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From: Andrew Morton <>
To: Yang Shi <>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH] fs: introduce ST_HUGE flag and set it to tmpfs and hugetlbfs
Date: Tue, 17 Apr 2018 14:31:44 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Wed, 18 Apr 2018 05:08:13 +0800 Yang Shi <> wrote:

> Since tmpfs THP was supported in 4.8, hugetlbfs is not the only
> filesystem with huge page support anymore. tmpfs can use huge page via
> THP when mounting by "huge=" mount option.
> When applications use huge page on hugetlbfs, it just need check the
> filesystem magic number, but it is not enough for tmpfs. So, introduce
> ST_HUGE flag to statfs if super block has SB_HUGE set which indicates
> huge page is supported on the specific filesystem.
> Some applications could benefit from this change, for example QEMU.
> When use mmap file as guest VM backend memory, QEMU typically mmap the
> file size plus one extra page. If the file is on hugetlbfs the extra
> page is huge page size (i.e. 2MB), but it is still 4KB on tmpfs even
> though THP is enabled. tmpfs THP requires VMA is huge page aligned, so
> if 4KB page is used THP will not be used at all. The below /proc/meminfo
> fragment shows the THP use of QEMU with 4K page:
> ShmemHugePages:   679936 kB
> ShmemPmdMapped:        0 kB
> With ST_HUGE flag, QEMU can get huge page, then /proc/meminfo looks
> like:
> ShmemHugePages:    77824 kB
> ShmemPmdMapped:     6144 kB
> With this flag, the applications can know if huge page is supported on
> the filesystem then optimize the behavior of the applications
> accordingly. Although the similar function can be implemented in
> applications by traversing the mount options, it looks more convenient
> if kernel can provide such flag.
> Even though ST_HUGE is set, f_bsize still returns 4KB for tmpfs since
> THP could be split, and it also my fallback to 4KB page silently if
> there is not enough huge page.
> And, set the flag for hugetlbfs as well to keep the consistency, and the
> applications don't have to know what filesystem is used to use huge
> page, just need to check ST_HUGE flag.

Patch is simple enough, although I'm having trouble forming an opinion
about it ;)

It will call for an update to the statfs(2) manpage.  I'm not sure
which of, and is best for that, so I'd cc all three...

  reply	other threads:[~2018-04-17 21:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-04-17 21:08 Yang Shi
2018-04-17 21:31 ` Andrew Morton [this message]
2018-04-17 21:51   ` Yang Shi
2018-04-17 23:22 ` Matthew Wilcox
2018-04-17 23:37   ` Yang Shi
2018-04-18 10:27 ` Christoph Hellwig
2018-04-18 18:18   ` Yang Shi
2018-04-19  8:28     ` Christoph Hellwig
2018-04-19  9:05       ` Kirill A. Shutemov
2018-04-20  0:18       ` Yang Shi
2018-04-18 20:26 ` Mike Kravetz
2018-04-18 20:53   ` Yang Shi
2018-04-19  9:01   ` Kirill A. Shutemov

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