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* [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
                   ` (13 more replies)
  0 siblings, 14 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: David Hildenbrand, Jane Chu, Michael Ellerman, Pavel Tatashin,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Robin Murphy, Anshuman Khandual,
	Logan Gunthorpe, Paul Mackerras, Toshi Kani, Oscar Salvador,
	Jeff Moyer, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, stable,
	Jérôme Glisse, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel,
	osalvador, mhocko

Changes since v7 [1]:

- Make subsection helpers pfn based rather than physical-address based
  (Oscar and Pavel)

- Make subsection bitmap definition scalable for different section and
  sub-section sizes across architectures. As a result:

      unsigned long map_active

  ...is converted to:

      DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)

  ...and the helpers are renamed with a 'subsection' prefix. (Pavel)

- New in this version is a touch of arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
  in "[PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage"
  to define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT.

- Drop "mm/sparsemem: Introduce common definitions for the size and mask
  of a section" in favor of Robin's "mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate
  SECTION_SIZE" (Pavel)

- Collect some more Reviewed-by tags. Patches that still lack review
  tags: 1, 3, 9 - 12

[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155677652226.2336373.8700273400832001094.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com/

---
[merge logistics]

Hi Andrew,

These are too late for v5.2, I'm posting this v8 during the merge window
to maintain the review momentum. 

---
[cover letter]

The memory hotplug section is an arbitrary / convenient unit for memory
hotplug. 'Section-size' units have bled into the user interface
('memblock' sysfs) and can not be changed without breaking existing
userspace. The section-size constraint, while mostly benign for typical
memory hotplug, has and continues to wreak havoc with 'device-memory'
use cases, persistent memory (pmem) in particular. Recall that pmem uses
devm_memremap_pages(), and subsequently arch_add_memory(), to allocate a
'struct page' memmap for pmem. However, it does not use the 'bottom
half' of memory hotplug, i.e. never marks pmem pages online and never
exposes the userspace memblock interface for pmem. This leaves an
opening to redress the section-size constraint.

To date, the libnvdimm subsystem has attempted to inject padding to
satisfy the internal constraints of arch_add_memory(). Beyond
complicating the code, leading to bugs [2], wasting memory, and limiting
configuration flexibility, the padding hack is broken when the platform
changes this physical memory alignment of pmem from one boot to the
next. Device failure (intermittent or permanent) and physical
reconfiguration are events that can cause the platform firmware to
change the physical placement of pmem on a subsequent boot, and device
failure is an everyday event in a data-center.

It turns out that sections are only a hard requirement of the
user-facing interface for memory hotplug and with a bit more
infrastructure sub-section arch_add_memory() support can be added for
kernel internal usages like devm_memremap_pages(). Here is an analysis
of the current design assumptions in the current code and how they are
addressed in the new implementation:

Current design assumptions:

- Sections that describe boot memory (early sections) are never
  unplugged / removed.

- pfn_valid(), in the CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y, case devolves to a
  valid_section() check

- __add_pages() and helper routines assume all operations occur in
  PAGES_PER_SECTION units.

- The memblock sysfs interface only comprehends full sections

New design assumptions:

- Sections are instrumented with a sub-section bitmask to track (on x86)
  individual 2MB sub-divisions of a 128MB section.

- Partially populated early sections can be extended with additional
  sub-sections, and those sub-sections can be removed with
  arch_remove_memory(). With this in place we no longer lose usable memory
  capacity to padding.

- pfn_valid() is updated to look deeper than valid_section() to also check the
  active-sub-section mask. This indication is in the same cacheline as
  the valid_section() so the performance impact is expected to be
  negligible. So far the lkp robot has not reported any regressions.

- Outside of the core vmemmap population routines which are replaced,
  other helper routines like shrink_{zone,pgdat}_span() are updated to
  handle the smaller granularity. Core memory hotplug routines that deal
  with online memory are not touched.

- The existing memblock sysfs user api guarantees / assumptions are
  not touched since this capability is limited to !online
  !memblock-sysfs-accessible sections.

Meanwhile the issue reports continue to roll in from users that do not
understand when and how the 128MB constraint will bite them. The current
implementation relied on being able to support at least one misaligned
namespace, but that immediately falls over on any moderately complex
namespace creation attempt. Beyond the initial problem of 'System RAM'
colliding with pmem, and the unsolvable problem of physical alignment
changes, Linux is now being exposed to platforms that collide pmem
ranges with other pmem ranges by default [3]. In short,
devm_memremap_pages() has pushed the venerable section-size constraint
past the breaking point, and the simplicity of section-aligned
arch_add_memory() is no longer tenable.

These patches are exposed to the kbuild robot on my libnvdimm-pending
branch [4], and a preview of the unit test for this functionality is
available on the 'subsection-pending' branch of ndctl [5].

[2]: https://lore.kernel.org/r/155000671719.348031.2347363160141119237.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
[3]: https://github.com/pmem/ndctl/issues/76
[4]: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/djbw/nvdimm.git/log/?h=libnvdimm-pending
[5]: https://github.com/pmem/ndctl/commit/7c59b4867e1c

---

Dan Williams (11):
      mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
      mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
      mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone,pgdat}_span for sub-section removal
      mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap()
      mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages()
      mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper
      mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges
      mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
      mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap
      libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields
      libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment

Robin Murphy (1):
      mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE


 arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h |    3 
 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |    4 
 drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c            |    2 
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h                 |   15 -
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c            |   95 +++------
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h       |    7 -
 include/linux/mm.h                   |    4 
 include/linux/mmzone.h               |   93 +++++++--
 kernel/memremap.c                    |   63 ++----
 mm/hmm.c                             |    2 
 mm/memory_hotplug.c                  |  172 +++++++++-------
 mm/page_alloc.c                      |    8 -
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c                  |   21 +-
 mm/sparse.c                          |  369 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 14 files changed, 511 insertions(+), 347 deletions(-)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-10 13:30   ` osalvador
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 02/12] mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE Dan Williams
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Paul Mackerras,
	Michael Ellerman, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel,
	osalvador, mhocko

Towards enabling memory hotplug to track partial population of a
section, introduce 'struct mem_section_usage'.

A pointer to a 'struct mem_section_usage' instance replaces the existing
pointer to a 'pageblock_flags' bitmap. Effectively it adds one more
'unsigned long' beyond the 'pageblock_flags' (usemap) allocation to
house a new 'subsection_map' bitmap.  The new bitmap enables the memory
hot{plug,remove} implementation to act on incremental sub-divisions of a
section.

The default SUBSECTION_SHIFT is chosen to keep the 'subsection_map' no
larger than a single 'unsigned long' on the major architectures.
Alternatively an architecture can define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to
override the default PMD_SHIFT. Note that PowerPC needs to use
ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to workaround PMD_SHIFT being a non-constant
expression on PowerPC.

The primary motivation for this functionality is to support platforms
that mix "System RAM" and "Persistent Memory" within a single section,
or multiple PMEM ranges with different mapping lifetimes within a single
section. The section restriction for hotplug has caused an ongoing saga
of hacks and bugs for devm_memremap_pages() users.

Beyond the fixups to teach existing paths how to retrieve the 'usemap'
from a section, and updates to usemap allocation path, there are no
expected behavior changes.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h |    3 +
 include/linux/mmzone.h               |   48 +++++++++++++++++++-
 mm/memory_hotplug.c                  |   18 ++++----
 mm/page_alloc.c                      |    2 -
 mm/sparse.c                          |   81 +++++++++++++++++-----------------
 5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
index 3192d454a733..1aa3c9303bf8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
@@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
  */
 #define SECTION_SIZE_BITS       24
 
+/* Reflect the largest possible PMD-size as the subsection-size constant */
+#define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT 24
+
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 70394cabaf4e..ef8d878079f9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -1160,6 +1160,44 @@ static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
 #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn)	(((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
 #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn)	((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
 
+/*
+ * SUBSECTION_SHIFT must be constant since it is used to declare
+ * subsection_map and related bitmaps without triggering the generation
+ * of variable-length arrays. The most natural size for a subsection is
+ * a PMD-page. For architectures that do not have a constant PMD-size
+ * ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT can be set to a constant max size, or otherwise
+ * fallback to 2MB.
+ */
+#if defined(ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
+#elif defined(PMD_SHIFT)
+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (PMD_SHIFT)
+#else
+/*
+ * Memory hotplug enabled platforms avoid this default because they
+ * either define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT, or PMD_SHIFT is a constant, but
+ * this is kept as a backstop to allow compilation on
+ * !ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTPLUG archs.
+ */
+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
+#endif
+
+#define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
+#define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
+#define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK ((~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)))
+
+#if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
+#error Subsection size exceeds section size
+#else
+#define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
+#endif
+
+struct mem_section_usage {
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+	/* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */
+	unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
+};
+
 struct page;
 struct page_ext;
 struct mem_section {
@@ -1177,8 +1215,7 @@ struct mem_section {
 	 */
 	unsigned long section_mem_map;
 
-	/* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */
-	unsigned long *pageblock_flags;
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION
 	/*
 	 * If SPARSEMEM, pgdat doesn't have page_ext pointer. We use
@@ -1209,6 +1246,11 @@ extern struct mem_section **mem_section;
 extern struct mem_section mem_section[NR_SECTION_ROOTS][SECTIONS_PER_ROOT];
 #endif
 
+static inline unsigned long *section_to_usemap(struct mem_section *ms)
+{
+	return ms->usage->pageblock_flags;
+}
+
 static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME
@@ -1220,7 +1262,7 @@ static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr)
 	return &mem_section[SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr)][nr & SECTION_ROOT_MASK];
 }
 extern int __section_nr(struct mem_section* ms);
-extern unsigned long usemap_size(void);
+extern size_t mem_section_usage_size(void);
 
 /*
  * We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 328878b6799d..a76fc6a6e9fe 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -165,9 +165,10 @@ void put_page_bootmem(struct page *page)
 #ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
 static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
 {
-	unsigned long *usemap, mapsize, section_nr, i;
+	unsigned long mapsize, section_nr, i;
 	struct mem_section *ms;
 	struct page *page, *memmap;
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 
 	section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
 	ms = __nr_to_section(section_nr);
@@ -187,10 +188,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
 	for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
 		get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, SECTION_INFO);
 
-	usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
-	page = virt_to_page(usemap);
+	usage = ms->usage;
+	page = virt_to_page(usage);
 
-	mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(usemap_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(mem_section_usage_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
 		get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, MIX_SECTION_INFO);
@@ -199,9 +200,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
 #else /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
 static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
 {
-	unsigned long *usemap, mapsize, section_nr, i;
+	unsigned long mapsize, section_nr, i;
 	struct mem_section *ms;
 	struct page *page, *memmap;
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 
 	section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
 	ms = __nr_to_section(section_nr);
@@ -210,10 +212,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
 
 	register_page_bootmem_memmap(section_nr, memmap, PAGES_PER_SECTION);
 
-	usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
-	page = virt_to_page(usemap);
+	usage = ms->usage;
+	page = virt_to_page(usage);
 
-	mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(usemap_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(mem_section_usage_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
 		get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, MIX_SECTION_INFO);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 1f99db76b1ff..61c2b54a5b61 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -403,7 +403,7 @@ static inline unsigned long *get_pageblock_bitmap(struct page *page,
 							unsigned long pfn)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
-	return __pfn_to_section(pfn)->pageblock_flags;
+	return section_to_usemap(__pfn_to_section(pfn));
 #else
 	return page_zone(page)->pageblock_flags;
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index fd13166949b5..f87de7ad32c8 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -288,33 +288,31 @@ struct page *sparse_decode_mem_map(unsigned long coded_mem_map, unsigned long pn
 
 static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
-		unsigned long *pageblock_bitmap)
+		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
 {
 	ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
 	ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
 							SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
- 	ms->pageblock_flags = pageblock_bitmap;
+	ms->usage = usage;
 }
 
-unsigned long usemap_size(void)
+static unsigned long usemap_size(void)
 {
 	return BITS_TO_LONGS(SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS) * sizeof(unsigned long);
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
-static unsigned long *__kmalloc_section_usemap(void)
+size_t mem_section_usage_size(void)
 {
-	return kmalloc(usemap_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
+	return sizeof(struct mem_section_usage) + usemap_size();
 }
-#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
-static unsigned long * __init
+static struct mem_section_usage * __init
 sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 					 unsigned long size)
 {
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 	unsigned long goal, limit;
-	unsigned long *p;
 	int nid;
 	/*
 	 * A page may contain usemaps for other sections preventing the
@@ -330,15 +328,16 @@ sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 	limit = goal + (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT);
 	nid = early_pfn_to_nid(goal >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 again:
-	p = memblock_alloc_try_nid(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, goal, limit, nid);
-	if (!p && limit) {
+	usage = memblock_alloc_try_nid(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, goal, limit, nid);
+	if (!usage && limit) {
 		limit = 0;
 		goto again;
 	}
-	return p;
+	return usage;
 }
 
-static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
+static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid,
+		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
 {
 	unsigned long usemap_snr, pgdat_snr;
 	static unsigned long old_usemap_snr;
@@ -352,7 +351,7 @@ static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
 		old_pgdat_snr = NR_MEM_SECTIONS;
 	}
 
-	usemap_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(usemap) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+	usemap_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(usage) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 	pgdat_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(pgdat) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 	if (usemap_snr == pgdat_snr)
 		return;
@@ -380,14 +379,15 @@ static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
 		usemap_snr, pgdat_snr, nid);
 }
 #else
-static unsigned long * __init
+static struct mem_section_usage * __init
 sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 					 unsigned long size)
 {
 	return memblock_alloc_node(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, pgdat->node_id);
 }
 
-static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
+static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid,
+		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
 {
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
@@ -474,14 +474,13 @@ static void __init sparse_init_nid(int nid, unsigned long pnum_begin,
 				   unsigned long pnum_end,
 				   unsigned long map_count)
 {
-	unsigned long pnum, usemap_longs, *usemap;
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
+	unsigned long pnum;
 	struct page *map;
 
-	usemap_longs = BITS_TO_LONGS(SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS);
-	usemap = sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(NODE_DATA(nid),
-							  usemap_size() *
-							  map_count);
-	if (!usemap) {
+	usage = sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(NODE_DATA(nid),
+			mem_section_usage_size() * map_count);
+	if (!usage) {
 		pr_err("%s: node[%d] usemap allocation failed", __func__, nid);
 		goto failed;
 	}
@@ -497,9 +496,9 @@ static void __init sparse_init_nid(int nid, unsigned long pnum_begin,
 			pnum_begin = pnum;
 			goto failed;
 		}
-		check_usemap_section_nr(nid, usemap);
-		sparse_init_one_section(__nr_to_section(pnum), pnum, map, usemap);
-		usemap += usemap_longs;
+		check_usemap_section_nr(nid, usage);
+		sparse_init_one_section(__nr_to_section(pnum), pnum, map, usage);
+		usage = (void *) usage + mem_section_usage_size();
 	}
 	sparse_buffer_fini();
 	return;
@@ -701,9 +700,9 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 				     struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 	struct mem_section *ms;
 	struct page *memmap;
-	unsigned long *usemap;
 	int ret;
 
 	/*
@@ -717,8 +716,8 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	memmap = kmalloc_section_memmap(section_nr, nid, altmap);
 	if (!memmap)
 		return -ENOMEM;
-	usemap = __kmalloc_section_usemap();
-	if (!usemap) {
+	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!usage) {
 		__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
@@ -736,11 +735,11 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
 
 	section_mark_present(ms);
-	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usemap);
+	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
 
 out:
 	if (ret < 0) {
-		kfree(usemap);
+		kfree(usage);
 		__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
 	}
 	return ret;
@@ -777,20 +776,20 @@ static inline void clear_hwpoisoned_pages(struct page *memmap, int nr_pages)
 }
 #endif
 
-static void free_section_usemap(struct page *memmap, unsigned long *usemap,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
+		struct mem_section_usage *usage, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	struct page *usemap_page;
+	struct page *usage_page;
 
-	if (!usemap)
+	if (!usage)
 		return;
 
-	usemap_page = virt_to_page(usemap);
+	usage_page = virt_to_page(usage);
 	/*
 	 * Check to see if allocation came from hot-plug-add
 	 */
-	if (PageSlab(usemap_page) || PageCompound(usemap_page)) {
-		kfree(usemap);
+	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page)) {
+		kfree(usage);
 		if (memmap)
 			__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
 		return;
@@ -809,19 +808,19 @@ void sparse_remove_one_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long map_offset, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	struct page *memmap = NULL;
-	unsigned long *usemap = NULL;
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
 
 	if (ms->section_mem_map) {
-		usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
+		usage = ms->usage;
 		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map,
 						__section_nr(ms));
 		ms->section_mem_map = 0;
-		ms->pageblock_flags = NULL;
+		ms->usage = NULL;
 	}
 
 	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(memmap + map_offset,
 			PAGES_PER_SECTION - map_offset);
-	free_section_usemap(memmap, usemap, altmap);
+	free_section_usage(memmap, usage, altmap);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 02/12] mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot Dan Williams
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, David Hildenbrand, Oscar Salvador, Pavel Tatashin,
	Robin Murphy, Anshuman Khandual, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm,
	linux-kernel, osalvador, mhocko

From: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>

Trying to activate ZONE_DEVICE for arm64 reveals that memremap's
internal helpers for sparsemem sections conflict with and arm64's
definitions for hugepages, which inherit the name of "sections" from
earlier versions of the ARM architecture.

Disambiguate memremap (and now HMM too) by propagating sparsemem's PA_
prefix, to clarify that these values are in terms of addresses rather
than PFNs (and because it's a heck of a lot easier than changing all the
arch code). SECTION_MASK is unused, so it can just go.

[anshuman: Consolidated mm/hmm.c instance and updated the commit message]

Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 include/linux/mmzone.h |    1 +
 kernel/memremap.c      |   10 ++++------
 mm/hmm.c               |    2 --
 3 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index ef8d878079f9..ac163f2f274f 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -1134,6 +1134,7 @@ static inline unsigned long early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned long pfn)
  * PFN_SECTION_SHIFT		pfn to/from section number
  */
 #define PA_SECTION_SHIFT	(SECTION_SIZE_BITS)
+#define PA_SECTION_SIZE		(1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
 #define PFN_SECTION_SHIFT	(SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT)
 
 #define NR_MEM_SECTIONS		(1UL << SECTIONS_SHIFT)
diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
index 4e59d29245f4..f355586ea54a 100644
--- a/kernel/memremap.c
+++ b/kernel/memremap.c
@@ -14,8 +14,6 @@
 #include <linux/hmm.h>
 
 static DEFINE_XARRAY(pgmap_array);
-#define SECTION_MASK ~((1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT) - 1)
-#define SECTION_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
 
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE)
 vm_fault_t device_private_entry_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
@@ -98,8 +96,8 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
 		put_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
 
 	/* pages are dead and unused, undo the arch mapping */
-	align_start = res->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
-	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), SECTION_SIZE)
+	align_start = res->start & ~(PA_SECTION_SIZE - 1);
+	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), PA_SECTION_SIZE)
 		- align_start;
 
 	nid = page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT));
@@ -160,8 +158,8 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	if (!pgmap->ref || !pgmap->kill)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 
-	align_start = res->start & ~(SECTION_SIZE - 1);
-	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), SECTION_SIZE)
+	align_start = res->start & ~(PA_SECTION_SIZE - 1);
+	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), PA_SECTION_SIZE)
 		- align_start;
 	align_end = align_start + align_size - 1;
 
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index 0db8491090b8..a7e7f8e33c5f 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -34,8 +34,6 @@
 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
 #include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
 
-#define PA_SECTION_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
-
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR)
 static const struct mmu_notifier_ops hmm_mmu_notifier_ops;
 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 02/12] mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-10 12:56   ` osalvador
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 04/12] mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone, pgdat}_span for sub-section removal Dan Williams
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, Jane Chu, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel,
	osalvador, mhocko

Prepare for hot{plug,remove} of sub-ranges of a section by tracking a
sub-section active bitmask, each bit representing a PMD_SIZE span of the
architecture's memory hotplug section size.

The implications of a partially populated section is that pfn_valid()
needs to go beyond a valid_section() check and read the sub-section
active ranges from the bitmask. The expectation is that the bitmask
(subsection_map) fits in the same cacheline as the valid_section() data,
so the incremental performance overhead to pfn_valid() should be
negligible.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Tested-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 include/linux/mmzone.h |   29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 mm/page_alloc.c        |    4 +++-
 mm/sparse.c            |   29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index ac163f2f274f..6dd52d544857 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -1199,6 +1199,8 @@ struct mem_section_usage {
 	unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
 };
 
+void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
+
 struct page;
 struct page_ext;
 struct mem_section {
@@ -1336,12 +1338,36 @@ static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn)
 
 extern int __highest_present_section_nr;
 
+static inline int subsection_map_index(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return (pfn & ~(PAGE_SECTION_MASK)) / PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
+
+	return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map);
+}
+#else
+static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	return 1;
+}
+#endif
+
 #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID
 static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
 {
+	struct mem_section *ms;
+
 	if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS)
 		return 0;
-	return valid_section(__nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)));
+	ms = __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));
+	if (!valid_section(ms))
+		return 0;
+	return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
 }
 #endif
 
@@ -1373,6 +1399,7 @@ void sparse_init(void);
 #define sparse_init()	do {} while (0)
 #define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid)  do {} while (0)
 #define pfn_present pfn_valid
+#define subsection_map_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0)
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
 
 /*
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 61c2b54a5b61..13816c5a51eb 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -7291,10 +7291,12 @@ void __init free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn)
 
 	/* Print out the early node map */
 	pr_info("Early memory node ranges\n");
-	for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid)
+	for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid) {
 		pr_info("  node %3d: [mem %#018Lx-%#018Lx]\n", nid,
 			(u64)start_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
 			((u64)end_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
+		subsection_map_init(start_pfn, end_pfn - start_pfn);
+	}
 
 	/* Initialise every node */
 	mminit_verify_pageflags_layout();
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index f87de7ad32c8..ac47a48050c7 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -210,6 +210,35 @@ static inline unsigned long first_present_section_nr(void)
 	return next_present_section_nr(-1);
 }
 
+void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
+{
+	int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
+	int i, start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+
+	if (!nr_pages)
+		return;
+
+	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
+		int idx, end;
+		unsigned long pfns;
+		struct mem_section *ms;
+
+		idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
+		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
+				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
+		end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);
+
+		ms = __nr_to_section(i);
+		bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);
+
+		pr_debug("%s: sec: %d pfns: %ld set(%d, %d)\n", __func__, i,
+				pfns, idx, end - idx + 1);
+
+		pfn += pfns;
+		nr_pages -= pfns;
+	}
+}
+
 /* Record a memory area against a node. */
 void __init memory_present(int nid, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 04/12] mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone, pgdat}_span for sub-section removal
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 05/12] mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap() Dan Williams
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Pavel Tatashin,
	Oscar Salvador, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

Sub-section hotplug support reduces the unit of operation of hotplug
from section-sized-units (PAGES_PER_SECTION) to sub-section-sized units
(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION). Teach shrink_{zone,pgdat}_span() to consider
PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION boundaries as the points where pfn_valid(), not
valid_section(), can toggle.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 mm/memory_hotplug.c |   29 ++++++++---------------------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index a76fc6a6e9fe..393ab2b9c3f7 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -325,12 +325,8 @@ static unsigned long find_smallest_section_pfn(int nid, struct zone *zone,
 				     unsigned long start_pfn,
 				     unsigned long end_pfn)
 {
-	struct mem_section *ms;
-
-	for (; start_pfn < end_pfn; start_pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
-		ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
-
-		if (unlikely(!valid_section(ms)))
+	for (; start_pfn < end_pfn; start_pfn += PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) {
+		if (unlikely(!pfn_valid(start_pfn)))
 			continue;
 
 		if (unlikely(pfn_to_nid(start_pfn) != nid))
@@ -350,15 +346,12 @@ static unsigned long find_biggest_section_pfn(int nid, struct zone *zone,
 				    unsigned long start_pfn,
 				    unsigned long end_pfn)
 {
-	struct mem_section *ms;
 	unsigned long pfn;
 
 	/* pfn is the end pfn of a memory section. */
 	pfn = end_pfn - 1;
-	for (; pfn >= start_pfn; pfn -= PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
-		ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
-
-		if (unlikely(!valid_section(ms)))
+	for (; pfn >= start_pfn; pfn -= PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) {
+		if (unlikely(!pfn_valid(pfn)))
 			continue;
 
 		if (unlikely(pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid))
@@ -380,7 +373,6 @@ static void shrink_zone_span(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	unsigned long z = zone_end_pfn(zone); /* zone_end_pfn namespace clash */
 	unsigned long zone_end_pfn = z;
 	unsigned long pfn;
-	struct mem_section *ms;
 	int nid = zone_to_nid(zone);
 
 	zone_span_writelock(zone);
@@ -417,10 +409,8 @@ static void shrink_zone_span(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	 * it check the zone has only hole or not.
 	 */
 	pfn = zone_start_pfn;
-	for (; pfn < zone_end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
-		ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
-
-		if (unlikely(!valid_section(ms)))
+	for (; pfn < zone_end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) {
+		if (unlikely(!pfn_valid(pfn)))
 			continue;
 
 		if (page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn)) != zone)
@@ -448,7 +438,6 @@ static void shrink_pgdat_span(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 	unsigned long p = pgdat_end_pfn(pgdat); /* pgdat_end_pfn namespace clash */
 	unsigned long pgdat_end_pfn = p;
 	unsigned long pfn;
-	struct mem_section *ms;
 	int nid = pgdat->node_id;
 
 	if (pgdat_start_pfn == start_pfn) {
@@ -485,10 +474,8 @@ static void shrink_pgdat_span(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 	 * has only hole or not.
 	 */
 	pfn = pgdat_start_pfn;
-	for (; pfn < pgdat_end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
-		ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
-
-		if (unlikely(!valid_section(ms)))
+	for (; pfn < pgdat_end_pfn; pfn += PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION) {
+		if (unlikely(!pfn_valid(pfn)))
 			continue;
 
 		if (pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 05/12] mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap()
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 04/12] mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone, pgdat}_span for sub-section removal Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 06/12] mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages() Dan Williams
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, David Hildenbrand, Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

Allow sub-section sized ranges to be added to the memmap.
populate_section_memmap() takes an explict pfn range rather than
assuming a full section, and those parameters are plumbed all the way
through to vmmemap_populate(). There should be no sub-section usage in
current deployments. New warnings are added to clarify which memmap
allocation paths are sub-section capable.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c |    4 ++-
 include/linux/mm.h    |    4 ++-
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c   |   21 +++++++++++------
 mm/sparse.c           |   61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 4 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 20d14254b686..bb018d09d2dc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -1457,7 +1457,9 @@ int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
 {
 	int err;
 
-	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE))
+	if (end - start < PAGES_PER_SECTION * sizeof(struct page))
+		err = vmemmap_populate_basepages(start, end, node);
+	else if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE))
 		err = vmemmap_populate_hugepages(start, end, node, altmap);
 	else if (altmap) {
 		pr_err_once("%s: no cpu support for altmap allocations\n",
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 0e8834ac32b7..5360a0e4051d 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2748,8 +2748,8 @@ const char * arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
 void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long rip);
 
 void *sparse_buffer_alloc(unsigned long size);
-struct page *sparse_mem_map_populate(unsigned long pnum, int nid,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
+struct page * __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 pgd_t *vmemmap_pgd_populate(unsigned long addr, int node);
 p4d_t *vmemmap_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, int node);
 pud_t *vmemmap_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, int node);
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index 7fec05796796..200aef686722 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -245,19 +245,26 @@ int __meminit vmemmap_populate_basepages(unsigned long start,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-struct page * __meminit sparse_mem_map_populate(unsigned long pnum, int nid,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+struct page * __meminit __populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long start;
 	unsigned long end;
-	struct page *map;
 
-	map = pfn_to_page(pnum * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
-	start = (unsigned long)map;
-	end = (unsigned long)(map + PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+	/*
+	 * The minimum granularity of memmap extensions is
+	 * PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION as allocations are tracked in the
+	 * 'subsection_map' bitmap of the section.
+	 */
+	end = ALIGN(pfn + nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION);
+	pfn &= PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK;
+	nr_pages = end - pfn;
+
+	start = (unsigned long) pfn_to_page(pfn);
+	end = start + nr_pages * sizeof(struct page);
 
 	if (vmemmap_populate(start, end, nid, altmap))
 		return NULL;
 
-	return map;
+	return pfn_to_page(pfn);
 }
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index ac47a48050c7..d613f108cf34 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -433,8 +433,8 @@ static unsigned long __init section_map_size(void)
 	return PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
 }
 
-struct page __init *sparse_mem_map_populate(unsigned long pnum, int nid,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+struct page __init *__populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long size = section_map_size();
 	struct page *map = sparse_buffer_alloc(size);
@@ -515,10 +515,13 @@ static void __init sparse_init_nid(int nid, unsigned long pnum_begin,
 	}
 	sparse_buffer_init(map_count * section_map_size(), nid);
 	for_each_present_section_nr(pnum_begin, pnum) {
+		unsigned long pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(pnum);
+
 		if (pnum >= pnum_end)
 			break;
 
-		map = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nid, NULL);
+		map = __populate_section_memmap(pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION,
+				nid, NULL);
 		if (!map) {
 			pr_err("%s: node[%d] memory map backing failed. Some memory will not be available.",
 			       __func__, nid);
@@ -618,17 +621,17 @@ void offline_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
-static inline struct page *kmalloc_section_memmap(unsigned long pnum, int nid,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+static struct page *populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	/* This will make the necessary allocations eventually. */
-	return sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nid, altmap);
+	return __populate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
 }
-static void __kfree_section_memmap(struct page *memmap,
+
+static void depopulate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	unsigned long start = (unsigned long)memmap;
-	unsigned long end = (unsigned long)(memmap + PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+	unsigned long start = (unsigned long) pfn_to_page(pfn);
+	unsigned long end = start + nr_pages * sizeof(struct page);
 
 	vmemmap_free(start, end, altmap);
 }
@@ -642,11 +645,18 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #else
-static struct page *__kmalloc_section_memmap(void)
+struct page *populate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	struct page *page, *ret;
 	unsigned long memmap_size = sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION;
 
+	if ((pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK) || nr_pages != PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
+		WARN(1, "%s: called with section unaligned parameters\n",
+				__func__);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
 	page = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_NOWARN, get_order(memmap_size));
 	if (page)
 		goto got_map_page;
@@ -663,15 +673,17 @@ static struct page *__kmalloc_section_memmap(void)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static inline struct page *kmalloc_section_memmap(unsigned long pnum, int nid,
+static void depopulate_section_memmap(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	return __kmalloc_section_memmap();
-}
+	struct page *memmap = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+
+	if ((pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK) || nr_pages != PAGES_PER_SECTION) {
+		WARN(1, "%s: called with section unaligned parameters\n",
+				__func__);
+		return;
+	}
 
-static void __kfree_section_memmap(struct page *memmap,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
-{
 	if (is_vmalloc_addr(memmap))
 		vfree(memmap);
 	else
@@ -742,12 +754,13 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 	if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
 		return ret;
 	ret = 0;
-	memmap = kmalloc_section_memmap(section_nr, nid, altmap);
+	memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
+			altmap);
 	if (!memmap)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!usage) {
-		__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
+		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
 
@@ -769,7 +782,7 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 out:
 	if (ret < 0) {
 		kfree(usage);
-		__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
+		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
 	}
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -806,7 +819,8 @@ static inline void clear_hwpoisoned_pages(struct page *memmap, int nr_pages)
 #endif
 
 static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
-		struct mem_section_usage *usage, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+		struct mem_section_usage *usage, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	struct page *usage_page;
 
@@ -820,7 +834,7 @@ static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
 	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page)) {
 		kfree(usage);
 		if (memmap)
-			__kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
+			depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -849,7 +863,8 @@ void sparse_remove_one_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
 
 	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(memmap + map_offset,
 			PAGES_PER_SECTION - map_offset);
-	free_section_usage(memmap, usage, altmap);
+	free_section_usage(memmap, usage, section_nr_to_pfn(__section_nr(ms)),
+			PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 06/12] mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages()
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 05/12] mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap() Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:39 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 07/12] mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper Dan Williams
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Logan Gunthorpe, Pavel Tatashin, David Hildenbrand,
	Oscar Salvador, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

The zone type check was a leftover from the cleanup that plumbed altmap
through the memory hotplug path, i.e. commit da024512a1fa "mm: pass the
vmem_altmap to arch_remove_memory and __remove_pages".

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 mm/memory_hotplug.c |    7 ++-----
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 393ab2b9c3f7..cb9e68729ea3 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -544,11 +544,8 @@ void __remove_pages(struct zone *zone, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
 	unsigned long map_offset = 0;
 	int sections_to_remove;
 
-	/* In the ZONE_DEVICE case device driver owns the memory region */
-	if (is_dev_zone(zone)) {
-		if (altmap)
-			map_offset = vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
-	}
+	if (altmap)
+		map_offset = vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
 
 	clear_zone_contiguous(zone);
 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 07/12] mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 06/12] mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages() Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges Dan Williams
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Logan Gunthorpe, David Hildenbrand, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

Given there are no more usages of is_dev_zone() outside of 'ifdef
CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE' protection, kill off the compilation helper.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 include/linux/mmzone.h |   12 ------------
 mm/page_alloc.c        |    2 +-
 2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 6dd52d544857..49e7fb452dfd 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -855,18 +855,6 @@ static inline int local_memory_node(int node_id) { return node_id; };
  */
 #define zone_idx(zone)		((zone) - (zone)->zone_pgdat->node_zones)
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
-static inline bool is_dev_zone(const struct zone *zone)
-{
-	return zone_idx(zone) == ZONE_DEVICE;
-}
-#else
-static inline bool is_dev_zone(const struct zone *zone)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-#endif
-
 /*
  * Returns true if a zone has pages managed by the buddy allocator.
  * All the reclaim decisions have to use this function rather than
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 13816c5a51eb..2a5c5cbfb5fc 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -5864,7 +5864,7 @@ void __ref memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *zone,
 	unsigned long start = jiffies;
 	int nid = pgdat->node_id;
 
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pgmap || !is_dev_zone(zone)))
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pgmap || zone_idx(zone) != ZONE_DEVICE))
 		return;
 
 	/*


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 07/12] mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-10 13:00   ` osalvador
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Dan Williams
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

Prepare the memory hot-{add,remove} paths for handling sub-section
ranges by plumbing the starting page frame and number of pages being
handled through arch_{add,remove}_memory() to
sparse_{add,remove}_one_section().

This is simply plumbing, small cleanups, and some identifier renames. No
intended functional changes.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h |    7 +-
 mm/memory_hotplug.c            |  118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 mm/sparse.c                    |    7 +-
 3 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
index ae892eef8b82..835a94650ee3 100644
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -354,9 +354,10 @@ extern int add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *resource);
 extern void move_pfn_range_to_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
 		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 extern bool is_memblock_offlined(struct memory_block *mem);
-extern int sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
-				  struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
-extern void sparse_remove_one_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
+extern int sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
+extern void sparse_remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
+		unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		unsigned long map_offset, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
 extern struct page *sparse_decode_mem_map(unsigned long coded_mem_map,
 					  unsigned long pnum);
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index cb9e68729ea3..41b544f63816 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -251,22 +251,44 @@ void __init register_page_bootmem_info_node(struct pglist_data *pgdat)
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_BOOTMEM_INFO_NODE */
 
-static int __meminit __add_section(int nid, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
-		struct vmem_altmap *altmap, bool want_memblock)
+static int __meminit __add_section(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages,	struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
+		bool want_memblock)
 {
 	int ret;
 
-	if (pfn_valid(phys_start_pfn))
+	if (pfn_valid(pfn))
 		return -EEXIST;
 
-	ret = sparse_add_one_section(nid, phys_start_pfn, altmap);
+	ret = sparse_add_section(nid, pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		return ret;
 
 	if (!want_memblock)
 		return 0;
 
-	return hotplug_memory_register(nid, __pfn_to_section(phys_start_pfn));
+	return hotplug_memory_register(nid, __pfn_to_section(pfn));
+}
+
+static int subsection_check(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		unsigned long flags, const char *reason)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Only allow partial section hotplug for !memblock ranges,
+	 * since register_new_memory() requires section alignment, and
+	 * CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=n requires sections to be fully
+	 * populated.
+	 */
+	if ((!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
+				|| (flags & MHP_MEMBLOCK_API))
+			&& ((pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
+				|| (nr_pages & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK))) {
+		WARN(1, "Sub-section hot-%s incompatible with %s\n", reason,
+				(flags & MHP_MEMBLOCK_API)
+				? "memblock api" : "!CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -275,34 +297,40 @@ static int __meminit __add_section(int nid, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
  * call this function after deciding the zone to which to
  * add the new pages.
  */
-int __ref __add_pages(int nid, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
-		unsigned long nr_pages, struct mhp_restrictions *restrictions)
+int __ref __add_pages(int nid, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		struct mhp_restrictions *restrictions)
 {
 	unsigned long i;
-	int err = 0;
-	int start_sec, end_sec;
+	int start_sec, end_sec, err;
 	struct vmem_altmap *altmap = restrictions->altmap;
 
-	/* during initialize mem_map, align hot-added range to section */
-	start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(phys_start_pfn);
-	end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(phys_start_pfn + nr_pages - 1);
-
 	if (altmap) {
 		/*
 		 * Validate altmap is within bounds of the total request
 		 */
-		if (altmap->base_pfn != phys_start_pfn
+		if (altmap->base_pfn != pfn
 				|| vmem_altmap_offset(altmap) > nr_pages) {
 			pr_warn_once("memory add fail, invalid altmap\n");
-			err = -EINVAL;
-			goto out;
+			return -EINVAL;
 		}
 		altmap->alloc = 0;
 	}
 
+	err = subsection_check(pfn, nr_pages, restrictions->flags, "add");
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+	end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
 	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
-		err = __add_section(nid, section_nr_to_pfn(i), altmap,
+		unsigned long pfns;
+
+		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
+				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
+		err = __add_section(nid, pfn, pfns, altmap,
 				restrictions->flags & MHP_MEMBLOCK_API);
+		pfn += pfns;
+		nr_pages -= pfns;
 
 		/*
 		 * EEXIST is finally dealt with by ioresource collision
@@ -315,7 +343,6 @@ int __ref __add_pages(int nid, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
 		cond_resched();
 	}
 	vmemmap_populate_print_last();
-out:
 	return err;
 }
 
@@ -494,10 +521,10 @@ static void shrink_pgdat_span(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
 	pgdat->node_spanned_pages = 0;
 }
 
-static void __remove_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn)
+static void __remove_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages)
 {
 	struct pglist_data *pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
-	int nr_pages = PAGES_PER_SECTION;
 	unsigned long flags;
 
 	pgdat_resize_lock(zone->zone_pgdat, &flags);
@@ -506,29 +533,26 @@ static void __remove_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn)
 	pgdat_resize_unlock(zone->zone_pgdat, &flags);
 }
 
-static void __remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
-			     unsigned long map_offset,
-			     struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+static void __remove_section(struct zone *zone, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned long map_offset,
+		struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	unsigned long start_pfn;
-	int scn_nr;
+	struct mem_section *ms = __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));
 
 	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!valid_section(ms)))
 		return;
 
 	unregister_memory_section(ms);
 
-	scn_nr = __section_nr(ms);
-	start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn((unsigned long)scn_nr);
-	__remove_zone(zone, start_pfn);
+	__remove_zone(zone, pfn, nr_pages);
 
-	sparse_remove_one_section(zone, ms, map_offset, altmap);
+	sparse_remove_section(zone, ms, pfn, nr_pages, map_offset, altmap);
 }
 
 /**
  * __remove_pages() - remove sections of pages from a zone
  * @zone: zone from which pages need to be removed
- * @phys_start_pfn: starting pageframe (must be aligned to start of a section)
+ * @pfn: starting pageframe (must be aligned to start of a section)
  * @nr_pages: number of pages to remove (must be multiple of section size)
  * @altmap: alternative device page map or %NULL if default memmap is used
  *
@@ -537,31 +561,39 @@ static void __remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
  * sure that pages are marked reserved and zones are adjust properly by
  * calling offline_pages().
  */
-void __remove_pages(struct zone *zone, unsigned long phys_start_pfn,
+void __remove_pages(struct zone *zone, unsigned long pfn,
 		    unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	unsigned long i;
 	unsigned long map_offset = 0;
-	int sections_to_remove;
+	int i, start_sec, end_sec;
+	struct memory_block *mem;
+	unsigned long flags = 0;
 
 	if (altmap)
 		map_offset = vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
 
 	clear_zone_contiguous(zone);
 
-	/*
-	 * We can only remove entire sections
-	 */
-	BUG_ON(phys_start_pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK);
-	BUG_ON(nr_pages % PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+	mem = find_memory_block(__pfn_to_section(pfn));
+	if (mem) {
+		flags |= MHP_MEMBLOCK_API;
+		put_device(&mem->dev);
+	}
 
-	sections_to_remove = nr_pages / PAGES_PER_SECTION;
-	for (i = 0; i < sections_to_remove; i++) {
-		unsigned long pfn = phys_start_pfn + i*PAGES_PER_SECTION;
+	if (subsection_check(pfn, nr_pages, flags, "remove"))
+		return;
+
+	start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+	end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
+	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
+		unsigned long pfns;
 
 		cond_resched();
-		__remove_section(zone, __pfn_to_section(pfn), map_offset,
-				 altmap);
+		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
+				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
+		__remove_section(zone, pfn, pfns, map_offset, altmap);
+		pfn += pfns;
+		nr_pages -= pfns;
 		map_offset = 0;
 	}
 
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index d613f108cf34..8867f8901ee2 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -737,8 +737,8 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
  * * -EEXIST	- Section has been present.
  * * -ENOMEM	- Out of memory.
  */
-int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
-				     struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
 	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
@@ -847,7 +847,8 @@ static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
 		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
 }
 
-void sparse_remove_one_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
+void sparse_remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
+		unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		unsigned long map_offset, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	struct page *memmap = NULL;


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-08 23:15   ` Oscar Salvador
  2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 10/12] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap Dan Williams
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 2 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador,
	mhocko

The libnvdimm sub-system has suffered a series of hacks and broken
workarounds for the memory-hotplug implementation's awkward
section-aligned (128MB) granularity. For example the following backtrace
is emitted when attempting arch_add_memory() with physical address
ranges that intersect 'System RAM' (RAM) with 'Persistent Memory' (PMEM)
within a given section:

 WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 558 at kernel/memremap.c:300 devm_memremap_pages+0x3b5/0x4c0
 devm_memremap_pages attempted on mixed region [mem 0x200000000-0x2fbffffff flags 0x200]
 [..]
 Call Trace:
   dump_stack+0x86/0xc3
   __warn+0xcb/0xf0
   warn_slowpath_fmt+0x5f/0x80
   devm_memremap_pages+0x3b5/0x4c0
   __wrap_devm_memremap_pages+0x58/0x70 [nfit_test_iomap]
   pmem_attach_disk+0x19a/0x440 [nd_pmem]

Recently it was discovered that the problem goes beyond RAM vs PMEM
collisions as some platform produce PMEM vs PMEM collisions within a
given section. The libnvdimm workaround for that case revealed that the
libnvdimm section-alignment-padding implementation has been broken for a
long while. A fix for that long-standing breakage introduces as many
problems as it solves as it would require a backward-incompatible change
to the namespace metadata interpretation. Instead of that dubious route
[1], address the root problem in the memory-hotplug implementation.

[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/r/155000671719.348031.2347363160141119237.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 mm/sparse.c |  255 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 175 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index 8867f8901ee2..34f322d14e62 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -83,8 +83,15 @@ static int __meminit sparse_index_init(unsigned long section_nr, int nid)
 	unsigned long root = SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(section_nr);
 	struct mem_section *section;
 
+	/*
+	 * An existing section is possible in the sub-section hotplug
+	 * case. First hot-add instantiates, follow-on hot-add reuses
+	 * the existing section.
+	 *
+	 * The mem_hotplug_lock resolves the apparent race below.
+	 */
 	if (mem_section[root])
-		return -EEXIST;
+		return 0;
 
 	section = sparse_index_alloc(nid);
 	if (!section)
@@ -210,6 +217,15 @@ static inline unsigned long first_present_section_nr(void)
 	return next_present_section_nr(-1);
 }
 
+void subsection_mask_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages)
+{
+	int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
+	int end = subsection_map_index(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
+
+	bitmap_set(map, idx, end - idx + 1);
+}
+
 void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 {
 	int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
@@ -219,20 +235,17 @@ void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
 		return;
 
 	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
-		int idx, end;
-		unsigned long pfns;
 		struct mem_section *ms;
+		unsigned long pfns;
 
-		idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
 		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
 				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
-		end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);
-
 		ms = __nr_to_section(i);
-		bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);
+		subsection_mask_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, pfn, pfns);
 
 		pr_debug("%s: sec: %d pfns: %ld set(%d, %d)\n", __func__, i,
-				pfns, idx, end - idx + 1);
+				pfns, subsection_map_index(pfn),
+				subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1));
 
 		pfn += pfns;
 		nr_pages -= pfns;
@@ -319,6 +332,15 @@ static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
 		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
 {
+	/*
+	 * Given that SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y supports sub-section hotplug,
+	 * ->section_mem_map can not be guaranteed to point to a full
+	 *  section's worth of memory.  The field is only valid / used
+	 *  in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=n case.
+	 */
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP))
+		mem_map = NULL;
+
 	ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
 	ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
 							SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
@@ -724,10 +746,142 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
 
+#ifndef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
+static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static bool is_early_section(struct mem_section *ms)
+{
+	struct page *usage_page;
+
+	usage_page = virt_to_page(ms->usage);
+	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page))
+		return false;
+	else
+		return true;
+}
+
+static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
+		int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(tmp, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
+	bool early_section = is_early_section(ms);
+	struct page *memmap = NULL;
+	unsigned long *subsection_map = ms->usage
+		? &ms->usage->subsection_map[0] : NULL;
+
+	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
+	if (subsection_map)
+		bitmap_and(tmp, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+
+	if (WARN(!subsection_map || !bitmap_equal(tmp, map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION),
+				"section already deactivated (%#lx + %ld)\n",
+				pfn, nr_pages))
+		return;
+
+	if (WARN(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
+				&& nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION,
+				"partial memory section removal not supported\n"))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * There are 3 cases to handle across two configurations
+	 * (SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n}):
+	 *
+	 * 1/ deactivation of a partial hot-added section (only possible
+	 * in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y case).
+	 *    a/ section was present at memory init
+	 *    b/ section was hot-added post memory init
+	 * 2/ deactivation of a complete hot-added section
+	 * 3/ deactivation of a complete section from memory init
+	 *
+	 * For 1/, when subsection_map does not empty we will not be
+	 * freeing the usage map, but still need to free the vmemmap
+	 * range.
+	 *
+	 * For 2/ and 3/ the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n} cases are unified
+	 */
+	bitmap_xor(subsection_map, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+	if (bitmap_empty(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)) {
+		unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
+
+		if (!early_section) {
+			kfree(ms->usage);
+			ms->usage = NULL;
+		}
+		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
+		ms->section_mem_map = sparse_encode_mem_map(NULL, section_nr);
+	}
+
+	if (early_section && memmap)
+		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
+	else
+		depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+}
+
+static struct page * __meminit section_activate(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
+		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
+{
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
+	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
+	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
+	unsigned long *subsection_map;
+	struct page *memmap;
+	int rc = 0;
+
+	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
+
+	if (!ms->usage) {
+		usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!usage)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+		ms->usage = usage;
+	}
+	subsection_map = &ms->usage->subsection_map[0];
+
+	if (bitmap_empty(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
+		rc = -EINVAL;
+	else if (bitmap_intersects(map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
+		rc = -EEXIST;
+	else
+		bitmap_or(subsection_map, map, subsection_map,
+				SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
+
+	if (rc) {
+		if (usage)
+			ms->usage = NULL;
+		kfree(usage);
+		return ERR_PTR(rc);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * The early init code does not consider partially populated
+	 * initial sections, it simply assumes that memory will never be
+	 * referenced.  If we hot-add memory into such a section then we
+	 * do not need to populate the memmap and can simply reuse what
+	 * is already there.
+	 */
+	if (nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION && is_early_section(ms))
+		return pfn_to_page(pfn);
+
+	memmap = populate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
+	if (!memmap) {
+		section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	return memmap;
+}
+
 /**
- * sparse_add_one_section - add a memory section
+ * sparse_add_section - add a memory section, or populate an existing one
  * @nid: The node to add section on
  * @start_pfn: start pfn of the memory range
+ * @nr_pages: number of pfns to add in the section
  * @altmap: device page map
  *
  * This is only intended for hotplug.
@@ -741,49 +895,31 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
 		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
 	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
-	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
 	struct mem_section *ms;
 	struct page *memmap;
 	int ret;
 
-	/*
-	 * no locking for this, because it does its own
-	 * plus, it does a kmalloc
-	 */
 	ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
 	if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
 		return ret;
-	ret = 0;
-	memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
-			altmap);
-	if (!memmap)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!usage) {
-		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	}
 
-	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
-	if (ms->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT) {
-		ret = -EEXIST;
-		goto out;
-	}
+	memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
+	if (IS_ERR(memmap))
+		return PTR_ERR(memmap);
+	ret = 0;
 
 	/*
 	 * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
 	 * combinations.
 	 */
-	page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+	page_init_poison(pfn_to_page(start_pfn), sizeof(struct page) * nr_pages);
 
+	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
 	section_mark_present(ms);
-	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
+	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
 
-out:
-	if (ret < 0) {
-		kfree(usage);
-		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
-	}
+	if (ret < 0)
+		section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -818,54 +954,13 @@ static inline void clear_hwpoisoned_pages(struct page *memmap, int nr_pages)
 }
 #endif
 
-static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
-		struct mem_section_usage *usage, unsigned long pfn,
-		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
-{
-	struct page *usage_page;
-
-	if (!usage)
-		return;
-
-	usage_page = virt_to_page(usage);
-	/*
-	 * Check to see if allocation came from hot-plug-add
-	 */
-	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page)) {
-		kfree(usage);
-		if (memmap)
-			depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
-		return;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * The usemap came from bootmem. This is packed with other usemaps
-	 * on the section which has pgdat at boot time. Just keep it as is now.
-	 */
-
-	if (memmap)
-		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
-}
-
 void sparse_remove_section(struct zone *zone, struct mem_section *ms,
 		unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 		unsigned long map_offset, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
 {
-	struct page *memmap = NULL;
-	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
-
-	if (ms->section_mem_map) {
-		usage = ms->usage;
-		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map,
-						__section_nr(ms));
-		ms->section_mem_map = 0;
-		ms->usage = NULL;
-	}
-
-	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(memmap + map_offset,
-			PAGES_PER_SECTION - map_offset);
-	free_section_usage(memmap, usage, section_nr_to_pfn(__section_nr(ms)),
-			PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
+	clear_hwpoisoned_pages(pfn_to_page(pfn) + map_offset,
+			nr_pages - map_offset);
+	section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, zone_to_nid(zone), altmap);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 10/12] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 11/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields Dan Williams
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Toshi Kani, Jérôme Glisse,
	Logan Gunthorpe, Oscar Salvador, Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm,
	linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador, mhocko

Teach devm_memremap_pages() about the new sub-section capabilities of
arch_{add,remove}_memory(). Effectively, just replace all usage of
align_start, align_end, and align_size with res->start, res->end, and
resource_size(res). The existing sanity check will still make sure that
the two separate remap attempts do not collide within a sub-section (2MB
on x86).

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hpe.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 kernel/memremap.c |   61 +++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
index f355586ea54a..425904858d97 100644
--- a/kernel/memremap.c
+++ b/kernel/memremap.c
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ static unsigned long pfn_first(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	struct vmem_altmap *altmap = &pgmap->altmap;
 	unsigned long pfn;
 
-	pfn = res->start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	pfn = PHYS_PFN(res->start);
 	if (pgmap->altmap_valid)
 		pfn += vmem_altmap_offset(altmap);
 	return pfn;
@@ -87,7 +87,6 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
 	struct dev_pagemap *pgmap = data;
 	struct device *dev = pgmap->dev;
 	struct resource *res = &pgmap->res;
-	resource_size_t align_start, align_size;
 	unsigned long pfn;
 	int nid;
 
@@ -96,25 +95,21 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
 		put_page(pfn_to_page(pfn));
 
 	/* pages are dead and unused, undo the arch mapping */
-	align_start = res->start & ~(PA_SECTION_SIZE - 1);
-	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), PA_SECTION_SIZE)
-		- align_start;
-
-	nid = page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT));
+	nid = page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(PHYS_PFN(res->start)));
 
 	mem_hotplug_begin();
 	if (pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE) {
-		pfn = align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+		pfn = PHYS_PFN(res->start);
 		__remove_pages(page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn)), pfn,
-				align_size >> PAGE_SHIFT, NULL);
+				PHYS_PFN(resource_size(res)), NULL);
 	} else {
-		arch_remove_memory(nid, align_start, align_size,
+		arch_remove_memory(nid, res->start, resource_size(res),
 				pgmap->altmap_valid ? &pgmap->altmap : NULL);
-		kasan_remove_zero_shadow(__va(align_start), align_size);
+		kasan_remove_zero_shadow(__va(res->start), resource_size(res));
 	}
 	mem_hotplug_done();
 
-	untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
+	untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(res->start), resource_size(res));
 	pgmap_array_delete(res);
 	dev_WARN_ONCE(dev, pgmap->altmap.alloc,
 		      "%s: failed to free all reserved pages\n", __func__);
@@ -141,16 +136,13 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
  */
 void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 {
-	resource_size_t align_start, align_size, align_end;
-	struct vmem_altmap *altmap = pgmap->altmap_valid ?
-			&pgmap->altmap : NULL;
 	struct resource *res = &pgmap->res;
 	struct dev_pagemap *conflict_pgmap;
 	struct mhp_restrictions restrictions = {
 		/*
 		 * We do not want any optional features only our own memmap
 		*/
-		.altmap = altmap,
+		.altmap = pgmap->altmap_valid ? &pgmap->altmap : NULL,
 	};
 	pgprot_t pgprot = PAGE_KERNEL;
 	int error, nid, is_ram;
@@ -158,26 +150,21 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	if (!pgmap->ref || !pgmap->kill)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 
-	align_start = res->start & ~(PA_SECTION_SIZE - 1);
-	align_size = ALIGN(res->start + resource_size(res), PA_SECTION_SIZE)
-		- align_start;
-	align_end = align_start + align_size - 1;
-
-	conflict_pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(PHYS_PFN(align_start), NULL);
+	conflict_pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(PHYS_PFN(res->start), NULL);
 	if (conflict_pgmap) {
 		dev_WARN(dev, "Conflicting mapping in same section\n");
 		put_dev_pagemap(conflict_pgmap);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
 
-	conflict_pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(PHYS_PFN(align_end), NULL);
+	conflict_pgmap = get_dev_pagemap(PHYS_PFN(res->end), NULL);
 	if (conflict_pgmap) {
 		dev_WARN(dev, "Conflicting mapping in same section\n");
 		put_dev_pagemap(conflict_pgmap);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
 
-	is_ram = region_intersects(align_start, align_size,
+	is_ram = region_intersects(res->start, resource_size(res),
 		IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM, IORES_DESC_NONE);
 
 	if (is_ram != REGION_DISJOINT) {
@@ -198,8 +185,8 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	if (nid < 0)
 		nid = numa_mem_id();
 
-	error = track_pfn_remap(NULL, &pgprot, PHYS_PFN(align_start), 0,
-			align_size);
+	error = track_pfn_remap(NULL, &pgprot, PHYS_PFN(res->start), 0,
+			resource_size(res));
 	if (error)
 		goto err_pfn_remap;
 
@@ -217,25 +204,25 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	 * arch_add_memory().
 	 */
 	if (pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE) {
-		error = add_pages(nid, align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-				align_size >> PAGE_SHIFT, &restrictions);
+		error = add_pages(nid, PHYS_PFN(res->start),
+				PHYS_PFN(resource_size(res)), &restrictions);
 	} else {
-		error = kasan_add_zero_shadow(__va(align_start), align_size);
+		error = kasan_add_zero_shadow(__va(res->start), resource_size(res));
 		if (error) {
 			mem_hotplug_done();
 			goto err_kasan;
 		}
 
-		error = arch_add_memory(nid, align_start, align_size,
-					&restrictions);
+		error = arch_add_memory(nid, res->start, resource_size(res),
+				&restrictions);
 	}
 
 	if (!error) {
 		struct zone *zone;
 
 		zone = &NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zones[ZONE_DEVICE];
-		move_pfn_range_to_zone(zone, align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-				align_size >> PAGE_SHIFT, altmap);
+		move_pfn_range_to_zone(zone, PHYS_PFN(res->start),
+				PHYS_PFN(resource_size(res)), restrictions.altmap);
 	}
 
 	mem_hotplug_done();
@@ -247,8 +234,8 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	 * to allow us to do the work while not holding the hotplug lock.
 	 */
 	memmap_init_zone_device(&NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zones[ZONE_DEVICE],
-				align_start >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-				align_size >> PAGE_SHIFT, pgmap);
+				PHYS_PFN(res->start),
+				PHYS_PFN(resource_size(res)), pgmap);
 	percpu_ref_get_many(pgmap->ref, pfn_end(pgmap) - pfn_first(pgmap));
 
 	error = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, devm_memremap_pages_release,
@@ -259,9 +246,9 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	return __va(res->start);
 
  err_add_memory:
-	kasan_remove_zero_shadow(__va(align_start), align_size);
+	kasan_remove_zero_shadow(__va(res->start), resource_size(res));
  err_kasan:
-	untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
+	untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(res->start), resource_size(res));
  err_pfn_remap:
 	pgmap_array_delete(res);
  err_array:


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 11/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 10/12] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 12/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment Dan Williams
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm; +Cc: stable, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador, mhocko

At namespace creation time there is the potential for the "expected to
be zero" fields of a 'pfn' info-block to be filled with indeterminate
data. While the kernel buffer is zeroed on allocation it is immediately
overwritten by nd_pfn_validate() filling it with the current contents of
the on-media info-block location. For fields like, 'flags' and the
'padding' it potentially means that future implementations can not rely
on those fields being zero.

In preparation to stop using the 'start_pad' and 'end_trunc' fields for
section alignment, arrange for fields that are not explicitly
initialized to be guaranteed zero. Bump the minor version to indicate it
is safe to assume the 'padding' and 'flags' are zero. Otherwise, this
corruption is expected to benign since all other critical fields are
explicitly initialized.

Fixes: 32ab0a3f5170 ("libnvdimm, pmem: 'struct page' for pmem")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c |    2 +-
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h      |    1 +
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c |   18 +++++++++++++++---
 3 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c
index 0453f49dc708..326f02ffca81 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ int nd_dax_probe(struct device *dev, struct nd_namespace_common *ndns)
 	nvdimm_bus_unlock(&ndns->dev);
 	if (!dax_dev)
 		return -ENOMEM;
-	pfn_sb = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
+	pfn_sb = devm_kmalloc(dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
 	nd_pfn->pfn_sb = pfn_sb;
 	rc = nd_pfn_validate(nd_pfn, DAX_SIG);
 	dev_dbg(dev, "dax: %s\n", rc == 0 ? dev_name(dax_dev) : "<none>");
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
index dde9853453d3..e901e3a3b04c 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ struct nd_pfn_sb {
 	__le32 end_trunc;
 	/* minor-version-2 record the base alignment of the mapping */
 	__le32 align;
+	/* minor-version-3 guarantee the padding and flags are zero */
 	u8 padding[4000];
 	__le64 checksum;
 };
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
index 01f40672507f..a2406253eb70 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
@@ -420,6 +420,15 @@ static int nd_pfn_clear_memmap_errors(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * nd_pfn_validate - read and validate info-block
+ * @nd_pfn: fsdax namespace runtime state / properties
+ * @sig: 'devdax' or 'fsdax' signature
+ *
+ * Upon return the info-block buffer contents (->pfn_sb) are
+ * indeterminate when validation fails, and a coherent info-block
+ * otherwise.
+ */
 int nd_pfn_validate(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, const char *sig)
 {
 	u64 checksum, offset;
@@ -565,7 +574,7 @@ int nd_pfn_probe(struct device *dev, struct nd_namespace_common *ndns)
 	nvdimm_bus_unlock(&ndns->dev);
 	if (!pfn_dev)
 		return -ENOMEM;
-	pfn_sb = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
+	pfn_sb = devm_kmalloc(dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
 	nd_pfn = to_nd_pfn(pfn_dev);
 	nd_pfn->pfn_sb = pfn_sb;
 	rc = nd_pfn_validate(nd_pfn, PFN_SIG);
@@ -702,7 +711,7 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 	u64 checksum;
 	int rc;
 
-	pfn_sb = devm_kzalloc(&nd_pfn->dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
+	pfn_sb = devm_kmalloc(&nd_pfn->dev, sizeof(*pfn_sb), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!pfn_sb)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -711,11 +720,14 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 		sig = DAX_SIG;
 	else
 		sig = PFN_SIG;
+
 	rc = nd_pfn_validate(nd_pfn, sig);
 	if (rc != -ENODEV)
 		return rc;
 
 	/* no info block, do init */;
+	memset(pfn_sb, 0, sizeof(*pfn_sb));
+
 	nd_region = to_nd_region(nd_pfn->dev.parent);
 	if (nd_region->ro) {
 		dev_info(&nd_pfn->dev,
@@ -768,7 +780,7 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 	memcpy(pfn_sb->uuid, nd_pfn->uuid, 16);
 	memcpy(pfn_sb->parent_uuid, nd_dev_to_uuid(&ndns->dev), 16);
 	pfn_sb->version_major = cpu_to_le16(1);
-	pfn_sb->version_minor = cpu_to_le16(2);
+	pfn_sb->version_minor = cpu_to_le16(3);
 	pfn_sb->start_pad = cpu_to_le32(start_pad);
 	pfn_sb->end_trunc = cpu_to_le32(end_trunc);
 	pfn_sb->align = cpu_to_le32(nd_pfn->align);


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 12/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 11/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-06 23:40 ` Dan Williams
  2019-05-13 21:01 ` [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Mike Rapoport
  2019-06-04  7:41 ` Oscar Salvador
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-06 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm; +Cc: Jeff Moyer, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel, osalvador, mhocko

Now that the mm core supports section-unaligned hotplug of ZONE_DEVICE
memory, we no longer need to add padding at pfn/dax device creation
time. The kernel will still honor padding established by older kernels.

Reported-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h      |   14 --------
 drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c |   77 ++++++++-------------------------------------
 include/linux/mmzone.h    |    3 ++
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 78 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
index e901e3a3b04c..cc042a98758f 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h
@@ -41,18 +41,4 @@ struct nd_pfn_sb {
 	__le64 checksum;
 };
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
-#define PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(x) SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(x)
-#define PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(x) SECTION_ALIGN_UP(x)
-#else
-/*
- * In this case ZONE_DEVICE=n and we will disable 'pfn' device support,
- * but we still want pmem to compile.
- */
-#define PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(x) (x)
-#define PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(x) (x)
-#endif
-
-#define PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(x) PFN_PHYS(PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(PHYS_PFN(x)))
-#define PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(x) PFN_PHYS(PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(PHYS_PFN(x)))
 #endif /* __NVDIMM_PFN_H */
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
index a2406253eb70..7f54374b082f 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
@@ -595,14 +595,14 @@ static u32 info_block_reserve(void)
 }
 
 /*
- * We hotplug memory at section granularity, pad the reserved area from
- * the previous section base to the namespace base address.
+ * We hotplug memory at sub-section granularity, pad the reserved area
+ * from the previous section base to the namespace base address.
  */
 static unsigned long init_altmap_base(resource_size_t base)
 {
 	unsigned long base_pfn = PHYS_PFN(base);
 
-	return PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(base_pfn);
+	return SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(base_pfn);
 }
 
 static unsigned long init_altmap_reserve(resource_size_t base)
@@ -610,7 +610,7 @@ static unsigned long init_altmap_reserve(resource_size_t base)
 	unsigned long reserve = info_block_reserve() >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	unsigned long base_pfn = PHYS_PFN(base);
 
-	reserve += base_pfn - PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(base_pfn);
+	reserve += base_pfn - SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(base_pfn);
 	return reserve;
 }
 
@@ -641,8 +641,7 @@ static int __nvdimm_setup_pfn(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 		nd_pfn->npfns = le64_to_cpu(pfn_sb->npfns);
 		pgmap->altmap_valid = false;
 	} else if (nd_pfn->mode == PFN_MODE_PMEM) {
-		nd_pfn->npfns = PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP((resource_size(res)
-					- offset) / PAGE_SIZE);
+		nd_pfn->npfns = PHYS_PFN((resource_size(res) - offset));
 		if (le64_to_cpu(nd_pfn->pfn_sb->npfns) > nd_pfn->npfns)
 			dev_info(&nd_pfn->dev,
 					"number of pfns truncated from %lld to %ld\n",
@@ -658,54 +657,14 @@ static int __nvdimm_setup_pfn(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static u64 phys_pmem_align_down(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, u64 phys)
-{
-	return min_t(u64, PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(phys),
-			ALIGN_DOWN(phys, nd_pfn->align));
-}
-
-/*
- * Check if pmem collides with 'System RAM', or other regions when
- * section aligned.  Trim it accordingly.
- */
-static void trim_pfn_device(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, u32 *start_pad, u32 *end_trunc)
-{
-	struct nd_namespace_common *ndns = nd_pfn->ndns;
-	struct nd_namespace_io *nsio = to_nd_namespace_io(&ndns->dev);
-	struct nd_region *nd_region = to_nd_region(nd_pfn->dev.parent);
-	const resource_size_t start = nsio->res.start;
-	const resource_size_t end = start + resource_size(&nsio->res);
-	resource_size_t adjust, size;
-
-	*start_pad = 0;
-	*end_trunc = 0;
-
-	adjust = start - PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(start);
-	size = resource_size(&nsio->res) + adjust;
-	if (region_intersects(start - adjust, size, IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
-				IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED
-			|| nd_region_conflict(nd_region, start - adjust, size))
-		*start_pad = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(start) - start;
-
-	/* Now check that end of the range does not collide. */
-	adjust = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(end) - end;
-	size = resource_size(&nsio->res) + adjust;
-	if (region_intersects(start, size, IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
-				IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED
-			|| !IS_ALIGNED(end, nd_pfn->align)
-			|| nd_region_conflict(nd_region, start, size))
-		*end_trunc = end - phys_pmem_align_down(nd_pfn, end);
-}
-
 static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 {
 	struct nd_namespace_common *ndns = nd_pfn->ndns;
 	struct nd_namespace_io *nsio = to_nd_namespace_io(&ndns->dev);
-	u32 start_pad, end_trunc, reserve = info_block_reserve();
 	resource_size_t start, size;
 	struct nd_region *nd_region;
+	unsigned long npfns, align;
 	struct nd_pfn_sb *pfn_sb;
-	unsigned long npfns;
 	phys_addr_t offset;
 	const char *sig;
 	u64 checksum;
@@ -736,43 +695,35 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 		return -ENXIO;
 	}
 
-	memset(pfn_sb, 0, sizeof(*pfn_sb));
-
-	trim_pfn_device(nd_pfn, &start_pad, &end_trunc);
-	if (start_pad + end_trunc)
-		dev_info(&nd_pfn->dev, "%s alignment collision, truncate %d bytes\n",
-				dev_name(&ndns->dev), start_pad + end_trunc);
-
 	/*
 	 * Note, we use 64 here for the standard size of struct page,
 	 * debugging options may cause it to be larger in which case the
 	 * implementation will limit the pfns advertised through
 	 * ->direct_access() to those that are included in the memmap.
 	 */
-	start = nsio->res.start + start_pad;
+	start = nsio->res.start;
 	size = resource_size(&nsio->res);
-	npfns = PFN_SECTION_ALIGN_UP((size - start_pad - end_trunc - reserve)
-			/ PAGE_SIZE);
+	npfns = PHYS_PFN(size - SZ_8K);
+	align = max(nd_pfn->align, (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT));
 	if (nd_pfn->mode == PFN_MODE_PMEM) {
 		/*
 		 * The altmap should be padded out to the block size used
 		 * when populating the vmemmap. This *should* be equal to
 		 * PMD_SIZE for most architectures.
 		 */
-		offset = ALIGN(start + reserve + 64 * npfns,
-				max(nd_pfn->align, PMD_SIZE)) - start;
+		offset = ALIGN(start + SZ_8K + 64 * npfns, align) - start;
 	} else if (nd_pfn->mode == PFN_MODE_RAM)
-		offset = ALIGN(start + reserve, nd_pfn->align) - start;
+		offset = ALIGN(start + SZ_8K, align) - start;
 	else
 		return -ENXIO;
 
-	if (offset + start_pad + end_trunc >= size) {
+	if (offset >= size) {
 		dev_err(&nd_pfn->dev, "%s unable to satisfy requested alignment\n",
 				dev_name(&ndns->dev));
 		return -ENXIO;
 	}
 
-	npfns = (size - offset - start_pad - end_trunc) / SZ_4K;
+	npfns = PHYS_PFN(size - offset);
 	pfn_sb->mode = cpu_to_le32(nd_pfn->mode);
 	pfn_sb->dataoff = cpu_to_le64(offset);
 	pfn_sb->npfns = cpu_to_le64(npfns);
@@ -781,8 +732,6 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
 	memcpy(pfn_sb->parent_uuid, nd_dev_to_uuid(&ndns->dev), 16);
 	pfn_sb->version_major = cpu_to_le16(1);
 	pfn_sb->version_minor = cpu_to_le16(3);
-	pfn_sb->start_pad = cpu_to_le32(start_pad);
-	pfn_sb->end_trunc = cpu_to_le32(end_trunc);
 	pfn_sb->align = cpu_to_le32(nd_pfn->align);
 	checksum = nd_sb_checksum((struct nd_gen_sb *) pfn_sb);
 	pfn_sb->checksum = cpu_to_le64(checksum);
diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 49e7fb452dfd..15e07f007ba2 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -1181,6 +1181,9 @@ static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
 #define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
 #endif
 
+#define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) ALIGN((pfn), PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION)
+#define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK)
+
 struct mem_section_usage {
 	DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
 	/* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-08 23:15   ` Oscar Salvador
  2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Oscar Salvador @ 2019-05-08 23:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams, akpm
  Cc: Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe, Pavel Tatashin,
	linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel

On Mon, 2019-05-06 at 16:40 -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> @@ -741,49 +895,31 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid,
> unsigned long start_pfn,
>  		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
>  {
>  	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
> -	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
>  	struct mem_section *ms;
>  	struct page *memmap;
>  	int ret;

I already pointed this out in v7, but:

>  
> -	/*
> -	 * no locking for this, because it does its own
> -	 * plus, it does a kmalloc
> -	 */
>  	ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
>  	if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
>  		return ret;

sparse_index_init() only returns either -ENOMEM or 0, so the above can
be:

	if (ret < 0) or if (ret)

> -	ret = 0;
> -	memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn,
> PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
> -			altmap);
> -	if (!memmap)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
> -	if (!usage) {
> -		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn,
> PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -	}
>  
> -	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
> -	if (ms->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT) {
> -		ret = -EEXIST;
> -		goto out;
> -	}
> +	memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
> +	if (IS_ERR(memmap))
> +		return PTR_ERR(memmap);
> +	ret = 0;

If we got here, sparse_index_init must have returned 0, so ret already
contains 0.
We can remove the assignment.

>  
>  	/*
>  	 * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch
> invalid flags
>  	 * combinations.
>  	 */
> -	page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) *
> PAGES_PER_SECTION);
> +	page_init_poison(pfn_to_page(start_pfn), sizeof(struct page)
> * nr_pages);
>  
> +	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
>  	section_mark_present(ms);
> -	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
> +	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
>  
> -out:
> -	if (ret < 0) {
> -		kfree(usage);
> -		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn,
> PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> -	}
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid,
> altmap);

AFAICS, ret is only set by the return code from sparse_index_init, so
we cannot really get to this code being ret different than 0.
So we can remove the above two lines.

I will start reviewing the patches that lack review from this version
soon.

-- 
Oscar Salvador
SUSE L3

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-10 12:56   ` osalvador
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: osalvador @ 2019-05-10 12:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, Jane Chu, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel

On 2019-05-07 01:39, Dan Williams wrote:
> Prepare for hot{plug,remove} of sub-ranges of a section by tracking a
> sub-section active bitmask, each bit representing a PMD_SIZE span of 
> the
> architecture's memory hotplug section size.
> 
> The implications of a partially populated section is that pfn_valid()
> needs to go beyond a valid_section() check and read the sub-section
> active ranges from the bitmask. The expectation is that the bitmask
> (subsection_map) fits in the same cacheline as the valid_section() 
> data,
> so the incremental performance overhead to pfn_valid() should be
> negligible.
> 
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> Tested-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

Now that the handling is done in pfn/nr_pages, it looks better to me:

Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>

Thanks




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-10 13:00   ` osalvador
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: osalvador @ 2019-05-10 13:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel,
	owner-linux-mm

On 2019-05-07 01:40, Dan Williams wrote:
> Prepare the memory hot-{add,remove} paths for handling sub-section
> ranges by plumbing the starting page frame and number of pages being
> handled through arch_{add,remove}_memory() to
> sparse_{add,remove}_one_section().
> 
> This is simply plumbing, small cleanups, and some identifier renames. 
> No
> intended functional changes.
> 
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
  2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-10 13:30   ` osalvador
  2019-05-10 19:38     ` Dan Williams
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: osalvador @ 2019-05-10 13:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Paul Mackerras,
	Michael Ellerman, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel,
	owner-linux-mm

On 2019-05-07 01:39, Dan Williams wrote:
> Towards enabling memory hotplug to track partial population of a
> section, introduce 'struct mem_section_usage'.
> 
> A pointer to a 'struct mem_section_usage' instance replaces the 
> existing
> pointer to a 'pageblock_flags' bitmap. Effectively it adds one more
> 'unsigned long' beyond the 'pageblock_flags' (usemap) allocation to
> house a new 'subsection_map' bitmap.  The new bitmap enables the memory
> hot{plug,remove} implementation to act on incremental sub-divisions of 
> a
> section.
> 
> The default SUBSECTION_SHIFT is chosen to keep the 'subsection_map' no
> larger than a single 'unsigned long' on the major architectures.
> Alternatively an architecture can define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to
> override the default PMD_SHIFT. Note that PowerPC needs to use
> ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to workaround PMD_SHIFT being a non-constant
> expression on PowerPC.
> 
> The primary motivation for this functionality is to support platforms
> that mix "System RAM" and "Persistent Memory" within a single section,
> or multiple PMEM ranges with different mapping lifetimes within a 
> single
> section. The section restriction for hotplug has caused an ongoing saga
> of hacks and bugs for devm_memremap_pages() users.
> 
> Beyond the fixups to teach existing paths how to retrieve the 'usemap'
> from a section, and updates to usemap allocation path, there are no
> expected behavior changes.
> 
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h |    3 +
>  include/linux/mmzone.h               |   48 +++++++++++++++++++-
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c                  |   18 ++++----
>  mm/page_alloc.c                      |    2 -
>  mm/sparse.c                          |   81 
> +++++++++++++++++-----------------
>  5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> index 3192d454a733..1aa3c9303bf8 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
>   */
>  #define SECTION_SIZE_BITS       24
> 
> +/* Reflect the largest possible PMD-size as the subsection-size 
> constant */
> +#define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT 24
> +

I guess this is done because PMD_SHIFT is defined at runtime rather at 
compile time,
right?


>  #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
> 
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 70394cabaf4e..ef8d878079f9 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -1160,6 +1160,44 @@ static inline unsigned long
> section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
>  #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn)	(((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) &
> PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
>  #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn)	((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
> 
> +/*
> + * SUBSECTION_SHIFT must be constant since it is used to declare
> + * subsection_map and related bitmaps without triggering the 
> generation
> + * of variable-length arrays. The most natural size for a subsection 
> is
> + * a PMD-page. For architectures that do not have a constant PMD-size
> + * ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT can be set to a constant max size, or 
> otherwise
> + * fallback to 2MB.
> + */
> +#if defined(ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> +#elif defined(PMD_SHIFT)
> +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (PMD_SHIFT)
> +#else
> +/*
> + * Memory hotplug enabled platforms avoid this default because they
> + * either define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT, or PMD_SHIFT is a constant, 
> but
> + * this is kept as a backstop to allow compilation on
> + * !ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTPLUG archs.
> + */
> +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
> +#endif
> +
> +#define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
> +#define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> +#define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK ((~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)))
> +
> +#if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
> +#error Subsection size exceeds section size
> +#else
> +#define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - 
> SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
> +#endif

On powerpc, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION will equal 1 (so one big section), 
is that to be expected?
Will subsection_map_init handle this right?



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
  2019-05-10 13:30   ` osalvador
@ 2019-05-10 19:38     ` Dan Williams
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-10 19:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Oscar Salvador
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Paul Mackerras,
	Michael Ellerman, linux-nvdimm, Linux MM,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, owner-linux-mm

On Fri, May 10, 2019 at 6:30 AM <osalvador@suse.de> wrote:
>
> On 2019-05-07 01:39, Dan Williams wrote:
> > Towards enabling memory hotplug to track partial population of a
> > section, introduce 'struct mem_section_usage'.
> >
> > A pointer to a 'struct mem_section_usage' instance replaces the
> > existing
> > pointer to a 'pageblock_flags' bitmap. Effectively it adds one more
> > 'unsigned long' beyond the 'pageblock_flags' (usemap) allocation to
> > house a new 'subsection_map' bitmap.  The new bitmap enables the memory
> > hot{plug,remove} implementation to act on incremental sub-divisions of
> > a
> > section.
> >
> > The default SUBSECTION_SHIFT is chosen to keep the 'subsection_map' no
> > larger than a single 'unsigned long' on the major architectures.
> > Alternatively an architecture can define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to
> > override the default PMD_SHIFT. Note that PowerPC needs to use
> > ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to workaround PMD_SHIFT being a non-constant
> > expression on PowerPC.
> >
> > The primary motivation for this functionality is to support platforms
> > that mix "System RAM" and "Persistent Memory" within a single section,
> > or multiple PMEM ranges with different mapping lifetimes within a
> > single
> > section. The section restriction for hotplug has caused an ongoing saga
> > of hacks and bugs for devm_memremap_pages() users.
> >
> > Beyond the fixups to teach existing paths how to retrieve the 'usemap'
> > from a section, and updates to usemap allocation path, there are no
> > expected behavior changes.
> >
> > Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> > Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> > Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> > Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> > Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> > Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> > Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> > Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> > Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> > ---
> >  arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h |    3 +
> >  include/linux/mmzone.h               |   48 +++++++++++++++++++-
> >  mm/memory_hotplug.c                  |   18 ++++----
> >  mm/page_alloc.c                      |    2 -
> >  mm/sparse.c                          |   81
> > +++++++++++++++++-----------------
> >  5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> > b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> > index 3192d454a733..1aa3c9303bf8 100644
> > --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
> > @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
> >   */
> >  #define SECTION_SIZE_BITS       24
> >
> > +/* Reflect the largest possible PMD-size as the subsection-size
> > constant */
> > +#define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT 24
> > +
>
> I guess this is done because PMD_SHIFT is defined at runtime rather at
> compile time,
> right?

Correct, PowerPC has:

    #define PMD_SHIFT (PAGE_SHIFT + PTE_INDEX_SIZE)
    #define PTE_INDEX_SIZE  __pte_index_size

...where __pte_index_size is variable established at kernel init time.

> >  #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
> >
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
> > diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > index 70394cabaf4e..ef8d878079f9 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > @@ -1160,6 +1160,44 @@ static inline unsigned long
> > section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
> >  #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn)        (((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) &
> > PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
> >  #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn)      ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
> >
> > +/*
> > + * SUBSECTION_SHIFT must be constant since it is used to declare
> > + * subsection_map and related bitmaps without triggering the
> > generation
> > + * of variable-length arrays. The most natural size for a subsection
> > is
> > + * a PMD-page. For architectures that do not have a constant PMD-size
> > + * ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT can be set to a constant max size, or
> > otherwise
> > + * fallback to 2MB.
> > + */
> > +#if defined(ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> > +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> > +#elif defined(PMD_SHIFT)
> > +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (PMD_SHIFT)
> > +#else
> > +/*
> > + * Memory hotplug enabled platforms avoid this default because they
> > + * either define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT, or PMD_SHIFT is a constant,
> > but
> > + * this is kept as a backstop to allow compilation on
> > + * !ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTPLUG archs.
> > + */
> > +#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
> > +#define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
> > +#define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK ((~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)))
> > +
> > +#if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
> > +#error Subsection size exceeds section size
> > +#else
> > +#define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS -
> > SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
> > +#endif
>
> On powerpc, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION will equal 1 (so one big section),
> is that to be expected?

Yes, it turns out that PowerPC has no real need for subsection support
since they were already using small 16MB sections from day one.

> Will subsection_map_init handle this right?

Yes, should work as subsection_map_index() will always return 0. Which
means that 'end' will always be 0:

    pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
        - (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
    end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);

...and then the bitmap manipulation:

    bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);

...will only ever set bit0.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Dan Williams
  2019-05-08 23:15   ` Oscar Salvador
@ 2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
  2019-06-04  4:47     ` Dan Williams
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: Oscar Salvador @ 2019-05-13 13:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel

On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 04:40:14PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
>  
> +void subsection_mask_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned long pfn,
> +		unsigned long nr_pages)
> +{
> +	int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
> +	int end = subsection_map_index(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
> +
> +	bitmap_set(map, idx, end - idx + 1);
> +}
> +
>  void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
>  {
>  	int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
> @@ -219,20 +235,17 @@ void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
>  		return;
>  
>  	for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
> -		int idx, end;
> -		unsigned long pfns;
>  		struct mem_section *ms;
> +		unsigned long pfns;
>  
> -		idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
>  		pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
>  				- (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
> -		end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);
> -
>  		ms = __nr_to_section(i);
> -		bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);
> +		subsection_mask_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, pfn, pfns);
>  
>  		pr_debug("%s: sec: %d pfns: %ld set(%d, %d)\n", __func__, i,
> -				pfns, idx, end - idx + 1);
> +				pfns, subsection_map_index(pfn),
> +				subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1));

I would definetely add subsection_mask_set() and above change to Patch#3.
I think it suits there better than here.

>  
>  		pfn += pfns;
>  		nr_pages -= pfns;
> @@ -319,6 +332,15 @@ static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
>  		unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
>  		struct mem_section_usage *usage)
>  {
> +	/*
> +	 * Given that SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y supports sub-section hotplug,
> +	 * ->section_mem_map can not be guaranteed to point to a full
> +	 *  section's worth of memory.  The field is only valid / used
> +	 *  in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=n case.
> +	 */
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP))
> +		mem_map = NULL;
> +
>  	ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
>  	ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
>  							SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
> @@ -724,10 +746,142 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
>  #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
>  #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
>  
> +#ifndef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> +static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +static bool is_early_section(struct mem_section *ms)
> +{
> +	struct page *usage_page;
> +
> +	usage_page = virt_to_page(ms->usage);
> +	if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page))
> +		return false;
> +	else
> +		return true;
> +}
> +
> +static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
> +		int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> +{
> +	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> +	DECLARE_BITMAP(tmp, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> +	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
> +	bool early_section = is_early_section(ms);
> +	struct page *memmap = NULL;
> +	unsigned long *subsection_map = ms->usage
> +		? &ms->usage->subsection_map[0] : NULL;
> +
> +	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
> +	if (subsection_map)
> +		bitmap_and(tmp, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> +
> +	if (WARN(!subsection_map || !bitmap_equal(tmp, map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION),
> +				"section already deactivated (%#lx + %ld)\n",
> +				pfn, nr_pages))
> +		return;
> +
> +	if (WARN(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
> +				&& nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION,
> +				"partial memory section removal not supported\n"))
> +		return;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * There are 3 cases to handle across two configurations
> +	 * (SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n}):
> +	 *
> +	 * 1/ deactivation of a partial hot-added section (only possible
> +	 * in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y case).
> +	 *    a/ section was present at memory init
> +	 *    b/ section was hot-added post memory init
> +	 * 2/ deactivation of a complete hot-added section
> +	 * 3/ deactivation of a complete section from memory init
> +	 *
> +	 * For 1/, when subsection_map does not empty we will not be
> +	 * freeing the usage map, but still need to free the vmemmap
> +	 * range.
> +	 *
> +	 * For 2/ and 3/ the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n} cases are unified
> +	 */
> +	bitmap_xor(subsection_map, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> +	if (bitmap_empty(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)) {
> +		unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
> +
> +		if (!early_section) {
> +			kfree(ms->usage);
> +			ms->usage = NULL;
> +		}
> +		memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
> +		ms->section_mem_map = sparse_encode_mem_map(NULL, section_nr);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (early_section && memmap)
> +		free_map_bootmem(memmap);
> +	else
> +		depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
> +}
> +
> +static struct page * __meminit section_activate(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
> +		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> +{
> +	DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> +	struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
> +	struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
> +	unsigned long *subsection_map;
> +	struct page *memmap;
> +	int rc = 0;
> +
> +	subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
> +
> +	if (!ms->usage) {
> +		usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!usage)
> +			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +		ms->usage = usage;
> +	}
> +	subsection_map = &ms->usage->subsection_map[0];
> +
> +	if (bitmap_empty(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
> +		rc = -EINVAL;
> +	else if (bitmap_intersects(map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
> +		rc = -EEXIST;
> +	else
> +		bitmap_or(subsection_map, map, subsection_map,
> +				SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> +
> +	if (rc) {
> +		if (usage)
> +			ms->usage = NULL;
> +		kfree(usage);
> +		return ERR_PTR(rc);
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The early init code does not consider partially populated
> +	 * initial sections, it simply assumes that memory will never be
> +	 * referenced.  If we hot-add memory into such a section then we
> +	 * do not need to populate the memmap and can simply reuse what
> +	 * is already there.
> +	 */
> +	if (nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION && is_early_section(ms))
> +		return pfn_to_page(pfn);
> +
> +	memmap = populate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
> +	if (!memmap) {
> +		section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +	}
> +
> +	return memmap;
> +}

I do not really like this.
Sub-section scheme is only available on CONFIG_SPARSE_VMEMMAP, so I would rather
have two internal __section_{activate,deactivate} functions for sparse-vmemmap and
sparse-non-vmemmap.
That way, we can hide all detail implementation and sub-section dance behind
the __section_{activate,deactivate} functions.

> +
> @@ -741,49 +895,31 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
>  		unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
>  {
>  	unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
> -	struct mem_section_usage *usage;
>  	struct mem_section *ms;
>  	struct page *memmap;
>  	int ret;
>  
> -	/*
> -	 * no locking for this, because it does its own
> -	 * plus, it does a kmalloc
> -	 */
>  	ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
>  	if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
>  		return ret;
> -	ret = 0;
> -	memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
> -			altmap);
> -	if (!memmap)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -	usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
> -	if (!usage) {
> -		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -	}
>  
> -	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
> -	if (ms->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT) {
> -		ret = -EEXIST;
> -		goto out;
> -	}
> +	memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
> +	if (IS_ERR(memmap))
> +		return PTR_ERR(memmap);
> +	ret = 0;
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
>  	 * combinations.
>  	 */
> -	page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
> +	page_init_poison(pfn_to_page(start_pfn), sizeof(struct page) * nr_pages);
>  
> +	ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
>  	section_mark_present(ms);
> -	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
> +	sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
>  
> -out:
> -	if (ret < 0) {
> -		kfree(usage);
> -		depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> -	}
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
>  	return ret;
>  }

diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index 34f322d14e62..daeb2d7d8dd0 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -900,13 +900,12 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
        int ret;
 
        ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
-       if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
+       if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
 
        memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
        if (IS_ERR(memmap))
                return PTR_ERR(memmap);
-       ret = 0;
 
        /*
         * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
@@ -918,8 +917,6 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
        section_mark_present(ms);
        sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
 
-       if (ret < 0)
-               section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
        return ret;
 }

-- 
Oscar Salvador
SUSE L3

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 12/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment Dan Williams
@ 2019-05-13 21:01 ` Mike Rapoport
  2019-05-13 21:11   ` Dan Williams
  2019-06-04  7:41 ` Oscar Salvador
  13 siblings, 1 reply; 23+ messages in thread
From: Mike Rapoport @ 2019-05-13 21:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, David Hildenbrand, Jane Chu, Michael Ellerman,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Robin Murphy,
	Anshuman Khandual, Logan Gunthorpe, Paul Mackerras, Toshi Kani,
	Oscar Salvador, Jeff Moyer, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka,
	stable, Jérôme Glisse, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm,
	linux-kernel

Hi Dan,

On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 04:39:26PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> Changes since v7 [1]:

Sorry for jumping late, but presuming there will be v9, it'd be great if it
would also include include updates to
Documentation/admin-guide/mm/memory-hotplug.rst and
Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst
 
> - Make subsection helpers pfn based rather than physical-address based
>   (Oscar and Pavel)
> 
> - Make subsection bitmap definition scalable for different section and
>   sub-section sizes across architectures. As a result:
> 
>       unsigned long map_active
> 
>   ...is converted to:
> 
>       DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)
> 
>   ...and the helpers are renamed with a 'subsection' prefix. (Pavel)
> 
> - New in this version is a touch of arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
>   in "[PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage"
>   to define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT.
> 
> - Drop "mm/sparsemem: Introduce common definitions for the size and mask
>   of a section" in favor of Robin's "mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate
>   SECTION_SIZE" (Pavel)
> 
> - Collect some more Reviewed-by tags. Patches that still lack review
>   tags: 1, 3, 9 - 12
> 
> [1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155677652226.2336373.8700273400832001094.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com/
> 
> ---
> [merge logistics]
> 
> Hi Andrew,
> 
> These are too late for v5.2, I'm posting this v8 during the merge window
> to maintain the review momentum. 
> 
> ---
> [cover letter]
> 
> The memory hotplug section is an arbitrary / convenient unit for memory
> hotplug. 'Section-size' units have bled into the user interface
> ('memblock' sysfs) and can not be changed without breaking existing
> userspace. The section-size constraint, while mostly benign for typical
> memory hotplug, has and continues to wreak havoc with 'device-memory'
> use cases, persistent memory (pmem) in particular. Recall that pmem uses
> devm_memremap_pages(), and subsequently arch_add_memory(), to allocate a
> 'struct page' memmap for pmem. However, it does not use the 'bottom
> half' of memory hotplug, i.e. never marks pmem pages online and never
> exposes the userspace memblock interface for pmem. This leaves an
> opening to redress the section-size constraint.
> 
> To date, the libnvdimm subsystem has attempted to inject padding to
> satisfy the internal constraints of arch_add_memory(). Beyond
> complicating the code, leading to bugs [2], wasting memory, and limiting
> configuration flexibility, the padding hack is broken when the platform
> changes this physical memory alignment of pmem from one boot to the
> next. Device failure (intermittent or permanent) and physical
> reconfiguration are events that can cause the platform firmware to
> change the physical placement of pmem on a subsequent boot, and device
> failure is an everyday event in a data-center.
> 
> It turns out that sections are only a hard requirement of the
> user-facing interface for memory hotplug and with a bit more
> infrastructure sub-section arch_add_memory() support can be added for
> kernel internal usages like devm_memremap_pages(). Here is an analysis
> of the current design assumptions in the current code and how they are
> addressed in the new implementation:
> 
> Current design assumptions:
> 
> - Sections that describe boot memory (early sections) are never
>   unplugged / removed.
> 
> - pfn_valid(), in the CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y, case devolves to a
>   valid_section() check
> 
> - __add_pages() and helper routines assume all operations occur in
>   PAGES_PER_SECTION units.
> 
> - The memblock sysfs interface only comprehends full sections
> 
> New design assumptions:
> 
> - Sections are instrumented with a sub-section bitmask to track (on x86)
>   individual 2MB sub-divisions of a 128MB section.
> 
> - Partially populated early sections can be extended with additional
>   sub-sections, and those sub-sections can be removed with
>   arch_remove_memory(). With this in place we no longer lose usable memory
>   capacity to padding.
> 
> - pfn_valid() is updated to look deeper than valid_section() to also check the
>   active-sub-section mask. This indication is in the same cacheline as
>   the valid_section() so the performance impact is expected to be
>   negligible. So far the lkp robot has not reported any regressions.
> 
> - Outside of the core vmemmap population routines which are replaced,
>   other helper routines like shrink_{zone,pgdat}_span() are updated to
>   handle the smaller granularity. Core memory hotplug routines that deal
>   with online memory are not touched.
> 
> - The existing memblock sysfs user api guarantees / assumptions are
>   not touched since this capability is limited to !online
>   !memblock-sysfs-accessible sections.
> 
> Meanwhile the issue reports continue to roll in from users that do not
> understand when and how the 128MB constraint will bite them. The current
> implementation relied on being able to support at least one misaligned
> namespace, but that immediately falls over on any moderately complex
> namespace creation attempt. Beyond the initial problem of 'System RAM'
> colliding with pmem, and the unsolvable problem of physical alignment
> changes, Linux is now being exposed to platforms that collide pmem
> ranges with other pmem ranges by default [3]. In short,
> devm_memremap_pages() has pushed the venerable section-size constraint
> past the breaking point, and the simplicity of section-aligned
> arch_add_memory() is no longer tenable.
> 
> These patches are exposed to the kbuild robot on my libnvdimm-pending
> branch [4], and a preview of the unit test for this functionality is
> available on the 'subsection-pending' branch of ndctl [5].
> 
> [2]: https://lore.kernel.org/r/155000671719.348031.2347363160141119237.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
> [3]: https://github.com/pmem/ndctl/issues/76
> [4]: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/djbw/nvdimm.git/log/?h=libnvdimm-pending
> [5]: https://github.com/pmem/ndctl/commit/7c59b4867e1c
> 
> ---
> 
> Dan Williams (11):
>       mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
>       mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
>       mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone,pgdat}_span for sub-section removal
>       mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap()
>       mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages()
>       mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper
>       mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges
>       mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
>       mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap
>       libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields
>       libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment
> 
> Robin Murphy (1):
>       mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE
> 
> 
>  arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h |    3 
>  arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                |    4 
>  drivers/nvdimm/dax_devs.c            |    2 
>  drivers/nvdimm/pfn.h                 |   15 -
>  drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c            |   95 +++------
>  include/linux/memory_hotplug.h       |    7 -
>  include/linux/mm.h                   |    4 
>  include/linux/mmzone.h               |   93 +++++++--
>  kernel/memremap.c                    |   63 ++----
>  mm/hmm.c                             |    2 
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c                  |  172 +++++++++-------
>  mm/page_alloc.c                      |    8 -
>  mm/sparse-vmemmap.c                  |   21 +-
>  mm/sparse.c                          |  369 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  14 files changed, 511 insertions(+), 347 deletions(-)
> 

-- 
Sincerely yours,
Mike.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support
  2019-05-13 21:01 ` [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Mike Rapoport
@ 2019-05-13 21:11   ` Dan Williams
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-05-13 21:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mike Rapoport
  Cc: Andrew Morton, David Hildenbrand, Jane Chu, Michael Ellerman,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Robin Murphy,
	Anshuman Khandual, Logan Gunthorpe, Paul Mackerras, Toshi Kani,
	Oscar Salvador, Jeff Moyer, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka,
	stable, Jérôme Glisse, linux-nvdimm, Linux MM,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List

On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 2:02 PM Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Dan,
>
> On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 04:39:26PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> > Changes since v7 [1]:
>
> Sorry for jumping late

No worries, it needs to be rebased on David's "mm/memory_hotplug:
Factor out memory block device handling" series which puts it firmly
in v5.3 territory.

> but presuming there will be v9, it'd be great if it
> would also include include updates to
> Documentation/admin-guide/mm/memory-hotplug.rst and

If I've done my job right this series should be irrelevant to
Documentation/admin-guide/mm/memory-hotplug.rst. The subsection
capability is strictly limited to arch_add_memory() users that never
online the memory, i.e. only ZONE_DEVICE / devm_memremap_pages()
users. So this isn't "memory-hotplug" as much as it is "support for
subsection vmemmap management".

> Documentation/vm/memory-model.rst

This looks more fitting and should probably include a paragraph on the
general ZONE_DEVICE / devm_memremap_pages() use case.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug
  2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
@ 2019-06-04  4:47     ` Dan Williams
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2019-06-04  4:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Oscar Salvador
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, Logan Gunthorpe,
	Pavel Tatashin, linux-nvdimm, Linux MM,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List

On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 6:55 AM Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 04:40:14PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> >
> > +void subsection_mask_set(unsigned long *map, unsigned long pfn,
> > +             unsigned long nr_pages)
> > +{
> > +     int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
> > +     int end = subsection_map_index(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
> > +
> > +     bitmap_set(map, idx, end - idx + 1);
> > +}
> > +
> >  void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
> >  {
> >       int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
> > @@ -219,20 +235,17 @@ void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
> >               return;
> >
> >       for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
> > -             int idx, end;
> > -             unsigned long pfns;
> >               struct mem_section *ms;
> > +             unsigned long pfns;
> >
> > -             idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
> >               pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
> >                               - (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
> > -             end = subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1);
> > -
> >               ms = __nr_to_section(i);
> > -             bitmap_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, idx, end - idx + 1);
> > +             subsection_mask_set(ms->usage->subsection_map, pfn, pfns);
> >
> >               pr_debug("%s: sec: %d pfns: %ld set(%d, %d)\n", __func__, i,
> > -                             pfns, idx, end - idx + 1);
> > +                             pfns, subsection_map_index(pfn),
> > +                             subsection_map_index(pfn + pfns - 1));
>
> I would definetely add subsection_mask_set() and above change to Patch#3.
> I think it suits there better than here.

Yes, done.

>
> >
> >               pfn += pfns;
> >               nr_pages -= pfns;
> > @@ -319,6 +332,15 @@ static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
> >               unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
> >               struct mem_section_usage *usage)
> >  {
> > +     /*
> > +      * Given that SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y supports sub-section hotplug,
> > +      * ->section_mem_map can not be guaranteed to point to a full
> > +      *  section's worth of memory.  The field is only valid / used
> > +      *  in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=n case.
> > +      */
> > +     if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP))
> > +             mem_map = NULL;
> > +
> >       ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
> >       ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
> >                                                       SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
> > @@ -724,10 +746,142 @@ static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
> >  #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
> >  #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
> >
> > +#ifndef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
> > +static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *memmap)
> > +{
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +static bool is_early_section(struct mem_section *ms)
> > +{
> > +     struct page *usage_page;
> > +
> > +     usage_page = virt_to_page(ms->usage);
> > +     if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page))
> > +             return false;
> > +     else
> > +             return true;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
> > +             int nid, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> > +{
> > +     DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> > +     DECLARE_BITMAP(tmp, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> > +     struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
> > +     bool early_section = is_early_section(ms);
> > +     struct page *memmap = NULL;
> > +     unsigned long *subsection_map = ms->usage
> > +             ? &ms->usage->subsection_map[0] : NULL;
> > +
> > +     subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
> > +     if (subsection_map)
> > +             bitmap_and(tmp, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> > +
> > +     if (WARN(!subsection_map || !bitmap_equal(tmp, map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION),
> > +                             "section already deactivated (%#lx + %ld)\n",
> > +                             pfn, nr_pages))
> > +             return;
> > +
> > +     if (WARN(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
> > +                             && nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION,
> > +                             "partial memory section removal not supported\n"))
> > +             return;
> > +
> > +     /*
> > +      * There are 3 cases to handle across two configurations
> > +      * (SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n}):
> > +      *
> > +      * 1/ deactivation of a partial hot-added section (only possible
> > +      * in the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP=y case).
> > +      *    a/ section was present at memory init
> > +      *    b/ section was hot-added post memory init
> > +      * 2/ deactivation of a complete hot-added section
> > +      * 3/ deactivation of a complete section from memory init
> > +      *
> > +      * For 1/, when subsection_map does not empty we will not be
> > +      * freeing the usage map, but still need to free the vmemmap
> > +      * range.
> > +      *
> > +      * For 2/ and 3/ the SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP={y,n} cases are unified
> > +      */
> > +     bitmap_xor(subsection_map, map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> > +     if (bitmap_empty(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)) {
> > +             unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
> > +
> > +             if (!early_section) {
> > +                     kfree(ms->usage);
> > +                     ms->usage = NULL;
> > +             }
> > +             memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
> > +             ms->section_mem_map = sparse_encode_mem_map(NULL, section_nr);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     if (early_section && memmap)
> > +             free_map_bootmem(memmap);
> > +     else
> > +             depopulate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct page * __meminit section_activate(int nid, unsigned long pfn,
> > +             unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> > +{
> > +     DECLARE_BITMAP(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION) = { 0 };
> > +     struct mem_section *ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
> > +     struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
> > +     unsigned long *subsection_map;
> > +     struct page *memmap;
> > +     int rc = 0;
> > +
> > +     subsection_mask_set(map, pfn, nr_pages);
> > +
> > +     if (!ms->usage) {
> > +             usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +             if (!usage)
> > +                     return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +             ms->usage = usage;
> > +     }
> > +     subsection_map = &ms->usage->subsection_map[0];
> > +
> > +     if (bitmap_empty(map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
> > +             rc = -EINVAL;
> > +     else if (bitmap_intersects(map, subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION))
> > +             rc = -EEXIST;
> > +     else
> > +             bitmap_or(subsection_map, map, subsection_map,
> > +                             SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
> > +
> > +     if (rc) {
> > +             if (usage)
> > +                     ms->usage = NULL;
> > +             kfree(usage);
> > +             return ERR_PTR(rc);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     /*
> > +      * The early init code does not consider partially populated
> > +      * initial sections, it simply assumes that memory will never be
> > +      * referenced.  If we hot-add memory into such a section then we
> > +      * do not need to populate the memmap and can simply reuse what
> > +      * is already there.
> > +      */
> > +     if (nr_pages < PAGES_PER_SECTION && is_early_section(ms))
> > +             return pfn_to_page(pfn);
> > +
> > +     memmap = populate_section_memmap(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
> > +     if (!memmap) {
> > +             section_deactivate(pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
> > +             return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return memmap;
> > +}
>
> I do not really like this.
> Sub-section scheme is only available on CONFIG_SPARSE_VMEMMAP, so I would rather
> have two internal __section_{activate,deactivate} functions for sparse-vmemmap and
> sparse-non-vmemmap.
> That way, we can hide all detail implementation and sub-section dance behind
> the __section_{activate,deactivate} functions.

I don't see the win for doing that. The code would have 2 places to
check when making a change that might apply to both cases. If one
function can handle both configurations then it makes sense to keep
them unified. However, this did prompt me to go kill the unnecessary
WARN(!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP...) in section_deactivate()
since that is already covered by check_pfn_span() (formerly
subsection_check()).

>
> > +
> > @@ -741,49 +895,31 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
> >               unsigned long nr_pages, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> >  {
> >       unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
> > -     struct mem_section_usage *usage;
> >       struct mem_section *ms;
> >       struct page *memmap;
> >       int ret;
> >
> > -     /*
> > -      * no locking for this, because it does its own
> > -      * plus, it does a kmalloc
> > -      */
> >       ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
> >       if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
> >               return ret;
> > -     ret = 0;
> > -     memmap = populate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, nid,
> > -                     altmap);
> > -     if (!memmap)
> > -             return -ENOMEM;
> > -     usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
> > -     if (!usage) {
> > -             depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> > -             return -ENOMEM;
> > -     }
> >
> > -     ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
> > -     if (ms->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT) {
> > -             ret = -EEXIST;
> > -             goto out;
> > -     }
> > +     memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
> > +     if (IS_ERR(memmap))
> > +             return PTR_ERR(memmap);
> > +     ret = 0;
> >
> >       /*
> >        * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
> >        * combinations.
> >        */
> > -     page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
> > +     page_init_poison(pfn_to_page(start_pfn), sizeof(struct page) * nr_pages);
> >
> > +     ms = __pfn_to_section(start_pfn);
> >       section_mark_present(ms);
> > -     sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
> > +     sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
> >
> > -out:
> > -     if (ret < 0) {
> > -             kfree(usage);
> > -             depopulate_section_memmap(start_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION, altmap);
> > -     }
> > +     if (ret < 0)
> > +             section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
> >       return ret;
> >  }
>
> diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
> index 34f322d14e62..daeb2d7d8dd0 100644
> --- a/mm/sparse.c
> +++ b/mm/sparse.c
> @@ -900,13 +900,12 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
>         int ret;
>
>         ret = sparse_index_init(section_nr, nid);
> -       if (ret < 0 && ret != -EEXIST)
> +       if (ret < 0)
>                 return ret;
>
>         memmap = section_activate(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, altmap);
>         if (IS_ERR(memmap))
>                 return PTR_ERR(memmap);
> -       ret = 0;
>
>         /*
>          * Poison uninitialized struct pages in order to catch invalid flags
> @@ -918,8 +917,6 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
>         section_mark_present(ms);
>         sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, ms->usage);
>
> -       if (ret < 0)
> -               section_deactivate(start_pfn, nr_pages, nid, altmap);
>         return ret;
>  }

Done.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support
  2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-13 21:01 ` [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Mike Rapoport
@ 2019-06-04  7:41 ` Oscar Salvador
  13 siblings, 0 replies; 23+ messages in thread
From: Oscar Salvador @ 2019-06-04  7:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dan Williams
  Cc: akpm, David Hildenbrand, Jane Chu, Michael Ellerman,
	Pavel Tatashin, Benjamin Herrenschmidt, Robin Murphy,
	Anshuman Khandual, Logan Gunthorpe, Paul Mackerras, Toshi Kani,
	Jeff Moyer, Michal Hocko, Vlastimil Babka, stable,
	Jérôme Glisse, linux-nvdimm, linux-mm, linux-kernel

On Mon, May 06, 2019 at 04:39:26PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> Changes since v7 [1]:
> 
> - Make subsection helpers pfn based rather than physical-address based
>   (Oscar and Pavel)
> 
> - Make subsection bitmap definition scalable for different section and
>   sub-section sizes across architectures. As a result:
> 
>       unsigned long map_active
> 
>   ...is converted to:
> 
>       DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION)
> 
>   ...and the helpers are renamed with a 'subsection' prefix. (Pavel)
> 
> - New in this version is a touch of arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
>   in "[PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage"
>   to define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT.
> 
> - Drop "mm/sparsemem: Introduce common definitions for the size and mask
>   of a section" in favor of Robin's "mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate
>   SECTION_SIZE" (Pavel)
> 
> - Collect some more Reviewed-by tags. Patches that still lack review
>   tags: 1, 3, 9 - 12

Hi Dan,

are you planning to send V10 anytime soon?

After you addressed comments from Patch#9, the general implementation looks
fine to me and nothing sticked out from the other patches.
But I would rather wait to see v10 with the comments addressed before stamping
my Reviewed-by.

I am planning to fire my vmemmap patchset again [1], and I would like to re-base
it on top of this work, otherwise we will face many unnecessary collisions.

Thanks

[1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10875025/

-- 
Oscar Salvador
SUSE L3

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 23+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-06-04  7:41 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 23+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-05-06 23:39 [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage Dan Williams
2019-05-10 13:30   ` osalvador
2019-05-10 19:38     ` Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 02/12] mm/memremap: Rename and consolidate SECTION_SIZE Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot Dan Williams
2019-05-10 12:56   ` osalvador
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 04/12] mm/hotplug: Prepare shrink_{zone, pgdat}_span for sub-section removal Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 05/12] mm/sparsemem: Convert kmalloc_section_memmap() to populate_section_memmap() Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:39 ` [PATCH v8 06/12] mm/hotplug: Kill is_dev_zone() usage in __remove_pages() Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 07/12] mm: Kill is_dev_zone() helper Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 08/12] mm/sparsemem: Prepare for sub-section ranges Dan Williams
2019-05-10 13:00   ` osalvador
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 09/12] mm/sparsemem: Support sub-section hotplug Dan Williams
2019-05-08 23:15   ` Oscar Salvador
2019-05-13 13:54   ` Oscar Salvador
2019-06-04  4:47     ` Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 10/12] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Enable sub-section remap Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 11/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Fix fsdax-mode namespace info-block zero-fields Dan Williams
2019-05-06 23:40 ` [PATCH v8 12/12] libnvdimm/pfn: Stop padding pmem namespaces to section alignment Dan Williams
2019-05-13 21:01 ` [PATCH v8 00/12] mm: Sub-section memory hotplug support Mike Rapoport
2019-05-13 21:11   ` Dan Williams
2019-06-04  7:41 ` Oscar Salvador

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