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From: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>
To: pbonzini@redhat.com, rkrcmar@redhat.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de, hpa@zytor.com,
	dave.hansen@linux.intel.com, luto@kernel.org,
	peterz@infradead.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: konrad.wilk@oracle.com, jan.setjeeilers@oracle.com,
	liran.alon@oracle.com, jwadams@google.com,
	alexandre.chartre@oracle.com
Subject: [RFC KVM 02/27] KVM: x86: Introduce address_space_isolation module parameter
Date: Mon, 13 May 2019 16:38:10 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1557758315-12667-3-git-send-email-alexandre.chartre@oracle.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1557758315-12667-1-git-send-email-alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>

From: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com>

Add the address_space_isolation parameter to the kvm module.

When set to true, KVM #VMExit handlers run in isolated address space
which maps only KVM required code and per-VM information instead of
entire kernel address space.

This mechanism is meant to mitigate memory-leak side-channels CPU
vulnerabilities (e.g. Spectre, L1TF and etc.) but can also be viewed
as security in-depth as it also helps generically against info-leaks
vulnerabilities in KVM #VMExit handlers and reduce the available
gadgets for ROP attacks.

This is set to false by default because it incurs a performance hit
which some users will not want to take for security gain.

Signed-off-by: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/Makefile    |    2 +-
 arch/x86/kvm/isolation.c |   26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kvm/isolation.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
index 31ecf7a..9f404e9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF)	+= $(KVM)/async_pf.o
 
 kvm-y			+= x86.o mmu.o emulate.o i8259.o irq.o lapic.o \
 			   i8254.o ioapic.o irq_comm.o cpuid.o pmu.o mtrr.o \
-			   hyperv.o page_track.o debugfs.o
+			   hyperv.o page_track.o debugfs.o isolation.o
 
 kvm-intel-y		+= vmx/vmx.o vmx/vmenter.o vmx/pmu_intel.o vmx/vmcs12.o vmx/evmcs.o vmx/nested.o
 kvm-amd-y		+= svm.o pmu_amd.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/isolation.c b/arch/x86/kvm/isolation.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e25f663
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/isolation.c
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * KVM Address Space Isolation
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+
+/*
+ * When set to true, KVM #VMExit handlers run in isolated address space
+ * which maps only KVM required code and per-VM information instead of
+ * entire kernel address space.
+ *
+ * This mechanism is meant to mitigate memory-leak side-channels CPU
+ * vulnerabilities (e.g. Spectre, L1TF and etc.) but can also be viewed
+ * as security in-depth as it also helps generically against info-leaks
+ * vulnerabilities in KVM #VMExit handlers and reduce the available
+ * gadgets for ROP attacks.
+ *
+ * This is set to false by default because it incurs a performance hit
+ * which some users will not want to take for security gain.
+ */
+static bool __read_mostly address_space_isolation;
+module_param(address_space_isolation, bool, 0444);
-- 
1.7.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-05-13 14:39 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 86+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-13 14:38 [RFC KVM 00/27] KVM Address Space Isolation Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 01/27] kernel: Export memory-management symbols required for KVM address space isolation Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:15   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-13 15:17     ` Liran Alon
2019-05-13 14:38 ` Alexandre Chartre [this message]
2019-05-13 15:46   ` [RFC KVM 02/27] KVM: x86: Introduce address_space_isolation module parameter Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 15:55     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 03/27] KVM: x86: Introduce KVM separate virtual address space Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:45   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 16:04     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 04/27] KVM: x86: Switch to KVM address space on entry to guest Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 05/27] KVM: x86: Add handler to exit kvm isolation Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:49   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 16:10     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 06/27] KVM: x86: Exit KVM isolation on IRQ entry Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:51   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 16:28     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 18:13       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14  7:07         ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14  7:58           ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 07/27] KVM: x86: Switch to host address space when may access sensitive data Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 08/27] KVM: x86: Optimize branches which checks if address space isolation enabled Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 09/27] kvm/isolation: function to track buffers allocated for the KVM page table Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 10/27] kvm/isolation: add KVM page table entry free functions Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 11/27] kvm/isolation: add KVM page table entry offset functions Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 12/27] kvm/isolation: add KVM page table entry allocation functions Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 13/27] kvm/isolation: add KVM page table entry set functions Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 14/27] kvm/isolation: functions to copy page table entries for a VA range Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 15/27] kvm/isolation: keep track of VA range mapped in KVM address space Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 16/27] kvm/isolation: functions to clear page table entries for a VA range Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 17/27] kvm/isolation: improve mapping copy when mapping is already present Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 18/27] kvm/isolation: function to copy page table entries for percpu buffer Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 18:18   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14  7:09     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14  8:25       ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-14  8:34         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14  9:41           ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-14 15:23             ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14 16:24               ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-14 17:05                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14 18:09                   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-05-14 20:33                     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14 21:06                       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-05-14 21:55                         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14 22:38                           ` Sean Christopherson
2019-05-18  0:05                             ` Jonathan Adams
2019-05-14 20:27                   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 19/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with core mappings Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:50   ` Dave Hansen
2019-05-13 16:00     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 17:00       ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 16:46     ` Sean Christopherson
2019-05-13 16:47     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-14 10:26       ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 20/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with vmx specific data Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 21/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with vmx VM data Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 22/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with vmx cpu data Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 23/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with the vcpu tasks Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 24/27] kvm/isolation: KVM page fault handler Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:15   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-13 21:25     ` Liran Alon
2019-05-14  2:02       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14  7:21         ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14 15:36           ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-14 15:43             ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 16:02   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 16:21     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 25/27] kvm/isolation: implement actual KVM isolation enter/exit Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 15:16   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-13 16:01   ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 26/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with KVM memslots Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 14:38 ` [RFC KVM 27/27] kvm/isolation: initialize the KVM page table with KVM buses Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 16:42 ` [RFC KVM 00/27] KVM Address Space Isolation Liran Alon
2019-05-13 18:17 ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-13 21:08   ` Liran Alon
2019-05-14  2:07     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-14  7:37       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14 21:32         ` Jan Setje-Eilers
2019-05-14  8:05       ` Liran Alon
2019-05-14  7:29     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-14  7:57       ` Liran Alon
2019-05-14  8:33     ` Alexandre Chartre
2019-05-13 19:31 ` Nakajima, Jun
2019-05-13 21:16   ` Liran Alon
     [not found]     ` <D07C8F51-F2DF-4C8B-AB3B-0DFABD5F4C33@intel.com>
2019-05-13 21:53       ` Liran Alon
2019-05-15 12:52 ` Alexandre Chartre

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