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From: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
To: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-mm@kvack.org" <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	"balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com" <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	"akpm@linux-foundation.org" <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	"menage@google.com" <menage@google.com>,
	"xemul@openvz.org" <xemul@openvz.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/4][mmotm] memcg: simple migration handling
Date: Tue, 28 Oct 2008 21:37:24 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20081028213724.ce556e4a.nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20081028191532.e2cb2f03.kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>

On Tue, 28 Oct 2008 19:15:32 +0900, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> Now, management of "charge" under page migration is done under following
> manner. (Assume migrate page contents from oldpage to newpage)
> 
>  before
>   - "newpage" is charged before migration.
>  at success.
>   - "oldpage" is uncharged at somewhere(unmap, radix-tree-replace)
>  at failure
>   - "newpage" is uncharged.
>   - "oldpage" is charged if necessary (*1)
> 
> But (*1) is not reliable....because of GFP_ATOMIC.
> 
> This patch tries to change behavior as following by charge/commit/cancel ops.
> 
>  before
>   - charge PAGE_SIZE (no target page)
>  success
>   - commit charge against "newpage".
>  failure
>   - commit charge against "oldpage".
>     (PCG_USED bit works effectively to avoid double-counting)
>   - if "oldpage" is obsolete, cancel charge of PAGE_SIZE.
> 
> Changelog: v8 -> v9
>  - fixed text.
> Changelog: v7 -> v8
>  - fixed memcg==NULL case in migration handling.
>   
> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> 
	Reviewed-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>

I tested previous version of these patches of course, I'm now
testing this version just in case.


Thanks,
Daisuke Nishimura.

>  include/linux/memcontrol.h |   19 ++-----
>  mm/memcontrol.c            |  108 +++++++++++++++++++++------------------------
>  mm/migrate.c               |   42 +++++------------
>  3 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 96 deletions(-)
> 
> Index: mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/mm/migrate.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.28rc2+.orig/mm/migrate.c
> +++ mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/mm/migrate.c
> @@ -121,20 +121,6 @@ static void remove_migration_pte(struct 
>  	if (!is_migration_entry(entry) || migration_entry_to_page(entry) != old)
>  		goto out;
>  
> -	/*
> -	 * Yes, ignore the return value from a GFP_ATOMIC mem_cgroup_charge.
> -	 * Failure is not an option here: we're now expected to remove every
> -	 * migration pte, and will cause crashes otherwise.  Normally this
> -	 * is not an issue: mem_cgroup_prepare_migration bumped up the old
> -	 * page_cgroup count for safety, that's now attached to the new page,
> -	 * so this charge should just be another incrementation of the count,
> -	 * to keep in balance with rmap.c's mem_cgroup_uncharging.  But if
> -	 * there's been a force_empty, those reference counts may no longer
> -	 * be reliable, and this charge can actually fail: oh well, we don't
> -	 * make the situation any worse by proceeding as if it had succeeded.
> -	 */
> -	mem_cgroup_charge_migrate_fixup(new, mm, GFP_ATOMIC);
> -
>  	get_page(new);
>  	pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, vma->vm_page_prot));
>  	if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
> @@ -382,9 +368,6 @@ static void migrate_page_copy(struct pag
>  	anon = PageAnon(page);
>  	page->mapping = NULL;
>  
> -	if (!anon) /* This page was removed from radix-tree. */
> -		mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
> -
>  	/*
>  	 * If any waiters have accumulated on the new page then
>  	 * wake them up.
> @@ -621,6 +604,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get
>  	struct page *newpage = get_new_page(page, private, &result);
>  	int rcu_locked = 0;
>  	int charge = 0;
> +	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
>  
>  	if (!newpage)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
> @@ -630,24 +614,26 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get
>  		goto move_newpage;
>  	}
>  
> -	charge = mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(page, newpage);
> -	if (charge == -ENOMEM) {
> -		rc = -ENOMEM;
> -		goto move_newpage;
> -	}
>  	/* prepare cgroup just returns 0 or -ENOMEM */
> -	BUG_ON(charge);
> -
>  	rc = -EAGAIN;
> +
>  	if (!trylock_page(page)) {
>  		if (!force)
>  			goto move_newpage;
>  		lock_page(page);
>  	}
>  
> +	/* charge against new page */
> +	charge = mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(page, &mem);
> +	if (charge == -ENOMEM) {
> +		rc = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto unlock;
> +	}
> +	BUG_ON(charge);
> +
>  	if (PageWriteback(page)) {
>  		if (!force)
> -			goto unlock;
> +			goto uncharge;
>  		wait_on_page_writeback(page);
>  	}
>  	/*
> @@ -700,7 +686,9 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get
>  rcu_unlock:
>  	if (rcu_locked)
>  		rcu_read_unlock();
> -
> +uncharge:
> +	if (!charge)
> +		mem_cgroup_end_migration(mem, page, newpage);
>  unlock:
>  	unlock_page(page);
>  
> @@ -716,8 +704,6 @@ unlock:
>  	}
>  
>  move_newpage:
> -	if (!charge)
> -		mem_cgroup_end_migration(newpage);
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * Move the new page to the LRU. If migration was not successful
> Index: mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.28rc2+.orig/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -29,8 +29,6 @@ struct mm_struct;
>  
>  extern int mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
>  				gfp_t gfp_mask);
> -extern int mem_cgroup_charge_migrate_fixup(struct page *page,
> -				struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask);
>  /* for swap handling */
>  extern int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
>  		gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **ptr);
> @@ -60,8 +58,9 @@ extern struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_fro
>  	((cgroup) == mem_cgroup_from_task((mm)->owner))
>  
>  extern int
> -mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct page *newpage);
> -extern void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct page *page);
> +mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup **ptr);
> +extern void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +	struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage);
>  
>  /*
>   * For memory reclaim.
> @@ -94,12 +93,6 @@ static inline int mem_cgroup_cache_charg
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static inline int mem_cgroup_charge_migrate_fixup(struct page *page,
> -					struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> -{
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
>  static int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
>  				gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **ptr)
>  {
> @@ -143,12 +136,14 @@ static inline int task_in_mem_cgroup(str
>  }
>  
>  static inline int
> -mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct page *newpage)
> +mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup **ptr)
>  {
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static inline void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct page *page)
> +static inline void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +					struct page *oldpage,
> +					struct page *newpage)
>  {
>  }
>  
> Index: mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/mm/memcontrol.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.28rc2+.orig/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ mmotm-2.6.28rc2+/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -627,34 +627,6 @@ int mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(struct pag
>  				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED, NULL);
>  }
>  
> -/*
> - * same as mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(), now.
> - * But what we assume is different from newpage, and this is special case.
> - * treat this in special function. easy for maintenance.
> - */
> -
> -int mem_cgroup_charge_migrate_fixup(struct page *page,
> -				struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> -{
> -	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
> -		return 0;
> -
> -	if (PageCompound(page))
> -		return 0;
> -
> -	if (page_mapped(page) || (page->mapping && !PageAnon(page)))
> -		return 0;
> -
> -	if (unlikely(!mm))
> -		mm = &init_mm;
> -
> -	return mem_cgroup_charge_common(page, mm, gfp_mask,
> -				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED, NULL);
> -}
> -
> -
> -
> -
>  int mem_cgroup_cache_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
>  				gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
> @@ -697,7 +669,6 @@ int mem_cgroup_cache_charge(struct page 
>  				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SHMEM, NULL);
>  }
>  
> -
>  void mem_cgroup_commit_charge_swapin(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *ptr)
>  {
>  	struct page_cgroup *pc;
> @@ -782,13 +753,13 @@ void mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(stru
>  }
>  
>  /*
> - * Before starting migration, account against new page.
> + * Before starting migration, account PAGE_SIZE to mem_cgroup that the old
> + * page belongs to.
>   */
> -int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct page *newpage)
> +int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup **ptr)
>  {
>  	struct page_cgroup *pc;
>  	struct mem_cgroup *mem = NULL;
> -	enum charge_type ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED;
>  	int ret = 0;
>  
>  	if (mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
> @@ -799,42 +770,67 @@ int mem_cgroup_prepare_migration(struct 
>  	if (PageCgroupUsed(pc)) {
>  		mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
>  		css_get(&mem->css);
> -		if (PageCgroupCache(pc)) {
> -			if (page_is_file_cache(page))
> -				ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE;
> -			else
> -				ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SHMEM;
> -		}
>  	}
>  	unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> +
>  	if (mem) {
> -		ret = mem_cgroup_charge_common(newpage, NULL,
> -					GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE,
> -					ctype, mem);
> +		ret = mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, &mem);
>  		css_put(&mem->css);
>  	}
> +	*ptr = mem;
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
>  /* remove redundant charge if migration failed*/
> -void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct page *newpage)
> +void mem_cgroup_end_migration(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +		struct page *oldpage, struct page *newpage)
>  {
> +	struct page *target, *unused;
> +	struct page_cgroup *pc;
> +	enum charge_type ctype;
> +
> +	if (!mem)
> +		return;
> +
> +	/* at migration success, oldpage->mapping is NULL. */
> +	if (oldpage->mapping) {
> +		target = oldpage;
> +		unused = NULL;
> +	} else {
> +		target = newpage;
> +		unused = oldpage;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (PageAnon(target))
> +		ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED;
> +	else if (page_is_file_cache(target))
> +		ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE;
> +	else
> +		ctype = MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SHMEM;
> +
> +	/* unused page is not on radix-tree now. */
> +	if (unused && ctype != MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED)
> +		__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(unused, ctype);
> +
> +	pc = lookup_page_cgroup(target);
>  	/*
> -	 * At success, page->mapping is not NULL.
> -	 * special rollback care is necessary when
> -	 * 1. at migration failure. (newpage->mapping is cleared in this case)
> -	 * 2. the newpage was moved but not remapped again because the task
> -	 *    exits and the newpage is obsolete. In this case, the new page
> -	 *    may be a swapcache. So, we just call mem_cgroup_uncharge_page()
> -	 *    always for avoiding mess. The  page_cgroup will be removed if
> -	 *    unnecessary. File cache pages is still on radix-tree. Don't
> -	 *    care it.
> +	 * __mem_cgroup_commit_charge() check PCG_USED bit of page_cgroup.
> +	 * So, double-counting is effectively avoided.
> +	 */
> +	__mem_cgroup_commit_charge(mem, pc, ctype);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Both of oldpage and newpage are still under lock_page().
> +	 * Then, we don't have to care about race in radix-tree.
> +	 * But we have to be careful that this page is unmapped or not.
> +	 *
> +	 * There is a case for !page_mapped(). At the start of
> +	 * migration, oldpage was mapped. But now, it's zapped.
> +	 * But we know *target* page is not freed/reused under us.
> +	 * mem_cgroup_uncharge_page() does all necessary checks.
>  	 */
> -	if (!newpage->mapping)
> -		__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(newpage,
> -				MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
> -	else if (PageAnon(newpage))
> -		mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(newpage);
> +	if (ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED)
> +		mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(target);
>  }
>  
>  /*
> 

      reply	other threads:[~2008-10-28 12:47 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-10-28 10:09 [PATCH 0/4][mmotm] memcg clean up KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-28 10:10 ` [PATCH 1/4][mmotm] cgroup: make cgroup config as submenu KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-28 11:07   ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-10-28 10:11 ` [PATCH 2/4][mmotm] memcg: introduce charge-commit-cancel style of functions KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-28 11:40   ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-10-28 10:14 ` [PATCH 3/4][mmotm] memcg: fix gfp_mask of callers of charge KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-28 12:07   ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-10-28 10:15 ` [PATCH 4/4][mmotm] memcg: simple migration handling KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-28 12:37   ` Daisuke Nishimura [this message]

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