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From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>, Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>,
	Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>,
	Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>,
	linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, osalvador@suse.de, mhocko@suse.com
Subject: [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
Date: Mon, 06 May 2019 16:40:14 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <155718601407.130019.14248061058774128227.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <155718596657.130019.17139634728875079809.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com>

The libnvdimm sub-system has suffered a series of hacks and broken
workarounds for the memory-hotplug implementation's awkward
section-aligned (128MB) granularity. For example the following backtrace
is emitted when attempting arch_add_memory() with physical address
ranges that intersect 'System RAM' (RAM) with 'Persistent Memory' (PMEM)
within a given section:

 WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 558 at kernel/memremap.c:300 devm_memremap_pages+0x3b5/0x4c0
 devm_memremap_pages attempted on mixed region [mem 0x200000000-0x2fbffffff flags 0x200]
 [..]
 Call Trace:
   dump_stack+0x86/0xc3
   __warn+0xcb/0xf0
   warn_slowpath_fmt+0x5f/0x80
   devm_memremap_pages+0x3b5/0x4c0
   __wrap_devm_memremap_pages+0x58/0x70 [nfit_test_iomap]
   pmem_attach_disk+0x19a/0x440 [nd_pmem]

Recently it was discovered that the problem goes beyond RAM vs PMEM
collisions as some platform produce PMEM vs PMEM collisions within a
given section. The libnvdimm workaround for that case revealed that the
libnvdimm section-alignment-padding implementation has been broken for a
long while. A fix for that long-standing breakage introduces as many
problems as it solves as it would require a backward-incompatible change
to the namespace metadata interpretation. Instead of that dubious route
[1], address the root problem in the memory-hotplug implementation.

[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/r/155000671719.348031.2347363160141119237.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 mm/sparse.c |  255 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 175 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index 8867f8901ee2..34f322d14e62 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -83,8 +83,15 @@ static int __meminit sparse_index_init(unsigned long section_nr, int nid)
 	unsigned long root = SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(section_nr);
 	struct mem_section *section;
 
+	/*
+	 * An existing section is possible in the sub-section hotplug
+	 * case. First hot-add instantiates, follow-on hot-add reuses
+	 * the existing section.
+	 *
+	 * The mem_hotplug_lock resolves the apparent race below.
+	 */
 	if (mem_section[root])
-		return -EEXIST;
+		return 0;
 
 	section = sparse_index_alloc(nid);
 	if (!section)
@@ -210,6 +217,15 @@ static inline unsigned long first_present_section_nr(void)
 	return next_present_section_nr(-1);
 }
 
+void subsection_mask_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages)
+{
+	int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
+	int end = subsection_map_index(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
+
+	bitmap_set(map, idx, end - idx + 1);
+}
+
 void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 {
 	int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
@@ -219,20 +235,17 @@ void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 		return;
 
 	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
-		int idx, end;
-		unsigned long pfns;
 		struct mem_section *ms;
+		unsigned long pfns;
 
-		idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
 		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
 				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
-		end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);
-
 		ms = __nr_to_section(i);
-		bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);
+		subsection_mask_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, pfn, pfns);
 
 		pr_debug("%s: sec: %d pfns: %ld set(%d, %d)\n", __func__, i,
-				pfns, idx, end - idx + 1);
+				pfns, subsection_map_index(pfn),
+				subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1));
 
 		pfn += pfns;
 		nr_pages -= pfns;
@@ -319,6 +332,15 @@ static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
 		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
 {
+	/*
+	 * Given that SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y supports sub-section hotplug,
+	 * ->section_mem_map can not be guaranteed to point to a full
+	 *  section's worth of memory.  The field is only valid / used
+	 *  in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=n case.
+	 */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP))
+		mem_map = NULL;
+
 	ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
 	ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
 							SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
@@ -724,10 +746,142 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
 
+#ifndef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
+static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static bool is_early_section(struct mem_section *ms)
+{
+	struct page *usage_page;
+
+	usage_page = virt_to_page(ms->usage);
+	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page))
+		return false;
+	else
+		return true;
+}
+
+static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(tmp, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
+	bool early_section = is_early_section(ms);
+	struct page *memmap = NULL;
+	unsigned long *subsection_map = ms->usage
+		? &ms->usage->subsection_map[0] : NULL;
+
+	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
+	if (subsection_map)
+		bitmap_and(tmp, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+
+	if (WARN(!subsection_map || !bitmap_equal(tmp, map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION),
+				"section already deactivated (%#lx + %ld)\n",
+				pfn, nr_pages))
+		return;
+
+	if (WARN(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
+				&& nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION,
+				"partial memory section removal not supported\n"))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * There are 3 cases to handle across two configurations
+	 * (SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n}):
+	 *
+	 * 1/ deactivation of a partial hot-added section (only possible
+	 * in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y case).
+	 *    a/ section was present at memory init
+	 *    b/ section was hot-added post memory init
+	 * 2/ deactivation of a complete hot-added section
+	 * 3/ deactivation of a complete section from memory init
+	 *
+	 * For 1/, when subsection_map does not empty we will not be
+	 * freeing the usage map, but still need to free the vmemmap
+	 * range.
+	 *
+	 * For 2/ and 3/ the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n} cases are unified
+	 */
+	bitmap_xor(subsection_map, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+	if (bitmap_empty(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)) {
+		unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+
+		if (!early_section) {
+			kfree(ms->usage);
+			ms->usage = NULL;
+		}
+		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
+		ms->section_mem_map = sparse_encode_mem_map(NULL, section_nr);
+	}
+
+	if (early_section && memmap)
+		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
+	else
+		depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+}
+
+static struct page * __meminit section_activate(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
+	unsigned long *subsection_map;
+	struct page *memmap;
+	int rc = 0;
+
+	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
+
+	if (!ms->usage) {
+		usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!usage)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+		ms->usage = usage;
+	}
+	subsection_map = &ms->usage->subsection_map[0];
+
+	if (bitmap_empty(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
+		rc = -EINVAL;
+	else if (bitmap_intersects(map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
+		rc = -EEXIST;
+	else
+		bitmap_or(subsection_map, map, subsection_map,
+				SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+
+	if (rc) {
+		if (usage)
+			ms->usage = NULL;
+		kfree(usage);
+		return ERR_PTR(rc);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * The early init code does not consider partially populated
+	 * initial sections, it simply assumes that memory will never be
+	 * referenced.  If we hot-add memory into such a section then we
+	 * do not need to populate the memmap and can simply reuse what
+	 * is already there.
+	 */
+	if (nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION && is_early_section(ms))
+		return pfn_to_page(pfn);
+
+	memmap = populate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
+	if (!memmap) {
+		section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	return memmap;
+}
+
 /**
- * sparse_add_one_section - add a memory section
+ * sparse_add_section - add a memory section, or populate an existing one
  * @nid: The node to add section on
  * @start_pfn: start pfn of the memory range
+ * @nr_pages: number of pfns to add in the section
  * @altmap: device page map
  *
  * This is only intended for hotplug.
@@ -741,49 +895,31 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
-	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 	struct mem_section *ms;
 	struct page *memmap;
 	int ret;
 
-	/*
-	 * no locking for this, because it does its own
-	 * plus, it does a kmalloc
-	 */
 	ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
 	if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
 		return ret;
-	ret = 0;
-	memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
-			altmap);
-	if (!memmap)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!usage) {
-		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	}
 
-	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
-	if (ms->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT) {
-		ret = -EEXIST;
-		goto out;
-	}
+	memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+	if (IS_ERR(memmap))
+		return PTR_ERR(memmap);
+	ret = 0;
 
 	/*
 	 * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
 	 * combinations.
 	 */
-	page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+	page_init_poison(pfn_to_page(start_pfn), sizeof(struct page) * nr_pages);
 
+	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
 	section_mark_present(ms);
-	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
+	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
 
-out:
-	if (ret < 0) {
-		kfree(usage);
-		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
-	}
+	if (ret < 0)
+		section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -818,54 +954,13 @@ static inline void clear_hwpoisoned_pages(struct page *memmap, int nr_pages)
 }
 #endif
 
-static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
-		struct mem_section_usage *usage, unsigned long pfn,
-		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
-{
-	struct page *usage_page;
-
-	if (!usage)
-		return;
-
-	usage_page = virt_to_page(usage);
-	/*
-	 * Check to see if allocation came from hot-plug-add
-	 */
-	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page)) {
-		kfree(usage);
-		if (memmap)
-			depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
-		return;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * The usemap came from bootmem. This is packed with other usemaps
-	 * on the section which has pgdat at boot time. Just keep it as is now.
-	 */
-
-	if (memmap)
-		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
-}
-
 void sparse_remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		unsigned long map_offset, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	struct page *memmap = NULL;
-	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
-
-	if (ms->section_mem_map) {
-		usage = ms->usage;
-		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map,
-						__section_nr(ms));
-		ms->section_mem_map = 0;
-		ms->usage = NULL;
-	}
-
-	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(memmap + map_offset,
-			PAGES_PER_SECTION - map_offset);
-	free_section_usage(memmap, usage, section_nr_to_pfn(__section_nr(ms)),
-			PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
+	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(pfn_to_page(pfn) + map_offset,
+			nr_pages - map_offset);
+	section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, zone_to_nid(zone), altmap);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */


  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-05-06 23:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
2019-05-10 13:30   ` osalvador
2019-05-10 19:38     ` Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 02/12] mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot Dan Williams
2019-05-10 12:56   ` osalvador
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 04/12] mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone, pgdat}_span for sub-section removal Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 05/12] mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap() Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 06/12] mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages() Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 07/12] mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges Dan Williams
2019-05-10 13:00   ` osalvador
2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams [this message]
2019-05-08 23:15   ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Oscar Salvador
2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
2019-06-04  4:47     ` Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 10/12] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 11/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 12/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment Dan Williams
2019-05-13 21:01 ` [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Mike Rapoport
2019-05-13 21:11   ` Dan Williams
2019-06-04  7:41 ` Oscar Salvador

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