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From: Ian Campbell <ijc@hellion.org.uk>
To: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv2 2/3] x86: add a crc32 checksum to the kernel image.
Date: Thu, 07 Feb 2008 08:23:31 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1202372611.7333.12.camel@cthulhu.hellion.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <47AA2148.3010408@zytor.com>


On Wed, 2008-02-06 at 13:06 -0800, H. Peter Anvin wrote:
[...some comments...]

I fixed all of those up.

Thanks,
Ian.

---

x86: add a crc32 checksum to the kernel image.

Signed-off-by: Ian Campbell <ijc@hellion.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
---
 Documentation/i386/boot.txt |    8 ++++
 arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c |   88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/i386/boot.txt b/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
index b5f5ba1..05c24df 100644
--- a/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/i386/boot.txt
@@ -531,6 +531,14 @@ Protocol:	2.08+
 
   The length of the compressed payload.
 
+**** THE IMAGE CHECKSUM
+
+From boot protocol version 2.08 onwards the CRC-32 is calculated over
+the entire file using the characteristic polynomial 0x04C11DB7 and an
+initial remainder of 0xffffffff.  The checksum is appended to the
+file; therefore the CRC of the file up to the limit specified in the
+syssize field of the header is always 0.
+
 **** THE KERNEL COMMAND LINE
 
 The kernel command line has become an important way for the boot
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
index b424874..44dc192 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/tools/build.c
@@ -50,6 +50,75 @@ typedef unsigned long  u32;
 u8 buf[SETUP_SECT_MAX*512];
 int is_big_kernel;
 
+/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
+
+static const u32 crctab32[] = {
+	0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba, 0x076dc419,
+	0x706af48f, 0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3, 0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4,
+	0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988, 0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07,
+	0x90bf1d91, 0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2, 0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de,
+	0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7, 0x136c9856,
+	0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec, 0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9,
+	0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5, 0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4,
+	0xa2677172, 0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b,
+	0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c, 0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940, 0x32d86ce3,
+	0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59, 0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a,
+	0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116, 0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423, 0xcfba9599,
+	0xb8bda50f, 0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924,
+	0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d, 0x76dc4190,
+	0x01db7106, 0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a, 0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f,
+	0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433, 0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e,
+	0xe10e9818, 0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d, 0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01,
+	0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e, 0x6c0695ed,
+	0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457, 0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950,
+	0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c, 0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3,
+	0xfbd44c65, 0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2,
+	0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7, 0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb, 0x4369e96a,
+	0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0, 0x44042d73, 0x33031de5,
+	0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9, 0x5005713c, 0x270241aa, 0xbe0b1010,
+	0xc90c2086, 0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
+	0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4, 0x59b33d17,
+	0x2eb40d81, 0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad, 0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6,
+	0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a, 0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615,
+	0x73dc1683, 0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84, 0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8,
+	0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1, 0xf00f9344,
+	0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe, 0xf762575d, 0x806567cb,
+	0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7, 0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a,
+	0x67dd4acc, 0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5,
+	0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e, 0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252, 0xd1bb67f1,
+	0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b, 0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c,
+	0x36034af6, 0x41047a60, 0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55, 0x316e8eef,
+	0x4669be79, 0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236,
+	0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f, 0xc5ba3bbe,
+	0xb2bd0b28, 0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04, 0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31,
+	0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d, 0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c,
+	0x026d930a, 0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f, 0x72076785, 0x05005713,
+	0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38, 0x92d28e9b,
+	0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21, 0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242,
+	0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e, 0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1,
+	0x18b74777, 0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c,
+	0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69, 0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45, 0xa00ae278,
+	0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2, 0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7,
+	0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db, 0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc, 0x40df0b66,
+	0x37d83bf0, 0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
+	0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6, 0xbad03605,
+	0xcdd70693, 0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf, 0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8,
+	0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94, 0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b,
+	0x2d02ef8d
+};
+
+static u32 partial_crc32_one(u8 c, u32 crc)
+{
+	return crctab32[(crc ^ c) & 0xff] ^ (crc >> 8);
+}
+
+static u32 partial_crc32(const u8 *s, int len, u32 crc)
+{
+	while (len--)
+		crc = partial_crc32_one(*s++, crc);
+	return crc;
+}
+
 static void die(const char * str, ...)
 {
 	va_list args;
@@ -74,6 +143,7 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
 	FILE *file;
 	int fd;
 	void *kernel;
+	u32 crc = 0xffffffffUL;
 
 	if (argc > 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-b"))
 	  {
@@ -144,7 +214,8 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
 	kernel = mmap(NULL, sz, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
 	if (kernel == MAP_FAILED)
 		die("Unable to mmap '%s': %m", argv[2]);
-	sys_size = (sz + 15) / 16;
+	/* Number of 16-byte paragraphs, including space for a 4-byte CRC */
+	sys_size = (sz + 15 + 4) / 16;
 	if (!is_big_kernel && sys_size > DEF_SYSSIZE)
 		die("System is too big. Try using bzImage or modules.");
 
@@ -155,12 +226,27 @@ int main(int argc, char ** argv)
 	buf[0x1f6] = sys_size >> 16;
 	buf[0x1f7] = sys_size >> 24;
 
+	crc = partial_crc32(buf, i, crc);
 	if (fwrite(buf, 1, i, stdout) != i)
 		die("Writing setup failed");
 
 	/* Copy the kernel code */
+	crc = partial_crc32(kernel, sz, crc);
 	if (fwrite(kernel, 1, sz, stdout) != sz)
 		die("Writing kernel failed");
+
+	/* Add padding leaving 4 bytes for the checksum */
+	while (sz++ < (sys_size*16) - 4) {
+		crc = partial_crc32_one('\0', crc);
+		if (fwrite("\0", 1, 1, stdout) != 1)
+			die("Writing padding failed");
+	}
+
+	/* Write the CRC */
+	fprintf(stderr, "CRC %lx\n", crc);
+	if (fwrite(&crc, 1, 4, stdout) != 4)
+		die("Writing CRC failed");
+
 	close(fd);
 
 	/* Everything is OK */
-- 
1.5.4


-- 
Ian Campbell

Hempstone's Question:
	If you have to travel on the Titanic, why not go first class?


      reply	other threads:[~2008-02-07  8:24 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-02-06 21:00 [PATCHv2 0/3] x86: boot protocol updates Ian Campbell
2008-02-06 21:00 ` [PATCHv2 1/3] x86: use ELF format in compressed images Ian Campbell
2008-02-06 21:00   ` [PATCHv2 2/3] x86: add a crc32 checksum to the kernel image Ian Campbell
2008-02-06 21:00     ` [PATCHv2 3/3] x86: bump image header to version 2.08 Ian Campbell
2008-02-06 21:06     ` [PATCHv2 2/3] x86: add a crc32 checksum to the kernel image H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-07  8:23       ` Ian Campbell [this message]

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