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From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
To: Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Cc: iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>,
	Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>,
	Raj Ashok <ashok.raj@intel.com>,
	Rafael Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org>,
	jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 13/23] iommu: introduce device fault report API
Date: Mon, 17 Sep 2018 09:57:58 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20180917095758.589d44ec@jacob-builder> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <aea7a57f-e3d8-ed87-22ac-941f50c8e2b5@redhat.com>

On Fri, 14 Sep 2018 15:24:41 +0200
Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com> wrote:

> Hi Jacob,
> 
> On 5/11/18 10:54 PM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> > Traditionally, device specific faults are detected and handled
> > within their own device drivers. When IOMMU is enabled, faults such
> > as DMA related transactions are detected by IOMMU. There is no
> > generic reporting mechanism to report faults back to the in-kernel
> > device driver or the guest OS in case of assigned devices.
> > 
> > Faults detected by IOMMU is based on the transaction's source ID
> > which can be reported at per device basis, regardless of the device
> > type is a PCI device or not.
> > 
> > The fault types include recoverable (e.g. page request) and
> > unrecoverable faults(e.g. access error). In most cases, faults can
> > be handled by IOMMU drivers internally. The primary use cases are as
> > follows:
> > 1. page request fault originated from an SVM capable device that is
> > assigned to guest via vIOMMU. In this case, the first level page
> > tables are owned by the guest. Page request must be propagated to
> > the guest to let guest OS fault in the pages then send page
> > response. In this mechanism, the direct receiver of IOMMU fault
> > notification is VFIO, which can relay notification events to QEMU
> > or other user space software.
> > 
> > 2. faults need more subtle handling by device drivers. Other than
> > simply invoke reset function, there are needs to let device driver
> > handle the fault with a smaller impact.
> > 
> > This patchset is intended to create a generic fault report API such
> > that it can scale as follows:
> > - all IOMMU types
> > - PCI and non-PCI devices
> > - recoverable and unrecoverable faults
> > - VFIO and other other in kernel users
> > - DMA & IRQ remapping (TBD)
> > The original idea was brought up by David Woodhouse and discussions
> > summarized at https://lwn.net/Articles/608914/.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 149
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > include/linux/iommu.h |  35 +++++++++++- 2 files changed, 181
> > insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > index 3a49b96..b3f9daf 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > @@ -609,6 +609,13 @@ int iommu_group_add_device(struct iommu_group
> > *group, struct device *dev) goto err_free_name;
> >  	}
> >  
> > +	dev->iommu_param = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev->iommu_param),
> > GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	if (!dev->iommu_param) {
> > +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> > +		goto err_free_name;
> > +	}
> > +	mutex_init(&dev->iommu_param->lock);
> > +
> >  	kobject_get(group->devices_kobj);
> >  
> >  	dev->iommu_group = group;
> > @@ -639,6 +646,7 @@ int iommu_group_add_device(struct iommu_group
> > *group, struct device *dev) mutex_unlock(&group->mutex);
> >  	dev->iommu_group = NULL;
> >  	kobject_put(group->devices_kobj);
> > +	kfree(dev->iommu_param);
> >  err_free_name:
> >  	kfree(device->name);
> >  err_remove_link:
> > @@ -685,7 +693,7 @@ void iommu_group_remove_device(struct device
> > *dev) sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "iommu_group");
> >  
> >  	trace_remove_device_from_group(group->id, dev);
> > -
> > +	kfree(dev->iommu_param);
> >  	kfree(device->name);
> >  	kfree(device);
> >  	dev->iommu_group = NULL;
> > @@ -820,6 +828,145 @@ int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct
> > iommu_group *group,
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_group_unregister_notifier); 
> >  /**
> > + * iommu_register_device_fault_handler() - Register a device fault
> > handler
> > + * @dev: the device
> > + * @handler: the fault handler
> > + * @data: private data passed as argument to the handler
> > + *
> > + * When an IOMMU fault event is received, call this handler with
> > the fault event
> > + * and data as argument. The handler should return 0 on success.
> > If the fault is
> > + * recoverable (IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ), the handler can also
> > complete
> > + * the fault by calling iommu_page_response() with one of the
> > following
> > + * response code:
> > + * - IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_SUCCESS: retry the translation
> > + * - IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_INVALID: terminate the fault
> > + * - IOMMU_PAGE_RESP_FAILURE: terminate the fault and stop
> > reporting
> > + *   page faults if possible.
> > + *
> > + * Return 0 if the fault handler was installed successfully, or an
> > error.
> > + */
> > +int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
> > +					iommu_dev_fault_handler_t
> > handler,
> > +					void *data)
> > +{
> > +	struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
> > +	int ret = 0;
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Device iommu_param should have been allocated when
> > device is
> > +	 * added to its iommu_group.
> > +	 */
> > +	if (!param)
> > +		return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
> > +	/* Only allow one fault handler registered for each device
> > */
> > +	if (param->fault_param) {
> > +		ret = -EBUSY;
> > +		goto done_unlock;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	get_device(dev);
> > +	param->fault_param =
> > +		kzalloc(sizeof(struct iommu_fault_param),
> > GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	if (!param->fault_param) {
> > +		put_device(dev);
> > +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> > +		goto done_unlock;
> > +	}
> > +	mutex_init(&param->fault_param->lock);
> > +	param->fault_param->handler = handler;
> > +	param->fault_param->data = data;
> > +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&param->fault_param->faults);
> > +
> > +done_unlock:
> > +	mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_register_device_fault_handler);
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler() - Unregister the device
> > fault handler
> > + * @dev: the device
> > + *
> > + * Remove the device fault handler installed with
> > + * iommu_register_device_fault_handler().
> > + *
> > + * Return 0 on success, or an error.
> > + */
> > +int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > +	struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
> > +	int ret = 0;
> > +
> > +	if (!param)
> > +		return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&param->lock);
> > +	/* we cannot unregister handler if there are pending
> > faults */
> > +	if (!list_empty(&param->fault_param->faults)) {
> > +		ret = -EBUSY;
> > +		goto unlock;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	kfree(param->fault_param);
> > +	param->fault_param = NULL;
> > +	put_device(dev);  
> don't you need to test if (param->fault_param) is set first. Otherwise
> you may end up with an unpaired put_device()?
You are right, thanks.

I am also working on allowing multiple registrations per handler. i.e.
device can register the same fault handler with different data. Then I
will add refcount. The motivation is that for PCIe device with
sub-device partitioned at PASID granularity, fault reporting needs to
be at PCI device + PASID level.
> 
>  [...]  
> s/needs/need
> 
taken, thanks
> Thanks
> 
> Eric
> > + * @lock: protect pending PRQ event list
> >   */
> >  struct iommu_fault_param {
> >  	iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler;
> > +	struct list_head faults;
> > +	struct mutex lock;
> >  	void *data;
> >  };
> >  
> > @@ -357,6 +362,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
> >   *	struct iommu_fwspec	*iommu_fwspec;
> >   */
> >  struct iommu_param {
> > +	struct mutex lock;
> >  	struct iommu_fault_param *fault_param;
> >  };
> >  
> > @@ -456,6 +462,14 @@ extern int
> > iommu_group_register_notifier(struct iommu_group *group, struct
> > notifier_block *nb); extern int
> > iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct iommu_group *group, struct
> > notifier_block *nb); +extern int
> > iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
> > +					iommu_dev_fault_handler_t
> > handler,
> > +					void *data);
> > +
> > +extern int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct device
> > *dev); +
> > +extern int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev, struct
> > iommu_fault_event *evt); +
> >  extern int iommu_group_id(struct iommu_group *group);
> >  extern struct iommu_group *iommu_group_get_for_dev(struct device
> > *dev); extern struct iommu_domain
> > *iommu_group_default_domain(struct iommu_group *); @@ -727,6
> > +741,23 @@ static inline int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct
> > iommu_group *group, return 0; }
> >  
> > +static inline int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct
> > device *dev,
> > +
> > iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler,
> > +						void *data)
> > +{
> > +	return -ENODEV;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct
> > device *dev) +{
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev,
> > struct iommu_fault_event *evt) +{
> > +	return -ENODEV;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static inline int iommu_group_id(struct iommu_group *group)
> >  {
> >  	return -ENODEV;
> >   

[Jacob Pan]

  reply	other threads:[~2018-09-17 16:56 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 81+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-11 20:53 [PATCH v5 00/23] IOMMU and VT-d driver support for Shared Virtual Address (SVA) Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 01/23] iommu: introduce bind_pasid_table API function Jacob Pan
2018-08-23 16:34   ` Auger Eric
2018-08-24 12:47     ` Liu, Yi L
2018-08-24 13:20       ` Auger Eric
2018-08-28 17:04         ` Jacob Pan
2018-08-24 15:00   ` Auger Eric
2018-08-28  5:14     ` Jacob Pan
2018-08-28  8:34       ` Auger Eric
2018-08-28 16:36         ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 02/23] iommu/vt-d: move device_domain_info to header Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 03/23] iommu/vt-d: add a flag for pasid table bound status Jacob Pan
2018-05-13  7:33   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 18:51     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-13  8:01   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 18:52     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 04/23] iommu/vt-d: add bind_pasid_table function Jacob Pan
2018-05-13  9:29   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:22     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 05/23] iommu: introduce iommu invalidate API function Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 06/23] iommu/vt-d: add definitions for PFSID Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  1:36   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:30     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:53 ` [PATCH v5 07/23] iommu/vt-d: fix dev iotlb pfsid use Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  1:52   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:38     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 08/23] iommu/vt-d: support flushing more translation cache types Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  2:18   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:46     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-17  8:44   ` kbuild test robot
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 09/23] iommu/vt-d: add svm/sva invalidate function Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  3:35   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:49     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 10/23] iommu: introduce device fault data Jacob Pan
2018-09-21 10:07   ` Auger Eric
2018-09-21 17:05     ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-26 10:20       ` Auger Eric
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 11/23] driver core: add per device iommu param Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  5:27   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:52     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 12/23] iommu: add a timeout parameter for prq response Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 13/23] iommu: introduce device fault report API Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  6:01   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-14 20:55     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-15  6:52       ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-17 11:41   ` Liu, Yi L
2018-05-17 15:59     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-17 23:22       ` Liu, Yi L
2018-05-21 23:03         ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-06  9:25   ` Auger Eric
2018-09-06 12:42     ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-06 13:14       ` Auger Eric
2018-09-06 17:06         ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-07  7:11           ` Auger Eric
2018-09-07 11:23             ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-14 13:24   ` Auger Eric
2018-09-17 16:57     ` Jacob Pan [this message]
2018-09-25 14:58   ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-09-25 22:17     ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-26 10:14       ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 14/23] iommu: introduce page response function Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  6:39   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-29 16:13     ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-10 14:52   ` Auger Eric
2018-09-10 17:50     ` Jacob Pan
2018-09-10 19:06       ` Auger Eric
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 15/23] iommu: handle page response timeout Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  7:43   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-29 16:20     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-30  7:46       ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 16/23] iommu/config: add build dependency for dmar Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 17/23] iommu/vt-d: report non-recoverable faults to device Jacob Pan
2018-05-14  8:17   ` Lu Baolu
2018-05-29 17:33     ` Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 18/23] iommu/intel-svm: report device page request Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 19/23] iommu/intel-svm: replace dev ops with fault report API Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 20/23] iommu/intel-svm: do not flush iotlb for viommu Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 21/23] iommu/vt-d: add intel iommu page response function Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 22/23] trace/iommu: add sva trace events Jacob Pan
2018-05-11 20:54 ` [PATCH v5 23/23] iommu: use sva invalidate and device fault trace event Jacob Pan
2018-05-29 15:54 ` [PATCH v5 00/23] IOMMU and VT-d driver support for Shared Virtual Address (SVA) Jacob Pan

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