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From: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	"Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 4/5] binfmt_elf, binfmt_elf_fdpic: Use a VMA list snapshot
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 2020 17:14:47 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200826151448.3404695-5-jannh@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200826151448.3404695-1-jannh@google.com>

In both binfmt_elf and binfmt_elf_fdpic, use a new helper
dump_vma_snapshot() to take a snapshot of the VMA list (including the gate
VMA, if we have one) while protected by the mmap_lock, and then use that
snapshot instead of walking the VMA list without locking.

An alternative approach would be to keep the mmap_lock held across the
entire core dumping operation; however, keeping the mmap_lock locked while
we may be blocked for an unbounded amount of time (e.g. because we're
dumping to a FUSE filesystem or so) isn't really optimal; the mmap_lock
blocks things like the ->release handler of userfaultfd, and we don't
really want critical system daemons to grind to a halt just because someone
"gifted" them SCM_RIGHTS to an eternally-locked userfaultfd, or something
like that.

Since both the normal ELF code and the FDPIC ELF code need this
functionality (and if any other binfmt wants to add coredump support in the
future, they'd probably need it, too), implement this with a common helper
in fs/coredump.c.

A downside of this approach is that we now need a bigger amount of kernel
memory per userspace VMA in the normal ELF case, and that we need O(n)
kernel memory in the FDPIC ELF case at all; but 40 bytes per VMA shouldn't
be terribly bad.

Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---
 fs/binfmt_elf.c          | 129 +++++++++------------------------------
 fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c    |  86 +++++++++++++-------------
 fs/coredump.c            |  69 +++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/coredump.h |   9 +++
 4 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 145 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index 5fd11a25d320..0585794400a4 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -1475,31 +1475,13 @@ static unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 		goto whole;
 
 	/*
-	 * If this looks like the beginning of a DSO or executable mapping,
-	 * check for an ELF header.  If we find one, dump the first page to
-	 * aid in determining what was mapped here.
+	 * If this is the beginning of an executable file mapping,
+	 * dump the first page to aid in determining what was mapped here.
 	 */
 	if (FILTER(ELF_HEADERS) &&
-	    vma->vm_pgoff == 0 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
-		u32 __user *header = (u32 __user *) vma->vm_start;
-		u32 word;
-		/*
-		 * Doing it this way gets the constant folded by GCC.
-		 */
-		union {
-			u32 cmp;
-			char elfmag[SELFMAG];
-		} magic;
-		BUILD_BUG_ON(SELFMAG != sizeof word);
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG0] = ELFMAG0;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG1] = ELFMAG1;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG2] = ELFMAG2;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG3] = ELFMAG3;
-		if (unlikely(get_user(word, header)))
-			word = 0;
-		if (word == magic.cmp)
-			return PAGE_SIZE;
-	}
+	    vma->vm_pgoff == 0 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ) &&
+	    (READ_ONCE(file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_mode) & 0111) != 0)
+		return PAGE_SIZE;
 
 #undef	FILTER
 
@@ -2220,32 +2202,6 @@ static void free_note_info(struct elf_note_info *info)
 
 #endif
 
-static struct vm_area_struct *first_vma(struct task_struct *tsk,
-					struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
-{
-	struct vm_area_struct *ret = tsk->mm->mmap;
-
-	if (ret)
-		return ret;
-	return gate_vma;
-}
-/*
- * Helper function for iterating across a vma list.  It ensures that the caller
- * will visit `gate_vma' prior to terminating the search.
- */
-static struct vm_area_struct *next_vma(struct vm_area_struct *this_vma,
-					struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
-{
-	struct vm_area_struct *ret;
-
-	ret = this_vma->vm_next;
-	if (ret)
-		return ret;
-	if (this_vma == gate_vma)
-		return NULL;
-	return gate_vma;
-}
-
 static void fill_extnum_info(struct elfhdr *elf, struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum,
 			     elf_addr_t e_shoff, int segs)
 {
@@ -2272,9 +2228,8 @@ static void fill_extnum_info(struct elfhdr *elf, struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum,
 static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 {
 	int has_dumped = 0;
-	int segs, i;
+	int vma_count, segs, i;
 	size_t vma_data_size = 0;
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma, *gate_vma;
 	struct elfhdr elf;
 	loff_t offset = 0, dataoff;
 	struct elf_note_info info = { };
@@ -2282,30 +2237,19 @@ static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum = NULL;
 	Elf_Half e_phnum;
 	elf_addr_t e_shoff;
-	elf_addr_t *vma_filesz = NULL;
+	struct core_vma_metadata *vma_meta;
+
+	if (dump_vma_snapshot(cprm, &vma_count, &vma_meta, vma_dump_size))
+		return 0;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++)
+		vma_data_size += vma_meta[i].dump_size;
 
-	/*
-	 * We no longer stop all VM operations.
-	 * 
-	 * This is because those proceses that could possibly change map_count
-	 * or the mmap / vma pages are now blocked in do_exit on current
-	 * finishing this core dump.
-	 *
-	 * Only ptrace can touch these memory addresses, but it doesn't change
-	 * the map_count or the pages allocated. So no possibility of crashing
-	 * exists while dumping the mm->vm_next areas to the core file.
-	 */
-  
 	/*
 	 * The number of segs are recored into ELF header as 16bit value.
 	 * Please check DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT definition when you modify here.
 	 */
-	segs = current->mm->map_count;
-	segs += elf_core_extra_phdrs();
-
-	gate_vma = get_gate_vma(current->mm);
-	if (gate_vma != NULL)
-		segs++;
+	segs = vma_count + elf_core_extra_phdrs();
 
 	/* for notes section */
 	segs++;
@@ -2343,24 +2287,6 @@ static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 
 	dataoff = offset = roundup(offset, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);
 
-	/*
-	 * Zero vma process will get ZERO_SIZE_PTR here.
-	 * Let coredump continue for register state at least.
-	 */
-	vma_filesz = kvmalloc(array_size(sizeof(*vma_filesz), (segs - 1)),
-			      GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!vma_filesz)
-		goto end_coredump;
-
-	for (i = 0, vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
-			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma)) {
-		unsigned long dump_size;
-
-		dump_size = vma_dump_size(vma, cprm->mm_flags);
-		vma_filesz[i++] = dump_size;
-		vma_data_size += dump_size;
-	}
-
 	offset += vma_data_size;
 	offset += elf_core_extra_data_size();
 	e_shoff = offset;
@@ -2381,21 +2307,23 @@ static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 		goto end_coredump;
 
 	/* Write program headers for segments dump */
-	for (i = 0, vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
-			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma)) {
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++) {
+		struct core_vma_metadata *meta = vma_meta + i;
 		struct elf_phdr phdr;
 
 		phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
 		phdr.p_offset = offset;
-		phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vm_start;
+		phdr.p_vaddr = meta->start;
 		phdr.p_paddr = 0;
-		phdr.p_filesz = vma_filesz[i++];
-		phdr.p_memsz = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+		phdr.p_filesz = meta->dump_size;
+		phdr.p_memsz = meta->end - meta->start;
 		offset += phdr.p_filesz;
-		phdr.p_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PF_R : 0;
-		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+		phdr.p_flags = 0;
+		if (meta->flags & VM_READ)
+			phdr.p_flags |= PF_R;
+		if (meta->flags & VM_WRITE)
 			phdr.p_flags |= PF_W;
-		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
+		if (meta->flags & VM_EXEC)
 			phdr.p_flags |= PF_X;
 		phdr.p_align = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE;
 
@@ -2417,9 +2345,10 @@ static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	if (!dump_skip(cprm, dataoff - cprm->pos))
 		goto end_coredump;
 
-	for (i = 0, vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
-			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma)) {
-		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, vma->vm_start, vma_filesz[i++]))
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++) {
+		struct core_vma_metadata *meta = vma_meta + i;
+
+		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, meta->start, meta->dump_size))
 			goto end_coredump;
 	}
 	dump_truncate(cprm);
@@ -2435,7 +2364,7 @@ static int elf_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 end_coredump:
 	free_note_info(&info);
 	kfree(shdr4extnum);
-	kvfree(vma_filesz);
+	kvfree(vma_meta);
 	kfree(phdr4note);
 	return has_dumped;
 }
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
index 76e8c0defdc8..f9d35bc9f0af 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
@@ -1222,7 +1222,8 @@ struct elf_prstatus_fdpic
  *
  * I think we should skip something. But I am not sure how. H.J.
  */
-static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
+static unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+				   unsigned long mm_flags)
 {
 	int dump_ok;
 
@@ -1251,7 +1252,7 @@ static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
 			kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (DAX private)", vma->vm_start,
 			       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
 		}
-		return dump_ok;
+		goto out;
 	}
 
 	/* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
@@ -1260,13 +1261,13 @@ static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
 			dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED, &mm_flags);
 			kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
 			       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-			return dump_ok;
+			goto out;
 		}
 
 		dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_SHARED, &mm_flags);
 		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
 		       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		return dump_ok;
+		goto out;
 	}
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
@@ -1275,14 +1276,16 @@ static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
 		dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
 		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (!anon)", vma->vm_start,
 		       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		return dump_ok;
+		goto out;
 	}
 #endif
 
 	dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
 	kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags,
 	       dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-	return dump_ok;
+
+out:
+	return dump_ok ? vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start : 0;
 }
 
 /* An ELF note in memory */
@@ -1524,31 +1527,30 @@ static void fill_extnum_info(struct elfhdr *elf, struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum,
 /*
  * dump the segments for an MMU process
  */
-static bool elf_fdpic_dump_segments(struct coredump_params *cprm)
+static bool elf_fdpic_dump_segments(struct coredump_params *cprm,
+				    struct core_vma_metadata *vma_meta,
+				    int vma_count)
 {
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	int i;
 
-	for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
-		unsigned long addr;
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++) {
+		struct core_vma_metadata *meta = vma_meta + i;
 
-		if (!maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags))
-			continue;
-
-		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, vma->vm_start,
-				     vma->vma_end - vma->vm_start))
+		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, meta->start, meta->dump_size))
 			return false;
 	}
 	return true;
 }
 
-static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(unsigned long mm_flags)
+static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(unsigned long mm_flags,
+				     struct core_vma_metadata *vma_meta,
+				     int vma_count)
 {
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	size_t size = 0;
+	int i;
 
-	for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next)
-		if (maydump(vma, mm_flags))
-			size += vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++)
+		size += vma_meta[i].dump_size;
 	return size;
 }
 
@@ -1562,9 +1564,8 @@ static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(unsigned long mm_flags)
 static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 {
 	int has_dumped = 0;
-	int segs;
+	int vma_count, segs;
 	int i;
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	struct elfhdr *elf = NULL;
 	loff_t offset = 0, dataoff;
 	struct memelfnote psinfo_note, auxv_note;
@@ -1578,18 +1579,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	elf_addr_t e_shoff;
 	struct core_thread *ct;
 	struct elf_thread_status *tmp;
-
-	/*
-	 * We no longer stop all VM operations.
-	 *
-	 * This is because those proceses that could possibly change map_count
-	 * or the mmap / vma pages are now blocked in do_exit on current
-	 * finishing this core dump.
-	 *
-	 * Only ptrace can touch these memory addresses, but it doesn't change
-	 * the map_count or the pages allocated. So no possibility of crashing
-	 * exists while dumping the mm->vm_next areas to the core file.
-	 */
+	struct core_vma_metadata *vma_meta = NULL;
 
 	/* alloc memory for large data structures: too large to be on stack */
 	elf = kmalloc(sizeof(*elf), GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -1599,6 +1589,9 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	if (!psinfo)
 		goto end_coredump;
 
+	if (dump_vma_snapshot(cprm, &vma_count, &vma_meta, vma_dump_size))
+		goto end_coredump;
+
 	for (ct = current->mm->core_state->dumper.next;
 					ct; ct = ct->next) {
 		tmp = elf_dump_thread_status(cprm->siginfo->si_signo,
@@ -1618,8 +1611,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	tmp->next = thread_list;
 	thread_list = tmp;
 
-	segs = current->mm->map_count;
-	segs += elf_core_extra_phdrs();
+	segs = vma_count + elf_core_extra_phdrs();
 
 	/* for notes section */
 	segs++;
@@ -1664,7 +1656,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	/* Page-align dumped data */
 	dataoff = offset = roundup(offset, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);
 
-	offset += elf_core_vma_data_size(cprm->mm_flags);
+	offset += elf_core_vma_data_size(cprm->mm_flags, vma_meta, vma_count);
 	offset += elf_core_extra_data_size();
 	e_shoff = offset;
 
@@ -1684,23 +1676,26 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 		goto end_coredump;
 
 	/* write program headers for segments dump */
-	for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+	for (i = 0; i < vma_count; i++) {
+		struct core_vma_metadata *meta = vma_meta + i;
 		struct elf_phdr phdr;
 		size_t sz;
 
-		sz = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+		sz = meta->end - meta->start;
 
 		phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
 		phdr.p_offset = offset;
-		phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vm_start;
+		phdr.p_vaddr = meta->start;
 		phdr.p_paddr = 0;
-		phdr.p_filesz = maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags) ? sz : 0;
+		phdr.p_filesz = meta->dump_size;
 		phdr.p_memsz = sz;
 		offset += phdr.p_filesz;
-		phdr.p_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PF_R : 0;
-		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+		phdr.p_flags = 0;
+		if (meta->flags & VM_READ)
+			phdr.p_flags |= PF_R;
+		if (meta->flags & VM_WRITE)
 			phdr.p_flags |= PF_W;
-		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
+		if (meta->flags & VM_EXEC)
 			phdr.p_flags |= PF_X;
 		phdr.p_align = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE;
 
@@ -1732,7 +1727,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	if (!dump_skip(cprm, dataoff - cprm->pos))
 		goto end_coredump;
 
-	if (!elf_fdpic_dump_segments(cprm))
+	if (!elf_fdpic_dump_segments(cprm, vma_meta, vma_count))
 		goto end_coredump;
 
 	if (!elf_core_write_extra_data(cprm))
@@ -1756,6 +1751,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 		thread_list = thread_list->next;
 		kfree(tmp);
 	}
+	kvfree(vma_meta);
 	kfree(phdr4note);
 	kfree(elf);
 	kfree(psinfo);
diff --git a/fs/coredump.c b/fs/coredump.c
index 6042d15acd51..7b4486b701bb 100644
--- a/fs/coredump.c
+++ b/fs/coredump.c
@@ -936,3 +936,72 @@ void dump_truncate(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_truncate);
+
+static struct vm_area_struct *first_vma(struct task_struct *tsk,
+					struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
+{
+	struct vm_area_struct *ret = tsk->mm->mmap;
+
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	return gate_vma;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for iterating across a vma list.  It ensures that the caller
+ * will visit `gate_vma' prior to terminating the search.
+ */
+static struct vm_area_struct *next_vma(struct vm_area_struct *this_vma,
+				       struct vm_area_struct *gate_vma)
+{
+	struct vm_area_struct *ret;
+
+	ret = this_vma->vm_next;
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+	if (this_vma == gate_vma)
+		return NULL;
+	return gate_vma;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Under the mmap_lock, take a snapshot of relevant information about the task's
+ * VMAs.
+ */
+int dump_vma_snapshot(struct coredump_params *cprm, int *vma_count,
+		      struct core_vma_metadata **vma_meta,
+		      unsigned long (*dump_size_cb)(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long))
+{
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma, *gate_vma;
+	struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+	int i;
+
+	if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm))
+		return -EINTR;
+
+	gate_vma = get_gate_vma(mm);
+	*vma_count = mm->map_count + (gate_vma ? 1 : 0);
+
+	*vma_meta = kvmalloc_array(*vma_count, sizeof(**vma_meta), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!*vma_meta) {
+		mmap_read_unlock(mm);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0, vma = first_vma(current, gate_vma); vma != NULL;
+			vma = next_vma(vma, gate_vma), i++) {
+		struct core_vma_metadata *m = (*vma_meta) + i;
+
+		m->start = vma->vm_start;
+		m->end = vma->vm_end;
+		m->flags = vma->vm_flags;
+		m->dump_size = dump_size_cb(vma, cprm->mm_flags);
+	}
+
+	mmap_read_unlock(mm);
+
+	if (WARN_ON(i != *vma_count))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/coredump.h b/include/linux/coredump.h
index f0b71a74d0bc..21bbef9bd8d6 100644
--- a/include/linux/coredump.h
+++ b/include/linux/coredump.h
@@ -7,6 +7,12 @@
 #include <linux/fs.h>
 #include <asm/siginfo.h>
 
+struct core_vma_metadata {
+	unsigned long start, end;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned long dump_size;
+};
+
 /*
  * These are the only things you should do on a core-file: use only these
  * functions to write out all the necessary info.
@@ -18,6 +24,9 @@ extern int dump_align(struct coredump_params *cprm, int align);
 extern void dump_truncate(struct coredump_params *cprm);
 int dump_user_range(struct coredump_params *cprm, unsigned long start,
 		    unsigned long len);
+int dump_vma_snapshot(struct coredump_params *cprm, int *vma_count,
+		      struct core_vma_metadata **vma_meta,
+		      unsigned long (*dump_size_cb)(struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long));
 #ifdef CONFIG_COREDUMP
 extern void do_coredump(const kernel_siginfo_t *siginfo);
 #else
-- 
2.28.0.297.g1956fa8f8d-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-08-26 15:16 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-26 15:14 [PATCH v4 0/5] Fix ELF / FDPIC ELF core dumping, and use mmap_lock properly in there Jann Horn
2020-08-26 15:14 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] binfmt_elf_fdpic: Stop using dump_emit() on user pointers on !MMU Jann Horn
2020-08-26 15:14 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] coredump: Let dump_emit() bail out on short writes Jann Horn
2020-08-26 15:14 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] coredump: Refactor page range dumping into common helper Jann Horn
2020-08-26 15:14 ` Jann Horn [this message]
2020-08-26 17:14   ` [PATCH v4 4/5] binfmt_elf, binfmt_elf_fdpic: Use a VMA list snapshot Linus Torvalds
2020-08-26 15:14 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] mm/gup: Take mmap_lock in get_dump_page() Jann Horn
2020-08-26 17:15 ` [PATCH v4 0/5] Fix ELF / FDPIC ELF core dumping, and use mmap_lock properly in there Linus Torvalds

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