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From: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com>
To: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 0/2] generic_file_buffered_read() refactoring & optimization
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2020 14:44:42 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200619184430.GA1278697@zaphod.evilpiepirate.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200619125920.GA29193@infradead.org>

On Fri, Jun 19, 2020 at 05:59:20AM -0700, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> After looking at v2 yesterday I noticed I few things in the structure
> that I really didn't like:
> 
>  - using a struct page * return value just to communicate status codes
>  - the extremely long function names
>  - a generally somewhat non-intuitive split of the helpers
> 
> I then hacked on top of it for a bit while sitting in a telephone
> conference.  Below is my result, which passes a quick xfstests run.
> Note that this includes the refactoring and the batch lookup changes
> as I did it on top of your series:

I like it - I can't get your patch to apply to anything though, do you have it
up in a git repo anywhere?

> 
> diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
> index f0ae9a6308cb4d..9e0aecd99950f4 100644
> --- a/mm/filemap.c
> +++ b/mm/filemap.c
> @@ -1972,273 +1972,360 @@ static void shrink_readahead_size_eio(struct file_ra_state *ra)
>  	ra->ra_pages /= 4;
>  }
>  
> -/**
> - * generic_file_buffered_read - generic file read routine
> - * @iocb:	the iocb to read
> - * @iter:	data destination
> - * @written:	already copied
> - *
> - * This is a generic file read routine, and uses the
> - * mapping->a_ops->readpage() function for the actual low-level stuff.
> - *
> - * This is really ugly. But the goto's actually try to clarify some
> - * of the logic when it comes to error handling etc.
> - *
> - * Return:
> - * * total number of bytes copied, including those the were already @written
> - * * negative error code if nothing was copied
> - */
> -ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb,
> -		struct iov_iter *iter, ssize_t written)
> +static inline pgoff_t filemap_last_index(struct kiocb *iocb,
> +		struct iov_iter *iter)
>  {
> -	struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp;
> -	struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
> -	struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> -	struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra;
> -	loff_t *ppos = &iocb->ki_pos;
> -	pgoff_t index;
> -	pgoff_t last_index;
> -	pgoff_t prev_index;
> -	unsigned long offset;      /* offset into pagecache page */
> -	unsigned int prev_offset;
> -	int error = 0;
> -
> -	if (unlikely(*ppos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes))
> -		return 0;
> -	iov_iter_truncate(iter, inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes);
> -
> -	index = *ppos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	prev_index = ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	prev_offset = ra->prev_pos & (PAGE_SIZE-1);
> -	last_index = (*ppos + iter->count + PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	offset = *ppos & ~PAGE_MASK;
> +	return (iocb->ki_pos + iter->count + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +}
>  
> -	for (;;) {
> -		struct page *page;
> -		pgoff_t end_index;
> -		loff_t isize;
> -		unsigned long nr, ret;
> +static inline unsigned long filemap_nr_pages(struct kiocb *iocb,
> +		struct iov_iter *iter)
> +{
> +	return filemap_last_index(iocb, iter) - (iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +}
>  
> -		cond_resched();
> -find_page:
> -		if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> -			error = -EINTR;
> -			goto out;
> -		}
> +static int __filemap_read_not_uptodate(struct file *file, struct page *page)
> +{
> +	int error;
>  
> -		page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
> -		if (!page) {
> -			if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT)
> -				goto would_block;
> -			page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping,
> -					ra, filp,
> -					index, last_index - index);
> -			page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
> -			if (unlikely(page == NULL))
> -				goto no_cached_page;
> -		}
> -		if (PageReadahead(page)) {
> -			page_cache_async_readahead(mapping,
> -					ra, filp, page,
> -					index, last_index - index);
> -		}
> -		if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
> -			if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
> -				put_page(page);
> -				goto would_block;
> -			}
> +	error = lock_page_killable(page);
> +	if (error)
> +		return error;
>  
> +	if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
> +		if (!page->mapping) {
>  			/*
> -			 * See comment in do_read_cache_page on why
> -			 * wait_on_page_locked is used to avoid unnecessarily
> -			 * serialisations and why it's safe.
> +			 * invalidate_mapping_pages got it
>  			 */
> -			error = wait_on_page_locked_killable(page);
> -			if (unlikely(error))
> -				goto readpage_error;
> -			if (PageUptodate(page))
> -				goto page_ok;
> -
> -			if (inode->i_blkbits == PAGE_SHIFT ||
> -					!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate)
> -				goto page_not_up_to_date;
> -			/* pipes can't handle partially uptodate pages */
> -			if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(iter)))
> -				goto page_not_up_to_date;
> -			if (!trylock_page(page))
> -				goto page_not_up_to_date;
> -			/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
> -			if (!page->mapping)
> -				goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
> -			if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page,
> -							offset, iter->count))
> -				goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
> -			unlock_page(page);
> +			error = AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE;
> +		} else {
> +			error = -EIO;
>  		}
> -page_ok:
> -		/*
> -		 * i_size must be checked after we know the page is Uptodate.
> -		 *
> -		 * Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate
> -		 * the correct value for "nr", which means the zero-filled
> -		 * part of the page is not copied back to userspace (unless
> -		 * another truncate extends the file - this is desired though).
> -		 */
> +	}
>  
> -		isize = i_size_read(inode);
> -		end_index = (isize - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -		if (unlikely(!isize || index > end_index)) {
> -			put_page(page);
> -			goto out;
> -		}
> +	unlock_page(page);
> +	if (error == -EIO)
> +		shrink_readahead_size_eio(&file->f_ra);
> +	return error;
> +}
>  
> -		/* nr is the maximum number of bytes to copy from this page */
> -		nr = PAGE_SIZE;
> -		if (index == end_index) {
> -			nr = ((isize - 1) & ~PAGE_MASK) + 1;
> -			if (nr <= offset) {
> -				put_page(page);
> -				goto out;
> -			}
> -		}
> -		nr = nr - offset;
> +static int __filemap_read_one_page(struct file *file, struct page *page)
> +{
> +	int error;
>  
> -		/* If users can be writing to this page using arbitrary
> -		 * virtual addresses, take care about potential aliasing
> -		 * before reading the page on the kernel side.
> -		 */
> -		if (mapping_writably_mapped(mapping))
> -			flush_dcache_page(page);
> +	/*
> +	 * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary failures, e.g.
> +	 * multipath errors. PG_error will be set again if readpage fails.
> +	 */
> +	ClearPageError(page);
>  
> -		/*
> -		 * When a sequential read accesses a page several times,
> -		 * only mark it as accessed the first time.
> -		 */
> -		if (prev_index != index || offset != prev_offset)
> -			mark_page_accessed(page);
> -		prev_index = index;
> +	/*
> +	 * Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page.
> +	 */
> +	error = file->f_mapping->a_ops->readpage(file, page);
> +	if (!error && !PageUptodate(page))
> +		return __filemap_read_not_uptodate(file, page);
> +	return error;
> +}
>  
> -		/*
> -		 * Ok, we have the page, and it's up-to-date, so
> -		 * now we can copy it to user space...
> -		 */
> +static int filemap_read_one_page(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
> +		struct page *page, pgoff_t index)
> +{
> +	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
> +	loff_t pos = max(iocb->ki_pos, (loff_t)index << PAGE_SHIFT);
> +	loff_t count = iocb->ki_pos + iter->count - pos;
> +	int error;
>  
> -		ret = copy_page_to_iter(page, offset, nr, iter);
> -		offset += ret;
> -		index += offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -		offset &= ~PAGE_MASK;
> -		prev_offset = offset;
> +	/*
> +	 * See comment in do_read_cache_page on why wait_on_page_locked is used
> +	 * to avoid unnecessarily serialisations and why it's safe.
> +	 */
> +	error = wait_on_page_locked_killable(page);
> +	if (unlikely(error))
> +		goto out_put_page;
>  
> -		put_page(page);
> -		written += ret;
> -		if (!iov_iter_count(iter))
> -			goto out;
> -		if (ret < nr) {
> -			error = -EFAULT;
> -			goto out;
> -		}
> -		continue;
> +	if (PageUptodate(page))
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (mapping->host->i_blkbits == PAGE_SHIFT ||
> +	    !mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate)
> +		goto page_not_up_to_date;
> +	/* pipes can't handle partially uptodate pages */
> +	if (unlikely(iov_iter_is_pipe(iter)))
> +		goto page_not_up_to_date;
> +	if (!trylock_page(page))
> +		goto page_not_up_to_date;
> +	/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
> +	if (!page->mapping)
> +		goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
> +	if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page, pos & ~PAGE_MASK,
> +			count))
> +		goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
> +done:
> +	unlock_page(page);
> +	return 0;
>  
>  page_not_up_to_date:
> -		/* Get exclusive access to the page ... */
> -		error = lock_page_killable(page);
> -		if (unlikely(error))
> -			goto readpage_error;
> +	/* Get exclusive access to the page ... */
> +	error = lock_page_killable(page);
> +	if (unlikely(error))
> +		goto out_put_page;
>  
>  page_not_up_to_date_locked:
> -		/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
> -		if (!page->mapping) {
> -			unlock_page(page);
> -			put_page(page);
> +	/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
> +	if (!page->mapping) {
> +		error = AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE;
> +		unlock_page(page);
> +		goto out_put_page;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Did somebody else fill it already? */
> +	if (PageUptodate(page))
> +		goto done;
> +
> +	error = __filemap_read_one_page(file, page);
> +	if (error)
> +		goto out_put_page;
> +	return 0;
> +
> +out_put_page:
> +	put_page(page);
> +	return error;
> +}
> +
> +static int filemap_read_get_pages(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
> +		struct page **pages, unsigned long max_pages)
> +{
> +	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
> +	unsigned long nr = min(filemap_nr_pages(iocb, iter), max_pages);
> +	pgoff_t index = iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
> +		return -EINTR;
> +
> +	ret = find_get_pages_contig(mapping, index, nr, pages);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT)
> +		return -EAGAIN;
> +
> +	page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, &file->f_ra, file, index,
> +				  filemap_nr_pages(iocb, iter));
> +
> +	ret = find_get_pages_contig(mapping, index, nr, pages);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Ok, it wasn't cached, so we need to create a new page..
> +	 */
> +	pages[0] = page_cache_alloc(mapping);
> +	if (!pages[0])
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	ret = add_to_page_cache_lru(pages[0], mapping, index,
> +			mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, GFP_KERNEL));
> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (ret == -EEXIST)
> +			ret = 0;
> +		goto out_put_page;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = __filemap_read_one_page(file, pages[0]);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		if (ret == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
> +			ret = 0;
> +		goto out_put_page;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 1;
> +
> +out_put_page:
> +	put_page(pages[0]);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int filemap_read_pages(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
> +		struct page **pages, unsigned int nr_pages)
> +{
> +	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
> +	pgoff_t last_index = filemap_last_index(iocb, iter);
> +	pgoff_t index = iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	unsigned int cur_page, j;
> +	int err = 0;
> +
> +	for (cur_page = 0; cur_page < nr_pages; cur_page++, index++) {
> +		struct page *page = pages[cur_page];
> +
> +		if (PageReadahead(page))
> +			page_cache_async_readahead(mapping, &file->f_ra, file,
> +					page, index, last_index - index);
> +
> +		if (PageUptodate(page))
>  			continue;
> -		}
>  
> -		/* Did somebody else fill it already? */
> -		if (PageUptodate(page)) {
> -			unlock_page(page);
> -			goto page_ok;
> +		if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
> +			put_page(page);
> +			err = -EAGAIN;
> +			goto out_put_pages;
>  		}
>  
> -readpage:
> -		/*
> -		 * A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary
> -		 * failures, eg. multipath errors.
> -		 * PG_error will be set again if readpage fails.
> -		 */
> -		ClearPageError(page);
> -		/* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */
> -		error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);
> +		err = filemap_read_one_page(iocb, iter, page, index);
> +		if (err)
> +			goto out_put_pages;
> +	}
>  
> -		if (unlikely(error)) {
> -			if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) {
> -				put_page(page);
> -				error = 0;
> -				goto find_page;
> -			}
> -			goto readpage_error;
> -		}
> +	return cur_page;
>  
> -		if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
> -			error = lock_page_killable(page);
> -			if (unlikely(error))
> -				goto readpage_error;
> -			if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
> -				if (page->mapping == NULL) {
> -					/*
> -					 * invalidate_mapping_pages got it
> -					 */
> -					unlock_page(page);
> -					put_page(page);
> -					goto find_page;
> -				}
> -				unlock_page(page);
> -				shrink_readahead_size_eio(ra);
> -				error = -EIO;
> -				goto readpage_error;
> -			}
> -			unlock_page(page);
> -		}
> +out_put_pages:
> +	for (j = cur_page + 1; j < nr_pages; j++)
> +		put_page(pages[j]);
> +	if (cur_page == 0) {
> +		if (err == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
> +			err = 0;
> +		return err;
> +	}
> +	return cur_page;
> +}
>  
> -		goto page_ok;
> +static int filemap_do_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
> +		struct page **pages, unsigned long max_pages)
> +{
> +	struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp;
> +	struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
> +	struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra;
> +	loff_t isize, end_offset;
> +	int nr_pages, i;
> +	bool writably_mapped;
>  
> -readpage_error:
> -		/* UHHUH! A synchronous read error occurred. Report it */
> -		put_page(page);
> -		goto out;
> +	cond_resched();
> +
> +was_truncated:
> +	nr_pages = filemap_read_get_pages(iocb, iter, pages, max_pages);
> +	if (nr_pages > 0)
> +		nr_pages = filemap_read_pages(iocb, iter, pages, nr_pages);
> +	if (nr_pages == 0)
> +		goto was_truncated;
> +	if (nr_pages < 0)
> +		return nr_pages;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * i_size must be checked after we know the pages are Uptodate.
> +	 *
> +	 * Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate the correct
> +	 * value for "nr_pages", which means the zero-filled part of the page is
> +	 * not copied back to userspace (unless another truncate extends the
> +	 * file - this is desired though).
> +	 */
> +	isize = i_size_read(mapping->host);
> +	if (unlikely(iocb->ki_pos >= isize))
> +		goto put_pages;
> +
> +	end_offset = min_t(loff_t, isize, iocb->ki_pos + iter->count);
> +
> +	while ((iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT) + nr_pages >
> +	       (end_offset + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
> +		put_page(pages[--nr_pages]);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Once we start copying data, we don't want to be touching any
> +	 * cachelines that might be contended:
> +	 */
> +	writably_mapped = mapping_writably_mapped(mapping);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * When a sequential read accesses a page several times, only mark it as
> +	 * accessed the first time.
> +	 */
> +	if (iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT != ra->prev_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT)
> +		mark_page_accessed(pages[0]);
> +	for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++)
> +		mark_page_accessed(pages[i]);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
> +		unsigned offset = iocb->ki_pos & ~PAGE_MASK;
> +		unsigned bytes = min_t(loff_t, end_offset - iocb->ki_pos,
> +					       PAGE_SIZE - offset);
> +		unsigned copied;
>  
> -no_cached_page:
>  		/*
> -		 * Ok, it wasn't cached, so we need to create a new
> -		 * page..
> +		 * If users can be writing to this page using arbitrary virtual
> +		 * addresses, take care about potential aliasing before reading
> +		 * the page on the kernel side.
>  		 */
> -		page = page_cache_alloc(mapping);
> -		if (!page) {
> -			error = -ENOMEM;
> -			goto out;
> -		}
> -		error = add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, index,
> -				mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, GFP_KERNEL));
> -		if (error) {
> -			put_page(page);
> -			if (error == -EEXIST) {
> -				error = 0;
> -				goto find_page;
> -			}
> -			goto out;
> -		}
> -		goto readpage;
> +		if (writably_mapped)
> +			flush_dcache_page(pages[i]);
> +
> +		copied = copy_page_to_iter(pages[i], offset, bytes, iter);
> +
> +		iocb->ki_pos += copied;
> +		ra->prev_pos = iocb->ki_pos;
> +
> +		if (copied < bytes)
> +			return -EFAULT;
>  	}
>  
> -would_block:
> -	error = -EAGAIN;
> -out:
> -	ra->prev_pos = prev_index;
> -	ra->prev_pos <<= PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	ra->prev_pos |= prev_offset;
> +put_pages:
> +	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++)
> +		put_page(pages[i]);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * generic_file_buffered_read - generic file read routine
> + * @iocb:	the iocb to read
> + * @iter:	data destination
> + * @written:	already copied
> + *
> + * This is a generic file read routine, and uses the
> + * mapping->a_ops->readpage() function for the actual low-level stuff.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + * * total number of bytes copied, including those the were already @written
> + * * negative error code if nothing was copied
> + */
> +ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb,
> +		struct iov_iter *iter, ssize_t written)
> +{
> +	struct address_space *mapping = iocb->ki_filp->f_mapping;
> +	size_t orig_count = iov_iter_count(iter);
> +	struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> +	struct page *page_array[8], **pages = NULL;
> +	unsigned max_pages = filemap_nr_pages(iocb, iter);
> +	int error;
>  
> -	*ppos = ((loff_t)index << PAGE_SHIFT) + offset;
> -	file_accessed(filp);
> -	return written ? written : error;
> +	if (unlikely(iocb->ki_pos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes))
> +		return 0;
> +	iov_iter_truncate(iter, inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes);
> +
> +	if (max_pages > ARRAY_SIZE(page_array))
> +		pages = kmalloc_array(max_pages, sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> +	if (!pages) {
> +		pages = page_array;
> +		max_pages = ARRAY_SIZE(page_array);
> +	}
> +
> +	do {
> +		error = filemap_do_read(iocb, iter, pages, max_pages);
> +		if (error)
> +			break;
> +	} while (iov_iter_count(iter) && iocb->ki_pos < i_size_read(inode));
> +
> +	file_accessed(iocb->ki_filp);
> +	written += orig_count - iov_iter_count(iter);
> +
> +	if (pages != page_array)
> +		kfree(pages);
> +
> +	if (unlikely(!written))
> +		return error;
> +	return written;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_file_buffered_read);
>  

  reply	other threads:[~2020-06-19 18:44 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-10  0:10 [PATCH " Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  0:10 ` [PATCH 1/2] fs: Break generic_file_buffered_read up into multiple functions Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  0:10 ` [PATCH 2/2] fs: generic_file_buffered_read() now uses find_get_pages_contig Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  0:47   ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-06-10  1:08     ` Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  1:38   ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-06-10  1:46     ` Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  1:36 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] fs: Break generic_file_buffered_read up into multiple functions Kent Overstreet
2020-06-10  1:36 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] fs: generic_file_buffered_read() now uses find_get_pages_contig Kent Overstreet
2020-06-18  1:05   ` Andrew Morton
2020-06-19  3:20     ` [PATCH v3 0/2] generic_file_buffered_read() refactoring & optimization Kent Overstreet
2020-06-19 12:59       ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-06-19 18:44         ` Kent Overstreet [this message]
2020-06-19  3:20     ` [PATCH v3 1/2] fs: Break generic_file_buffered_read up into multiple functions Kent Overstreet
2020-06-19  3:20     ` [PATCH v3 2/2] fs: generic_file_buffered_read() now uses find_get_pages_contig Kent Overstreet
2020-06-30  0:12 ` Fixup patch for [PATCH 0/2] generic_file_buffered_read() refactoring & optimization Kent Overstreet

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