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From: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
To: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: catalin.marinas@arm.com, will.deacon@arm.com,
	dhowells@redhat.com, vgoyal@redhat.com,
	herbert@gondor.apana.org.au, davem@davemloft.net,
	dyoung@redhat.com, bhe@redhat.com, arnd@arndb.de,
	ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org, bhsharma@redhat.com,
	kexec@lists.infradead.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 05/11] arm64: kexec_file: load initrd and device-tree
Date: Fri, 18 May 2018 16:11:35 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20180518071133.GL2737@linaro.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <c10624c0-9962-af38-1dd5-656902180ace@arm.com>

James,

On Tue, May 15, 2018 at 05:20:00PM +0100, James Morse wrote:
> Hi Akashi,
> 
> On 25/04/18 07:26, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
> > load_other_segments() is expected to allocate and place all the necessary
> > memory segments other than kernel, including initrd and device-tree
> > blob (and elf core header for crash).
> > While most of the code was borrowed from kexec-tools' counterpart,
> > users may not be allowed to specify dtb explicitly, instead, the dtb
> > presented by a boot loader is reused.
> 
> (Nit: "a boot loader" -> "the original boot loader")

OK

> > arch_kimage_kernel_post_load_cleanup() is responsible for freeing arm64-
> > specific data allocated in load_other_segments().
> 
> 
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec_file.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec_file.c
> > index f9ebf54ca247..b3b9b1725d8a 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec_file.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec_file.c
> > @@ -13,7 +13,26 @@
> >  #include <linux/ioport.h>
> >  #include <linux/kernel.h>
> >  #include <linux/kexec.h>
> > +#include <linux/libfdt.h>
> >  #include <linux/memblock.h>
> > +#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
> > +#include <linux/types.h>
> > +#include <asm/byteorder.h>
> > +
> > +static int __dt_root_addr_cells;
> > +static int __dt_root_size_cells;
> 
> > @@ -55,3 +74,144 @@ int arch_kexec_walk_mem(struct kexec_buf *kbuf,
> >  
> >  	return ret;
> >  }
> > +
> > +static int setup_dtb(struct kimage *image,
> > +		unsigned long initrd_load_addr, unsigned long initrd_len,
> > +		char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len,
> > +		char **dtb_buf, size_t *dtb_buf_len)
> > +{
> > +	char *buf = NULL;
> > +	size_t buf_size;
> > +	int nodeoffset;
> > +	u64 value;
> > +	int range_len;
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	/* duplicate dt blob */
> > +	buf_size = fdt_totalsize(initial_boot_params);
> > +	range_len = (__dt_root_addr_cells + __dt_root_size_cells) * sizeof(u32);
> 
> These two cells values are 0 here. Did you want
> arch_kexec_file_init() in patch 7 in this patch?
> 
> Ah, range_len isn't used, so, did you want the cells values and this range_len
> thing in in patch 7!?

Umm, this problem has long existed since my v1 :)
I might better re-think about patch order.

> 
> > +
> > +	if (initrd_load_addr)
> > +		buf_size += fdt_prop_len("linux,initrd-start", sizeof(u64))
> > +				+ fdt_prop_len("linux,initrd-end", sizeof(u64));
> > +
> > +	if (cmdline)
> > +		buf_size += fdt_prop_len("bootargs", cmdline_len + 1);
> 
> I can't find where fdt_prop_len() .... oh, patch 7. fdt_prop_len() doesn't look
> like the sort of thing that should be created here, but I agree there isn't an
> existing API to do this.

Will take care of it.


> (This must be why powerpc guesses that the fdt won't be more than double in size).
> 
> 
> > +	buf = vmalloc(buf_size);
> > +	if (!buf) {
> > +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> > +		goto out_err;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	ret = fdt_open_into(initial_boot_params, buf, buf_size);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		goto out_err;
> > +
> > +	nodeoffset = fdt_path_offset(buf, "/chosen");
> > +	if (nodeoffset < 0)
> > +		goto out_err;
> > +
> > +	/* add bootargs */
> > +	if (cmdline) {
> > +		ret = fdt_setprop(buf, nodeoffset, "bootargs",
> > +						cmdline, cmdline_len + 1);
> 
> fdt_setprop_string()?

OK

> 
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto out_err;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	/* add initrd-* */
> > +	if (initrd_load_addr) {
> > +		value = cpu_to_fdt64(initrd_load_addr);
> > +		ret = fdt_setprop(buf, nodeoffset, "linux,initrd-start",
> > +				&value, sizeof(value));
> 
> sizeof(value) was assumed to be the same as sizeof(u64) earlier.
> fdt_setprop_u64()?

OK

> 
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto out_err;
> > +
> > +		value = cpu_to_fdt64(initrd_load_addr + initrd_len);
> > +		ret = fdt_setprop(buf, nodeoffset, "linux,initrd-end",
> > +				&value, sizeof(value));
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto out_err;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	/* trim a buffer */
> > +	fdt_pack(buf);
> > +	*dtb_buf = buf;
> > +	*dtb_buf_len = fdt_totalsize(buf);
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +
> > +out_err:
> > +	vfree(buf);
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> 
> While powerpc has some similar code for updating the initrd and cmdline, it
> makes different assumptions about the size of the dt, and has different behavior
> for memreserve. (looks like we don't expect the initramfs to be memreserved).
> Lets leave unifying that stuff where possible for the future.

Sure

> > +int load_other_segments(struct kimage *image,
> > +			char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len,
> > +			char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len)
> > +{
> > +	struct kexec_segment *kern_seg;
> > +	struct kexec_buf kbuf;
> > +	unsigned long initrd_load_addr = 0;
> > +	char *dtb = NULL;
> > +	unsigned long dtb_len = 0;
> > +	int ret = 0;
> > +
> > +	kern_seg = &image->segment[image->arch.kern_segment];
> > +	kbuf.image = image;
> > +	/* not allocate anything below the kernel */
> > +	kbuf.buf_min = kern_seg->mem + kern_seg->memsz;
> 
> > +	/* load initrd */
> > +	if (initrd) {
> > +		kbuf.buffer = initrd;
> > +		kbuf.bufsz = initrd_len;
> > +		kbuf.memsz = initrd_len;
> 
> > +		kbuf.buf_align = 0;
> 
> I'm surprised there initrd has no alignment requirement,

MeToo.

> but kexec_add_buffer()
> rounds this up to PAGE_SIZE.

It seems that kimage_load_segment() requires this, but I'm not sure.

> 
> > +		/* within 1GB-aligned window of up to 32GB in size */
> > +		kbuf.buf_max = round_down(kern_seg->mem, SZ_1G)
> > +						+ (unsigned long)SZ_1G * 32;
> > +		kbuf.top_down = false;
> > +
> > +		ret = kexec_add_buffer(&kbuf);
> > +		if (ret)
> > +			goto out_err;
> > +		initrd_load_addr = kbuf.mem;
> > +
> > +		pr_debug("Loaded initrd at 0x%lx bufsz=0x%lx memsz=0x%lx\n",
> > +				initrd_load_addr, initrd_len, initrd_len);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	/* load dtb blob */
> > +	ret = setup_dtb(image, initrd_load_addr, initrd_len,
> > +				cmdline, cmdline_len, &dtb, &dtb_len);
> > +	if (ret) {
> > +		pr_err("Preparing for new dtb failed\n");
> > +		goto out_err;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	kbuf.buffer = dtb;
> > +	kbuf.bufsz = dtb_len;
> > +	kbuf.memsz = dtb_len;
> > +	/* not across 2MB boundary */
> > +	kbuf.buf_align = SZ_2M;
> > +	kbuf.buf_max = ULONG_MAX;
> > +	kbuf.top_down = true;
> > +
> > +	ret = kexec_add_buffer(&kbuf);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		goto out_err;
> > +	image->arch.dtb_mem = kbuf.mem;
> > +	image->arch.dtb_buf = dtb;
> > +
> > +	pr_debug("Loaded dtb at 0x%lx bufsz=0x%lx memsz=0x%lx\n",
> > +			kbuf.mem, dtb_len, dtb_len);
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +
> > +out_err:
> > +	vfree(dtb);
> > +	image->arch.dtb_buf = NULL;
> 
> Won't kimage_file_post_load_cleanup() always be called if we return an error
> here? Why not leave the free()ing until then?

Right.
The reason why I left the code here was that we'd better locally clean up
all the stuff that were locally allocated if we trivially need to (and can)
do so.

As it's redundant, I will remove it.

Thanks,
-Takahiro AKASHI

> 
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> 
> 
> 
> Thanks,
> 
> James

  reply	other threads:[~2018-05-18  7:11 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 52+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-04-25  6:26 [PATCH v9 00/11] arm64: kexec: add kexec_file_load() support AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 01/11] asm-generic: add kexec_file_load system call to unistd.h AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 02/11] kexec_file: make kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default() global AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-28  9:45   ` Dave Young
2018-05-01 17:46   ` James Morse
2018-05-07  4:40     ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 03/11] arm64: kexec_file: invoke the kernel without purgatory AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-01 17:46   ` James Morse
2018-05-07  5:22     ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-11 17:03       ` James Morse
2018-05-15  4:45         ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 16:15           ` James Morse
2018-05-18  6:22             ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 04/11] arm64: kexec_file: allocate memory walking through memblock list AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-01 17:46   ` James Morse
2018-05-07  5:59     ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15  4:35       ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 16:17         ` James Morse
2018-05-17  2:10       ` Baoquan He
2018-05-17  2:15         ` Baoquan He
2018-05-17 18:04           ` James Morse
2018-05-18  1:37             ` Baoquan He
2018-05-18  5:07               ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 05/11] arm64: kexec_file: load initrd and device-tree AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 16:20   ` James Morse
2018-05-18  7:11     ` AKASHI Takahiro [this message]
2018-05-18  7:42       ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-18 15:59         ` James Morse
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 06/11] arm64: kexec_file: allow for loading Image-format kernel AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-01 17:46   ` James Morse
2018-05-07  7:21     ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-11 17:07       ` James Morse
2018-05-15  5:13         ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 17:14           ` James Morse
2018-05-21  9:32             ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 07/11] arm64: kexec_file: add crash dump support AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 17:11   ` James Morse
2018-05-16  8:34     ` James Morse
2018-05-18  9:58       ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-16 10:06     ` James Morse
2018-05-18  9:50       ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-18 10:39     ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-18 16:00       ` James Morse
2018-05-21  9:46         ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-15 17:12   ` James Morse
2018-05-18 15:35     ` Rob Herring
2018-05-21 10:14       ` AKASHI Takahiro
2018-05-24 14:25         ` Rob Herring
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 08/11] arm64: enable KEXEC_FILE config AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 09/11] include: pe.h: remove message[] from mz header definition AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 10/11] arm64: kexec_file: add kernel signature verification support AKASHI Takahiro
2018-04-25  6:26 ` [PATCH v9 11/11] arm64: kexec_file: add kaslr support AKASHI Takahiro

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