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From: Eric Biggers <>
Subject: [PATCH v3] xfs: clear PF_MEMALLOC before exiting xfsaild thread
Date: Mon,  9 Mar 2020 11:57:14 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200309181332.GJ1752567@magnolia>

From: Eric Biggers <>

Leaving PF_MEMALLOC set when exiting a kthread causes it to remain set
during do_exit().  That can confuse things.  In particular, if BSD
process accounting is enabled, then do_exit() writes data to an
accounting file.  If that file has FS_SYNC_FL set, then this write
occurs synchronously and can misbehave if PF_MEMALLOC is set.

For example, if the accounting file is located on an XFS filesystem,
then a WARN_ON_ONCE() in iomap_do_writepage() is triggered and the data
doesn't get written when it should.  Or if the accounting file is
located on an ext4 filesystem without a journal, then a WARN_ON_ONCE()
in ext4_write_inode() is triggered and the inode doesn't get written.

Fix this in xfsaild() by using the helper functions to save and restore

This can be reproduced as follows in the kvm-xfstests test appliance
modified to add the 'acct' Debian package, and with kvm-xfstests's
recommended kconfig modified to add CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT=y:

        mkfs.xfs -f /dev/vdb
        mount /vdb
        touch /vdb/file
        chattr +S /vdb/file
        accton /vdb/file
        mkfs.xfs -f /dev/vdc
        mount /vdc
        umount /vdc

It causes:
	WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 336 at fs/iomap/buffered-io.c:1534
	CPU: 1 PID: 336 Comm: xfsaild/vdc Not tainted 5.6.0-rc5 #3
	Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS ?-20191223_100556-anatol 04/01/2014
	RIP: 0010:iomap_do_writepage+0x16b/0x1f0 fs/iomap/buffered-io.c:1534
	Call Trace:
	 write_cache_pages+0x189/0x4d0 mm/page-writeback.c:2238
	 iomap_writepages+0x1c/0x33 fs/iomap/buffered-io.c:1642
	 xfs_vm_writepages+0x65/0x90 fs/xfs/xfs_aops.c:578
	 do_writepages+0x41/0xe0 mm/page-writeback.c:2344
	 __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xd2/0x120 mm/filemap.c:421
	 file_write_and_wait_range+0x71/0xc0 mm/filemap.c:760
	 xfs_file_fsync+0x7a/0x2b0 fs/xfs/xfs_file.c:114
	 generic_write_sync include/linux/fs.h:2867 [inline]
	 xfs_file_buffered_aio_write+0x379/0x3b0 fs/xfs/xfs_file.c:691
	 call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:1901 [inline]
	 new_sync_write+0x130/0x1d0 fs/read_write.c:483
	 __kernel_write+0x54/0xe0 fs/read_write.c:515
	 do_acct_process+0x122/0x170 kernel/acct.c:522
	 slow_acct_process kernel/acct.c:581 [inline]
	 acct_process+0x1d4/0x27c kernel/acct.c:607
	 do_exit+0x83d/0xbc0 kernel/exit.c:791
	 kthread+0xf1/0x140 kernel/kthread.c:257
	 ret_from_fork+0x27/0x50 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:352

This bug was originally reported by syzbot at

Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <>

v3: updated commit message again, this time to take into account the bug
    also being reproducible when the accounting file is located on XFS.

v2: include more details in the commit message.

 fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c | 4 +++-
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
index 00cc5b8734be8..3bc570c90ad97 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trans_ail.c
@@ -529,8 +529,9 @@ xfsaild(
 	struct xfs_ail	*ailp = data;
 	long		tout = 0;	/* milliseconds */
+	unsigned int	noreclaim_flag;
-	current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC;
+	noreclaim_flag = memalloc_noreclaim_save();
 	while (1) {
@@ -601,6 +602,7 @@ xfsaild(
 		tout = xfsaild_push(ailp);
+	memalloc_noreclaim_restore(noreclaim_flag);
 	return 0;

  reply	other threads:[~2020-03-09 18:58 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-26  6:57 WARNING in ext4_write_inode syzbot
2020-03-08  4:35 ` [PATCH] xfs: clear PF_MEMALLOC before exiting xfsaild thread Eric Biggers
2020-03-08 23:03   ` Dave Chinner
2020-03-09  1:04     ` Eric Biggers
2020-03-09  4:34       ` [PATCH v2] " Eric Biggers
2020-03-09 10:57         ` Brian Foster
2020-03-09 16:24         ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-03-09 18:04           ` Eric Biggers
2020-03-09 18:13             ` Darrick J. Wong
2020-03-09 18:57               ` Eric Biggers [this message]
2020-03-10 15:47                 ` [PATCH v3] " Darrick J. Wong
2020-03-11  6:34                 ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-03-12 22:20           ` [PATCH v2] " Eric Biggers
2020-03-08  4:36 ` [PATCH] cifs: clear PF_MEMALLOC before exiting demultiplex thread Eric Biggers
2020-03-08  6:16   ` [PATCH v2] " Eric Biggers
2020-03-08 18:43     ` Steve French
2020-03-09  5:56       ` Eric Biggers
2020-03-09  5:58         ` [PATCH v3] " Eric Biggers

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