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From: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
To: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: "linux-mm@kvack.org" <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com" <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	"nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp" <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>,
	hugh@veritas.com, taka@valinux.co.jp
Subject: Re: [RFC][PATCH 1/5] memcg : force_empty to do move account
Date: Fri, 31 Oct 2008 18:25:30 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20081031182530.f4bd80be.nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20081031115241.1399d605.kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>

On Fri, 31 Oct 2008 11:52:41 +0900, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> This patch provides a function to move account information of a page between
> mem_cgroups and rewrite force_empty to make use of this.
> 
> This moving of page_cgroup is done under
>  - lru_lock of source/destination mem_cgroup is held.
>  - lock_page_cgroup() is held.
> 
> Then, a routine which touches pc->mem_cgroup without lock_page_cgroup() should
> confirm pc->mem_cgroup is still valid or not. Typical code can be following.
> 
> (while page is not under lock_page())
> 	mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
> 	mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc)
> 	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock);
> 	if (pc->mem_cgroup == mem)
> 		...../* some list handling */
> 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock);
> 
> Of course, better way is
> 	lock_page_cgroup(pc);
> 	....
> 	unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> 
> But you should confirm the nest of lock and avoid deadlock.
> 
> If you treats page_cgroup from mem_cgroup's LRU under mz->lru_lock,
> you don't have to worry about what pc->mem_cgroup points to.
> moved pages are added to head of lru, not to tail.
> 
> Expected users of this routine is:
>   - force_empty (rmdir)
>   - moving tasks between cgroup (for moving account information.)
>   - hierarchy (maybe useful.)
> 
> force_empty(rmdir) uses this move_account and move pages to its parent.
> This "move" will not cause OOM (I added "oom" parameter to try_charge().)
> 
> If the parent is busy (not enough memory), force_empty calls try_to_free_page()
> and reduce usage.
> 
> Purpose of this behavior is
>   - Fix "forget all" behavior of force_empty and avoid leak of accounting.
>   - By "moving first, free if necessary", keep pages on memory as much as
>     possible.
> 
> Adding a switch to change behavior of force_empty to
>   - free first, move if necessary
>   - free all, if there is mlocked/busy pages, return -EBUSY.
> is under consideration.
> 
> This patch removes memory.force_empty file, a brutal debug-only interface.
> 
> Changelog: (v8) -> (v9)
>   - fixed typos.
> 
> Changelog: (v6) -> (v8)
>   - removed memory.force_empty file which was provided only for debug.
> 
> Changelog: (v5) -> (v6)
>   - removed unnecessary check.
>   - do all under lock_page_cgroup().
>   - removed res_counter_charge() from move function itself.
>     (and modifies try_charge() function.)
>   - add argument to add_list() to specify to add page_cgroup head or tail.
>   - merged with force_empty patch. (to answer who is user? question)
> 
> Changelog: (v4) -> (v5)
>   - check for lock_page() is removed.
>   - rewrote description.
> 
> Changelog: (v2) -> (v4)
>   - added lock_page_cgroup().
>   - moved out from new-force-empty patch.
>   - added how-to-use text.
>   - fixed race in __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common().
> 
> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> 
Previous version(v8) of this patch worked well under my rmdir test
for more than 24 hours, and there is no practical difference from then.
(I tested this version too for a few hours just to make sure.)

	Reviewed-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
	Tested-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>

Thanks,
Daisuke Nishimura.

>  Documentation/controllers/memory.txt |   12 -
>  mm/memcontrol.c                      |  277 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>  2 files changed, 214 insertions(+), 75 deletions(-)
> 
> Index: mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+/mm/memcontrol.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+.orig/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -257,7 +257,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_remove_list(str
>  }
>  
>  static void __mem_cgroup_add_list(struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz,
> -				struct page_cgroup *pc)
> +				struct page_cgroup *pc, bool hot)
>  {
>  	int lru = LRU_BASE;
>  
> @@ -271,7 +271,10 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_add_list(struct
>  	}
>  
>  	MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru) += 1;
> -	list_add(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
> +	if (hot)
> +		list_add(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
> +	else
> +		list_add_tail(&pc->lru, &mz->lists[lru]);
>  
>  	mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(pc->mem_cgroup, pc, true);
>  }
> @@ -467,21 +470,12 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_isolate_pages(u
>  	return nr_taken;
>  }
>  
> -
> -/**
> - * mem_cgroup_try_charge - get charge of PAGE_SIZE.
> - * @mm: an mm_struct which is charged against. (when *memcg is NULL)
> - * @gfp_mask: gfp_mask for reclaim.
> - * @memcg: a pointer to memory cgroup which is charged against.
> - *
> - * charge against memory cgroup pointed by *memcg. if *memcg == NULL, estimated
> - * memory cgroup from @mm is got and stored in *memcg.
> - *
> - * Returns 0 if success. -ENOMEM at failure.
> +/*
> + * Unlike exported interface, "oom" parameter is added. if oom==true,
> + * oom-killer can be invoked.
>   */
> -
> -int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> -			gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcg)
> +static int __mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> +			gfp_t gfp_mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcg, bool oom)
>  {
>  	struct mem_cgroup *mem;
>  	int nr_retries = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;
> @@ -528,7 +522,8 @@ int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_stru
>  			continue;
>  
>  		if (!nr_retries--) {
> -			mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(mem, gfp_mask);
> +			if (oom)
> +				mem_cgroup_out_of_memory(mem, gfp_mask);
>  			goto nomem;
>  		}
>  	}
> @@ -538,6 +533,25 @@ nomem:
>  	return -ENOMEM;
>  }
>  
> +/**
> + * mem_cgroup_try_charge - get charge of PAGE_SIZE.
> + * @mm: an mm_struct which is charged against. (when *memcg is NULL)
> + * @gfp_mask: gfp_mask for reclaim.
> + * @memcg: a pointer to memory cgroup which is charged against.
> + *
> + * charge against memory cgroup pointed by *memcg. if *memcg == NULL, estimated
> + * memory cgroup from @mm is got and stored in *memcg.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if success. -ENOMEM at failure.
> + * This call can invoke OOM-Killer.
> + */
> +
> +int mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct *mm,
> +			  gfp_t mask, struct mem_cgroup **memcg)
> +{
> +	return __mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, mask, memcg, true);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * commit a charge got by mem_cgroup_try_charge() and makes page_cgroup to be
>   * USED state. If already USED, uncharge and return.
> @@ -571,11 +585,109 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_commit_charge(s
>  	mz = page_cgroup_zoneinfo(pc);
>  
>  	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> -	__mem_cgroup_add_list(mz, pc);
> +	__mem_cgroup_add_list(mz, pc, true);
>  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
>  	unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
>  }
>  
> +/**
> + * mem_cgroup_move_account - move account of the page
> + * @pc:	page_cgroup of the page.
> + * @from: mem_cgroup which the page is moved from.
> + * @to:	mem_cgroup which the page is moved to. @from != @to.
> + *
> + * The caller must confirm following.
> + * 1. disable irq.
> + * 2. lru_lock of old mem_cgroup(@from) should be held.
> + *
> + * returns 0 at success,
> + * returns -EBUSY when lock is busy or "pc" is unstable.
> + *
> + * This function does "uncharge" from old cgroup but doesn't do "charge" to
> + * new cgroup. It should be done by a caller.
> + */
> +
> +static int mem_cgroup_move_account(struct page_cgroup *pc,
> +	struct mem_cgroup *from, struct mem_cgroup *to)
> +{
> +	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *from_mz, *to_mz;
> +	int nid, zid;
> +	int ret = -EBUSY;
> +
> +	VM_BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
> +	VM_BUG_ON(from == to);
> +
> +	nid = page_cgroup_nid(pc);
> +	zid = page_cgroup_zid(pc);
> +	from_mz =  mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(from, nid, zid);
> +	to_mz =  mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(to, nid, zid);
> +
> +
> +	if (!trylock_page_cgroup(pc))
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (!PageCgroupUsed(pc))
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	if (pc->mem_cgroup != from)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	if (spin_trylock(&to_mz->lru_lock)) {
> +		__mem_cgroup_remove_list(from_mz, pc);
> +		css_put(&from->css);
> +		res_counter_uncharge(&from->res, PAGE_SIZE);
> +		pc->mem_cgroup = to;
> +		css_get(&to->css);
> +		__mem_cgroup_add_list(to_mz, pc, false);
> +		ret = 0;
> +		spin_unlock(&to_mz->lru_lock);
> +	}
> +out:
> +	unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * move charges to its parent.
> + */
> +
> +static int mem_cgroup_move_parent(struct page_cgroup *pc,
> +				  struct mem_cgroup *child,
> +				  gfp_t gfp_mask)
> +{
> +	struct cgroup *cg = child->css.cgroup;
> +	struct cgroup *pcg = cg->parent;
> +	struct mem_cgroup *parent;
> +	struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* Is ROOT ? */
> +	if (!pcg)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	parent = mem_cgroup_from_cont(pcg);
> +
> +	ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(NULL, gfp_mask, &parent, false);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(child,
> +			page_cgroup_nid(pc), page_cgroup_zid(pc));
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +	ret = mem_cgroup_move_account(pc, child, parent);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +
> +	/* drop extra refcnt */
> +	css_put(&parent->css);
> +	/* uncharge if move fails */
> +	if (ret)
> +		res_counter_uncharge(&parent->res, PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Charge the memory controller for page usage.
>   * Return
> @@ -597,7 +709,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_charge_common(stru
>  	prefetchw(pc);
>  
>  	mem = memcg;
> -	ret = mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, gfp_mask, &mem);
> +	ret = __mem_cgroup_try_charge(mm, gfp_mask, &mem, true);
>  	if (ret)
>  		return ret;
>  
> @@ -898,46 +1010,52 @@ int mem_cgroup_resize_limit(struct mem_c
>   * This routine traverse page_cgroup in given list and drop them all.
>   * *And* this routine doesn't reclaim page itself, just removes page_cgroup.
>   */
> -#define FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH	(128)
> -static void mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> +static int mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
>  			    struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz,
>  			    enum lru_list lru)
>  {
> -	struct page_cgroup *pc;
> -	struct page *page;
> -	int count = FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH;
> +	struct page_cgroup *pc, *busy;
>  	unsigned long flags;
> +	unsigned long loop;
>  	struct list_head *list;
> +	int ret = 0;
>  
>  	list = &mz->lists[lru];
>  
> -	spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> -	while (!list_empty(list)) {
> -		pc = list_entry(list->prev, struct page_cgroup, lru);
> -		page = pc->page;
> -		if (!PageCgroupUsed(pc))
> +	loop = MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, lru);
> +	/* give some margin against EBUSY etc...*/
> +	loop += 256;
> +	busy = NULL;
> +	while (loop--) {
> +		ret = 0;
> +		spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +		if (list_empty(list)) {
> +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
>  			break;
> -		get_page(page);
> +		}
> +		pc = list_entry(list->prev, struct page_cgroup, lru);
> +		if (busy == pc) {
> +			list_move(&pc->lru, list);
> +			busy = 0;
> +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +			continue;
> +		}
>  		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> -		/*
> -		 * Check if this page is on LRU. !LRU page can be found
> -		 * if it's under page migration.
> -		 */
> -		if (PageLRU(page)) {
> -			__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page,
> -					MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_FORCE);
> -			put_page(page);
> -			if (--count <= 0) {
> -				count = FORCE_UNCHARGE_BATCH;
> -				cond_resched();
> -			}
> -		} else {
> -			spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +
> +		ret = mem_cgroup_move_parent(pc, mem, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE);
> +		if (ret == -ENOMEM)
>  			break;
> -		}
> -		spin_lock_irqsave(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +
> +		if (ret == -EBUSY || ret == -EINVAL) {
> +			/* found lock contention or "pc" is obsolete. */
> +			busy = pc;
> +			cond_resched();
> +		} else
> +			busy = NULL;
>  	}
> -	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mz->lru_lock, flags);
> +	if (!ret && !list_empty(list))
> +		return -EBUSY;
> +	return ret;
>  }
>  
>  /*
> @@ -946,34 +1064,68 @@ static void mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(
>   */
>  static int mem_cgroup_force_empty(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
>  {
> -	int ret = -EBUSY;
> -	int node, zid;
> +	int ret;
> +	int node, zid, shrink;
> +	int nr_retries = MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES;
>  
>  	css_get(&mem->css);
> -	/*
> -	 * page reclaim code (kswapd etc..) will move pages between
> -	 * active_list <-> inactive_list while we don't take a lock.
> -	 * So, we have to do loop here until all lists are empty.
> -	 */
> +
> +	shrink = 0;
> +move_account:
>  	while (mem->res.usage > 0) {
> +		ret = -EBUSY;
>  		if (atomic_read(&mem->css.cgroup->count) > 0)
>  			goto out;
> +
>  		/* This is for making all *used* pages to be on LRU. */
>  		lru_add_drain_all();
> -		for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE)
> -			for (zid = 0; zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) {
> +		ret = 0;
> +		for_each_node_state(node, N_POSSIBLE) {
> +			for (zid = 0; !ret && zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) {
>  				struct mem_cgroup_per_zone *mz;
>  				enum lru_list l;
>  				mz = mem_cgroup_zoneinfo(mem, node, zid);
> -				for_each_lru(l)
> -					mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(mem, mz, l);
> +				for_each_lru(l) {
> +					ret = mem_cgroup_force_empty_list(mem,
> +								  mz, l);
> +					if (ret)
> +						break;
> +				}
>  			}
> +			if (ret)
> +				break;
> +		}
> +		/* it seems parent cgroup doesn't have enough mem */
> +		if (ret == -ENOMEM)
> +			goto try_to_free;
>  		cond_resched();
>  	}
>  	ret = 0;
>  out:
>  	css_put(&mem->css);
>  	return ret;
> +
> +try_to_free:
> +	/* returns EBUSY if we come here twice. */
> +	if (shrink)  {
> +		ret = -EBUSY;
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +	/* try to free all pages in this cgroup */
> +	shrink = 1;
> +	while (nr_retries && mem->res.usage > 0) {
> +		int progress;
> +		progress = try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(mem,
> +						  GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE);
> +		if (!progress)
> +			nr_retries--;
> +
> +	}
> +	/* try move_account...there may be some *locked* pages. */
> +	if (mem->res.usage)
> +		goto move_account;
> +	ret = 0;
> +	goto out;
>  }
>  
>  static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont, struct cftype *cft)
> @@ -1022,11 +1174,6 @@ static int mem_cgroup_reset(struct cgrou
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static int mem_force_empty_write(struct cgroup *cont, unsigned int event)
> -{
> -	return mem_cgroup_force_empty(mem_cgroup_from_cont(cont));
> -}
> -
>  static const struct mem_cgroup_stat_desc {
>  	const char *msg;
>  	u64 unit;
> @@ -1103,10 +1250,6 @@ static struct cftype mem_cgroup_files[] 
>  		.read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read,
>  	},
>  	{
> -		.name = "force_empty",
> -		.trigger = mem_force_empty_write,
> -	},
> -	{
>  		.name = "stat",
>  		.read_map = mem_control_stat_show,
>  	},
> Index: mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+.orig/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt
> +++ mmotm-2.6.28-rc2+/Documentation/controllers/memory.txt
> @@ -207,12 +207,6 @@ exceeded.
>  The memory.stat file gives accounting information. Now, the number of
>  caches, RSS and Active pages/Inactive pages are shown.
>  
> -The memory.force_empty gives an interface to drop *all* charges by force.
> -
> -# echo 1 > memory.force_empty
> -
> -will drop all charges in cgroup. Currently, this is maintained for test.
> -
>  4. Testing
>  
>  Balbir posted lmbench, AIM9, LTP and vmmstress results [10] and [11].
> @@ -242,8 +236,10 @@ reclaimed.
>  
>  A cgroup can be removed by rmdir, but as discussed in sections 4.1 and 4.2, a
>  cgroup might have some charge associated with it, even though all
> -tasks have migrated away from it. Such charges are automatically dropped at
> -rmdir() if there are no tasks.
> +tasks have migrated away from it.
> +Such charges are moved to its parent as much as possible and freed if parent
> +is full.
> +If both of them are busy, rmdir() returns -EBUSY.
>  
>  5. TODO
>  
> 

  reply	other threads:[~2008-10-31 10:38 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2008-10-31  2:50 [RFC][PATCH 0/5] memcg : some patches related to swap KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  2:52 ` [RFC][PATCH 1/5] memcg : force_empty to do move account KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  9:25   ` Daisuke Nishimura [this message]
2008-11-04  6:15   ` Paul Menage
2008-11-04  6:17     ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-04  6:23       ` Paul Menage
2008-11-04  6:25         ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  2:54 ` [RFC][PATCH 2/5] memcg : handle swap cache KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-04  8:42   ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-11-04  9:04     ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-04 10:28       ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-11-05  0:07         ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-05  2:03           ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  2:55 ` [RFC][PATCH 3/5] memcg : mem+swap controller kconfig KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-04  8:54   ` Daisuke Nishimura
2008-11-04  9:13     ` KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  2:58 ` [RFC][PATCH 4/5] memcg : add swap_cgroup KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-10-31  2:59 ` [RFC][PATCH 5/5] memcg : mem+swap controller KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
2008-11-02  6:43 ` [RFC][PATCH 6/5] memcg : synchronous LRU KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki

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