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From: Sam Ravnborg <>
To: Randy Dunlap <>
Cc: lkml <>
Subject: Re: Help needed to fix section mismatch warnings
Date: Fri, 11 Jan 2008 19:59:58 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Thu, Jan 10, 2008 at 11:19:18AM -0800, Randy Dunlap wrote:
> On Wed, 9 Jan 2008 22:25:42 -0800 Randy Dunlap wrote:
> > On Sun, 6 Jan 2008 15:07:28 +0100 Sam Ravnborg wrote:
> > 
> > 
> > > This is the current list of warnings
> > 
> > Sam,
> > 
> > Several of these are due to driver variable names not matching
> > the whitelisted names in modpost.  I have patches for the ones
> > that I have identified so far.  And I have patches for a few of
> > the others that are true section mismatch problems (total of 8
> > patches ready for now).
> > 
> > The whitelisted names will always be a (small) problem.
> > Can __init_refok be used in these cases.. or some other new
> > attribute, instead of forever adding to the whitelist or
> > modifying variable names?
> Sam (or anyone :),
> I guess that I'm a little confused.  Instead of changing
> variable names to match the modpost whitelist, I tested adding
> __init_refok or __initdata_refok to these (driver) structs that
> generated the modpost warnings.
> Example:  drivers/char/tpm/tpm_infineon.c
> --- linux-2.6.24-rc7-git1.orig/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_infineon.c
> +++ linux-2.6.24-rc7-git1/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_infineon.c
> @@ -611,7 +611,7 @@ static __devexit void tpm_inf_pnp_remove
>  	}
>  }
> -static struct pnp_driver tpm_inf_pnp = {
> +static struct pnp_driver __init_refok tpm_inf_pnp = {
>  	.name = "tpm_inf_pnp",
>  	.driver = {
>  		.owner = THIS_MODULE,
> This has a build warning with my toolchain:
>   CC      drivers/char/tpm/tpm_infineon.o
> linux-2.6.24-rc7-git1/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_infineon.c:614: warning: 'noinline' attribute ignored
> {standard input}: Assembler messages:
> {standard input}:2315: Warning: setting incorrect section attributes for .text.init.refok
> but otherwise no section mismatch warning.
> OTOH, using __initdata_refok has no build warning and no section
> mismatch warning... but it (__initdata_refok) doesn't make sense
> to me.  Should it (make sense/be used)?

What we try to do is to tell modpost that from this
particular spot in the code it is not a bug when a
__init/__exit function is called.
The whitelisting uses the name of the variable to determine
is this is a bug and not.
But traditionally we have in the kernel used annotation for this.
The __initdata_refok  wer invented as a tag that could be used
to tell modpost that this variable may call an __init function.

What happens is that the variable is placed in a section named:
.data.init.refok and when modpost encounter a variable in this
section then it does not warn.

Likewise __init_refok teach gcc to locate the function in a
section named .text.init.refok and modpost uses this to 
know that __init referneces are not a bug when they happens
in this section. In addition __init_refok contains noinline
to avoid agressive gcc inlining which gcc does across different

> Is there a __refok that should be used here, instead of having
> to modify variable names?

So far I have favoured consistent variable namings but
I could be persuaded to use annotation as the preferred method.
If for no other reason then because the annotation is a nice
way to document that in this spot the reference is OK.
But better named annothation is then needed...


  reply	other threads:[~2008-01-11 19:00 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-01-06 14:07 Sam Ravnborg
2008-01-10  6:25 ` Randy Dunlap
2008-01-10 19:19   ` Randy Dunlap
2008-01-11 18:59     ` Sam Ravnborg [this message]
2008-01-10 19:38   ` Sam Ravnborg
2008-01-19 19:52 ` Randy Dunlap
2008-01-19 21:22   ` Sam Ravnborg
2008-01-19 21:45     ` Sam Ravnborg

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