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From: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v13a 00/32] Memory folios
Date: Mon, 12 Jul 2021 20:01:32 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210712190204.80979-1-willy@infradead.org> (raw)

Managing memory in 4KiB pages is a serious overhead.  Many benchmarks
benefit from managing memory in larger chunks.  As an example, an earlier
iteration of this idea which used compound pages (and wasn't particularly
tuned) got a 7% performance boost when compiling the kernel.

Using compound pages or THPs exposes a weakness of our type system.
Functions are often unprepared for compound pages to be passed to them,
and may only act on PAGE_SIZE chunks.  Even functions which are aware of
compound pages may expect a head page, and do the wrong thing if passed
a tail page.

We also waste a lot of instructions ensuring that we're not looking at
a tail page.  Almost every call to PageFoo() contains one or more hidden
calls to compound_head().  This also happens for get_page(), put_page()
and many more functions.

This patch series uses a new type, the struct folio, to manage memory.
It provides some basic infrastructure that's worthwhile in its own right,
shrinking the kernel by about 6kB of text.

-- 8< --

This is the first batch of patches for the next merge window.  They are
identical to the ones sent yesterday to linux-kernel and the build bots
didn't complain about any of these.  They have been extensively reviewed.
Please apply.

Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) (32):
  mm: Convert get_page_unless_zero() to return bool
  mm: Introduce struct folio
  mm: Add folio_pgdat(), folio_zone() and folio_zonenum()
  mm/vmstat: Add functions to account folio statistics
  mm/debug: Add VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO() and VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO()
  mm: Add folio reference count functions
  mm: Add folio_put()
  mm: Add folio_get()
  mm: Add folio_try_get_rcu()
  mm: Add folio flag manipulation functions
  mm/lru: Add folio LRU functions
  mm: Handle per-folio private data
  mm/filemap: Add folio_index(), folio_file_page() and folio_contains()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_next_index()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_pos() and folio_file_pos()
  mm/util: Add folio_mapping() and folio_file_mapping()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_unlock()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_lock()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_lock_killable()
  mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_async()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_locked()
  mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_or_retry()
  mm/swap: Add folio_rotate_reclaimable()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_end_writeback()
  mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_writeback()
  mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_stable()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_bit()
  mm/filemap: Add folio_wake_bit()
  mm/filemap: Convert page wait queues to be folios
  mm/filemap: Add folio private_2 functions
  fs/netfs: Add folio fscache functions
  mm: Add folio_mapped()

 Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst           |   4 +
 Documentation/filesystems/netfs_library.rst |   2 +
 fs/afs/write.c                              |   9 +-
 fs/cachefiles/rdwr.c                        |  16 +-
 fs/io_uring.c                               |   2 +-
 include/linux/huge_mm.h                     |  15 -
 include/linux/mm.h                          | 165 +++++++--
 include/linux/mm_inline.h                   |  85 +++--
 include/linux/mm_types.h                    |  77 ++++
 include/linux/mmdebug.h                     |  20 +
 include/linux/netfs.h                       |  77 ++--
 include/linux/page-flags.h                  | 247 +++++++++----
 include/linux/page_ref.h                    | 158 +++++++-
 include/linux/pagemap.h                     | 390 +++++++++++---------
 include/linux/swap.h                        |   7 +-
 include/linux/vmstat.h                      | 107 ++++++
 mm/Makefile                                 |   2 +-
 mm/filemap.c                                | 329 +++++++++--------
 mm/folio-compat.c                           |  43 +++
 mm/internal.h                               |   1 +
 mm/memory.c                                 |   8 +-
 mm/page-writeback.c                         |  72 ++--
 mm/page_io.c                                |   4 +-
 mm/swap.c                                   |  30 +-
 mm/swapfile.c                               |   8 +-
 mm/util.c                                   |  59 +--
 26 files changed, 1356 insertions(+), 581 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 mm/folio-compat.c

-- 
2.30.2


             reply	other threads:[~2021-07-12 19:02 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 33+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-12 19:01 Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) [this message]
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 01/32] mm: Convert get_page_unless_zero() to return bool Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 02/32] mm: Introduce struct folio Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 03/32] mm: Add folio_pgdat(), folio_zone() and folio_zonenum() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 04/32] mm/vmstat: Add functions to account folio statistics Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 05/32] mm/debug: Add VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO() and VM_WARN_ON_ONCE_FOLIO() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 06/32] mm: Add folio reference count functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 07/32] mm: Add folio_put() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 08/32] mm: Add folio_get() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 09/32] mm: Add folio_try_get_rcu() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 10/32] mm: Add folio flag manipulation functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 11/32] mm/lru: Add folio LRU functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 12/32] mm: Handle per-folio private data Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 13/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_index(), folio_file_page() and folio_contains() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 14/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_next_index() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 15/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_pos() and folio_file_pos() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 16/32] mm/util: Add folio_mapping() and folio_file_mapping() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 17/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_unlock() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 18/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_lock() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 19/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_lock_killable() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 20/32] mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_async() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 21/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_locked() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 22/32] mm/filemap: Add __folio_lock_or_retry() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 23/32] mm/swap: Add folio_rotate_reclaimable() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 24/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_end_writeback() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 25/32] mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_writeback() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 26/32] mm/writeback: Add folio_wait_stable() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:01 ` [PATCH v13 27/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_wait_bit() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:02 ` [PATCH v13 28/32] mm/filemap: Add folio_wake_bit() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:02 ` [PATCH v13 29/32] mm/filemap: Convert page wait queues to be folios Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:02 ` [PATCH v13 30/32] mm/filemap: Add folio private_2 functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:02 ` [PATCH v13 31/32] fs/netfs: Add folio fscache functions Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)
2021-07-12 19:02 ` [PATCH v13 32/32] mm: Add folio_mapped() Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)

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