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From: Alexander van Heukelum <heukelum@mailshack.com>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>, Ian Campbell <ijc@hellion.org.uk>
Cc: Alexander van Heukelum <heukelum@fastmail.fm>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>, Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>,
	Mark McLoughlin <markmc@redhat.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: [RFC] use realmode code to reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB
Date: Thu, 28 Feb 2008 14:28:23 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20080228132822.GA25278@mailshack.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20080228131341.GA25213@mailshack.com>

Instead of using early reservations inside the kernel code,
we could use the realmode code to modify the e820 memmap.
This patch shows what that would look like. I have not looked
at the case where the BIOS does not provide an e820 memmap
yet. Probably a full solution would need to create a fake
e820 memmap in that case.

Comments?

Signed-off-by: Alexander van Heukelum <heukelum@fastmail.fm>

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/memory.c b/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
index e77d89f..522920a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/memory.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ static int detect_memory_e820(void)
 	int count = 0;
 	u32 next = 0;
 	u32 size, id;
+	u32 lowmem, ebda_addr;
 	u8 err;
 	struct e820entry *desc = boot_params.e820_map;
 
@@ -50,13 +51,51 @@ static int detect_memory_e820(void)
 		   just return failure. */
 		if (id != SMAP) {
 			count = 0;
-			break;
+			goto out;
 		}
 
 		count++;
 		desc++;
-	} while (next && count < E820MAX);
-
+	} while (next && count < (E820MAX - 1));
+
+	/* Some BIOSes do not reserve the EBDA/XBDA area correctly in.
+	   The e820-map. Find out where the EBDA resides by looking at
+	   the BIOS data area and reserve the EBDA and the following
+	   legacy adapter area explicitly. */
+#define BIOS_EBDA_SEGMENT 0x40E
+#define BIOS_LOWMEM_KILOBYTES 0x413
+
+	/* end of low (conventional) memory */
+	set_fs(0);
+	lowmem = rdfs16(BIOS_LOWMEM_KILOBYTES);
+	lowmem <<= 10;
+
+	/* start of EBDA area */
+	ebda_addr = rdfs16(BIOS_EBDA_SEGMENT);
+	ebda_addr <<= 4;
+
+	/* Fixup: bios puts an EBDA in the top 64K segment */
+	/* of conventional memory, but does not adjust lowmem. */
+	if ((lowmem - ebda_addr) <= 0x10000)
+		lowmem = ebda_addr;
+
+	/* Fixup: bios does not report an EBDA at all. */
+	/* Some old Dells seem to need 4k anyhow (bugzilla 2990) */
+	if ((ebda_addr == 0) && (lowmem >= 0x9f000))
+		lowmem = 0x9f000;
+
+	/* Paranoia: should never happen, but... */
+	if (lowmem >= 0x100000)
+		lowmem = 0xa0000;
+
+	/* reserve all memory between lowmem and the 1MB mark */
+	desc->addr = lowmem;
+	desc->size = 0x100000 - lowmem;
+	desc->type = E820_RESERVED;
+	count++;
+	desc++;
+
+out:
 	return boot_params.e820_entries = count;
 }
 


  reply	other threads:[~2008-02-28 13:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 62+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-02-24 17:46 [PATCH] Fix alignment of early reservation for EBDA Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-24 19:27 ` Andi Kleen
2008-02-24 19:41 ` Ingo Molnar
2008-02-24 20:53   ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-25  2:18 ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-25 16:54   ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-25 17:01     ` Ingo Molnar
2008-02-25 18:07       ` [PATCH] reserve_early end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-25 18:13         ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-25 19:46           ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-25 21:17             ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-26  9:30             ` Ingo Molnar
2008-02-27 14:26               ` Andi Kleen
2008-02-27 14:38               ` [PATCH] reserve_early end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB II - some numbers to put it into perspective Andi Kleen
2008-02-27 16:44                 ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-27 20:01                 ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-28 13:13         ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB on 32-bit Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-28 13:28           ` Alexander van Heukelum [this message]
2008-02-28 21:12             ` [RFC] use realmode code to reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB Ian Campbell
2008-02-28 21:14               ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-28 23:16                 ` Ian Campbell
2008-02-29 20:00                   ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 11:41                   ` Mark McLoughlin
2008-03-04 14:33                     ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 15:12                       ` Ian Campbell
2008-03-04 15:13                       ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-04 15:25                         ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 16:02                           ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-04 16:15                             ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 16:15                       ` Mark McLoughlin
2008-03-04 16:23                         ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 17:44                   ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-05 15:59                   ` Eduardo Habkost
2008-03-05 16:08                     ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-03-05 16:53                       ` Eduardo Habkost
2008-03-05 17:28                         ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-03-05 17:28                           ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-05 17:38                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-03-05 16:38                     ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-05 17:27                       ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-28 21:09           ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB on 32-bit Ian Campbell
2008-02-29 11:49             ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-29 17:14               ` Mark McLoughlin
2008-02-29 18:38                 ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-29 18:44                   ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-02-29 18:56                     ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-29 22:06                   ` Mark McLoughlin
2008-02-29 22:26                     ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-01 16:09                     ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB on 32-bit v2 Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-01 16:12                       ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB on 64-bit add-on Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-04 11:44                       ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB on 32-bit v2 Mark McLoughlin
2008-03-04 13:31                         ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-04 14:49                         ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 15:16                           ` Mark McLoughlin
2008-03-04 15:24                             ` Ingo Molnar
2008-03-04 15:18                         ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-04 16:51                           ` Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-04 17:05                             ` H. Peter Anvin
2008-03-04 17:11                             ` Jeremy Fitzhardinge
2008-03-04 18:57                               ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB, 32-bit, use paravirt_enabled Alexander van Heukelum
2008-03-04 19:12                                 ` [PATCH] reserve end-of-conventional-memory to 1MB, 64-bit, " Alexander van Heukelum
2008-02-27 14:25     ` [PATCH] Fix alignment of early reservation for EBDA Andi Kleen

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