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From: Greg KH <gregkh@suse.de>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, stable@kernel.org
Cc: Justin Forbes <jmforbes@linuxtx.org>,
	Zwane Mwaikambo <zwane@arm.linux.org.uk>,
	"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net>,
	Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>,
	Chuck Wolber <chuckw@quantumlinux.com>,
	Chris Wedgwood <reviews@ml.cw.f00f.org>,
	Michael Krufky <mkrufky@linuxtv.org>,
	Chuck Ebbert <cebbert@redhat.com>,
	Domenico Andreoli <cavokz@gmail.com>,
	torvalds@linux-foundation.org, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk, Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@mail.ru>,
	Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Subject: [patch 48/73] Input: implement proper locking in input core
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2008 15:53:39 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20080206235339.GW13121@suse.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20080206235015.GA13121@suse.de>

[-- Attachment #1: input-implement-proper-locking-in-input-core.patch --]
[-- Type: text/plain, Size: 34050 bytes --]

2.6.23-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.
------------------
From: Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@gmail.com>

patch 8006479c9b75fb6594a7b746af3d7f1fbb68f18f in mainline.

Also add some kerneldoc documentation to input.h

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@mail.ru>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>

---
 drivers/input/input.c |  666 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
 include/linux/input.h |  112 +++++++-
 2 files changed, 595 insertions(+), 183 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/input/input.c
+++ b/drivers/input/input.c
@@ -17,10 +17,10 @@
 #include <linux/major.h>
 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
-#include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/poll.h>
 #include <linux/device.h>
 #include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
 
 MODULE_AUTHOR("Vojtech Pavlik <vojtech@suse.cz>");
 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Input core");
@@ -31,167 +31,244 @@ MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 static LIST_HEAD(input_dev_list);
 static LIST_HEAD(input_handler_list);
 
+/*
+ * input_mutex protects access to both input_dev_list and input_handler_list.
+ * This also causes input_[un]register_device and input_[un]register_handler
+ * be mutually exclusive which simplifies locking in drivers implementing
+ * input handlers.
+ */
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(input_mutex);
+
 static struct input_handler *input_table[8];
 
-/**
- * input_event() - report new input event
- * @dev: device that generated the event
- * @type: type of the event
- * @code: event code
- * @value: value of the event
- *
- * This function should be used by drivers implementing various input devices
- * See also input_inject_event()
- */
-void input_event(struct input_dev *dev, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
+static inline int is_event_supported(unsigned int code,
+				     unsigned long *bm, unsigned int max)
 {
-	struct input_handle *handle;
+	return code <= max && test_bit(code, bm);
+}
 
-	if (type > EV_MAX || !test_bit(type, dev->evbit))
-		return;
+static int input_defuzz_abs_event(int value, int old_val, int fuzz)
+{
+	if (fuzz) {
+		if (value > old_val - fuzz / 2 && value < old_val + fuzz / 2)
+			return old_val;
 
-	add_input_randomness(type, code, value);
+		if (value > old_val - fuzz && value < old_val + fuzz)
+			return (old_val * 3 + value) / 4;
 
-	switch (type) {
+		if (value > old_val - fuzz * 2 && value < old_val + fuzz * 2)
+			return (old_val + value) / 2;
+	}
 
-		case EV_SYN:
-			switch (code) {
-				case SYN_CONFIG:
-					if (dev->event)
-						dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
-					break;
-
-				case SYN_REPORT:
-					if (dev->sync)
-						return;
-					dev->sync = 1;
-					break;
-			}
-			break;
+	return value;
+}
 
-		case EV_KEY:
+/*
+ * Pass event through all open handles. This function is called with
+ * dev->event_lock held and interrupts disabled. Because of that we
+ * do not need to use rcu_read_lock() here although we are using RCU
+ * to access handle list. Note that because of that write-side uses
+ * synchronize_sched() instead of synchronize_ru().
+ */
+static void input_pass_event(struct input_dev *dev,
+			     unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
+{
+	struct input_handle *handle = rcu_dereference(dev->grab);
 
-			if (code > KEY_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->keybit) || !!test_bit(code, dev->key) == value)
-				return;
+	if (handle)
+		handle->handler->event(handle, type, code, value);
+	else
+		list_for_each_entry_rcu(handle, &dev->h_list, d_node)
+			if (handle->open)
+				handle->handler->event(handle,
+							type, code, value);
+}
 
-			if (value == 2)
-				break;
+/*
+ * Generate software autorepeat event. Note that we take
+ * dev->event_lock here to avoid racing with input_event
+ * which may cause keys get "stuck".
+ */
+static void input_repeat_key(unsigned long data)
+{
+	struct input_dev *dev = (void *) data;
+	unsigned long flags;
 
-			change_bit(code, dev->key);
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->event_lock, flags);
 
-			if (test_bit(EV_REP, dev->evbit) && dev->rep[REP_PERIOD] && dev->rep[REP_DELAY] && dev->timer.data && value) {
-				dev->repeat_key = code;
-				mod_timer(&dev->timer, jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(dev->rep[REP_DELAY]));
-			}
+	if (test_bit(dev->repeat_key, dev->key) &&
+	    is_event_supported(dev->repeat_key, dev->keybit, KEY_MAX)) {
 
-			break;
+		input_pass_event(dev, EV_KEY, dev->repeat_key, 2);
 
-		case EV_SW:
+		if (dev->sync) {
+			/*
+			 * Only send SYN_REPORT if we are not in a middle
+			 * of driver parsing a new hardware packet.
+			 * Otherwise assume that the driver will send
+			 * SYN_REPORT once it's done.
+			 */
+			input_pass_event(dev, EV_SYN, SYN_REPORT, 1);
+		}
 
-			if (code > SW_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->swbit) || !!test_bit(code, dev->sw) == value)
-				return;
+		if (dev->rep[REP_PERIOD])
+			mod_timer(&dev->timer, jiffies +
+					msecs_to_jiffies(dev->rep[REP_PERIOD]));
+	}
 
-			change_bit(code, dev->sw);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->event_lock, flags);
+}
 
-			break;
+static void input_start_autorepeat(struct input_dev *dev, int code)
+{
+	if (test_bit(EV_REP, dev->evbit) &&
+	    dev->rep[REP_PERIOD] && dev->rep[REP_DELAY] &&
+	    dev->timer.data) {
+		dev->repeat_key = code;
+		mod_timer(&dev->timer,
+			  jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(dev->rep[REP_DELAY]));
+	}
+}
 
-		case EV_ABS:
+#define INPUT_IGNORE_EVENT	0
+#define INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS	1
+#define INPUT_PASS_TO_DEVICE	2
+#define INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL	(INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS | INPUT_PASS_TO_DEVICE)
 
-			if (code > ABS_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->absbit))
-				return;
+static void input_handle_event(struct input_dev *dev,
+			       unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
+{
+	int disposition = INPUT_IGNORE_EVENT;
 
-			if (dev->absfuzz[code]) {
-				if ((value > dev->abs[code] - (dev->absfuzz[code] >> 1)) &&
-				    (value < dev->abs[code] + (dev->absfuzz[code] >> 1)))
-					return;
-
-				if ((value > dev->abs[code] - dev->absfuzz[code]) &&
-				    (value < dev->abs[code] + dev->absfuzz[code]))
-					value = (dev->abs[code] * 3 + value) >> 2;
-
-				if ((value > dev->abs[code] - (dev->absfuzz[code] << 1)) &&
-				    (value < dev->abs[code] + (dev->absfuzz[code] << 1)))
-					value = (dev->abs[code] + value) >> 1;
-			}
+	switch (type) {
 
-			if (dev->abs[code] == value)
-				return;
+	case EV_SYN:
+		switch (code) {
+		case SYN_CONFIG:
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
+			break;
 
-			dev->abs[code] = value;
+		case SYN_REPORT:
+			if (!dev->sync) {
+				dev->sync = 1;
+				disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS;
+			}
 			break;
+		}
+		break;
 
-		case EV_REL:
+	case EV_KEY:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->keybit, KEY_MAX) &&
+		    !!test_bit(code, dev->key) != value) {
 
-			if (code > REL_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->relbit) || (value == 0))
-				return;
+			if (value != 2) {
+				__change_bit(code, dev->key);
+				if (value)
+					input_start_autorepeat(dev, code);
+			}
 
-			break;
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS;
+		}
+		break;
 
-		case EV_MSC:
+	case EV_SW:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->swbit, SW_MAX) &&
+		    !!test_bit(code, dev->sw) != value) {
 
-			if (code > MSC_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->mscbit))
-				return;
+			__change_bit(code, dev->sw);
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS;
+		}
+		break;
+
+	case EV_ABS:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->absbit, ABS_MAX)) {
 
-			if (dev->event)
-				dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
+			value = input_defuzz_abs_event(value,
+					dev->abs[code], dev->absfuzz[code]);
 
-			break;
+			if (dev->abs[code] != value) {
+				dev->abs[code] = value;
+				disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS;
+			}
+		}
+		break;
 
-		case EV_LED:
+	case EV_REL:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->relbit, REL_MAX) && value)
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS;
 
-			if (code > LED_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->ledbit) || !!test_bit(code, dev->led) == value)
-				return;
+		break;
 
-			change_bit(code, dev->led);
+	case EV_MSC:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->mscbit, MSC_MAX))
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
 
-			if (dev->event)
-				dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
+		break;
 
-			break;
+	case EV_LED:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->ledbit, LED_MAX) &&
+		    !!test_bit(code, dev->led) != value) {
 
-		case EV_SND:
+			__change_bit(code, dev->led);
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
+		}
+		break;
 
-			if (code > SND_MAX || !test_bit(code, dev->sndbit))
-				return;
+	case EV_SND:
+		if (is_event_supported(code, dev->sndbit, SND_MAX)) {
 
 			if (!!test_bit(code, dev->snd) != !!value)
-				change_bit(code, dev->snd);
+				__change_bit(code, dev->snd);
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
+		}
+		break;
 
-			if (dev->event)
-				dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
+	case EV_REP:
+		if (code <= REP_MAX && value >= 0 && dev->rep[code] != value) {
+			dev->rep[code] = value;
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
+		}
+		break;
 
-			break;
+	case EV_FF:
+		if (value >= 0)
+			disposition = INPUT_PASS_TO_ALL;
+		break;
+	}
 
-		case EV_REP:
+	if (type != EV_SYN)
+		dev->sync = 0;
 
-			if (code > REP_MAX || value < 0 || dev->rep[code] == value)
-				return;
+	if ((disposition & INPUT_PASS_TO_DEVICE) && dev->event)
+		dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
 
-			dev->rep[code] = value;
-			if (dev->event)
-				dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
+	if (disposition & INPUT_PASS_TO_HANDLERS)
+		input_pass_event(dev, type, code, value);
+}
 
-			break;
+/**
+ * input_event() - report new input event
+ * @dev: device that generated the event
+ * @type: type of the event
+ * @code: event code
+ * @value: value of the event
+ *
+ * This function should be used by drivers implementing various input
+ * devices. See also input_inject_event().
+ */
 
-		case EV_FF:
+void input_event(struct input_dev *dev,
+		 unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
 
-			if (value < 0)
-				return;
+	if (is_event_supported(type, dev->evbit, EV_MAX)) {
 
-			if (dev->event)
-				dev->event(dev, type, code, value);
-			break;
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->event_lock, flags);
+		add_input_randomness(type, code, value);
+		input_handle_event(dev, type, code, value);
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->event_lock, flags);
 	}
-
-	if (type != EV_SYN)
-		dev->sync = 0;
-
-	if (dev->grab)
-		dev->grab->handler->event(dev->grab, type, code, value);
-	else
-		list_for_each_entry(handle, &dev->h_list, d_node)
-			if (handle->open)
-				handle->handler->event(handle, type, code, value);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_event);
 
@@ -202,102 +279,230 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_event);
  * @code: event code
  * @value: value of the event
  *
- * Similar to input_event() but will ignore event if device is "grabbed" and handle
- * injecting event is not the one that owns the device.
+ * Similar to input_event() but will ignore event if device is
+ * "grabbed" and handle injecting event is not the one that owns
+ * the device.
  */
-void input_inject_event(struct input_handle *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
+void input_inject_event(struct input_handle *handle,
+			unsigned int type, unsigned int code, int value)
 {
-	if (!handle->dev->grab || handle->dev->grab == handle)
-		input_event(handle->dev, type, code, value);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_inject_event);
-
-static void input_repeat_key(unsigned long data)
-{
-	struct input_dev *dev = (void *) data;
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+	struct input_handle *grab;
+	unsigned long flags;
 
-	if (!test_bit(dev->repeat_key, dev->key))
-		return;
+	if (is_event_supported(type, dev->evbit, EV_MAX)) {
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->event_lock, flags);
 
-	input_event(dev, EV_KEY, dev->repeat_key, 2);
-	input_sync(dev);
+		grab = rcu_dereference(dev->grab);
+		if (!grab || grab == handle)
+			input_handle_event(dev, type, code, value);
 
-	if (dev->rep[REP_PERIOD])
-		mod_timer(&dev->timer, jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(dev->rep[REP_PERIOD]));
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->event_lock, flags);
+	}
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_inject_event);
 
+/**
+ * input_grab_device - grabs device for exclusive use
+ * @handle: input handle that wants to own the device
+ *
+ * When a device is grabbed by an input handle all events generated by
+ * the device are delivered only to this handle. Also events injected
+ * by other input handles are ignored while device is grabbed.
+ */
 int input_grab_device(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
-	if (handle->dev->grab)
-		return -EBUSY;
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+	int retval;
 
-	handle->dev->grab = handle;
-	return 0;
+	retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex);
+	if (retval)
+		return retval;
+
+	if (dev->grab) {
+		retval = -EBUSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	rcu_assign_pointer(dev->grab, handle);
+	/*
+	 * Not using synchronize_rcu() because read-side is protected
+	 * by a spinlock with interrupts off instead of rcu_read_lock().
+	 */
+	synchronize_sched();
+
+ out:
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+	return retval;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_grab_device);
 
-void input_release_device(struct input_handle *handle)
+static void __input_release_device(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
 	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
 
 	if (dev->grab == handle) {
-		dev->grab = NULL;
+		rcu_assign_pointer(dev->grab, NULL);
+		/* Make sure input_pass_event() notices that grab is gone */
+		synchronize_sched();
 
 		list_for_each_entry(handle, &dev->h_list, d_node)
-			if (handle->handler->start)
+			if (handle->open && handle->handler->start)
 				handle->handler->start(handle);
 	}
 }
+
+/**
+ * input_release_device - release previously grabbed device
+ * @handle: input handle that owns the device
+ *
+ * Releases previously grabbed device so that other input handles can
+ * start receiving input events. Upon release all handlers attached
+ * to the device have their start() method called so they have a change
+ * to synchronize device state with the rest of the system.
+ */
+void input_release_device(struct input_handle *handle)
+{
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+
+	mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
+	__input_release_device(handle);
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+}
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_release_device);
 
+/**
+ * input_open_device - open input device
+ * @handle: handle through which device is being accessed
+ *
+ * This function should be called by input handlers when they
+ * want to start receive events from given input device.
+ */
 int input_open_device(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
 	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
-	int err;
+	int retval;
 
-	err = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex);
-	if (err)
-		return err;
+	retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex);
+	if (retval)
+		return retval;
+
+	if (dev->going_away) {
+		retval = -ENODEV;
+		goto out;
+	}
 
 	handle->open++;
 
 	if (!dev->users++ && dev->open)
-		err = dev->open(dev);
+		retval = dev->open(dev);
 
-	if (err)
-		handle->open--;
+	if (retval) {
+		dev->users--;
+		if (!--handle->open) {
+			/*
+			 * Make sure we are not delivering any more events
+			 * through this handle
+			 */
+			synchronize_sched();
+		}
+	}
 
+ out:
 	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
-
-	return err;
+	return retval;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_open_device);
 
-int input_flush_device(struct input_handle* handle, struct file* file)
+int input_flush_device(struct input_handle *handle, struct file *file)
 {
-	if (handle->dev->flush)
-		return handle->dev->flush(handle->dev, file);
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+	int retval;
 
-	return 0;
+	retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex);
+	if (retval)
+		return retval;
+
+	if (dev->flush)
+		retval = dev->flush(dev, file);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+	return retval;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_flush_device);
 
+/**
+ * input_close_device - close input device
+ * @handle: handle through which device is being accessed
+ *
+ * This function should be called by input handlers when they
+ * want to stop receive events from given input device.
+ */
 void input_close_device(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
 	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
 
-	input_release_device(handle);
-
 	mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
 
+	__input_release_device(handle);
+
 	if (!--dev->users && dev->close)
 		dev->close(dev);
-	handle->open--;
+
+	if (!--handle->open) {
+		/*
+		 * synchronize_sched() makes sure that input_pass_event()
+		 * completed and that no more input events are delivered
+		 * through this handle
+		 */
+		synchronize_sched();
+	}
 
 	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_close_device);
 
+/*
+ * Prepare device for unregistering
+ */
+static void input_disconnect_device(struct input_dev *dev)
+{
+	struct input_handle *handle;
+	int code;
+
+	/*
+	 * Mark device as going away. Note that we take dev->mutex here
+	 * not to protect access to dev->going_away but rather to ensure
+	 * that there are no threads in the middle of input_open_device()
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
+	dev->going_away = 1;
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+
+	spin_lock_irq(&dev->event_lock);
+
+	/*
+	 * Simulate keyup events for all pressed keys so that handlers
+	 * are not left with "stuck" keys. The driver may continue
+	 * generate events even after we done here but they will not
+	 * reach any handlers.
+	 */
+	if (is_event_supported(EV_KEY, dev->evbit, EV_MAX)) {
+		for (code = 0; code <= KEY_MAX; code++) {
+			if (is_event_supported(code, dev->keybit, KEY_MAX) &&
+			    test_bit(code, dev->key)) {
+				input_pass_event(dev, EV_KEY, code, 0);
+			}
+		}
+		input_pass_event(dev, EV_SYN, SYN_REPORT, 1);
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry(handle, &dev->h_list, d_node)
+		handle->open = 0;
+
+	spin_unlock_irq(&dev->event_lock);
+}
+
 static int input_fetch_keycode(struct input_dev *dev, int scancode)
 {
 	switch (dev->keycodesize) {
@@ -473,7 +678,8 @@ static unsigned int input_proc_devices_p
 
 static void *input_devices_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
 {
-	/* acquire lock here ... Yes, we do need locking, I knowi, I know... */
+	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&input_mutex))
+		return NULL;
 
 	return seq_list_start(&input_dev_list, *pos);
 }
@@ -485,7 +691,7 @@ static void *input_devices_seq_next(stru
 
 static void input_devices_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
 {
-	/* release lock here */
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
 }
 
 static void input_seq_print_bitmap(struct seq_file *seq, const char *name,
@@ -569,7 +775,9 @@ static const struct file_operations inpu
 
 static void *input_handlers_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
 {
-	/* acquire lock here ... Yes, we do need locking, I knowi, I know... */
+	if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&input_mutex))
+		return NULL;
+
 	seq->private = (void *)(unsigned long)*pos;
 	return seq_list_start(&input_handler_list, *pos);
 }
@@ -582,7 +790,7 @@ static void *input_handlers_seq_next(str
 
 static void input_handlers_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
 {
-	/* release lock here */
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
 }
 
 static int input_handlers_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
@@ -1005,6 +1213,7 @@ struct input_dev *input_allocate_device(
 		dev->dev.class = &input_class;
 		device_initialize(&dev->dev);
 		mutex_init(&dev->mutex);
+		spin_lock_init(&dev->event_lock);
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->h_list);
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->node);
 
@@ -1022,7 +1231,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_allocate_device);
  * This function should only be used if input_register_device()
  * was not called yet or if it failed. Once device was registered
  * use input_unregister_device() and memory will be freed once last
- * refrence to the device is dropped.
+ * reference to the device is dropped.
  *
  * Device should be allocated by input_allocate_device().
  *
@@ -1092,6 +1301,18 @@ void input_set_capability(struct input_d
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_set_capability);
 
+/**
+ * input_register_device - register device with input core
+ * @dev: device to be registered
+ *
+ * This function registers device with input core. The device must be
+ * allocated with input_allocate_device() and all it's capabilities
+ * set up before registering.
+ * If function fails the device must be freed with input_free_device().
+ * Once device has been successfully registered it can be unregistered
+ * with input_unregister_device(); input_free_device() should not be
+ * called in this case.
+ */
 int input_register_device(struct input_dev *dev)
 {
 	static atomic_t input_no = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
@@ -1099,7 +1320,7 @@ int input_register_device(struct input_d
 	const char *path;
 	int error;
 
-	set_bit(EV_SYN, dev->evbit);
+	__set_bit(EV_SYN, dev->evbit);
 
 	/*
 	 * If delay and period are pre-set by the driver, then autorepeating
@@ -1120,8 +1341,6 @@ int input_register_device(struct input_d
 	if (!dev->setkeycode)
 		dev->setkeycode = input_default_setkeycode;
 
-	list_add_tail(&dev->node, &input_dev_list);
-
 	snprintf(dev->dev.bus_id, sizeof(dev->dev.bus_id),
 		 "input%ld", (unsigned long) atomic_inc_return(&input_no) - 1);
 
@@ -1137,49 +1356,79 @@ int input_register_device(struct input_d
 		dev->name ? dev->name : "Unspecified device", path ? path : "N/A");
 	kfree(path);
 
+	error = mutex_lock_interruptible(&input_mutex);
+	if (error) {
+		device_del(&dev->dev);
+		return error;
+	}
+
+	list_add_tail(&dev->node, &input_dev_list);
+
 	list_for_each_entry(handler, &input_handler_list, node)
 		input_attach_handler(dev, handler);
 
 	input_wakeup_procfs_readers();
 
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_register_device);
 
+/**
+ * input_unregister_device - unregister previously registered device
+ * @dev: device to be unregistered
+ *
+ * This function unregisters an input device. Once device is unregistered
+ * the caller should not try to access it as it may get freed at any moment.
+ */
 void input_unregister_device(struct input_dev *dev)
 {
 	struct input_handle *handle, *next;
-	int code;
 
-	for (code = 0; code <= KEY_MAX; code++)
-		if (test_bit(code, dev->key))
-			input_report_key(dev, code, 0);
-	input_sync(dev);
+	input_disconnect_device(dev);
 
-	del_timer_sync(&dev->timer);
+	mutex_lock(&input_mutex);
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(handle, next, &dev->h_list, d_node)
 		handle->handler->disconnect(handle);
 	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dev->h_list));
 
+	del_timer_sync(&dev->timer);
 	list_del_init(&dev->node);
 
-	device_unregister(&dev->dev);
-
 	input_wakeup_procfs_readers();
+
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
+
+	device_unregister(&dev->dev);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_unregister_device);
 
+/**
+ * input_register_handler - register a new input handler
+ * @handler: handler to be registered
+ *
+ * This function registers a new input handler (interface) for input
+ * devices in the system and attaches it to all input devices that
+ * are compatible with the handler.
+ */
 int input_register_handler(struct input_handler *handler)
 {
 	struct input_dev *dev;
+	int retval;
+
+	retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&input_mutex);
+	if (retval)
+		return retval;
 
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&handler->h_list);
 
 	if (handler->fops != NULL) {
-		if (input_table[handler->minor >> 5])
-			return -EBUSY;
-
+		if (input_table[handler->minor >> 5]) {
+			retval = -EBUSY;
+			goto out;
+		}
 		input_table[handler->minor >> 5] = handler;
 	}
 
@@ -1189,14 +1438,26 @@ int input_register_handler(struct input_
 		input_attach_handler(dev, handler);
 
 	input_wakeup_procfs_readers();
-	return 0;
+
+ out:
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
+	return retval;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_register_handler);
 
+/**
+ * input_unregister_handler - unregisters an input handler
+ * @handler: handler to be unregistered
+ *
+ * This function disconnects a handler from its input devices and
+ * removes it from lists of known handlers.
+ */
 void input_unregister_handler(struct input_handler *handler)
 {
 	struct input_handle *handle, *next;
 
+	mutex_lock(&input_mutex);
+
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(handle, next, &handler->h_list, h_node)
 		handler->disconnect(handle);
 	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&handler->h_list));
@@ -1207,14 +1468,50 @@ void input_unregister_handler(struct inp
 		input_table[handler->minor >> 5] = NULL;
 
 	input_wakeup_procfs_readers();
+
+	mutex_unlock(&input_mutex);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_unregister_handler);
 
+/**
+ * input_register_handle - register a new input handle
+ * @handle: handle to register
+ *
+ * This function puts a new input handle onto device's
+ * and handler's lists so that events can flow through
+ * it once it is opened using input_open_device().
+ *
+ * This function is supposed to be called from handler's
+ * connect() method.
+ */
 int input_register_handle(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
 	struct input_handler *handler = handle->handler;
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+	int error;
+
+	/*
+	 * We take dev->mutex here to prevent race with
+	 * input_release_device().
+	 */
+	error = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex);
+	if (error)
+		return error;
+	list_add_tail_rcu(&handle->d_node, &dev->h_list);
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+	/*
+	 * We don't use synchronize_rcu() here because we rely
+	 * on dev->event_lock to protect read-side critical
+	 * section in input_pass_event().
+	 */
+	synchronize_sched();
 
-	list_add_tail(&handle->d_node, &handle->dev->h_list);
+	/*
+	 * Since we are supposed to be called from ->connect()
+	 * which is mutually exclusive with ->disconnect()
+	 * we can't be racing with input_unregister_handle()
+	 * and so separate lock is not needed here.
+	 */
 	list_add_tail(&handle->h_node, &handler->h_list);
 
 	if (handler->start)
@@ -1224,10 +1521,29 @@ int input_register_handle(struct input_h
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_register_handle);
 
+/**
+ * input_unregister_handle - unregister an input handle
+ * @handle: handle to unregister
+ *
+ * This function removes input handle from device's
+ * and handler's lists.
+ *
+ * This function is supposed to be called from handler's
+ * disconnect() method.
+ */
 void input_unregister_handle(struct input_handle *handle)
 {
+	struct input_dev *dev = handle->dev;
+
 	list_del_init(&handle->h_node);
-	list_del_init(&handle->d_node);
+
+	/*
+	 * Take dev->mutex to prevent race with input_release_device().
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
+	list_del_rcu(&handle->d_node);
+	mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
+	synchronize_sched();
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(input_unregister_handle);
 
--- a/include/linux/input.h
+++ b/include/linux/input.h
@@ -853,7 +853,7 @@ struct ff_rumble_effect {
  *	defining effect parameters
  *
  * This structure is sent through ioctl from the application to the driver.
- * To create a new effect aplication should set its @id to -1; the kernel
+ * To create a new effect application should set its @id to -1; the kernel
  * will return assigned @id which can later be used to update or delete
  * this effect.
  *
@@ -933,9 +933,82 @@ struct ff_effect {
 #define BIT(x)	(1UL<<((x)%BITS_PER_LONG))
 #define LONG(x) ((x)/BITS_PER_LONG)
 
+/**
+ * struct input_dev - represents an input device
+ * @name: name of the device
+ * @phys: physical path to the device in the system hierarchy
+ * @uniq: unique identification code for the device (if device has it)
+ * @id: id of the device (struct input_id)
+ * @evbit: bitmap of types of events supported by the device (EV_KEY,
+ *	EV_REL, etc.)
+ * @keybit: bitmap of keys/buttons this device has
+ * @relbit: bitmap of relative axes for the device
+ * @absbit: bitmap of absolute axes for the device
+ * @mscbit: bitmap of miscellaneous events supported by the device
+ * @ledbit: bitmap of leds present on the device
+ * @sndbit: bitmap of sound effects supported by the device
+ * @ffbit: bitmap of force feedback effects supported by the device
+ * @swbit: bitmap of switches present on the device
+ * @keycodemax: size of keycode table
+ * @keycodesize: size of elements in keycode table
+ * @keycode: map of scancodes to keycodes for this device
+ * @setkeycode: optional method to alter current keymap, used to implement
+ *	sparse keymaps. If not supplied default mechanism will be used
+ * @getkeycode: optional method to retrieve current keymap. If not supplied
+ *	default mechanism will be used
+ * @ff: force feedback structure associated with the device if device
+ *	supports force feedback effects
+ * @repeat_key: stores key code of the last key pressed; used to implement
+ *	software autorepeat
+ * @timer: timer for software autorepeat
+ * @sync: set to 1 when there were no new events since last EV_SYNC
+ * @abs: current values for reports from absolute axes
+ * @rep: current values for autorepeat parameters (delay, rate)
+ * @key: reflects current state of device's keys/buttons
+ * @led: reflects current state of device's LEDs
+ * @snd: reflects current state of sound effects
+ * @sw: reflects current state of device's switches
+ * @absmax: maximum values for events coming from absolute axes
+ * @absmin: minimum values for events coming from absolute axes
+ * @absfuzz: describes noisiness for axes
+ * @absflat: size of the center flat position (used by joydev)
+ * @open: this method is called when the very first user calls
+ *	input_open_device(). The driver must prepare the device
+ *	to start generating events (start polling thread,
+ *	request an IRQ, submit URB, etc.)
+ * @close: this method is called when the very last user calls
+ *	input_close_device().
+ * @flush: purges the device. Most commonly used to get rid of force
+ *	feedback effects loaded into the device when disconnecting
+ *	from it
+ * @event: event handler for events sent _to_ the device, like EV_LED
+ *	or EV_SND. The device is expected to carry out the requested
+ *	action (turn on a LED, play sound, etc.) The call is protected
+ *	by @event_lock and must not sleep
+ * @grab: input handle that currently has the device grabbed (via
+ *	EVIOCGRAB ioctl). When a handle grabs a device it becomes sole
+ *	recipient for all input events coming from the device
+ * @event_lock: this spinlock is is taken when input core receives
+ *	and processes a new event for the device (in input_event()).
+ *	Code that accesses and/or modifies parameters of a device
+ *	(such as keymap or absmin, absmax, absfuzz, etc.) after device
+ *	has been registered with input core must take this lock.
+ * @mutex: serializes calls to open(), close() and flush() methods
+ * @users: stores number of users (input handlers) that opened this
+ *	device. It is used by input_open_device() and input_close_device()
+ *	to make sure that dev->open() is only called when the first
+ *	user opens device and dev->close() is called when the very
+ *	last user closes the device
+ * @going_away: marks devices that are in a middle of unregistering and
+ *	causes input_open_device*() fail with -ENODEV.
+ * @dev: driver model's view of this device
+ * @h_list: list of input handles associated with the device. When
+ *	accessing the list dev->mutex must be held
+ * @node: used to place the device onto input_dev_list
+ */
 struct input_dev {
 
-	void *private;
+	void *private;	/* do not use */
 
 	const char *name;
 	const char *phys;
@@ -963,8 +1036,6 @@ struct input_dev {
 	unsigned int repeat_key;
 	struct timer_list timer;
 
-	int state;
-
 	int sync;
 
 	int abs[ABS_MAX + 1];
@@ -987,8 +1058,11 @@ struct input_dev {
 
 	struct input_handle *grab;
 
-	struct mutex mutex;	/* serializes open and close operations */
+	spinlock_t event_lock;
+	struct mutex mutex;
+
 	unsigned int users;
+	int going_away;
 
 	struct device dev;
 	union {			/* temporarily so while we switching to struct device */
@@ -1054,7 +1128,9 @@ struct input_handle;
 /**
  * struct input_handler - implements one of interfaces for input devices
  * @private: driver-specific data
- * @event: event handler
+ * @event: event handler. This method is being called by input core with
+ *	interrupts disabled and dev->event_lock spinlock held and so
+ *	it may not sleep
  * @connect: called when attaching a handler to an input device
  * @disconnect: disconnects a handler from input device
  * @start: starts handler for given handle. This function is called by
@@ -1066,10 +1142,18 @@ struct input_handle;
  * @name: name of the handler, to be shown in /proc/bus/input/handlers
  * @id_table: pointer to a table of input_device_ids this driver can
  *	handle
- * @blacklist: prointer to a table of input_device_ids this driver should
+ * @blacklist: pointer to a table of input_device_ids this driver should
  *	ignore even if they match @id_table
  * @h_list: list of input handles associated with the handler
  * @node: for placing the driver onto input_handler_list
+ *
+ * Input handlers attach to input devices and create input handles. There
+ * are likely several handlers attached to any given input device at the
+ * same time. All of them will get their copy of input event generated by
+ * the device.
+ *
+ * Note that input core serializes calls to connect() and disconnect()
+ * methods.
  */
 struct input_handler {
 
@@ -1091,6 +1175,18 @@ struct input_handler {
 	struct list_head	node;
 };
 
+/**
+ * struct input_handle - links input device with an input handler
+ * @private: handler-specific data
+ * @open: counter showing whether the handle is 'open', i.e. should deliver
+ *	events from its device
+ * @name: name given to the handle by handler that created it
+ * @dev: input device the handle is attached to
+ * @handler: handler that works with the device through this handle
+ * @d_node: used to put the handle on device's list of attached handles
+ * @h_node: used to put the handle on handler's list of handles from which
+ *	it gets events
+ */
 struct input_handle {
 
 	void *private;
@@ -1213,7 +1309,7 @@ extern struct class input_class;
  * @max_effects: maximum number of effects supported by device
  * @effects: pointer to an array of effects currently loaded into device
  * @effect_owners: array of effect owners; when file handle owning
- *	an effect gets closed the effcet is automatically erased
+ *	an effect gets closed the effect is automatically erased
  *
  * Every force-feedback device must implement upload() and playback()
  * methods; erase() is optional. set_gain() and set_autocenter() need

-- 

  parent reply	other threads:[~2008-02-07  0:18 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 75+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <20080206234302.769849277@mini.kroah.org>
2008-02-06 23:50 ` [patch 00/73] 2.6.23-stable review Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:50   ` [patch 01/73] SPARC64: Fix sparc64 cpu cross call hangs Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:50   ` [patch 02/73] dm: table detect io beyond device Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:50   ` [patch 03/73] dm crypt: fix write endio Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:50   ` [patch 04/73] dm crypt: use bio_add_page Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 05/73] ACPI: video_device_list corruption Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 06/73] ACPI: thinkpad-acpi: fix lenovo keymap for brightness Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 07/73] SPARC64: Fix memory controller register access when non-SMP Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 08/73] SPARC64: Fix two kernel linear mapping setup bugs Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 09/73] IPSEC: Fix potential dst leak in xfrm_lookup Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 10/73] VLAN: Lost rtnl_unlock() in vlan_ioctl() Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 11/73] tty: fix logic change introduced by wait_event_interruptible_timeout() Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 12/73] IPV4 raw: Strengthen check on validity of iph->ihl Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 13/73] sky2: disable rx checksum on Yukon XL Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 14/73] sky2: RX lockup fix Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 15/73] POWERPC: Change fallocate to match unistd.h on powerpc Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 16/73] X25: Add missing x25_neigh_put Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 17/73] NET: mcs7830 passes msecs instead of jiffies to usb_control_msg Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 18/73] NET: kaweth was forgotten in msec switchover of usb_start_wait_urb Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 19/73] IRDA: irda_create() nuke user triggable printk Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:51   ` [patch 20/73] INET: Fix netdev renaming and inet address labels Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 21/73] CONNECTOR: Dont touch queue dev after decrement of ref count Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 22/73] ATM: Check IP header validity in mpc_send_packet Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 23/73] IPV4 ROUTE: ip_rt_dump() is unecessary slow Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 24/73] ATM: delay irq setup until card is configured Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 25/73] IPSEC: Avoid undefined shift operation when testing algorithm ID Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 26/73] NET: Correct two mistaken skb_reset_mac_header() conversions Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 27/73] IPV4: ip_gre: set mac_header correctly in receive path Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 28/73] CASSINI: Fix endianness bug Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 29/73] CASSINI: Revert dont touch page_count Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 30/73] CASSINI: Set skb->truesize properly on receive packets Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 31/73] SPARC64: Fix OOPS in dma_sync_*_for_device() Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 32/73] SPARC64: Implement pci_resource_to_user() Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 33/73] ACPICA: fix acpi-cpufreq boot crash due to _PSD return-by-reference Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 34/73] ACPI: Not register gsi for PCI IDE controller in legacy mode Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:52   ` [patch 35/73] ACPICA: fix acpi_serialize hang regression Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 36/73] ACPI: apply quirk_ich6_lpc_acpi to more ICH8 and ICH9 Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 37/73] PM: ACPI and APM must not be enabled at the same time Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 38/73] CRYPTO: padlock: Fix spurious ECB page fault Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 39/73] USB: update sierra.c with latest device ids that are in 2.6.24-rc7 Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 40/73] clockevents: fix reprogramming decision in oneshot broadcast Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 41/73] Freezer: Fix APM emulation breakage Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 42/73] vfs: coredumping fix (CVE-2007-6206) Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 43/73] quicklists: do not release off node pages early Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 44/73] quicklists: Only consider memory that can be used with GFP_KERNEL Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 45/73] chelsio: Fix skb->dev setting Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 46/73] cxgb: fix T2 GSO Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 47/73] cxgb: fix stats Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` Greg KH [this message]
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 49/73] Input: evdev - implement proper locking Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 50/73] Input: mousedev " Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 51/73] Input: joydev " Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 52/73] Input: tsdev " Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 53/73] Input: fix open count handling in input interfaces Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 54/73] CIFS: Respect umask when using POSIX mkdir Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 55/73] m68k: Export cachectl.h Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:53   ` [patch 56/73] VM/Security: add security hook to do_brk (CVE-2007-6434) Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 57/73] security: protect from stack expantion into low vm addresses Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 58/73] md: fix data corruption when a degraded raid5 array is reshaped Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 59/73] knfsd: Allow NFSv2/3 WRITE calls to succeed when krb5i etc is used Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 60/73] vm audit: add VM_DONTEXPAND to mmap for drivers that need it (CVE-2008-0007) Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 61/73] sata_promise: ASIC PRD table bug workaround Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 62/73] ia64: Fix unaligned handler for floating point instructions with base update Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 63/73] Fix unbalanced helper_lock in kernel/kmod.c Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 64/73] spi: omap2_mcspi PIO RX fix Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 65/73] libata: port and host should be stopped before hardware resources are released Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 66/73] fix oops on rmmod capidrv Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 67/73] Netfilter: bridge: fix double POST_ROUTING invocation Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 68/73] Netfilter: bridge-netfilter: fix net_device refcnt leaks Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 69/73] Fix dirty page accounting leak with ext3 data=journal Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 70/73] forcedeth: mac address mcp77/79 Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 71/73] atl1: fix frame length bug Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 72/73] ACPI: sync blacklist w/ latest Greg KH
2008-02-06 23:54   ` [patch 73/73] PCI: Fix fakephp deadlock Greg KH
2008-02-08  5:31   ` [stable] [patch 00/73] 2.6.23-stable review Greg KH

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