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From: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>
To: hch@lst.de, robin.murphy@arm.com, m.szyprowski@samsung.com
Cc: vdumpa@nvidia.com, linux@armlinux.org.uk,
	catalin.marinas@arm.com, will.deacon@arm.com, chris@zankel.net,
	jcmvbkbc@gmail.com, joro@8bytes.org, dwmw2@infradead.org,
	tony@atomide.com, akpm@linux-foundation.org,
	sfr@canb.auug.org.au, treding@nvidia.com, keescook@chromium.org,
	iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com, wsa+renesas@sang-engineering.com,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-xtensa@linux-xtensa.org,
	iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org, dann.frazier@canonical.com
Subject: [PATCH v3 2/2] dma-contiguous: Use fallback alloc_pages for single pages
Date: Thu, 23 May 2019 21:06:33 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20190524040633.16854-3-nicoleotsuka@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190524040633.16854-1-nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>

The addresses within a single page are always contiguous, so it's
not so necessary to always allocate one single page from CMA area.
Since the CMA area has a limited predefined size of space, it may
run out of space in heavy use cases, where there might be quite a
lot CMA pages being allocated for single pages.

However, there is also a concern that a device might care where a
page comes from -- it might expect the page from CMA area and act
differently if the page doesn't.

This patch tries to use the fallback alloc_pages path, instead of
one-page size allocations from the global CMA area in case that a
device does not have its own CMA area. This'd save resources from
the CMA global area for more CMA allocations, and also reduce CMA
fragmentations resulted from trivial allocations.

Signed-off-by: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>
---
 kernel/dma/contiguous.c | 11 ++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
index 21f39a6cb04f..6914b92d5c88 100644
--- a/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
+++ b/kernel/dma/contiguous.c
@@ -223,14 +223,23 @@ bool dma_release_from_contiguous(struct device *dev, struct page *pages,
  * This function allocates contiguous memory buffer for specified device. It
  * first tries to use device specific contiguous memory area if available or
  * the default global one, then tries a fallback allocation of normal pages.
+ *
+ * Note that it byapss one-page size of allocations from the global area as
+ * the addresses within one page are always contiguous, so there is no need
+ * to waste CMA pages for that kind; it also helps reduce fragmentations.
  */
 struct page *dma_alloc_contiguous(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
 {
 	int node = dev ? dev_to_node(dev) : NUMA_NO_NODE;
 	size_t count = PAGE_ALIGN(size) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	size_t align = get_order(PAGE_ALIGN(size));
-	struct cma *cma = dev_get_cma_area(dev);
 	struct page *page = NULL;
+	struct cma *cma = NULL;
+
+	if (dev && dev->cma_area)
+		cma = dev->cma_area;
+	else if (count > 1)
+		cma = dma_contiguous_default_area;
 
 	/* CMA can be used only in the context which permits sleeping */
 	if (cma && gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp)) {
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-05-24  4:08 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-24  4:06 [PATCH v3 0/2] Optimize dma_*_from_contiguous calls Nicolin Chen
2019-05-24  4:06 ` [PATCH v3 1/2] dma-contiguous: Abstract dma_{alloc,free}_contiguous() Nicolin Chen
2019-05-29 18:35   ` Nathan Chancellor
2019-05-29 22:48     ` Nicolin Chen
2019-07-25 16:06   ` Ezequiel Garcia
2019-07-25 16:50     ` Nicolin Chen
2019-07-25 17:31       ` Dafna Hirschfeld
2019-07-25 23:42         ` Nicolin Chen
2019-05-24  4:06 ` Nicolin Chen [this message]
2019-05-24 16:16   ` [PATCH v3 2/2] dma-contiguous: Use fallback alloc_pages for single pages Ira Weiny
2019-05-27 10:55     ` Nicolin Chen
2019-05-24 20:03 ` [PATCH v3 0/2] Optimize dma_*_from_contiguous calls dann frazier
2019-05-28  6:04 ` Christoph Hellwig
2019-05-29 23:06   ` Nicolin Chen

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