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From: Deven Bowers <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Cc: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: [RFC PATCH v4 00/12] Integrity Policy Enforcement LSM (IPE) Date: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 16:09:29 -0700 [thread overview] Message-ID: <email@example.com> (raw) Overview: ------------------------------------ IPE is a Linux Security Module which allows for a configurable policy to enforce integrity requirements on the whole system. It attempts to solve the issue of Code Integrity: that any code being executed (or files being read), are identical to the version that was built by a trusted source. The type of system for which IPE is designed for use is an embedded device with a specific purpose (e.g. network firewall device in a data center), where all software and configuration is built and provisioned by the owner. Specifically, a system which leverages IPE is not intended for general purpose computing and does not utilize any software or configuration built by a third party. An ideal system to leverage IPE has both mutable and immutable components, however, all binary executable code is immutable. The scope of IPE is constrained to the OS. It is assumed that platform firmware verifies the the kernel and optionally the root filesystem (e.g. via U-Boot verified boot). IPE then utilizes LSM hooks to enforce a flexible, kernel-resident integrity verification policy. IPE differs from other LSMs which provide integrity checking (for instance, IMA), as it has no dependency on the filesystem metadata itself. The attributes that IPE checks are deterministic properties that exist solely in the kernel. Additionally, IPE provides no additional mechanisms of verifying these files (e.g. IMA Signatures) - all of the attributes of verifying files are existing features within the kernel, such as dm-verity or fsverity. IPE provides a policy that allows owners of the system to easily specify integrity requirements and uses dm-verity signatures to simplify the authentication of allowed objects like authorized code and data. IPE supports two modes, permissive (similar to SELinux's permissive mode) and enforce. Permissive mode performs the same checks, and logs policy violations as enforce mode, but will not enforce the policy. This allows users to test policies before enforcing them. The default mode is enforce, and can be changed via the kernel commandline parameter `ipe.enforce=(0|1)`, or the securityfs node `/sys/kernel/security/ipe/enforce`. The ability to switch modes can be compiled out of the LSM via setting the config CONFIG_SECURITY_IPE_PERMISSIVE_SWITCH to N. IPE additionally supports success auditing. When enabled, all events that pass IPE policy and are not blocked will emit an audit event. This is disabled by default, and can be enabled via the kernel commandline `ipe.success_audit=(0|1)` or the securityfs node `/sys/kernel/security/ipe/success_audit`. Policies can be staged at runtime through securityfs and activated through sysfs. Please see the Deploying Policies section of this cover letter for more information. The IPE LSM is compiled under CONFIG_SECURITY_IPE. Policy: ------------------------------------ IPE policy is designed to be both forward compatible and backwards compatible. There is one required line, at the top of the policy, indicating the policy name, and the policy version, for instance: policy_name="Ex Policy" policy_version=0.0.0 The policy version indicates the current version of the policy (NOT the policy syntax version). This is used to prevent roll-back of policy to potentially insecure previous versions of the policy. The next portion of IPE policy, are rules. Rules are formed by key=value pairs, known as properties. IPE rules require two properties: "action", which determines what IPE does when it encounters a match against the policy, and "op", which determines when that rule should be evaluated. Thus, a minimal rule is: op=EXECUTE action=ALLOW This example will allow any execution. Additional properties are used to restrict attributes about the files being evaluated. These properties are intended to be deterministic attributes that are resident in the kernel. Available properties for IPE described in the properties section of this cover-letter, the repository available in Appendix A, and the kernel documentation page. Order does not matter for the rule's properties - they can be listed in any order, however it is encouraged to have the "op" property be first, and the "action" property be last, for readability. Additionally, rules are evaluated top-to-bottom. As a result, any revocation rules, or denies should be placed early in the file to ensure that these rules are evaluated before a rule with "action=ALLOW" is hit. Any unknown syntax in IPE policy will result in a fatal error to parse the policy. User mode can interrogate the kernel to understand what properties and the associated versions through the securityfs node, $securityfs/ipe/property_config, which will return a string of form: key1=version1 key2=version2 . . . keyN=versionN User-mode should correlate these versions with the supported values identified in the documentation to determine whether a policy should be accepted by the system. Additionally, a DEFAULT operation must be set for all understood operations within IPE. For policies to remain completely forwards compatible, it is recommended that users add a "DEFAULT action=ALLOW" and override the defaults on a per-operation basis. For more information about the policy syntax, please see Appendix A or the kernel documentation page. Early Usermode Protection: -------------------------- IPE can be provided with a policy at startup to load and enforce. This is intended to be a minimal policy to get the system to a state where userland is setup and ready to receive commands, at which point a policy can be deployed via securityfs. This "boot policy" can be specified via the config, SECURITY_IPE_BOOT_POLICY, which accepts a path to a plain-text version of the IPE policy to apply. This policy will be compiled into the kernel. If not specified, IPE will be disabled until a policy is deployed and activated through the method above. Policy Examples: ------------------------------------ Allow all: policy_name="Allow All" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=ALLOW Allow only initial superblock: policy_name="Allow All Initial SB" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=DENY op=EXECUTE boot_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW Allow any signed dm-verity volume and the initial superblock: policy_name="AllowSignedAndInitial" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=DENY op=EXECUTE boot_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW op=EXECUTE dmverity_signature=TRUE action=ALLOW Prohibit execution from a specific dm-verity volume: policy_name="AllowSignedAndInitial" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=DENY op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=401fcec5944823ae12f62726e8184407a5fa9599783f030dec146938 action=DENY op=EXECUTE boot_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW op=EXECUTE dmverity_signature=TRUE action=ALLOW Allow only a specific dm-verity volume: policy_name="AllowSignedAndInitial" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=DENY op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=401fcec5944823ae12f62726e8184407a5fa9599783f030dec146938 action=ALLOW Deploying Policies: ------------------- Deploying policies is simple. First sign a plain text policy, with a certificate that is present in the SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING of your test machine. Through openssl, the signing can be done via: openssl smime -sign -in "$MY_POLICY" -signer "$MY_CERTIFICATE" \ -inkey "$MY_PRIVATE_KEY" -binary -outform der -noattr -nodetach \ -out "$MY_POLICY.p7s" Then, simply cat the file into the IPE's "new_policy" securityfs node: cat "$MY_POLICY.p7s" > /sys/kernel/security/ipe/new_policy The policy should now be present under the policies/ subdirectory, under its "policy_name" attribute. The policy is now present in the kernel and can be marked as active, via the sysctl "ipe.active_policy": echo -n 1 > "/sys/kernel/security/ipe/$MY_POLICY_NAME/active" This will now mark the policy as active and the system will be enforcing $MY_POLICY_NAME. At any point the policy can be updated on the provision that the policy version to be deployed is greater than or equal to the running version (to prevent roll-back attacks). This update can be done by redirecting the file into the policy's "raw" node, under the policies subdirectory: cat "$MY_UPDATED_POLICY.p7s" > \ "/sys/kernel/security/ipe/policies/$MY_POLICY_NAME/raw" Additionally, policies can be deleted via the "del_policy" securityfs node. Simply write the name of the policy to be deleted to that node: echo -n 1 > "/sys/kernel/security/ipe/policies/$MY_POLICY_NAME/delete" There are two requirements to delete policies: 1. The policy being deleted must not be the active policy. 2. The policy being deleted must not be the boot policy. It's important to know above that the "echo" command will add a newline to the end of the input, and this will be considered as part of the filename. You can remove the newline via the -n parameter. NOTE: If a MAC LSM is enabled, the securityfs commands will require CAP_MAC_ADMIN. This is due to sysfs supporting fine-grained MAC attributes, while securityfs at the current moment does not. Properties: ------------------------------------ This initial patchset introducing IPE adds three properties: 'boot_verified', 'dmverity_signature' and 'dmverity_roothash'. boot_verified (CONFIG_IPE_BOOT_PROP): This property can be utilized for authorization of the first super-block that is mounted on the system, where IPE attempts to evaluate a file. Typically this is used for systems with an initramfs or other initial disk, where this is unmounted before the system becomes available, and is not covered by any other property. The format of this property is: boot_verified=(TRUE|FALSE) WARNING: This property will trust any disk where the first IPE evaluation occurs. If you do not have a startup disk that is unpacked and unmounted (like initramfs), then it will automatically trust the root filesystem and potentially overauthorize the entire disk. dmverity_roothash (CONFIG_IPE_DM_VERITY_ROOTHASH): This property can be utilized for authorization or revocation of specific dmverity volumes, identified via root hash. It has a dependency on the DM_VERITY module. The format of this property is: dmverity_roothash=<HashHexDigest> dmverity_signature (CONFIG_IPE_DM_VERITY_SIGNATURE): This property can be utilized for authorization of all dm-verity volumes that have a signed roothash that chains to the system trusted keyring. It has a dependency on the DM_VERITY_VERIFY_ROOTHASH_SIG config. The format of this property is: dmverity_signature=(TRUE|FALSE) Testing: ------------------------------------ A test suite is available (Appendix B) for ease of use. For manual instructions: Enable IPE through the following Kconfigs: CONFIG_SECURITY_IPE=y CONFIG_SECURITY_IPE_BOOT_POLICY="../AllowAllInitialSB.pol" CONFIG_SECURITY_IPE_PERMISSIVE_SWITCH=y CONFIG_IPE_BOOT_PROP=y CONFIG_IPE_DM_VERITY_ROOTHASH=y CONFIG_IPE_DM_VERITY_SIGNATURE=y CONFIG_DM_VERITY=y CONFIG_DM_VERITY_VERIFY_ROOTHASH_SIG=y CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING=y CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS="/path/to/my/cert/list.pem" Start a test system, that boots directly from the filesystem, without an initrd. I recommend testing in permissive mode until all tests pass, then switch to enforce to ensure behavior remains identical. boot_verified: If booted correctly, the filesystem mounted on / should be marked as boot_verified. Verify by turning on success auditing (sysctl ipe.success_audit=1), and run a binary. In the audit output, `prop_boot_verified` should be `TRUE`. To test denials, mount a temporary filesystem (mount -t tmpfs -o size=4M tmp tmp), and copy a binary (e.g. ls) to this new filesystem. Disable success auditing and attempt to run the file. The file should have an audit event, but be allowed to execute in permissive mode, and prop_boot_verified should be FALSE. dmverity_roothash: First, you must create a dm-verity volume. This can be done through squashfs-tools and veritysetup (provided by cryptsetup). Creating a squashfs volume: mksquashfs /path/to/directory/with/executable /path/to/output.squashfs Format the volume for use with dm-verity & save the root hash: output_rh=$(veritysetup format output.squashfs output.hashtree | \ tee verity_out.txt | awk "/Root hash/" | \ sed -E "s/Root hash:\s+//g") echo -n $output_rh > output.roothash Create a two policies, filling in the appropriate fields below: Policy 1: policy_name="roothash-denial" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=ALLOW op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=$output_rh action=DENY Policy 2: policy_name="roothash-allow" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=ALLOW DEFAULT op=EXECUTE action=DENY op=EXECUTE boot_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=$output_rh action=ALLOW Deploy each policy, then mark the first, "roothash-denial" as active, per the "Deploying Policies" section of this cover letter. Mount the dm-verity volume: veritysetup open output.squashfs output.hashtree unverified \ `cat output.roothash` mount /dev/mapper/unverified /my/mount/point Attempt to execute a binary in the mount point, and it should emit an audit event for a match against the rule: op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=$output_rh action=DENY To test the second policy, perform the same steps, but this time, enable success auditing before running the executable. The success audit event should be a match against this rule: op=EXECUTE dmverity_roothash=$output_rh action=ALLOW dmverity_signature: Follow the setup steps for dmverity_roothash. Sign the roothash via: openssl smime -sign -in "output.roothash" -signer "$MY_CERTIFICATE" \ -inkey "$MY_PRIVATE_KEY" -binary -outform der -noattr \ -out "output.p7s" Create a policy: policy_name="verified" policy_version=0.0.0 DEFAULT action=DENY op=EXECUTE boot_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW op=EXECUTE dmverity_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW Deploy the policy, and mark as active, per the "Deploying Policies" section of this cover letter. Mount the dm-verity volume with verification: veritysetup open output.squashfs output.hashtree unverified \ `cat output.roothash` --root-hash-signature=output.p7s mount /dev/mapper/unverified /my/mount/point NOTE: The --root-hash-signature option was introduced in veritysetup 2.3.0 Turn on success auditing and attempt to execute a binary in the mount point, and it should emit an audit event for a match against the rule: op=EXECUTE dmverity_verified=TRUE action=ALLOW To test denials, mount the dm-verity volume the same way as the "dmverity_roothash" section, and attempt to execute a binary. Failure should occur. Documentation: ------------------------------------ Full documentation is available on github in IPE's master repository (Appendix A). This is intended to be an exhaustive source of documentation around IPE. Additionally, there is higher level documentation in the admin-guide. Technical diagrams are available here: http://microsoft.github.io/ipe/technical/diagrams/ Known Gaps: ------------------------------------ IPE has two known gaps: 1. IPE cannot verify the integrity of anonymous executable memory, such as the trampolines created by gcc closures and libffi, or JIT'd code. Unfortunately, as this is dynamically generated code, there is no way for IPE to detect that this code has not been tampered with in transition from where it was built, to where it is running. As a result, IPE is incapable of tackling this problem for dynamically generated code. However, there is a patch series being prepared that addresses this problem for libffi and gcc closures by implemeting a safer kernel trampoline API. 2. IPE cannot verify the integrity of interpreted languages' programs when these scripts invoked via `<interpreter> <file>`. This is because the way interpreters execute these files, the scripts themselves are not evaluated as executable code through one of IPE's hooks. Interpreters can be enlightened to the usage of IPE by trying to mmap a file into executable memory (+X), after opening the file and responding to the error code appropriately. This also applies to included files, or high value files, such as configuration files of critical system components. This specific gap is planned on being addressed within IPE. For more information on how we plan to address this gap, please see the Future Development section, below. Future Development: ------------------------------------ Support for filtering signatures by specific certificates. In this case, our "dmverity_signature" (or a separate property) can be set to a specific certificate declared in IPE's policy, allowing for more controlled use-cases determine by a user's PKI structure. Support for integrity verification for general file reads. This addresses the script interpreter issue indicated in the "Known Gaps" section, as these script files are typically opened with O_RDONLY. We are evaluating whether to do this by comparing the original userland filepath passed into the open syscall, thereby allowing existing callers to take advantage without any code changes; the alternate design is to extend the new openat2(2) syscall, with an new flag, tentatively called "O_VERIFY". While the second option requires a code change for all the interpreters, frameworks and languages that wish to leverage it, it is a wholly cleaner implementation in the kernel. For interpreters specifically, the O_MAYEXEC patch series published by Mickaël Salaün is a similar implementation to the O_VERIFY idea described above. Onboarding IPE's test suite to KernelCI. Currently we are developing a test suite in the same vein as SELinux's test suite. Once development of the test suite is complete, and provided IPE is accepted, we intend to onboard this test suite onto KernelCI. Hardened resistance against roll-back attacks. Currently there exists a window of opportunity between user-mode setup and the user-policy being deployed, where a prior user-policy can be loaded, that is potentially insecure. However, with a kernel update, you can revise the boot policy's version to be the same version as the latest policy, closing this window. In the future, I would like to close this window of opportunity without a kernel update, using some persistent storage mechanism. Open Issues: ------------ For linux-audit/integrity folks: 1. Introduction of new audit definitions in the kernel integrity range - is this preferred, as opposed to reusing definitions with existing IMA definitions? TODOs: ------ linux-audit changes to support the new audit events. Appendix: ------------------------------------ A. IPE Github Repository: https://github.com/microsoft/ipe Hosted Documentation: https://microsoft.github.io/ipe B. IPE Users' Guide: Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/ipe.rst C. IPE Test Suite: *TBA* (under development) References: ------------------------------------ 1. https://firstname.lastname@example.org/ Changelog: ------------------------------------ v1: Introduced v2: Split the second patch of the previous series into two. Minor corrections in the cover-letter and documentation comments regarding CAP_MAC_ADMIN checks in IPE. v3: Address various comments by Jann Horn. Highlights: Switch various audit allocators to GFP_KERNEL. Utilize rcu_access_pointer() in various locations. Strip out the caching system for properties Strip comments from headers Move functions around in patches Remove kernel command line parameters Reconcile the race condition on the delete node for policy by expanding the policy critical section. Address a few comments by Jonathan Corbet around the documentation pages for IPE. Fix an issue with the initialization of IPE policy with a "-0" version, caused by not initializing the hlist entries before freeing. v4: Address a concern around IPE's behavior with unknown syntax. Specifically, make any unknown syntax a fatal error instead of a warning, as suggested by Mickaël Salaün. Introduce a new securityfs node, $securityfs/ipe/property_config, which provides a listing of what properties are enabled by the kernel and their versions. This allows usermode to predict what policies should be allowed. Strip some comments from c files that I missed. Clarify some documentation comments around 'boot_verified'. While this currently does not functionally change the property itself, the distinction is important when IPE can enforce verified reads. Additionally, 'KERNEL_READ' was omitted from the documentation. This has been corrected. Change SecurityFS and SHA1 to a reverse dependency. Update the cover-letter with the updated behavior of unknown syntax. Remove all sysctls, making an equivalent function in securityfs. Rework the active/delete mechanism to be a node under the policy in $securityfs/ipe/policies. The kernel command line parameters ipe.enforce and ipe.success_audit have returned as this functionality is no longer exposed through sysfs. Deven Bowers (12): scripts: add ipe tooling to generate boot policy security: add ipe lsm evaluation loop and audit system security: add ipe lsm policy parser and policy loading ipe: add property for trust of boot volume fs: add security blob and hooks for block_device dm-verity: move signature check after tree validation dm-verity: add bdev_setsecurity hook for dm-verity signature ipe: add property for signed dmverity volumes dm-verity: add bdev_setsecurity hook for root-hash ipe: add property for dmverity roothash documentation: add ipe documentation cleanup: uapi/linux/audit.h Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/index.rst | 1 + Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/ipe.rst | 472 +++++++ MAINTAINERS | 8 + drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c | 50 +- drivers/md/dm-verity-verify-sig.c | 147 +- drivers/md/dm-verity-verify-sig.h | 20 +- drivers/md/dm-verity.h | 2 +- fs/block_dev.c | 8 + include/linux/device-mapper.h | 3 + include/linux/fs.h | 1 + include/linux/lsm_hook_defs.h | 5 + include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 11 + include/linux/security.h | 22 + include/uapi/linux/audit.h | 36 +- scripts/Makefile | 1 + scripts/ipe/Makefile | 2 + scripts/ipe/polgen/.gitignore | 1 + scripts/ipe/polgen/Makefile | 7 + scripts/ipe/polgen/polgen.c | 136 ++ security/Kconfig | 12 +- security/Makefile | 2 + security/ipe/.gitignore | 2 + security/ipe/Kconfig | 47 + security/ipe/Makefile | 33 + security/ipe/ipe-audit.c | 316 +++++ security/ipe/ipe-audit.h | 26 + security/ipe/ipe-blobs.c | 91 ++ security/ipe/ipe-blobs.h | 18 + security/ipe/ipe-engine.c | 221 +++ security/ipe/ipe-engine.h | 49 + security/ipe/ipe-hooks.c | 169 +++ security/ipe/ipe-hooks.h | 70 + security/ipe/ipe-parse.c | 890 ++++++++++++ security/ipe/ipe-parse.h | 17 + security/ipe/ipe-pin.c | 93 ++ security/ipe/ipe-pin.h | 36 + security/ipe/ipe-policy.c | 148 ++ security/ipe/ipe-policy.h | 69 + security/ipe/ipe-prop-internal.h | 49 + security/ipe/ipe-property.c | 142 ++ security/ipe/ipe-property.h | 100 ++ security/ipe/ipe-secfs.c | 1316 ++++++++++++++++++ security/ipe/ipe-secfs.h | 16 + security/ipe/ipe.c | 116 ++ security/ipe/ipe.h | 22 + security/ipe/properties/Kconfig | 36 + security/ipe/properties/Makefile | 13 + security/ipe/properties/boot-verified.c | 82 ++ security/ipe/properties/dmverity-roothash.c | 153 ++ security/ipe/properties/dmverity-signature.c | 82 ++ security/ipe/properties/prop-entry.h | 38 + security/ipe/utility.h | 32 + security/security.c | 61 + 53 files changed, 5406 insertions(+), 94 deletions(-) create mode 100644 Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/ipe.rst create mode 100644 scripts/ipe/Makefile create mode 100644 scripts/ipe/polgen/.gitignore create mode 100644 scripts/ipe/polgen/Makefile create mode 100644 scripts/ipe/polgen/polgen.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/.gitignore create mode 100644 security/ipe/Kconfig create mode 100644 security/ipe/Makefile create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-audit.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-audit.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-blobs.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-blobs.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-engine.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-engine.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-hooks.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-hooks.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-parse.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-parse.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-pin.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-pin.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-policy.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-policy.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-prop-internal.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-property.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-property.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-secfs.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe-secfs.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/ipe.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/Kconfig create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/Makefile create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/boot-verified.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/dmverity-roothash.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/dmverity-signature.c create mode 100644 security/ipe/properties/prop-entry.h create mode 100644 security/ipe/utility.h -- 2.27.0
next reply other threads:[~2020-07-17 23:09 UTC|newest] Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested] mbox.gz Atom feed top 2020-07-17 23:09 Deven Bowers [this message] 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 01/12] scripts: add ipe tooling to generate boot policy Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 02/12] security: add ipe lsm evaluation loop and audit system Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:16 ` Randy Dunlap 2020-07-20 16:44 ` Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 03/12] security: add ipe lsm policy parser and policy loading Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 04/12] ipe: add property for trust of boot volume Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 05/12] fs: add security blob and hooks for block_device Deven Bowers 2020-07-18 0:14 ` Casey Schaufler 2020-07-20 16:42 ` Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 06/12] dm-verity: move signature check after tree validation Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 07/12] dm-verity: add bdev_setsecurity hook for dm-verity signature Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 08/12] ipe: add property for signed dmverity volumes Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 09/12] dm-verity: add bdev_setsecurity hook for root-hash Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 10/12] ipe: add property for dmverity roothash Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 11/12] documentation: add ipe documentation Deven Bowers 2020-07-17 23:09 ` [RFC PATCH v4 12/12] cleanup: uapi/linux/audit.h Deven Bowers
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