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From: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
To: changbin.du@intel.com
Cc: yamada.masahiro@socionext.com, michal.lkml@markovi.net,
	tglx@linutronix.de, mingo@redhat.com, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	rostedt@goodmis.org, rdunlap@infradead.org, x86@kernel.org,
	lgirdwood@gmail.com, broonie@kernel.org, arnd@arndb.de,
	linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 0/5] kernel hacking: GCC optimization for debug experience (-Og)
Date: Wed, 2 May 2018 15:56:31 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20180502145631.bzfqpw4izlrqhda6@holly.lan> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1525268700-10631-1-git-send-email-changbin.du@intel.com>

On Wed, May 02, 2018 at 09:44:55PM +0800, changbin.du@intel.com wrote:
> From: Changbin Du <changbin.du@intel.com>
> 
> Hi all,
> I know some kernel developers was searching for a method to dissable GCC
> optimizations, probably they want to apply GCC '-O0' option. But since Linux
> kernel replys on GCC optimization to remove some dead code, so '-O0' just
> breaks the build. They do need this because they want to debug kernel with
> qemu, simics, kgtp or kgdb.
> 
> Thanks for the GCC '-Og' optimization level introduced in GCC 4.8, which
> offers a reasonable level of optimization while maintaining fast compilation
> and a good debugging experience. It is similar to '-O1' while perfer keeping
> debug ability over runtime speed. With '-Og', we can build a kernel with
> better debug ability and little performance drop after some simple change.
> 
> In this series, firstly introduce a new config CONFIG_NO_AUTO_INLINE after two
> fixes for this new option. With this option, only functions explicitly marked
> with "inline" will  be inlined. This will allow the function tracer to trace
> more functions because it only traces functions that the compiler has not
> inlined.
> 
> Then introduce new config CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE which apply '-Og'
> optimization level for whole kernel, with a simple fix in fix_to_virt().
> Currently this option is only tested on a QEMU gust and it works fine.
> 
> 
> Comparison of vmlinux size: a bit smaller.
> 
>     w/o CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE
>     $ size vmlinux
>        text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
>     22665554   9709674  2920908 35296136        21a9388 vmlinux
> 
>     w/ CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE
>     $ size vmlinux
>        text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
>     21499032   10102758 2920908 34522698        20ec64a vmlinux
> 
> 
> Comparison of system performance: a bit drop (~6%).
>     This benchmark of kernel compilation is suggested by Ingo Molnar.
>     https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/5/2/74

In my mind was the opposite question. When running on the same kernel
does a kernel whose config contains CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE build faster
than one without (due to the disabled optimization passes).

To be honest this is more curiosity than a review comment though... if
you have the figures please share, if not then don't sweat it on my
account!


Daniel.



> 
>     Preparation: Set cpufreq to 'performance'.
>     for ((cpu=0; cpu<120; cpu++)); do
>       G=/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu$cpu/cpufreq/scaling_governor
>       [ -f $G ] && echo performance > $G
>     done
> 
>     w/o CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE
>     $ perf stat --repeat 5 --null --pre                 '\
>         cp -a kernel ../kernel.copy.$(date +%s);         \
>         rm -rf *;                                        \
>         git checkout .;                                  \
>         echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches;               \
>         find ../kernel* -type f | xargs cat >/dev/null;  \
>         make -j kernel >/dev/null;                       \
>         make clean >/dev/null 2>&1;                      \
>         sync                                            '\
>                                                          \
>         make -j8 >/dev/null
> 
>      Performance counter stats for 'make -j8' (5 runs):
> 
>         219.764246652 seconds time elapsed                   ( +-  0.78% )
> 
>     w/ CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE
>     $ perf stat --repeat 5 --null --pre                 '\
>         cp -a kernel ../kernel.copy.$(date +%s);         \
>         rm -rf *;                                        \
>         git checkout .;                                  \
>         echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches;               \
>         find ../kernel* -type f | xargs cat >/dev/null;  \
>         make -j kernel >/dev/null;                       \
>         make clean >/dev/null 2>&1;                      \
>         sync                                            '\
>                                                          \
>         make -j8 >/dev/null
> 
>     Performance counter stats for 'make -j8' (5 runs):
> 
>          233.574187771 seconds time elapsed                  ( +-  0.19% )
> 
> Changbin Du (5):
>   x86/mm: surround level4_kernel_pgt with #ifdef
>     CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL...#endif
>   regulator: add dummy function of_find_regulator_by_node
>   kernel hacking: new config NO_AUTO_INLINE to disable compiler
>     auto-inline optimizations
>   kernel hacking: new config DEBUG_EXPERIENCE to apply GCC -Og
>     optimization
>   asm-generic: fix build error in fix_to_virt with
>     CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE
> 
>  Makefile                          | 10 ++++++++++
>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h |  2 ++
>  arch/x86/kernel/head64.c          | 13 ++++++-------
>  drivers/regulator/internal.h      |  9 +++++++--
>  include/asm-generic/fixmap.h      |  3 ++-
>  include/linux/compiler-gcc.h      |  2 +-
>  include/linux/compiler.h          |  2 +-
>  lib/Kconfig.debug                 | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  8 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> 
> -- 
> 2.7.4
> 

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-05-02 14:56 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-02 13:44 changbin.du
2018-05-02 13:44 ` [PATCH v2 1/5] x86/mm: surround level4_kernel_pgt with #ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL...#endif changbin.du
2018-05-02 13:44 ` [PATCH v2 2/5] regulator: add dummy function of_find_regulator_by_node changbin.du
2018-05-02 13:44 ` [PATCH v2 3/5] kernel hacking: new config NO_AUTO_INLINE to disable compiler auto-inline optimizations changbin.du
2018-05-02 14:07   ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-02 20:27   ` Arnd Bergmann
2018-05-03 13:00     ` Du, Changbin
2018-05-03 14:16       ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-02 13:44 ` [PATCH v2 4/5] kernel hacking: new config DEBUG_EXPERIENCE to apply GCC -Og optimization changbin.du
2018-05-02 14:17   ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-02 20:45     ` Andrew Morton
2018-05-03  1:19       ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-03 13:45         ` Du, Changbin
2018-05-03 14:28           ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-05 23:57             ` Du, Changbin
2018-05-06  0:27               ` Randy Dunlap
2018-05-02 19:26   ` Randy Dunlap
2018-05-02 13:45 ` [PATCH v2 5/5] asm-generic: fix build error in fix_to_virt with CONFIG_DEBUG_EXPERIENCE changbin.du
2018-05-02 14:19   ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-03 13:25     ` Du, Changbin
2018-05-03 14:19       ` Steven Rostedt
2018-05-03 16:39         ` weylin
2018-05-02 14:56 ` Daniel Thompson [this message]
2018-05-03 13:49   ` [PATCH v2 0/5] kernel hacking: GCC optimization for debug experience (-Og) Du, Changbin

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