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From: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
To: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>,
	Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>,
	Guilherme Cox <cox@computer.org>, Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com>,
	Xie XiuQi <xiexiuqi@huawei.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC][PATCH 06/17 v2] tracing: Add TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro to map enums to their values
Date: Thu, 2 Apr 2015 16:47:40 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20150402074740.GA23913@sejong> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20150402020940.953163951@goodmis.org>

Hi Steve,

On Wed, Apr 01, 2015 at 09:56:54PM -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> From: "Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> 
> Several tracepoints use the helper functions __print_symbolic() or
> __print_flags() and pass in enums that do the mapping between the
> binary data stored and the value to print. This works well for reading
> the ASCII trace files, but when the data is read via userspace tools
> such as perf and trace-cmd, the conversion of the binary value to a
> human string format is lost if an enum is used, as userspace does not
> have access to what the ENUM is.
> 
> For example, the tracepoint trace_tlb_flush() has:
> 
>  __print_symbolic(REC->reason,
>     { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, "flush on task switch" },
>     { TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, "remote shootdown" },
>     { TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, "local shootdown" },
>     { TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, "local mm shootdown" })
> 
> Which maps the enum values to the strings they represent. But perf and
> trace-cmd do no know what value TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN is, and would
> not be able to map it.
> 
> With TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(), developers can place these in the event header
> files and ftrace will convert the enums to their values:
> 
> By adding:
> 
>  TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH);
>  TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN);
>  TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN);
>  TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN);
> 
>  $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/tlb/tlb_flush/format
> [...]
>  __print_symbolic(REC->reason,
>     { 0, "flush on task switch" },
>     { 1, "remote shootdown" },
>     { 2, "local shootdown" },
>     { 3, "local mm shootdown" })
> 
> The above is what userspace expects to see, and tools do not need to
> be modified to parse them.
> 
> Cc: Guilherme Cox <cox@computer.org>
> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com>
> Cc: Xie XiuQi <xiexiuqi@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>


[SNIP]
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> index db54dda10ccc..6b7fd0bf5d28 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> @@ -1704,6 +1704,102 @@ __register_event(struct ftrace_event_call *call, struct module *mod)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static char *enum_replace(char *ptr, struct trace_enum_map *map, int len)
> +{
> +	int rlen;
> +	int elen;
> +
> +	/* Find the length of the enum value as a string */
> +	elen = snprintf(ptr, 0, "%ld", map->enum_value);
> +	/* Make sure there's enough room to replace the string with the value */
> +	if (len < elen)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	snprintf(ptr, elen + 1, "%ld", map->enum_value);
> +
> +	/* Get the rest of the string of ptr */
> +	rlen = strlen(ptr + len);
> +	memmove(ptr + elen, ptr + len, rlen);
> +	/* Make sure we end the new string */
> +	ptr[elen + rlen] = 0;
> +
> +	return ptr + elen;
> +}
> +
> +static void update_event_printk(struct ftrace_event_call *call,
> +				struct trace_enum_map *map)
> +{
> +	char *ptr;
> +	int quote = 0;
> +	int len = strlen(map->enum_string);
> +
> +	for (ptr = call->print_fmt; *ptr; ptr++) {
> +		if (*ptr == '\\') {
> +			ptr++;
> +			/* paranoid */
> +			if (!*ptr)
> +				break;
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +		if (*ptr == '"') {
> +			quote ^= 1;
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +		if (quote)
> +			continue;
> +		if (isdigit(*ptr)) {
> +			/* skip numbers */
> +			do {
> +				ptr++;
> +			} while (isalnum(*ptr) || *ptr == '_');
> +			/* we went one too many */

Hmm.. it looks like to skip variable name after a number.  Shouldn't it be 

			do { ptr++; } while (isdigit(*ptr));

?


> +			ptr--;
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +		if (isalpha(*ptr) || *ptr == '_') {
> +			if (strncmp(map->enum_string, ptr, len) == 0 &&
> +			    !isalnum(ptr[len]) && ptr[len] != '_') {
> +				ptr = enum_replace(ptr, map, len);
> +				/* Hmm, enum string smaller than value */
> +				if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ptr))
> +					return;
> +				continue;

I guess it also needs to decrease the ptr here.


> +			}
> +			do {
> +				ptr++;
> +			} while (isalnum(*ptr) || *ptr == '_');
> +			/* we went one too many */
> +			ptr--;
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +void trace_event_enum_update(struct trace_enum_map *map, int len)
> +{
> +	struct ftrace_event_call *call, *p;
> +	const char *last_system = NULL;
> +	int last_i;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	down_write(&trace_event_sem);
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(call, p, &ftrace_events, list) {
> +		/* events are usually grouped together with systems */
> +		if (!last_system || call->class->system != last_system)
> +			last_i = 0;

I think it needs to update the last_system here.

Thanks,
Namhyung


> +
> +		for (i = last_i; i < len; i++) {
> +			if (call->class->system == map[i].system) {
> +				/* Save the first system if need be */
> +				if (!last_i)
> +					last_i = i;
> +				update_event_printk(call, &map[i]);
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +	up_write(&trace_event_sem);
> +}
> +
>  static struct ftrace_event_file *
>  trace_create_new_event(struct ftrace_event_call *call,
>  		       struct trace_array *tr)
> -- 
> 2.1.4
> 
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/

  reply	other threads:[~2015-04-02  7:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2015-04-02  1:56 [RFC][PATCH 00/17 v2] tracing: Use TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() to show enum values Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 01/17 v2] tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to intel-sst Steven Rostedt
     [not found]   ` <CADRr18NOdH3rqLeK3aJBaQ5ZfQSPDYiLdkDNshzSvUwctR8EEQ@mail.gmail.com>
2015-04-02 13:32     ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 13:33       ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 13:40         ` Mark Brown
2015-04-02 13:49           ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 13:59             ` Mark Brown
2015-04-02 14:03               ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 14:28                 ` Mark Brown
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 02/17 v2] tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to kvm-s390 Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  9:15   ` Cornelia Huck
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 03/17 v2] tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to xhci-hcd Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 04/17 v2] tracing: Give system name a pointer Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 05/17 v2] tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentation Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 06/17 v2] tracing: Add TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro to map enums to their values Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  7:47   ` Namhyung Kim [this message]
2015-04-02 13:27     ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 13:57       ` [RFC][PATCH 06/17 v3] " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02 16:25         ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 07/17 v2] tracing: Allow for modules to export their trace enums as well Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 08/17 v2] tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 09/17 v2] tracing: Show the mapped enums in enum_map file Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  2:58   ` Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 10/17 v2] x86/tlb/trace: Export enums in used by tlb_flush tracepoint Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:56 ` [RFC][PATCH 11/17 v2] net/9p/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to userspace Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 12/17 v2] f2fs: Export the enums in the " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 13/17 v2] irq/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to user space Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 14/17 v2] mm: tracing: " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 15/17 v2] SUNRPC: " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 16/17 v2] v4l: Export enums used by " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-02  1:57 ` [RFC][PATCH 17/17 v2] writeback: Export enums used by tracepoint " Steven Rostedt
2015-04-07  0:44 ` [RFC][PATCH 00/17 v2] tracing: Use TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() to show enum values Masami Hiramatsu

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