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From: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
To: Don Zickus <dzickus@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>,
	linux-edac <linux-edac@vger.kernel.org>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>,
	Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>, Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>,
	Tomasz Nowicki <tomasz.nowicki@linaro.org>,
	"Chen, Gong" <gong.chen@linux.intel.com>,
	Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>, Lv Zheng <lv.zheng@intel.com>,
	Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>,
	linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 5/5] GHES: Make NMI handler have a single reader
Date: Tue, 28 Apr 2015 16:55:48 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20150428145548.GE19025@pd.tnic> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20150428143009.GA98296@redhat.com>

On Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 10:30:09AM -0400, Don Zickus wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 01, 2015 at 09:45:53AM +0200, Jiri Kosina wrote:
> > On Fri, 27 Mar 2015, Borislav Petkov wrote:
> > 
> > > From: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
> > > 
> > > Since GHES sources are global, we theoretically need only a single CPU
> > > reading them per NMI instead of a thundering herd of CPUs waiting on a
> > > spinlock in NMI context for no reason at all.
> > 
> > I originally wasn't 100% sure whether GHES sources are global (i.e. if it 
> > really doesn't matter which CPU is reading the registers), but looking at 
> > the code more it actually seems that this is really the right thing to do.
> > 
> > Rationale: ghes_ioremap_pfn_nmi() always ioremaps() (exclusively) the page 
> > with the registers, performs apei_read() (which is ghes-source specific, 
> > but not CPU-specific) and unmaps the page again.
> > 
> > There is nothing that would make this CPU-specific. Adding Huang Ying (the 
> > original author of the code) to confirm this. Huang?
> 
> Hi,
> 
> I believe the answer to this question is no, they are not global but
> instead external.  All external NMIs are routed to one cpu, normally cpu0.

Actually, the things we're talking about here are not global NMIs but
global error sources. I.e., the GHES sources which use an NMI to report
errors with and which we noodle over in ghes_notify_nmi() twice:

	list_for_each_entry_rcu(ghes, &ghes_nmi, list) {
		...

> This spinlock was made global to handle the 'someday' case of hotplugging
> the bsp cpu (cpu0).
> 
> The other external NMIs (IO_CHECK and SERR) suffer from the same spinlock
> problem.  I tried using an irq_workqueue to work around quirks there and
> PeterZ wasn't very fond of it (though he couldn't think of a better way to
> solve it).
> 
> This patch seems interesting but you might still run into the thundering
> herd problem with the global spinlock in
> arch/x86/kernel/nmi.c::default_do_nmi().  That functions grabs a global
> spinlock before processing the external NMI list (which GHES is a part of).

nmi_reason_lock? And our handler is registered with
register_nmi_handler() and so we iterate over it in nmi_handle(). It'd
be interesting to know what NMI reason we get for those GHES NMIs so
that we know whether nmi_handle() is called under the lock or not...

> So I am assuming this patch solves the 'thundering herd' problem by
> minimizing all the useless writes the spinlock would do for each cpu that
> noticed it had no work to do?

Not that spinlock. It used to take another one in ghes_notify_nmi().
Removing it solved the issue. There were even boxes which would do:

[   24.332560] INFO: NMI handler (ghes_notify_nmi) took too long to run: 3.265 msecs
[   24.332567] INFO: NMI handler (ghes_notify_nmi) took too long to run: 5.946 msecs
[   24.332568] INFO: NMI handler (ghes_notify_nmi) took too long to run: 5.948 msecs

just like that during boot.

It was basically a lot of purely useless lock grabbing for no reason
whatsoever.

Thanks.

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

ECO tip #101: Trim your mails when you reply.
--

  parent reply	other threads:[~2015-04-28 14:56 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2015-03-27  9:22 [RFC PATCH 0/5] GHES NMI handler cleanup Borislav Petkov
2015-03-27  9:22 ` [RFC PATCH 1/5] GHES: Carve out error queueing in a separate function Borislav Petkov
2015-03-27  9:22 ` [RFC PATCH 2/5] GHES: Carve out the panic functionality Borislav Petkov
2015-03-27  9:22 ` [RFC PATCH 3/5] GHES: Panic right after detection Borislav Petkov
2015-03-27  9:22 ` [RFC PATCH 4/5] GHES: Elliminate double-loop in the NMI handler Borislav Petkov
2015-03-27  9:22 ` [RFC PATCH 5/5] GHES: Make NMI handler have a single reader Borislav Petkov
2015-04-01  7:45   ` Jiri Kosina
2015-04-01 13:49     ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-23  8:39       ` Jiri Kosina
2015-04-23  8:59         ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-23 18:00           ` Luck, Tony
2015-04-27 20:23             ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-28 14:30     ` Don Zickus
2015-04-28 14:42       ` Don Zickus
2015-04-28 14:55       ` Borislav Petkov [this message]
2015-04-28 15:35         ` Don Zickus
2015-04-28 16:22           ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-28 18:44             ` Don Zickus
2015-05-04 15:40               ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-27  3:16   ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-27  8:46     ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-28  0:44       ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-28  2:24       ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-28  7:38         ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-28 13:38   ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-28 13:59     ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-29  0:24       ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-29  0:49       ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-29  8:13         ` Borislav Petkov
2015-04-30  8:05           ` Zheng, Lv
2015-04-30  8:48             ` Borislav Petkov
2015-05-02  0:34               ` Zheng, Lv

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