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From: NeilBrown <>
To: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: "K.Tanaka" <>
Subject: [PATCH 009 of 9] md: The md RAID10 resync thread could cause a md RAID10 array deadlock
Date: Mon, 3 Mar 2008 11:18:00 +1100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20080303111240.23302.patches@notabene>

From: "K.Tanaka" <>

This message describes another issue about md RAID10 found by
testing the 2.6.24 md RAID10 using new scsi fault injection framework.

When a scsi error results in disabling a disk during RAID10 recovery,
the resync threads of md RAID10 could stall.
This case, the raid array has already been broken and it may not matter.
But I think stall is not preferable. If it occurs, even shutdown or reboot
will fail because of resource busy.

The deadlock mechanism:
The r10bio_s structure has a "remaining" member to keep track of BIOs yet to be
handled when recovering. The "remaining" counter is incremented when building a BIO
in sync_request() and is decremented when finish a BIO in end_sync_write().

If building a BIO fails for some reasons in sync_request(), the "remaining" should be
decremented if it has already been incremented. I found a case where this decrement
is forgotten. This causes a md_do_sync() deadlock because md_do_sync() waits for
md_done_sync() called by end_sync_write(), but end_sync_write() never calls
md_done_sync() because of the "remaining" counter mismatch.

For example, this problem would be reproduced in the following case:

Personalities : [raid10]
md0 : active raid10 sdf1[4] sde1[5](F) sdd1[2] sdc1[1] sdb1[6](F)
      3919616 blocks 64K chunks 2 near-copies [4/2] [_UU_]
      [>....................]  recovery =  2.2% (45376/1959808) finish=0.7min speed=45376K/sec

This case, sdf1 is recovering, sdb1 and sde1 are disabled.
An additional error with detaching sdd will cause a deadlock.

md0 : active raid10 sdf1[4] sde1[5](F) sdd1[6](F) sdc1[1] sdb1[7](F)
      3919616 blocks 64K chunks 2 near-copies [4/1] [_U__]
      [=>...................]  recovery =  5.0% (99520/1959808) finish=5.9min speed=5237K/sec

 2739 ?        S<     0:17 [md0_raid10]
28608 ?        D<     0:00 [md0_resync]
28629 pts/1    Ss     0:00 bash
28830 pts/1    R+     0:00 ps ax
31819 ?        D<     0:00 [kjournald]

The resync thread keeps working, but actually it is deadlocked.

By this patch, the remaining counter will be decremented if needed.

Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <>

### Diffstat output
 ./drivers/md/raid10.c |    2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff .prev/drivers/md/raid10.c ./drivers/md/raid10.c
--- .prev/drivers/md/raid10.c	2008-03-03 09:56:53.000000000 +1100
+++ ./drivers/md/raid10.c	2008-03-03 11:08:28.000000000 +1100
@@ -1818,6 +1818,8 @@ static sector_t sync_request(mddev_t *md
 				if (j == conf->copies) {
 					/* Cannot recover, so abort the recovery */
+					if (rb2)
+						atomic_dec(&rb2->remaining);
 					r10_bio = rb2;
 					if (!test_and_set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_ERR, &mddev->recovery))
 						printk(KERN_INFO "raid10: %s: insufficient working devices for recovery.\n",

      parent reply	other threads:[~2008-03-03  0:20 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-03-03  0:16 [PATCH 000 of 9] md: Introduction EXPLAIN PATCH SET HERE NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 001 of 9] md: Fix deadlock in md/raid1 and md/raid10 when handling a read error NeilBrown
2008-03-03 15:54   ` Andre Noll
2008-03-04  6:08     ` Neil Brown
2008-03-04 11:29       ` Andre Noll
2008-03-06  3:29         ` Neil Brown
2008-03-06 10:51           ` Andre Noll
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 002 of 9] md: Reduce CPU wastage on idle md array with a write-intent bitmap NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 003 of 9] md: Guard against possible bad array geometry in v1 metadata NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 004 of 9] md: Clean up irregularity with raid autodetect NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 005 of 9] md: Make sure a reshape is started when device switches to read-write NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 006 of 9] md: Lock access to rdev attributes properly NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 007 of 9] md: Don't attempt read-balancing for raid10 'far' layouts NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:17 ` [PATCH 008 of 9] md: Fix possible raid1/raid10 deadlock on read error during resync NeilBrown
2008-03-03  0:18 ` NeilBrown [this message]

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