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From: "Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
To: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>,
	Aleksa Sarai <asarai@suse.de>,
	linux-man <linux-man@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux API <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH man-pages v2 2/2] openat2.2: document new openat2(2) syscall
Date: Wed, 8 Apr 2020 23:29:25 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAKgNAki8z_eGej6dqsZLZ5UKVXdmWX00FfR0GMSJtjS4WkiSwA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cd3a6aad-b906-ee57-1b5b-5939b9602ad0@gmail.com>

Hi Aleksa,

Ping!

Cheers,

Michael

On Wed, 1 Apr 2020 at 08:38, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
<mtk.manpages@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hello Aleksa,
>
> On 3/31/20 4:39 PM, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> > On 2020-03-30, Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> Hello Aleksa,
> >>
> >> On 2/2/20 4:19 PM, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> >>> Rather than trying to merge the new syscall documentation into open.2
> >>> (which would probably result in the man-page being incomprehensible),
> >>> instead the new syscall gets its own dedicated page with links between
> >>> open(2) and openat2(2) to avoid duplicating information such as the list
> >>> of O_* flags or common errors.
> >>>
> >>> In addition to describing all of the key flags, information about the
> >>> extensibility design is provided so that users can better understand why
> >>> they need to pass sizeof(struct open_how) and how their programs will
> >>> work across kernels. After some discussions with David Laight, I also
> >>> included explicit instructions to zero the structure to avoid issues
> >>> when recompiling with new headers.
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> >>
> >> Thanks. I've applied this patch, but also done quite a lot of
> >> editing of the page. The current draft is below (and also pushed
> >> to Git). Could I ask you to review the page, to see if I injected
> >> any error during my edits.
> >
> > Looks good to me.
> >
> >> In addition, I've added a number of FIXMEs in comments
> >> in the page source. Can you please check these, and let me
> >> know your thoughts.
> >
> > Will do, see below.
> >
> >> .\" FIXME I find the "previously-functional systems" in the previous
> >> .\" sentence a little odd (since openat2() ia new sysycall), so I would
> >> .\" like to clarify a little...
> >> .\" Are you referring to the scenario where someone might take an
> >> .\" existing application that uses openat() and replaces the uses
> >> .\" of openat() with openat2()? In which case, is it correct to
> >> .\" understand that you mean that one should not just indiscriminately
> >> .\" add the RESOLVE_NO_XDEV flag to all of the openat2() calls?
> >> .\" If I'm not on the right track, could you point me in the right
> >> .\" direction please.
> >
> > This is mostly meant as a warning to hopefully avoid applications
> > because the developer didn't realise that system paths may contain
> > symlinks or bind-mounts. For an application which has switched to
> > openat2() and then uses RESOLVE_NO_SYMLINKS for a non-security reason,
> > it's possible that on some distributions (or future versions of a
> > distribution) that their application will stop working because a system
> > path suddenly contains a symlink or is a bind-mount.
> >
> > This was a concern which was brought up on LWN some time ago. If you can
> > think of a phrasing that makes this more clear, I'd appreciate it.
>
> Thanks. I've made the text:
>
>                      Applications  that  employ  the RESOLVE_NO_XDEV flag
>                      are encouraged to make its use configurable  (unless
>                      it is used for a specific security purpose), as bind
>                      mounts are widely used by end-users.   Setting  this
>                      flag indiscriminately—i.e., for purposes not specif‐
>                      ically related to security—for all uses of openat2()
>                      may  result  in  spurious errors on previously-func‐
>                      tional systems.  This may occur if, for  example,  a
>                      system  pathname  that  is used by an application is
>                      modified (e.g., in a new  distribution  release)  so
>                      that  a  pathname  component  (now)  contains a bind
>                      mount.
>
> Okay?
>
> >> .\" FIXME: what specific details in symlink(7) are being referred
> >> .\" by the following sentence? It's not clear.
> >
> > The section on magic-links, but you're right that the sentence ordering
> > is a bit odd. It should probably go after the first sentence.
>
> I must admit that I'm still confused. There's only the briefest of
> mentions of magic links in symlink(7). Perhaps that needs to be fixed?
>
> And, while I think of it, the text just preceding that FIXME says:
>
>     Due to the potential danger of unknowingly opening
>     these magic links, it may be preferable for users to
>     disable their resolution entirely.
>
> This sentence reads a little strangely. Could you please give me some
> concrete examples, and I will try rewording that sentence a bit.
>
> >> .\" FIXME I found the following hard to understand (in particular, the
> >> .\" meaning of "scoped" is unclear) , and reworded as below. Is it okay?
> >> .\"     Absolute symbolic links and ".." path components will be scoped to
> >> .\"     .IR dirfd .
> >
> > Scoped does broadly mean "interpreted relative to", though the
> > difference is mainly that when I said scoped it's meant to be more of an
> > assertive claim ("the kernel promises to always treat this path inside
> > dirfd"). But "interpreted relative to" is a clearer way of phrasing the
> > semantics, so I'm okay with this change.
>
> Okay.
>
> >> .\" FIXME The next piece is unclear (to me). What kind of ".." escape
> >> .\" attempts does chroot() not detect that RESOLVE_IN_ROOT does?
> >
> > If the root is moved, you can escape from a chroot(2). But this sentence
> > might not really belong in a man-page since it's describing (important)
> > aspects of the implementation and not the semantics.
>
> So, should I just remove the sentence?
>
> Thanks,
>
> Michael
>
>
> --
> Michael Kerrisk
> Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
> Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/



-- 
Michael Kerrisk
Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/

  reply	other threads:[~2020-04-08 21:29 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-02 15:19 [PATCH man-pages v2 0/2] document openat2(2) Aleksa Sarai
2020-02-02 15:19 ` [PATCH man-pages v2 1/2] path_resolution.7: update to mention openat2(2) features Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30 20:38   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-02-02 15:19 ` [PATCH man-pages v2 2/2] openat2.2: document new openat2(2) syscall Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30  9:08   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-30  9:20     ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30  9:36       ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-30  9:48         ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30 20:43   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-31 14:39     ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-01  6:38       ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-04-08 21:29         ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) [this message]
2020-04-12 16:49         ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-13  7:22           ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-04-14 10:35             ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-15 20:24               ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-05-04 10:17               ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-06-10  5:53               ` [PATCH] symlink.7: document magic-links more completely Aleksa Sarai
2020-06-19 13:00                 ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)

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