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From: "Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
To: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: "linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-man <linux-man@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/5] Add manpage for fsopen(2) and fsmount(2)
Date: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 02:22:33 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAKgNAki5fiVOWNeCpUhtcnhVe5EDmdbeC4=6UFOGQx6s9ypWkQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <335e623c-9676-4af9-4a0a-082bb7fc750f@gmail.com>

Hello David,

As noted in another mail, I will ping on all of the mails, just to
raise all the patches to the top of the inbox.

Thanks,

Michael

On Thu, 27 Aug 2020 at 13:07, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
<mtk.manpages@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hello David,
>
> On 8/24/20 2:25 PM, David Howells wrote:
> > Add a manual page to document the fsopen() and fsmount() system calls.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > ---
> >
> >  man2/fsmount.2 |    1
> >  man2/fsopen.2  |  245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  2 files changed, 246 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 man2/fsmount.2
> >  create mode 100644 man2/fsopen.2
> >
> > diff --git a/man2/fsmount.2 b/man2/fsmount.2
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000..2bf59fc3e
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/man2/fsmount.2
> > @@ -0,0 +1 @@
> > +.so man2/fsopen.2
> > diff --git a/man2/fsopen.2 b/man2/fsopen.2
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000..1d1bba238
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/man2/fsopen.2
> > @@ -0,0 +1,245 @@
> > +'\" t
> > +.\" Copyright (c) 2020 David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > +.\"
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
> > +.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
> > +.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
> > +.\" preserved on all copies.
> > +.\"
> > +.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
> > +.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
> > +.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
> > +.\" permission notice identical to this one.
> > +.\"
> > +.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
> > +.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
> > +.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
> > +.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
> > +.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
> > +.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
> > +.\" professionally.
> > +.\"
> > +.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
> > +.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
> > +.\" %%%LICENSE_END
> > +.\"
> > +.TH FSOPEN 2 2020-08-07 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> > +.SH NAME
> > +fsopen, fsmount \- Filesystem parameterisation and mount creation
> > +.SH SYNOPSIS
> > +.nf
> > +.B #include <sys/types.h>
> > +.B #include <sys/mount.h>
> > +.B #include <unistd.h>
> > +.BR "#include <fcntl.h>           " "/* Definition of AT_* constants */"
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int fsopen(const char *" fsname ", unsigned int " flags );
> > +.PP
> > +.BI "int fsmount(int " fd ", unsigned int " flags ", unsigned int " mount_attrs );
> > +.fi
> > +.PP
> > +.IR Note :
> > +There are no glibc wrappers for these system calls.
> > +.SH DESCRIPTION
> > +.PP
> > +.BR fsopen ()
> > +creates a blank filesystem configuration context within the kernel for the
> > +filesystem named in the
> > +.I fsname
> > +parameter, puts it into creation mode and attaches it to a file descriptor,
> > +which it then returns.
>
> In the preceding sentence, "it" is used three times, with two *different*
> referents. That's quite hard on the reader.
>
> How about:
>
> [[
> .BR fsopen ()
> creates a blank filesystem configuration context within the kernel for the
> filesystem named in the
> .I fsname
> parameter, puts the context into creation mode and
> attaches it to a file descriptor;
> .BR fsopen ()
> returns the file descriptor as the function result.
> ]]
>
> > The file descriptor can be marked close-on-exec by
> > +setting
> > +.B FSOPEN_CLOEXEC
> > +in
> > +.IR flags .
> > +.PP
> > +After calling fsopen(), the file descriptor should be passed to the
> > +.BR fsconfig (2)
> > +system call, using that to specify the desired filesystem and security
> > +parameters.
> > +.PP
> > +When the parameters are all set, the
> > +.BR fsconfig ()
> > +system call should then be called again with
> > +.B FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE
> > +as the command argument to effect the creation.
> > +.RS
> > +.PP
> > +.BR "[!]\ NOTE" :
> > +Depending on the filesystem type and parameters, this may rather share an
>
> Please replace "this" with a noun (phrase), since it is a little
> unclear what "this" refers to.
>
> > +existing in-kernel filesystem representation instead of creating a new one.
> > +In such a case, the parameters specified may be discarded or may overwrite the
> > +parameters set by a previous mount - at the filesystem's discretion.
> > +.RE
> > +.PP
> > +The file descriptor also serves as a channel by which more comprehensive error,
> > +warning and information messages may be retrieved from the kernel using
> > +.BR read (2).
> > +.PP
> > +Once the creation command has been successfully run on a context, the context
> > +will not accept further configuration.  At
> > +this point,
> > +.BR fsmount ()
> > +should be called to create a mount object.
> > +.PP
> > +.BR fsmount ()
> > +takes the file descriptor returned by
> > +.BR fsopen ()
> > +and creates a mount object for the filesystem root specified there.  The
> > +attributes of the mount object are set from the
> > +.I mount_attrs
> > +parameter.  The attributes specify the propagation and mount restrictions to
> > +be applied to accesses through this mount.
>
> Can we please have a list of the available attributes here, with a
> description of each attribute.
>
> > +.PP
> > +The mount object is then attached to a new file descriptor that looks like one
> > +created by
> > +.BR open "(2) with " O_PATH " or " open_tree (2).
> > +This can be passed to
> > +.BR move_mount (2)
> > +to attach the mount object to a mountpoint, thereby completing the process.
>
> s/mountpoint/mount point/
>
> In the preceding paragraph, the description is a bit unclear. (Again,
> overuse of pronouns ("this) does not help. I think it
> would be better to say something like:
>
> [[
> .BR fsmount()
> attaches the mount object to a new file descriptor that looks like one
> created by
> .BR open "(2) with " O_PATH " or " open_tree (2).
> This file descriptor can be passed to
> .BR move_mount (2)
> to attach the mount object to a mount point, thereby completing the process.
> ]]
>
> But, please also replace "the process" with a more meaningful phrase.
>
> > +.PP
> > +The file descriptor returned by fsmount() is marked close-on-exec if
> > +FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC is specified in
> > +.IR flags .
> > +.PP
> > +After fsmount() has completed, the context created by fsopen() is reset and
> > +moved to reconfiguration state, allowing the new superblock to be
> > +reconfigured.  See
> > +.BR fspick (2)
> > +for details.
> > +.PP
> > +To use either of these calls, the caller requires the appropriate privilege
> > +(Linux: the
>
> s/Linux: //
> (this is after all a Linux-specific system call)
>
> > +.B CAP_SYS_ADMIN
> > +capability).
> > +.PP
> > +.SS Message Retrieval Interface
> > +The context file descriptor may be queried for message strings at any time by
>
> s/The context file descriptor/
>   The context file descriptor returned by fsopen()/
>
> > +calling
> > +.BR read (2)
> > +on the file descriptor.  This will return formatted messages that are prefixed
> > +to indicate their class:
> > +.TP
> > +\fB"e <message>"\fP
> > +An error message string was logged.
> > +.TP
> > +\fB"i <message>"\fP
> > +An informational message string was logged.
> > +.TP
> > +\fB"w <message>"\fP
> > +An warning message string was logged.
> > +.PP
> > +Messages are removed from the queue as they're read.
>
> What if there are no pending error messages to retrieve? What does
> read() do in that case? Please add an explanation here.
>
> > +.SH RETURN VALUE
> > +On success, both functions return a file descriptor.  On error, \-1 is
> > +returned, and
> > +.I errno
> > +is set appropriately> +.SH ERRORS
> > +The error values given below result from filesystem type independent
> > +errors.
> > +Each filesystem type may have its own special errors and its
> > +own special behavior.
> > +See the Linux kernel source code for details.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EBUSY
> > +The context referred to by
> > +.I fd
> > +is not in the right state to be used by
> > +.BR fsmount ().
> > +.TP
> > +.B EFAULT
> > +One of the pointer arguments points outside the user address space.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EINVAL
> > +.I flags
> > +had an invalid flag set.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EINVAL
> > +.I mount_attrs,
> > +includes invalid
> > +.BR MOUNT_ATTR_*
> > +flags.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EMFILE
> > +The system has too many open files to create more.
> > +.TP
> > +.B ENFILE
> > +The process has too many open files to create more.
> > +.TP
> > +.B ENODEV
> > +The filesystem
> > +.I fsname
> > +is not available in the kernel.
> > +.TP
> > +.B ENOMEM
> > +The kernel could not allocate sufficient memory to complete the call.
> > +.TP
> > +.B EPERM
> > +The caller does not have the required privileges.
>
> Please name the required capability.
>
> > +.SH CONFORMING TO
> > +These functions are Linux-specific and should not be used in programs intended
> > +to be portable.
> > +.SH VERSIONS
> > +.BR fsopen "(), and " fsmount ()
> > +were added to Linux in kernel 5.2.
> > +.SH NOTES
> > +Glibc does not (yet) provide a wrapper for the
> > +.BR fsopen "() or " fsmount "()"
> > +system calls; call them using
> > +.BR syscall (2).
> > +.SH EXAMPLES
> > +To illustrate the process, here's an example whereby this can be used to mount
>
> Please replace "this" by a noun (phrase).
>
> > +an ext4 filesystem on /dev/sdb1 onto /mnt.
> > +.PP
> > +.in +4n
> > +.nf
> > +sfd = fsopen("ext4", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "ro", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "source", "/dev/sdb1", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "noatime", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "acl", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "user_attr", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "iversion", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE, NULL, NULL, 0);
> > +mfd = fsmount(sfd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MS_RELATIME);
> > +move_mount(mfd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
> > +.fi
> > +.in
> > +.PP
> > +Here, an ext4 context is created first and attached to sfd.  The context is
> > +then told where its source will be, given a bunch of options and a superblock
> > +record object is then created.  Then fsmount() is called to create a mount
> > +object and
> > +.BR move_mount (2)
> > +is called to attach it to its intended mountpoint.
>
> s/mountpoint/mount point/
>
> > +.PP
> > +And here's an example of mounting from an NFS server and setting a Smack
> > +security module label on it too:
>
> Please replace "it" with a noun (phrase).
>
> > +.PP
> > +.in +4n
> > +.nf
> > +sfd = fsopen("nfs", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "source", "example.com:/pub", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "nfsvers", "3", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "rsize", "65536", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "wsize", "65536", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "smackfsdef", "foolabel", 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "rdma", NULL, 0);
> > +fsconfig(sfd, FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE, NULL, NULL, 0);
> > +mfd = fsmount(sfd, 0, MS_NODEV);
> > +move_mount(mfd, "", AT_FDCWD, "/mnt", MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH);
> > +.fi
> > +.in
> > +.PP
> > +.SH SEE ALSO
> > +.BR mountpoint (1),
> > +.BR fsconfig (2),
> > +.BR fspick (2),
> > +.BR move_mount (2),
> > +.BR open_tree (2),
> > +.BR umount (2),
> > +.BR mount_namespaces (7),
> > +.BR path_resolution (7),
> > +.BR mount (8),
> > +.BR umount (8)
>
> Thanks,
>
> Michael
>
>
> --
> Michael Kerrisk
> Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
> Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/



-- 
Michael Kerrisk
Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/

  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-13  0:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 28+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-24 12:24 [PATCH 1/5] Add manpage for open_tree(2) David Howells
2020-08-24 12:24 ` [PATCH 2/5] Add manpages for move_mount(2) David Howells
2020-08-27 11:04   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-08-13  0:21     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-01-22  8:39   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-24 12:24 ` [PATCH 3/5] Add manpage for fspick(2) David Howells
2020-08-27 11:05   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-08-13  0:22     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-01-22  8:40   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-24 12:25 ` [PATCH 4/5] Add manpage for fsopen(2) and fsmount(2) David Howells
2020-08-27 11:07   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-08-13  0:22     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) [this message]
2020-09-02 15:01   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-09-02 16:14   ` David Howells
2020-09-02 20:14     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-09-11 12:44       ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-10-16  6:50         ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-01-22  8:41           ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-24 12:25 ` [PATCH 5/5] Add manpage for fsconfig(2) David Howells
2020-08-27 11:07   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-08-13  0:23     ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-01-22  8:40   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-08-27 11:01 ` [PATCH 1/5] Add manpage for open_tree(2) Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-01-22  8:39   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-08-13  0:20   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2021-02-25 19:03 ` Aurélien Aptel
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2020-08-07 14:02 David Howells
2020-08-07 14:02 ` [PATCH 4/5] Add manpage for fsopen(2) and fsmount(2) David Howells
2020-08-22 20:08   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)

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