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From: David Brownell <>
Cc: Zhang Rui <>,
	Maxim Levitsky <>,,,,,
	Holger Macht <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ACPI: Add sysfs interface for acpi device wakeup
Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2008 11:52:08 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Wednesday 19 March 2008, Thomas Renninger wrote:
> On Fri, 2008-01-11 at 07:55 +0800, Yi Yang wrote:
> > > > I think that it would be much much better to place wake-up attributes under
> > > > corresponding PCI and PNP devices.
> > > > Probably it is even better to link this code to PCI code, so PCI
> > > > drivers will be aware of ACPI. 
> > >
> > > I like this idea, maxim. :)
> > > And that's what we actually did about half a year ago.
> > > 
> > > Yi,
> > > Please refer to
> > > and David's patch set here:
> > >
> > >
> > > You can have a look at this thread as well:
> > >

And I have some more split-out versions of those patches
now, too.  Cleanups and simplifications should be more
directly mergeable, and the tricky bits affecting GPE use
can be addressed by folk who are actively involved in the
nitty-gritty of making the power management parts of ACPI
work right for Linux.

I think I'll repost them soonish, to linux-pm and, as relevant,
to linux-acpi.  LKML for stuff that's IMO mergeable as-is.

> > I checked those patches you mentioned, they did bind two wakeup flag to
> > some extent, but they can't be exchanged to use and they are just partly
> > in current linus tree, two flags bind isn't in linus tree.


> > According to my test on the latest linus tree, wakeup flag of
> > acpi_device hasn't any association with device's, i don't know if they
> > are the same thing. if we enbale or disable it manually, what will
> > happen? From source code, it is just a flag, it doesn't trigger any
> > event or hardware operation.

Currently ACPI wakeup mechanisms are not at all integrated with
driver model mechanisms, or with non-ACPI bits of the system.

The "why" of that is that those patches still haven't been merged;
and the "why" of *that* is, AFAICT, that ACPI sleep/wake/resume
support is still in serious flux.

The current model is, yes, those are just flags ... and they only
kick in during driver state transitions.  Someday we can hope
they will support runtime power management (e.g. putting PCI
devices in PCI_D3hot to save power, then letting them trigger
runtime wake events when external hardware asks for that) ...
but for now, those transitions only kick in when the system as
a whole enters a sleep state, via /sys/power/state writes.

> > > thanks,
> > > Rui
> > > > For example it will fix the 'EHCI instantly wakes up the system
> > > > from S4' on my system, since here USB doesn't wake 
> > > > up anything from S4, and ACPI tables correctly show that.
> > > > 
> > > > If ehci driver was aware of that it could disable #PME on entrance to S4.
> > > > And we even can reuse its 'wakeup' attribute, thus enabling wakeup
> > > > automatically. 
> > > > 
> > > > Going ever further, I think that it will be great to get rid of ACPI
> > > > device tree, since 
> > > > most acpi devices are ether PCI of PNP ones.
> > > > 
> > > > Or, even better have a small ACPI tree, that will contain 'true'
> > > > ACPI devices, like cpus thermal sensors, buttons, etc. 

There's a bit of state in the ACPI device nodes that's not
currently visible through PCI or PNP.  The patch I posted
a while back to cross-link ACPI nodes to the "real" nodes
should help sort out some of that.  (Basically, it's just
an updated version of a patch from Zhang Rui.)

> Any news on this?

Not from me, but that sounds like a useful direction.  In
the same vein, it'd make sense to properly root PCI from the
PNP record for the PCI root.

> I ran into a problem with the current implementation:
> If one GPE is tight to several devices you get a message:
> echo XYZ >/tmp/acpi/wakeup
> ACPI: 'XXX' and 'XYZ' have the same GPE, can't disable/enable one
> seperately
> ACPI: 'YYY' and 'XYZ' have the same GPE, can't disable/enable one
> seperately
> and none of the devices are activated to be able to wake the machine up.

I've not happened across that myself.

> Which I expect is wrong, all should be enabled/disabled then IMO, but
> it's probably not worth much fixing in /proc/acpi/...


> The correct interface to use seem to be:
> drivers/base/power/sysfs.c
> But this is rather broken?
> Here an output of /proc/acpi/wakeup and /sys/...:
> for x in `find /sys/ |grep wakeup`;do if [ $(cat $x) ];then echo $x; cat $x;fi;done
> /sys/devices/pnp0/00:04/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb4/4-5/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb4/4-1/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb4/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.2/usb3/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.1/usb2/power/wakeup
> enabled
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.0/usb1/power/wakeup
> enabled

In short:  only USB portions of the tree have those flags set,
since USB (a) has some workarounds for the lack of ACPI support
on OHCI and EHCI controllers, like 00:1d.7, and (b) supports
those flags for devices that ACPI doesn't know about, such as
most USB keyboards, hubs, mice, and so forth.  Plus, (c) you
aren't using the rtc-cmos driver, which works better with the
rest of Linux than the legacy drivers/char/rtc driver.

If you had applied patches like my "teach ACPI how to use the
wakeup flags", you should see more devices with such flags.

> trenn@stravinsky:/extern/trenn/packages/home:trenn> cat /proc/acpi/wakeup 
> Device  S-state   Status   Sysfs node
> PCI0      S5     disabled  no-bus:pci0000:00

Hmm, and (d) you've got a system that doesn't do much in terms
of ACPI wakeup:  a PCI root bridge, and maybe some buttons.  Why
that root bridge shows up as a "no-bus" node I don't know... 
there's usually a PNP node for it, and otherwise it'd seem like
it should be a PCI device.  (The buttons seem to never show up.)

It's not uncommon for the ACPI device tables to list devices
that don't actually exist in /proc/acpi/wakeup.  Many of the
devices with no sysfs node seem to be of that type.  To me,
this just highlights the current weak handling of wakeups in
the ACPI stack.

> I still think (from comments in drivers/base/power/sysfs.c, not sure
> whether it really is that appropriate) it is wakeup sysfs file that
> should be used for this.


> I wonder why each device has a wakeup file, it should be enough to
> create them dynamically if wakeup enable/disable is supported for a
> specific device?

Because that can change dynamically.  Classic example:  a USB
device with two active configurations, plus "configuration zero".
Whether it's wakeup-capable depends on a bit in the descriptor
for the active configuration ... so config zero may never waake
the system, while either (or both!) of the active configs might.

> Also a second file is missing from which state (S3,S4,S5) the device can
> wake the machine up.

Those labels are ACPI-specific, and anything at the core of
Linux (like the driver model and its wakeup flags) should
never be ACPI-specific!

Plus, it's not clear how much that matters.  It's not as if
drivers should prevent entering sleep states if they can't
act as wake event sources in that level (e.g. S3 == "mem").
That information can stay in /proc/acpi/wakeup until that's
finally removed; if no userspace tools need that info, I see
no good reason for exporting it.

> If there can be multiple devices for one GPE, this information (the
> power directory of multiple devices) could be linked together in sysfs?
> E.g.
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb4/power/wakeup
> is a link to:
> /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.2/usb3/power/wakeup
> If both are using one wake-up GPE.

That doesn't seem helpful ... it'd mean that you couldn't
manage wakeup policy for individual devices. 

This issue is an ACPI-ism, having to do with how wakeup
is implemented on one platform:  "GPE" signals, which are
not exposed in any useful way, rather than IRQs (fully
exposed and shareable, see irq_chip.set_wake) or some other
mechanism.  So it doesn't belong in the driver model core.

> Also if the ACPI device caught through acpi_get_physical device is a PCI
> bridge, it should get evaluated what is behind the bridge and this
> device (e.g. a network card) should get the wakeup stuff set up, not the
> bridge?

One part of the bug 6892 discussion is specifically about
how PCI bridges don't support wakeup events ... PME# signals,
or their PCIE equivalent, as issued by add-in PCI cards.

I think that'll work better if ACPI gets sane support for
wakeup from the built-in devices first.  And oddly enough,
basic patches supporting that have been around for well over
a year now ...

> Does someone still look at this?
> If not, shall I or is it on some queue?
> Should this be discussed a bit more detailed first?

I'll do my bit by (re)reposting the patches I have.

- Dave

  parent reply	other threads:[~2008-03-19 21:01 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2007-12-27  6:47 [PATCH linux-acpi] Fix /proc/acpi/alarm set error Yi Yang
2007-12-27  8:41 ` [PATCH linux-acpi] Remove superfluous code and correct counting error in function acpi_system_write_alarm Yi Yang
2007-12-29  8:22   ` [PATCH linux-acpi] Correct wakeup set error and append a new column PCI ID Yi Yang
2008-01-01 23:20     ` Pavel Machek
2008-01-02  2:03       ` Yi Yang
2008-01-02 16:09         ` Pavel Machek
2008-01-03  2:02           ` Yi Yang
2008-01-03  2:11           ` Yi Yang
2008-01-04  8:16     ` [PATCH linux-acpi] fix acpi fan state set error Yi Yang
2008-01-07  6:56       ` [PATCH] ACPI: fix processor throttling " Yi Yang
2008-01-08  3:21         ` [PATCH] ACPI: fix processor limit " Yi Yang
2008-01-24  0:45           ` [PATCH] ACPI: create proc entry 'power' only if C2 or C3 is supported Yi Yang
2008-01-24 14:43             ` Mark Lord
2008-01-09 22:21         ` [PATCH] ACPI: Add sysfs interface for acpi device wakeup Yi Yang
2008-01-10  7:43           ` Maxim Levitsky
2008-01-09 23:59             ` Yi Yang
2008-01-10 10:30               ` Matthew Garrett
2008-01-13 18:16               ` Pavel Machek
2008-01-11  8:16             ` Zhang Rui
2008-01-10 23:55               ` Yi Yang
2008-03-19 13:06                 ` Thomas Renninger
2008-03-19 14:37                   ` Yi Yang
2008-03-20  4:32                     ` Zhao Yakui
2008-03-19 18:52                   ` David Brownell [this message]
2008-03-20  5:12                     ` Zhao Yakui
2008-03-20  6:12                       ` David Brownell

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