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From: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
To: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-arch@vger.kernel.org,
	"Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, Akira Yokosawa <akiyks@gmail.com>,
	Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>,
	Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>,
	Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>,
	Daniel Lustig <dlustig@nvidia.com>,
	"Darrick J . Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>,
	Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	Jade Alglave <j.alglave@ucl.ac.uk>,
	Luc Maranget <luc.maranget@inria.fr>,
	Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] tools/memory-model: document the "one-time init" pattern
Date: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 18:47:50 +0100
Message-ID: <20200717174750.GQ12769@casper.infradead.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200717044427.68747-1-ebiggers@kernel.org>

On Thu, Jul 16, 2020 at 09:44:27PM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> +If that doesn't apply, you'll have to implement one-time init yourself.
> +
> +The simplest implementation just uses a mutex and an 'inited' flag.
> +This implementation should be used where feasible:

I think some syntactic sugar should make it feasible for normal people
to implement the most efficient version of this just like they use locks.

> +For the single-pointer case, a further optimized implementation
> +eliminates the mutex and instead uses compare-and-exchange:
> +
> +	static struct foo *foo;
> +
> +	int init_foo_if_needed(void)
> +	{
> +		struct foo *p;
> +
> +		/* pairs with successful cmpxchg_release() below */
> +		if (smp_load_acquire(&foo))
> +			return 0;
> +
> +		p = alloc_foo();
> +		if (!p)
> +			return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +		/* on success, pairs with smp_load_acquire() above and below */
> +		if (cmpxchg_release(&foo, NULL, p) != NULL) {

Why do we have cmpxchg_release() anyway?  Under what circumstances is
cmpxchg() useful _without_ having release semantics?

> +			free_foo(p);
> +			/* pairs with successful cmpxchg_release() above */
> +			smp_load_acquire(&foo);
> +		}
> +		return 0;
> +	}

How about something like this ...

once.h:

static struct init_once_pointer {
	void *p;
};

static inline void *once_get(struct init_once_pointer *oncep)
{ ... }

static inline bool once_store(struct init_once_pointer *oncep, void *p)
{ ... }

--- foo.c ---

struct foo *get_foo(gfp_t gfp)
{
	static struct init_once_pointer my_foo;
	struct foo *foop;

	foop = once_get(&my_foo);
	if (foop)
		return foop;

	foop = alloc_foo(gfp);
	if (!once_store(&my_foo, foop)) {
		free_foo(foop);
		foop = once_get(&my_foo);
	}

	return foop;
}

Any kernel programmer should be able to handle that pattern.  And no mutex!

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 39+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-17  4:44 Eric Biggers
2020-07-17  5:49 ` Sedat Dilek
2020-07-17 12:35 ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-17 14:26 ` Alan Stern
2020-07-17 17:47 ` Matthew Wilcox [this message]
2020-07-17 17:51   ` Alan Stern
2020-07-18  1:02     ` Eric Biggers
2020-07-27 12:51       ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-17 21:05   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-07-18  0:44   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-07-18  1:38   ` Eric Biggers
2020-07-18  2:13     ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-18  5:28       ` Eric Biggers
2020-07-18 14:35         ` Alan Stern
2020-07-20  2:07         ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-20  9:00           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-07-27 15:17         ` Alan Stern
2020-07-27 15:28           ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-27 16:01             ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-07-27 16:31             ` Alan Stern
2020-07-27 16:59               ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-27 19:13                 ` Alan Stern
2020-07-17 20:53 ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-07-18  0:58   ` Eric Biggers
2020-07-18  1:25     ` Alan Stern
2020-07-18  1:40       ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-18  2:00       ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-18 14:21         ` Alan Stern
2020-07-18  2:00       ` Eric Biggers
2020-07-18  1:42 ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-18 14:08   ` Alan Stern
2020-07-20  1:33     ` Dave Chinner
2020-07-20 14:52       ` Alan Stern
2020-07-20 15:37         ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-07-20 15:39         ` Matthew Wilcox
2020-07-20 16:04           ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-07-20 16:48             ` peterz
2020-07-20 22:06               ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-07-20 16:12           ` Alan Stern

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