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From: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
To: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>,
	Ankur Arora <ankur.a.arora@oracle.com>
Cc: "Boris Ostrovsky" <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>,
	"Thomas Gleixner" <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"Ingo Molnar" <mingo@redhat.com>,
	"Borislav Petkov" <bp@alien8.de>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC 11/39] KVM: x86/xen: evtchn signaling via eventfd
Date: Mon, 30 Nov 2020 12:55:54 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <18e854e2a84750c2de2d32384710132b83d84286.camel@infradead.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <e83f6438-7256-1dc8-3b13-5498fd5bbed1@oracle.com>

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On Mon, 2020-11-30 at 12:17 +0000, Joao Martins wrote:
> On 11/30/20 9:41 AM, David Woodhouse wrote:
> > On Wed, 2019-02-20 at 20:15 +0000, Joao Martins wrote:
> > > userspace registers a @port to an @eventfd, that is bound to a
> > >  @vcpu. This information is then used when the guest does an
> > > EVTCHNOP_send with a port registered with the kernel.
> > 
> > Why do I want this part?
> > 
> 
> It is unnecessary churn to support eventfd at this point.
> 
> The patch subject/name is also a tad misleading, as
> it implements the event channel port offloading with the optional fd
> being just a small detail in addition.

Right, I'd got that the commit title overstated its importance, but was
wondering why the optional fd existed at all.

I looked through the later xen_shim parts, half expecting it to be used
there... but no, they add their own special case next to the place
where eventfd_signal() gets called, instead of hooking the shim up via
an eventfd.

> > > EVTCHNOP_send short-circuiting happens by marking the event as pending
> > > in the shared info and vcpu info pages and doing the upcall. For IPIs
> > > and interdomain event channels, we do the upcall on the assigned vcpu.
> > 
> > This part I understand, 'peeking' at the EVTCHNOP_send hypercall so
> > that we can short-circuit IPI delivery without it having to bounce
> > through userspace.
> > 
> > But why would I then want then short-circuit the short-circuit,
> > providing an eventfd for it to signal... so that I can then just
> > receive the event in userspace in a *different* form to the original
> > hypercall exit I would have got?
> > 
> 
> One thing I didn't quite do at the time, is the whitelisting of unregistered
> ports to userspace. Right now, it's a blacklist i.e. if it's not handled in
> the kernel (IPIs, timer vIRQ, etc) it goes back to userspace. When the only
> ones which go to userspace should be explicitly requested as such
> and otherwise return -ENOENT in the hypercall.

Hm, why would -ENOENT be a fast path which needs to be handled in the
kernel?

> Perhaps eventfd could be a way to express this? Like if you register
> without an eventfd it's offloaded, otherwise it's assigned to userspace,
> or if neither it's then returned an error without bothering the VMM.

I much prefer the simple model where the *only* event channels that the
kernel knows about are the ones it's expected to handle.

For any others, the bypass doesn't kick in, and userspace gets the
KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL exit.

> But still, eventfd is probably unnecessary complexity when another @type
> (XEN_EVTCHN_TYPE_USER) would serve, and then just exiting to userspace
> and let it route its evtchn port handling to the its own I/O handling thread.

Hmm... so the benefit of the eventfd is that we can wake the I/O thread
directly instead of bouncing out to userspace on the vCPU thread only
for it to send a signal and return to the guest? Did you ever use that,
and it is worth the additional in-kernel code?

Is there any reason we'd want that for IPI or VIRQ event channels, or
can it be only for INTERDOM/UNBOUND event channels which come later?

I'm tempted to leave it out of the first patch, and *maybe* add it back
in a later patch, putting it in the union alongside .virq.type.


                struct kvm_xen_eventfd {
 
 #define XEN_EVTCHN_TYPE_VIRQ 0
 #define XEN_EVTCHN_TYPE_IPI  1
                        __u32 type;
                        __u32 port;
                        __u32 vcpu;
-                       __s32 fd;
 
 #define KVM_XEN_EVENTFD_DEASSIGN       (1 << 0)
 #define KVM_XEN_EVENTFD_UPDATE         (1 << 1)
                        __u32 flags;
                        union {
                                struct {
                                        __u8 type;
                                } virq;
+                              struct {
+                                      __s32 eventfd;
+                              } interdom; /* including unbound */
                                __u32 padding[2];
                        };
               } evtchn;

Does that make sense to you?

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  reply	other threads:[~2020-11-30 12:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 126+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-02-20 20:15 [PATCH RFC 00/39] x86/KVM: Xen HVM guest support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 01/39] KVM: x86: fix Xen hypercall page msr handling Joao Martins
2019-02-22  1:30   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-02-22 11:47     ` Joao Martins
2019-02-22 12:51     ` Paolo Bonzini
2020-11-30 10:39       ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-30 11:03         ` Paolo Bonzini
2020-11-30 11:27           ` David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 02/39] KVM: x86/xen: intercept xen hypercalls if enabled Joao Martins
2019-02-21 18:29   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-02-21 20:56     ` Joao Martins
2019-02-22  0:30       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-02-22 12:50         ` Paolo Bonzini
2020-12-01  9:48   ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-01 11:19     ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 11:17       ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 12:12         ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02  5:19     ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-02  8:03       ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 18:20         ` Ankur Arora
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 03/39] KVM: x86/xen: register shared_info page Joao Martins
2020-12-01 13:07   ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02  0:40     ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-02  1:26       ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02  5:17         ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-02 10:50           ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 10:44       ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 12:20         ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 20:32           ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-03 10:16             ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-04 17:30               ` Sean Christopherson
2020-12-02 20:33         ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-12 12:07       ` David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 04/39] KVM: x86/xen: setup pvclock updates Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 05/39] KVM: x86/xen: update wallclock region Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 06/39] KVM: x86/xen: register vcpu info Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 07/39] KVM: x86/xen: register vcpu time info region Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 08/39] KVM: x86/xen: register steal clock Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 09/39] KVM: x86: declare Xen HVM guest capability Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 10/39] KVM: x86/xen: support upcall vector Joao Martins
2020-12-02 11:17   ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 13:12     ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 16:47       ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 18:34         ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 19:02           ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-02 20:12             ` Joao Martins
2020-12-02 20:37               ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-03  1:08             ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-08 16:08             ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-09  6:35               ` Ankur Arora
2020-12-09 10:27                 ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-09 10:51                   ` Joao Martins
2020-12-09 11:39                     ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-09 13:26                       ` Joao Martins
2020-12-09 15:41                         ` David Woodhouse
2020-12-09 16:12                           ` Joao Martins
2021-01-01 14:33           ` David Woodhouse
2021-01-05 12:11             ` Joao Martins
2021-01-05 13:23               ` David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 11/39] KVM: x86/xen: evtchn signaling via eventfd Joao Martins
2020-11-30  9:41   ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-30 12:17     ` Joao Martins
2020-11-30 12:55       ` David Woodhouse [this message]
2020-11-30 15:08         ` Joao Martins
2020-11-30 16:48           ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-30 17:15             ` Joao Martins
2020-11-30 18:01               ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-30 18:41                 ` Joao Martins
2020-11-30 19:04                   ` David Woodhouse
2020-11-30 19:25                     ` Joao Martins
2021-11-23 13:15           ` David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 12/39] KVM: x86/xen: store virq when assigning evtchn Joao Martins
     [not found]   ` <b750291466f3c89e0a393e48079c087704b217a5.camel@amazon.co.uk>
2022-02-10 12:17     ` Joao Martins
2022-02-10 15:23       ` [EXTERNAL] " David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 13/39] KVM: x86/xen: handle PV timers oneshot mode Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 14/39] KVM: x86/xen: handle PV IPI vcpu yield Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 15/39] KVM: x86/xen: handle PV spinlocks slowpath Joao Martins
2022-02-08 12:36   ` David Woodhouse
2022-02-10 12:17     ` Joao Martins
2022-02-10 14:11       ` David Woodhouse
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 16/39] KVM: x86: declare Xen HVM evtchn offload capability Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 17/39] x86/xen: export vcpu_info and shared_info Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 18/39] x86/xen: make hypercall_page generic Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 19/39] xen/xenbus: xenbus uninit support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 20/39] xen-blkback: module_exit support Joao Martins
2019-02-25 18:57   ` Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk
2019-02-26 11:20     ` Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 21/39] KVM: x86/xen: domid allocation Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 22/39] KVM: x86/xen: grant table init Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 23/39] KVM: x86/xen: grant table grow support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 24/39] KVM: x86/xen: backend hypercall support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 25/39] KVM: x86/xen: grant map support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 26/39] KVM: x86/xen: grant unmap support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 27/39] KVM: x86/xen: grant copy support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 28/39] KVM: x86/xen: interdomain evtchn support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:15 ` [PATCH RFC 29/39] KVM: x86/xen: evtchn unmask support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 30/39] KVM: x86/xen: add additional evtchn ops Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 31/39] xen-shim: introduce shim domain driver Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 32/39] xen/balloon: xen_shim_domain() support Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 33/39] xen/grant-table: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 34/39] xen/gntdev: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 35/39] xen/xenbus: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 36/39] drivers/xen: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 37/39] xen-netback: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 38/39] xen-blkback: " Joao Martins
2019-02-20 20:16 ` [PATCH RFC 39/39] KVM: x86: declare Xen HVM Dom0 capability Joao Martins
2019-02-20 21:09 ` [PATCH RFC 00/39] x86/KVM: Xen HVM guest support Paolo Bonzini
2019-02-21  0:29   ` Ankur Arora
2019-02-21 11:45   ` Joao Martins
2019-02-22 16:59     ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-03-12 17:14       ` Joao Martins
2019-04-08  6:44         ` Juergen Gross
2019-04-08 10:36           ` Joao Martins
2019-04-08 10:42             ` Juergen Gross
2019-04-08 17:31               ` Joao Martins
2019-04-09  0:35                 ` Stefano Stabellini
2019-04-10  5:50                   ` [Xen-devel] " Ankur Arora
2019-04-10 20:45                     ` Stefano Stabellini
2019-04-09  5:04                 ` Juergen Gross
2019-04-10  6:55                   ` Ankur Arora
2019-04-10  7:14                     ` Juergen Gross
2019-02-20 23:39 ` [Xen-devel] " Marek Marczykowski-Górecki
2019-02-21  0:31   ` Ankur Arora
2019-02-21  7:57   ` Juergen Gross
2019-02-21 12:00     ` Joao Martins
2019-02-21 11:55   ` Joao Martins

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