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From: Nick Desaulniers <>
	Nick Desaulniers <>,
	Michal Marek <>,,
Subject: [PATCH] kbuild: add script check for cross compilation utilities
Date: Thu,  9 May 2019 13:19:21 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

When cross compiling via setting CROSS_COMPILE, if the prefixed tools
are not found, then the host utilities are often instead invoked, and
produce often difficult to understand errors.  This is most commonly the
case for developers new to cross compiling the kernel that have yet to
install the proper cross compilation toolchain. Rather than charge
headlong into a build that will fail obscurely, check that the tools
exist before starting to compile, and fail with a friendly error

$ ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- make CC=clang
/usr/bin/as: unrecognized option '-EL'
clang: error: assembler command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see
make[2]: *** [../scripts/ scripts/mod/empty.o] Error 1
make[2]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
make[1]: *** [/linux/Makefile:1118:
prepare0] Error 2
make: *** [Makefile:179: sub-make] Error 2

$ ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- make CC=clang
$CROSS_COMPILE set to arm-linux-gnueabihf-, but unable to find
Makefile:522: recipe for target 'outputmakefile' failed
make: *** [outputmakefile] Error 1

Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
Note: this is probably more generally useful, but after a few minutes
wrestling with Make errors related to "recipe commences before first
target" and "missing separator," I came to understand my hatred of GNU
Make. Open to sugguestions for where better to invoke this from the top
level Makefile.

 Makefile                      |  1 +
 scripts/ | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 19 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 scripts/

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index a61a95b6b38f..774339674b59 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -519,6 +519,7 @@ endif
 ifneq ($(shell $(CC) --version 2>&1 | head -n 1 | grep clang),)
 ifneq ($(CROSS_COMPILE),)
+	$(Q)$(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/
 CLANG_FLAGS	:= --target=$(notdir $(CROSS_COMPILE:%-=%))
 GCC_TOOLCHAIN_DIR := $(dir $(shell which $(CROSS_COMPILE)elfedit))
diff --git a/scripts/ b/scripts/
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..f4586fbfee18
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# (c) 2019, Nick Desaulniers <>
+function check () {
+  # Remove trailing commands, for example arch/arm/Makefile may add `-EL`.
+  utility=$(echo ${1} | awk '{print $1;}')
+  command -v "${utility}" &> /dev/null
+  if [[ $? != 0 ]]; then
+    echo "\$CROSS_COMPILE set to ${CROSS_COMPILE}," \
+      "but unable to find ${utility}."
+    exit 1
+  fi
+utilities=("${AS}" "${LD}" "${CC}" "${AR}" "${NM}" "${STRIP}" "${OBJCOPY}"
+  "${OBJDUMP}")
+for utility in "${utilities[@]}"; do
+  check "${utility}"

             reply	other threads:[~2019-05-09 20:19 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-09 20:19 Nick Desaulniers [this message]
2019-05-11  2:24 ` Nathan Chancellor
2019-05-12  3:04   ` Masahiro Yamada
2019-05-13 18:04     ` Nick Desaulniers
2019-05-12  2:21 ` Masahiro Yamada

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