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* [PATCH rcu 0/2] NOCB-CPU updates for v5.15
@ 2021-07-21 20:27 Paul E. McKenney
  2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 1/2] rcu/nocb: Start moving nocb code to its own plugin file Paul E. McKenney
  2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 2/2] rcu/nocb: Remove NOCB deferred wakeup from rcutree_dead_cpu() Paul E. McKenney
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Paul E. McKenney @ 2021-07-21 20:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel

Hello!

The following series provides NOCB updates:

1.	Start moving nocb code to its own plugin file, courtesy of
	Frederic Weisbecker.

2.	Remove NOCB deferred wakeup from rcutree_dead_cpu(), courtesy
	of Frederic Weisbecker.

						Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

 b/kernel/rcu/tree.c        |    1 
 b/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h   | 1496 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h | 1487 --------------------------------------------
 kernel/rcu/tree.c          |    3 
 4 files changed, 1497 insertions(+), 1490 deletions(-)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH rcu 1/2] rcu/nocb: Start moving nocb code to its own plugin file
  2021-07-21 20:27 [PATCH rcu 0/2] NOCB-CPU updates for v5.15 Paul E. McKenney
@ 2021-07-21 20:27 ` Paul E. McKenney
  2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 2/2] rcu/nocb: Remove NOCB deferred wakeup from rcutree_dead_cpu() Paul E. McKenney
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Paul E. McKenney @ 2021-07-21 20:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Frederic Weisbecker,
	Paul E . McKenney

From: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>

The kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h file contains not only the plugins for
preemptible RCU, but also many other features including rcu_nocbs
callback offloading.  This offloading has become large and complex,
so it is time to put it in its own file.

This commit starts that process.

Suggested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
[ paulmck: Rename to tree_nocb.h, add Frederic as author. ]
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c        |    1 +
 kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h   | 1496 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h | 1487 -------------------------------------
 3 files changed, 1497 insertions(+), 1487 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 51f24ecd94b26..b6eb480402e05 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -4784,4 +4784,5 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
 
 #include "tree_stall.h"
 #include "tree_exp.h"
+#include "tree_nocb.h"
 #include "tree_plugin.h"
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..8fdf44f8523f2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_nocb.h
@@ -0,0 +1,1496 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
+/*
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion (tree-based version)
+ * Internal non-public definitions that provide either classic
+ * or preemptible semantics.
+ *
+ * Copyright Red Hat, 2009
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2009
+ * Copyright SUSE, 2021
+ *
+ * Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
+ *	   Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
+ *	   Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
+ */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+static cpumask_var_t rcu_nocb_mask; /* CPUs to have callbacks offloaded. */
+static bool __read_mostly rcu_nocb_poll;    /* Offload kthread are to poll. */
+static inline int rcu_lockdep_is_held_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	return lockdep_is_held(&rdp->nocb_lock);
+}
+
+static inline bool rcu_current_is_nocb_kthread(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	/* Race on early boot between thread creation and assignment */
+	if (!rdp->nocb_cb_kthread || !rdp->nocb_gp_kthread)
+		return true;
+
+	if (current == rdp->nocb_cb_kthread || current == rdp->nocb_gp_kthread)
+		if (in_task())
+			return true;
+	return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Offload callback processing from the boot-time-specified set of CPUs
+ * specified by rcu_nocb_mask.  For the CPUs in the set, there are kthreads
+ * created that pull the callbacks from the corresponding CPU, wait for
+ * a grace period to elapse, and invoke the callbacks.  These kthreads
+ * are organized into GP kthreads, which manage incoming callbacks, wait for
+ * grace periods, and awaken CB kthreads, and the CB kthreads, which only
+ * invoke callbacks.  Each GP kthread invokes its own CBs.  The no-CBs CPUs
+ * do a wake_up() on their GP kthread when they insert a callback into any
+ * empty list, unless the rcu_nocb_poll boot parameter has been specified,
+ * in which case each kthread actively polls its CPU.  (Which isn't so great
+ * for energy efficiency, but which does reduce RCU's overhead on that CPU.)
+ *
+ * This is intended to be used in conjunction with Frederic Weisbecker's
+ * adaptive-idle work, which would seriously reduce OS jitter on CPUs
+ * running CPU-bound user-mode computations.
+ *
+ * Offloading of callbacks can also be used as an energy-efficiency
+ * measure because CPUs with no RCU callbacks queued are more aggressive
+ * about entering dyntick-idle mode.
+ */
+
+
+/*
+ * Parse the boot-time rcu_nocb_mask CPU list from the kernel parameters.
+ * If the list is invalid, a warning is emitted and all CPUs are offloaded.
+ */
+static int __init rcu_nocb_setup(char *str)
+{
+	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&rcu_nocb_mask);
+	if (cpulist_parse(str, rcu_nocb_mask)) {
+		pr_warn("rcu_nocbs= bad CPU range, all CPUs set\n");
+		cpumask_setall(rcu_nocb_mask);
+	}
+	return 1;
+}
+__setup("rcu_nocbs=", rcu_nocb_setup);
+
+static int __init parse_rcu_nocb_poll(char *arg)
+{
+	rcu_nocb_poll = true;
+	return 0;
+}
+early_param("rcu_nocb_poll", parse_rcu_nocb_poll);
+
+/*
+ * Don't bother bypassing ->cblist if the call_rcu() rate is low.
+ * After all, the main point of bypassing is to avoid lock contention
+ * on ->nocb_lock, which only can happen at high call_rcu() rates.
+ */
+static int nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy = 16 * 1000 / HZ;
+module_param(nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy, int, 0);
+
+/*
+ * Acquire the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_bypass_lock.  If the
+ * lock isn't immediately available, increment ->nocb_lock_contended to
+ * flag the contention.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+	__acquires(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	if (raw_spin_trylock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock))
+		return;
+	atomic_inc(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(smp_processor_id() != rdp->cpu);
+	smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* atomic_inc() before lock. */
+	raw_spin_lock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+	smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* atomic_dec() after lock. */
+	atomic_dec(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Spinwait until the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock is
+ * not contended.  Please note that this is extremely special-purpose,
+ * relying on the fact that at most two kthreads and one CPU contend for
+ * this lock, and also that the two kthreads are guaranteed to have frequent
+ * grace-period-duration time intervals between successive acquisitions
+ * of the lock.  This allows us to use an extremely simple throttling
+ * mechanism, and further to apply it only to the CPU doing floods of
+ * call_rcu() invocations.  Don't try this at home!
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_wait_contended(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(smp_processor_id() != rdp->cpu);
+	while (WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended)))
+		cpu_relax();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Conditionally acquire the specified rcu_data structure's
+ * ->nocb_bypass_lock.
+ */
+static bool rcu_nocb_bypass_trylock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	return raw_spin_trylock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_bypass_lock.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+	__releases(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Acquire the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock, but only
+ * if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
+		return;
+	raw_spin_lock(&rdp->nocb_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock, but only
+ * if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
+		lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+		raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_lock);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock and restore
+ * interrupts, but only if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+				       unsigned long flags)
+{
+	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
+		lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
+	} else {
+		local_irq_restore(flags);
+	}
+}
+
+/* Lockdep check that ->cblist may be safely accessed. */
+static void rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
+		lockdep_assert_held(&rdp->nocb_lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wake up any no-CBs CPUs' kthreads that were waiting on the just-ended
+ * grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct swait_queue_head *sq)
+{
+	swake_up_all(sq);
+}
+
+static struct swait_queue_head *rcu_nocb_gp_get(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+	return &rnp->nocb_gp_wq[rcu_seq_ctr(rnp->gp_seq) & 0x1];
+}
+
+static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+	init_swait_queue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[0]);
+	init_swait_queue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[1]);
+}
+
+/* Is the specified CPU a no-CBs CPU? */
+bool rcu_is_nocb_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+	if (cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
+		return cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
+	return false;
+}
+
+static bool __wake_nocb_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp_gp,
+			   struct rcu_data *rdp,
+			   bool force, unsigned long flags)
+	__releases(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock)
+{
+	bool needwake = false;
+
+	if (!READ_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread)) {
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+				    TPS("AlreadyAwake"));
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup > RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT) {
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT);
+		del_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer);
+	}
+
+	if (force || READ_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep)) {
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep, false);
+		needwake = true;
+	}
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	if (needwake) {
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("DoWake"));
+		wake_up_process(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
+	}
+
+	return needwake;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Kick the GP kthread for this NOCB group.
+ */
+static bool wake_nocb_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool force)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	return __wake_nocb_gp(rdp_gp, rdp, force, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Arrange to wake the GP kthread for this NOCB group at some future
+ * time when it is safe to do so.
+ */
+static void wake_nocb_gp_defer(struct rcu_data *rdp, int waketype,
+			       const char *reason)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+
+	/*
+	 * Bypass wakeup overrides previous deferments. In case
+	 * of callback storm, no need to wake up too early.
+	 */
+	if (waketype == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS) {
+		mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + 2);
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, waketype);
+	} else {
+		if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup < RCU_NOCB_WAKE)
+			mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + 1);
+		if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup < waketype)
+			WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, waketype);
+	}
+
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+
+	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, reason);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Flush the ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist, enqueuing rhp if non-NULL.
+ * However, if there is a callback to be enqueued and if ->nocb_bypass
+ * proves to be initially empty, just return false because the no-CB GP
+ * kthread may need to be awakened in this case.
+ *
+ * Note that this function always returns true if rhp is NULL.
+ */
+static bool rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
+				     unsigned long j)
+{
+	struct rcu_cblist rcl;
+
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp));
+	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
+	lockdep_assert_held(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+	if (rhp && !rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass)) {
+		raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+		return false;
+	}
+	/* Note: ->cblist.len already accounts for ->nocb_bypass contents. */
+	if (rhp)
+		rcu_segcblist_inc_len(&rdp->cblist); /* Must precede enqueue. */
+	rcu_cblist_flush_enqueue(&rcl, &rdp->nocb_bypass, rhp);
+	rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
+	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first, j);
+	rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(rdp);
+	return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Flush the ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist, enqueuing rhp if non-NULL.
+ * However, if there is a callback to be enqueued and if ->nocb_bypass
+ * proves to be initially empty, just return false because the no-CB GP
+ * kthread may need to be awakened in this case.
+ *
+ * Note that this function always returns true if rhp is NULL.
+ */
+static bool rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
+				  unsigned long j)
+{
+	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
+		return true;
+	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
+	rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(rdp);
+	return rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(rdp, rhp, j);
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the ->nocb_bypass_lock is immediately available, flush the
+ * ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_try_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, unsigned long j)
+{
+	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
+	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp) ||
+	    !rcu_nocb_bypass_trylock(rdp))
+		return;
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, j));
+}
+
+/*
+ * See whether it is appropriate to use the ->nocb_bypass list in order
+ * to control contention on ->nocb_lock.  A limited number of direct
+ * enqueues are permitted into ->cblist per jiffy.  If ->nocb_bypass
+ * is non-empty, further callbacks must be placed into ->nocb_bypass,
+ * otherwise rcu_barrier() breaks.  Use rcu_nocb_flush_bypass() to switch
+ * back to direct use of ->cblist.  However, ->nocb_bypass should not be
+ * used if ->cblist is empty, because otherwise callbacks can be stranded
+ * on ->nocb_bypass because we cannot count on the current CPU ever again
+ * invoking call_rcu().  The general rule is that if ->nocb_bypass is
+ * non-empty, the corresponding no-CBs grace-period kthread must not be
+ * in an indefinite sleep state.
+ *
+ * Finally, it is not permitted to use the bypass during early boot,
+ * as doing so would confuse the auto-initialization code.  Besides
+ * which, there is no point in worrying about lock contention while
+ * there is only one CPU in operation.
+ */
+static bool rcu_nocb_try_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
+				bool *was_alldone, unsigned long flags)
+{
+	unsigned long c;
+	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
+	unsigned long j = jiffies;
+	long ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
+
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+
+	// Pure softirq/rcuc based processing: no bypassing, no
+	// locking.
+	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
+		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	// In the process of (de-)offloading: no bypassing, but
+	// locking.
+	if (!rcu_segcblist_completely_offloaded(&rdp->cblist)) {
+		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
+		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+		return false; /* Not offloaded, no bypassing. */
+	}
+
+	// Don't use ->nocb_bypass during early boot.
+	if (rcu_scheduler_active != RCU_SCHEDULER_RUNNING) {
+		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
+		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	// If we have advanced to a new jiffy, reset counts to allow
+	// moving back from ->nocb_bypass to ->cblist.
+	if (j == rdp->nocb_nobypass_last) {
+		c = rdp->nocb_nobypass_count + 1;
+	} else {
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_nobypass_last, j);
+		c = rdp->nocb_nobypass_count - nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy;
+		if (ULONG_CMP_LT(rdp->nocb_nobypass_count,
+				 nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy))
+			c = 0;
+		else if (c > nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy)
+			c = nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy;
+	}
+	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_nobypass_count, c);
+
+	// If there hasn't yet been all that many ->cblist enqueues
+	// this jiffy, tell the caller to enqueue onto ->cblist.  But flush
+	// ->nocb_bypass first.
+	if (rdp->nocb_nobypass_count < nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy) {
+		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
+		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+		if (*was_alldone)
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("FirstQ"));
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, j));
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
+		return false; // Caller must enqueue the callback.
+	}
+
+	// If ->nocb_bypass has been used too long or is too full,
+	// flush ->nocb_bypass to ->cblist.
+	if ((ncbs && j != READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first)) ||
+	    ncbs >= qhimark) {
+		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
+		if (!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, rhp, j)) {
+			*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+			if (*was_alldone)
+				trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+						    TPS("FirstQ"));
+			WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
+			return false; // Caller must enqueue the callback.
+		}
+		if (j != rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time &&
+		    rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
+		    rcu_seq_done(&rdp->mynode->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq)) {
+			rcu_advance_cbs_nowake(rdp->mynode, rdp);
+			rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time = j;
+		}
+		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+		return true; // Callback already enqueued.
+	}
+
+	// We need to use the bypass.
+	rcu_nocb_wait_contended(rdp);
+	rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(rdp);
+	ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
+	rcu_segcblist_inc_len(&rdp->cblist); /* Must precede enqueue. */
+	rcu_cblist_enqueue(&rdp->nocb_bypass, rhp);
+	if (!ncbs) {
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first, j);
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("FirstBQ"));
+	}
+	rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(rdp);
+	smp_mb(); /* Order enqueue before wake. */
+	if (ncbs) {
+		local_irq_restore(flags);
+	} else {
+		// No-CBs GP kthread might be indefinitely asleep, if so, wake.
+		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp); // Rare during call_rcu() flood.
+		if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("FirstBQwake"));
+			__call_rcu_nocb_wake(rdp, true, flags);
+		} else {
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("FirstBQnoWake"));
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+		}
+	}
+	return true; // Callback already enqueued.
+}
+
+/*
+ * Awaken the no-CBs grace-period kthread if needed, either due to it
+ * legitimately being asleep or due to overload conditions.
+ *
+ * If warranted, also wake up the kthread servicing this CPUs queues.
+ */
+static void __call_rcu_nocb_wake(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool was_alldone,
+				 unsigned long flags)
+				 __releases(rdp->nocb_lock)
+{
+	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
+	unsigned long j;
+	long len;
+	struct task_struct *t;
+
+	// If we are being polled or there is no kthread, just leave.
+	t = READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread);
+	if (rcu_nocb_poll || !t) {
+		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+				    TPS("WakeNotPoll"));
+		return;
+	}
+	// Need to actually to a wakeup.
+	len = rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
+	if (was_alldone) {
+		rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = len;
+		if (!irqs_disabled_flags(flags)) {
+			/* ... if queue was empty ... */
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			wake_nocb_gp(rdp, false);
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("WakeEmpty"));
+		} else {
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			wake_nocb_gp_defer(rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE,
+					   TPS("WakeEmptyIsDeferred"));
+		}
+	} else if (len > rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check + qhimark) {
+		/* ... or if many callbacks queued. */
+		rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = len;
+		j = jiffies;
+		if (j != rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time &&
+		    rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
+		    rcu_seq_done(&rdp->mynode->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq)) {
+			rcu_advance_cbs_nowake(rdp->mynode, rdp);
+			rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time = j;
+		}
+		smp_mb(); /* Enqueue before timer_pending(). */
+		if ((rdp->nocb_cb_sleep ||
+		     !rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) &&
+		    !timer_pending(&rdp->nocb_timer)) {
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			wake_nocb_gp_defer(rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_FORCE,
+					   TPS("WakeOvfIsDeferred"));
+		} else {
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WakeNot"));
+		}
+	} else {
+		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WakeNot"));
+	}
+	return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if we ignore this rdp.
+ *
+ * We check that without holding the nocb lock but
+ * we make sure not to miss a freshly offloaded rdp
+ * with the current ordering:
+ *
+ *  rdp_offload_toggle()        nocb_gp_enabled_cb()
+ * -------------------------   ----------------------------
+ *    WRITE flags                 LOCK nocb_gp_lock
+ *    LOCK nocb_gp_lock           READ/WRITE nocb_gp_sleep
+ *    READ/WRITE nocb_gp_sleep    UNLOCK nocb_gp_lock
+ *    UNLOCK nocb_gp_lock         READ flags
+ */
+static inline bool nocb_gp_enabled_cb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	u8 flags = SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED | SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP;
+
+	return rcu_segcblist_test_flags(&rdp->cblist, flags);
+}
+
+static inline bool nocb_gp_update_state_deoffloading(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+						     bool *needwake_state)
+{
+	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
+
+	if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED)) {
+		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP)) {
+			rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
+			if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB))
+				*needwake_state = true;
+		}
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * De-offloading. Clear our flag and notify the de-offload worker.
+	 * We will ignore this rdp until it ever gets re-offloaded.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
+	rcu_segcblist_clear_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
+	if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB))
+		*needwake_state = true;
+	return true;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * No-CBs GP kthreads come here to wait for additional callbacks to show up
+ * or for grace periods to end.
+ */
+static void nocb_gp_wait(struct rcu_data *my_rdp)
+{
+	bool bypass = false;
+	long bypass_ncbs;
+	int __maybe_unused cpu = my_rdp->cpu;
+	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool gotcbs = false;
+	unsigned long j = jiffies;
+	bool needwait_gp = false; // This prevents actual uninitialized use.
+	bool needwake;
+	bool needwake_gp;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
+	struct rcu_node *rnp;
+	unsigned long wait_gp_seq = 0; // Suppress "use uninitialized" warning.
+	bool wasempty = false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Each pass through the following loop checks for CBs and for the
+	 * nearest grace period (if any) to wait for next.  The CB kthreads
+	 * and the global grace-period kthread are awakened if needed.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_rdp != my_rdp);
+	for (rdp = my_rdp; rdp; rdp = rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp) {
+		bool needwake_state = false;
+
+		if (!nocb_gp_enabled_cb(rdp))
+			continue;
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("Check"));
+		rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
+		if (nocb_gp_update_state_deoffloading(rdp, &needwake_state)) {
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			if (needwake_state)
+				swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
+			continue;
+		}
+		bypass_ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
+		if (bypass_ncbs &&
+		    (time_after(j, READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first) + 1) ||
+		     bypass_ncbs > 2 * qhimark)) {
+			// Bypass full or old, so flush it.
+			(void)rcu_nocb_try_flush_bypass(rdp, j);
+			bypass_ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
+		} else if (!bypass_ncbs && rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist)) {
+			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+			if (needwake_state)
+				swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
+			continue; /* No callbacks here, try next. */
+		}
+		if (bypass_ncbs) {
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("Bypass"));
+			bypass = true;
+		}
+		rnp = rdp->mynode;
+
+		// Advance callbacks if helpful and low contention.
+		needwake_gp = false;
+		if (!rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
+					     RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) ||
+		    (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
+		     rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq))) {
+			raw_spin_lock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs disabled. */
+			needwake_gp = rcu_advance_cbs(rnp, rdp);
+			wasempty = rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
+							   RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL);
+			raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs disabled. */
+		}
+		// Need to wait on some grace period?
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(wasempty &&
+			     !rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
+						      RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL));
+		if (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq)) {
+			if (!needwait_gp ||
+			    ULONG_CMP_LT(cur_gp_seq, wait_gp_seq))
+				wait_gp_seq = cur_gp_seq;
+			needwait_gp = true;
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
+					    TPS("NeedWaitGP"));
+		}
+		if (rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
+			needwake = rdp->nocb_cb_sleep;
+			WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep, false);
+			smp_mb(); /* CB invocation -after- GP end. */
+		} else {
+			needwake = false;
+		}
+		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+		if (needwake) {
+			swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
+			gotcbs = true;
+		}
+		if (needwake_gp)
+			rcu_gp_kthread_wake();
+		if (needwake_state)
+			swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
+	}
+
+	my_rdp->nocb_gp_bypass = bypass;
+	my_rdp->nocb_gp_gp = needwait_gp;
+	my_rdp->nocb_gp_seq = needwait_gp ? wait_gp_seq : 0;
+
+	if (bypass && !rcu_nocb_poll) {
+		// At least one child with non-empty ->nocb_bypass, so set
+		// timer in order to avoid stranding its callbacks.
+		wake_nocb_gp_defer(my_rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS,
+				   TPS("WakeBypassIsDeferred"));
+	}
+	if (rcu_nocb_poll) {
+		/* Polling, so trace if first poll in the series. */
+		if (gotcbs)
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("Poll"));
+		schedule_timeout_idle(1);
+	} else if (!needwait_gp) {
+		/* Wait for callbacks to appear. */
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("Sleep"));
+		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(my_rdp->nocb_gp_wq,
+				!READ_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep));
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("EndSleep"));
+	} else {
+		rnp = my_rdp->mynode;
+		trace_rcu_this_gp(rnp, my_rdp, wait_gp_seq, TPS("StartWait"));
+		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(
+			rnp->nocb_gp_wq[rcu_seq_ctr(wait_gp_seq) & 0x1],
+			rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, wait_gp_seq) ||
+			!READ_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep));
+		trace_rcu_this_gp(rnp, my_rdp, wait_gp_seq, TPS("EndWait"));
+	}
+	if (!rcu_nocb_poll) {
+		raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&my_rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+		if (my_rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup > RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT) {
+			WRITE_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT);
+			del_timer(&my_rdp->nocb_timer);
+		}
+		WRITE_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep, true);
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&my_rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	}
+	my_rdp->nocb_gp_seq = -1;
+	WARN_ON(signal_pending(current));
+}
+
+/*
+ * No-CBs grace-period-wait kthread.  There is one of these per group
+ * of CPUs, but only once at least one CPU in that group has come online
+ * at least once since boot.  This kthread checks for newly posted
+ * callbacks from any of the CPUs it is responsible for, waits for a
+ * grace period, then awakens all of the rcu_nocb_cb_kthread() instances
+ * that then have callback-invocation work to do.
+ */
+static int rcu_nocb_gp_kthread(void *arg)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
+
+	for (;;) {
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_loops, rdp->nocb_gp_loops + 1);
+		nocb_gp_wait(rdp);
+		cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs();
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool nocb_cb_can_run(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	u8 flags = SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED | SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB;
+	return rcu_segcblist_test_flags(&rdp->cblist, flags);
+}
+
+static inline bool nocb_cb_wait_cond(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	return nocb_cb_can_run(rdp) && !READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Invoke any ready callbacks from the corresponding no-CBs CPU,
+ * then, if there are no more, wait for more to appear.
+ */
+static void nocb_cb_wait(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
+	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool needwake_state = false;
+	bool needwake_gp = false;
+	bool can_sleep = true;
+	struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
+
+	local_irq_save(flags);
+	rcu_momentary_dyntick_idle();
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+	/*
+	 * Disable BH to provide the expected environment.  Also, when
+	 * transitioning to/from NOCB mode, a self-requeuing callback might
+	 * be invoked from softirq.  A short grace period could cause both
+	 * instances of this callback would execute concurrently.
+	 */
+	local_bh_disable();
+	rcu_do_batch(rdp);
+	local_bh_enable();
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled();
+	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
+	if (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
+	    rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq) &&
+	    raw_spin_trylock_rcu_node(rnp)) { /* irqs already disabled. */
+		needwake_gp = rcu_advance_cbs(rdp->mynode, rdp);
+		raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs remain disabled. */
+	}
+
+	if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED)) {
+		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB)) {
+			rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
+			if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP))
+				needwake_state = true;
+		}
+		if (rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(cblist))
+			can_sleep = false;
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * De-offloading. Clear our flag and notify the de-offload worker.
+		 * We won't touch the callbacks and keep sleeping until we ever
+		 * get re-offloaded.
+		 */
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB));
+		rcu_segcblist_clear_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
+		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP))
+			needwake_state = true;
+	}
+
+	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep, can_sleep);
+
+	if (rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)
+		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("CBSleep"));
+
+	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+	if (needwake_gp)
+		rcu_gp_kthread_wake();
+
+	if (needwake_state)
+		swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
+
+	do {
+		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(rdp->nocb_cb_wq,
+						    nocb_cb_wait_cond(rdp));
+
+		// VVV Ensure CB invocation follows _sleep test.
+		if (smp_load_acquire(&rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)) { // ^^^
+			WARN_ON(signal_pending(current));
+			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WokeEmpty"));
+		}
+	} while (!nocb_cb_can_run(rdp));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Per-rcu_data kthread, but only for no-CBs CPUs.  Repeatedly invoke
+ * nocb_cb_wait() to do the dirty work.
+ */
+static int rcu_nocb_cb_kthread(void *arg)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
+
+	// Each pass through this loop does one callback batch, and,
+	// if there are no more ready callbacks, waits for them.
+	for (;;) {
+		nocb_cb_wait(rdp);
+		cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs();
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Is a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() required? */
+static int rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp, int level)
+{
+	return READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup) >= level;
+}
+
+/* Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread(). */
+static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(struct rcu_data *rdp_gp,
+					   struct rcu_data *rdp, int level,
+					   unsigned long flags)
+	__releases(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock)
+{
+	int ndw;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(rdp_gp, level)) {
+		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	ndw = rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup;
+	ret = __wake_nocb_gp(rdp_gp, rdp, ndw == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_FORCE, flags);
+	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("DeferredWake"));
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() from a timer handler. */
+static void do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_timer(struct timer_list *t)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = from_timer(rdp, t, nocb_timer);
+
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_rdp != rdp);
+	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("Timer"));
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	smp_mb__after_spinlock(); /* Timer expire before wakeup. */
+	do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(rdp, rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() from fastpath.
+ * This means we do an inexact common-case check.  Note that if
+ * we miss, ->nocb_timer will eventually clean things up.
+ */
+static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
+
+	if (!rdp_gp || !rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(rdp_gp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE))
+		return false;
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	return do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(rdp_gp, rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE, flags);
+}
+
+void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void)
+{
+	do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup);
+
+static int rdp_offload_toggle(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+			       bool offload, unsigned long flags)
+	__releases(rdp->nocb_lock)
+{
+	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
+	bool wake_gp = false;
+
+	rcu_segcblist_offload(cblist, offload);
+
+	if (rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)
+		rdp->nocb_cb_sleep = false;
+	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
+
+	/*
+	 * Ignore former value of nocb_cb_sleep and force wake up as it could
+	 * have been spuriously set to false already.
+	 */
+	swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
+
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+	if (rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep) {
+		rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep = false;
+		wake_gp = true;
+	}
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
+
+	if (wake_gp)
+		wake_up_process(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long rcu_nocb_rdp_deoffload(void *arg)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
+	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int ret;
+
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->cpu != raw_smp_processor_id());
+
+	pr_info("De-offloading %d\n", rdp->cpu);
+
+	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
+	/*
+	 * Flush once and for all now. This suffices because we are
+	 * running on the target CPU holding ->nocb_lock (thus having
+	 * interrupts disabled), and because rdp_offload_toggle()
+	 * invokes rcu_segcblist_offload(), which clears SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED.
+	 * Thus future calls to rcu_segcblist_completely_offloaded() will
+	 * return false, which means that future calls to rcu_nocb_try_bypass()
+	 * will refuse to put anything into the bypass.
+	 */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, jiffies));
+	ret = rdp_offload_toggle(rdp, false, flags);
+	swait_event_exclusive(rdp->nocb_state_wq,
+			      !rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB |
+							SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
+	/*
+	 * Lock one last time to acquire latest callback updates from kthreads
+	 * so we can later handle callbacks locally without locking.
+	 */
+	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
+	/*
+	 * Theoretically we could set SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY after the nocb
+	 * lock is released but how about being paranoid for once?
+	 */
+	rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY);
+	/*
+	 * With SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY, we can't use
+	 * rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore() anymore.
+	 */
+	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
+
+	/* Sanity check */
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
+
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int rcu_nocb_cpu_deoffload(int cpu)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
+	cpus_read_lock();
+	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
+		if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
+			ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_rdp_deoffload, rdp);
+			if (!ret)
+				cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
+		} else {
+			pr_info("NOCB: Can't CB-deoffload an offline CPU\n");
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+	cpus_read_unlock();
+	mutex_unlock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_cpu_deoffload);
+
+static long rcu_nocb_rdp_offload(void *arg)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
+	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int ret;
+
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->cpu != raw_smp_processor_id());
+	/*
+	 * For now we only support re-offload, ie: the rdp must have been
+	 * offloaded on boot first.
+	 */
+	if (!rdp->nocb_gp_rdp)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	pr_info("Offloading %d\n", rdp->cpu);
+	/*
+	 * Can't use rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave() while we are in
+	 * SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY mode.
+	 */
+	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
+
+	/*
+	 * We didn't take the nocb lock while working on the
+	 * rdp->cblist in SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY mode.
+	 * Every modifications that have been done previously on
+	 * rdp->cblist must be visible remotely by the nocb kthreads
+	 * upon wake up after reading the cblist flags.
+	 *
+	 * The layout against nocb_lock enforces that ordering:
+	 *
+	 *  __rcu_nocb_rdp_offload()   nocb_cb_wait()/nocb_gp_wait()
+	 * -------------------------   ----------------------------
+	 *      WRITE callbacks           rcu_nocb_lock()
+	 *      rcu_nocb_lock()           READ flags
+	 *      WRITE flags               READ callbacks
+	 *      rcu_nocb_unlock()         rcu_nocb_unlock()
+	 */
+	ret = rdp_offload_toggle(rdp, true, flags);
+	swait_event_exclusive(rdp->nocb_state_wq,
+			      rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB) &&
+			      rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int rcu_nocb_cpu_offload(int cpu)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
+	cpus_read_lock();
+	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
+		if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
+			ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_rdp_offload, rdp);
+			if (!ret)
+				cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
+		} else {
+			pr_info("NOCB: Can't CB-offload an offline CPU\n");
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+	cpus_read_unlock();
+	mutex_unlock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_cpu_offload);
+
+void __init rcu_init_nohz(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	bool need_rcu_nocb_mask = false;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL)
+	if (tick_nohz_full_running && cpumask_weight(tick_nohz_full_mask))
+		need_rcu_nocb_mask = true;
+#endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL) */
+
+	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask) && need_rcu_nocb_mask) {
+		if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&rcu_nocb_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) {
+			pr_info("rcu_nocb_mask allocation failed, callback offloading disabled.\n");
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
+		return;
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL)
+	if (tick_nohz_full_running)
+		cpumask_or(rcu_nocb_mask, rcu_nocb_mask, tick_nohz_full_mask);
+#endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL) */
+
+	if (!cpumask_subset(rcu_nocb_mask, cpu_possible_mask)) {
+		pr_info("\tNote: kernel parameter 'rcu_nocbs=', 'nohz_full', or 'isolcpus=' contains nonexistent CPUs.\n");
+		cpumask_and(rcu_nocb_mask, cpu_possible_mask,
+			    rcu_nocb_mask);
+	}
+	if (cpumask_empty(rcu_nocb_mask))
+		pr_info("\tOffload RCU callbacks from CPUs: (none).\n");
+	else
+		pr_info("\tOffload RCU callbacks from CPUs: %*pbl.\n",
+			cpumask_pr_args(rcu_nocb_mask));
+	if (rcu_nocb_poll)
+		pr_info("\tPoll for callbacks from no-CBs CPUs.\n");
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask) {
+		rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+		if (rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist))
+			rcu_segcblist_init(&rdp->cblist);
+		rcu_segcblist_offload(&rdp->cblist, true);
+		rcu_segcblist_set_flags(&rdp->cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
+		rcu_segcblist_set_flags(&rdp->cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
+	}
+	rcu_organize_nocb_kthreads();
+}
+
+/* Initialize per-rcu_data variables for no-CBs CPUs. */
+static void __init rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
+	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq);
+	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_lock);
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
+	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock);
+	timer_setup(&rdp->nocb_timer, do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_timer, 0);
+	rcu_cblist_init(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the specified CPU is a no-CBs CPU that does not already have its
+ * rcuo CB kthread, spawn it.  Additionally, if the rcuo GP kthread
+ * for this CPU's group has not yet been created, spawn it as well.
+ */
+static void rcu_spawn_one_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
+{
+	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp;
+	struct task_struct *t;
+
+	/*
+	 * If this isn't a no-CBs CPU or if it already has an rcuo kthread,
+	 * then nothing to do.
+	 */
+	if (!rcu_is_nocb_cpu(cpu) || rdp->nocb_cb_kthread)
+		return;
+
+	/* If we didn't spawn the GP kthread first, reorganize! */
+	rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
+	if (!rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread) {
+		t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_gp_kthread, rdp_gp,
+				"rcuog/%d", rdp_gp->cpu);
+		if (WARN_ONCE(IS_ERR(t), "%s: Could not start rcuo GP kthread, OOM is now expected behavior\n", __func__))
+			return;
+		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread, t);
+	}
+
+	/* Spawn the kthread for this CPU. */
+	t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_cb_kthread, rdp,
+			"rcuo%c/%d", rcu_state.abbr, cpu);
+	if (WARN_ONCE(IS_ERR(t), "%s: Could not start rcuo CB kthread, OOM is now expected behavior\n", __func__))
+		return;
+	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread, t);
+	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread, rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the specified CPU is a no-CBs CPU that does not already have its
+ * rcuo kthread, spawn it.
+ */
+static void rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
+{
+	if (rcu_scheduler_fully_active)
+		rcu_spawn_one_nocb_kthread(cpu);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Once the scheduler is running, spawn rcuo kthreads for all online
+ * no-CBs CPUs.  This assumes that the early_initcall()s happen before
+ * non-boot CPUs come online -- if this changes, we will need to add
+ * some mutual exclusion.
+ */
+static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+		rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(cpu);
+}
+
+/* How many CB CPU IDs per GP kthread?  Default of -1 for sqrt(nr_cpu_ids). */
+static int rcu_nocb_gp_stride = -1;
+module_param(rcu_nocb_gp_stride, int, 0444);
+
+/*
+ * Initialize GP-CB relationships for all no-CBs CPU.
+ */
+static void __init rcu_organize_nocb_kthreads(void)
+{
+	int cpu;
+	bool firsttime = true;
+	bool gotnocbs = false;
+	bool gotnocbscbs = true;
+	int ls = rcu_nocb_gp_stride;
+	int nl = 0;  /* Next GP kthread. */
+	struct rcu_data *rdp;
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = NULL;  /* Suppress misguided gcc warn. */
+	struct rcu_data *rdp_prev = NULL;
+
+	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
+		return;
+	if (ls == -1) {
+		ls = nr_cpu_ids / int_sqrt(nr_cpu_ids);
+		rcu_nocb_gp_stride = ls;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Each pass through this loop sets up one rcu_data structure.
+	 * Should the corresponding CPU come online in the future, then
+	 * we will spawn the needed set of rcu_nocb_kthread() kthreads.
+	 */
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask) {
+		rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+		if (rdp->cpu >= nl) {
+			/* New GP kthread, set up for CBs & next GP. */
+			gotnocbs = true;
+			nl = DIV_ROUND_UP(rdp->cpu + 1, ls) * ls;
+			rdp->nocb_gp_rdp = rdp;
+			rdp_gp = rdp;
+			if (dump_tree) {
+				if (!firsttime)
+					pr_cont("%s\n", gotnocbscbs
+							? "" : " (self only)");
+				gotnocbscbs = false;
+				firsttime = false;
+				pr_alert("%s: No-CB GP kthread CPU %d:",
+					 __func__, cpu);
+			}
+		} else {
+			/* Another CB kthread, link to previous GP kthread. */
+			gotnocbscbs = true;
+			rdp->nocb_gp_rdp = rdp_gp;
+			rdp_prev->nocb_next_cb_rdp = rdp;
+			if (dump_tree)
+				pr_cont(" %d", cpu);
+		}
+		rdp_prev = rdp;
+	}
+	if (gotnocbs && dump_tree)
+		pr_cont("%s\n", gotnocbscbs ? "" : " (self only)");
+}
+
+/*
+ * Bind the current task to the offloaded CPUs.  If there are no offloaded
+ * CPUs, leave the task unbound.  Splat if the bind attempt fails.
+ */
+void rcu_bind_current_to_nocb(void)
+{
+	if (cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask) && cpumask_weight(rcu_nocb_mask))
+		WARN_ON(sched_setaffinity(current->pid, rcu_nocb_mask));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_bind_current_to_nocb);
+
+// The ->on_cpu field is available only in CONFIG_SMP=y, so...
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static char *show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(struct task_struct *tsp)
+{
+	return tsp && task_is_running(tsp) && !tsp->on_cpu ? "!" : "";
+}
+#else // #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static char *show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(struct task_struct *tsp)
+{
+	return "";
+}
+#endif // #else #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+
+/*
+ * Dump out nocb grace-period kthread state for the specified rcu_data
+ * structure.
+ */
+static void show_rcu_nocb_gp_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
+
+	pr_info("nocb GP %d %c%c%c%c%c %c[%c%c] %c%c:%ld rnp %d:%d %lu %c CPU %d%s\n",
+		rdp->cpu,
+		"kK"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_kthread],
+		"lL"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock)],
+		"dD"[!!rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup],
+		"tT"[timer_pending(&rdp->nocb_timer)],
+		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep],
+		".W"[swait_active(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq)],
+		".W"[swait_active(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[0])],
+		".W"[swait_active(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[1])],
+		".B"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_bypass],
+		".G"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_gp],
+		(long)rdp->nocb_gp_seq,
+		rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi, READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_loops),
+		rdp->nocb_gp_kthread ? task_state_to_char(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : '.',
+		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? (int)task_cpu(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : -1,
+		show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread));
+}
+
+/* Dump out nocb kthread state for the specified rcu_data structure. */
+static void show_rcu_nocb_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	char bufw[20];
+	char bufr[20];
+	struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp = &rdp->cblist;
+	bool waslocked;
+	bool wassleep;
+
+	if (rdp->nocb_gp_rdp == rdp)
+		show_rcu_nocb_gp_state(rdp);
+
+	sprintf(bufw, "%ld", rsclp->gp_seq[RCU_WAIT_TAIL]);
+	sprintf(bufr, "%ld", rsclp->gp_seq[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL]);
+	pr_info("   CB %d^%d->%d %c%c%c%c%c%c F%ld L%ld C%d %c%c%s%c%s%c%c q%ld %c CPU %d%s\n",
+		rdp->cpu, rdp->nocb_gp_rdp->cpu,
+		rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp ? rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp->cpu : -1,
+		"kK"[!!rdp->nocb_cb_kthread],
+		"bB"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)],
+		"cC"[!!atomic_read(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended)],
+		"lL"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_lock)],
+		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_cb_sleep],
+		".W"[swait_active(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq)],
+		jiffies - rdp->nocb_bypass_first,
+		jiffies - rdp->nocb_nobypass_last,
+		rdp->nocb_nobypass_count,
+		".D"[rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(rsclp)],
+		".W"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL)],
+		rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL) ? "" : bufw,
+		".R"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL)],
+		rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) ? "" : bufr,
+		".N"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL)],
+		".B"[!!rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass)],
+		rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist),
+		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? task_state_to_char(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread) : '.',
+		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? (int)task_cpu(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : -1,
+		show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread));
+
+	/* It is OK for GP kthreads to have GP state. */
+	if (rdp->nocb_gp_rdp == rdp)
+		return;
+
+	waslocked = raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock);
+	wassleep = swait_active(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq);
+	if (!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep && !waslocked && !wassleep)
+		return;  /* Nothing untoward. */
+
+	pr_info("   nocb GP activity on CB-only CPU!!! %c%c%c %c\n",
+		"lL"[waslocked],
+		"dD"[!!rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup],
+		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep],
+		".W"[wassleep]);
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
+
+static inline int rcu_lockdep_is_held_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool rcu_current_is_nocb_kthread(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+/* No ->nocb_lock to acquire.  */
+static void rcu_nocb_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+}
+
+/* No ->nocb_lock to release.  */
+static void rcu_nocb_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+}
+
+/* No ->nocb_lock to release.  */
+static void rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+				       unsigned long flags)
+{
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/* Lockdep check that ->cblist may be safely accessed. */
+static void rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
+}
+
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct swait_queue_head *sq)
+{
+}
+
+static struct swait_queue_head *rcu_nocb_gp_get(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+}
+
+static bool rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
+				  unsigned long j)
+{
+	return true;
+}
+
+static bool rcu_nocb_try_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
+				bool *was_alldone, unsigned long flags)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static void __call_rcu_nocb_wake(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool was_empty,
+				 unsigned long flags)
+{
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);  /* Should be dead code! */
+}
+
+static void __init rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+}
+
+static int rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp, int level)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
+static void rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
+{
+}
+
+static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(void)
+{
+}
+
+static void show_rcu_nocb_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
index de1dc3bb7f701..aec5075c60b30 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
@@ -13,39 +13,6 @@
 
 #include "../locking/rtmutex_common.h"
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
-static cpumask_var_t rcu_nocb_mask; /* CPUs to have callbacks offloaded. */
-static bool __read_mostly rcu_nocb_poll;    /* Offload kthread are to poll. */
-static inline int rcu_lockdep_is_held_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	return lockdep_is_held(&rdp->nocb_lock);
-}
-
-static inline bool rcu_current_is_nocb_kthread(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	/* Race on early boot between thread creation and assignment */
-	if (!rdp->nocb_cb_kthread || !rdp->nocb_gp_kthread)
-		return true;
-
-	if (current == rdp->nocb_cb_kthread || current == rdp->nocb_gp_kthread)
-		if (in_task())
-			return true;
-	return false;
-}
-
-#else
-static inline int rcu_lockdep_is_held_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static inline bool rcu_current_is_nocb_kthread(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
-
 static bool rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(struct rcu_data *rdp)
 {
 	/*
@@ -1479,1460 +1446,6 @@ static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(void)
 
 #endif /* #else #if !defined(CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ) */
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
-
-/*
- * Offload callback processing from the boot-time-specified set of CPUs
- * specified by rcu_nocb_mask.  For the CPUs in the set, there are kthreads
- * created that pull the callbacks from the corresponding CPU, wait for
- * a grace period to elapse, and invoke the callbacks.  These kthreads
- * are organized into GP kthreads, which manage incoming callbacks, wait for
- * grace periods, and awaken CB kthreads, and the CB kthreads, which only
- * invoke callbacks.  Each GP kthread invokes its own CBs.  The no-CBs CPUs
- * do a wake_up() on their GP kthread when they insert a callback into any
- * empty list, unless the rcu_nocb_poll boot parameter has been specified,
- * in which case each kthread actively polls its CPU.  (Which isn't so great
- * for energy efficiency, but which does reduce RCU's overhead on that CPU.)
- *
- * This is intended to be used in conjunction with Frederic Weisbecker's
- * adaptive-idle work, which would seriously reduce OS jitter on CPUs
- * running CPU-bound user-mode computations.
- *
- * Offloading of callbacks can also be used as an energy-efficiency
- * measure because CPUs with no RCU callbacks queued are more aggressive
- * about entering dyntick-idle mode.
- */
-
-
-/*
- * Parse the boot-time rcu_nocb_mask CPU list from the kernel parameters.
- * If the list is invalid, a warning is emitted and all CPUs are offloaded.
- */
-static int __init rcu_nocb_setup(char *str)
-{
-	alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&rcu_nocb_mask);
-	if (cpulist_parse(str, rcu_nocb_mask)) {
-		pr_warn("rcu_nocbs= bad CPU range, all CPUs set\n");
-		cpumask_setall(rcu_nocb_mask);
-	}
-	return 1;
-}
-__setup("rcu_nocbs=", rcu_nocb_setup);
-
-static int __init parse_rcu_nocb_poll(char *arg)
-{
-	rcu_nocb_poll = true;
-	return 0;
-}
-early_param("rcu_nocb_poll", parse_rcu_nocb_poll);
-
-/*
- * Don't bother bypassing ->cblist if the call_rcu() rate is low.
- * After all, the main point of bypassing is to avoid lock contention
- * on ->nocb_lock, which only can happen at high call_rcu() rates.
- */
-static int nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy = 16 * 1000 / HZ;
-module_param(nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy, int, 0);
-
-/*
- * Acquire the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_bypass_lock.  If the
- * lock isn't immediately available, increment ->nocb_lock_contended to
- * flag the contention.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-	__acquires(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-	if (raw_spin_trylock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock))
-		return;
-	atomic_inc(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended);
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(smp_processor_id() != rdp->cpu);
-	smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* atomic_inc() before lock. */
-	raw_spin_lock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-	smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* atomic_dec() after lock. */
-	atomic_dec(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended);
-}
-
-/*
- * Spinwait until the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock is
- * not contended.  Please note that this is extremely special-purpose,
- * relying on the fact that at most two kthreads and one CPU contend for
- * this lock, and also that the two kthreads are guaranteed to have frequent
- * grace-period-duration time intervals between successive acquisitions
- * of the lock.  This allows us to use an extremely simple throttling
- * mechanism, and further to apply it only to the CPU doing floods of
- * call_rcu() invocations.  Don't try this at home!
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_wait_contended(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(smp_processor_id() != rdp->cpu);
-	while (WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended)))
-		cpu_relax();
-}
-
-/*
- * Conditionally acquire the specified rcu_data structure's
- * ->nocb_bypass_lock.
- */
-static bool rcu_nocb_bypass_trylock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-	return raw_spin_trylock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-}
-
-/*
- * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_bypass_lock.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-	__releases(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-	raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-}
-
-/*
- * Acquire the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock, but only
- * if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
-		return;
-	raw_spin_lock(&rdp->nocb_lock);
-}
-
-/*
- * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock, but only
- * if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
-		lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-		raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_lock);
-	}
-}
-
-/*
- * Release the specified rcu_data structure's ->nocb_lock and restore
- * interrupts, but only if it corresponds to a no-CBs CPU.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(struct rcu_data *rdp,
-				       unsigned long flags)
-{
-	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
-		lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
-	} else {
-		local_irq_restore(flags);
-	}
-}
-
-/* Lockdep check that ->cblist may be safely accessed. */
-static void rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
-		lockdep_assert_held(&rdp->nocb_lock);
-}
-
-/*
- * Wake up any no-CBs CPUs' kthreads that were waiting on the just-ended
- * grace period.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct swait_queue_head *sq)
-{
-	swake_up_all(sq);
-}
-
-static struct swait_queue_head *rcu_nocb_gp_get(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
-	return &rnp->nocb_gp_wq[rcu_seq_ctr(rnp->gp_seq) & 0x1];
-}
-
-static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
-	init_swait_queue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[0]);
-	init_swait_queue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[1]);
-}
-
-/* Is the specified CPU a no-CBs CPU? */
-bool rcu_is_nocb_cpu(int cpu)
-{
-	if (cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
-		return cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
-	return false;
-}
-
-static bool __wake_nocb_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp_gp,
-			   struct rcu_data *rdp,
-			   bool force, unsigned long flags)
-	__releases(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock)
-{
-	bool needwake = false;
-
-	if (!READ_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread)) {
-		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-				    TPS("AlreadyAwake"));
-		return false;
-	}
-
-	if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup > RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT) {
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT);
-		del_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer);
-	}
-
-	if (force || READ_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep)) {
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep, false);
-		needwake = true;
-	}
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	if (needwake) {
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("DoWake"));
-		wake_up_process(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
-	}
-
-	return needwake;
-}
-
-/*
- * Kick the GP kthread for this NOCB group.
- */
-static bool wake_nocb_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool force)
-{
-	unsigned long flags;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	return __wake_nocb_gp(rdp_gp, rdp, force, flags);
-}
-
-/*
- * Arrange to wake the GP kthread for this NOCB group at some future
- * time when it is safe to do so.
- */
-static void wake_nocb_gp_defer(struct rcu_data *rdp, int waketype,
-			       const char *reason)
-{
-	unsigned long flags;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-
-	/*
-	 * Bypass wakeup overrides previous deferments. In case
-	 * of callback storm, no need to wake up too early.
-	 */
-	if (waketype == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS) {
-		mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + 2);
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, waketype);
-	} else {
-		if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup < RCU_NOCB_WAKE)
-			mod_timer(&rdp_gp->nocb_timer, jiffies + 1);
-		if (rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup < waketype)
-			WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup, waketype);
-	}
-
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-
-	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, reason);
-}
-
-/*
- * Flush the ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist, enqueuing rhp if non-NULL.
- * However, if there is a callback to be enqueued and if ->nocb_bypass
- * proves to be initially empty, just return false because the no-CB GP
- * kthread may need to be awakened in this case.
- *
- * Note that this function always returns true if rhp is NULL.
- */
-static bool rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
-				     unsigned long j)
-{
-	struct rcu_cblist rcl;
-
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp));
-	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
-	lockdep_assert_held(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-	if (rhp && !rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass)) {
-		raw_spin_unlock(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-		return false;
-	}
-	/* Note: ->cblist.len already accounts for ->nocb_bypass contents. */
-	if (rhp)
-		rcu_segcblist_inc_len(&rdp->cblist); /* Must precede enqueue. */
-	rcu_cblist_flush_enqueue(&rcl, &rdp->nocb_bypass, rhp);
-	rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
-	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first, j);
-	rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(rdp);
-	return true;
-}
-
-/*
- * Flush the ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist, enqueuing rhp if non-NULL.
- * However, if there is a callback to be enqueued and if ->nocb_bypass
- * proves to be initially empty, just return false because the no-CB GP
- * kthread may need to be awakened in this case.
- *
- * Note that this function always returns true if rhp is NULL.
- */
-static bool rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
-				  unsigned long j)
-{
-	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp))
-		return true;
-	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
-	rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(rdp);
-	return rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(rdp, rhp, j);
-}
-
-/*
- * If the ->nocb_bypass_lock is immediately available, flush the
- * ->nocb_bypass queue into ->cblist.
- */
-static void rcu_nocb_try_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, unsigned long j)
-{
-	rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(rdp);
-	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp) ||
-	    !rcu_nocb_bypass_trylock(rdp))
-		return;
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_do_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, j));
-}
-
-/*
- * See whether it is appropriate to use the ->nocb_bypass list in order
- * to control contention on ->nocb_lock.  A limited number of direct
- * enqueues are permitted into ->cblist per jiffy.  If ->nocb_bypass
- * is non-empty, further callbacks must be placed into ->nocb_bypass,
- * otherwise rcu_barrier() breaks.  Use rcu_nocb_flush_bypass() to switch
- * back to direct use of ->cblist.  However, ->nocb_bypass should not be
- * used if ->cblist is empty, because otherwise callbacks can be stranded
- * on ->nocb_bypass because we cannot count on the current CPU ever again
- * invoking call_rcu().  The general rule is that if ->nocb_bypass is
- * non-empty, the corresponding no-CBs grace-period kthread must not be
- * in an indefinite sleep state.
- *
- * Finally, it is not permitted to use the bypass during early boot,
- * as doing so would confuse the auto-initialization code.  Besides
- * which, there is no point in worrying about lock contention while
- * there is only one CPU in operation.
- */
-static bool rcu_nocb_try_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
-				bool *was_alldone, unsigned long flags)
-{
-	unsigned long c;
-	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
-	unsigned long j = jiffies;
-	long ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
-
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-
-	// Pure softirq/rcuc based processing: no bypassing, no
-	// locking.
-	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
-		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-		return false;
-	}
-
-	// In the process of (de-)offloading: no bypassing, but
-	// locking.
-	if (!rcu_segcblist_completely_offloaded(&rdp->cblist)) {
-		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
-		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-		return false; /* Not offloaded, no bypassing. */
-	}
-
-	// Don't use ->nocb_bypass during early boot.
-	if (rcu_scheduler_active != RCU_SCHEDULER_RUNNING) {
-		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
-		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-		return false;
-	}
-
-	// If we have advanced to a new jiffy, reset counts to allow
-	// moving back from ->nocb_bypass to ->cblist.
-	if (j == rdp->nocb_nobypass_last) {
-		c = rdp->nocb_nobypass_count + 1;
-	} else {
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_nobypass_last, j);
-		c = rdp->nocb_nobypass_count - nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy;
-		if (ULONG_CMP_LT(rdp->nocb_nobypass_count,
-				 nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy))
-			c = 0;
-		else if (c > nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy)
-			c = nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy;
-	}
-	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_nobypass_count, c);
-
-	// If there hasn't yet been all that many ->cblist enqueues
-	// this jiffy, tell the caller to enqueue onto ->cblist.  But flush
-	// ->nocb_bypass first.
-	if (rdp->nocb_nobypass_count < nocb_nobypass_lim_per_jiffy) {
-		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
-		*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-		if (*was_alldone)
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("FirstQ"));
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, j));
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
-		return false; // Caller must enqueue the callback.
-	}
-
-	// If ->nocb_bypass has been used too long or is too full,
-	// flush ->nocb_bypass to ->cblist.
-	if ((ncbs && j != READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first)) ||
-	    ncbs >= qhimark) {
-		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp);
-		if (!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, rhp, j)) {
-			*was_alldone = !rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-			if (*was_alldone)
-				trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-						    TPS("FirstQ"));
-			WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
-			return false; // Caller must enqueue the callback.
-		}
-		if (j != rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time &&
-		    rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
-		    rcu_seq_done(&rdp->mynode->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq)) {
-			rcu_advance_cbs_nowake(rdp->mynode, rdp);
-			rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time = j;
-		}
-		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-		return true; // Callback already enqueued.
-	}
-
-	// We need to use the bypass.
-	rcu_nocb_wait_contended(rdp);
-	rcu_nocb_bypass_lock(rdp);
-	ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
-	rcu_segcblist_inc_len(&rdp->cblist); /* Must precede enqueue. */
-	rcu_cblist_enqueue(&rdp->nocb_bypass, rhp);
-	if (!ncbs) {
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first, j);
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("FirstBQ"));
-	}
-	rcu_nocb_bypass_unlock(rdp);
-	smp_mb(); /* Order enqueue before wake. */
-	if (ncbs) {
-		local_irq_restore(flags);
-	} else {
-		// No-CBs GP kthread might be indefinitely asleep, if so, wake.
-		rcu_nocb_lock(rdp); // Rare during call_rcu() flood.
-		if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("FirstBQwake"));
-			__call_rcu_nocb_wake(rdp, true, flags);
-		} else {
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("FirstBQnoWake"));
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-		}
-	}
-	return true; // Callback already enqueued.
-}
-
-/*
- * Awaken the no-CBs grace-period kthread if needed, either due to it
- * legitimately being asleep or due to overload conditions.
- *
- * If warranted, also wake up the kthread servicing this CPUs queues.
- */
-static void __call_rcu_nocb_wake(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool was_alldone,
-				 unsigned long flags)
-				 __releases(rdp->nocb_lock)
-{
-	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
-	unsigned long j;
-	long len;
-	struct task_struct *t;
-
-	// If we are being polled or there is no kthread, just leave.
-	t = READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread);
-	if (rcu_nocb_poll || !t) {
-		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-				    TPS("WakeNotPoll"));
-		return;
-	}
-	// Need to actually to a wakeup.
-	len = rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
-	if (was_alldone) {
-		rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = len;
-		if (!irqs_disabled_flags(flags)) {
-			/* ... if queue was empty ... */
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			wake_nocb_gp(rdp, false);
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("WakeEmpty"));
-		} else {
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			wake_nocb_gp_defer(rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE,
-					   TPS("WakeEmptyIsDeferred"));
-		}
-	} else if (len > rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check + qhimark) {
-		/* ... or if many callbacks queued. */
-		rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = len;
-		j = jiffies;
-		if (j != rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time &&
-		    rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
-		    rcu_seq_done(&rdp->mynode->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq)) {
-			rcu_advance_cbs_nowake(rdp->mynode, rdp);
-			rdp->nocb_gp_adv_time = j;
-		}
-		smp_mb(); /* Enqueue before timer_pending(). */
-		if ((rdp->nocb_cb_sleep ||
-		     !rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) &&
-		    !timer_pending(&rdp->nocb_timer)) {
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			wake_nocb_gp_defer(rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_FORCE,
-					   TPS("WakeOvfIsDeferred"));
-		} else {
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WakeNot"));
-		}
-	} else {
-		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WakeNot"));
-	}
-	return;
-}
-
-/*
- * Check if we ignore this rdp.
- *
- * We check that without holding the nocb lock but
- * we make sure not to miss a freshly offloaded rdp
- * with the current ordering:
- *
- *  rdp_offload_toggle()        nocb_gp_enabled_cb()
- * -------------------------   ----------------------------
- *    WRITE flags                 LOCK nocb_gp_lock
- *    LOCK nocb_gp_lock           READ/WRITE nocb_gp_sleep
- *    READ/WRITE nocb_gp_sleep    UNLOCK nocb_gp_lock
- *    UNLOCK nocb_gp_lock         READ flags
- */
-static inline bool nocb_gp_enabled_cb(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	u8 flags = SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED | SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP;
-
-	return rcu_segcblist_test_flags(&rdp->cblist, flags);
-}
-
-static inline bool nocb_gp_update_state_deoffloading(struct rcu_data *rdp,
-						     bool *needwake_state)
-{
-	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
-
-	if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED)) {
-		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP)) {
-			rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
-			if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB))
-				*needwake_state = true;
-		}
-		return false;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * De-offloading. Clear our flag and notify the de-offload worker.
-	 * We will ignore this rdp until it ever gets re-offloaded.
-	 */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
-	rcu_segcblist_clear_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
-	if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB))
-		*needwake_state = true;
-	return true;
-}
-
-
-/*
- * No-CBs GP kthreads come here to wait for additional callbacks to show up
- * or for grace periods to end.
- */
-static void nocb_gp_wait(struct rcu_data *my_rdp)
-{
-	bool bypass = false;
-	long bypass_ncbs;
-	int __maybe_unused cpu = my_rdp->cpu;
-	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
-	unsigned long flags;
-	bool gotcbs = false;
-	unsigned long j = jiffies;
-	bool needwait_gp = false; // This prevents actual uninitialized use.
-	bool needwake;
-	bool needwake_gp;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp;
-	struct rcu_node *rnp;
-	unsigned long wait_gp_seq = 0; // Suppress "use uninitialized" warning.
-	bool wasempty = false;
-
-	/*
-	 * Each pass through the following loop checks for CBs and for the
-	 * nearest grace period (if any) to wait for next.  The CB kthreads
-	 * and the global grace-period kthread are awakened if needed.
-	 */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_rdp != my_rdp);
-	for (rdp = my_rdp; rdp; rdp = rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp) {
-		bool needwake_state = false;
-
-		if (!nocb_gp_enabled_cb(rdp))
-			continue;
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("Check"));
-		rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
-		if (nocb_gp_update_state_deoffloading(rdp, &needwake_state)) {
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			if (needwake_state)
-				swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
-			continue;
-		}
-		bypass_ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
-		if (bypass_ncbs &&
-		    (time_after(j, READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_bypass_first) + 1) ||
-		     bypass_ncbs > 2 * qhimark)) {
-			// Bypass full or old, so flush it.
-			(void)rcu_nocb_try_flush_bypass(rdp, j);
-			bypass_ncbs = rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
-		} else if (!bypass_ncbs && rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist)) {
-			rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-			if (needwake_state)
-				swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
-			continue; /* No callbacks here, try next. */
-		}
-		if (bypass_ncbs) {
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("Bypass"));
-			bypass = true;
-		}
-		rnp = rdp->mynode;
-
-		// Advance callbacks if helpful and low contention.
-		needwake_gp = false;
-		if (!rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
-					     RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) ||
-		    (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
-		     rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq))) {
-			raw_spin_lock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs disabled. */
-			needwake_gp = rcu_advance_cbs(rnp, rdp);
-			wasempty = rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
-							   RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL);
-			raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs disabled. */
-		}
-		// Need to wait on some grace period?
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(wasempty &&
-			     !rcu_segcblist_restempty(&rdp->cblist,
-						      RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL));
-		if (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(&rdp->cblist, &cur_gp_seq)) {
-			if (!needwait_gp ||
-			    ULONG_CMP_LT(cur_gp_seq, wait_gp_seq))
-				wait_gp_seq = cur_gp_seq;
-			needwait_gp = true;
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu,
-					    TPS("NeedWaitGP"));
-		}
-		if (rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
-			needwake = rdp->nocb_cb_sleep;
-			WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep, false);
-			smp_mb(); /* CB invocation -after- GP end. */
-		} else {
-			needwake = false;
-		}
-		rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-		if (needwake) {
-			swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
-			gotcbs = true;
-		}
-		if (needwake_gp)
-			rcu_gp_kthread_wake();
-		if (needwake_state)
-			swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
-	}
-
-	my_rdp->nocb_gp_bypass = bypass;
-	my_rdp->nocb_gp_gp = needwait_gp;
-	my_rdp->nocb_gp_seq = needwait_gp ? wait_gp_seq : 0;
-
-	if (bypass && !rcu_nocb_poll) {
-		// At least one child with non-empty ->nocb_bypass, so set
-		// timer in order to avoid stranding its callbacks.
-		wake_nocb_gp_defer(my_rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS,
-				   TPS("WakeBypassIsDeferred"));
-	}
-	if (rcu_nocb_poll) {
-		/* Polling, so trace if first poll in the series. */
-		if (gotcbs)
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("Poll"));
-		schedule_timeout_idle(1);
-	} else if (!needwait_gp) {
-		/* Wait for callbacks to appear. */
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("Sleep"));
-		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(my_rdp->nocb_gp_wq,
-				!READ_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep));
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, cpu, TPS("EndSleep"));
-	} else {
-		rnp = my_rdp->mynode;
-		trace_rcu_this_gp(rnp, my_rdp, wait_gp_seq, TPS("StartWait"));
-		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(
-			rnp->nocb_gp_wq[rcu_seq_ctr(wait_gp_seq) & 0x1],
-			rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, wait_gp_seq) ||
-			!READ_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep));
-		trace_rcu_this_gp(rnp, my_rdp, wait_gp_seq, TPS("EndWait"));
-	}
-	if (!rcu_nocb_poll) {
-		raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&my_rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-		if (my_rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup > RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT) {
-			WRITE_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_NOT);
-			del_timer(&my_rdp->nocb_timer);
-		}
-		WRITE_ONCE(my_rdp->nocb_gp_sleep, true);
-		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&my_rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	}
-	my_rdp->nocb_gp_seq = -1;
-	WARN_ON(signal_pending(current));
-}
-
-/*
- * No-CBs grace-period-wait kthread.  There is one of these per group
- * of CPUs, but only once at least one CPU in that group has come online
- * at least once since boot.  This kthread checks for newly posted
- * callbacks from any of the CPUs it is responsible for, waits for a
- * grace period, then awakens all of the rcu_nocb_cb_kthread() instances
- * that then have callback-invocation work to do.
- */
-static int rcu_nocb_gp_kthread(void *arg)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
-
-	for (;;) {
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_loops, rdp->nocb_gp_loops + 1);
-		nocb_gp_wait(rdp);
-		cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs();
-	}
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static inline bool nocb_cb_can_run(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	u8 flags = SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED | SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB;
-	return rcu_segcblist_test_flags(&rdp->cblist, flags);
-}
-
-static inline bool nocb_cb_wait_cond(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	return nocb_cb_can_run(rdp) && !READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep);
-}
-
-/*
- * Invoke any ready callbacks from the corresponding no-CBs CPU,
- * then, if there are no more, wait for more to appear.
- */
-static void nocb_cb_wait(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
-	unsigned long cur_gp_seq;
-	unsigned long flags;
-	bool needwake_state = false;
-	bool needwake_gp = false;
-	bool can_sleep = true;
-	struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
-
-	local_irq_save(flags);
-	rcu_momentary_dyntick_idle();
-	local_irq_restore(flags);
-	/*
-	 * Disable BH to provide the expected environment.  Also, when
-	 * transitioning to/from NOCB mode, a self-requeuing callback might
-	 * be invoked from softirq.  A short grace period could cause both
-	 * instances of this callback would execute concurrently.
-	 */
-	local_bh_disable();
-	rcu_do_batch(rdp);
-	local_bh_enable();
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled();
-	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
-	if (rcu_segcblist_nextgp(cblist, &cur_gp_seq) &&
-	    rcu_seq_done(&rnp->gp_seq, cur_gp_seq) &&
-	    raw_spin_trylock_rcu_node(rnp)) { /* irqs already disabled. */
-		needwake_gp = rcu_advance_cbs(rdp->mynode, rdp);
-		raw_spin_unlock_rcu_node(rnp); /* irqs remain disabled. */
-	}
-
-	if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED)) {
-		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB)) {
-			rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
-			if (rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP))
-				needwake_state = true;
-		}
-		if (rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(cblist))
-			can_sleep = false;
-	} else {
-		/*
-		 * De-offloading. Clear our flag and notify the de-offload worker.
-		 * We won't touch the callbacks and keep sleeping until we ever
-		 * get re-offloaded.
-		 */
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB));
-		rcu_segcblist_clear_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
-		if (!rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP))
-			needwake_state = true;
-	}
-
-	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_sleep, can_sleep);
-
-	if (rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)
-		trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("CBSleep"));
-
-	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-	if (needwake_gp)
-		rcu_gp_kthread_wake();
-
-	if (needwake_state)
-		swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
-
-	do {
-		swait_event_interruptible_exclusive(rdp->nocb_cb_wq,
-						    nocb_cb_wait_cond(rdp));
-
-		// VVV Ensure CB invocation follows _sleep test.
-		if (smp_load_acquire(&rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)) { // ^^^
-			WARN_ON(signal_pending(current));
-			trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("WokeEmpty"));
-		}
-	} while (!nocb_cb_can_run(rdp));
-}
-
-/*
- * Per-rcu_data kthread, but only for no-CBs CPUs.  Repeatedly invoke
- * nocb_cb_wait() to do the dirty work.
- */
-static int rcu_nocb_cb_kthread(void *arg)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
-
-	// Each pass through this loop does one callback batch, and,
-	// if there are no more ready callbacks, waits for them.
-	for (;;) {
-		nocb_cb_wait(rdp);
-		cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs();
-	}
-	return 0;
-}
-
-/* Is a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() required? */
-static int rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp, int level)
-{
-	return READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup) >= level;
-}
-
-/* Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread(). */
-static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(struct rcu_data *rdp_gp,
-					   struct rcu_data *rdp, int level,
-					   unsigned long flags)
-	__releases(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock)
-{
-	int ndw;
-	int ret;
-
-	if (!rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(rdp_gp, level)) {
-		raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-		return false;
-	}
-
-	ndw = rdp_gp->nocb_defer_wakeup;
-	ret = __wake_nocb_gp(rdp_gp, rdp, ndw == RCU_NOCB_WAKE_FORCE, flags);
-	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("DeferredWake"));
-
-	return ret;
-}
-
-/* Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() from a timer handler. */
-static void do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_timer(struct timer_list *t)
-{
-	unsigned long flags;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = from_timer(rdp, t, nocb_timer);
-
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_rdp != rdp);
-	trace_rcu_nocb_wake(rcu_state.name, rdp->cpu, TPS("Timer"));
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	smp_mb__after_spinlock(); /* Timer expire before wakeup. */
-	do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(rdp, rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE_BYPASS, flags);
-}
-
-/*
- * Do a deferred wakeup of rcu_nocb_kthread() from fastpath.
- * This means we do an inexact common-case check.  Note that if
- * we miss, ->nocb_timer will eventually clean things up.
- */
-static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	unsigned long flags;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
-
-	if (!rdp_gp || !rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(rdp_gp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE))
-		return false;
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	return do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_common(rdp_gp, rdp, RCU_NOCB_WAKE, flags);
-}
-
-void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void)
-{
-	do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data));
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup);
-
-static int rdp_offload_toggle(struct rcu_data *rdp,
-			       bool offload, unsigned long flags)
-	__releases(rdp->nocb_lock)
-{
-	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
-	bool wake_gp = false;
-
-	rcu_segcblist_offload(cblist, offload);
-
-	if (rdp->nocb_cb_sleep)
-		rdp->nocb_cb_sleep = false;
-	rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(rdp, flags);
-
-	/*
-	 * Ignore former value of nocb_cb_sleep and force wake up as it could
-	 * have been spuriously set to false already.
-	 */
-	swake_up_one(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
-
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-	if (rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep) {
-		rdp_gp->nocb_gp_sleep = false;
-		wake_gp = true;
-	}
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp_gp->nocb_gp_lock, flags);
-
-	if (wake_gp)
-		wake_up_process(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static long rcu_nocb_rdp_deoffload(void *arg)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
-	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
-	unsigned long flags;
-	int ret;
-
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->cpu != raw_smp_processor_id());
-
-	pr_info("De-offloading %d\n", rdp->cpu);
-
-	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
-	/*
-	 * Flush once and for all now. This suffices because we are
-	 * running on the target CPU holding ->nocb_lock (thus having
-	 * interrupts disabled), and because rdp_offload_toggle()
-	 * invokes rcu_segcblist_offload(), which clears SEGCBLIST_OFFLOADED.
-	 * Thus future calls to rcu_segcblist_completely_offloaded() will
-	 * return false, which means that future calls to rcu_nocb_try_bypass()
-	 * will refuse to put anything into the bypass.
-	 */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(rdp, NULL, jiffies));
-	ret = rdp_offload_toggle(rdp, false, flags);
-	swait_event_exclusive(rdp->nocb_state_wq,
-			      !rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB |
-							SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
-	/*
-	 * Lock one last time to acquire latest callback updates from kthreads
-	 * so we can later handle callbacks locally without locking.
-	 */
-	rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave(rdp, flags);
-	/*
-	 * Theoretically we could set SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY after the nocb
-	 * lock is released but how about being paranoid for once?
-	 */
-	rcu_segcblist_set_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY);
-	/*
-	 * With SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY, we can't use
-	 * rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore() anymore.
-	 */
-	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
-
-	/* Sanity check */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass));
-
-
-	return ret;
-}
-
-int rcu_nocb_cpu_deoffload(int cpu)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
-	int ret = 0;
-
-	mutex_lock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
-	cpus_read_lock();
-	if (rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
-		if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
-			ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_rdp_deoffload, rdp);
-			if (!ret)
-				cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
-		} else {
-			pr_info("NOCB: Can't CB-deoffload an offline CPU\n");
-			ret = -EINVAL;
-		}
-	}
-	cpus_read_unlock();
-	mutex_unlock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
-
-	return ret;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_cpu_deoffload);
-
-static long rcu_nocb_rdp_offload(void *arg)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = arg;
-	struct rcu_segcblist *cblist = &rdp->cblist;
-	unsigned long flags;
-	int ret;
-
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->cpu != raw_smp_processor_id());
-	/*
-	 * For now we only support re-offload, ie: the rdp must have been
-	 * offloaded on boot first.
-	 */
-	if (!rdp->nocb_gp_rdp)
-		return -EINVAL;
-
-	pr_info("Offloading %d\n", rdp->cpu);
-	/*
-	 * Can't use rcu_nocb_lock_irqsave() while we are in
-	 * SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY mode.
-	 */
-	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->nocb_lock, flags);
-
-	/*
-	 * We didn't take the nocb lock while working on the
-	 * rdp->cblist in SEGCBLIST_SOFTIRQ_ONLY mode.
-	 * Every modifications that have been done previously on
-	 * rdp->cblist must be visible remotely by the nocb kthreads
-	 * upon wake up after reading the cblist flags.
-	 *
-	 * The layout against nocb_lock enforces that ordering:
-	 *
-	 *  __rcu_nocb_rdp_offload()   nocb_cb_wait()/nocb_gp_wait()
-	 * -------------------------   ----------------------------
-	 *      WRITE callbacks           rcu_nocb_lock()
-	 *      rcu_nocb_lock()           READ flags
-	 *      WRITE flags               READ callbacks
-	 *      rcu_nocb_unlock()         rcu_nocb_unlock()
-	 */
-	ret = rdp_offload_toggle(rdp, true, flags);
-	swait_event_exclusive(rdp->nocb_state_wq,
-			      rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB) &&
-			      rcu_segcblist_test_flags(cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP));
-
-	return ret;
-}
-
-int rcu_nocb_cpu_offload(int cpu)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
-	int ret = 0;
-
-	mutex_lock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
-	cpus_read_lock();
-	if (!rcu_rdp_is_offloaded(rdp)) {
-		if (cpu_online(cpu)) {
-			ret = work_on_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_rdp_offload, rdp);
-			if (!ret)
-				cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask);
-		} else {
-			pr_info("NOCB: Can't CB-offload an offline CPU\n");
-			ret = -EINVAL;
-		}
-	}
-	cpus_read_unlock();
-	mutex_unlock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
-
-	return ret;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_nocb_cpu_offload);
-
-void __init rcu_init_nohz(void)
-{
-	int cpu;
-	bool need_rcu_nocb_mask = false;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp;
-
-#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL)
-	if (tick_nohz_full_running && cpumask_weight(tick_nohz_full_mask))
-		need_rcu_nocb_mask = true;
-#endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL) */
-
-	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask) && need_rcu_nocb_mask) {
-		if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&rcu_nocb_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) {
-			pr_info("rcu_nocb_mask allocation failed, callback offloading disabled.\n");
-			return;
-		}
-	}
-	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
-		return;
-
-#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL)
-	if (tick_nohz_full_running)
-		cpumask_or(rcu_nocb_mask, rcu_nocb_mask, tick_nohz_full_mask);
-#endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL) */
-
-	if (!cpumask_subset(rcu_nocb_mask, cpu_possible_mask)) {
-		pr_info("\tNote: kernel parameter 'rcu_nocbs=', 'nohz_full', or 'isolcpus=' contains nonexistent CPUs.\n");
-		cpumask_and(rcu_nocb_mask, cpu_possible_mask,
-			    rcu_nocb_mask);
-	}
-	if (cpumask_empty(rcu_nocb_mask))
-		pr_info("\tOffload RCU callbacks from CPUs: (none).\n");
-	else
-		pr_info("\tOffload RCU callbacks from CPUs: %*pbl.\n",
-			cpumask_pr_args(rcu_nocb_mask));
-	if (rcu_nocb_poll)
-		pr_info("\tPoll for callbacks from no-CBs CPUs.\n");
-
-	for_each_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask) {
-		rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
-		if (rcu_segcblist_empty(&rdp->cblist))
-			rcu_segcblist_init(&rdp->cblist);
-		rcu_segcblist_offload(&rdp->cblist, true);
-		rcu_segcblist_set_flags(&rdp->cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_CB);
-		rcu_segcblist_set_flags(&rdp->cblist, SEGCBLIST_KTHREAD_GP);
-	}
-	rcu_organize_nocb_kthreads();
-}
-
-/* Initialize per-rcu_data variables for no-CBs CPUs. */
-static void __init rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq);
-	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq);
-	init_swait_queue_head(&rdp->nocb_state_wq);
-	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_lock);
-	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock);
-	raw_spin_lock_init(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock);
-	timer_setup(&rdp->nocb_timer, do_nocb_deferred_wakeup_timer, 0);
-	rcu_cblist_init(&rdp->nocb_bypass);
-}
-
-/*
- * If the specified CPU is a no-CBs CPU that does not already have its
- * rcuo CB kthread, spawn it.  Additionally, if the rcuo GP kthread
- * for this CPU's group has not yet been created, spawn it as well.
- */
-static void rcu_spawn_one_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
-{
-	struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp;
-	struct task_struct *t;
-
-	/*
-	 * If this isn't a no-CBs CPU or if it already has an rcuo kthread,
-	 * then nothing to do.
-	 */
-	if (!rcu_is_nocb_cpu(cpu) || rdp->nocb_cb_kthread)
-		return;
-
-	/* If we didn't spawn the GP kthread first, reorganize! */
-	rdp_gp = rdp->nocb_gp_rdp;
-	if (!rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread) {
-		t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_gp_kthread, rdp_gp,
-				"rcuog/%d", rdp_gp->cpu);
-		if (WARN_ONCE(IS_ERR(t), "%s: Could not start rcuo GP kthread, OOM is now expected behavior\n", __func__))
-			return;
-		WRITE_ONCE(rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread, t);
-	}
-
-	/* Spawn the kthread for this CPU. */
-	t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_cb_kthread, rdp,
-			"rcuo%c/%d", rcu_state.abbr, cpu);
-	if (WARN_ONCE(IS_ERR(t), "%s: Could not start rcuo CB kthread, OOM is now expected behavior\n", __func__))
-		return;
-	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread, t);
-	WRITE_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread, rdp_gp->nocb_gp_kthread);
-}
-
-/*
- * If the specified CPU is a no-CBs CPU that does not already have its
- * rcuo kthread, spawn it.
- */
-static void rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
-{
-	if (rcu_scheduler_fully_active)
-		rcu_spawn_one_nocb_kthread(cpu);
-}
-
-/*
- * Once the scheduler is running, spawn rcuo kthreads for all online
- * no-CBs CPUs.  This assumes that the early_initcall()s happen before
- * non-boot CPUs come online -- if this changes, we will need to add
- * some mutual exclusion.
- */
-static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(void)
-{
-	int cpu;
-
-	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
-		rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(cpu);
-}
-
-/* How many CB CPU IDs per GP kthread?  Default of -1 for sqrt(nr_cpu_ids). */
-static int rcu_nocb_gp_stride = -1;
-module_param(rcu_nocb_gp_stride, int, 0444);
-
-/*
- * Initialize GP-CB relationships for all no-CBs CPU.
- */
-static void __init rcu_organize_nocb_kthreads(void)
-{
-	int cpu;
-	bool firsttime = true;
-	bool gotnocbs = false;
-	bool gotnocbscbs = true;
-	int ls = rcu_nocb_gp_stride;
-	int nl = 0;  /* Next GP kthread. */
-	struct rcu_data *rdp;
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_gp = NULL;  /* Suppress misguided gcc warn. */
-	struct rcu_data *rdp_prev = NULL;
-
-	if (!cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask))
-		return;
-	if (ls == -1) {
-		ls = nr_cpu_ids / int_sqrt(nr_cpu_ids);
-		rcu_nocb_gp_stride = ls;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Each pass through this loop sets up one rcu_data structure.
-	 * Should the corresponding CPU come online in the future, then
-	 * we will spawn the needed set of rcu_nocb_kthread() kthreads.
-	 */
-	for_each_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask) {
-		rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
-		if (rdp->cpu >= nl) {
-			/* New GP kthread, set up for CBs & next GP. */
-			gotnocbs = true;
-			nl = DIV_ROUND_UP(rdp->cpu + 1, ls) * ls;
-			rdp->nocb_gp_rdp = rdp;
-			rdp_gp = rdp;
-			if (dump_tree) {
-				if (!firsttime)
-					pr_cont("%s\n", gotnocbscbs
-							? "" : " (self only)");
-				gotnocbscbs = false;
-				firsttime = false;
-				pr_alert("%s: No-CB GP kthread CPU %d:",
-					 __func__, cpu);
-			}
-		} else {
-			/* Another CB kthread, link to previous GP kthread. */
-			gotnocbscbs = true;
-			rdp->nocb_gp_rdp = rdp_gp;
-			rdp_prev->nocb_next_cb_rdp = rdp;
-			if (dump_tree)
-				pr_cont(" %d", cpu);
-		}
-		rdp_prev = rdp;
-	}
-	if (gotnocbs && dump_tree)
-		pr_cont("%s\n", gotnocbscbs ? "" : " (self only)");
-}
-
-/*
- * Bind the current task to the offloaded CPUs.  If there are no offloaded
- * CPUs, leave the task unbound.  Splat if the bind attempt fails.
- */
-void rcu_bind_current_to_nocb(void)
-{
-	if (cpumask_available(rcu_nocb_mask) && cpumask_weight(rcu_nocb_mask))
-		WARN_ON(sched_setaffinity(current->pid, rcu_nocb_mask));
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_bind_current_to_nocb);
-
-// The ->on_cpu field is available only in CONFIG_SMP=y, so...
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-static char *show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(struct task_struct *tsp)
-{
-	return tsp && task_is_running(tsp) && !tsp->on_cpu ? "!" : "";
-}
-#else // #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-static char *show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(struct task_struct *tsp)
-{
-	return "";
-}
-#endif // #else #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-
-/*
- * Dump out nocb grace-period kthread state for the specified rcu_data
- * structure.
- */
-static void show_rcu_nocb_gp_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
-
-	pr_info("nocb GP %d %c%c%c%c%c %c[%c%c] %c%c:%ld rnp %d:%d %lu %c CPU %d%s\n",
-		rdp->cpu,
-		"kK"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_kthread],
-		"lL"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock)],
-		"dD"[!!rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup],
-		"tT"[timer_pending(&rdp->nocb_timer)],
-		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep],
-		".W"[swait_active(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq)],
-		".W"[swait_active(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[0])],
-		".W"[swait_active(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[1])],
-		".B"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_bypass],
-		".G"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_gp],
-		(long)rdp->nocb_gp_seq,
-		rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi, READ_ONCE(rdp->nocb_gp_loops),
-		rdp->nocb_gp_kthread ? task_state_to_char(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : '.',
-		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? (int)task_cpu(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : -1,
-		show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread));
-}
-
-/* Dump out nocb kthread state for the specified rcu_data structure. */
-static void show_rcu_nocb_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	char bufw[20];
-	char bufr[20];
-	struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp = &rdp->cblist;
-	bool waslocked;
-	bool wassleep;
-
-	if (rdp->nocb_gp_rdp == rdp)
-		show_rcu_nocb_gp_state(rdp);
-
-	sprintf(bufw, "%ld", rsclp->gp_seq[RCU_WAIT_TAIL]);
-	sprintf(bufr, "%ld", rsclp->gp_seq[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL]);
-	pr_info("   CB %d^%d->%d %c%c%c%c%c%c F%ld L%ld C%d %c%c%s%c%s%c%c q%ld %c CPU %d%s\n",
-		rdp->cpu, rdp->nocb_gp_rdp->cpu,
-		rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp ? rdp->nocb_next_cb_rdp->cpu : -1,
-		"kK"[!!rdp->nocb_cb_kthread],
-		"bB"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_bypass_lock)],
-		"cC"[!!atomic_read(&rdp->nocb_lock_contended)],
-		"lL"[raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_lock)],
-		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_cb_sleep],
-		".W"[swait_active(&rdp->nocb_cb_wq)],
-		jiffies - rdp->nocb_bypass_first,
-		jiffies - rdp->nocb_nobypass_last,
-		rdp->nocb_nobypass_count,
-		".D"[rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(rsclp)],
-		".W"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL)],
-		rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL) ? "" : bufw,
-		".R"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL)],
-		rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) ? "" : bufr,
-		".N"[!rcu_segcblist_segempty(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL)],
-		".B"[!!rcu_cblist_n_cbs(&rdp->nocb_bypass)],
-		rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist),
-		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? task_state_to_char(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread) : '.',
-		rdp->nocb_cb_kthread ? (int)task_cpu(rdp->nocb_gp_kthread) : -1,
-		show_rcu_should_be_on_cpu(rdp->nocb_cb_kthread));
-
-	/* It is OK for GP kthreads to have GP state. */
-	if (rdp->nocb_gp_rdp == rdp)
-		return;
-
-	waslocked = raw_spin_is_locked(&rdp->nocb_gp_lock);
-	wassleep = swait_active(&rdp->nocb_gp_wq);
-	if (!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep && !waslocked && !wassleep)
-		return;  /* Nothing untoward. */
-
-	pr_info("   nocb GP activity on CB-only CPU!!! %c%c%c %c\n",
-		"lL"[waslocked],
-		"dD"[!!rdp->nocb_defer_wakeup],
-		"sS"[!!rdp->nocb_gp_sleep],
-		".W"[wassleep]);
-}
-
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
-
-/* No ->nocb_lock to acquire.  */
-static void rcu_nocb_lock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-/* No ->nocb_lock to release.  */
-static void rcu_nocb_unlock(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-/* No ->nocb_lock to release.  */
-static void rcu_nocb_unlock_irqrestore(struct rcu_data *rdp,
-				       unsigned long flags)
-{
-	local_irq_restore(flags);
-}
-
-/* Lockdep check that ->cblist may be safely accessed. */
-static void rcu_lockdep_assert_cblist_protected(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled();
-}
-
-static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct swait_queue_head *sq)
-{
-}
-
-static struct swait_queue_head *rcu_nocb_gp_get(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
-	return NULL;
-}
-
-static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
-}
-
-static bool rcu_nocb_flush_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
-				  unsigned long j)
-{
-	return true;
-}
-
-static bool rcu_nocb_try_bypass(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
-				bool *was_alldone, unsigned long flags)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-
-static void __call_rcu_nocb_wake(struct rcu_data *rdp, bool was_empty,
-				 unsigned long flags)
-{
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);  /* Should be dead code! */
-}
-
-static void __init rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-static int rcu_nocb_need_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp, int level)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-
-static bool do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-	return false;
-}
-
-static void rcu_spawn_cpu_nocb_kthread(int cpu)
-{
-}
-
-static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(void)
-{
-}
-
-static void show_rcu_nocb_state(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
-
 /*
  * Is this CPU a NO_HZ_FULL CPU that should ignore RCU so that the
  * grace-period kthread will do force_quiescent_state() processing?
-- 
2.31.1.189.g2e36527f23


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH rcu 2/2] rcu/nocb: Remove NOCB deferred wakeup from rcutree_dead_cpu()
  2021-07-21 20:27 [PATCH rcu 0/2] NOCB-CPU updates for v5.15 Paul E. McKenney
  2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 1/2] rcu/nocb: Start moving nocb code to its own plugin file Paul E. McKenney
@ 2021-07-21 20:27 ` Paul E. McKenney
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Paul E. McKenney @ 2021-07-21 20:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rcu
  Cc: linux-kernel, kernel-team, mingo, jiangshanlai, akpm,
	mathieu.desnoyers, josh, tglx, peterz, rostedt, dhowells,
	edumazet, fweisbec, oleg, joel, Frederic Weisbecker,
	Paul E . McKenney

From: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>

At CPU offline time, we must handle any pending wakeup for the nocb_gp
kthread linked to the outgoing CPU.

Now we are making sure of that twice:

1) From rcu_report_dead() when the outgoing CPU makes the very last
   local cleanups by itself before switching offline.

2) From rcutree_dead_cpu(). Here the offlining CPU has gone and is truly
   now offline. Another CPU takes care of post-portem cleaning up and
   check if the offline CPU had pending wakeup.

Both ways are fine but we have to choose one or the other because we
don't need to repeat that action. Simply benefit from cache locality
and keep only the first solution.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c | 3 ---
 1 file changed, 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index b6eb480402e05..0fda98a0d12e9 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -2471,9 +2471,6 @@ int rcutree_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
 	WRITE_ONCE(rcu_state.n_online_cpus, rcu_state.n_online_cpus - 1);
 	/* Adjust any no-longer-needed kthreads. */
 	rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, -1);
-	/* Do any needed no-CB deferred wakeups from this CPU. */
-	do_nocb_deferred_wakeup(per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu));
-
 	// Stop-machine done, so allow nohz_full to disable tick.
 	tick_dep_clear(TICK_DEP_BIT_RCU);
 	return 0;
-- 
2.31.1.189.g2e36527f23


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-07-21 20:27 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-07-21 20:27 [PATCH rcu 0/2] NOCB-CPU updates for v5.15 Paul E. McKenney
2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 1/2] rcu/nocb: Start moving nocb code to its own plugin file Paul E. McKenney
2021-07-21 20:27 ` [PATCH rcu 2/2] rcu/nocb: Remove NOCB deferred wakeup from rcutree_dead_cpu() Paul E. McKenney

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