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From: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
To: gregkh@suse.de, Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>,
	Kenji Kaneshige <kaneshige.kenji@jp.fujitsu.com>,
	Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen.c.accardi@intel.com>,
	Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>,
	warthog19@eaglescrag.net, rick.jones2@hp.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-pci@atrey.karlin.mff.cuni.cz,
	linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH 4/4] ACPI PCI slot detection driver
Date: Tue, 25 Mar 2008 11:14:16 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20080325171416.GE3489@ldl.fc.hp.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20080325170951.GA3489@ldl.fc.hp.com>

Detect all physical PCI slots as described by ACPI, and create
entries in /sys/bus/pci/slots/.

Not all physical slots are hotpluggable, and the acpiphp module
does not detect them. Now we know the physical PCI geography of
our system, without caring about hotplug.


v10 -> v12:
	Thanks to Kenji Kaneshige for the following updates:
	- Fix dmi table for Fujitsu PRIMEQUEST
	- Fix _STA evaluation
	- Use list_head for pci slot list
	- Fix slot removal path

v9 -> v10:
	Allow an hp driver to override the pci_slot kobject name.

v8 -> v9:
	Add DMI quirk for Fujitsu machines; eval _STA before _SUN

v6 -> v8:
	No change

v5 -> v6:
	Add debugging information.

v4 -> v5:
	Convert to a tristate module.

	Remove #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_PCI_SLOT, as struct pci_slot
	objects are properly refcounted, and multiple calls to
	pci_create/destroy_slot work just fine.

	Remove prior -EBUSY changes, as they have been folded
	into the Introduce pci_slot patch.

v3 -> v4:
	Always attempt to call pci_create_slot from pcihp_core to
	cover cases of
		a) user did not say Y to Kconfig option ACPI_PCI_SLOT
		b) native PCIe hotplug driver registering on a
		non-ACPI system.

	Return -EBUSY if an hp driver attempts to register a slot
	that is already registered to another driver. Do not
	consider that to be an error condition in acpiphp and pciehp.

v2 -> v3:
	Add Kconfig option to driver, allowing users to [de]config
	this driver. If configured, take slightly different code
	paths in pci_hp_register and pci_hp_deregister.

v1 -> v2:
	Now recursively discovering p2p bridges and slots
	underneath them. Hopefully, this will prevent us
	from trying to register the same slot multiple times.

Signed-off-by: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
Acked-by: Kenji Kaneshige <kaneshige.kenji@jp.fujitsu.com>
---
 drivers/acpi/Kconfig                   |    9 +
 drivers/acpi/Makefile                  |    1 +
 drivers/acpi/pci_slot.c                |  370 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c |   16 ++
 drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c      |    2 +-
 drivers/pci/hotplug/sgi_hotplug.c      |    2 +-
 6 files changed, 398 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/acpi/pci_slot.c

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/Kconfig b/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
index b4f5e85..4ccb0e7 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/acpi/Kconfig
@@ -335,6 +335,15 @@ config ACPI_EC
 	  the battery and thermal drivers.  If you are compiling for a 
 	  mobile system, say Y.
 
+config ACPI_PCI_SLOT
+	tristate "PCI slot detection driver"
+	default n
+	help
+	  This driver will attempt to discover all PCI slots in your system,
+	  and creates entries in /sys/bus/pci/slots/. This feature can
+	  help you correlate PCI bus addresses with the physical geography
+	  of your slots. If you are unsure, say N.
+
 config ACPI_POWER
 	bool
 	default y
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/Makefile b/drivers/acpi/Makefile
index 40b0fca..579c29c 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/acpi/Makefile
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_DOCK)		+= dock.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_BAY)		+= bay.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_VIDEO)	+= video.o
 obj-y				+= pci_root.o pci_link.o pci_irq.o pci_bind.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_PCI_SLOT)	+= pci_slot.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_POWER)	+= power.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_PROCESSOR)	+= processor.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_CONTAINER)	+= container.o
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/pci_slot.c b/drivers/acpi/pci_slot.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2b48ea7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/acpi/pci_slot.c
@@ -0,0 +1,370 @@
+/*
+ *  pci_slot.c - ACPI PCI Slot Driver
+ *
+ *  The code here is heavily leveraged from the acpiphp module.
+ *  Thanks to Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx> for much guidance.
+ *  Thanks to Kenji Kaneshige <kaneshige.kenji@jp.fujitsu.com> for code
+ *  review and fixes.
+ *
+ *  Copyright (C) 2007 Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>
+ *  Copyright (C) 2007 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ *
+ *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ *  under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ *  version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ *  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ *  General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ *  with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ *  51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <acpi/acpi_bus.h>
+#include <acpi/acpi_drivers.h>
+
+static int debug;
+static int check_sta_before_sun;
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION 	"0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR	"Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com>"
+#define DRIVER_DESC	"ACPI PCI Slot Detection Driver"
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Debugging mode enabled or not");
+module_param(debug, bool, 0644);
+
+#define _COMPONENT		ACPI_PCI_COMPONENT
+ACPI_MODULE_NAME("pci_slot");
+
+#define MY_NAME "pci_slot"
+#define err(format, arg...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " format , MY_NAME , ## arg)
+#define info(format, arg...) printk(KERN_INFO "%s: " format , MY_NAME , ## arg)
+#define dbg(format, arg...)					\
+	do {							\
+		if (debug)					\
+			printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: " format,	\
+				MY_NAME , ## arg);		\
+	} while (0)
+
+struct acpi_pci_slot {
+	acpi_handle root_handle;	/* handle of the root bridge */
+	struct pci_slot *pci_slot;	/* corresponding pci_slot */
+	struct list_head list;		/* node in the list of slots */
+};
+
+static int acpi_pci_slot_add(acpi_handle handle);
+static void acpi_pci_slot_remove(acpi_handle handle);
+
+static LIST_HEAD(slot_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(slot_list_lock);
+static struct acpi_pci_driver acpi_pci_slot_driver = {
+	.add = acpi_pci_slot_add,
+	.remove = acpi_pci_slot_remove,
+};
+
+static int
+check_slot(acpi_handle handle, int *device, unsigned long *sun)
+{
+	int retval = 0;
+	unsigned long adr, sta;
+	acpi_status status;
+	struct acpi_buffer buffer = { ACPI_ALLOCATE_BUFFER, NULL };
+
+	acpi_get_name(handle, ACPI_FULL_PATHNAME, &buffer);
+	dbg("Checking slot on path: %s\n", (char *)buffer.pointer);
+
+	if (check_sta_before_sun) {
+		/* If SxFy doesn't have _STA, we just assume it's there */
+		status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_STA", NULL, &sta);
+		if (ACPI_SUCCESS(status) && !(sta & ACPI_STA_DEVICE_PRESENT)) {
+			retval = -1;
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+	status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_ADR", NULL, &adr);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status)) {
+		dbg("_ADR returned %d on %s\n", status, (char *)buffer.pointer);
+		retval = -1;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	*device = (adr >> 16) & 0xffff;
+
+	/* No _SUN == not a slot == bail */
+	status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_SUN", NULL, sun);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status)) {
+		dbg("_SUN returned %d on %s\n", status, (char *)buffer.pointer);
+		retval = -1;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+out:
+	kfree(buffer.pointer);
+	return retval;
+}
+
+struct callback_args {
+	acpi_walk_callback	user_function;	/* only for walk_p2p_bridge */
+	struct pci_bus		*pci_bus;
+	acpi_handle		root_handle;
+};
+
+/*
+ * register_slot
+ *
+ * Called once for each SxFy object in the namespace. Don't worry about
+ * calling pci_create_slot multiple times for the same pci_bus:device,
+ * since each subsequent call simply bumps the refcount on the pci_slot.
+ *
+ * The number of calls to pci_destroy_slot from unregister_slot is
+ * symmetrical.
+ */
+static acpi_status
+register_slot(acpi_handle handle, u32 lvl, void *context, void **rv)
+{
+	int device;
+	unsigned long sun;
+	char name[KOBJ_NAME_LEN];
+	struct acpi_pci_slot *slot;
+	struct pci_slot *pci_slot;
+	struct callback_args *parent_context = context;
+	struct pci_bus *pci_bus = parent_context->pci_bus;
+
+	if (check_slot(handle, &device, &sun))
+		return AE_OK;
+
+	slot = kmalloc(sizeof(*slot), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!slot) {
+		err("%s: cannot allocate memory\n", __func__);
+		return AE_OK;
+	}
+
+	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%u", (u32)sun);
+	pci_slot = pci_create_slot(pci_bus, device, name);
+	if (IS_ERR(pci_slot)) {
+		err("pci_create_slot returned %ld\n", PTR_ERR(pci_slot));
+		kfree(slot);
+	}
+
+	slot->root_handle = parent_context->root_handle;
+	slot->pci_slot = pci_slot;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&slot->list);
+	mutex_lock(&slot_list_lock);
+	list_add(&slot->list, &slot_list);
+	mutex_unlock(&slot_list_lock);
+
+	dbg("pci_slot: %#lx, pci_bus: %x, device: %d, name: %s\n",
+		(uint64_t)pci_slot, pci_bus->number, device, name);
+
+	return AE_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+ * walk_p2p_bridge - discover and walk p2p bridges
+ * @handle: points to an acpi_pci_root
+ * @context: p2p_bridge_context pointer
+ *
+ * Note that when we call ourselves recursively, we pass a different
+ * value of pci_bus in the child_context.
+ */
+static acpi_status
+walk_p2p_bridge(acpi_handle handle, u32 lvl, void *context, void **rv)
+{
+	int device, function;
+	unsigned long adr;
+	acpi_status status;
+	acpi_handle dummy_handle;
+	acpi_walk_callback user_function;
+
+	struct pci_dev *dev;
+	struct pci_bus *pci_bus;
+	struct callback_args child_context;
+	struct callback_args *parent_context = context;
+
+	pci_bus = parent_context->pci_bus;
+	user_function = parent_context->user_function;
+
+	status = acpi_get_handle(handle, "_ADR", &dummy_handle);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		return AE_OK;
+
+	status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_ADR", NULL, &adr);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		return AE_OK;
+
+	device = (adr >> 16) & 0xffff;
+	function = adr & 0xffff;
+
+	dev = pci_get_slot(pci_bus, PCI_DEVFN(device, function));
+	if (!dev || !dev->subordinate)
+		goto out;
+
+	child_context.pci_bus = dev->subordinate;
+	child_context.user_function = user_function;
+	child_context.root_handle = parent_context->root_handle;
+
+	dbg("p2p bridge walk, pci_bus = %x\n", dev->subordinate->number);
+	status = acpi_walk_namespace(ACPI_TYPE_DEVICE, handle, (u32)1,
+				     user_function, &child_context, NULL);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		goto out;
+
+	status = acpi_walk_namespace(ACPI_TYPE_DEVICE, handle, (u32)1,
+				     walk_p2p_bridge, &child_context, NULL);
+out:
+	pci_dev_put(dev);
+	return AE_OK;
+}
+
+#define ACPI_STA_FUNCTIONING            (0x00000008)
+
+/*
+ * walk_root_bridge - generic root bridge walker
+ * @handle: points to an acpi_pci_root
+ * @user_function: user callback for slot objects
+ *
+ * Call user_function for all objects underneath this root bridge.
+ * Walk p2p bridges underneath us and call user_function on those too.
+ */
+static int
+walk_root_bridge(acpi_handle handle, acpi_walk_callback user_function)
+{
+	int seg, bus;
+	unsigned long tmp;
+	acpi_status status;
+	acpi_handle dummy_handle;
+	struct pci_bus *pci_bus;
+	struct callback_args context;
+
+	/* If the bridge doesn't have _STA, we assume it is always there */
+	status = acpi_get_handle(handle, "_STA", &dummy_handle);
+	if (ACPI_SUCCESS(status)) {
+		status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_STA", NULL, &tmp);
+		if (ACPI_FAILURE(status)) {
+			info("%s: _STA evaluation failure\n", __func__);
+			return 0;
+		}
+		if ((tmp & ACPI_STA_FUNCTIONING) == 0)
+			/* don't register this object */
+			return 0;
+	}
+
+	status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_SEG", NULL, &tmp);
+	seg = ACPI_SUCCESS(status) ? tmp : 0;
+
+	status = acpi_evaluate_integer(handle, "_BBN", NULL, &tmp);
+	bus = ACPI_SUCCESS(status) ? tmp : 0;
+
+	pci_bus = pci_find_bus(seg, bus);
+	if (!pci_bus)
+		return 0;
+
+	context.pci_bus = pci_bus;
+	context.user_function = user_function;
+	context.root_handle = handle;
+
+	dbg("root bridge walk, pci_bus = %x\n", pci_bus->number);
+	status = acpi_walk_namespace(ACPI_TYPE_DEVICE, handle, (u32)1,
+				     user_function, &context, NULL);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		return status;
+
+	status = acpi_walk_namespace(ACPI_TYPE_DEVICE, handle, (u32)1,
+				     walk_p2p_bridge, &context, NULL);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		err("%s: walk_p2p_bridge failure - %d\n", __func__, status);
+
+	return status;
+}
+
+/*
+ * acpi_pci_slot_add
+ * @handle: points to an acpi_pci_root
+ */
+static int
+acpi_pci_slot_add(acpi_handle handle)
+{
+	acpi_status status;
+
+	status = walk_root_bridge(handle, register_slot);
+	if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+		err("%s: register_slot failure - %d\n", __func__, status);
+
+	return status;
+}
+
+/*
+ * acpi_pci_slot_remove
+ * @handle: points to an acpi_pci_root
+ */
+static void
+acpi_pci_slot_remove(acpi_handle handle)
+{
+	struct acpi_pci_slot *slot, *tmp;
+
+	mutex_lock(&slot_list_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(slot, tmp, &slot_list, list) {
+		if (slot->root_handle == handle) {
+			list_del(&slot->list);
+			pci_destroy_slot(slot->pci_slot);
+			kfree(slot);
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&slot_list_lock);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DMI
+static int do_sta_before_sun(const struct dmi_system_id *d)
+{
+	info("%s detected: will evaluate _STA before calling _SUN\n", d->ident);
+	check_sta_before_sun = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dmi_system_id acpi_pci_slot_dmi_table[] __initdata = {
+	/*
+	 * Fujitsu Primequest machines will return 1023 to indicate an
+	 * error if the _SUN method is evaluated on SxFy objects that
+	 * are not present (as indicated by _STA), so for those machines,
+	 * we want to check _STA before evaluating _SUN.
+	 */
+	{
+	 .callback = do_sta_before_sun,
+	 .ident = "Fujitsu PRIMEQUEST",
+	 .matches = {
+		DMI_MATCH(DMI_BIOS_VENDOR, "FUJITSU LIMITED"),
+		DMI_MATCH(DMI_BIOS_VERSION, "PRIMEQUEST"),
+		},
+	},
+	{}
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_DMI */
+
+static int __init
+acpi_pci_slot_init(void)
+{
+	dmi_check_system(acpi_pci_slot_dmi_table);
+	acpi_pci_register_driver(&acpi_pci_slot_driver);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit
+acpi_pci_slot_exit(void)
+{
+	acpi_pci_unregister_driver(&acpi_pci_slot_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(acpi_pci_slot_init);
+module_exit(acpi_pci_slot_exit);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c
index 5208786..8181bf6 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c
@@ -566,6 +566,11 @@ int pci_hp_register(struct hotplug_slot *slot, struct pci_bus *bus, int slot_nr)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * No problems if we call this interface from both ACPI_PCI_SLOT
+	 * driver and call it here again. If we've already created the
+	 * pci_slot, the interface will simply bump the refcount.
+	 */
 	pci_slot = pci_create_slot(bus, slot_nr, slot->name);
 	if (IS_ERR(pci_slot))
 		return PTR_ERR(pci_slot);
@@ -579,6 +584,17 @@ int pci_hp_register(struct hotplug_slot *slot, struct pci_bus *bus, int slot_nr)
 	slot->pci_slot = pci_slot;
 	pci_slot->hotplug = slot;
 
+	/*
+	 * Allow pcihp drivers to override the ACPI_PCI_SLOT name.
+	 */
+	if (strcmp(kobject_name(&pci_slot->kobj), slot->name)) {
+		result = kobject_rename(&pci_slot->kobj, slot->name);
+		if (result) {
+			pci_destroy_slot(pci_slot);
+			return result;
+		}
+	}
+
 	spin_lock(&pci_hotplug_slot_list_lock);
 	list_add(&slot->slot_list, &pci_hotplug_slot_list);
 	spin_unlock(&pci_hotplug_slot_list_lock);
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
index e6d3d4d..7561d17 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
@@ -249,7 +249,7 @@ static int init_slots(struct controller *ctrl)
 		if (retval == -EBUSY)
 			goto error_info;
 		if (retval) {
-			err ("pci_hp_register failed with error %d\n", retval);
+			err("pci_hp_register failed with error %d\n", retval);
 			goto error_info;
 		}
 		/* create additional sysfs entries */
diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/sgi_hotplug.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/sgi_hotplug.c
index 8908834..5fd6887 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/sgi_hotplug.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/sgi_hotplug.c
@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ static int sn_hotplug_slot_register(struct pci_bus *pci_bus)
 
 register_err:
 	dev_dbg(&pci_bus->self->dev, "bus failed to register with err = %d\n",
-	        rc);
+		rc);
 
 alloc_err:
 	if (rc == -ENOMEM)
-- 
1.5.3.1.g1e61


  parent reply	other threads:[~2008-03-25 17:14 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 38+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-03-25 17:09 [PATCH 0/4, v12] PCI, ACPI: Physical PCI slot objects Alex Chiang
2008-03-25 17:12 ` [PATCH 1/4] Construct one fakephp slot per pci slot Alex Chiang
2008-03-25 17:12 ` [PATCH 2/4] Export kobject_rename for pci_hotplug_core Alex Chiang
2008-03-25 17:13 ` [PATCH 3/4] Introduce pci_slot Alex Chiang
2008-03-25 17:14 ` Alex Chiang [this message]
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2008-03-25  4:13 [PATCH 0/4, v11] PCI, ACPI: Physical PCI slot objects Alex Chiang
2008-03-25  4:17 ` [PATCH 4/4] ACPI PCI slot detection driver Alex Chiang
2008-03-25  4:50   ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-02-29  0:23 [PATCH 0/4, v7] PCI, ACPI: Physical PCI slot objects Alex Chiang
2008-02-29  0:29 ` [PATCH 4/4] ACPI PCI slot detection driver Alex Chiang
2008-03-01  5:25   ` Greg KH
2008-03-01 14:43     ` Matthew Wilcox
2008-03-04  5:49       ` Greg KH
2008-03-04 18:18         ` Jesse Barnes
2008-03-04 19:30           ` Greg KH
2008-03-04 20:02             ` Jesse Barnes
2008-03-04 20:12             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2008-03-04 23:09             ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-05  1:11               ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-05 20:20                 ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-05 20:34                   ` Matthew Wilcox
2008-03-06  2:07                   ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-11 13:10                   ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-11 13:28                     ` Matthew Wilcox
2008-03-11 16:56                       ` Jesse Barnes
2008-03-12  5:51                         ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-12  4:08                       ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-11 18:04                     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2008-03-11 19:14                       ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-12 11:33                         ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-13  3:24                           ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-14  2:16                             ` Gary Hade
2008-03-14  5:34                               ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-18 20:49                                 ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-12 10:50                       ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-11 23:34                     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2008-03-12 12:59                       ` Kenji Kaneshige
2008-03-04 22:58         ` Alex Chiang
2008-03-04 23:15           ` Greg KH
2008-03-04 23:46             ` Alex Chiang

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