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From: "Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
To: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
Cc: mtk.manpages@gmail.com, linux-man@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-api@vger.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk,
	christian@brauner.io
Subject: Re: [PATCH] symlink.7: document magic-links more completely
Date: Fri, 19 Jun 2020 15:00:15 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <fe72a276-a977-2589-ee83-d6ac8a21fbfa@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200610055319.26374-1-cyphar@cyphar.com>

Hello Aleksa,

On 6/10/20 7:53 AM, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> Hi Michael,
> 
> Sorry for the delay and here is the patch I promised in this thread.

Thanks!

Patch applied.

Cheers,

Michael


> --8<---------------------------------------------------------------------8<--
> 
> Traditionally, magic-links have not been a well-understood topic in
> Linux. This helps clarify some of the terminology used in openat2.2.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> ---
>  man7/symlink.7 | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>  1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/man7/symlink.7 b/man7/symlink.7
> index 07b1db3a3764..ed99bc4236f1 100644
> --- a/man7/symlink.7
> +++ b/man7/symlink.7
> @@ -84,6 +84,21 @@ as they are implemented on Linux and other systems,
>  are outlined here.
>  It is important that site-local applications also conform to these rules,
>  so that the user interface can be as consistent as possible.
> +.SS Magic-links
> +There is a special class of symlink-like objects known as "magic-links" which
> +can be found in certain pseudo-filesystems such as
> +.BR proc (5)
> +(examples include
> +.IR /proc/[pid]/exe " and " /proc/[pid]/fd/* .)
> +Unlike normal symlinks, magic-links are not resolved through
> +pathname-expansion, but instead act as direct references to the kernel's own
> +representation of a file handle. As such, these magic-links allow users to
> +access files which cannot be referenced with normal paths (such as unlinked
> +files still referenced by a running program.)
> +.PP
> +Because they can bypass ordinary
> +.BR mount_namespaces (7)-based
> +restrictions, magic-links have been used as attack vectors in various exploits.
>  .SS Symbolic link ownership, permissions, and timestamps
>  The owner and group of an existing symbolic link can be changed
>  using
> @@ -99,16 +114,14 @@ of a symbolic link can be changed using
>  or
>  .BR lutimes (3).
>  .PP
> -On Linux, the permissions of a symbolic link are not used
> -in any operations; the permissions are always
> -0777 (read, write, and execute for all user categories),
>  .\" Linux does not currently implement an lchmod(2).
> -and can't be changed.
> -(Note that there are some "magic" symbolic links in the
> -.I /proc
> -directory tree\(emfor example, the
> -.IR /proc/[pid]/fd/*
> -files\(emthat have different permissions.)
> +On Linux, the permissions of an ordinary symbolic link are not used in any
> +operations; the permissions are always 0777 (read, write, and execute for all
> +user categories), and can't be changed.
> +.PP
> +However, magic-links do not follow this rule. They can have a non-0777 mode,
> +though this mode is not currently used in any permission checks.
> +
>  .\"
>  .\" The
>  .\" 4.4BSD
> 


-- 
Michael Kerrisk
Linux man-pages maintainer; http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/
Linux/UNIX System Programming Training: http://man7.org/training/

      reply	other threads:[~2020-06-19 13:00 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-02 15:19 [PATCH man-pages v2 0/2] document openat2(2) Aleksa Sarai
2020-02-02 15:19 ` [PATCH man-pages v2 1/2] path_resolution.7: update to mention openat2(2) features Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30 20:38   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-02-02 15:19 ` [PATCH man-pages v2 2/2] openat2.2: document new openat2(2) syscall Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30  9:08   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-30  9:20     ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30  9:36       ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-30  9:48         ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-30 20:43   ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-03-31 14:39     ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-01  6:38       ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-04-08 21:29         ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-04-12 16:49         ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-13  7:22           ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-04-14 10:35             ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-04-15 20:24               ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-05-04 10:17               ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)
2020-06-10  5:53               ` [PATCH] symlink.7: document magic-links more completely Aleksa Sarai
2020-06-19 13:00                 ` Michael Kerrisk (man-pages) [this message]

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