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* [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users
@ 2020-08-31  1:45 Qian Cai
  2020-08-31 15:48 ` Eric Sandeen
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Qian Cai @ 2020-08-31  1:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: darrick.wong; +Cc: hch, linux-xfs, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, Qian Cai

It is trivial to trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) in iomap_dio_actor() by
unprivileged users which would taint the kernel, or worse - panic if
panic_on_warn or panic_on_taint is set. Hence, just convert it to
pr_warn_ratelimited() to let users know their workloads are racing.
Thanks Dave Chinner for the initial analysis of the racing reproducers.

Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
---

v2: Record the path, pid and command as well.

 fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
index c1aafb2ab990..66a4502ef675 100644
--- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
+++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
@@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
 		void *data, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap)
 {
 	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;
+	char pathname[128], *path;
 
 	switch (iomap->type) {
 	case IOMAP_HOLE:
@@ -389,7 +390,21 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
 	case IOMAP_INLINE:
 		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
 	default:
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+		/*
+		 * DIO is not serialised against mmap() access at all, and so
+		 * if the page_mkwrite occurs between the writeback and the
+		 * iomap_apply() call in the DIO path, then it will see the
+		 * DELALLOC block that the page-mkwrite allocated.
+		 */
+		path = file_path(dio->iocb->ki_filp, pathname,
+				 sizeof(pathname));
+		if (IS_ERR(path))
+			path = "(unknown)";
+
+		pr_warn_ratelimited("page_mkwrite() is racing with DIO read (iomap->type = %u).\n"
+				    "File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n",
+				    iomap->type, path, current->pid,
+				    current->comm);
 		return -EIO;
 	}
 }
-- 
2.18.4


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users
  2020-08-31  1:45 [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users Qian Cai
@ 2020-08-31 15:48 ` Eric Sandeen
  2020-08-31 15:56   ` Darrick J. Wong
  2020-08-31 16:01   ` Qian Cai
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Eric Sandeen @ 2020-08-31 15:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Qian Cai, darrick.wong; +Cc: hch, linux-xfs, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel

On 8/30/20 8:45 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
> It is trivial to trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) in iomap_dio_actor() by
> unprivileged users which would taint the kernel, or worse - panic if
> panic_on_warn or panic_on_taint is set. Hence, just convert it to
> pr_warn_ratelimited() to let users know their workloads are racing.
> Thanks Dave Chinner for the initial analysis of the racing reproducers.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
> ---
> 
> v2: Record the path, pid and command as well.
> 
>  fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> index c1aafb2ab990..66a4502ef675 100644
> --- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> +++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> @@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
>  		void *data, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap)
>  {
>  	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;
> +	char pathname[128], *path;
>  
>  	switch (iomap->type) {
>  	case IOMAP_HOLE:
> @@ -389,7 +390,21 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
>  	case IOMAP_INLINE:
>  		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
>  	default:
> -		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);

It seems like we should explicitly catch IOMAP_DELALLOC for this case, and leave the
default: as a WARN_ON that is not user-triggerable? i.e.

case IOMAP_DELALLOC:
	<all the fancy warnings>
	return -EIO;
default:
	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
	return -EIO;

> +		/*
> +		 * DIO is not serialised against mmap() access at all, and so
> +		 * if the page_mkwrite occurs between the writeback and the
> +		 * iomap_apply() call in the DIO path, then it will see the
> +		 * DELALLOC block that the page-mkwrite allocated.
> +		 */
> +		path = file_path(dio->iocb->ki_filp, pathname,
> +				 sizeof(pathname));
> +		if (IS_ERR(path))
> +			path = "(unknown)";
> +
> +		pr_warn_ratelimited("page_mkwrite() is racing with DIO read (iomap->type = %u).\n"
> +				    "File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n",
> +				    iomap->type, path, current->pid,
> +				    current->comm);

This is very specific ...

Do we know that mmap/page_mkwrite is (and will always be) the only way to reach this
point?

It seems to me that this message won't be very useful for the admin; "pg_mkwrite" may
mean something to us, but doubtful for the general public.  And "type = 1" won't mean
much to the reader, either.

Maybe something like:

"DIO encountered delayed allocation block, racing buffered+direct? File: %s Comm: %.20s\n"

It just seems that a user-facing warning should be something the admin has a chance of
acting on without needing to file a bug for analysis by the developers.

(though TBH "delayed allocation" probably doesn't mean much to the admin, either)

-Eric

>  		return -EIO;
>  	}
>  }
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users
  2020-08-31 15:48 ` Eric Sandeen
@ 2020-08-31 15:56   ` Darrick J. Wong
  2020-08-31 16:13     ` Eric Sandeen
  2020-08-31 16:01   ` Qian Cai
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 5+ messages in thread
From: Darrick J. Wong @ 2020-08-31 15:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Sandeen; +Cc: Qian Cai, hch, linux-xfs, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel

On Mon, Aug 31, 2020 at 10:48:59AM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 8/30/20 8:45 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
> > It is trivial to trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) in iomap_dio_actor() by
> > unprivileged users which would taint the kernel, or worse - panic if
> > panic_on_warn or panic_on_taint is set. Hence, just convert it to
> > pr_warn_ratelimited() to let users know their workloads are racing.
> > Thanks Dave Chinner for the initial analysis of the racing reproducers.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
> > ---
> > 
> > v2: Record the path, pid and command as well.
> > 
> >  fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > index c1aafb2ab990..66a4502ef675 100644
> > --- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > +++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > @@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
> >  		void *data, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap)
> >  {
> >  	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;
> > +	char pathname[128], *path;
> >  
> >  	switch (iomap->type) {
> >  	case IOMAP_HOLE:
> > @@ -389,7 +390,21 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
> >  	case IOMAP_INLINE:
> >  		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
> >  	default:
> > -		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> 
> It seems like we should explicitly catch IOMAP_DELALLOC for this case, and leave the
> default: as a WARN_ON that is not user-triggerable? i.e.
> 
> case IOMAP_DELALLOC:
> 	<all the fancy warnings>
> 	return -EIO;
> default:
> 	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> 	return -EIO;
> 
> > +		/*
> > +		 * DIO is not serialised against mmap() access at all, and so
> > +		 * if the page_mkwrite occurs between the writeback and the
> > +		 * iomap_apply() call in the DIO path, then it will see the
> > +		 * DELALLOC block that the page-mkwrite allocated.
> > +		 */
> > +		path = file_path(dio->iocb->ki_filp, pathname,
> > +				 sizeof(pathname));
> > +		if (IS_ERR(path))
> > +			path = "(unknown)";
> > +
> > +		pr_warn_ratelimited("page_mkwrite() is racing with DIO read (iomap->type = %u).\n"
> > +				    "File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n",
> > +				    iomap->type, path, current->pid,
> > +				    current->comm);
> 
> This is very specific ...
> 
> Do we know that mmap/page_mkwrite is (and will always be) the only way to reach this
> point?
> 
> It seems to me that this message won't be very useful for the admin; "pg_mkwrite" may
> mean something to us, but doubtful for the general public.  And "type = 1" won't mean
> much to the reader, either.
> 
> Maybe something like:
> 
> "DIO encountered delayed allocation block, racing buffered+direct? File: %s Comm: %.20s\n"
> 
> It just seems that a user-facing warning should be something the admin has a chance of
> acting on without needing to file a bug for analysis by the developers.
> 
> (though TBH "delayed allocation" probably doesn't mean much to the admin, either)

/me suggests

"Direct I/O collision with buffered write!  File: %s..."?

I concede that we ought to leave the nastier WARN for the default
case since there are no other IOMAP_ types and so any other code is
a sign of a serious screwup.

--D

> 
> -Eric
> 
> >  		return -EIO;
> >  	}
> >  }
> > 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users
  2020-08-31 15:48 ` Eric Sandeen
  2020-08-31 15:56   ` Darrick J. Wong
@ 2020-08-31 16:01   ` Qian Cai
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Qian Cai @ 2020-08-31 16:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Sandeen; +Cc: darrick.wong, hch, linux-xfs, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel

On Mon, Aug 31, 2020 at 10:48:59AM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
> On 8/30/20 8:45 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
> > It is trivial to trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) in iomap_dio_actor() by
> > unprivileged users which would taint the kernel, or worse - panic if
> > panic_on_warn or panic_on_taint is set. Hence, just convert it to
> > pr_warn_ratelimited() to let users know their workloads are racing.
> > Thanks Dave Chinner for the initial analysis of the racing reproducers.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
> > ---
> > 
> > v2: Record the path, pid and command as well.
> > 
> >  fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > index c1aafb2ab990..66a4502ef675 100644
> > --- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > +++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
> > @@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
> >  		void *data, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap)
> >  {
> >  	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;
> > +	char pathname[128], *path;
> >  
> >  	switch (iomap->type) {
> >  	case IOMAP_HOLE:
> > @@ -389,7 +390,21 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
> >  	case IOMAP_INLINE:
> >  		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
> >  	default:
> > -		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> 
> It seems like we should explicitly catch IOMAP_DELALLOC for this case, and leave the
> default: as a WARN_ON that is not user-triggerable? i.e.
> 
> case IOMAP_DELALLOC:
> 	<all the fancy warnings>
> 	return -EIO;
> default:
> 	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> 	return -EIO;
> 
> > +		/*
> > +		 * DIO is not serialised against mmap() access at all, and so
> > +		 * if the page_mkwrite occurs between the writeback and the
> > +		 * iomap_apply() call in the DIO path, then it will see the
> > +		 * DELALLOC block that the page-mkwrite allocated.
> > +		 */
> > +		path = file_path(dio->iocb->ki_filp, pathname,
> > +				 sizeof(pathname));
> > +		if (IS_ERR(path))
> > +			path = "(unknown)";
> > +
> > +		pr_warn_ratelimited("page_mkwrite() is racing with DIO read (iomap->type = %u).\n"
> > +				    "File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n",
> > +				    iomap->type, path, current->pid,
> > +				    current->comm);
> 
> This is very specific ...
> 
> Do we know that mmap/page_mkwrite is (and will always be) the only way to reach this
> point?

I don't know, so this could indeed be a bit misleading.

> 
> It seems to me that this message won't be very useful for the admin; "pg_mkwrite" may
> mean something to us, but doubtful for the general public.  And "type = 1" won't mean
> much to the reader, either.
> 
> Maybe something like:
> 
> "DIO encountered delayed allocation block, racing buffered+direct? File: %s Comm: %.20s\n"
> 
> It just seems that a user-facing warning should be something the admin has a chance of
> acting on without needing to file a bug for analysis by the developers.
> 
> (though TBH "delayed allocation" probably doesn't mean much to the admin, either)

I agree with your suggestions. I'll submit a new version.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users
  2020-08-31 15:56   ` Darrick J. Wong
@ 2020-08-31 16:13     ` Eric Sandeen
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Eric Sandeen @ 2020-08-31 16:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Darrick J. Wong; +Cc: Qian Cai, hch, linux-xfs, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel



On 8/31/20 10:56 AM, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 31, 2020 at 10:48:59AM -0500, Eric Sandeen wrote:
>> On 8/30/20 8:45 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
>>> It is trivial to trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(1) in iomap_dio_actor() by
>>> unprivileged users which would taint the kernel, or worse - panic if
>>> panic_on_warn or panic_on_taint is set. Hence, just convert it to
>>> pr_warn_ratelimited() to let users know their workloads are racing.
>>> Thanks Dave Chinner for the initial analysis of the racing reproducers.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
>>> ---
>>>
>>> v2: Record the path, pid and command as well.
>>>
>>>  fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
>>>  1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
>>> index c1aafb2ab990..66a4502ef675 100644
>>> --- a/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
>>> +++ b/fs/iomap/direct-io.c
>>> @@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
>>>  		void *data, struct iomap *iomap, struct iomap *srcmap)
>>>  {
>>>  	struct iomap_dio *dio = data;
>>> +	char pathname[128], *path;
>>>  
>>>  	switch (iomap->type) {
>>>  	case IOMAP_HOLE:
>>> @@ -389,7 +390,21 @@ iomap_dio_actor(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, loff_t length,
>>>  	case IOMAP_INLINE:
>>>  		return iomap_dio_inline_actor(inode, pos, length, dio, iomap);
>>>  	default:
>>> -		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
>>
>> It seems like we should explicitly catch IOMAP_DELALLOC for this case, and leave the
>> default: as a WARN_ON that is not user-triggerable? i.e.
>>
>> case IOMAP_DELALLOC:
>> 	<all the fancy warnings>
>> 	return -EIO;
>> default:
>> 	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
>> 	return -EIO;
>>
>>> +		/*
>>> +		 * DIO is not serialised against mmap() access at all, and so
>>> +		 * if the page_mkwrite occurs between the writeback and the
>>> +		 * iomap_apply() call in the DIO path, then it will see the
>>> +		 * DELALLOC block that the page-mkwrite allocated.
>>> +		 */
>>> +		path = file_path(dio->iocb->ki_filp, pathname,
>>> +				 sizeof(pathname));
>>> +		if (IS_ERR(path))
>>> +			path = "(unknown)";
>>> +
>>> +		pr_warn_ratelimited("page_mkwrite() is racing with DIO read (iomap->type = %u).\n"
>>> +				    "File: %s PID: %d Comm: %.20s\n",
>>> +				    iomap->type, path, current->pid,
>>> +				    current->comm);
>>
>> This is very specific ...
>>
>> Do we know that mmap/page_mkwrite is (and will always be) the only way to reach this
>> point?
>>
>> It seems to me that this message won't be very useful for the admin; "pg_mkwrite" may
>> mean something to us, but doubtful for the general public.  And "type = 1" won't mean
>> much to the reader, either.
>>
>> Maybe something like:
>>
>> "DIO encountered delayed allocation block, racing buffered+direct? File: %s Comm: %.20s\n"
>>
>> It just seems that a user-facing warning should be something the admin has a chance of
>> acting on without needing to file a bug for analysis by the developers.
>>
>> (though TBH "delayed allocation" probably doesn't mean much to the admin, either)
> 
> /me suggests
> 
> "Direct I/O collision with buffered write!  File: %s..."?

Sure, that sounds good to me.  Terser is better.

> I concede that we ought to leave the nastier WARN for the default
> case since there are no other IOMAP_ types and so any other code is
> a sign of a serious screwup.

*nod* thanks.

-Eric


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-08-31 16:13 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-08-31  1:45 [PATCH v2] iomap: Fix WARN_ON_ONCE() from unprivileged users Qian Cai
2020-08-31 15:48 ` Eric Sandeen
2020-08-31 15:56   ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-08-31 16:13     ` Eric Sandeen
2020-08-31 16:01   ` Qian Cai

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