LKML Archive on
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <>
To: <>, <>,
	<>, <>,
	<>, <>,
	<>, <>, <>,
	<>, <>,
Cc: <>, <>,
	Naga Sureshkumar Relli <>
Subject: [LINUX PATCH v9 3/4] Documentation: nand: pl353: Add documentation for controller and driver
Date: Wed, 6 Jun 2018 13:19:41 +0530	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Added notes about the controller and driver

Signed-off-by: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <>
Changes in v9:
 - Addressed the comments given by Miquel and Randy
Changes in v8
 - None
Changes in v7:
- None
Changes in v6:
- None
Changes in v5:
- Fixed the review comments
Changes in v4:
- None
 Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 99 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt b/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c352c87
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+This document provides some notes about the ARM pl353 SMC controller used in
+Zynq SOC and confined to NAND specific details.
+Overview of the controller
+	The SMC (PL353) supports two memory interfaces:
+	Interface 0 type SRAM.
+	Interface 1 type NAND.
+	This configuration supports the following configurable options:
+	   . 32-bit or 64-bit AXI data width
+	   . 8-bit, 16-bit, or 32-bit memory data width for interface 0
+	   . 8-bit, or 16-bit memory data width for interface 1
+	   . 1-4 chip selects on each interface
+	   . SLC ECC block for interface 1
+For more information, refer the below link for TRM
+NAND memory accesses
+	. Two phase NAND accesses
+	. NAND command phase transfers
+	. NAND data phase transfers
+Two phase NAND accesses
+	The SMC defines two phases of commands when transferring data to or from
+NAND flash.
+Command phase
+	Commands and optional address information are written to the NAND flash.
+The command and address can be associated with either a data phase operation to
+write to or read from the array, or a status/ID register transfer.
+Data phase
+ Data is either written to or read from the NAND flash. This data can be either
+data transferred to or from the array, or status/ID register information.
+NAND AXI address setup
+       AXI address      Command phase      Data phase
+	[31:24]         Chip address       Chip address
+	[23]            NoOfAddCycles_2    Reserved
+	[22]            NoOfAddCycles_1    Reserved
+	[21]            NoOfAddCycles_0    ClearCS
+	[20]            End command valid  End command valid
+	[19]            0                  1
+	[18:11]         End command        End command
+	[10:3]          Start command      [10] ECC Last
+					   [9:3] Reserved
+	[2:0]           Reserved           Reserved
+    It operates on a number of 512 byte blocks of NAND memory and can be
+programmed to store the ECC codes after the data in memory. For writes,
+the ECC is written to the spare area of the page. For reads, the result of
+a block ECC check are made available to the device driver.
+|               n * 512 blocks                  | extra  | ecc    |     |
+|                                               | block  | codes  |     |
+The ECC calculation uses a simple Hamming code, using 1-bit correction 2-bit
+detection. It starts when a valid read or write command with a 512 byte aligned
+address is detected on the memory interface.
+Driver details
+	The NAND driver has dependency with the pl353_smc memory controller
+driver for initializing the NAND timing parameters, bus width, ECC modes,
+control and status information.
+Since the controller expects that the chip select bit would be cleared for the
+last data transfer i.e last 4 data bytes, the existing nand page
+read/write routines for soft ECC and ECC none modes will not work. So, in order
+to make this driver work, it always updates the ECC mode as HW ECC and
+implements the page read/write functions for supporting the SW ECC.
+i.e. There is a limitation in SMC controller, that we must set ECC LAST on
+last data phase access, to tell ECC block not to expect any data further.
+Ex:  When number of ECC STEPS are 4, then till 3 we will write to flash
+using SMC with HW ECC enabled. And for the last ECC STEP, we will subtract
+4bytes from page size, and will initiate a transfer. And the remaining 4 as
+one more transfer with ECC_LAST bit set in NAND data phase register to notify
+ECC block not to expect any more data. The last block should be align with end
+of 512 byte block. Because of this limitation, we are not using core routines.
+HW ECC mode:
+	Up to 2K page size is supported and beyond that it returns
+-ENOTSUPPORT error. If the flash has on-die ECC controller then the
+priority is given to the on-die ECC controller. Also the current
+implementation has support for up to 64 bytes of OOB data.
+SW ECC mode:
+	It supports all the page sizes. But since, Zynq SOC bootrom uses
+HW ECC for the devices that have page <= 2K. so, When the kernel is not
+aware of the ECC mode, it uses HW ECC by default.
+For devicetree binding information please refer to the below dt binding file

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-06-06  7:52 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-06-06  7:49 [LINUX PATCH v9 0/4] Add arm pl353 smc memory and nand driver for xilinx zynq soc Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-06  7:49 ` [LINUX PATCH v9 1/4] Devicetree: Add pl353 smc controller devicetree binding information Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-07 15:42   ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-07 15:47     ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-08  5:20     ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-08  5:51       ` Boris Brezillon
2018-06-08  8:01         ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-08  7:23       ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-06  7:49 ` [LINUX PATCH v9 2/4] memory: pl353: Add driver for arm pl353 static memory controller Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-07 16:07   ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-19 10:54     ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-06  7:49 ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli [this message]
2018-06-06  7:49 ` [LINUX PATCH v9 4/4] mtd: rawnand: pl353: Add basic driver for arm pl353 smc nand interface Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-07 19:59   ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-08 12:23     ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli
2018-06-08 12:35       ` Miquel Raynal
2018-06-08 13:08         ` Naga Sureshkumar Relli

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \
    --subject='Re: [LINUX PATCH v9 3/4] Documentation: nand: pl353: Add documentation for controller and driver' \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).