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From: Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>
To: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org,
	Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com>,
	Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>,
	linux-api@vger.kernel.org, kernel-team@fb.com
Subject: [PATCH v5 9/9] btrfs: implement RWF_ENCODED writes
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2020 00:38:40 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <07a61c2f9a07497c165c05106dd0f9ced5bbc4fc.1597993855.git.osandov@osandov.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1597993855.git.osandov@osandov.com>

From: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>

The implementation resembles direct I/O: we have to flush any ordered
extents, invalidate the page cache, and do the io tree/delalloc/extent
map/ordered extent dance. From there, we can reuse the compression code
with a minor modification to distinguish the write from writeback. This
also creates inline extents when possible.

Now that read and write are implemented, this also sets the
FMODE_ENCODED_IO flag in btrfs_file_open().

Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/compression.c  |   7 +-
 fs/btrfs/compression.h  |   6 +-
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h        |   2 +
 fs/btrfs/file.c         |  40 +++++--
 fs/btrfs/inode.c        | 246 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 fs/btrfs/ordered-data.c |  12 +-
 fs/btrfs/ordered-data.h |   2 +
 7 files changed, 298 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/compression.c b/fs/btrfs/compression.c
index aa292d285550..087079c34692 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/compression.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/compression.c
@@ -338,7 +338,8 @@ static void end_compressed_bio_write(struct bio *bio)
 			bio->bi_status == BLK_STS_OK);
 	cb->compressed_pages[0]->mapping = NULL;
 
-	end_compressed_writeback(inode, cb);
+	if (cb->writeback)
+		end_compressed_writeback(inode, cb);
 	/* note, our inode could be gone now */
 
 	/*
@@ -374,7 +375,8 @@ blk_status_t btrfs_submit_compressed_write(struct btrfs_inode *inode, u64 start,
 				 struct page **compressed_pages,
 				 unsigned long nr_pages,
 				 unsigned int write_flags,
-				 struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css)
+				 struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css,
+				 bool writeback)
 {
 	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = inode->root->fs_info;
 	struct bio *bio = NULL;
@@ -398,6 +400,7 @@ blk_status_t btrfs_submit_compressed_write(struct btrfs_inode *inode, u64 start,
 	cb->mirror_num = 0;
 	cb->compressed_pages = compressed_pages;
 	cb->compressed_len = compressed_len;
+	cb->writeback = writeback;
 	cb->orig_bio = NULL;
 	cb->nr_pages = nr_pages;
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/compression.h b/fs/btrfs/compression.h
index 8001b700ea3a..f95cdc16f503 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/compression.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/compression.h
@@ -49,6 +49,9 @@ struct compressed_bio {
 	/* the compression algorithm for this bio */
 	int compress_type;
 
+	/* Whether this is a write for writeback. */
+	bool writeback;
+
 	/* number of compressed pages in the array */
 	unsigned long nr_pages;
 
@@ -96,7 +99,8 @@ blk_status_t btrfs_submit_compressed_write(struct btrfs_inode *inode, u64 start,
 				  struct page **compressed_pages,
 				  unsigned long nr_pages,
 				  unsigned int write_flags,
-				  struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css);
+				  struct cgroup_subsys_state *blkcg_css,
+				  bool writeback);
 blk_status_t btrfs_submit_compressed_read(struct inode *inode, struct bio *bio,
 				 int mirror_num, unsigned long bio_flags);
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
index e7ec6fa7b2bb..744f4212b5f7 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
@@ -3021,6 +3021,8 @@ int btrfs_writepage_cow_fixup(struct page *page, u64 start, u64 end);
 void btrfs_writepage_endio_finish_ordered(struct page *page, u64 start,
 					  u64 end, int uptodate);
 ssize_t btrfs_encoded_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter);
+ssize_t btrfs_encoded_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
+			    struct encoded_iov *encoded);
 
 extern const struct dentry_operations btrfs_dentry_operations;
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/file.c b/fs/btrfs/file.c
index 99b523aac669..716dcc518f93 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/file.c
@@ -1929,8 +1929,7 @@ static void update_time_for_write(struct inode *inode)
 		inode_inc_iversion(inode);
 }
 
-static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb,
-				    struct iov_iter *from)
+static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
 {
 	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
@@ -1940,16 +1939,24 @@ static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb,
 	u64 end_pos;
 	ssize_t num_written = 0;
 	const bool sync = iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC;
+	struct encoded_iov encoded;
 	ssize_t err;
 	loff_t pos;
 	size_t count;
 	loff_t oldsize;
 	int clean_page = 0;
 
-	if (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) &&
-	    (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT))
+	if ((iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) &&
+	    (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) ||
+	     (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_ENCODED)))
 		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 
+	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_ENCODED) {
+		err = copy_encoded_iov_from_iter(&encoded, from);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
 	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
 		if (!inode_trylock(inode))
 			return -EAGAIN;
@@ -1957,14 +1964,27 @@ static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb,
 		inode_lock(inode);
 	}
 
-	err = generic_write_checks(iocb, from);
-	if (err <= 0) {
+	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_ENCODED) {
+		err = generic_encoded_write_checks(iocb, &encoded);
+		if (err) {
+			inode_unlock(inode);
+			return err;
+		}
+		count = encoded.len;
+	} else {
+		err = generic_write_checks(iocb, from);
+		if (err < 0) {
+			inode_unlock(inode);
+			return err;
+		}
+		count = iov_iter_count(from);
+	}
+	if (count == 0) {
 		inode_unlock(inode);
 		return err;
 	}
 
 	pos = iocb->ki_pos;
-	count = iov_iter_count(from);
 	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
 		size_t nocow_bytes = count;
 
@@ -2033,7 +2053,9 @@ static ssize_t btrfs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb,
 	if (sync)
 		atomic_inc(&BTRFS_I(inode)->sync_writers);
 
-	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
+	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_ENCODED) {
+		num_written = btrfs_encoded_write(iocb, from, &encoded);
+	} else if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
 		num_written = __btrfs_direct_write(iocb, from);
 	} else {
 		num_written = btrfs_buffered_write(iocb, from);
@@ -3575,7 +3597,7 @@ static loff_t btrfs_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
 
 static int btrfs_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 {
-	filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NOWAIT | FMODE_BUF_RASYNC;
+	filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NOWAIT | FMODE_BUF_RASYNC | FMODE_ENCODED_IO;
 	return generic_file_open(inode, filp);
 }
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/inode.c b/fs/btrfs/inode.c
index 05024d56f9f8..174889774b10 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/inode.c
@@ -891,7 +891,7 @@ static noinline void submit_compressed_extents(struct async_chunk *async_chunk)
 				    ins.offset, async_extent->pages,
 				    async_extent->nr_pages,
 				    async_chunk->write_flags,
-				    async_chunk->blkcg_css)) {
+				    async_chunk->blkcg_css, true)) {
 			struct page *p = async_extent->pages[0];
 			const u64 start = async_extent->start;
 			const u64 end = start + async_extent->ram_size - 1;
@@ -2602,7 +2602,8 @@ static int btrfs_finish_ordered_io(struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered_extent)
 
 	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_NOCOW, &ordered_extent->flags) &&
 	    !test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_PREALLOC, &ordered_extent->flags) &&
-	    !test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_DIRECT, &ordered_extent->flags))
+	    !test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_DIRECT, &ordered_extent->flags) &&
+	    !test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_ENCODED, &ordered_extent->flags))
 		clear_new_delalloc_bytes = true;
 
 	freespace_inode = btrfs_is_free_space_inode(BTRFS_I(inode));
@@ -10308,6 +10309,247 @@ ssize_t btrfs_encoded_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+ssize_t btrfs_encoded_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
+			    struct encoded_iov *encoded)
+{
+	struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
+	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = btrfs_sb(inode->i_sb);
+	struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
+	struct extent_io_tree *io_tree = &BTRFS_I(inode)->io_tree;
+	struct extent_changeset *data_reserved = NULL;
+	struct extent_state *cached_state = NULL;
+	int compression;
+	size_t orig_count;
+	u64 start, end;
+	u64 num_bytes, ram_bytes, disk_num_bytes;
+	unsigned long nr_pages, i;
+	struct page **pages;
+	struct btrfs_key ins;
+	bool extent_reserved = false;
+	struct extent_map *em;
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	switch (encoded->compression) {
+	case ENCODED_IOV_COMPRESSION_ZLIB:
+		compression = BTRFS_COMPRESS_ZLIB;
+		break;
+	case ENCODED_IOV_COMPRESSION_LZO:
+		compression = BTRFS_COMPRESS_LZO;
+		break;
+	case ENCODED_IOV_COMPRESSION_ZSTD:
+		compression = BTRFS_COMPRESS_ZSTD;
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (encoded->encryption != ENCODED_IOV_ENCRYPTION_NONE)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	orig_count = iov_iter_count(from);
+
+	/* The extent size must be sane. */
+	if (encoded->unencoded_len > BTRFS_MAX_UNCOMPRESSED ||
+	    orig_count > BTRFS_MAX_COMPRESSED || orig_count == 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/*
+	 * The compressed data must be smaller than the decompressed data.
+	 *
+	 * It's of course possible for data to compress to larger or the same
+	 * size, but the buffered I/O path falls back to no compression for such
+	 * data, and we don't want to break any assumptions by creating these
+	 * extents.
+	 *
+	 * Note that this is less strict than the current check we have that the
+	 * compressed data must be at least one sector smaller than the
+	 * decompressed data. We only want to enforce the weaker requirement
+	 * from old kernels that it is at least one byte smaller.
+	 */
+	if (orig_count >= encoded->unencoded_len)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* The extent must start on a sector boundary. */
+	start = iocb->ki_pos;
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(start, fs_info->sectorsize))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/*
+	 * The extent must end on a sector boundary. However, we allow a write
+	 * which ends at or extends i_size to have an unaligned length; we round
+	 * up the extent size and set i_size to the unaligned end.
+	 */
+	if (start + encoded->len < inode->i_size &&
+	    !IS_ALIGNED(start + encoded->len, fs_info->sectorsize))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Finally, the offset in the unencoded data must be sector-aligned. */
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(encoded->unencoded_offset, fs_info->sectorsize))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	num_bytes = ALIGN(encoded->len, fs_info->sectorsize);
+	ram_bytes = ALIGN(encoded->unencoded_len, fs_info->sectorsize);
+	end = start + num_bytes - 1;
+
+	/*
+	 * If the extent cannot be inline, the compressed data on disk must be
+	 * sector-aligned. For convenience, we extend it with zeroes if it
+	 * isn't.
+	 */
+	disk_num_bytes = ALIGN(orig_count, fs_info->sectorsize);
+	nr_pages = DIV_ROUND_UP(disk_num_bytes, PAGE_SIZE);
+	pages = kvcalloc(nr_pages, sizeof(struct page *), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
+	if (!pages)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+		size_t bytes = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, iov_iter_count(from));
+		char *kaddr;
+
+		pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_HIGHMEM);
+		if (!pages[i]) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			goto out_pages;
+		}
+		kaddr = kmap(pages[i]);
+		if (copy_from_iter(kaddr, bytes, from) != bytes) {
+			kunmap(pages[i]);
+			ret = -EFAULT;
+			goto out_pages;
+		}
+		if (bytes < PAGE_SIZE)
+			memset(kaddr + bytes, 0, PAGE_SIZE - bytes);
+		kunmap(pages[i]);
+	}
+
+	for (;;) {
+		struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered;
+
+		ret = btrfs_wait_ordered_range(inode, start, num_bytes);
+		if (ret)
+			goto out_pages;
+		ret = invalidate_inode_pages2_range(inode->i_mapping,
+						    start >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+						    end >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+		if (ret)
+			goto out_pages;
+		lock_extent_bits(io_tree, start, end, &cached_state);
+		ordered = btrfs_lookup_ordered_range(BTRFS_I(inode), start,
+						     num_bytes);
+		if (!ordered &&
+		    !filemap_range_has_page(inode->i_mapping, start, end))
+			break;
+		if (ordered)
+			btrfs_put_ordered_extent(ordered);
+		unlock_extent_cached(io_tree, start, end, &cached_state);
+		cond_resched();
+	}
+
+	ret = btrfs_alloc_data_chunk_ondemand(BTRFS_I(inode), disk_num_bytes);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_unlock;
+	ret = btrfs_qgroup_reserve_data(BTRFS_I(inode), &data_reserved, start,
+					num_bytes);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_free_data_space;
+	ret = btrfs_delalloc_reserve_metadata(BTRFS_I(inode), num_bytes,
+					      disk_num_bytes);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_qgroup_free_data;
+
+	/* Try an inline extent first. */
+	if (start == 0 && encoded->unencoded_len == encoded->len &&
+	    encoded->unencoded_offset == 0) {
+		ret = cow_file_range_inline(BTRFS_I(inode), encoded->len,
+					    orig_count, compression, pages,
+					    true);
+		if (ret <= 0) {
+			if (ret == 0)
+				ret = orig_count;
+			goto out_delalloc_release;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = btrfs_reserve_extent(root, disk_num_bytes, disk_num_bytes,
+				   disk_num_bytes, 0, 0, &ins, 1, 1);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_delalloc_release;
+	extent_reserved = true;
+
+	em = create_io_em(BTRFS_I(inode), start, num_bytes,
+			  start - encoded->unencoded_offset, ins.objectid,
+			  ins.offset, ins.offset, ram_bytes, compression,
+			  BTRFS_ORDERED_COMPRESSED);
+	if (IS_ERR(em)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(em);
+		goto out_free_reserved;
+	}
+	free_extent_map(em);
+
+	ret = btrfs_add_ordered_extent(BTRFS_I(inode), start, num_bytes,
+				       ram_bytes, ins.objectid, ins.offset,
+				       encoded->unencoded_offset,
+				       (1 << BTRFS_ORDERED_ENCODED) |
+				       (1 << BTRFS_ORDERED_COMPRESSED),
+				       compression);
+	if (ret) {
+		btrfs_drop_extent_cache(BTRFS_I(inode), start, end, 0);
+		goto out_free_reserved;
+	}
+	btrfs_dec_block_group_reservations(fs_info, ins.objectid);
+
+	if (start + encoded->len > inode->i_size)
+		i_size_write(inode, start + encoded->len);
+
+	unlock_extent_cached(io_tree, start, end, &cached_state);
+
+	btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), num_bytes);
+
+	if (btrfs_submit_compressed_write(BTRFS_I(inode), start, num_bytes,
+					  ins.objectid, ins.offset, pages,
+					  nr_pages, 0, NULL, false)) {
+		struct page *page = pages[0];
+
+		page->mapping = inode->i_mapping;
+		btrfs_writepage_endio_finish_ordered(page, start, end, 0);
+		page->mapping = NULL;
+		ret = -EIO;
+		goto out_pages;
+	}
+	ret = orig_count;
+	goto out;
+
+out_free_reserved:
+	btrfs_dec_block_group_reservations(fs_info, ins.objectid);
+	btrfs_free_reserved_extent(fs_info, ins.objectid, ins.offset, 1);
+out_delalloc_release:
+	btrfs_delalloc_release_extents(BTRFS_I(inode), num_bytes);
+	btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata(BTRFS_I(inode), disk_num_bytes,
+					ret < 0);
+out_qgroup_free_data:
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		btrfs_qgroup_free_data(BTRFS_I(inode), data_reserved, start,
+				       num_bytes);
+	}
+out_free_data_space:
+	/*
+	 * If btrfs_reserve_extent() succeeded, then we already decremented
+	 * bytes_may_use.
+	 */
+	if (!extent_reserved)
+		btrfs_free_reserved_data_space_noquota(fs_info, disk_num_bytes);
+out_unlock:
+	unlock_extent_cached(io_tree, start, end, &cached_state);
+out_pages:
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+		if (pages[i])
+			__free_page(pages[i]);
+	}
+	kvfree(pages);
+out:
+	if (ret >= 0)
+		iocb->ki_pos += encoded->len;
+	return ret;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
 /*
  * Add an entry indicating a block group or device which is pinned by a
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.c b/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.c
index bdb6fb792c1f..3cd7386f6865 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.c
@@ -462,9 +462,15 @@ void btrfs_remove_ordered_extent(struct inode *inode,
 	spin_lock(&btrfs_inode->lock);
 	btrfs_mod_outstanding_extents(btrfs_inode, -1);
 	spin_unlock(&btrfs_inode->lock);
-	if (root != fs_info->tree_root)
-		btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata(btrfs_inode, entry->num_bytes,
-						false);
+	if (root != fs_info->tree_root) {
+		u64 release;
+
+		if (test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_ENCODED, &entry->flags))
+			release = entry->disk_num_bytes;
+		else
+			release = entry->num_bytes;
+		btrfs_delalloc_release_metadata(btrfs_inode, release, false);
+	}
 
 	if (test_bit(BTRFS_ORDERED_DIRECT, &entry->flags))
 		percpu_counter_add_batch(&fs_info->dio_bytes, -entry->num_bytes,
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.h b/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.h
index 23b9eb1e7ad1..2a01a2eee9cd 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ordered-data.h
@@ -62,6 +62,8 @@ enum {
 	BTRFS_ORDERED_LOGGED_CSUM,
 	/* We wait for this extent to complete in the current transaction */
 	BTRFS_ORDERED_PENDING,
+	/* RWF_ENCODED I/O */
+	BTRFS_ORDERED_ENCODED,
 };
 
 struct btrfs_ordered_extent {
-- 
2.28.0


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-08-21  7:39 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 30+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-21  7:38 [PATCH v5 0/9] fs: interface for directly reading/writing compressed data Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH man-pages v5] Document encoded I/O Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  9:24   ` Amir Goldstein
2020-08-24 18:15     ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 1/9] iov_iter: add copy_struct_from_iter() Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 18:52   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-24 21:09     ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 2/9] fs: add O_ALLOW_ENCODED open flag Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 18:28   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-24 21:11     ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 3/9] fs: add RWF_ENCODED for reading/writing compressed data Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  8:47   ` Amir Goldstein
2020-08-24 23:49     ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-25  8:25       ` Amir Goldstein
2020-08-25 17:20         ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:07   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 4/9] btrfs: don't advance offset for compressed bios in btrfs_csum_one_bio() Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:17   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 5/9] btrfs: add ram_bytes and offset to btrfs_ordered_extent Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:23   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 6/9] btrfs: support different disk extent size for delalloc Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:26   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 7/9] btrfs: optionally extend i_size in cow_file_range_inline() Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:33   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-21  7:38 ` [PATCH v5 8/9] btrfs: implement RWF_ENCODED reads Omar Sandoval
2020-08-24 19:54   ` Josef Bacik
2020-08-24 21:23     ` Omar Sandoval
2020-08-21  7:38 ` Omar Sandoval [this message]
2020-08-24 20:30   ` [PATCH v5 9/9] btrfs: implement RWF_ENCODED writes Josef Bacik
2020-08-24 21:30     ` Omar Sandoval

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