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* [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
@ 2020-08-21  1:59 Hao Li
  2020-08-21 17:40 ` Ira Weiny
  2020-08-27  6:37 ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Hao Li @ 2020-08-21  1:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: viro; +Cc: linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, lihao2018.fnst, y-goto

Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
take effects unless dropping caches manually.

This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
for evicting it.

Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
---
 fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
 fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
 	 */
 	smp_rmb();
 	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
-	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
+	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
+			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
 
 	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
 	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
--- a/fs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/inode.c
@@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
 	}
 
 	state = inode->i_state;
-	if (!drop) {
+	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
 		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
 		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
 
-- 
2.28.0




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-21  1:59 [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set Hao Li
@ 2020-08-21 17:40 ` Ira Weiny
  2020-08-23  6:54   ` Ira Weiny
  2020-08-27  6:37 ` Dave Chinner
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Ira Weiny @ 2020-08-21 17:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Hao Li; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> 
> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> for evicting it.

This looks intriguing and I really hope this helps but I don't think this will
guarantee that the state changes immediately will it?

Do you have a test case which fails before and passes after?  Perhaps one of
the new xfstests submitted by Xiao?

Ira

> 
> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> --- a/fs/dcache.c
> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>  	 */
>  	smp_rmb();
>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
>  
>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> --- a/fs/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/inode.c
> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>  	}
>  
>  	state = inode->i_state;
> -	if (!drop) {
> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
>  
> -- 
> 2.28.0
> 
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-21 17:40 ` Ira Weiny
@ 2020-08-23  6:54   ` Ira Weiny
  2020-08-24  6:17     ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Ira Weiny @ 2020-08-23  6:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Hao Li; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 10:40:41AM -0700, 'Ira Weiny' wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> > Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> > set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> > the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> > take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> > 
> > This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> > for evicting it.
> 
> This looks intriguing and I really hope this helps but I don't think this will
> guarantee that the state changes immediately will it?
> 
> Do you have a test case which fails before and passes after?  Perhaps one of
> the new xfstests submitted by Xiao?

Ok I just went back and read your comment before.[1]  Sorry for being a bit
slow on the correlation between this patch and that email.  (BTW, I think it
would have been good to put those examples in the commit message and or
reference that example.)  I'm assuming that with this patch example 2 from [1]
works without a drop_cache _if_ no other task has the file open?

Anyway, with that explanation I think you are correct that this improves the
situation _if_ the only references on the file is controlled by the user and
they have indeed closed all of them.

The code for DCACHE_DONTCACHE as I attempted to write it was that it should
have prevented further caching of the inode such that the inode would evict
sooner.  But it seems you have found a bug/optimization?

In the end, however, if another user (such as a backup running by the admin)
has a reference the DAX change may still be delayed.  So I'm thinking the
documentation should remain largely as is?  But perhaps I am wrong.  Does this
completely remove the need for a drop_caches or only in the example you gave?
Since I'm not a FS expert I'm still not sure.

Regardless, thanks for the fixup!  :-D
Ira

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-xfs/ba98b77e-a806-048a-a0dc-ca585677daf3@cn.fujitsu.com/

> 
> Ira
> 
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
> >  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
> >  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> > index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> > --- a/fs/dcache.c
> > +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> > @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
> >  	 */
> >  	smp_rmb();
> >  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> > -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> > +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> > +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
> >  
> >  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
> >  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> > diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> > index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> > --- a/fs/inode.c
> > +++ b/fs/inode.c
> > @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
> >  	}
> >  
> >  	state = inode->i_state;
> > -	if (!drop) {
> > +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
> >  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
> >  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> >  
> > -- 
> > 2.28.0
> > 
> > 
> > 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-23  6:54   ` Ira Weiny
@ 2020-08-24  6:17     ` Li, Hao
  2020-08-26 10:06       ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Li, Hao @ 2020-08-24  6:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ira Weiny; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On 2020/8/23 14:54, Ira Weiny wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 10:40:41AM -0700, 'Ira Weiny' wrote:
>> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
>>> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
>>> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
>>> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
>>> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
>>>
>>> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
>>> for evicting it.
>> This looks intriguing and I really hope this helps but I don't think this will
>> guarantee that the state changes immediately will it?
>>
>> Do you have a test case which fails before and passes after?  Perhaps one of
>> the new xfstests submitted by Xiao?
> Ok I just went back and read your comment before.[1]  Sorry for being a bit
> slow on the correlation between this patch and that email.  (BTW, I think it
> would have been good to put those examples in the commit message and or
> reference that example.)

Thanks for your advice. I will add those examples in v2 after further
discussion of this patch.

> I'm assuming that with this patch example 2 from [1]
> works without a drop_cache _if_ no other task has the file open?

Yes. If no other task is opening the file, the inode and page cache of this
file will be dropped during xfs_io exiting process. There is no need to run
echo 2 > drop_caches.

> Anyway, with that explanation I think you are correct that this improves the
> situation _if_ the only references on the file is controlled by the user and
> they have indeed closed all of them.
>
> The code for DCACHE_DONTCACHE as I attempted to write it was that it should
> have prevented further caching of the inode such that the inode would evict
> sooner.  But it seems you have found a bug/optimization?

Yes. This patch is an optimization and can also be treated as a bugfix.
On the other side, even though this patch can make DCACHE_DONTCACHE more
reasonable, I am not quite sure if my approach is safe and doesn't impact
the fs performance. I hope the community can give me more advice.

> In the end, however, if another user (such as a backup running by the admin)
> has a reference the DAX change may still be delayed.

Yes. In this situation, neither drop_caches approach nor this patch can make
the DAX change take effects soon.
Moreover, things are different if the backup task exits, this patch
will make sure the inode and page cache of the file can be dropped
_automatically_ without manual intervention. By contrast, the original
approach needs a manual cache dropping.

> So I'm thinking the
> documentation should remain largely as is?  But perhaps I am wrong.  Does this
> completely remove the need for a drop_caches or only in the example you gave?

I think the contents related to drop_caches in documentation can be removed
if this patch's approach is acceptable.

> Since I'm not a FS expert I'm still not sure.

Frankly, I'm not an expert either, so I hope this patch can be discussed
further in case it has side effects.

Thanks,
Hao Li

>
> Regardless, thanks for the fixup!  :-D
> Ira
>
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-xfs/ba98b77e-a806-048a-a0dc-ca585677daf3@cn.fujitsu.com/
>
>> Ira
>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>> ---
>>>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>>>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>>>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
>>> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
>>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
>>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
>>> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>>>  	 */
>>>  	smp_rmb();
>>>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
>>> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
>>> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
>>> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
>>>  
>>>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>>>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
>>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
>>> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
>>> --- a/fs/inode.c
>>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
>>> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>>>  	}
>>>  
>>>  	state = inode->i_state;
>>> -	if (!drop) {
>>> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>>>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>>>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
>>>  
>>> -- 
>>> 2.28.0
>>>
>>>
>>>
>




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-24  6:17     ` Li, Hao
@ 2020-08-26 10:06       ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Li, Hao @ 2020-08-26 10:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ira Weiny
  Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto, Dave Chinner,
	darrick.wong, linux-xfs, linux-nvdimm

Hello,

CC to Dave, darrick.wong and xfs/nvdimm list to get more discussions.

Thanks.
Hao Li

On 2020/8/24 14:17, Li, Hao wrote:
> On 2020/8/23 14:54, Ira Weiny wrote:
>> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 10:40:41AM -0700, 'Ira Weiny' wrote:
>>> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
>>>> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
>>>> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
>>>> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
>>>> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
>>>>
>>>> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
>>>> for evicting it.
>>> This looks intriguing and I really hope this helps but I don't think this will
>>> guarantee that the state changes immediately will it?
>>>
>>> Do you have a test case which fails before and passes after?  Perhaps one of
>>> the new xfstests submitted by Xiao?
>> Ok I just went back and read your comment before.[1]  Sorry for being a bit
>> slow on the correlation between this patch and that email.  (BTW, I think it
>> would have been good to put those examples in the commit message and or
>> reference that example.)
> Thanks for your advice. I will add those examples in v2 after further
> discussion of this patch.
>
>> I'm assuming that with this patch example 2 from [1]
>> works without a drop_cache _if_ no other task has the file open?
> Yes. If no other task is opening the file, the inode and page cache of this
> file will be dropped during xfs_io exiting process. There is no need to run
> echo 2 > drop_caches.
>
>> Anyway, with that explanation I think you are correct that this improves the
>> situation _if_ the only references on the file is controlled by the user and
>> they have indeed closed all of them.
>>
>> The code for DCACHE_DONTCACHE as I attempted to write it was that it should
>> have prevented further caching of the inode such that the inode would evict
>> sooner.  But it seems you have found a bug/optimization?
> Yes. This patch is an optimization and can also be treated as a bugfix.
> On the other side, even though this patch can make DCACHE_DONTCACHE more
> reasonable, I am not quite sure if my approach is safe and doesn't impact
> the fs performance. I hope the community can give me more advice.
>
>> In the end, however, if another user (such as a backup running by the admin)
>> has a reference the DAX change may still be delayed.
> Yes. In this situation, neither drop_caches approach nor this patch can make
> the DAX change take effects soon.
> Moreover, things are different if the backup task exits, this patch
> will make sure the inode and page cache of the file can be dropped
> _automatically_ without manual intervention. By contrast, the original
> approach needs a manual cache dropping.
>
>> So I'm thinking the
>> documentation should remain largely as is?  But perhaps I am wrong.  Does this
>> completely remove the need for a drop_caches or only in the example you gave?
> I think the contents related to drop_caches in documentation can be removed
> if this patch's approach is acceptable.
>
>> Since I'm not a FS expert I'm still not sure.
> Frankly, I'm not an expert either, so I hope this patch can be discussed
> further in case it has side effects.
>
> Thanks,
> Hao Li
>
>> Regardless, thanks for the fixup!  :-D
>> Ira
>>
>> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-xfs/ba98b77e-a806-048a-a0dc-ca585677daf3@cn.fujitsu.com/
>>
>>> Ira
>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>>>>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>>>>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
>>>> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
>>>> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>>>>  	 */
>>>>  	smp_rmb();
>>>>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
>>>> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
>>>> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
>>>> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
>>>>  
>>>>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>>>>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
>>>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
>>>> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/inode.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
>>>> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>>>>  	}
>>>>  
>>>>  	state = inode->i_state;
>>>> -	if (!drop) {
>>>> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>>>>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>>>>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
>>>>  
>>>> -- 
>>>> 2.28.0
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>
>




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-21  1:59 [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set Hao Li
  2020-08-21 17:40 ` Ira Weiny
@ 2020-08-27  6:37 ` Dave Chinner
  2020-08-27  9:58   ` Li, Hao
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Dave Chinner @ 2020-08-27  6:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Hao Li; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> 
> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> for evicting it.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> --- a/fs/dcache.c
> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>  	 */
>  	smp_rmb();
>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;

Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
how this flag fits into this code....

>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> --- a/fs/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/inode.c
> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>  	}
>  
>  	state = inode->i_state;
> -	if (!drop) {
> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);

What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
filesystem is mounting or unmounting. In either case, why does
having I_DONTCACHE set require the inode to be written back here
before it is evicted from the cache?

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-27  6:37 ` Dave Chinner
@ 2020-08-27  9:58   ` Li, Hao
  2020-08-28  0:35     ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Li, Hao @ 2020-08-27  9:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Chinner; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On 2020/8/27 14:37, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
>> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
>> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
>> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
>> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
>>
>> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
>> for evicting it.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> ---
>>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
>> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
>> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>>  	 */
>>  	smp_rmb();
>>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
>> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
>> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
>> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
> Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
> how this flag fits into this code....

Yes. I will change it. Thanks.

>
>>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
>> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
>> --- a/fs/inode.c
>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
>> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>>  	}
>>  
>>  	state = inode->i_state;
>> -	if (!drop) {
>> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
> filesystem is mounting or unmounting.

The variable drop will also be set to True if I_DONTCACHE is set on
inode->i_state.
Although mounting/unmounting will set the drop variable, it won't set
I_DONTCACHE if I understand correctly. As a result,
drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) will filter out mounting/unmounting.

> In either case, why does
> having I_DONTCACHE set require the inode to be written back here
> before it is evicted from the cache?

Mounting/unmounting won't execute the code snippet which is in that if
statement, as I have explained above. However, If I_DONTCACHE is set, we
have to execute this snippet to write back inode.

I_DONTCACHE is set in d_mark_dontcache() which will be called in two
situations:
1. DAX policy is changed.
2. The inode is read through bulkstat in XFS. See commit 5132ba8f2b77
("xfs: don't cache inodes read through bulkstat") for more details.

For the first case, we have to write back the inode together with its
dirty pages before evicting.
For the second case, I think it's also necessary to write back inode before
evicting.

Thanks,
Hao Li

>
> Cheers,
>
> Dave.




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-27  9:58   ` Li, Hao
@ 2020-08-28  0:35     ` Dave Chinner
  2020-08-28  9:04       ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Dave Chinner @ 2020-08-28  0:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Li, Hao; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On Thu, Aug 27, 2020 at 05:58:07PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
> On 2020/8/27 14:37, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> >> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> >> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> >> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> >> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> >>
> >> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> >> for evicting it.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >> ---
> >>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
> >>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
> >>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> >> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> >> --- a/fs/dcache.c
> >> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> >> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
> >>  	 */
> >>  	smp_rmb();
> >>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> >> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> >> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> >> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
> > Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
> > how this flag fits into this code....
> 
> Yes. I will change it. Thanks.
> 
> >
> >>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
> >>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> >> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> >> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> >> --- a/fs/inode.c
> >> +++ b/fs/inode.c
> >> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
> >>  	}
> >>  
> >>  	state = inode->i_state;
> >> -	if (!drop) {
> >> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
> >>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
> >>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> > What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
> > filesystem is mounting or unmounting.
> 
> The variable drop will also be set to True if I_DONTCACHE is set on
> inode->i_state.
> Although mounting/unmounting will set the drop variable, it won't set
> I_DONTCACHE if I understand correctly. As a result,
> drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) will filter out mounting/unmounting.

So what does this have to do with changing the way the dcache
treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE?

Also, if I_DONTCACHE is set, but the inode has also been unlinked or
is unhashed, should we be writing it back? i.e. it might have been
dropped for a different reason to I_DONTCACHE....

IOWs, if there is a problem with how I_DONTCACHE is being handled,
then the problem must already exists regardless of the
DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour, right? So shouldn't this be a separate
bug fix with it's own explanation of the problem and the fix?

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-28  0:35     ` Dave Chinner
@ 2020-08-28  9:04       ` Li, Hao
  2020-08-31  0:34         ` Dave Chinner
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Li, Hao @ 2020-08-28  9:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Chinner; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On 2020/8/28 8:35, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 27, 2020 at 05:58:07PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
>> On 2020/8/27 14:37, Dave Chinner wrote:
>>> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
>>>> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
>>>> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
>>>> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
>>>> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
>>>>
>>>> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
>>>> for evicting it.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
>>>>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
>>>>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
>>>> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
>>>> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
>>>>  	 */
>>>>  	smp_rmb();
>>>>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
>>>> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
>>>> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
>>>> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
>>> Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
>>> how this flag fits into this code....
>> Yes. I will change it. Thanks.
>>
>>>>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
>>>>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
>>>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
>>>> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/inode.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
>>>> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
>>>>  	}
>>>>  
>>>>  	state = inode->i_state;
>>>> -	if (!drop) {
>>>> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
>>>>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
>>>>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
>>> What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
>>> filesystem is mounting or unmounting.
>> The variable drop will also be set to True if I_DONTCACHE is set on
>> inode->i_state.
>> Although mounting/unmounting will set the drop variable, it won't set
>> I_DONTCACHE if I understand correctly. As a result,
>> drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) will filter out mounting/unmounting.
> So what does this have to do with changing the way the dcache
> treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE?
After changing the way the dcache treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE, the dentry with
DCACHE_DONTCACHE set will be killed unconditionally even if
DCACHE_REFERENCED is set, and its inode will be processed by iput_final().
This inode has I_DONTCACHE flag, so op->drop_inode() will return true,
and the inode will be evicted _directly_ even though it has dirty pages.
I think the kernel will run into error state because it doesn't writeback
dirty pages of this inode before evicting. This is why I write back this
inode here.

According to my test, if I revert the second hunk of this patch, kernel
will hang after running the following command:
echo 123 > test.txt && xfs_io -c "chattr +x" test.txt

The backtrace is:

xfs_fs_destroy_inode+0x204/0x24d
destroy_inode+0x3b/0x65
evict+0x150/0x1aa
iput+0x117/0x19a
dentry_unlink_inode+0x12b/0x12f
__dentry_kill+0xee/0x211
dentry_kill+0x112/0x22f
dput+0x79/0x86
__fput+0x200/0x23f
____fput+0x25/0x28
task_work_run+0x144/0x177
do_exit+0x4fb/0xb94

This backtrace is printed with an ASSERT(0) statement in xfs_fs_destroy_inode().
>
> Also, if I_DONTCACHE is set, but the inode has also been unlinked or
> is unhashed, should we be writing it back? i.e. it might have been
> dropped for a different reason to I_DONTCACHE....
This is a problem I didn't realize. You are right. If the inode has been
unlinked/unhashed and the I_DONTCACHE is also set, the appended condition
will lead to unnecessary writeback.

I think I need to handle the inode writeback more carefully. Maybe I can
revert the second hunk and remove I_DONTCACHE from generic_drop_inode()
and then change

if (!drop && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))

to

if (!drop && !(inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))

This approach would be more suitable.
>
> IOWs, if there is a problem with how I_DONTCACHE is being handled,
> then the problem must already exists regardless of the
> DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour, right? So shouldn't this be a separate
> bug fix with it's own explanation of the problem and the fix?
I do think the way we treat I_DONTCACHE in current kernel is not suitable.
generic_drop_inode() is used to determine if the inode should be evicted
without writeback, so I_DONTCACHE shouldn't be handled in this function.
The suitable approach is illustrated above. I can submit a patch to fix
this problem if this new approach is acceptable.

Thanks,
Hao Li
> Cheers,
>
> Dave.




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-28  9:04       ` Li, Hao
@ 2020-08-31  0:34         ` Dave Chinner
  2020-08-31  9:45           ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Dave Chinner @ 2020-08-31  0:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Li, Hao; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On Fri, Aug 28, 2020 at 05:04:14PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
> On 2020/8/28 8:35, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 27, 2020 at 05:58:07PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
> >> On 2020/8/27 14:37, Dave Chinner wrote:
> >>> On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> >>>> Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> >>>> set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> >>>> the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> >>>> take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> >>>>
> >>>> This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> >>>> for evicting it.
> >>>>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> >>>> ---
> >>>>  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
> >>>>  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
> >>>>  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >>>>
> >>>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> >>>> index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> >>>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
> >>>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> >>>> @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
> >>>>  	 */
> >>>>  	smp_rmb();
> >>>>  	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> >>>> -	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> >>>> +	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> >>>> +			| DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
> >>> Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
> >>> how this flag fits into this code....
> >> Yes. I will change it. Thanks.
> >>
> >>>>  	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
> >>>>  	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> >>>> diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> >>>> index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> >>>> --- a/fs/inode.c
> >>>> +++ b/fs/inode.c
> >>>> @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
> >>>>  	}
> >>>>  
> >>>>  	state = inode->i_state;
> >>>> -	if (!drop) {
> >>>> +	if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
> >>>>  		WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
> >>>>  		spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> >>> What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
> >>> filesystem is mounting or unmounting.
> >> The variable drop will also be set to True if I_DONTCACHE is set on
> >> inode->i_state.
> >> Although mounting/unmounting will set the drop variable, it won't set
> >> I_DONTCACHE if I understand correctly. As a result,
> >> drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) will filter out mounting/unmounting.
> > So what does this have to do with changing the way the dcache
> > treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE?
> After changing the way the dcache treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE, the dentry with
> DCACHE_DONTCACHE set will be killed unconditionally even if
> DCACHE_REFERENCED is set, and its inode will be processed by iput_final().
> This inode has I_DONTCACHE flag, so op->drop_inode() will return true,
> and the inode will be evicted _directly_ even though it has dirty pages.

Yes. But this doesn't rely on DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour. Inodes
that are looked up and cached by the filesystem without going
through dentry cache pathwalks can have I_DONTCACHE set and then get
evicted...

i.e. we can get I_DONTCACHE set on inodes that do not have dentries
attached to them. That's the original functionality that got pulled
up from XFS - internal iteration of inodes, either via quotacheck or
bulkstat....

> I think the kernel will run into error state because it doesn't writeback
> dirty pages of this inode before evicting. This is why I write back this
> inode here.
> 
> According to my test, if I revert the second hunk of this patch, kernel
> will hang after running the following command:
> echo 123 > test.txt && xfs_io -c "chattr +x" test.txt
> 
> The backtrace is:
> 
> xfs_fs_destroy_inode+0x204/0x24d
> destroy_inode+0x3b/0x65
> evict+0x150/0x1aa
> iput+0x117/0x19a
> dentry_unlink_inode+0x12b/0x12f
> __dentry_kill+0xee/0x211
> dentry_kill+0x112/0x22f
> dput+0x79/0x86
> __fput+0x200/0x23f
> ____fput+0x25/0x28
> task_work_run+0x144/0x177
> do_exit+0x4fb/0xb94
> 
> This backtrace is printed with an ASSERT(0) statement in xfs_fs_destroy_inode().

Sure, that's your messenger. That doesn't mean the bug can't be
triggered by other means.

> > Also, if I_DONTCACHE is set, but the inode has also been unlinked or
> > is unhashed, should we be writing it back? i.e. it might have been
> > dropped for a different reason to I_DONTCACHE....
> This is a problem I didn't realize. You are right. If the inode has been
> unlinked/unhashed and the I_DONTCACHE is also set, the appended condition
> will lead to unnecessary writeback.
> 
> I think I need to handle the inode writeback more carefully. Maybe I can
> revert the second hunk and remove I_DONTCACHE from generic_drop_inode()
> and then change
> 
> if (!drop && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))
> 
> to
> 
> if (!drop && !(inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))
> 
> This approach would be more suitable.

Yup, that's pretty much what I was thinking, but as a standalone
patch and preceding the DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour change. Thanks! :)

Cheers,

Dave.
-- 
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
  2020-08-31  0:34         ` Dave Chinner
@ 2020-08-31  9:45           ` Li, Hao
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Li, Hao @ 2020-08-31  9:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Chinner; +Cc: viro, linux-fsdevel, linux-kernel, y-goto

On 2020/8/31 8:34, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 28, 2020 at 05:04:14PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
> > On 2020/8/28 8:35, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > > On Thu, Aug 27, 2020 at 05:58:07PM +0800, Li, Hao wrote:
> > > > On 2020/8/27 14:37, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > > > > On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 09:59:53AM +0800, Hao Li wrote:
> > > > > > Currently, DCACHE_REFERENCED prevents the dentry with DCACHE_DONTCACHE
> > > > > > set from being killed, so the corresponding inode can't be evicted. If
> > > > > > the DAX policy of an inode is changed, we can't make policy changing
> > > > > > take effects unless dropping caches manually.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > This patch fixes this problem and flushes the inode to disk to prepare
> > > > > > for evicting it.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > >  fs/dcache.c | 3 ++-
> > > > > >  fs/inode.c  | 2 +-
> > > > > >  2 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
> > > > > > index ea0485861d93..486c7409dc82 100644
> > > > > > --- a/fs/dcache.c
> > > > > > +++ b/fs/dcache.c
> > > > > > @@ -796,7 +796,8 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
> > > > > >       */
> > > > > >      smp_rmb();
> > > > > >      d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
> > > > > > -    d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> > > > > > +    d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED
> > > > > > +            | DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
> > > > > Seems reasonable, but you need to update the comment above as to
> > > > > how this flag fits into this code....
> > > > Yes. I will change it. Thanks.
> > > >
> > > > > >      /* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
> > > > > >      if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
> > > > > > diff --git a/fs/inode.c b/fs/inode.c
> > > > > > index 72c4c347afb7..5218a8aebd7f 100644
> > > > > > --- a/fs/inode.c
> > > > > > +++ b/fs/inode.c
> > > > > > @@ -1632,7 +1632,7 @@ static void iput_final(struct inode *inode)
> > > > > >      }
> > > > > >  
> > > > > >      state = inode->i_state;
> > > > > > -    if (!drop) {
> > > > > > +    if (!drop || (drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE))) {
> > > > > >          WRITE_ONCE(inode->i_state, state | I_WILL_FREE);
> > > > > >          spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
> > > > > What's this supposed to do? We'll only get here with drop set if the
> > > > > filesystem is mounting or unmounting.
> > > > The variable drop will also be set to True if I_DONTCACHE is set on
> > > > inode->i_state.
> > > > Although mounting/unmounting will set the drop variable, it won't set
> > > > I_DONTCACHE if I understand correctly. As a result,
> > > > drop && (inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) will filter out mounting/unmounting.
> > > So what does this have to do with changing the way the dcache
> > > treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE?
> > After changing the way the dcache treats DCACHE_DONTCACHE, the dentry with
> > DCACHE_DONTCACHE set will be killed unconditionally even if
> > DCACHE_REFERENCED is set, and its inode will be processed by iput_final().
> > This inode has I_DONTCACHE flag, so op->drop_inode() will return true,
> > and the inode will be evicted _directly_ even though it has dirty pages.
>
> Yes. But this doesn't rely on DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour. Inodes
> that are looked up and cached by the filesystem without going
> through dentry cache pathwalks can have I_DONTCACHE set and then get
> evicted...
>
> i.e. we can get I_DONTCACHE set on inodes that do not have dentries
> attached to them. That's the original functionality that got pulled
> up from XFS - internal iteration of inodes, either via quotacheck or
> bulkstat....

Oh, I see!

>
> > I think the kernel will run into error state because it doesn't writeback
> > dirty pages of this inode before evicting. This is why I write back this
> > inode here.
> >
> > According to my test, if I revert the second hunk of this patch, kernel
> > will hang after running the following command:
> > echo 123 > test.txt && xfs_io -c "chattr +x" test.txt
> >
> > The backtrace is:
> >
> > xfs_fs_destroy_inode+0x204/0x24d
> > destroy_inode+0x3b/0x65
> > evict+0x150/0x1aa
> > iput+0x117/0x19a
> > dentry_unlink_inode+0x12b/0x12f
> > __dentry_kill+0xee/0x211
> > dentry_kill+0x112/0x22f
> > dput+0x79/0x86
> > __fput+0x200/0x23f
> > ____fput+0x25/0x28
> > task_work_run+0x144/0x177
> > do_exit+0x4fb/0xb94
> >
> > This backtrace is printed with an ASSERT(0) statement in xfs_fs_destroy_inode().
>
> Sure, that's your messenger. That doesn't mean the bug can't be
> triggered by other means.
>
> > > Also, if I_DONTCACHE is set, but the inode has also been unlinked or
> > > is unhashed, should we be writing it back? i.e. it might have been
> > > dropped for a different reason to I_DONTCACHE....
> > This is a problem I didn't realize. You are right. If the inode has been
> > unlinked/unhashed and the I_DONTCACHE is also set, the appended condition
> > will lead to unnecessary writeback.
> >
> > I think I need to handle the inode writeback more carefully. Maybe I can
> > revert the second hunk and remove I_DONTCACHE from generic_drop_inode()
> > and then change
> >
> > if (!drop && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))
> >
> > to
> >
> > if (!drop && !(inode->i_state & I_DONTCACHE) && (sb->s_flags & SB_ACTIVE))
> >
> > This approach would be more suitable.
>
> Yup, that's pretty much what I was thinking, but as a standalone
> patch and preceding the DCACHE_DONTCACHE behaviour change. Thanks! :)

I see. I will send a new patch to fix I_DONTCACHE first.

Thanks,
Hao Li

>
> Cheers,
>
> Dave.




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
@ 2020-12-08  2:10 Hao Li
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Hao Li @ 2020-12-08  2:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: viro, torvalds; +Cc: ira.weiny, jack, linux-kernel, linux-fsdevel, linux-xfs

If DCACHE_REFERENCED is set, fast_dput() will return true, and then
retain_dentry() have no chance to check DCACHE_DONTCACHE. As a result,
the dentry won't be killed and the corresponding inode can't be evicted.
In the following example, the DAX policy can't take effects unless we
do a drop_caches manually.

  # DCACHE_LRU_LIST will be set
  echo abcdefg > test.txt

  # DCACHE_REFERENCED will be set and DCACHE_DONTCACHE can't do anything
  xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' test.txt

  # Drop caches to make DAX changing take effects
  echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

What this patch does is preventing fast_dput() from returning true if
DCACHE_DONTCACHE is set. Then retain_dentry() will detect the
DCACHE_DONTCACHE and will return false. As a result, the dentry will be
killed and the inode will be evicted. In this way, if we change per-file
DAX policy, it will take effects automatically after this file is closed
by all processes.

I also add some comments to make the code more clear.

Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
---
This patch may have been forgotten.
Original patch: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20200924055958.825515-1-lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com/

 fs/dcache.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index ea0485861d93..97e81a844a96 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -793,10 +793,17 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
 	 * a reference to the dentry and change that, but
 	 * our work is done - we can leave the dentry
 	 * around with a zero refcount.
+	 *
+	 * Nevertheless, there are two cases that we should kill
+	 * the dentry anyway.
+	 * 1. free disconnected dentries as soon as their refcount
+	 *    reached zero.
+	 * 2. free dentries if they should not be cached.
 	 */
 	smp_rmb();
 	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
-	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
+	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST |
+			DCACHE_DISCONNECTED | DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
 
 	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
 	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
-- 
2.28.0




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set
@ 2020-11-10  2:59 Hao Li
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Hao Li @ 2020-11-10  2:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: torvalds; +Cc: jack, ira.weiny, linux-kernel, linux-fsdevel, linux-xfs

If DCACHE_REFERENCED is set, fast_dput() will return true, and then
retain_dentry() have no chance to check DCACHE_DONTCACHE. As a result,
the dentry won't be killed and the corresponding inode can't be evicted.
In the following example, the DAX policy can't take effects unless we
do a drop_caches manually.

  # DCACHE_LRU_LIST will be set
  echo abcdefg > test.txt

  # DCACHE_REFERENCED will be set and DCACHE_DONTCACHE can't do anything
  xfs_io -c 'chattr +x' test.txt

  # Drop caches to make DAX changing take effects
  echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

What this patch does is preventing fast_dput() from returning true if
DCACHE_DONTCACHE is set. Then retain_dentry() will detect the
DCACHE_DONTCACHE and will return false. As a result, the dentry will be
killed and the inode will be evicted. In this way, if we change per-file
DAX policy, it will take effects automatically after this file is closed
by all processes.

I also add some comments to make the code more clear.

Signed-off-by: Hao Li <lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
---
This patch may have been forgotten.
Original patch: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20200924055958.825515-1-lihao2018.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com/

 fs/dcache.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index ea0485861d93..97e81a844a96 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -793,10 +793,17 @@ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry)
 	 * a reference to the dentry and change that, but
 	 * our work is done - we can leave the dentry
 	 * around with a zero refcount.
+	 *
+	 * Nevertheless, there are two cases that we should kill
+	 * the dentry anyway.
+	 * 1. free disconnected dentries as soon as their refcount
+	 *    reached zero.
+	 * 2. free dentries if they should not be cached.
 	 */
 	smp_rmb();
 	d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
-	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
+	d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST |
+			DCACHE_DISCONNECTED | DCACHE_DONTCACHE;
 
 	/* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */
 	if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry))
-- 
2.28.0




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-12-08  2:12 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-08-21  1:59 [PATCH] fs: Kill DCACHE_DONTCACHE dentry even if DCACHE_REFERENCED is set Hao Li
2020-08-21 17:40 ` Ira Weiny
2020-08-23  6:54   ` Ira Weiny
2020-08-24  6:17     ` Li, Hao
2020-08-26 10:06       ` Li, Hao
2020-08-27  6:37 ` Dave Chinner
2020-08-27  9:58   ` Li, Hao
2020-08-28  0:35     ` Dave Chinner
2020-08-28  9:04       ` Li, Hao
2020-08-31  0:34         ` Dave Chinner
2020-08-31  9:45           ` Li, Hao
2020-11-10  2:59 Hao Li
2020-12-08  2:10 Hao Li

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