Linux-Fsdevel Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	"Eric W . Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH v5 4/7] coredump: Rework elf/elf_fdpic vma_dump_size() into common helper
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 2020 13:49:29 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200827114932.3572699-5-jannh@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200827114932.3572699-1-jannh@google.com>

At the moment, the binfmt_elf and binfmt_elf_fdpic code have slightly
different code to figure out which VMAs should be dumped, and if so,
whether the dump should contain the entire VMA or just its first page.

Eliminate duplicate code by reworking the binfmt_elf version into a generic
core dumping helper in coredump.c.

As part of that, change the heuristic for detecting executable/library
header pages to check whether the inode is executable instead of looking at
the file mode.
This is less problematic in terms of locking because it lets us avoid
get_user() under the mmap_sem. (And arguably it looks nicer and makes more
sense in generic code.)

Adjust a little bit based on the binfmt_elf_fdpic version:
->anon_vma is only meaningful under CONFIG_MMU, otherwise we have to assume
that the VMA has been written to.

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---
 fs/binfmt_elf.c          | 120 ---------------------------------------
 fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c    |  83 ++-------------------------
 fs/coredump.c            | 101 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/coredump.h |   1 +
 4 files changed, 106 insertions(+), 199 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf.c b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
index 5fd11a25d320..03478005a128 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
@@ -1389,126 +1389,6 @@ static int load_elf_library(struct file *file)
  * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@sw.oz.au>
  */
 
-/*
- * The purpose of always_dump_vma() is to make sure that special kernel mappings
- * that are useful for post-mortem analysis are included in every core dump.
- * In that way we ensure that the core dump is fully interpretable later
- * without matching up the same kernel and hardware config to see what PC values
- * meant. These special mappings include - vDSO, vsyscall, and other
- * architecture specific mappings
- */
-static bool always_dump_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
-{
-	/* Any vsyscall mappings? */
-	if (vma == get_gate_vma(vma->vm_mm))
-		return true;
-
-	/*
-	 * Assume that all vmas with a .name op should always be dumped.
-	 * If this changes, a new vm_ops field can easily be added.
-	 */
-	if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->name && vma->vm_ops->name(vma))
-		return true;
-
-	/*
-	 * arch_vma_name() returns non-NULL for special architecture mappings,
-	 * such as vDSO sections.
-	 */
-	if (arch_vma_name(vma))
-		return true;
-
-	return false;
-}
-
-/*
- * Decide what to dump of a segment, part, all or none.
- */
-static unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
-				   unsigned long mm_flags)
-{
-#define FILTER(type)	(mm_flags & (1UL << MMF_DUMP_##type))
-
-	/* always dump the vdso and vsyscall sections */
-	if (always_dump_vma(vma))
-		goto whole;
-
-	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DONTDUMP)
-		return 0;
-
-	/* support for DAX */
-	if (vma_is_dax(vma)) {
-		if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(DAX_SHARED))
-			goto whole;
-		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(DAX_PRIVATE))
-			goto whole;
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* Hugetlb memory check */
-	if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
-		if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_SHARED))
-			goto whole;
-		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_PRIVATE))
-			goto whole;
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* Do not dump I/O mapped devices or special mappings */
-	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_IO)
-		return 0;
-
-	/* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
-	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
-		if (file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_nlink == 0 ?
-		    FILTER(ANON_SHARED) : FILTER(MAPPED_SHARED))
-			goto whole;
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* Dump segments that have been written to.  */
-	if (vma->anon_vma && FILTER(ANON_PRIVATE))
-		goto whole;
-	if (vma->vm_file == NULL)
-		return 0;
-
-	if (FILTER(MAPPED_PRIVATE))
-		goto whole;
-
-	/*
-	 * If this looks like the beginning of a DSO or executable mapping,
-	 * check for an ELF header.  If we find one, dump the first page to
-	 * aid in determining what was mapped here.
-	 */
-	if (FILTER(ELF_HEADERS) &&
-	    vma->vm_pgoff == 0 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
-		u32 __user *header = (u32 __user *) vma->vm_start;
-		u32 word;
-		/*
-		 * Doing it this way gets the constant folded by GCC.
-		 */
-		union {
-			u32 cmp;
-			char elfmag[SELFMAG];
-		} magic;
-		BUILD_BUG_ON(SELFMAG != sizeof word);
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG0] = ELFMAG0;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG1] = ELFMAG1;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG2] = ELFMAG2;
-		magic.elfmag[EI_MAG3] = ELFMAG3;
-		if (unlikely(get_user(word, header)))
-			word = 0;
-		if (word == magic.cmp)
-			return PAGE_SIZE;
-	}
-
-#undef	FILTER
-
-	return 0;
-
-whole:
-	return vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
-}
-
 /* An ELF note in memory */
 struct memelfnote
 {
diff --git a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
index 76e8c0defdc8..f531c6198864 100644
--- a/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
+++ b/fs/binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
@@ -1215,76 +1215,6 @@ struct elf_prstatus_fdpic
 	int pr_fpvalid;		/* True if math co-processor being used.  */
 };
 
-/*
- * Decide whether a segment is worth dumping; default is yes to be
- * sure (missing info is worse than too much; etc).
- * Personally I'd include everything, and use the coredump limit...
- *
- * I think we should skip something. But I am not sure how. H.J.
- */
-static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
-{
-	int dump_ok;
-
-	/* Do not dump I/O mapped devices or special mappings */
-	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_IO) {
-		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: no (IO)", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags);
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* If we may not read the contents, don't allow us to dump
-	 * them either. "dump_write()" can't handle it anyway.
-	 */
-	if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
-		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: no (!read)", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags);
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* support for DAX */
-	if (vma_is_dax(vma)) {
-		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
-			dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_DAX_SHARED, &mm_flags);
-			kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (DAX shared)", vma->vm_start,
-			       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		} else {
-			dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_DAX_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
-			kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (DAX private)", vma->vm_start,
-			       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		}
-		return dump_ok;
-	}
-
-	/* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
-	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
-		if (file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_nlink == 0) {
-			dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED, &mm_flags);
-			kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
-			       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-			return dump_ok;
-		}
-
-		dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_SHARED, &mm_flags);
-		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
-		       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		return dump_ok;
-	}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
-	/* By default, if it hasn't been written to, don't write it out */
-	if (!vma->anon_vma) {
-		dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
-		kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (!anon)", vma->vm_start,
-		       vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-		return dump_ok;
-	}
-#endif
-
-	dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
-	kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags,
-	       dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
-	return dump_ok;
-}
-
 /* An ELF note in memory */
 struct memelfnote
 {
@@ -1529,13 +1459,9 @@ static bool elf_fdpic_dump_segments(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 
 	for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
-		unsigned long addr;
-
-		if (!maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags))
-			continue;
+		unsigned long size = vma_dump_size(vma, cprm->mm_flags);
 
-		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, vma->vm_start,
-				     vma->vma_end - vma->vm_start))
+		if (!dump_user_range(cprm, vma->vm_start, size))
 			return false;
 	}
 	return true;
@@ -1547,8 +1473,7 @@ static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(unsigned long mm_flags)
 	size_t size = 0;
 
 	for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next)
-		if (maydump(vma, mm_flags))
-			size += vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+		size += vma_dump_size(vma, mm_flags);
 	return size;
 }
 
@@ -1694,7 +1619,7 @@ static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 		phdr.p_offset = offset;
 		phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vm_start;
 		phdr.p_paddr = 0;
-		phdr.p_filesz = maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags) ? sz : 0;
+		phdr.p_filesz = vma_dump_size(vma, cprm->mm_flags);
 		phdr.p_memsz = sz;
 		offset += phdr.p_filesz;
 		phdr.p_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PF_R : 0;
diff --git a/fs/coredump.c b/fs/coredump.c
index 6042d15acd51..4ef4c49a65b7 100644
--- a/fs/coredump.c
+++ b/fs/coredump.c
@@ -936,3 +936,104 @@ void dump_truncate(struct coredump_params *cprm)
 	}
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_truncate);
+
+/*
+ * The purpose of always_dump_vma() is to make sure that special kernel mappings
+ * that are useful for post-mortem analysis are included in every core dump.
+ * In that way we ensure that the core dump is fully interpretable later
+ * without matching up the same kernel and hardware config to see what PC values
+ * meant. These special mappings include - vDSO, vsyscall, and other
+ * architecture specific mappings
+ */
+static bool always_dump_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	/* Any vsyscall mappings? */
+	if (vma == get_gate_vma(vma->vm_mm))
+		return true;
+
+	/*
+	 * Assume that all vmas with a .name op should always be dumped.
+	 * If this changes, a new vm_ops field can easily be added.
+	 */
+	if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->name && vma->vm_ops->name(vma))
+		return true;
+
+	/*
+	 * arch_vma_name() returns non-NULL for special architecture mappings,
+	 * such as vDSO sections.
+	 */
+	if (arch_vma_name(vma))
+		return true;
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Decide how much of @vma's contents should be included in a core dump.
+ */
+unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
+{
+#define FILTER(type)	(mm_flags & (1UL << MMF_DUMP_##type))
+
+	/* always dump the vdso and vsyscall sections */
+	if (always_dump_vma(vma))
+		goto whole;
+
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DONTDUMP)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* support for DAX */
+	if (vma_is_dax(vma)) {
+		if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(DAX_SHARED))
+			goto whole;
+		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(DAX_PRIVATE))
+			goto whole;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Hugetlb memory check */
+	if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) {
+		if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_SHARED))
+			goto whole;
+		if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && FILTER(HUGETLB_PRIVATE))
+			goto whole;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Do not dump I/O mapped devices or special mappings */
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_IO)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
+		if (file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_nlink == 0 ?
+		    FILTER(ANON_SHARED) : FILTER(MAPPED_SHARED))
+			goto whole;
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Dump segments that have been written to.  */
+	if ((!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU) || vma->anon_vma) && FILTER(ANON_PRIVATE))
+		goto whole;
+	if (vma->vm_file == NULL)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (FILTER(MAPPED_PRIVATE))
+		goto whole;
+
+	/*
+	 * If this is the beginning of an executable file mapping,
+	 * dump the first page to aid in determining what was mapped here.
+	 */
+	if (FILTER(ELF_HEADERS) &&
+	    vma->vm_pgoff == 0 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_READ) &&
+	    (READ_ONCE(file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_mode) & 0111) != 0)
+		return PAGE_SIZE;
+
+#undef	FILTER
+
+	return 0;
+
+whole:
+	return vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/coredump.h b/include/linux/coredump.h
index f0b71a74d0bc..bfecb8d79a7f 100644
--- a/include/linux/coredump.h
+++ b/include/linux/coredump.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ extern int dump_skip(struct coredump_params *cprm, size_t nr);
 extern int dump_emit(struct coredump_params *cprm, const void *addr, int nr);
 extern int dump_align(struct coredump_params *cprm, int align);
 extern void dump_truncate(struct coredump_params *cprm);
+unsigned long vma_dump_size(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags);
 int dump_user_range(struct coredump_params *cprm, unsigned long start,
 		    unsigned long len);
 #ifdef CONFIG_COREDUMP
-- 
2.28.0.297.g1956fa8f8d-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-08-27 11:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-27 11:49 [PATCH v5 0/7] Fix ELF / FDPIC ELF core dumping, and use mmap_lock properly in there Jann Horn
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 1/7] binfmt_elf_fdpic: Stop using dump_emit() on user pointers on !MMU Jann Horn
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 2/7] coredump: Let dump_emit() bail out on short writes Jann Horn
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 3/7] coredump: Refactor page range dumping into common helper Jann Horn
2020-08-27 11:49 ` Jann Horn [this message]
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 5/7] binfmt_elf, binfmt_elf_fdpic: Use a VMA list snapshot Jann Horn
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 6/7] mm/gup: Take mmap_lock in get_dump_page() Jann Horn
2020-08-27 17:13   ` Linus Torvalds
2020-08-27 11:49 ` [PATCH v5 7/7] mm: Remove the now-unnecessary mmget_still_valid() hack Jann Horn
2020-08-31  6:06   ` Hugh Dickins
2020-08-31  9:58     ` Jann Horn
2020-08-31 20:36       ` Hugh Dickins
2020-08-31 21:30       ` Hugh Dickins
2020-08-27 17:15 ` [PATCH v5 0/7] Fix ELF / FDPIC ELF core dumping, and use mmap_lock properly in there Linus Torvalds

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200827114932.3572699-5-jannh@google.com \
    --to=jannh@google.com \
    --cc=akpm@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=ebiederm@xmission.com \
    --cc=hch@lst.de \
    --cc=linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-mm@kvack.org \
    --cc=oleg@redhat.com \
    --cc=torvalds@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v5 4/7] coredump: Rework elf/elf_fdpic vma_dump_size() into common helper' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).