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From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
To: mtk.manpages@gmail.com, viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	christian.brauner@ubuntu.com, linux-man@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-api@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 2/5] Add manpages for move_mount(2) and open_tree(2)
Date: Fri, 07 Aug 2020 15:02:27 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <159680894741.29015.5588747939240667925.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <159680892602.29015.6551860260436544999.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk>

Add manual pages to document the move_mount and open_tree() system calls.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

 man2/move_mount.2 |  275 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 275 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/move_mount.2

diff --git a/man2/move_mount.2 b/man2/move_mount.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..aae9013fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/move_mount.2
@@ -0,0 +1,275 @@
+'\" t
+.\" Copyright (c) 2020 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH MOVE_MOUNT 2 2020-08-07 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+move_mount \- Move mount objects around the filesystem topology
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.B #include <sys/types.h>
+.br
+.B #include <sys/mount.h>
+.br
+.B #include <unistd.h>
+.br
+.BR "#include <fcntl.h>           " "/* Definition of AT_* constants */"
+.PP
+.BI "int move_mount(int " from_dirfd ", const char *" from_pathname ","
+.BI "               int " to_dirfd ", const char *" to_pathname ","
+.BI "               unsigned int " flags );
+.fi
+.PP
+.IR Note :
+There is no glibc wrapper for this system call.
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+The
+.BR move_mount ()
+call moves a mount from one place to another; it can also be used to attach an
+unattached mount created by
+.BR fsmount "() or " open_tree "() with " OPEN_TREE_CLONE .
+.PP
+If
+.BR move_mount ()
+is called repeatedly with a file descriptor that refers to a mount object,
+then the object will be attached/moved the first time and then moved again and
+again and again, detaching it from the previous mountpoint each time.
+.PP
+To access the source mount object or the destination mountpoint, no
+permissions are required on the object itself, but if either pathname is
+supplied, execute (search) permission is required on all of the directories
+specified in
+.IR from_pathname " or " to_pathname .
+.PP
+The caller does, however, require the appropriate capabilities or permission
+to effect a mount.
+.PP
+.BR move_mount ()
+uses
+.IR from_pathname ", " from_dirfd " and part of " flags
+to locate the mount object to be moved and
+.IR to_pathname ", " to_dirfd " and another part of " flags
+to locate the destination mountpoint.  Each lookup can be done in one of a
+variety of ways:
+.TP
+[*] By absolute path.
+The pathname points to an absolute path and the dirfd is ignored.  The file is
+looked up by name, starting from the root of the filesystem as seen by the
+calling process.
+.TP
+[*] By cwd-relative path.
+The pathname points to a relative path and the dirfd is
+.IR AT_FDCWD .
+The file is looked up by name, starting from the current working directory.
+.TP
+[*] By dir-relative path.
+The pathname points to relative path and the dirfd indicates a file descriptor
+pointing to a directory.  The file is looked up by name, starting from the
+directory specified by
+.IR dirfd .
+.TP
+[*] By file descriptor.
+The pathname points to "", the dirfd points directly to the mount object to
+move or the destination mount point and the appropriate
+.B *_EMPTY_PATH
+flag is set.
+.PP
+.I flags
+can be used to influence a path-based lookup.  A value for
+.I flags
+is constructed by OR'ing together zero or more of the following constants:
+.TP
+.BR MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH
+.\" commit 65cfc6722361570bfe255698d9cd4dccaf47570d
+If
+.I from_pathname
+is an empty string, operate on the file referred to by
+.IR from_dirfd
+(which may have been obtained using the
+.BR open (2)
+.B O_PATH
+flag or
+.BR open_tree ())
+If
+.I from_dirfd
+is
+.BR AT_FDCWD ,
+the call operates on the current working directory.
+In this case,
+.I from_dirfd
+can refer to any type of file, not just a directory.
+This flag is Linux-specific; define
+.B _GNU_SOURCE
+.\" Before glibc 2.16, defining _ATFILE_SOURCE sufficed
+to obtain its definition.
+.TP
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH
+As above, but operating on
+.IR to_pathname " and " to_dirfd .
+.TP
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_F_NO_AUTOMOUNT
+Don't automount the terminal ("basename") component of
+.I from_pathname
+if it is a directory that is an automount point.  This allows a mount object
+that has an automount point at its root to be moved and prevents unintended
+triggering of an automount point.
+The
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_F_NO_AUTOMOUNT
+flag has no effect if the automount point has already been mounted over.  This
+flag is Linux-specific; define
+.B _GNU_SOURCE
+.\" Before glibc 2.16, defining _ATFILE_SOURCE sufficed
+to obtain its definition.
+.TP
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_T_NO_AUTOMOUNT
+As above, but operating on
+.IR to_pathname " and " to_dirfd .
+This allows an automount point to be manually mounted over.
+.TP
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS
+If
+.I from_pathname
+is a symbolic link, then dereference it.  The default for
+.BR move_mount ()
+is to not follow symlinks.
+.TP
+.B MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS
+As above, but operating on
+.IR to_pathname " and " to_dirfd .
+
+.SH EXAMPLES
+The
+.BR move_mount ()
+function can be used like the following:
+.PP
+.RS
+.nf
+move_mount(AT_FDCWD, "/a", AT_FDCWD, "/b", 0);
+.fi
+.RE
+.PP
+This would move the object mounted on "/a" to "/b".  It can also be used in
+conjunction with
+.BR open_tree "(2) or " open "(2) with " O_PATH :
+.PP
+.RS
+.nf
+fd = open_tree(AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", 0);
+move_mount(fd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/mnt2", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
+move_mount(fd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/mnt3", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
+move_mount(fd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/mnt4", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
+.fi
+.RE
+.PP
+This would attach the path point for "/mnt" to fd, then it would move the
+mount to "/mnt2", then move it to "/mnt3" and finally to "/mnt4".
+.PP
+It can also be used to attach new mounts:
+.PP
+.RS
+.nf
+sfd = fsopen("ext4", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
+fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "source", "/dev/sda1", 0);
+fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "user_xattr", NULL, 0);
+fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE, NULL, NULL, 0);
+mfd = fsmount(sfd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV);
+move_mount(mfd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/home", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
+.fi
+.RE
+.PP
+Which would open the Ext4 filesystem mounted on "/dev/sda1", turn on user
+extended attribute support and create a mount object for it.  Finally, the new
+mount object would be attached with
+.BR move_mount ()
+to "/home".
+
+
+.\"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
+.\"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
+.\"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success, 0 is returned.  On error, \-1 is returned, and
+.I errno
+is set appropriately.
+.SH ERRORS
+.TP
+.B EACCES
+Search permission is denied for one of the directories
+in the path prefix of
+.IR pathname .
+(See also
+.BR path_resolution (7).)
+.TP
+.B EBADF
+.IR from_dirfd " or " to_dirfd
+is not a valid open file descriptor.
+.TP
+.B EFAULT
+.IR from_pathname " or " to_pathname
+is NULL or either one point to a location outside the process's accessible
+address space.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+Reserved flag specified in
+.IR flags .
+.TP
+.B ELOOP
+Too many symbolic links encountered while traversing the pathname.
+.TP
+.B ENAMETOOLONG
+.IR from_pathname " or " to_pathname
+is too long.
+.TP
+.B ENOENT
+A component of
+.IR from_pathname " or " to_pathname
+does not exist, or one is an empty string and the appropriate
+.B *_EMPTY_PATH
+was not specified in
+.IR flags .
+.TP
+.B ENOMEM
+Out of memory (i.e., kernel memory).
+.TP
+.B ENOTDIR
+A component of the path prefix of
+.IR from_pathname " or " to_pathname
+is not a directory or one or the other is relative and the appropriate
+.I *_dirfd
+is a file descriptor referring to a file other than a directory.
+.SH VERSIONS
+.BR move_mount ()
+was added to Linux in kernel 4.18.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+.BR move_mount ()
+is Linux-specific.
+.SH NOTES
+Glibc does not (yet) provide a wrapper for the
+.BR move_mount ()
+system call; call it using
+.BR syscall (2).
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR fsmount (2),
+.BR fsopen (2),
+.BR open_tree (2)



  reply	other threads:[~2020-08-07 14:05 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-07 14:02 [PATCH 1/5] Add manpage for open_tree(2) David Howells
2020-08-07 14:02 ` David Howells [this message]
2020-08-22 20:04   ` [PATCH 2/5] Add manpages for move_mount(2) and open_tree(2) Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-24 10:08   ` David Howells
2020-08-26  7:31     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-07 14:02 ` [PATCH 3/5] Add manpage for fspick(2) David Howells
2020-08-22 20:05   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-07 14:02 ` [PATCH 4/5] Add manpage for fsopen(2) and fsmount(2) David Howells
2020-08-22 20:08   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-07 14:02 ` [PATCH 5/5] Add manpage for fsconfig(2) David Howells
2020-08-07 15:58   ` AW: " Walter Harms
2020-08-07 16:27   ` David Howells
2020-08-07 16:35     ` AW: " Walter Harms
2020-08-22 20:18   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-22 20:01 ` [PATCH 1/5] Add manpage for open_tree(2) Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)

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