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* [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers
@ 2019-05-17 20:34 Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency Viktor Rosendahl
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-17 20:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel
  Cc: Joel Fernandes, Viktor Rosendahl

Hello all,

Changes in v4:

- [PATCH 1/4]:
  * Improved support for multiple active trace instances by storing entries
    that cannot be notified immediately in a linked list instead of a
    single pointer. With multiple instances this could happen.

  * Register trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init() with late_initcall_sync().
    Previously it was piggy backed on tracer_init_tracefs() and it got
    called more than once.

  * Added some comments.

- [PATCH 3/4]:
  * Some of the code was incorrectly added in the next patch. Improved
    commit message.

- [PATCH 4/4]:
  * Some code from the previous patch was incorrectly included here.


This series is meant to address two issues with the latency tracing.

The first three patches provide a method to trace latencies that always
occurs very close to each other and to differentiate between them, in spite
of the fact that the latency tracers work in overwrite mode.

[PATCH 1/4] This implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency. It
makes it possible for userspace to detect when a new latency has been
detected.

[PATCH 2/4] This extends the preemptirq_delay_test module so that it can be
used to generate a burst of closely occurring latencies.

[PATCH 3/4] This adds a user space program to the tools directory that
utilizes the fs notification feature and a randomized algorithm to print out
any of the latencies in a burst with approximately equal probability.

The last patch is not directly connected but doesn't apply cleanly on
its own:

[PATCH 4/4] This adds the option console-latency to the trace options. This
makes it possible to enable tracing of console latencies.

best regards,

Viktor

Viktor Rosendahl (4):
  ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  preemptirq_delay_test: Add the burst feature and a sysfs trigger
  Add the latency-collector to tools
  ftrace: Add an option for tracing console latencies

 include/linux/irqflags.h             |   21 +
 include/trace/events/power.h         |   40 +
 include/trace/events/sched.h         |   40 +
 kernel/printk/printk.c               |    6 +-
 kernel/sched/core.c                  |    2 +
 kernel/sched/idle.c                  |    2 +
 kernel/trace/Kconfig                 |    6 +-
 kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c |  145 ++-
 kernel/trace/trace.c                 |  168 +++-
 kernel/trace/trace.h                 |   13 +
 kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c           |    4 +-
 kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c         |   12 +
 tools/Makefile                       |   14 +-
 tools/trace/Makefile                 |   20 +
 tools/trace/latency-collector.c      | 1211 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 15 files changed, 1671 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/trace/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/trace/latency-collector.c

-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-17 20:34 [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-17 20:34 ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-21 16:01   ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 2/4] preemptirq_delay_test: Add the burst feature and a sysfs trigger Viktor Rosendahl
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-17 20:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel
  Cc: Joel Fernandes, Viktor Rosendahl

This patch implements the feature that the tracing_max_latency file,
e.g. /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency will receive
notifications through the fsnotify framework when a new latency is
available.

One particularly interesting use of this facility is when enabling
threshold tracing, through /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_thresh,
together with the preempt/irqsoff tracers. This makes it possible to
implement a user space program that can, with equal probability,
obtain traces of latencies that occur immediately after each other in
spite of the fact that the preempt/irqsoff tracers operate in overwrite
mode.

This facility works with the hwlat, preempt/irqsoff, and wakeup
tracers.

This patch also add four new tracepoints, for entering/exiting
__schedule() and do_idle(). Those tracepoints are needed to disable
and enable the notificaton facility because we cannot wake up the
workqueue from these critical sections without risking a deadlock.
Similar problems would also arise if we try to schedule a tasklet,
raise a softirq, or wake up a kernel thread.

If a notification event would happen in the forbidden sections, we
schedule the fsnotify work as soon as we have exited
do_idle()/__schedule().

Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
---
 include/trace/events/power.h |  40 +++++++++
 include/trace/events/sched.h |  40 +++++++++
 kernel/sched/core.c          |   2 +
 kernel/sched/idle.c          |   2 +
 kernel/trace/trace.c         | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 kernel/trace/trace.h         |  12 +++
 kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c   |   4 +-
 7 files changed, 265 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/trace/events/power.h b/include/trace/events/power.h
index f7aece721aed..40ab747274bd 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/power.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/power.h
@@ -40,6 +40,46 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_idle,
 	TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id)
 );
 
+/*
+ * Tracepoint for entering do_idle():
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(do_idle_enter,
+
+	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
+
+	TP_ARGS(cpu),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__field(int, cpu)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__entry->cpu = cpu;
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
+);
+
+/*
+ * Tracepoint for exiting do_idle():
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(do_idle_exit,
+
+	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
+
+	TP_ARGS(cpu),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__field(int, cpu)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__entry->cpu = cpu;
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
+);
+
 TRACE_EVENT(powernv_throttle,
 
 	TP_PROTO(int chip_id, const char *reason, int pmax),
diff --git a/include/trace/events/sched.h b/include/trace/events/sched.h
index c8c7c7efb487..a1a1befea1c1 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/sched.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/sched.h
@@ -183,6 +183,46 @@ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch,
 		__entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio)
 );
 
+/*
+ * Tracepoint for entering __schedule():
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_enter,
+
+	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
+
+	TP_ARGS(cpu),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__field(int, cpu)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__entry->cpu = cpu;
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
+);
+
+/*
+ * Tracepoint for exiting __schedule():
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_exit,
+
+	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
+
+	TP_ARGS(cpu),
+
+	TP_STRUCT__entry(
+		__field(int, cpu)
+	),
+
+	TP_fast_assign(
+		__entry->cpu = cpu;
+	),
+
+	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
+);
+
 /*
  * Tracepoint for a task being migrated:
  */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 102dfcf0a29a..c9d86fcc48f5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
 	int cpu;
 
 	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	trace_sched_schedule_enter(cpu);
 	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
 	prev = rq->curr;
 
@@ -3448,6 +3449,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
 	}
 
 	balance_callback(rq);
+	trace_sched_schedule_exit(cpu);
 }
 
 void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
index f5516bae0c1b..e328e045c6e8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
@@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
 static void do_idle(void)
 {
 	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	trace_do_idle_enter(cpu);
 	/*
 	 * If the arch has a polling bit, we maintain an invariant:
 	 *
@@ -287,6 +288,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
 
 	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))
 		klp_update_patch_state(current);
+	trace_do_idle_exit(cpu);
 }
 
 bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc)
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 2c92b3d9ea30..72ac53a47b1e 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -44,6 +44,10 @@
 #include <linux/trace.h>
 #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
 #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
+#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <trace/events/power.h>
+#include <trace/events/sched.h>
 
 #include "trace.h"
 #include "trace_output.h"
@@ -1481,6 +1485,166 @@ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
 
 unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_thresh;
 
+#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+
+static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops;
+static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq;
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, notify_disabled) = 1;
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, notify_list);
+
+static void trace_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array,
+					      fsnotify_work);
+	fsnotify(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY,
+		 tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
+}
+
+static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr,
+				      struct dentry *d_tracer)
+{
+	INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, trace_fsnotify_workfn);
+	atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
+	tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644,
+					      d_tracer, &tr->max_latency,
+					      &tracing_max_lat_fops);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Disable fsnotify while in scheduler and idle code. Trying wake anything up
+ * from there, such as calling queue_work() is prone to deadlock.
+ */
+static inline void notrace trace_disable_fsnotify(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu) = 1;
+	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+static inline void notrace trace_enable_fsnotify(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	struct trace_array *tr;
+	struct llist_head *list;
+	struct llist_node *node;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu) = 0;
+	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	if (!per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu)) {
+		list = &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu);
+		for (node = llist_del_first(list); node != NULL;
+		     node = llist_del_first(list)) {
+			tr = llist_entry(node, struct trace_array, notify_ll);
+			atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
+			queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static void notrace probe_sched_enter(void *nihil, int cpu)
+{
+	trace_disable_fsnotify();
+}
+
+static void notrace probe_sched_exit(void *nihil, int cpu)
+{
+	trace_enable_fsnotify();
+}
+
+__init static int trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = register_trace_sched_schedule_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to sched_schedule_enter\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = register_trace_sched_schedule_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to sched_schedule_exit\n");
+		goto fail_deprobe_sched_enter;
+	}
+
+	ret = register_trace_do_idle_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to do_idle_enter\n");
+		goto fail_deprobe_sched_exit;
+	}
+
+	ret = register_trace_do_idle_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to do_idle_exit\n");
+		goto fail_deprobe_idle_enter;
+	}
+
+	fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq",
+				      WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
+	if (fsnotify_wq)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+	pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n");
+
+	unregister_trace_do_idle_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
+
+fail_deprobe_idle_enter:
+	unregister_trace_do_idle_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
+
+fail_deprobe_sched_exit:
+	unregister_trace_sched_schedule_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
+
+fail_deprobe_sched_enter:
+	unregister_trace_sched_schedule_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+late_initcall_sync(trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init);
+
+void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	if (!fsnotify_wq)
+		return;
+
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	if (!per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu))
+		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
+	else {
+		/*
+		 * notify_pending prevents us from adding the same entry to
+		 * more than one notify_list. It will get queued in
+		 * trace_enable_fsnotify()
+		 */
+		if (!atomic_xchg(&tr->notify_pending, 1))
+			llist_add(&tr->notify_ll, &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu));
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+ *  defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+ */
+#else
+
+#define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer)				\
+	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,	\
+			  &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops)
+
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
 /*
  * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
@@ -1519,6 +1683,7 @@ __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 
 	/* record this tasks comm */
 	tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
+	trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -8533,8 +8698,7 @@ init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer)
 	create_trace_options_dir(tr);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
-	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,
-			&tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops);
+	trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer);
 #endif
 
 	if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer))
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
index 1974ce818ddb..f95027813296 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 #include <linux/compiler.h>
 #include <linux/trace_seq.h>
 #include <linux/glob.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
 #include <asm/unistd.h>		/* For NR_SYSCALLS	     */
@@ -265,6 +266,12 @@ struct trace_array {
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
 	unsigned long		max_latency;
+#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
+	struct dentry		*d_max_latency;
+	struct work_struct	fsnotify_work;
+	atomic_t		notify_pending;
+	struct llist_node	notify_ll;
+#endif
 #endif
 	struct trace_pid_list	__rcu *filtered_pids;
 	/*
@@ -786,6 +793,11 @@ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr,
 			  struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu);
 #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
 
+#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr);
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
 void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip,
 		   int pc);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
index 1e6db9cbe4dc..44a47f81d949 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
@@ -254,8 +254,10 @@ static int get_sample(void)
 		trace_hwlat_sample(&s);
 
 		/* Keep a running maximum ever recorded hardware latency */
-		if (sample > tr->max_latency)
+		if (sample > tr->max_latency) {
 			tr->max_latency = sample;
+			trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
+		}
 	}
 
 out:
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 2/4] preemptirq_delay_test: Add the burst feature and a sysfs trigger
  2019-05-17 20:34 [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-17 20:34 ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 3/4] Add the latency-collector to tools Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 4/4] ftrace: Add an option for tracing console latencies Viktor Rosendahl
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-17 20:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel
  Cc: Joel Fernandes, Viktor Rosendahl

This burst feature enables the user to generate a burst of
preempt/irqsoff latencies. This makes it possible to test whether we
are able to detect latencies that systematically occur very close to
each other.

The maximum burst size is 10. We also create 10 identical test
functions, so that we get 10 different backtraces; this is useful
when we want to test whether we can detect all the latencies in a
burst. Otherwise, there would be no easy way of differentiating
between which latency in a burst was captured by the tracer.

In addition, there is a sysfs trigger, so that it's not necessary to
reload the module to repeat the test. The trigger will appear as
/sys/kernel/preemptirq_delay_test/trigger in sysfs.

Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
---
 kernel/trace/Kconfig                 |   6 +-
 kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c | 145 +++++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 129 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/Kconfig b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
index 5d965cef6c77..aab8909dfbff 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Kconfig
+++ b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
@@ -740,9 +740,9 @@ config PREEMPTIRQ_DELAY_TEST
 	  configurable delay. The module busy waits for the duration of the
 	  critical section.
 
-	  For example, the following invocation forces a one-time irq-disabled
-	  critical section for 500us:
-	  modprobe preemptirq_delay_test test_mode=irq delay=500000
+	  For example, the following invocation generates a burst of three
+	  irq-disabled critical sections for 500us:
+	  modprobe preemptirq_delay_test test_mode=irq delay=500 burst_size=3
 
 	  If unsure, say N
 
diff --git a/kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c b/kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c
index d8765c952fab..dc281fa75198 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/preemptirq_delay_test.c
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
  * Preempt / IRQ disable delay thread to test latency tracers
  *
  * Copyright (C) 2018 Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
+ * Copyright (C) 2018, 2019 BMW Car IT GmbH
  */
 
 #include <linux/trace_clock.h>
@@ -10,18 +11,25 @@
 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
 #include <linux/irq.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kobject.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/printk.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
 
 static ulong delay = 100;
-static char test_mode[10] = "irq";
+static char test_mode[12] = "irq";
+static uint burst_size = 1;
 
-module_param_named(delay, delay, ulong, S_IRUGO);
-module_param_string(test_mode, test_mode, 10, S_IRUGO);
-MODULE_PARM_DESC(delay, "Period in microseconds (100 uS default)");
-MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_mode, "Mode of the test such as preempt or irq (default irq)");
+module_param_named(delay, delay, ulong, 0444);
+module_param_string(test_mode, test_mode, 12, 0444);
+module_param_named(burst_size, burst_size, uint, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(delay, "Period in microseconds (100 us default)");
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_mode, "Mode of the test such as preempt, irq, or alternate (default irq)");
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(burst_size, "The size of a burst (default 1)");
+
+#define MIN(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y))
 
 static void busy_wait(ulong time)
 {
@@ -34,37 +42,136 @@ static void busy_wait(ulong time)
 	} while ((end - start) < (time * 1000));
 }
 
-static int preemptirq_delay_run(void *data)
+static __always_inline void irqoff_test(void)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
+	local_irq_save(flags);
+	busy_wait(delay);
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
 
-	if (!strcmp(test_mode, "irq")) {
-		local_irq_save(flags);
-		busy_wait(delay);
-		local_irq_restore(flags);
-	} else if (!strcmp(test_mode, "preempt")) {
-		preempt_disable();
-		busy_wait(delay);
-		preempt_enable();
+static __always_inline void preemptoff_test(void)
+{
+	preempt_disable();
+	busy_wait(delay);
+	preempt_enable();
+}
+
+static void execute_preemptirqtest(int idx)
+{
+	if (!strcmp(test_mode, "irq"))
+		irqoff_test();
+	else if (!strcmp(test_mode, "preempt"))
+		preemptoff_test();
+	else if (!strcmp(test_mode, "alternate")) {
+		if (idx % 2 == 0)
+			irqoff_test();
+		else
+			preemptoff_test();
 	}
+}
+
+#define DECLARE_TESTFN(POSTFIX)				\
+	static void preemptirqtest_##POSTFIX(int idx)	\
+	{						\
+		execute_preemptirqtest(idx);		\
+	}						\
 
+/*
+ * We create 10 different functions, so that we can get 10 different
+ * backtraces.
+ */
+DECLARE_TESTFN(0)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(1)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(2)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(3)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(4)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(5)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(6)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(7)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(8)
+DECLARE_TESTFN(9)
+
+static void (*testfuncs[])(int)  = {
+	preemptirqtest_0,
+	preemptirqtest_1,
+	preemptirqtest_2,
+	preemptirqtest_3,
+	preemptirqtest_4,
+	preemptirqtest_5,
+	preemptirqtest_6,
+	preemptirqtest_7,
+	preemptirqtest_8,
+	preemptirqtest_9,
+};
+
+#define NR_TEST_FUNCS ARRAY_SIZE(testfuncs)
+
+static int preemptirq_delay_run(void *data)
+{
+	int i;
+	int s = MIN(burst_size, NR_TEST_FUNCS);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < s; i++)
+		(testfuncs[i])(i);
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int __init preemptirq_delay_init(void)
+static struct task_struct *preemptirq_start_test(void)
 {
 	char task_name[50];
-	struct task_struct *test_task;
 
 	snprintf(task_name, sizeof(task_name), "%s_test", test_mode);
+	return kthread_run(preemptirq_delay_run, NULL, task_name);
+}
+
+
+static ssize_t trigger_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+			 const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	preemptirq_start_test();
+	return count;
+}
+
+static struct kobj_attribute trigger_attribute =
+	__ATTR(trigger, 0200, NULL, trigger_store);
+
+static struct attribute *attrs[] = {
+	&trigger_attribute.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group attr_group = {
+	.attrs = attrs,
+};
+
+static struct kobject *preemptirq_delay_kobj;
+
+static int __init preemptirq_delay_init(void)
+{
+	struct task_struct *test_task;
+	int retval;
+
+	test_task = preemptirq_start_test();
+	retval = PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(test_task);
+	if (retval != 0)
+		return retval;
+
+	preemptirq_delay_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("preemptirq_delay_test",
+						       kernel_kobj);
+	if (!preemptirq_delay_kobj)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	retval = sysfs_create_group(preemptirq_delay_kobj, &attr_group);
+	if (retval)
+		kobject_put(preemptirq_delay_kobj);
 
-	test_task = kthread_run(preemptirq_delay_run, NULL, task_name);
-	return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(test_task);
+	return retval;
 }
 
 static void __exit preemptirq_delay_exit(void)
 {
-	return;
+	kobject_put(preemptirq_delay_kobj);
 }
 
 module_init(preemptirq_delay_init)
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 3/4] Add the latency-collector to tools
  2019-05-17 20:34 [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 2/4] preemptirq_delay_test: Add the burst feature and a sysfs trigger Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-17 20:34 ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 4/4] ftrace: Add an option for tracing console latencies Viktor Rosendahl
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-17 20:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel
  Cc: Joel Fernandes, Viktor Rosendahl

This is a tool that is intended to work around the fact that the
preemptoff, irqsoff, and preemptirqsoff tracers only work in
overwrite mode. The idea is to act randomly in such a way that we
do not systematically lose any latencies, so that if enough testing
is done, all latencies will be captured. If the same burst of
latencies is repeated, then sooner or later we will have captured all
the latencies.

It also works with the wakeup_dl, wakeup_rt, wakeup, and hwlat tracers.
However, in that case it is probably not useful to use the random
sleep functionality.

The reason why it may be desirable to catch all latencies with a long
test campaign is that for some organizations, it's necessary to test
the kernel in the field and not practical for developers to work
iteratively with field testers. Because of cost and project schedules
it is not possible to start a new test campaign every time a latency
problem has been fixed.

It uses inotify to detect changes to /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace.
When a latency is detected, it will either sleep or print
immediately, depending on a function that act as an unfair coin
toss.

If immediate print is chosen, it means that we open
/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace and thereby cause a blackout period
that will hide any subsequent latencies.

If sleep is chosen, it means that we wait before opening
/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace, by default for 1000 ms, to see if
there is another latency during this period. If there is, then we will
lose the previous latency. The coin will be tossed again with a
different probability, and we will either print the new latency, or
possibly a subsequent one.

The probability for the unfair coin toss is chosen so that there
is equal probability to obtain any of the latencies in a burst.
However, this assumes that we make an assumption of how many
latencies there can be. By default  the program assumes that there
are no more than 2 latencies in a burst, the probability of immediate
printout will be:

1/2 and 1

Thus, the probability of getting each of the two latencies will be 1/2.

If we ever find that there is more than one latency in a series,
meaning that we reach the probability of 1, then the table will be
expanded to:

1/3, 1/2, and 1

Thus, we assume that there are no more than three latencies and each
with a probability of 1/3 of being captured. If the probability of 1
is reached in the new table, that is we see more than two closely
occurring latencies, then the table will again be extended, and so
on.

On my systems, it seems like this scheme works fairly well, as
long as the latencies we trace are long enough, 300 us seems to be
enough. This userspace program receive the inotify event at the end
of a latency, and it has time until the end of the next latency
to react, that is to open /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace. Thus,
if we trace latencies that are >300 us, then we have at least 300 us
to react.

The minimum latency will of course not be 300 us on all systems, it
will depend on the hardware, kernel version, workload and
configuration.

Example output:

root@myhost:~# echo 100 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_thresh
root@myhost:~# echo preemptirqsoff > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/current_tracer
root@myhost:~# latency-collector -rvv -a 11 &
[1] 4915
root@myhost:~# Running with policy rr and priority 99. Using 3 print threads.
/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace will be printed with random delay
Start size of the probability table:                    11
Print a message when prob. table table changes size:    true
Print a warning when an event has been lost:            true
Sleep time is:                                          1000 ms
Initializing probability table to 11
Thread 4916 runs with policy rr and priority 99
Thread 4917 runs with policy rr and priority 99
Thread 4918 runs with policy rr and priority 99
Thread 4919 runs with policy rr and priority 99

root@myhost:~# modprobe preemptirq_delay_test delay=105 test_mode=alternate burst_size=10
2850.638308 Latency 1 printout skipped due to random delay
2850.638383 Latency 2 printout skipped due to random delay
2850.638497 Latency 3 immediate print
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> BEGIN <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
alternat-4922    6d...    0us!: execute_preemptirqtest <-preemptirqtest_2
alternat-4922    6d...  106us : execute_preemptirqtest <-preemptirqtest_2
alternat-4922    6d...  106us : tracer_hardirqs_on <-preemptirqtest_2
alternat-4922    6d...  108us : <stack trace>
 => preemptirqtest_2
 => preemptirq_delay_run
 => kthread
 => ret_from_fork
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> END <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<

In the example above, we randomly, happened to get the third latency
in a burst burst of 10. If the experiment is repeated enough times,
we will get all 10.

Sometimes, there will be lost latencies, so that we get:

3054.078294 Latency 44 printout skipped due to inotify loop
..or:

3211.957685 Latency 112 printout skipped due to print loop

In my experience, these are not frequent enough to be a problem.

Also, we do not really lose any latency in these cases, it's
more like we get another latency than what was intended by
the design.

Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
---
 tools/Makefile                  |   14 +-
 tools/trace/Makefile            |   20 +
 tools/trace/latency-collector.c | 1211 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 1239 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/trace/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/trace/latency-collector.c

diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index 3dfd72ae6c1a..f7465abf3a0a 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ help:
 	@echo '  spi                    - spi tools'
 	@echo '  objtool                - an ELF object analysis tool'
 	@echo '  tmon                   - thermal monitoring and tuning tool'
+	@echo '  trace                  - misc tracing tools'
 	@echo '  turbostat              - Intel CPU idle stats and freq reporting tool'
 	@echo '  usb                    - USB testing tools'
 	@echo '  virtio                 - vhost test module'
@@ -62,7 +63,7 @@ acpi: FORCE
 cpupower: FORCE
 	$(call descend,power/$@)
 
-cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm bpf iio gpio objtool leds wmi pci firmware debugging: FORCE
+cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm bpf iio gpio objtool leds wmi pci firmware debugging trace: FORCE
 	$(call descend,$@)
 
 liblockdep: FORCE
@@ -98,7 +99,7 @@ all: acpi cgroup cpupower gpio hv firewire liblockdep \
 		perf selftests spi turbostat usb \
 		virtio vm bpf x86_energy_perf_policy \
 		tmon freefall iio objtool kvm_stat wmi \
-		pci debugging
+		pci debugging trace
 
 acpi_install:
 	$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
@@ -106,7 +107,7 @@ acpi_install:
 cpupower_install:
 	$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
 
-cgroup_install firewire_install gpio_install hv_install iio_install perf_install spi_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install bpf_install objtool_install wmi_install pci_install debugging_install:
+cgroup_install firewire_install gpio_install hv_install iio_install perf_install spi_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install bpf_install objtool_install wmi_install pci_install debugging_install trace_install:
 	$(call descend,$(@:_install=),install)
 
 liblockdep_install:
@@ -132,7 +133,7 @@ install: acpi_install cgroup_install cpupower_install gpio_install \
 		perf_install selftests_install turbostat_install usb_install \
 		virtio_install vm_install bpf_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install \
 		tmon_install freefall_install objtool_install kvm_stat_install \
-		wmi_install pci_install debugging_install
+		wmi_install pci_install debugging_install trace_install
 
 acpi_clean:
 	$(call descend,power/acpi,clean)
@@ -140,7 +141,7 @@ acpi_clean:
 cpupower_clean:
 	$(call descend,power/cpupower,clean)
 
-cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean wmi_clean bpf_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean pci_clean firmware_clean debugging_clean:
+cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean wmi_clean bpf_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean pci_clean firmware_clean debugging_clean trace_clean:
 	$(call descend,$(@:_clean=),clean)
 
 liblockdep_clean:
@@ -178,6 +179,7 @@ clean: acpi_clean cgroup_clean cpupower_clean hv_clean firewire_clean \
 		perf_clean selftests_clean turbostat_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean \
 		vm_clean bpf_clean iio_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean tmon_clean \
 		freefall_clean build_clean libbpf_clean libsubcmd_clean liblockdep_clean \
-		gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean wmi_clean pci_clean firmware_clean debugging_clean
+		gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean wmi_clean pci_clean firmware_clean \
+		debugging_clean trace_clean
 
 .PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/tools/trace/Makefile b/tools/trace/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..59cd483ab01f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/trace/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Makefile for vm tools
+#
+TARGETS = latency-collector
+CFLAGS = -Wall -Wextra -g -O2
+LDFLAGS = -lpthread
+
+all: $(TARGETS)
+
+%: %.c
+	$(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $< $(LDFLAGS)
+
+clean:
+	$(RM) latency-collector
+
+sbindir ?= /usr/sbin
+
+install: all
+	install -d $(DESTDIR)$(sbindir)
+	install -m 755 -p $(TARGETS) $(DESTDIR)$(sbindir)
diff --git a/tools/trace/latency-collector.c b/tools/trace/latency-collector.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8cf3c74d998f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/trace/latency-collector.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1211 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017, 2018, 2019 BMW Car IT GmbH
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#define _POSIX_C_SOURCE 200809L
+
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include <err.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <linux/unistd.h>
+#include <sys/inotify.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+
+static const char *prg_name;
+static const char *prg_unknown = "unknown program name";
+
+static int fd_stdout;
+
+/* These are default values */
+static int sched_policy;
+static bool sched_policy_set;
+
+static int sched_pri;
+static bool sched_pri_set;
+
+static bool trace_enable = true;
+static bool use_random_sleep;
+
+static char inotify_buffer[655360];
+
+#define likely(x)      __builtin_expect(!!(x), 1)
+#define unlikely(x)    __builtin_expect(!!(x), 0)
+#define bool2str(x)    (x ? "true":"false")
+
+#define DEFAULT_NR_PRINTER_THREADS (3)
+static unsigned int nr_threads = DEFAULT_NR_PRINTER_THREADS;
+
+#define DEFAULT_TABLE_SIZE (2)
+static unsigned int table_startsize = DEFAULT_TABLE_SIZE;
+
+static int verbosity;
+
+#define verbose_sizechange() (verbosity >= 1)
+#define verbose_lostevent()  (verbosity >= 2)
+
+static const char *debug_tracefile;
+static const char *debug_tracefile_dflt = "/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace";
+static const char *debug_maxlat_file;
+static const char *debug_maxlat_dflt =
+	"/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency";
+
+
+#define DEV_URANDOM     "/dev/urandom"
+#define RT_DEFAULT_PRI (99)
+#define DEFAULT_PRI    (0)
+
+#define USEC_PER_MSEC (1000L)
+#define NSEC_PER_USEC (1000L)
+#define NSEC_PER_MSEC (USEC_PER_MSEC * NSEC_PER_USEC)
+
+#define MSEC_PER_SEC (1000L)
+#define USEC_PER_SEC (USEC_PER_MSEC * MSEC_PER_SEC)
+#define NSEC_PER_SEC (NSEC_PER_MSEC * MSEC_PER_SEC)
+
+#define SLEEP_TIME_MS_DEFAULT (1000L)
+
+static long sleep_time = (USEC_PER_MSEC * SLEEP_TIME_MS_DEFAULT);
+
+static char queue_full_warning[] =
+"Could not queue trace for printing. It is likely that events happen faster\n"
+"than what they can be printed. Probably partly because of random sleeping\n";
+
+
+struct policy {
+	const char *name;
+	int policy;
+	int default_pri;
+};
+
+static const struct policy policies[] = {
+	{ "other", SCHED_OTHER, DEFAULT_PRI    },
+	{ "batch", SCHED_BATCH, DEFAULT_PRI    },
+	{ "idle",  SCHED_IDLE,  DEFAULT_PRI    },
+	{ "rr",    SCHED_RR,    RT_DEFAULT_PRI },
+	{ "fifo",  SCHED_FIFO,  RT_DEFAULT_PRI },
+	{ NULL,    0,           DEFAULT_PRI    }
+};
+
+struct entry {
+	int ticket;
+	int ticket_completed_ref;
+};
+
+struct print_state {
+	int ticket_counter;
+	int ticket_completed;
+	pthread_mutex_t mutex;
+	pthread_cond_t cond;
+	int cnt;
+	pthread_mutex_t cnt_mutex;
+};
+
+struct short_msg {
+	char buf[160];
+	int len;
+};
+
+static struct print_state printstate;
+
+#define PROB_TABLE_MAX_SIZE (1000)
+
+int probabilities[PROB_TABLE_MAX_SIZE];
+
+struct sleep_table {
+	int *table;
+	int size;
+	pthread_mutex_t mutex;
+};
+
+static struct sleep_table sleeptable;
+
+#define QUEUE_SIZE (10)
+
+struct queue {
+	struct entry entries[QUEUE_SIZE];
+	int next_prod_idx;
+	int next_cons_idx;
+	pthread_mutex_t mutex;
+	pthread_cond_t cond;
+};
+
+#define MAX_THREADS (40)
+
+struct queue printqueue;
+pthread_t printthread[MAX_THREADS];
+pthread_mutex_t print_mtx = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
+#define PRINT_BUFFER_SIZE (16 * 1024 * 1024)
+
+static __always_inline void *malloc_or_die(size_t size)
+{
+	void *ptr = malloc(size);
+
+	if (ptr == NULL)
+		err(0, "malloc() failed");
+	return ptr;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void write_or_die(int fd, const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	ssize_t r;
+
+	do {
+		r = write(fd, buf, count);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			if (errno == EINTR)
+				continue;
+			err(0, "write() failed");
+		}
+		count -= r;
+		buf += r;
+	} while (count > 0);
+}
+
+static __always_inline void clock_gettime_or_die(clockid_t clk_id,
+						 struct timespec *tp)
+{
+	int r = clock_gettime(clk_id, tp);
+
+	if (r != 0)
+		err(0, "clock_gettime() failed");
+}
+
+static void open_stdout(void)
+{
+	if (setvbuf(stdout, NULL, _IONBF, 0) != 0)
+		err(0, "setvbuf() failed");
+	fd_stdout = fileno(stdout);
+	if (fd_stdout < 0)
+		err(0, "fileno() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void get_time_in_future(struct timespec *future,
+					       long time_us)
+{
+	long nsec;
+
+	clock_gettime_or_die(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, future);
+	future->tv_sec += time_us / USEC_PER_SEC;
+	nsec = future->tv_nsec + (time_us * NSEC_PER_USEC) % NSEC_PER_SEC;
+	if (nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) {
+		future->tv_nsec = nsec % NSEC_PER_SEC;
+		future->tv_sec += 1;
+	}
+}
+
+static __always_inline bool time_has_passed(const struct timespec *time)
+{
+	struct timespec now;
+
+	clock_gettime_or_die(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &now);
+	if (now.tv_sec > time->tv_sec)
+		return true;
+	if (now.tv_sec < time->tv_sec)
+		return false;
+	return (now.tv_nsec >= time->tv_nsec);
+}
+
+static void init_printstate(void)
+{
+	pthread_condattr_t attr;
+
+	printstate.ticket_counter = 0;
+	printstate.ticket_completed = 0;
+	printstate.cnt = 0;
+
+	if (pthread_mutex_init(&printstate.mutex, NULL) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_init() failed");
+
+	if (pthread_mutex_init(&printstate.cnt_mutex, NULL) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_init() failed");
+
+	if (pthread_condattr_init(&attr) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_condattr_init()");
+
+	if (pthread_condattr_setclock(&attr, CLOCK_MONOTONIC) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_condattr_setclock()");
+
+	if (pthread_cond_init(&printstate.cond, &attr) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_init() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void mutex_lock(pthread_mutex_t *mtx)
+{
+	if (pthread_mutex_lock(mtx) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_lock() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void mutex_unlock(pthread_mutex_t *mtx)
+{
+	if (pthread_mutex_unlock(mtx) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_unlock() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void cond_signal(pthread_cond_t *cond)
+{
+	if (pthread_cond_signal(cond) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_signal() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void cond_broadcast(pthread_cond_t *cond)
+{
+	if (pthread_cond_broadcast(cond) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_broadcast() failed");
+}
+
+static int printstate_next_ticket(struct entry *req)
+{
+	int r;
+
+	r = ++(printstate.ticket_counter);
+	req->ticket = r;
+	req->ticket_completed_ref = printstate.ticket_completed;
+	cond_broadcast(&printstate.cond);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+void printstate_mark_req_completed(const struct entry *req)
+{
+	if (req->ticket > printstate.ticket_completed)
+		printstate.ticket_completed = req->ticket;
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+bool printstate_has_new_req_arrived(const struct entry *req)
+{
+	return (printstate.ticket_counter != req->ticket);
+}
+
+static __always_inline int printstate_cnt_inc(void)
+{
+	int value;
+
+	mutex_lock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	value = ++printstate.cnt;
+	mutex_unlock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	return value;
+}
+
+static __always_inline int printstate_cnt_dec(void)
+{
+	int value;
+
+	mutex_lock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	value = --printstate.cnt;
+	mutex_unlock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	return value;
+}
+
+static __always_inline int printstate_cnt_read(void)
+{
+	int value;
+
+	mutex_lock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	value = printstate.cnt;
+	mutex_unlock(&printstate.cnt_mutex);
+	return value;
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+bool prev_req_won_race(const struct entry *req)
+{
+	return (printstate.ticket_completed != req->ticket_completed_ref);
+}
+
+static void sleeptable_resize(int size, bool printout, struct short_msg *msg)
+{
+	int bytes;
+
+	if (printout) {
+		msg->len = 0;
+		if (unlikely(size > PROB_TABLE_MAX_SIZE))
+			bytes = snprintf(msg->buf, sizeof(msg->buf),
+"Cannot increase probability table to %d (maximum size reached)\n", size);
+		else
+			bytes = snprintf(msg->buf, sizeof(msg->buf),
+"Increasing probability table to %d\n", size);
+		if (bytes < 0)
+			warn("snprintf() failed");
+		else
+			msg->len = bytes;
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(size < 0)) {
+		/* Should never happen */
+		errx(0, "Bad program state at %s:%d", __FILE__, __LINE__);
+		return;
+	}
+	sleeptable.size = size;
+	sleeptable.table = &probabilities[PROB_TABLE_MAX_SIZE - size];
+}
+
+static void init_probabilities(void)
+{
+	int i;
+	int j = 1000;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < PROB_TABLE_MAX_SIZE; i++) {
+		probabilities[i] = 1000 / j;
+		j--;
+	}
+	if (pthread_mutex_init(&sleeptable.mutex, NULL) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_init() failed");
+}
+
+static int table_get_probability(const struct entry *req,
+				 struct short_msg *msg)
+{
+	int diff = req->ticket - req->ticket_completed_ref;
+	int rval = 0;
+
+	msg->len = 0;
+	diff--;
+	/* Should never happen...*/
+	if (diff < 0)
+		errx(0, "Programmer assumption error at %s:%d\n", __FILE__,
+		     __LINE__);
+	mutex_lock(&sleeptable.mutex);
+	if (diff >= (sleeptable.size - 1)) {
+		rval = sleeptable.table[sleeptable.size - 1];
+		sleeptable_resize(sleeptable.size + 1, verbose_sizechange(),
+				  msg);
+	} else {
+		rval = sleeptable.table[diff];
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&sleeptable.mutex);
+	return rval;
+}
+
+static void init_queue(struct queue *q)
+{
+	q->next_prod_idx = 0;
+	q->next_cons_idx = 0;
+	if (pthread_mutex_init(&q->mutex, NULL) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_mutex_init() failed");
+	if (pthread_cond_init(&q->cond, NULL) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_init() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline int queue_len(const struct queue *q)
+{
+	if (q->next_prod_idx >= q->next_cons_idx)
+		return q->next_prod_idx - q->next_cons_idx;
+	else
+		return QUEUE_SIZE - q->next_cons_idx + q->next_prod_idx;
+}
+
+static __always_inline int queue_nr_free(const struct queue *q)
+{
+	int nr_free = QUEUE_SIZE - queue_len(q);
+
+	/*
+	 * If there is only one slot left we will anyway lie and claim that the
+	 * queue is full because adding an element will make it appear empty
+	 */
+	if (nr_free == 1)
+		nr_free = 0;
+	return nr_free;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void queue_idx_inc(int *idx)
+{
+	*idx = (*idx + 1) % QUEUE_SIZE;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void queue_push_to_back(struct queue *q,
+					      const struct entry *e)
+{
+	q->entries[q->next_prod_idx] = *e;
+	queue_idx_inc(&q->next_prod_idx);
+}
+
+static __always_inline struct entry queue_pop_from_front(struct queue *q)
+{
+	struct entry e = q->entries[q->next_cons_idx];
+
+	queue_idx_inc(&q->next_cons_idx);
+	return e;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void queue_cond_signal(struct queue *q)
+{
+	if (pthread_cond_signal(&q->cond) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_signal() failed");
+}
+
+static __always_inline void queue_cond_wait(struct queue *q)
+{
+	if (pthread_cond_wait(&q->cond, &q->mutex) != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_cond_wait() failed");
+}
+
+
+static __always_inline int queue_try_to_add_entry(struct queue *q,
+						  const struct entry *e)
+{
+	int r = 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&q->mutex);
+	if (queue_nr_free(q) > 0) {
+		queue_push_to_back(q, e);
+		cond_signal(&q->cond);
+	} else
+		r = -1;
+	mutex_unlock(&q->mutex);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static struct entry queue_wait_for_entry(struct queue *q)
+{
+	struct entry e;
+
+	mutex_lock(&q->mutex);
+	while (true) {
+		if (queue_len(&printqueue) > 0) {
+			e = queue_pop_from_front(q);
+			break;
+		}
+		queue_cond_wait(q);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&q->mutex);
+
+	return e;
+}
+
+static const struct policy *policy_from_name(const char *name)
+{
+	const struct policy *p = &policies[0];
+
+	while (p->name != NULL) {
+		if (!strcmp(name, p->name))
+			return p;
+		p++;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static const char *policy_name(int policy)
+{
+	const struct policy *p = &policies[0];
+	static const char *rval = "unknown";
+
+	while (p->name != NULL) {
+		if (p->policy == policy)
+			return p->name;
+		p++;
+	}
+	return rval;
+}
+
+static bool toss_coin(struct drand48_data *buffer, unsigned int prob)
+{
+	long r;
+
+	if (lrand48_r(buffer, &r) != 0)
+		err(0, "lrand48_r() failed");
+	r = r % 1000L;
+	if (r < prob)
+		return true;
+	else
+		return false;
+}
+
+
+static long go_to_sleep(const struct entry *req)
+{
+	struct timespec future;
+	long delay = sleep_time;
+
+	get_time_in_future(&future, delay);
+
+	mutex_lock(&printstate.mutex);
+	while (!printstate_has_new_req_arrived(req)) {
+		if (pthread_cond_timedwait(&printstate.cond, &printstate.mutex,
+					   &future) != 0) {
+			if (errno != ETIMEDOUT && errno != 0)
+				err(0, "pthread_cond_timedwait() %d", errno);
+		}
+		if (time_has_passed(&future))
+			break;
+	};
+
+	if (printstate_has_new_req_arrived(req))
+		delay = -1;
+	mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+
+	return delay;
+}
+
+
+static void set_priority(void)
+{
+	int r;
+	pid_t pid;
+	struct sched_param param;
+
+	memset(&param, 0, sizeof(param));
+	param.sched_priority = sched_pri;
+
+	pid = getpid();
+	r = sched_setscheduler(pid, sched_policy, &param);
+
+	if (r != 0)
+		err(0, "sched_setscheduler() failed");
+}
+
+pid_t latency_collector_gettid(void)
+{
+	return (pid_t) syscall(__NR_gettid);
+}
+
+static void print_priority(void)
+{
+	pid_t tid;
+	int policy;
+	int r;
+	struct sched_param param;
+
+	tid = latency_collector_gettid();
+	r = pthread_getschedparam(pthread_self(), &policy, &param);
+	if (r != 0)
+		err(0, "pthread_getschedparam() failed");
+	mutex_lock(&print_mtx);
+	printf("Thread %d runs with scheduling policy %s and priority %d\n",
+	       tid, policy_name(policy), param.sched_priority);
+	mutex_unlock(&print_mtx);
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+void __print_skipmessage(const struct short_msg *resize_msg,
+			 const struct timespec *timestamp, char *buffer,
+			 size_t bufspace, const struct entry *req, bool excuse,
+			 const char *str)
+{
+	ssize_t bytes = 0;
+	char *p = &buffer[0];
+	long us, sec;
+	int r;
+
+	sec = timestamp->tv_sec;
+	us = timestamp->tv_nsec / 1000;
+
+	if (resize_msg != NULL && resize_msg->len > 0) {
+		strncpy(p, resize_msg->buf, resize_msg->len);
+		bytes += resize_msg->len;
+		p += resize_msg->len;
+		bufspace -= resize_msg->len;
+	}
+
+	if (excuse)
+		r = snprintf(p, bufspace,
+"%ld.%06ld Latency %d printout skipped due to %s\n",
+			     sec, us, req->ticket, str);
+	else
+		r = snprintf(p, bufspace, "%ld.%06ld Latency %d detected\n",
+			    sec, us, req->ticket);
+
+	if (r < 0)
+		warn("snprintf() failed");
+	else
+		bytes += r;
+
+	/* These prints could happen concurrently */
+	mutex_lock(&print_mtx);
+	write_or_die(fd_stdout, buffer, bytes);
+	mutex_unlock(&print_mtx);
+}
+
+static void print_skipmessage(const struct short_msg *resize_msg,
+			      const struct timespec *timestamp, char *buffer,
+			      size_t bufspace, const struct entry *req,
+			      bool excuse)
+{
+	__print_skipmessage(resize_msg, timestamp, buffer, bufspace, req,
+			    excuse, "random delay");
+}
+
+static void print_lostmessage(const struct timespec *timestamp, char *buffer,
+			      size_t bufspace, const struct entry *req,
+			      const char *reason)
+{
+	__print_skipmessage(NULL, timestamp, buffer, bufspace, req, true,
+			    reason);
+}
+
+static void print_tracefile(const struct short_msg *resize_msg,
+			    const struct timespec *timestamp, char *buffer,
+			    size_t bufspace, long slept,
+			    const struct entry *req)
+{
+	static const int reserve = 256;
+	char *p = &buffer[0];
+	ssize_t bytes = 0;
+	ssize_t bytes_tot = 0;
+	long us, sec;
+	long slept_ms;
+	int trace_fd;
+
+	/* Save some space for the final string and final null char */
+	bufspace = bufspace - reserve - 1;
+
+	if (resize_msg != NULL && resize_msg->len > 0) {
+		bytes = resize_msg->len;
+		strncpy(p, resize_msg->buf, bytes);
+		bytes_tot += bytes;
+		p += bytes;
+		bufspace -= bytes;
+	}
+
+	trace_fd = open(debug_tracefile, O_RDONLY);
+
+	if (trace_fd < 0) {
+		warn("open() failed on %s", debug_tracefile);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	sec = timestamp->tv_sec;
+	us = timestamp->tv_nsec / 1000;
+
+	if (slept != 0) {
+		slept_ms = slept / 1000;
+		bytes = snprintf(p, bufspace,
+"%ld.%06ld Latency %d randomly sleep for %ld ms before print\n",
+				 sec, us, req->ticket, slept_ms);
+	} else {
+		bytes = snprintf(p, bufspace,
+				 "%ld.%06ld Latency %d immediate print\n", sec,
+				 us, req->ticket);
+	}
+
+	if (bytes < 0) {
+		warn("snprintf() failed");
+		return;
+	}
+	p += bytes;
+	bufspace -= bytes;
+	bytes_tot += bytes;
+
+	bytes = snprintf(p, bufspace,
+">>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> BEGIN <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<\n"
+		);
+
+	if (bytes < 0) {
+		warn("snprintf() failed");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	p += bytes;
+	bufspace -= bytes;
+	bytes_tot += bytes;
+
+	do {
+		bytes = read(trace_fd, p, bufspace);
+		if (bytes < 0) {
+			if (errno == EINTR)
+				continue;
+			warn("read() failed on %s", debug_tracefile);
+			if (close(trace_fd) != 0)
+				warn("close() failed on %s", debug_tracefile);
+			return;
+		}
+		if (bytes == 0)
+			break;
+		p += bytes;
+		bufspace -= bytes;
+		bytes_tot += bytes;
+	} while (true);
+
+	if (close(trace_fd) != 0)
+		warn("close() failed on %s", debug_tracefile);
+
+	printstate_cnt_dec();
+	/* Add the reserve space back to the budget for the final string */
+	bufspace += reserve;
+
+	bytes = snprintf(p, bufspace,
+			 ">>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> END <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<\n\n");
+
+	if (bytes < 0) {
+		warn("snprintf() failed");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	bytes_tot += bytes;
+
+	/* These prints could happen concurrently */
+	mutex_lock(&print_mtx);
+	write_or_die(fd_stdout, buffer, bytes_tot);
+	mutex_unlock(&print_mtx);
+}
+
+static void do_jittertest(void)
+{
+	int ifd = inotify_init();
+	int wd;
+	const ssize_t bufsize = sizeof(inotify_buffer);
+	const ssize_t istructsize = sizeof(struct inotify_event);
+	char *buf = &inotify_buffer[0];
+	ssize_t nr_read;
+	char *p;
+	int modified;
+	struct inotify_event *event;
+	struct entry req;
+	char *buffer;
+	const size_t bufspace = PRINT_BUFFER_SIZE;
+	struct timespec timestamp;
+
+	print_priority();
+
+	buffer = malloc_or_die(bufspace);
+
+	if (ifd < 0)
+		err(0, "inotify_init() failed!");
+
+	wd = inotify_add_watch(ifd, debug_maxlat_file, IN_MODIFY);
+	if (wd < 0)
+		err(0, "inotify_add_watch() failed!");
+
+	while (true) {
+		modified = 0;
+		nr_read = read(ifd, buf, bufsize);
+		if (nr_read <= 0)
+			err(0, "read() failed on inotify fd!");
+		if (nr_read == bufsize)
+			warnx("inotify() buffer filled, skipping events");
+		if (nr_read < istructsize)
+			errx(0, "read() returned too few bytes on inotify fd");
+
+		for (p = buf; p < buf + nr_read;) {
+			event = (struct inotify_event *) p;
+			if ((event->mask & IN_MODIFY) != 0)
+				modified++;
+			p += istructsize + event->len;
+		}
+		while (modified > 0) {
+			mutex_lock(&printstate.mutex);
+			printstate_next_ticket(&req);
+			if (printstate_cnt_read() > 0) {
+				printstate_mark_req_completed(&req);
+				mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+				if (verbose_lostevent()) {
+					clock_gettime_or_die(CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
+							     &timestamp);
+					print_lostmessage(&timestamp, buffer,
+							  bufspace, &req,
+							  "inotify loop");
+				}
+				break;
+			}
+			mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+			if (queue_try_to_add_entry(&printqueue, &req) != 0) {
+				/* These prints could happen concurrently */
+				mutex_lock(&print_mtx);
+				write_or_die(fd_stdout, queue_full_warning,
+					     sizeof(queue_full_warning));
+				mutex_unlock(&print_mtx);
+			}
+			modified--;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+static void *do_printloop(void *arg)
+{
+	const size_t bufspace = PRINT_BUFFER_SIZE;
+	char *buffer;
+	long *rseed = (long *) arg;
+	struct drand48_data drandbuf;
+	long slept = 0;
+	struct entry req;
+	int prob = 0;
+	struct timespec timestamp;
+	struct short_msg resize_msg;
+
+	print_priority();
+
+	if (srand48_r(*rseed, &drandbuf) != 0)
+		err(0, "srand48_r() failed!\n");
+
+	buffer = malloc_or_die(bufspace);
+
+	while (true) {
+		req = queue_wait_for_entry(&printqueue);
+		clock_gettime_or_die(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &timestamp);
+		mutex_lock(&printstate.mutex);
+		if (prev_req_won_race(&req)) {
+			printstate_mark_req_completed(&req);
+			mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+			if (verbose_lostevent())
+				print_lostmessage(&timestamp, buffer, bufspace,
+						  &req, "print loop");
+			continue;
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+
+		/*
+		 * Toss a coin to decide if we want to sleep a random amount
+		 * before printing out the backtrace. The reason for this is
+		 * that opening /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace will cause a
+		 * blackout of about 430 ms, where no latencies will be noted
+		 * by the latency tracer. Thus by randomly sleeping a random
+		 * amount we try to avoid missing traces systematically due to
+		 * this. With this option we will sometimes get the first
+		 * latency, some other times some of the later ones, in case of
+		 * closely spaced traces.
+		 */
+		if (trace_enable && use_random_sleep) {
+			slept = 0;
+			prob = table_get_probability(&req, &resize_msg);
+			if (!toss_coin(&drandbuf, prob))
+				slept = go_to_sleep(&req);
+			if (slept >= 0) {
+				/* A print is ongoing */
+				printstate_cnt_inc();
+				/*
+				 * We will do the printout below so we have to
+				 * mark it as completed while we still have the
+				 * mutex.
+				 */
+				mutex_lock(&printstate.mutex);
+				printstate_mark_req_completed(&req);
+				mutex_unlock(&printstate.mutex);
+			}
+		}
+		if (trace_enable) {
+			/*
+			 * slept < 0  means that we detected another
+			 * notification in go_to_sleep() above
+			 */
+			if (slept >= 0)
+				/*
+				 * N.B. printstate_cnt_dec(); will be called
+				 * inside print_tracefile()
+				 */
+				print_tracefile(&resize_msg, &timestamp, buffer,
+						bufspace, slept, &req);
+			else
+				print_skipmessage(&resize_msg, &timestamp,
+						  buffer, bufspace, &req, true);
+		} else {
+			print_skipmessage(&resize_msg, &timestamp, buffer,
+					  bufspace, &req, false);
+		}
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void start_printthread(void)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+	long *seed;
+	int ufd;
+
+	ufd = open(DEV_URANDOM, O_RDONLY);
+	if (nr_threads > MAX_THREADS) {
+		warnx(
+"Number of requested print threads was %d, max number is %d\n",
+		      nr_threads, MAX_THREADS);
+		nr_threads = MAX_THREADS;
+	}
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_threads; i++) {
+		seed = malloc_or_die(sizeof(*seed));
+		if (ufd <  0 ||
+		    read(ufd, seed, sizeof(*seed)) != sizeof(*seed)) {
+			printf(
+"Warning! Using trivial random nummer seed, since %s not available\n",
+			DEV_URANDOM);
+			fflush(stdout);
+			*seed = i;
+		}
+		if (pthread_create(&printthread[i], NULL, do_printloop, seed)
+		    != 0)
+			err(0, "pthread_create()");
+	}
+	if (ufd > 0)
+		close(ufd);
+}
+
+static void show_usage(void)
+{
+	printf(
+"Usage: %s [OPTION]...\n\n"
+"Collect closely occurring latencies from %s\n"
+"when any of the following tracers are enabled: preemptirqsoff, preemptoff,\n"
+"irqsoff, wakeup_dl, wakeup_rt, wakeup, or hwlat. A tracer can be enabled by\n"
+"doing something like this:\n\n"
+
+"echo 1000 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_thresh\n"
+"echo preemptirqsoff > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/current_tracer\n\n"
+
+"The occurrence of a latency is detected by monitoring the file\n"
+"%s with inotify.\n\n"
+
+"The following options are supported:\n"
+"-c, --policy POL\tRun the program with scheduling policy POL. POL can be\n"
+"\t\t\tother, batch, idle, rr or fifo. The default is rr. When\n"
+"\t\t\tusing rr or fifo, remember that these policies may cause\n"
+"\t\t\tother tasks to experience latencies.\n\n"
+
+"-p, --priority PRI\tRun the program with priority PRI. The acceptable range\n"
+"\t\t\tof PRI depends on the scheduling policy.\n\n"
+
+"-n, --notrace\t\tIf latency is detected, do not print out the content of\n"
+"\t\t\tthe trace file to standard output\n\n"
+
+"-t, --threads NRTHR\tRun NRTHR threads for printing. Default is %d.\n\n"
+
+"-r, --random\t\tArbitrarily sleep a certain amount of time, default\n"
+"\t\t\t%ld ms, before reading the trace file. The\n"
+"\t\t\tprobabilities for sleep are chosen so that the\n"
+"\t\t\tprobability of obtaining any of a cluster of closely\n"
+"\t\t\toccurring latencies are equal, i.e. we will randomly\n"
+"\t\t\tchoose which one we collect from the trace file.\n\n"
+"\t\t\tThis option is probably only useful with the irqsoff,\n"
+"\t\t\tpreemptoff, and preemptirqsoff tracers.\n\n"
+
+"-a, --nrlat NRLAT\tFor the purpose of arbitrary delay, assume that there\n"
+"\t\t\tare no more than NRLAT clustered latencies. If NRLAT\n"
+"\t\t\tlatencies are detected during a run, this value will\n"
+"\t\t\tautomatically be increased to NRLAT + 1 and then to\n"
+"\t\t\tNRLAT + 2 and so on. The default is %d. This option\n"
+"\t\t\timplies -r. We need to know this number in order to\n"
+"\t\t\tbe able to calculate the probabilities of sleeping.\n"
+"\t\t\tSpecifically, the probabilities of not sleeping, i.e. to\n"
+"\t\t\tdo an immediate printout will be:\n\n"
+"\t\t\t1/NRLAT  1/(NRLAT - 1) ... 1/3  1/2  1\n\n"
+"\t\t\tThe probability of sleeping will be:\n\n"
+"\t\t\t1 - P, where P is from the series above\n\n"
+"\t\t\tThis descending probability will cause us to choose\n"
+"\t\t\tan occurrence at random. Observe that the final\n"
+"\t\t\tprobability is 0, it is when we reach this probability\n"
+"\t\t\tthat we increase NRLAT automatically. As an example,\n"
+"\t\t\twith the default value of 2, the probabilities will be:\n\n"
+"\t\t\t1/2  0\n\n"
+"\t\t\tThis means, when a latency is detected we will sleep\n"
+"\t\t\twith 50%% probability. If we ever detect another latency\n"
+"\t\t\tduring the sleep period, then the probability of sleep\n"
+"\t\t\twill be 0%% and the table will be expanded to:\n\n"
+"\t\t\t1/3  1/2  0\n\n"
+
+"-v, --verbose\t\tIncrease the verbosity. If this option is given once,\n"
+"\t\t\tthen print a message every time that the NRLAT value\n"
+"\t\t\tis automatically increased. If this option is given at\n"
+"\t\t\tleast twice, then also print a warning for lost events.\n\n"
+
+"-u, --time TIME\t\tArbitrarily sleep for a specified time TIME ms before\n"
+"\t\t\tprinting out the trace from the trace file. The default\n"
+"\t\t\tis %ld ms. This option implies -r.\n\n"
+
+"-f, --tracefile FILE\tUse FILE as trace file. The default is\n"
+"\t\t\t%s.\n\n"
+
+"-m, --max-lat FILE\tUse FILE as tracing_max_latency file. The default is\n"
+"\t\t\t%s\n\n"
+,
+prg_name, debug_tracefile_dflt, debug_maxlat_dflt, DEFAULT_NR_PRINTER_THREADS,
+SLEEP_TIME_MS_DEFAULT, DEFAULT_TABLE_SIZE, SLEEP_TIME_MS_DEFAULT,
+debug_tracefile_dflt, debug_maxlat_dflt);
+}
+
+static void scan_arguments(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+	int c;
+	int option_idx = 0;
+
+	debug_tracefile = debug_tracefile_dflt;
+	debug_maxlat_file = debug_maxlat_dflt;
+
+	static struct option long_options[] = {
+		{ "policy",	required_argument,	0, 'c' },
+		{ "priority",	required_argument,	0, 'p' },
+		{ "help",	no_argument,		0, 'h' },
+		{ "notrace",	no_argument,		0, 'n' },
+		{ "random",	no_argument,		0, 'r' },
+		{ "nrlat",	required_argument,	0, 'a' },
+		{ "threads",	required_argument,	0, 't' },
+		{ "time",	required_argument,	0, 'u' },
+		{ "verbose",	no_argument,		0, 'v' },
+		{ "tracefile",	required_argument,	0, 'f' },
+		{ "max-lat",	required_argument,	0, 'm' },
+		{ 0,		0,			0,  0  }
+	};
+	const struct policy *p;
+	int max, min;
+	int value;
+
+	while (true) {
+		c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "c:p:hnra:t:u:vf:m:", long_options,
+				&option_idx);
+		if (c == -1)
+			break;
+
+		switch (c) {
+		case 'c':
+			p = policy_from_name(optarg);
+			if (p != NULL) {
+				sched_policy = p->policy;
+				sched_policy_set = true;
+				if (!sched_pri_set) {
+					sched_pri = p->default_pri;
+					sched_pri_set = true;
+				}
+			} else {
+				warnx("Unknown scheduling %s\n", optarg);
+				show_usage();
+				exit(0);
+			}
+			break;
+		case 'p':
+			sched_pri = atoi(optarg);
+			sched_pri_set = true;
+			break;
+		case 'h':
+			show_usage();
+			exit(0);
+			break;
+		case 'n':
+			trace_enable = false;
+			use_random_sleep = false;
+			break;
+		case 't':
+			value = atoi(optarg);
+			if (value > 0)
+				nr_threads = value;
+			else {
+				warnx("NRTHR must be > 0\n");
+				show_usage();
+				exit(0);
+			}
+			break;
+		case 'u':
+			value = atoi(optarg);
+			if (value < 0) {
+				warnx("TIME must be >= 0\n");
+				show_usage();
+				exit(0);
+			}
+			trace_enable = true;
+			use_random_sleep = true;
+			sleep_time = value * USEC_PER_MSEC;
+			break;
+		case 'v':
+			verbosity++;
+			break;
+		case 'r':
+			trace_enable = true;
+			use_random_sleep = true;
+			break;
+		case 'a':
+			value = atoi(optarg);
+			if (value <= 0) {
+				warnx("NRLAT must be > 0\n");
+				show_usage();
+				exit(0);
+			}
+			trace_enable = true;
+			use_random_sleep = true;
+			table_startsize = value;
+			break;
+		case 'f':
+			debug_tracefile = strdup(optarg);
+			break;
+		case 'm':
+			debug_maxlat_file = strdup(optarg);
+			break;
+		default:
+			show_usage();
+			exit(0);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!sched_policy_set) {
+		sched_policy = SCHED_RR;
+		sched_policy_set = true;
+		if (!sched_pri_set) {
+			sched_pri = RT_DEFAULT_PRI;
+			sched_pri_set = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+	max = sched_get_priority_max(sched_policy);
+	min = sched_get_priority_min(sched_policy);
+
+	if (sched_pri < min) {
+		printf(
+"ATTENTION: Increasing priority to minimum, which is %d\n", min);
+		sched_pri = min;
+	}
+	if (sched_pri > max) {
+		printf(
+"ATTENTION: Reducing priority to maximum, which is %d\n", max);
+		sched_pri = max;
+	}
+}
+
+static void show_params(void)
+{
+	printf(
+		"Running with scheduling policy %s and priority %d. Using %d print threads.\n",
+		policy_name(sched_policy), sched_pri, nr_threads);
+	if (trace_enable) {
+		if (use_random_sleep) {
+			printf(
+"%s will be printed with random delay\n"
+"Start size of the probability table:\t\t\t%d\n"
+"Print a message when prob. table table changes size:\t%s\n"
+"Print a warning when an event has been lost:\t\t%s\n"
+"Sleep time is:\t\t\t\t\t\t%ld ms\n",
+debug_tracefile,
+table_startsize,
+bool2str(verbose_sizechange()),
+bool2str(verbose_lostevent()),
+sleep_time / USEC_PER_MSEC);
+		} else {
+			printf("%s will be printed immediately\n",
+			       debug_tracefile);
+		}
+	} else {
+		printf("%s will not be printed\n",
+		       debug_tracefile);
+	}
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+	open_stdout();
+
+	if (argc >= 1)
+		prg_name = argv[0];
+	else
+		prg_name = prg_unknown;
+
+	scan_arguments(argc, argv);
+	show_params();
+
+	init_printstate();
+	if (use_random_sleep) {
+		init_probabilities();
+		if (verbose_sizechange())
+			printf("Initializing probability table to %d\n",
+			       table_startsize);
+		sleeptable_resize(table_startsize, false, NULL);
+	}
+	set_priority();
+	init_queue(&printqueue);
+	start_printthread();
+	do_jittertest();
+
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 4/4] ftrace: Add an option for tracing console latencies
  2019-05-17 20:34 [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers Viktor Rosendahl
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 3/4] Add the latency-collector to tools Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-17 20:34 ` Viktor Rosendahl
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-17 20:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel
  Cc: Joel Fernandes, Viktor Rosendahl

This new trace option "console-latency" will enable the latency
tracers to trace the console latencies. Previously this has always been
implicitely disabled. I guess this is because they are considered
to be well known and unavoidable.

However, for some organizations it may nevertheless be desirable to
trace them. Basically, we want to be able to tell that there are
latencies in the system under test because someone has incorrectly
enabled the serial console.

Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
---
 include/linux/irqflags.h     | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/printk/printk.c       |  6 ++++--
 kernel/trace/trace.h         |  1 +
 kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/irqflags.h b/include/linux/irqflags.h
index 21619c92c377..34b0424a32dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/irqflags.h
+++ b/include/linux/irqflags.h
@@ -68,9 +68,30 @@ do {						\
 	defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACER)
  extern void stop_critical_timings(void);
  extern void start_critical_timings(void);
+ extern bool console_tracing_disabled(void);
+
+# define console_stop_critical_timings(flag)		\
+	do {						\
+		typecheck(bool, flag);			\
+		flag = console_tracing_disabled();	\
+		if (flag)				\
+			stop_critical_timings();	\
+	} while (0)
+
+# define console_start_critical_timings(flag)		 \
+	do {						 \
+		typecheck(bool, flag);			 \
+		if (flag)				 \
+			start_critical_timings();	 \
+	} while (0)
+
 #else
 # define stop_critical_timings() do { } while (0)
 # define start_critical_timings() do { } while (0)
+# define console_stop_critical_timings(flag)	\
+	do { typecheck(bool, flag); } while (0)
+# define console_start_critical_timings(flag)	\
+	do { typecheck(bool, flag); } while (0)
 #endif
 
 /*
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 17102fd4c136..46ebba6e5fb9 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -2358,6 +2358,7 @@ void console_unlock(void)
 	static char ext_text[CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX];
 	static char text[LOG_LINE_MAX + PREFIX_MAX];
 	unsigned long flags;
+	bool cflag;
 	bool do_cond_resched, retry;
 
 	if (console_suspended) {
@@ -2458,9 +2459,10 @@ void console_unlock(void)
 		 */
 		console_lock_spinning_enable();
 
-		stop_critical_timings();	/* don't trace print latency */
+		/* don't trace print latency if it's disabled */
+		console_stop_critical_timings(cflag);
 		call_console_drivers(ext_text, ext_len, text, len);
-		start_critical_timings();
+		console_start_critical_timings(cflag);
 
 		if (console_lock_spinning_disable_and_check()) {
 			printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
index f95027813296..31cdc2e4c382 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
@@ -1257,6 +1257,7 @@ extern int trace_get_user(struct trace_parser *parser, const char __user *ubuf,
 		C(PRINTK_MSGONLY,	"printk-msg-only"),	\
 		C(CONTEXT_INFO,		"context-info"),   /* Print pid/cpu/time */ \
 		C(LATENCY_FMT,		"latency-format"),	\
+		C(CONSOLE_LATENCY,	"console-latency"),	\
 		C(RECORD_CMD,		"record-cmd"),		\
 		C(RECORD_TGID,		"record-tgid"),		\
 		C(OVERWRITE,		"overwrite"),		\
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c b/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
index a745b0cee5d3..bc02be207a7a 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_irqsoff.c
@@ -456,6 +456,18 @@ void stop_critical_timings(void)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stop_critical_timings);
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(stop_critical_timings);
 
+bool console_tracing_disabled(void)
+{
+	struct trace_array *tr = irqsoff_trace;
+	int pc = preempt_count();
+
+	if (!preempt_trace(pc) && !irq_trace())
+		return false;
+
+	return !(tr->trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_CONSOLE_LATENCY);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(console_tracing_disabled);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
 static bool function_enabled;
 
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-21 16:01   ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-22 14:31     ` Peter Zijlstra
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Steven Rostedt @ 2019-05-21 16:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Viktor Rosendahl
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes, Peter Zijlstra,
	Rafael J. Wysocki


[ Added Peter and Rafael ]

On Fri, 17 May 2019 22:34:27 +0200
Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com> wrote:

> This patch implements the feature that the tracing_max_latency file,
> e.g. /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency will receive
> notifications through the fsnotify framework when a new latency is
> available.
> 
> One particularly interesting use of this facility is when enabling
> threshold tracing, through /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/tracing_thresh,
> together with the preempt/irqsoff tracers. This makes it possible to
> implement a user space program that can, with equal probability,
> obtain traces of latencies that occur immediately after each other in
> spite of the fact that the preempt/irqsoff tracers operate in overwrite
> mode.
> 
> This facility works with the hwlat, preempt/irqsoff, and wakeup
> tracers.
> 
> This patch also add four new tracepoints, for entering/exiting
> __schedule() and do_idle(). Those tracepoints are needed to disable
> and enable the notificaton facility because we cannot wake up the
> workqueue from these critical sections without risking a deadlock.
> Similar problems would also arise if we try to schedule a tasklet,
> raise a softirq, or wake up a kernel thread.

Note, you need to add the scheduling and power management maintainers
when adding trace events to their code.

As these trace events become visible to user space, and you only need a
callback to disable fsnotify, it may be better to just have a hard
coded call to disable fsnotify (and have it be a nop when not
configured). We can use a static branch if you want to keep the
overhead down when not enabled, and enable the static branch when you
start these latency tracers.

-- Steve


> 
> If a notification event would happen in the forbidden sections, we
> schedule the fsnotify work as soon as we have exited
> do_idle()/__schedule().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com>
> ---
>  include/trace/events/power.h |  40 +++++++++
>  include/trace/events/sched.h |  40 +++++++++
>  kernel/sched/core.c          |   2 +
>  kernel/sched/idle.c          |   2 +
>  kernel/trace/trace.c         | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  kernel/trace/trace.h         |  12 +++
>  kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c   |   4 +-
>  7 files changed, 265 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/power.h b/include/trace/events/power.h
> index f7aece721aed..40ab747274bd 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/power.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/power.h
> @@ -40,6 +40,46 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(cpu, cpu_idle,
>  	TP_ARGS(state, cpu_id)
>  );
>  
> +/*
> + * Tracepoint for entering do_idle():
> + */
> +TRACE_EVENT(do_idle_enter,
> +
> +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> +
> +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> +
> +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> +		__field(int, cpu)
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_fast_assign(
> +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> +);
> +
> +/*
> + * Tracepoint for exiting do_idle():
> + */
> +TRACE_EVENT(do_idle_exit,
> +
> +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> +
> +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> +
> +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> +		__field(int, cpu)
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_fast_assign(
> +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> +);
> +
>  TRACE_EVENT(powernv_throttle,
>  
>  	TP_PROTO(int chip_id, const char *reason, int pmax),
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/sched.h b/include/trace/events/sched.h
> index c8c7c7efb487..a1a1befea1c1 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/sched.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/sched.h
> @@ -183,6 +183,46 @@ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch,
>  		__entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio)
>  );
>  
> +/*
> + * Tracepoint for entering __schedule():
> + */
> +TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_enter,
> +
> +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> +
> +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> +
> +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> +		__field(int, cpu)
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_fast_assign(
> +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> +);
> +
> +/*
> + * Tracepoint for exiting __schedule():
> + */
> +TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_exit,
> +
> +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> +
> +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> +
> +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> +		__field(int, cpu)
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_fast_assign(
> +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> +	),
> +
> +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> +);
> +
>  /*
>   * Tracepoint for a task being migrated:
>   */
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 102dfcf0a29a..c9d86fcc48f5 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	int cpu;
>  
>  	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	trace_sched_schedule_enter(cpu);
>  	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
>  	prev = rq->curr;
>  
> @@ -3448,6 +3449,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	}
>  
>  	balance_callback(rq);
> +	trace_sched_schedule_exit(cpu);
>  }
>  
>  void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> index f5516bae0c1b..e328e045c6e8 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> @@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
>  static void do_idle(void)
>  {
>  	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	trace_do_idle_enter(cpu);
>  	/*
>  	 * If the arch has a polling bit, we maintain an invariant:
>  	 *
> @@ -287,6 +288,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
>  
>  	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))
>  		klp_update_patch_state(current);
> +	trace_do_idle_exit(cpu);
>  }
>  
>  bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc)
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> index 2c92b3d9ea30..72ac53a47b1e 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,10 @@
>  #include <linux/trace.h>
>  #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
>  #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
> +#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
> +#include <trace/events/power.h>
> +#include <trace/events/sched.h>
>  
>  #include "trace.h"
>  #include "trace_output.h"
> @@ -1481,6 +1485,166 @@ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
>  
>  unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_thresh;
>  
> +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> +	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> +
> +static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops;
> +static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq;
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, notify_disabled) = 1;
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, notify_list);
> +
> +static void trace_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array,
> +					      fsnotify_work);
> +	fsnotify(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY,
> +		 tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr,
> +				      struct dentry *d_tracer)
> +{
> +	INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, trace_fsnotify_workfn);
> +	atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> +	tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644,
> +					      d_tracer, &tr->max_latency,
> +					      &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Disable fsnotify while in scheduler and idle code. Trying wake anything up
> + * from there, such as calling queue_work() is prone to deadlock.
> + */
> +static inline void notrace trace_disable_fsnotify(void)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu) = 1;
> +	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void notrace trace_enable_fsnotify(void)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +	struct trace_array *tr;
> +	struct llist_head *list;
> +	struct llist_node *node;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu) = 0;
> +	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> +
> +	if (!per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu)) {
> +		list = &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu);
> +		for (node = llist_del_first(list); node != NULL;
> +		     node = llist_del_first(list)) {
> +			tr = llist_entry(node, struct trace_array, notify_ll);
> +			atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> +			queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> +		}
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void notrace probe_sched_enter(void *nihil, int cpu)
> +{
> +	trace_disable_fsnotify();
> +}
> +
> +static void notrace probe_sched_exit(void *nihil, int cpu)
> +{
> +	trace_enable_fsnotify();
> +}
> +
> +__init static int trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init(void)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = register_trace_sched_schedule_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to sched_schedule_enter\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = register_trace_sched_schedule_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to sched_schedule_exit\n");
> +		goto fail_deprobe_sched_enter;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = register_trace_do_idle_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to do_idle_enter\n");
> +		goto fail_deprobe_sched_exit;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = register_trace_do_idle_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_info("tracing_max_latency: Could not activate tracepoint probe to do_idle_exit\n");
> +		goto fail_deprobe_idle_enter;
> +	}
> +
> +	fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq",
> +				      WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
> +	if (fsnotify_wq)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	ret = -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n");
> +
> +	unregister_trace_do_idle_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
> +
> +fail_deprobe_idle_enter:
> +	unregister_trace_do_idle_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
> +
> +fail_deprobe_sched_exit:
> +	unregister_trace_sched_schedule_exit(probe_sched_exit, NULL);
> +
> +fail_deprobe_sched_enter:
> +	unregister_trace_sched_schedule_enter(probe_sched_enter, NULL);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +late_initcall_sync(trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init);
> +
> +void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +
> +	if (!fsnotify_wq)
> +		return;
> +
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	if (!per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu))
> +		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> +	else {
> +		/*
> +		 * notify_pending prevents us from adding the same entry to
> +		 * more than one notify_list. It will get queued in
> +		 * trace_enable_fsnotify()
> +		 */
> +		if (!atomic_xchg(&tr->notify_pending, 1))
> +			llist_add(&tr->notify_ll, &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu));
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> + *  defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> + */
> +#else
> +
> +#define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer)				\
> +	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,	\
> +			  &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops)
> +
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
>  /*
>   * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
> @@ -1519,6 +1683,7 @@ __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
>  
>  	/* record this tasks comm */
>  	tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
> +	trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -8533,8 +8698,7 @@ init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer)
>  	create_trace_options_dir(tr);
>  
>  #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
> -	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,
> -			&tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> +	trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer);
>  #endif
>  
>  	if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer))
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> index 1974ce818ddb..f95027813296 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
>  #include <linux/compiler.h>
>  #include <linux/trace_seq.h>
>  #include <linux/glob.h>
> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
>  #include <asm/unistd.h>		/* For NR_SYSCALLS	     */
> @@ -265,6 +266,12 @@ struct trace_array {
>  #endif
>  #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
>  	unsigned long		max_latency;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
> +	struct dentry		*d_max_latency;
> +	struct work_struct	fsnotify_work;
> +	atomic_t		notify_pending;
> +	struct llist_node	notify_ll;
> +#endif
>  #endif
>  	struct trace_pid_list	__rcu *filtered_pids;
>  	/*
> @@ -786,6 +793,11 @@ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr,
>  			  struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu);
>  #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
>  
> +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> +	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> +void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr);
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
>  void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip,
>  		   int pc);
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> index 1e6db9cbe4dc..44a47f81d949 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> @@ -254,8 +254,10 @@ static int get_sample(void)
>  		trace_hwlat_sample(&s);
>  
>  		/* Keep a running maximum ever recorded hardware latency */
> -		if (sample > tr->max_latency)
> +		if (sample > tr->max_latency) {
>  			tr->max_latency = sample;
> +			trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  out:


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-21 16:01   ` Steven Rostedt
@ 2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-22  1:09       ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-05-22 14:35       ` Peter Zijlstra
  2019-05-22 14:31     ` Peter Zijlstra
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Viktor Rosendahl @ 2019-05-22  0:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes, Peter Zijlstra,
	Rafael J . Wysocki, Viktor Rosendahl

On 5/21/19 6:01 PM, Steven Rostedt wrote:>
>
> Note, you need to add the scheduling and power management maintainers
> when adding trace events to their code.
>

My bad.

> As these trace events become visible to user space, and you only need a
> callback to disable fsnotify, it may be better to just have a hard
> coded call to disable fsnotify (and have it be a nop when not
> configured).

My thinking was that it would not be defensible to clutter the idle and
scheduling code with calls to slightly obscure tracing code and that
perhaps some users would like to have these tracepoints for perf/ftrace but
I don't insist on it.

Below is a patch with hard coded calls.

> We can use a static branch if you want to keep the
> overhead down when not enabled, and enable the static branch when you
> start these latency tracers.
>

I noticed that it's possible to slightly simplify the enable/disble
functions, so I guess that this would not be necessary, especially since
one would need to handle the case when some CPUs are in the forbidden
sections when the tracers are enabled.

I can try to add the static branch if you want it though.

best regards,

Viktor
---
 include/linux/ftrace.h     |  13 +++++
 kernel/sched/core.c        |   2 +
 kernel/sched/idle.c        |   2 +
 kernel/sched/sched.h       |   1 +
 kernel/trace/trace.c       | 111 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 kernel/trace/trace.h       |  12 ++++
 kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c |   4 +-
 7 files changed, 142 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace.h b/include/linux/ftrace.h
index 25e2995d4a4c..88c76f23277c 100644
--- a/include/linux/ftrace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ftrace.h
@@ -907,4 +907,17 @@ unsigned long arch_syscall_addr(int nr);
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS */
 
+#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+
+void trace_disable_fsnotify(void);
+void trace_enable_fsnotify(void);
+
+#else
+
+#define trace_disable_fsnotify() do { } while (0)
+#define trace_enable_fsnotify() do { } while (0)
+
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_FTRACE_H */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 874c427742a9..440cd1a62722 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
 	struct rq *rq;
 	int cpu;
 
+	trace_disable_fsnotify();
 	cpu = smp_processor_id();
 	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
 	prev = rq->curr;
@@ -3449,6 +3450,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
 	}
 
 	balance_callback(rq);
+	trace_enable_fsnotify();
 }
 
 void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
index 80940939b733..1a38bcdb3652 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
@@ -225,6 +225,7 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
 static void do_idle(void)
 {
 	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	trace_disable_fsnotify();
 	/*
 	 * If the arch has a polling bit, we maintain an invariant:
 	 *
@@ -284,6 +285,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
 	smp_mb__after_atomic();
 
 	sched_ttwu_pending();
+	/* schedule_idle() will call trace_enable_fsnotify() */
 	schedule_idle();
 
 	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index b52ed1ada0be..e22871d489a5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
 #include <linux/delayacct.h>
 #include <linux/energy_model.h>
+#include <linux/ftrace.h>
 #include <linux/init_task.h>
 #include <linux/kprobes.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 2c92b3d9ea30..5dcc1147cbcc 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -44,6 +44,8 @@
 #include <linux/trace.h>
 #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
 #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
+#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
 
 #include "trace.h"
 #include "trace_output.h"
@@ -1481,6 +1483,111 @@ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
 
 unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_thresh;
 
+#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+
+static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops;
+static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq;
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, notify_disabled) = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, notify_list);
+
+static void trace_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array,
+					      fsnotify_work);
+	fsnotify(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY,
+		 tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
+}
+
+static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr,
+				      struct dentry *d_tracer)
+{
+	INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, trace_fsnotify_workfn);
+	atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
+	tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644,
+					      d_tracer, &tr->max_latency,
+					      &tracing_max_lat_fops);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Disable fsnotify while in scheduler and idle code. Trying wake anything up
+ * from there, such as calling queue_work() is prone to deadlock.
+ */
+void trace_disable_fsnotify(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 1);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_disable_fsnotify);
+
+void trace_enable_fsnotify(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	struct trace_array *tr;
+	struct llist_head *list;
+	struct llist_node *node;
+
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 0);
+
+	list = &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu);
+	for (node = llist_del_first(list); node != NULL;
+	     node = llist_del_first(list)) {
+		tr = llist_entry(node, struct trace_array, notify_ll);
+		atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
+		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_enable_fsnotify);
+
+__init static int trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init(void)
+{
+	fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq",
+				      WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
+	if (!fsnotify_wq) {
+		pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+late_initcall_sync(trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init);
+
+void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	if (!fsnotify_wq)
+		return;
+
+	cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	if (!atomic_read(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu)))
+		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
+	else {
+		/*
+		 * notify_pending prevents us from adding the same entry to
+		 * more than one notify_list. It will get queued in
+		 * trace_enable_fsnotify()
+		 */
+		if (!atomic_xchg(&tr->notify_pending, 1))
+			llist_add(&tr->notify_ll, &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu));
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+ *  defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+ */
+#else
+
+#define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer)				\
+	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,	\
+			  &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops)
+
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
 /*
  * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
@@ -1519,6 +1626,7 @@ __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 
 	/* record this tasks comm */
 	tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
+	trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -8533,8 +8641,7 @@ init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer)
 	create_trace_options_dir(tr);
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
-	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,
-			&tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops);
+	trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer);
 #endif
 
 	if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer))
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
index 1974ce818ddb..f95027813296 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 #include <linux/compiler.h>
 #include <linux/trace_seq.h>
 #include <linux/glob.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
 #include <asm/unistd.h>		/* For NR_SYSCALLS	     */
@@ -265,6 +266,12 @@ struct trace_array {
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
 	unsigned long		max_latency;
+#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
+	struct dentry		*d_max_latency;
+	struct work_struct	fsnotify_work;
+	atomic_t		notify_pending;
+	struct llist_node	notify_ll;
+#endif
 #endif
 	struct trace_pid_list	__rcu *filtered_pids;
 	/*
@@ -786,6 +793,11 @@ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr,
 			  struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu);
 #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
 
+#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
+	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
+void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr);
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
 void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip,
 		   int pc);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
index 1e6db9cbe4dc..44a47f81d949 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
@@ -254,8 +254,10 @@ static int get_sample(void)
 		trace_hwlat_sample(&s);
 
 		/* Keep a running maximum ever recorded hardware latency */
-		if (sample > tr->max_latency)
+		if (sample > tr->max_latency) {
 			tr->max_latency = sample;
+			trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
+		}
 	}
 
 out:
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-22  1:09       ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-05-22 14:35       ` Peter Zijlstra
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Steven Rostedt @ 2019-05-22  1:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Viktor Rosendahl
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes, Peter Zijlstra,
	Rafael J . Wysocki

On Wed, 22 May 2019 02:30:14 +0200
Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> I can try to add the static branch if you want it though.

Yes, it would need a static branch to prevent overhead.

> 
> best regards,
> 
> Viktor
> ---
>  include/linux/ftrace.h     |  13 +++++
>  kernel/sched/core.c        |   2 +
>  kernel/sched/idle.c        |   2 +
>  kernel/sched/sched.h       |   1 +
>  kernel/trace/trace.c       | 111 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  kernel/trace/trace.h       |  12 ++++
>  kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c |   4 +-
>  7 files changed, 142 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace.h b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> index 25e2995d4a4c..88c76f23277c 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ftrace.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ftrace.h
> @@ -907,4 +907,17 @@ unsigned long arch_syscall_addr(int nr);
>  
>  #endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS */
>  
> +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> +	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> +
> +void trace_disable_fsnotify(void);
> +void trace_enable_fsnotify(void);
> +
> +#else
> +
> +#define trace_disable_fsnotify() do { } while (0)
> +#define trace_enable_fsnotify() do { } while (0)
> +
> +#endif
> +
>  #endif /* _LINUX_FTRACE_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 874c427742a9..440cd1a62722 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	struct rq *rq;
>  	int cpu;
>  
> +	trace_disable_fsnotify();

Also, don't use "trace_*" names, I'm trying to reserve them for tracepoints only.

	latency_fsnotify_disable();

perhaps?

>  	cpu = smp_processor_id();
>  	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
>  	prev = rq->curr;
> @@ -3449,6 +3450,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	}
>  
>  	balance_callback(rq);
> +	trace_enable_fsnotify();

	latency_fsnotify_enable();

>  }
>  
>  void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)


> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index b52ed1ada0be..e22871d489a5 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
>  #include <linux/debugfs.h>
>  #include <linux/delayacct.h>
>  #include <linux/energy_model.h>
> +#include <linux/ftrace.h>
>  #include <linux/init_task.h>
>  #include <linux/kprobes.h>
>  #include <linux/kthread.h>
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> index 2c92b3d9ea30..5dcc1147cbcc 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,8 @@
>  #include <linux/trace.h>
>  #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
>  #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
> +#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
>  
>  #include "trace.h"
>  #include "trace_output.h"
> @@ -1481,6 +1483,111 @@ static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
>  
>  unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_thresh;
>  
> +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> +	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> +
> +static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops;
> +static struct workqueue_struct *fsnotify_wq;
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, notify_disabled) = ATOMIC_INIT(0);

per cpu atomics is a bit of an overkill. Why the atomic if they are
only used per cpu?

Just make them per cpu, and use things like this_cpu_inc/dec();

> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, notify_list);
> +
> +static void trace_fsnotify_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct trace_array *tr = container_of(work, struct trace_array,
> +					      fsnotify_work);
> +	fsnotify(tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FS_MODIFY,
> +		 tr->d_max_latency->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static void trace_create_maxlat_file(struct trace_array *tr,
> +				      struct dentry *d_tracer)
> +{
> +	INIT_WORK(&tr->fsnotify_work, trace_fsnotify_workfn);
> +	atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> +	tr->d_max_latency = trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644,
> +					      d_tracer, &tr->max_latency,
> +					      &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Disable fsnotify while in scheduler and idle code. Trying wake anything up
> + * from there, such as calling queue_work() is prone to deadlock.
> + */
> +void trace_disable_fsnotify(void)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 1);
> +}

This should be a static inline function:

static inline void latency_fsnotify_disable(void)
{
	this_cpu_inc(latency_trace_notify_disable);
}

> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_disable_fsnotify);
> +
> +void trace_enable_fsnotify(void)

Also this needs to be split as a static inline and a function call.

static inline void latency_fsnotify_enable(void)
{
	this_cpu_dec(latency_trace_notify_disable);
	if (static_key_false(&latency_notify_key))
		lantency_fsnotify_process();
}

Have the static_key enabled by the latency tracers that modify the file.

In this file:

void latency_fsontify_process(void)
{

> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +	struct trace_array *tr;
> +	struct llist_head *list;
> +	struct llist_node *node;
> +
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 0);
> +
> +	list = &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu);

	list = &this_cpu_read(notify_list);

-- Steve

> +	for (node = llist_del_first(list); node != NULL;
> +	     node = llist_del_first(list)) {
> +		tr = llist_entry(node, struct trace_array, notify_ll);
> +		atomic_set(&tr->notify_pending, 0);
> +		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> +	}
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(trace_enable_fsnotify);
> +
> +__init static int trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init(void)
> +{
> +	fsnotify_wq = alloc_workqueue("tr_max_lat_wq",
> +				      WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI, 0);
> +	if (!fsnotify_wq) {
> +		pr_err("Unable to allocate tr_max_lat_wq\n");
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +late_initcall_sync(trace_maxlat_fsnotify_init);
> +
> +void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr)
> +{
> +	int cpu;
> +
> +	if (!fsnotify_wq)
> +		return;
> +
> +	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	if (!atomic_read(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu)))
> +		queue_work(fsnotify_wq, &tr->fsnotify_work);
> +	else {
> +		/*
> +		 * notify_pending prevents us from adding the same entry to
> +		 * more than one notify_list. It will get queued in
> +		 * trace_enable_fsnotify()
> +		 */
> +		if (!atomic_xchg(&tr->notify_pending, 1))
> +			llist_add(&tr->notify_ll, &per_cpu(notify_list, cpu));
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> + *  defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> + */
> +#else
> +
> +#define trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer)				\
> +	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,	\
> +			  &tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops)
> +
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
>  /*
>   * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
> @@ -1519,6 +1626,7 @@ __update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
>  
>  	/* record this tasks comm */
>  	tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
> +	trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> @@ -8533,8 +8641,7 @@ init_tracer_tracefs(struct trace_array *tr, struct dentry *d_tracer)
>  	create_trace_options_dir(tr);
>  
>  #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
> -	trace_create_file("tracing_max_latency", 0644, d_tracer,
> -			&tr->max_latency, &tracing_max_lat_fops);
> +	trace_create_maxlat_file(tr, d_tracer);
>  #endif
>  
>  	if (ftrace_create_function_files(tr, d_tracer))
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> index 1974ce818ddb..f95027813296 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
>  #include <linux/compiler.h>
>  #include <linux/trace_seq.h>
>  #include <linux/glob.h>
> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
>  #include <asm/unistd.h>		/* For NR_SYSCALLS	     */
> @@ -265,6 +266,12 @@ struct trace_array {
>  #endif
>  #if defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)
>  	unsigned long		max_latency;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
> +	struct dentry		*d_max_latency;
> +	struct work_struct	fsnotify_work;
> +	atomic_t		notify_pending;
> +	struct llist_node	notify_ll;
> +#endif
>  #endif
>  	struct trace_pid_list	__rcu *filtered_pids;
>  	/*
> @@ -786,6 +793,11 @@ void update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr,
>  			  struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu);
>  #endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
>  
> +#if (defined(CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER)) && \
> +	defined(CONFIG_FSNOTIFY)
> +void trace_maxlat_fsnotify(struct trace_array *tr);
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
>  void __trace_stack(struct trace_array *tr, unsigned long flags, int skip,
>  		   int pc);
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> index 1e6db9cbe4dc..44a47f81d949 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_hwlat.c
> @@ -254,8 +254,10 @@ static int get_sample(void)
>  		trace_hwlat_sample(&s);
>  
>  		/* Keep a running maximum ever recorded hardware latency */
> -		if (sample > tr->max_latency)
> +		if (sample > tr->max_latency) {
>  			tr->max_latency = sample;
> +			trace_maxlat_fsnotify(tr);
> +		}
>  	}
>  
>  out:


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-21 16:01   ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
@ 2019-05-22 14:31     ` Peter Zijlstra
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2019-05-22 14:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Rostedt
  Cc: Viktor Rosendahl, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes,
	Rafael J. Wysocki

On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 12:01:42PM -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> 
> [ Added Peter and Rafael ]

Thanks Steve,

> On Fri, 17 May 2019 22:34:27 +0200
> Viktor Rosendahl <viktor.rosendahl@gmail.com> wrote:

> > diff --git a/include/trace/events/sched.h b/include/trace/events/sched.h
> > index c8c7c7efb487..a1a1befea1c1 100644
> > --- a/include/trace/events/sched.h
> > +++ b/include/trace/events/sched.h
> > @@ -183,6 +183,46 @@ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch,
> >  		__entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio)
> >  );
> >  
> > +/*
> > + * Tracepoint for entering __schedule():
> > + */
> > +TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_enter,
> > +
> > +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> > +
> > +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> > +
> > +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> > +		__field(int, cpu)
> > +	),
> > +
> > +	TP_fast_assign(
> > +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> > +	),
> > +
> > +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> > +);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Tracepoint for exiting __schedule():
> > + */
> > +TRACE_EVENT(sched_schedule_exit,
> > +
> > +	TP_PROTO(int cpu),
> > +
> > +	TP_ARGS(cpu),
> > +
> > +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
> > +		__field(int, cpu)
> > +	),
> > +
> > +	TP_fast_assign(
> > +		__entry->cpu = cpu;
> > +	),
> > +
> > +	TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
> > +);
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * Tracepoint for a task being migrated:
> >   */
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > index 102dfcf0a29a..c9d86fcc48f5 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > @@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
> >  	int cpu;
> >  
> >  	cpu = smp_processor_id();
> > +	trace_sched_schedule_enter(cpu);
> >  	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
> >  	prev = rq->curr;
> >  
> > @@ -3448,6 +3449,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
> >  	}
> >  
> >  	balance_callback(rq);
> > +	trace_sched_schedule_exit(cpu);
> >  }
> >  
> >  void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > index f5516bae0c1b..e328e045c6e8 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> > @@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
> >  static void do_idle(void)
> >  {
> >  	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> > +	trace_do_idle_enter(cpu);
> >  	/*
> >  	 * If the arch has a polling bit, we maintain an invariant:
> >  	 *
> > @@ -287,6 +288,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
> >  
> >  	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))
> >  		klp_update_patch_state(current);
> > +	trace_do_idle_exit(cpu);
> >  }
> >  
> >  bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc)

NAK!

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
  2019-05-22  1:09       ` Steven Rostedt
@ 2019-05-22 14:35       ` Peter Zijlstra
  2019-05-22 14:43         ` Steven Rostedt
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Peter Zijlstra @ 2019-05-22 14:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Viktor Rosendahl
  Cc: Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes,
	Rafael J . Wysocki

On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 02:30:14AM +0200, Viktor Rosendahl wrote:

> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 874c427742a9..440cd1a62722 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -3374,6 +3374,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	struct rq *rq;
>  	int cpu;
>  
> +	trace_disable_fsnotify();
>  	cpu = smp_processor_id();
>  	rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
>  	prev = rq->curr;
> @@ -3449,6 +3450,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
>  	}
>  
>  	balance_callback(rq);
> +	trace_enable_fsnotify();
>  }
>  
>  void __noreturn do_task_dead(void)
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> index 80940939b733..1a38bcdb3652 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
> @@ -225,6 +225,7 @@ static void cpuidle_idle_call(void)
>  static void do_idle(void)
>  {
>  	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +	trace_disable_fsnotify();
>  	/*
>  	 * If the arch has a polling bit, we maintain an invariant:
>  	 *
> @@ -284,6 +285,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
>  	smp_mb__after_atomic();
>  
>  	sched_ttwu_pending();
> +	/* schedule_idle() will call trace_enable_fsnotify() */
>  	schedule_idle();
>  
>  	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))

I still hate this.. why are we doing this? We already have this
stop_critical_timings() nonsense and are now adding more gunk.



> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, notify_disabled) = ATOMIC_INIT(0);

> +	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 1);

> +	atomic_set(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu), 0);

> +	if (!atomic_read(&per_cpu(notify_disabled, cpu)))

That's just wrong on so many levels..

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency
  2019-05-22 14:35       ` Peter Zijlstra
@ 2019-05-22 14:43         ` Steven Rostedt
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Steven Rostedt @ 2019-05-22 14:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Zijlstra
  Cc: Viktor Rosendahl, Ingo Molnar, linux-kernel, Joel Fernandes,
	Rafael J . Wysocki

On Wed, 22 May 2019 16:35:45 +0200
Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:

> > @@ -284,6 +285,7 @@ static void do_idle(void)
> >  	smp_mb__after_atomic();
> >  
> >  	sched_ttwu_pending();
> > +	/* schedule_idle() will call trace_enable_fsnotify() */
> >  	schedule_idle();
> >  
> >  	if (unlikely(klp_patch_pending(current)))  
> 
> I still hate this.. why are we doing this? We already have this
> stop_critical_timings() nonsense and are now adding more gunk.

I was thinking that this can possibly be added in the
stop_critical_timings() as that is probably where this is needed
anyway.

-- Steve

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-05-22 14:43 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-05-17 20:34 [PATCH v4 0/4] Some new features for the latency tracers Viktor Rosendahl
2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 1/4] ftrace: Implement fs notification for tracing_max_latency Viktor Rosendahl
2019-05-21 16:01   ` Steven Rostedt
2019-05-22  0:30     ` Viktor Rosendahl
2019-05-22  1:09       ` Steven Rostedt
2019-05-22 14:35       ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-22 14:43         ` Steven Rostedt
2019-05-22 14:31     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 2/4] preemptirq_delay_test: Add the burst feature and a sysfs trigger Viktor Rosendahl
2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 3/4] Add the latency-collector to tools Viktor Rosendahl
2019-05-17 20:34 ` [PATCH v4 4/4] ftrace: Add an option for tracing console latencies Viktor Rosendahl

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