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* [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
@ 2021-05-28 12:03 Varad Gautam
  2021-05-28 15:11 ` Ahmed S. Darwish
  2021-05-28 16:04 ` [PATCH v2] " Varad Gautam
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Varad Gautam @ 2021-05-28 12:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: varad.gautam, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable, Steffen Klassert,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal

xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype loops on seqcount mutex xfrm_policy_hash_generation
within an RCU read side critical section. Although ill advised, this is fine if
the loop is bounded.

xfrm_policy_hash_generation wraps mutex hash_resize_mutex, which is used to
serialize writers (xfrm_hash_resize, xfrm_hash_rebuild). This is fine too.

On PREEMPT_RT=y, the read_seqcount_begin call within xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
emits a mutex lock/unlock for hash_resize_mutex. Mutex locking is fine, since
RCU read side critical sections are allowed to sleep with PREEMPT_RT.

xfrm_hash_resize can, however, block on synchronize_rcu while holding
hash_resize_mutex.

This leads to the following situation on PREEMPT_RT, where the writer is
blocked on RCU grace period expiry, while the reader is blocked on a lock held
by the writer:

Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)

				rcu_read_lock();
mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
xfrm_bydst_resize();
synchronize_rcu(); // block
		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>

Move the read_seqcount_begin call outside of the RCU read side critical section,
and do an rcu_read_unlock/retry if we got stale data within the critical section.

On non-PREEMPT_RT, this shortens the time spent within RCU read side critical
section in case the seqcount needs a retry, and avoids unbounded looping.

Fixes: a7c44247f70 ("xfrm: policy: make xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype lockless")
Signed-off-by: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
Cc: linux-rt-users <linux-rt-users@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.9
Cc: Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@secunet.com>
Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
Cc: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de>
---
 net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c | 21 ++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c b/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
index ce500f847b99..e9d0df2a2ab1 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
@@ -2092,12 +2092,15 @@ static struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype(struct net *net, u8 type,
 	if (unlikely(!daddr || !saddr))
 		return NULL;
 
-	rcu_read_lock();
  retry:
-	do {
-		sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
-		chain = policy_hash_direct(net, daddr, saddr, family, dir);
-	} while (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence));
+	sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
+	rcu_read_lock();
+
+	chain = policy_hash_direct(net, daddr, saddr, family, dir);
+	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		goto retry;
+	}
 
 	ret = NULL;
 	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pol, chain, bydst) {
@@ -2128,11 +2131,15 @@ static struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype(struct net *net, u8 type,
 	}
 
 skip_inexact:
-	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence))
+	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		goto retry;
+	}
 
-	if (ret && !xfrm_pol_hold_rcu(ret))
+	if (ret && !xfrm_pol_hold_rcu(ret)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		goto retry;
+	}
 fail:
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
  2021-05-28 12:03 [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype Varad Gautam
@ 2021-05-28 15:11 ` Ahmed S. Darwish
  2021-05-28 16:06   ` Varad Gautam
  2021-05-28 16:04 ` [PATCH v2] " Varad Gautam
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Ahmed S. Darwish @ 2021-05-28 15:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Varad Gautam
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable, Steffen Klassert,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal

On Fri, May 28, 2021, Varad Gautam wrote:
...
>
> Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)
>
> 				rcu_read_lock();
> mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
> 				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
> 				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
> xfrm_bydst_resize();
> synchronize_rcu(); // block
> 		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>
>
...
> Fixes: a7c44247f70 ("xfrm: policy: make xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype lockless")

Minor note: the 'Fixes' commit should be 77cc278f7b20 ("xfrm: policy:
Use sequence counters with associated lock") instead.

The reason read_seqcount_begin() is emitting a mutex_lock() on
PREEMPT_RT is because of the s/seqcount_t/seqcount_mutex_t/ change.

Kind regards,

--
Ahmed S. Darwish
Linutronix GmbH

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
  2021-05-28 12:03 [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype Varad Gautam
  2021-05-28 15:11 ` Ahmed S. Darwish
@ 2021-05-28 16:04 ` Varad Gautam
  2021-05-28 16:44   ` Ahmed S. Darwish
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Varad Gautam @ 2021-05-28 16:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: varad.gautam, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable, Steffen Klassert,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal,
	Ahmed S. Darwish, Peter Zijlstra (Intel)

xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype loops on seqcount mutex xfrm_policy_hash_generation
within an RCU read side critical section. Although ill advised, this is fine if
the loop is bounded.

xfrm_policy_hash_generation wraps mutex hash_resize_mutex, which is used to
serialize writers (xfrm_hash_resize, xfrm_hash_rebuild). This is fine too.

On PREEMPT_RT=y, the read_seqcount_begin call within xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
emits a mutex lock/unlock for hash_resize_mutex. Mutex locking is fine, since
RCU read side critical sections are allowed to sleep with PREEMPT_RT.

xfrm_hash_resize can, however, block on synchronize_rcu while holding
hash_resize_mutex.

This leads to the following situation on PREEMPT_RT, where the writer is
blocked on RCU grace period expiry, while the reader is blocked on a lock held
by the writer:

Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)

				rcu_read_lock();
mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
xfrm_bydst_resize();
synchronize_rcu(); // block
		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>

Move the read_seqcount_begin call outside of the RCU read side critical section,
and do an rcu_read_unlock/retry if we got stale data within the critical section.

On non-PREEMPT_RT, this shortens the time spent within RCU read side critical
section in case the seqcount needs a retry, and avoids unbounded looping.

Fixes: 77cc278f7b20 ("xfrm: policy: Use sequence counters with associated lock")
Signed-off-by: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
Cc: linux-rt-users <linux-rt-users@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.9
Cc: Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@secunet.com>
Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
Cc: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de>
Cc: "Ahmed S. Darwish" <a.darwish@linutronix.de>
---
v2: Correct 'Fixes:' to the right commit.

 net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c | 21 ++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c b/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
index ce500f847b99..e9d0df2a2ab1 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c
@@ -2092,12 +2092,15 @@ static struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype(struct net *net, u8 type,
 	if (unlikely(!daddr || !saddr))
 		return NULL;
 
-	rcu_read_lock();
  retry:
-	do {
-		sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
-		chain = policy_hash_direct(net, daddr, saddr, family, dir);
-	} while (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence));
+	sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
+	rcu_read_lock();
+
+	chain = policy_hash_direct(net, daddr, saddr, family, dir);
+	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+		goto retry;
+	}
 
 	ret = NULL;
 	hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pol, chain, bydst) {
@@ -2128,11 +2131,15 @@ static struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype(struct net *net, u8 type,
 	}
 
 skip_inexact:
-	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence))
+	if (read_seqcount_retry(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation, sequence)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		goto retry;
+	}
 
-	if (ret && !xfrm_pol_hold_rcu(ret))
+	if (ret && !xfrm_pol_hold_rcu(ret)) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		goto retry;
+	}
 fail:
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
  2021-05-28 15:11 ` Ahmed S. Darwish
@ 2021-05-28 16:06   ` Varad Gautam
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Varad Gautam @ 2021-05-28 16:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ahmed S. Darwish
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable, Steffen Klassert,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal

On 5/28/21 5:11 PM, Ahmed S. Darwish wrote:
> On Fri, May 28, 2021, Varad Gautam wrote:
> ...
>>
>> Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)
>>
>> 				rcu_read_lock();
>> mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
>> 				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
>> 				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
>> xfrm_bydst_resize();
>> synchronize_rcu(); // block
>> 		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>
>>
> ...
>> Fixes: a7c44247f70 ("xfrm: policy: make xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype lockless")
> 
> Minor note: the 'Fixes' commit should be 77cc278f7b20 ("xfrm: policy:
> Use sequence counters with associated lock") instead.
> 
> The reason read_seqcount_begin() is emitting a mutex_lock() on
> PREEMPT_RT is because of the s/seqcount_t/seqcount_mutex_t/ change.
> 

Thanks, corrected it in v2.

> Kind regards,
> 
> --
> Ahmed S. Darwish
> Linutronix GmbH
> 

-- 
SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH
Maxfeldstr. 5
90409 Nürnberg
Germany

HRB 36809, AG Nürnberg
Geschäftsführer: Felix Imendörffer


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
  2021-05-28 16:04 ` [PATCH v2] " Varad Gautam
@ 2021-05-28 16:44   ` Ahmed S. Darwish
  2021-06-03  8:16     ` Steffen Klassert
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Ahmed S. Darwish @ 2021-05-28 16:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Varad Gautam
  Cc: linux-kernel, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable, Steffen Klassert,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal,
	Peter Zijlstra (Intel)

On Fri, May 28, 2021, Varad Gautam wrote:
>
> Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)
>
> 				rcu_read_lock();
> mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
> 				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
> 				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
> xfrm_bydst_resize();
> synchronize_rcu(); // block
> 		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>
>
...
>
> Fixes: 77cc278f7b20 ("xfrm: policy: Use sequence counters with associated lock")
> Signed-off-by: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>

Acked-by: Ahmed S. Darwish <a.darwish@linutronix.de>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype
  2021-05-28 16:44   ` Ahmed S. Darwish
@ 2021-06-03  8:16     ` Steffen Klassert
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Steffen Klassert @ 2021-06-03  8:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ahmed S. Darwish
  Cc: Varad Gautam, linux-kernel, linux-rt-users, netdev, stable,
	Herbert Xu, David S. Miller, Jakub Kicinski, Florian Westphal,
	Peter Zijlstra (Intel)

On Fri, May 28, 2021 at 06:44:37PM +0200, Ahmed S. Darwish wrote:
> On Fri, May 28, 2021, Varad Gautam wrote:
> >
> > Thead 1 (xfrm_hash_resize)	Thread 2 (xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype)
> >
> > 				rcu_read_lock();
> > mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex);
> > 				read_seqcount_begin(&xfrm_policy_hash_generation);
> > 				mutex_lock(&hash_resize_mutex); // block
> > xfrm_bydst_resize();
> > synchronize_rcu(); // block
> > 		<RCU stalls in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype>
> >
> ...
> >
> > Fixes: 77cc278f7b20 ("xfrm: policy: Use sequence counters with associated lock")
> > Signed-off-by: Varad Gautam <varad.gautam@suse.com>
> 
> Acked-by: Ahmed S. Darwish <a.darwish@linutronix.de>

Applied, thanks a lot!

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-06-03  8:16 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2021-05-28 12:03 [PATCH] xfrm: policy: Read seqcount outside of rcu-read side in xfrm_policy_lookup_bytype Varad Gautam
2021-05-28 15:11 ` Ahmed S. Darwish
2021-05-28 16:06   ` Varad Gautam
2021-05-28 16:04 ` [PATCH v2] " Varad Gautam
2021-05-28 16:44   ` Ahmed S. Darwish
2021-06-03  8:16     ` Steffen Klassert

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