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* [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology
@ 2018-05-09  6:44 Byungchul Park
  2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 1/2] sched/deadline: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_later_rq() Byungchul Park
  2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2018-05-09  6:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

Change from v10
   -. modify a comment a bit as Steven suggested

Change from v9
   -. modify a comment a bit so to be more clear as Juri suggested

Change from v8
   -. add suggested-by Peterz
   -. add several comments

Change from v7
   -. fix a trivial typo
   -. modify commit messages to explain what it does more clearly
   -. simplify code with an existing macro

Change from v6
   -. add a comment about selection of fallback_cpu incase more than one exist
   -. modify a comment explaining what we do wrt PREFER_SIBLING

Change from v5
   -. exclude two patches already picked up by peterz
      (sched/deadline: Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology)
      (sched/deadline: Change return value of cpudl_find())
   -. apply what peterz fixed for 'prefer sibling', into deadline and rt

Change from v4
   -. remove a patch that might cause huge lock contention
      (by spin lock(&cpudl.lock) in a hot path of scheduler)

Change from v3
   -. rename closest_cpu to best_cpu so that it align with rt
   -. protect referring cpudl.elements with cpudl.lock
   -. change return value of cpudl_find() to bool

Change from v2
   -. add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING

Change from v1
   -. clean up the patch

Byungchul Park (2):
  sched/deadline: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_later_rq()
  sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()

 kernel/sched/deadline.c | 82 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/sched/rt.c       | 80 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 2 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 1/2] sched/deadline: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_later_rq()
  2018-05-09  6:44 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2018-05-09  6:44 ` Byungchul Park
  2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2018-05-09  6:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Acked-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@arm.com>
---
 kernel/sched/deadline.c | 82 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 75 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/deadline.c b/kernel/sched/deadline.c
index 0223694..d619c07 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/deadline.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/deadline.c
@@ -1319,12 +1319,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_earliest_pushable_dl_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask_dl);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_later_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *later_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask_dl);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!later_mask))
@@ -1376,15 +1399,37 @@ static int find_later_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(later_mask,
-							sched_domain_span(sd));
 			/*
-			 * Last chance: if a cpu being in both later_mask
-			 * and current sd span is valid, that becomes our
-			 * choice. Of course, the latest possible cpu is
-			 * already under consideration through later_mask.
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the later_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the latest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through later_mask.
 			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(later_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1393,6 +1438,29 @@ static int find_later_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * At this point, all our guesses failed, we just return
 	 * 'something', and let the caller sort the things out.
 	 */
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2018-05-09  6:44 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
  2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 1/2] sched/deadline: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_later_rq() Byungchul Park
@ 2018-05-09  6:44 ` Byungchul Park
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2018-05-09  6:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2018-01-08  6:14 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
@ 2018-01-10 17:45   ` kbuild test robot
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: kbuild test robot @ 2018-01-10 17:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Byungchul Park
  Cc: kbuild-all, peterz, mingo, rostedt, tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel,
	juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

Hi Byungchul,

Thank you for the patch! Perhaps something to improve:

[auto build test WARNING on tip/sched/core]
[also build test WARNING on v4.15-rc7 next-20180110]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help improve the system]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Byungchul-Park/sched-deadline-Add-support-for-SD_PREFER_SIBLING-on-find_later_rq/20180110-225946
reproduce:
        # apt-get install sparse
        make ARCH=x86_64 allmodconfig
        make C=1 CF=-D__CHECK_ENDIAN__


sparse warnings: (new ones prefixed by >>)

   kernel/sched/sched.h:2104:16: sparse: incompatible types in comparison expression (different address spaces)
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1681:9: sparse: incompatible types in comparison expression (different address spaces)
>> kernel/sched/rt.c:1629:55: sparse: incorrect type in argument 1 (different modifiers) @@ expected struct sched_domain @@ got structstruct sched_domain @@
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1629:55: expected struct sched_domain
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1629:55: got struct sched_domain const
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1630:64: sparse: incorrect type in argument 1 (different modifiers) @@ expected struct sched_domain @@ got structstruct sched_domain @@
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1630:64: expected struct sched_domain
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1630:64: got struct sched_domain const
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1824:9: sparse: context imbalance in 'find_lock_lowest_rq' - different lock contexts for basic block
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1919:9: sparse: context imbalance in 'push_rt_task' - unexpected unlock
   kernel/sched/rt.c: In function 'find_cpu':
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1629:48: warning: passing argument 1 of 'sched_domain_span' discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type
    const struct cpumask = sched_domain_span(sd);
    ^~
   In file included from kernel/sched/sched.h:6:0,
    from kernel/sched/rt.c:7:
   include/linux/sched/topology.h:160:31: note: expected 'struct sched_domain but argument is of type 'const struct sched_domain
    static inline struct cpumask sched_domain
    ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   kernel/sched/rt.c:1630:57: warning: passing argument 1 of 'sched_domain_span' discards 'const' qualifier from pointer target type
    const struct cpumask = prefer sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
    ^~~~~~
   In file included from kernel/sched/sched.h:6:0,
    from kernel/sched/rt.c:7:
   include/linux/sched/topology.h:160:31: note: expected 'struct sched_domain but argument is of type 'const struct sched_domain
    static inline struct cpumask sched_domain
    ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

vim +1629 kernel/sched/rt.c

  1621	
  1622	/*
  1623	 * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
  1624	 */
  1625	static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
  1626			    const struct sched_domain *sd,
  1627			    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
  1628	{
> 1629		const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
  1630		const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
  1631		int cpu;
  1632	
  1633		for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
  1634			if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
  1635				continue;
  1636			if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
  1637				continue;
  1638			break;
  1639		}
  1640	
  1641		return cpu;
  1642	}
  1643	

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/pipermail/kbuild-all                   Intel Corporation

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2018-01-08  6:14 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2018-01-08  6:14 ` Byungchul Park
  2018-01-10 17:45   ` kbuild test robot
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2018-01-08  6:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2017-12-28 23:32 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2017-12-28 23:32 ` Byungchul Park
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2017-12-28 23:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2017-12-19  1:20 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2017-12-19  1:20 ` Byungchul Park
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2017-12-19  1:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, bristot, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2017-11-02  1:25 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2017-11-02  1:25 ` Byungchul Park
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2017-11-02  1:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt
  Cc: tglx, raistlin, linux-kernel, juri.lelli, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq()
  2017-10-10  6:37 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
@ 2017-10-10  6:37 ` Byungchul Park
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Byungchul Park @ 2017-10-10  6:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: peterz, mingo, rostedt; +Cc: linux-kernel, juri.lelli, kernel-team

It would be better to try to check other siblings first if
SD_PREFER_SIBLING is flaged when pushing tasks - migration.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/sched/rt.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 77 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/rt.c b/kernel/sched/rt.c
index 979b734..a32e36d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1618,12 +1618,35 @@ static struct task_struct *pick_highest_pushable_task(struct rq *rq, int cpu)
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, local_cpu_mask);
 
+/*
+ * Find the first cpu in: mask & sd & ~prefer
+ */
+static int find_cpu(const struct cpumask *mask,
+		    const struct sched_domain *sd,
+		    const struct sched_domain *prefer)
+{
+	const struct cpumask *sds = sched_domain_span(sd);
+	const struct cpumask *ps  = prefer ? sched_domain_span(prefer) : NULL;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) {
+		if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sds))
+			continue;
+		if (ps && cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, ps))
+			continue;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return cpu;
+}
+
 static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 {
-	struct sched_domain *sd;
+	struct sched_domain *sd, *prefer = NULL;
 	struct cpumask *lowest_mask = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(local_cpu_mask);
 	int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	int cpu      = task_cpu(task);
+	int fallback_cpu = -1;
 
 	/* Make sure the mask is initialized first */
 	if (unlikely(!lowest_mask))
@@ -1668,9 +1691,37 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 				return this_cpu;
 			}
 
-			best_cpu = cpumask_first_and(lowest_mask,
-						     sched_domain_span(sd));
+			/*
+			 * If a cpu exists that is in the lowest_mask and
+			 * the current sd span, but not in the prefer sd
+			 * span, then that becomes our choice.
+			 *
+			 * Of course, the lowest possible cpu is already
+			 * under consideration through lowest_mask.
+			 */
+			best_cpu = find_cpu(lowest_mask, sd, prefer);
+
 			if (best_cpu < nr_cpu_ids) {
+				/*
+				 * If current domain is SD_PREFER_SIBLING
+				 * flaged, we have to try to check other
+				 * siblings first.
+				 */
+				if (sd->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING) {
+					prefer = sd;
+
+					/*
+					 * fallback_cpu should be one
+					 * in the closest domain among
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains,
+					 * in case that more than one
+					 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domains
+					 * exist in the hierachy.
+					 */
+					if (fallback_cpu == -1)
+						fallback_cpu = best_cpu;
+					continue;
+				}
 				rcu_read_unlock();
 				return best_cpu;
 			}
@@ -1679,6 +1730,29 @@ static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task)
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/*
+	 * If fallback_cpu is valid, all our guesses failed *except* for
+	 * SD_PREFER_SIBLING domain. Now, we can return the fallback cpu.
+	 *
+	 * XXX: Consider the following example, 4 cores SMT2 system:
+	 *
+	 *    LLC [0       -        7]
+	 *    SMT [0 1][2 3][4 5][6 7]
+	 *         o x  o x  x x  x x
+	 *
+	 *    where 'o': occupied and 'x': empty.
+	 *
+	 * A wakeup on cpu0 will exclude cpu1 and choose cpu3, since
+	 * cpu1 is in a SD_PREFER_SIBLING sd and cpu3 is not. However,
+	 * in this case, cpu4 would have been a better choice, since
+	 * cpu3 is a (SMT) thread of an already loaded core.
+	 *
+	 * Doing it 'right' is difficult and expensive. The current
+	 * solution is an acceptable approximation.
+	 */
+	if (fallback_cpu != -1)
+		return fallback_cpu;
+
+	/*
 	 * And finally, if there were no matches within the domains
 	 * just give the caller *something* to work with from the compatible
 	 * locations.
-- 
1.9.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2018-05-09  6:45 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2018-05-09  6:44 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 1/2] sched/deadline: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_later_rq() Byungchul Park
2018-05-09  6:44 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2018-01-08  6:14 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2018-01-08  6:14 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
2018-01-10 17:45   ` kbuild test robot
2017-12-28 23:32 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2017-12-28 23:32 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
2017-12-19  1:20 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2017-12-19  1:20 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
2017-11-02  1:25 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2017-11-02  1:25 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park
2017-10-10  6:37 [RESEND PATCH v11 0/2] Make find_later_rq() choose a closer cpu in topology Byungchul Park
2017-10-10  6:37 ` [RESEND PATCH v11 2/2] sched/rt: Add support for SD_PREFER_SIBLING on find_lowest_rq() Byungchul Park

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