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From: Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>,
	Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>,
	Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
Subject: [PATCH 1/8] LinuxPPS core support.
Date: Fri,  8 Feb 2008 19:00:37 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <120249364418-git-send-email-giometti@linux.it> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1202493644764-git-send-email-giometti@linux.it>

This patch adds the kernel side of the PPS support currently named
"LinuxPPS".

PPS means "pulse per second" and a PPS source is just a device which
provides a high precision signal each second so that an application
can use it to adjust system clock time.

Common use is the combination of the NTPD as userland program with a
GPS receiver as PPS source to obtain a wallclock-time with
sub-millisecond synchronisation to UTC.

To obtain this goal the userland programs shoud use the PPS API
specification (RFC 2783 - Pulse-Per-Second API for UNIX-like Operating
Systems, Version 1.0) which in part is implemented by this patch. It
provides a set of chars devices, one per PPS source, which can be used
to get the time signal. The RFC's functions can be implemented by
accessing to these char devices.

Signed-off-by: Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
---
 MAINTAINERS          |    7 +
 drivers/Kconfig      |    2 +
 drivers/Makefile     |    1 +
 drivers/pps/Kconfig  |   32 +++++
 drivers/pps/Makefile |   10 ++
 drivers/pps/kapi.c   |  272 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/pps/pps.c    |  342 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/pps/sysfs.c  |  142 +++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/Kbuild |    1 +
 include/linux/pps.h  |  204 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 10 files changed, 1013 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/pps/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/pps/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/pps/kapi.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/pps/pps.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/pps/sysfs.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/pps.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 58b1603..c1cd5c2 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -3096,6 +3096,13 @@ P:	James Chapman
 M:	jchapman@katalix.com
 S:	Maintained
 
+PPS SUPPORT
+P:	Rodolfo Giometti
+M:	giometti@enneenne.com
+W:	http://wiki.enneenne.com/index.php/LinuxPPS_support
+L:	linuxpps@ml.enneenne.com
+S:	Maintained
+
 PREEMPTIBLE KERNEL
 P:	Robert Love
 M:	rml@tech9.net
diff --git a/drivers/Kconfig b/drivers/Kconfig
index 08d4ae2..2c656c8 100644
--- a/drivers/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/Kconfig
@@ -52,6 +52,8 @@ source "drivers/i2c/Kconfig"
 
 source "drivers/spi/Kconfig"
 
+source "drivers/pps/Kconfig"
+
 source "drivers/w1/Kconfig"
 
 source "drivers/power/Kconfig"
diff --git a/drivers/Makefile b/drivers/Makefile
index 0ee9a8a..da8fee3 100644
--- a/drivers/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/Makefile
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_INPUT)		+= input/
 obj-$(CONFIG_I2O)		+= message/
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_LIB)		+= rtc/
 obj-y				+= i2c/
+obj-$(CONFIG_PPS)		+= pps/
 obj-$(CONFIG_W1)		+= w1/
 obj-$(CONFIG_POWER_SUPPLY)	+= power/
 obj-$(CONFIG_HWMON)		+= hwmon/
diff --git a/drivers/pps/Kconfig b/drivers/pps/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dce4a1f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pps/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+#
+# PPS support configuration
+#
+
+menu "PPS support"
+
+config PPS
+	tristate "PPS support"
+	depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+	---help---
+	  PPS (Pulse Per Second) is a special pulse provided by some GPS
+	  antennae. Userland can use it to get an high time reference.
+
+	  Some antennae's PPS signals are connected with the CD (Carrier
+	  Detect) pin of the serial line they use to communicate with the
+	  host. In this case use the SERIAL_LINE client support.
+
+	  Some antennae's PPS signals are connected with some special host
+	  inputs so you have to enable the corresponding client support.
+
+	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+	  will be called pps_core.ko.
+
+config PPS_DEBUG
+	bool "PPS debugging messages"
+	depends on PPS
+	help
+	  Say Y here if you want the PPS support to produce a bunch of debug
+	  messages to the system log.  Select this if you are having a
+	  problem with PPS support and want to see more of what is going on.
+
+endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/pps/Makefile b/drivers/pps/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5a9a51b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pps/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+#
+# Makefile for the PPS core.
+#
+
+pps_core-objs			+= pps.o kapi.o sysfs.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PPS)		+= pps_core.o
+
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_PPS_DEBUG),y)
+EXTRA_CFLAGS += -DDEBUG
+endif
diff --git a/drivers/pps/kapi.c b/drivers/pps/kapi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c127e66
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pps/kapi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,272 @@
+/*
+ * kapi.c -- kernel API
+ *
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005-2007   Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/pps.h>
+
+/*
+ * Global variables
+ */
+
+DEFINE_SPINLOCK(idr_lock);
+DEFINE_IDR(pps_idr);
+
+/*
+ * Local functions
+ */
+
+static void pps_add_offset(struct pps_ktime *ts, struct pps_ktime *offset)
+{
+	ts->nsec += offset->nsec;
+	while (ts->nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) {
+		ts->nsec -= NSEC_PER_SEC;
+		ts->sec++;
+	}
+	while (ts->nsec < 0) {
+		ts->nsec += NSEC_PER_SEC;
+		ts->sec--;
+	}
+	ts->sec += offset->sec;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Exported functions
+ */
+
+int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info, int default_params)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps;
+	int id;
+	int err;
+
+	/* Sanity checks */
+	if ((info->mode & default_params) != default_params) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unsupported default parameters\n",
+					info->name);
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto pps_register_source_exit;
+	}
+	if ((info->mode & (PPS_ECHOASSERT | PPS_ECHOCLEAR)) != 0 &&
+			info->echo == NULL) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: echo function is not defined\n",
+					info->name);
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto pps_register_source_exit;
+	}
+	if ((info->mode & (PPS_TSFMT_TSPEC | PPS_TSFMT_NTPFP)) == 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unspecified time format\n",
+					info->name);
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto pps_register_source_exit;
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate memory for the new PPS source struct */
+	pps = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pps_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (pps == NULL) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
+		goto pps_register_source_exit;
+	}
+
+	/* Get new ID for the new PPS source */
+	if (idr_pre_get(&pps_idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
+		goto kfree_pps;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&idr_lock);
+	err = idr_get_new(&pps_idr, pps, &id);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&idr_lock);
+
+	if (err < 0)
+		goto kfree_pps;
+
+	id = id & MAX_ID_MASK;
+	if (id >= PPS_MAX_SOURCES) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: too many PPS sources in the system\n",
+					info->name);
+		err = -EBUSY;
+		goto free_idr;
+	}
+
+	pps->id = id;
+	pps->params.api_version = PPS_API_VERS;
+	pps->params.mode = default_params;
+	pps->info = *info;
+
+	init_waitqueue_head(&pps->queue);
+	spin_lock_init(&pps->lock);
+	atomic_set(&pps->usage, 0);
+	init_waitqueue_head(&pps->usage_queue);
+
+	/* Create the char device */
+	err = pps_register_cdev(pps);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unable to create char device\n",
+					info->name);
+		goto free_idr;
+	}
+
+	/* Create the sysfs entry */
+	err = pps_sysfs_create_source_entry(pps);
+	if (err < 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unable to create sysfs entries\n",
+					info->name);
+		goto unregister_cdev;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("new PPS source %s at ID %d\n", info->name, id);
+
+	return id;
+
+unregister_cdev:
+	pps_unregister_cdev(pps);
+
+free_idr:
+	spin_lock_irq(&idr_lock);
+	idr_remove(&pps_idr, id);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&idr_lock);
+
+kfree_pps:
+	kfree(pps);
+
+pps_register_source_exit:
+	printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unable to register source\n", info->name);
+
+	return err;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_register_source);
+
+void pps_unregister_source(int source)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&idr_lock);
+	pps = idr_find(&pps_idr, source);
+
+	if (!pps) {
+		spin_unlock_irq(&idr_lock);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* This should be done first in order to deny IRQ handlers
+	 * to access PPS structs
+	 */
+
+	idr_remove(&pps_idr, pps->id);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&idr_lock);
+
+	wait_event(pps->usage_queue, atomic_read(&pps->usage) == 0);
+
+	pps_sysfs_remove_source_entry(pps);
+	pps_unregister_cdev(pps);
+	kfree(pps);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_unregister_source);
+
+void pps_event(int source, int event, void *data)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps;
+	struct timespec __ts;
+	struct pps_ktime ts;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	/* First of all we get the time stamp... */
+	getnstimeofday(&__ts);
+
+	/* ... and translate it to PPS time data struct */
+	ts.sec = __ts.tv_sec;
+	ts.nsec = __ts.tv_nsec;
+
+	if ((event & (PPS_CAPTUREASSERT | PPS_CAPTURECLEAR)) == 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: unknown event (%x) for source %d\n",
+			event, source);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&idr_lock, flags);
+	pps = idr_find(&pps_idr, source);
+
+	/* If we find a valid PPS source we lock it before leaving
+	 * the lock!
+	 */
+	if (pps)
+		atomic_inc(&pps->usage);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&idr_lock, flags);
+
+	if (!pps)
+		return;
+
+	pr_debug("PPS event on source %d at %llu.%06u\n",
+			pps->id, ts.sec, ts.nsec);
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&pps->lock, flags);
+
+	/* Must call the echo function? */
+	if ((pps->params.mode & (PPS_ECHOASSERT | PPS_ECHOCLEAR)))
+		pps->info.echo(source, event, data);
+
+	/* Check the event */
+	pps->current_mode = pps->params.mode;
+	if (event & PPS_CAPTUREASSERT) {
+		/* We have to add an offset? */
+		if (pps->params.mode & PPS_OFFSETASSERT)
+			pps_add_offset(&ts, &pps->params.assert_off_tu);
+
+		/* Save the time stamp */
+		pps->assert_tu = ts;
+		pps->assert_sequence++;
+		pr_debug("capture assert seq #%u for source %d\n",
+			pps->assert_sequence, source);
+	}
+	if (event & PPS_CAPTURECLEAR) {
+		/* We have to add an offset? */
+		if (pps->params.mode & PPS_OFFSETCLEAR)
+			pps_add_offset(&ts, &pps->params.clear_off_tu);
+
+		/* Save the time stamp */
+		pps->clear_tu = ts;
+		pps->clear_sequence++;
+		pr_debug("capture clear seq #%u for source %d\n",
+			pps->clear_sequence, source);
+	}
+
+	pps->go = ~0;
+	wake_up_interruptible(&pps->queue);
+
+	kill_fasync(&pps->async_queue, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pps->lock, flags);
+
+	/* Now we can release the PPS source for (possible) deregistration */
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&idr_lock, flags);
+	atomic_dec(&pps->usage);
+	wake_up_all(&pps->usage_queue);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&idr_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_event);
diff --git a/drivers/pps/pps.c b/drivers/pps/pps.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b3b9af8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pps/pps.c
@@ -0,0 +1,342 @@
+/*
+ * pps.c -- Main PPS support file
+ *
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005-2007   Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/pps.h>
+
+/*
+ * Local variables
+ */
+
+static dev_t pps_devt;
+static struct class *pps_class;
+
+/*
+ * Char device methods
+ */
+
+static unsigned int pps_cdev_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = file->private_data;
+
+	poll_wait(file, &pps->queue, wait);
+
+	return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+}
+
+static int pps_cdev_fasync(int fd, struct file *file, int on)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = file->private_data;
+	return fasync_helper(fd, file, on, &pps->async_queue);
+}
+
+static int pps_cdev_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
+		unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = file->private_data;
+	struct pps_kparams params;
+	struct pps_fdata fdata;
+	unsigned long ticks;
+	void __user *uarg = (void __user *) arg;
+	int __user *iuarg = (int __user *) arg;
+	int err;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case PPS_CHECK:
+
+		/* This does nothing but signal we are a PPS source... */
+
+		return 0;
+
+	case PPS_GETPARAMS:
+		pr_debug("PPS_GETPARAMS: source %d\n", pps->id);
+
+		/* Sanity checks */
+		if (!uarg)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		/* Return current parameters */
+		err = copy_to_user(uarg, &pps->params,
+						sizeof(struct pps_kparams));
+		if (err)
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		break;
+
+	case PPS_SETPARAMS:
+		pr_debug("PPS_SETPARAMS: source %d\n", pps->id);
+
+		/* Check the capabilities */
+		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME))
+			return -EPERM;
+
+		/* Sanity checks */
+		if (!uarg)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		err = copy_from_user(&params, uarg, sizeof(struct pps_kparams));
+		if (err)
+			return -EFAULT;
+		if (!(params.mode & (PPS_CAPTUREASSERT | PPS_CAPTURECLEAR))) {
+			pr_debug("capture mode unspecified (%x)\n",
+								params.mode);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		/* Check for supported capabilities */
+		if ((params.mode & ~pps->info.mode) != 0) {
+			pr_debug("unsupported capabilities (%x)\n",
+								params.mode);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		spin_lock_irq(&pps->lock);
+
+		/* Save the new parameters */
+		pps->params = params;
+
+		/* Restore the read only parameters */
+		if ((params.mode & (PPS_TSFMT_TSPEC | PPS_TSFMT_NTPFP)) == 0) {
+			/* section 3.3 of RFC 2783 interpreted */
+			pr_debug("time format unspecified (%x)\n",
+								params.mode);
+			pps->params.mode |= PPS_TSFMT_TSPEC;
+		}
+		if (pps->info.mode & PPS_CANWAIT)
+			pps->params.mode |= PPS_CANWAIT;
+		pps->params.api_version = PPS_API_VERS;
+
+		spin_unlock_irq(&pps->lock);
+
+		break;
+
+	case PPS_GETCAP:
+		pr_debug("PPS_GETCAP: source %d\n", pps->id);
+
+		/* Sanity checks */
+		if (!uarg)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		err = put_user(pps->info.mode, iuarg);
+		if (err)
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		break;
+
+	case PPS_FETCH:
+		pr_debug("PPS_FETCH: source %d\n", pps->id);
+
+		if (!uarg)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		err = copy_from_user(&fdata, uarg, sizeof(struct pps_fdata));
+		if (err)
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		pps->go = 0;
+
+		/* Manage the timeout */
+		if (fdata.timeout.flags & PPS_TIME_INVALID)
+			err = wait_event_interruptible(pps->queue, pps->go);
+		else {
+			pr_debug("timeout %lld.%09d\n",
+					fdata.timeout.sec, fdata.timeout.nsec);
+			ticks = fdata.timeout.sec * HZ;
+			ticks += fdata.timeout.nsec / (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ);
+
+			if (ticks != 0) {
+				err = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(
+						pps->queue, pps->go, ticks);
+				if (err == 0)
+					return -ETIMEDOUT;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* Check for pending signals */
+		if (err == -ERESTARTSYS) {
+			pr_debug("pending signal caught\n");
+			return -EINTR;
+		}
+
+		/* Return the fetched timestamp */
+		spin_lock_irq(&pps->lock);
+
+		fdata.info.assert_sequence = pps->assert_sequence;
+		fdata.info.clear_sequence = pps->clear_sequence;
+		fdata.info.assert_tu = pps->assert_tu;
+		fdata.info.clear_tu = pps->clear_tu;
+		fdata.info.current_mode = pps->current_mode;
+
+		spin_unlock_irq(&pps->lock);
+
+		err = copy_to_user(uarg, &fdata, sizeof(struct pps_fdata));
+		if (err)
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		return -ENOTTY;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pps_cdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
+						struct pps_device, cdev);
+	int found;
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&idr_lock);
+	found = idr_find(&pps_idr, pps->id) != NULL;
+
+	/* Lock the PPS source against (possible) deregistration */
+	if (found)
+		atomic_inc(&pps->usage);
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&idr_lock);
+
+	if (!found)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	file->private_data = pps;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pps_cdev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = file->private_data;
+
+	/* Free the PPS source and wake up (possible) deregistration */
+	atomic_dec(&pps->usage);
+	wake_up_all(&pps->usage_queue);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Char device stuff
+ */
+
+static const struct file_operations pps_cdev_fops = {
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.llseek		= no_llseek,
+	.poll		= pps_cdev_poll,
+	.fasync		= pps_cdev_fasync,
+	.ioctl		= pps_cdev_ioctl,
+	.open		= pps_cdev_open,
+	.release	= pps_cdev_release,
+};
+
+int pps_register_cdev(struct pps_device *pps)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	pps->devno = MKDEV(MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
+	cdev_init(&pps->cdev, &pps_cdev_fops);
+	pps->cdev.owner = pps->info.owner;
+
+	err = cdev_add(&pps->cdev, pps->devno, 1);
+	if (err) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: failed to add char device %d:%d\n",
+				pps->info.name, MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
+		return err;
+	}
+	pps->dev = device_create(pps_class, pps->info.dev, pps->devno,
+							"pps%d", pps->id);
+	if (err)
+		goto del_cdev;
+	dev_set_drvdata(pps->dev, pps);
+
+	pr_debug("source %s got cdev (%d:%d)\n", pps->info.name,
+			MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
+
+	return 0;
+
+del_cdev:
+	cdev_del(&pps->cdev);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+void pps_unregister_cdev(struct pps_device *pps)
+{
+	device_destroy(pps_class, pps->devno);
+	cdev_del(&pps->cdev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Module staff
+ */
+
+static void __exit pps_exit(void)
+{
+	class_destroy(pps_class);
+
+	if (pps_devt)
+		unregister_chrdev_region(pps_devt, PPS_MAX_SOURCES);
+
+	pr_info("LinuxPPS API ver. %d removed\n", PPS_API_VERS);
+}
+
+static int __init pps_init(void)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	pps_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "pps");
+	if (!pps_class) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: failed to allocate class\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	err = alloc_chrdev_region(&pps_devt, 0, PPS_MAX_SOURCES, "pps");
+	if (err < 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "pps: failed to allocate char device region\n");
+		goto remove_class;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("LinuxPPS API ver. %d registered\n", PPS_API_VERS);
+	pr_info("Software ver. %s - Copyright 2005-2007 Rodolfo Giometti "
+		"<giometti@linux.it>\n", PPS_VERSION);
+
+	return 0;
+
+remove_class:
+	class_destroy(pps_class);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+subsys_initcall(pps_init);
+module_exit(pps_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("LinuxPPS support (RFC 2783) - ver. " PPS_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/drivers/pps/sysfs.c b/drivers/pps/sysfs.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9b65ddd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pps/sysfs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,142 @@
+/*
+ * sysfs.c -- sysfs support
+ *
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007   Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/pps.h>
+
+/*
+ * Attribute functions
+ */
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_assert(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lld.%09d#%d\n",
+			pps->assert_tu.sec, pps->assert_tu.nsec,
+			pps->assert_sequence);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(assert, S_IRUGO, pps_show_assert, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_clear(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%lld.%09d#%d\n",
+			pps->clear_tu.sec, pps->clear_tu.nsec,
+			pps->clear_sequence);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(clear, S_IRUGO, pps_show_clear, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_mode(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%4x\n", pps->info.mode);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(mode, S_IRUGO, pps_show_mode, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_echo(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", !!pps->info.echo);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(echo, S_IRUGO, pps_show_echo, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_name(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", pps->info.name);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, pps_show_name, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pps_show_path(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct pps_device *pps = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", pps->info.path);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR(path, S_IRUGO, pps_show_path, NULL);
+
+/*
+ * Public functions
+ */
+
+void pps_sysfs_remove_source_entry(struct pps_device *pps)
+{
+	/* Delete info files */
+	if (pps->info.mode & PPS_CAPTUREASSERT)
+		device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_assert);
+
+	if (pps->info.mode & PPS_CAPTURECLEAR)
+		device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_clear);
+
+	device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_mode);
+	device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_echo);
+	device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_name);
+	device_remove_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_path);
+}
+
+int pps_sysfs_create_source_entry(struct pps_device *pps)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Create file "assert" and "clear" according to source capability */
+	if (pps->info.mode & PPS_CAPTUREASSERT) {
+		ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_assert);
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"assert\" "
+					"sysfs entry");
+	}
+
+	if (pps->info.mode & PPS_CAPTURECLEAR) {
+		ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_clear);
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"clear\" "
+					"sysfs entry");
+	}
+
+	ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_mode);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"mode\" sysfs entry");
+	ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_echo);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"echo\" sysfs entry");
+	ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_name);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"name\" sysfs entry");
+	ret = device_create_file(pps->dev, &dev_attr_path);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(pps->dev, "unable to create \"path\" sysfs entry");
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/Kbuild b/include/linux/Kbuild
index c0f9bb7..93c5363 100644
--- a/include/linux/Kbuild
+++ b/include/linux/Kbuild
@@ -297,6 +297,7 @@ unifdef-y += pmu.h
 unifdef-y += poll.h
 unifdef-y += ppp_defs.h
 unifdef-y += ppp-comp.h
+unifdef-y += pps.h
 unifdef-y += ptrace.h
 unifdef-y += qnx4_fs.h
 unifdef-y += quota.h
diff --git a/include/linux/pps.h b/include/linux/pps.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5a86109
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/pps.h
@@ -0,0 +1,204 @@
+/*
+ * pps.h -- PPS API kernel header.
+ *
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2005-2007   Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *   (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+
+#ifndef _PPS_H_
+#define _PPS_H_
+
+/* Implementation note: the logical states ``assert'' and ``clear''
+ * are implemented in terms of the chip register, i.e. ``assert''
+ * means the bit is set.  */
+
+/*
+ * 3.2 New data structures
+ */
+
+#ifndef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#else
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#endif
+
+#define PPS_API_VERS_1		1
+#define PPS_API_VERS		PPS_API_VERS_1	/* we use API version 1 */
+#define PPS_MAX_NAME_LEN	32
+
+/* 32-bit vs. 64-bit compatibility.
+ *
+ * 0n i386, the alignment of a uint64_t is only 4 bytes, while on most other
+ * architectures it's 8 bytes. On i386, there will be no padding between the
+ * two consecutive 'struct pps_ktime' members of struct pps_kinfo and struct
+ * pps_kparams. But on most platforms there will be padding to ensure correct
+ * alignment.
+ *
+ * The simple fix is probably to add an explicit padding.
+ *					 		[David Woodhouse]
+ */
+struct pps_ktime {
+	__s64 sec;
+	__s32 nsec;
+	__u32 flags;
+};
+#define PPS_TIME_INVALID	(1<<0)	/* used to specify timeout==NULL */
+
+struct pps_kinfo {
+	__u32 assert_sequence;		/* seq. num. of assert event */
+	__u32 clear_sequence; 		/* seq. num. of clear event */
+	struct pps_ktime assert_tu;	/* time of assert event */
+	struct pps_ktime clear_tu;	/* time of clear event */
+	int current_mode;		/* current mode bits */
+};
+
+struct pps_kparams {
+	int api_version;		/* API version # */
+	int mode;			/* mode bits */
+	struct pps_ktime assert_off_tu;	/* offset compensation for assert */
+	struct pps_ktime clear_off_tu;	/* offset compensation for clear */
+};
+
+/*
+ * 3.3 Mode bit definitions
+ */
+
+/* Device/implementation parameters */
+#define PPS_CAPTUREASSERT	0x01	/* capture assert events */
+#define PPS_CAPTURECLEAR	0x02	/* capture clear events */
+#define PPS_CAPTUREBOTH		0x03	/* capture assert and clear events */
+
+#define PPS_OFFSETASSERT	0x10	/* apply compensation for assert ev. */
+#define PPS_OFFSETCLEAR		0x20	/* apply compensation for clear ev. */
+
+#define PPS_CANWAIT		0x100	/* can we wait for an event? */
+#define PPS_CANPOLL		0x200	/* bit reserved for future use */
+
+/* Kernel actions */
+#define PPS_ECHOASSERT		0x40	/* feed back assert event to output */
+#define PPS_ECHOCLEAR		0x80	/* feed back clear event to output */
+
+/* Timestamp formats */
+#define PPS_TSFMT_TSPEC		0x1000	/* select timespec format */
+#define PPS_TSFMT_NTPFP		0x2000	/* select NTP format */
+
+/*
+ * 3.4.4 New functions: disciplining the kernel timebase
+ */
+
+/* Kernel consumers */
+#define PPS_KC_HARDPPS		0	/* hardpps() (or equivalent) */
+#define PPS_KC_HARDPPS_PLL	1	/* hardpps() constrained to
+					   use a phase-locked loop */
+#define PPS_KC_HARDPPS_FLL	2	/* hardpps() constrained to
+					   use a frequency-locked loop */
+/*
+ * Here begins the implementation-specific part!
+ */
+
+struct pps_fdata {
+	struct pps_kinfo info;
+	struct pps_ktime timeout;
+};
+
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#define PPS_CHECK		_IO('P', 0)
+#define PPS_GETPARAMS		_IOR('P', 1, struct pps_kparams *)
+#define PPS_SETPARAMS		_IOW('P', 2, struct pps_kparams *)
+#define PPS_GETCAP		_IOR('P', 3, int *)
+#define PPS_FETCH		_IOWR('P', 4, struct pps_fdata *)
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+
+#define PPS_VERSION		"5.0.0"
+#define PPS_MAX_SOURCES		16		/* should be enought... */
+
+/*
+ * Global defines
+ */
+
+/* The specific PPS source info */
+struct pps_source_info {
+	char name[PPS_MAX_NAME_LEN];		/* simbolic name */
+	char path[PPS_MAX_NAME_LEN];		/* path of connected device */
+	int mode;				/* PPS's allowed mode */
+
+	void (*echo)(int source, int event, void *data); /* PPS echo function */
+
+	struct module *owner;
+	struct device *dev;
+};
+
+/* The main struct */
+struct pps_device {
+	struct pps_source_info info;		/* PSS source info */
+
+	struct pps_kparams params;		/* PPS's current params */
+
+	__u32 assert_sequence;			/* PPS' assert event seq # */
+	__u32 clear_sequence;			/* PPS' clear event seq # */
+	struct pps_ktime assert_tu;
+	struct pps_ktime clear_tu;
+	int current_mode;			/* PPS mode at event time */
+
+	int go;					/* PPS event is arrived? */
+	wait_queue_head_t queue;		/* PPS event queue */
+
+	unsigned int id;			/* PPS source unique ID */
+	struct cdev cdev;
+	struct device *dev;
+	int devno;
+	struct fasync_struct *async_queue;	/* fasync method */
+	spinlock_t lock;
+
+	atomic_t usage;				/* usage count */
+	wait_queue_head_t usage_queue;
+
+	struct class class_dev;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Global variables
+ */
+
+extern spinlock_t idr_lock;
+extern struct idr pps_idr;
+
+/*
+ * Exported functions
+ */
+
+extern int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info,
+				int default_params);
+extern void pps_unregister_source(int source);
+extern int pps_register_cdev(struct pps_device *pps);
+extern void pps_unregister_cdev(struct pps_device *pps);
+extern void pps_event(int source, int event, void *data);
+
+extern int pps_sysfs_create_source_entry(struct pps_device *pps);
+extern void pps_sysfs_remove_source_entry(struct pps_device *pps);
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif /* _PPS_H_ */
-- 
1.5.2.5


  reply	other threads:[~2008-02-08 18:03 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-02-08 18:00 LinuxPPS: the PPS Linux implementation Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00 ` Rodolfo Giometti [this message]
2008-02-08 18:00   ` [PATCH 2/8] PPS: basic documentation file Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00     ` [PATCH 3/8] PPS: userland header file for PPS API Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00       ` [PATCH 4/8] PPS: documentation programs and examples Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00         ` [PATCH 5/8] PPS: LinuxPPS clients support Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00           ` [PATCH 6/8] PPS: serial " Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00             ` [PATCH 7/8] PPS: example program to enable PPS support on serial ports Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 18:00               ` [PATCH 8/8] PPS: parallel port clients support Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-08 19:11   ` [PATCH 1/8] LinuxPPS core support Sam Ravnborg
2008-02-09  6:45   ` Greg KH
2008-02-11  9:53     ` Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-11 15:25       ` Greg KH
2008-02-11 18:31         ` Rodolfo Giometti
2008-02-11 18:42           ` Rodolfo Giometti

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