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* [PATCH v3 0/4] Add Landlock man pages
@ 2021-07-30 14:41 Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 1/4] landlock.7: Add a new page to introduce Landlock Mickaël Salaün
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Mickaël Salaün @ 2021-07-30 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alejandro Colomar, Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: Mickaël Salaün, Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook,
	Randy Dunlap, Vincent Dagonneau, landlock, linux-kernel,
	linux-man, linux-security-module, Mickaël Salaün

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

Hi,

These four documents give a global overview of Landlock and explain each
system calls.  This is mainly a formatting of the current kernel
documentation with some new additional details.

This third patch series mostly fixes formatting pointed out by Alejandro
Colomar.

This patch series can be found in a Git repository:
https://github.com/landlock-lsm/man-pages/commits/landlock-v3

Previous version:
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-man/20210712155745.831580-1-mic@digikod.net/

Regards,

Mickaël Salaün (4):
  landlock.7: Add a new page to introduce Landlock
  landlock_create_ruleset.2: Document new syscall
  landlock_add_rule.2: Document new syscall
  landlock_restrict_self.2: Document new syscall

 man2/landlock_add_rule.2       | 144 +++++++++++++
 man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2 | 139 +++++++++++++
 man2/landlock_restrict_self.2  | 133 ++++++++++++
 man7/landlock.7                | 361 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 777 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_add_rule.2
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_restrict_self.2
 create mode 100644 man7/landlock.7


base-commit: fbe71b1b79e72be3b9afc44b5d479e7fd84b598a
-- 
2.32.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 1/4] landlock.7: Add a new page to introduce Landlock
  2021-07-30 14:41 [PATCH v3 0/4] Add Landlock man pages Mickaël Salaün
@ 2021-07-30 14:41 ` Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 2/4] landlock_create_ruleset.2: Document new syscall Mickaël Salaün
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Mickaël Salaün @ 2021-07-30 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alejandro Colomar, Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: Mickaël Salaün, Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook,
	Randy Dunlap, Vincent Dagonneau, landlock, linux-kernel,
	linux-man, linux-security-module, Mickaël Salaün

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

From the user point of view, Landlock is a set of system calls enabling
to build and enforce a set of access-control rules.  A ruleset can be
created with landlock_create_ruleset(2), populated with
landlock_add_rule(2) and enforced with landlock_restrict_self(2).  This
man page gives an overview of the whole mechanism.  Details of these
system calls are documented in their respective man pages.

This is an adaptation of
https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.13/userspace-api/landlock.html

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210730144116.332091-2-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v2:
* Fix semantic newlines according to Alejandro Colomar.
* Fix minor grammar issues spotted by Alejandro.
* Fix .IR and .BR use as explained by Alejandro.

Changes since v1:
* Replace all ".I" with ".IR", except when used for titles.
* Append punctuation to ".IR" and ".BR" when it makes sense (requested
  by Alejandro Colomar).
* Cut lines according to the semantic newline rules (requested by
  Alejandro Colomar).
* Remove roman style from ".TP" section titles (requested by Alejandro
  Colomar).
* Add comma after "i.e." and "e.g.".
* Move the example in a new EXAMPLES section.
* Improve title.
* Explain the LSM acronym at first use.
---
 man7/landlock.7 | 361 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 361 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man7/landlock.7

diff --git a/man7/landlock.7 b/man7/landlock.7
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f6a9b02d434a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man7/landlock.7
@@ -0,0 +1,361 @@
+.\" Copyright © 2017-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+.\" Copyright © 2019-2020 ANSSI
+.\" Copyright © 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH LANDLOCK 7 2021-06-27 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+Landlock \- unprivileged access-control
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+Landlock is an access-control system that enables any processes to
+securely restrict themselves and their future children.
+Because Landlock is a stackable Linux Security Module (LSM),
+it makes it possible to create safe security sandboxes as new security
+layers in addition to the existing system-wide access-controls.
+This kind of sandbox is expected to help mitigate
+the security impact of bugs,
+and unexpected or malicious behaviors in applications.
+.PP
+A Landlock security policy is a set of access rights
+(e.g., open a file in read-only, make a directory, etc.)
+tied to a file hierarchy.
+Such policy can be configured and enforced by processes for themselves
+using three system calls:
+.IP \(bu 2
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2)
+creates a new ruleset;
+.IP \(bu
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2)
+adds a new rule to a ruleset;
+.IP \(bu
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2)
+enforces a ruleset on the calling thread.
+.PP
+To be able to use these system calls,
+the running kernel must support Landlock and
+it must be enabled at boot time.
+.\"
+.SS Landlock rules
+A Landlock rule describes an action on an object.
+An object is currently a file hierarchy,
+and the related filesystem actions are defined with access rights (see
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2)).
+A set of rules is aggregated in a ruleset,
+which can then restrict the thread enforcing it,
+and its future children.
+.\"
+.SS Filesystem actions
+These flags enable to restrict a sandboxed process to a
+set of actions on files and directories.
+Files or directories opened before the sandboxing
+are not subject to these restrictions.
+See
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2)
+and
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2)
+for more context.
+.PP
+A file can only receive these access rights:
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_EXECUTE
+Execute a file.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_WRITE_FILE
+Open a file with write access.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_FILE
+Open a file with read access.
+.PP
+A directory can receive access rights related to files or directories.
+The following access right is applied to the directory itself,
+and the directories beneath it:
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_DIR
+Open a directory or list its content.
+.PP
+However,
+the following access rights only apply to the content of a directory,
+not the directory itself:
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_REMOVE_DIR
+Remove an empty directory or rename one.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_REMOVE_FILE
+Unlink (or rename) a file.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_CHAR
+Create (or rename or link) a character device.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_DIR
+Create (or rename) a directory.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_REG
+Create (or rename or link) a regular file.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_SOCK
+Create (or rename or link) a UNIX domain socket.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_FIFO
+Create (or rename or link) a named pipe.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_BLOCK
+Create (or rename or link) a block device.
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_SYM
+Create (or rename or link) a symbolic link.
+.\"
+.SS Layers of file path access rights
+Each time a thread enforces a ruleset on itself,
+it updates its Landlock domain with a new layer of policy.
+Indeed, this complementary policy is composed with the potentially other
+rulesets already restricting this thread.
+A sandboxed thread can then safely add more constraints to itself with a
+new enforced ruleset.
+.PP
+One policy layer grants access to a file path
+if at least one of its rules encountered on the path grants the access.
+A sandboxed thread can only access a file path
+if all its enforced policy layers grant the access
+as well as all the other system access controls
+(e.g., filesystem DAC, other LSM policies, etc.).
+.\"
+.SS Bind mounts and OverlayFS
+Landlock enables restricting access to file hierarchies,
+which means that these access rights can be propagated with bind mounts
+(cf.
+.BR mount_namespaces (7))
+but not with OverlayFS.
+.PP
+A bind mount mirrors a source file hierarchy to a destination.
+The destination hierarchy is then composed of the exact same files,
+on which Landlock rules can be tied,
+either via the source or the destination path.
+These rules restrict access when they are encountered on a path,
+which means that they can restrict access to
+multiple file hierarchies at the same time,
+whether these hierarchies are the result of bind mounts or not.
+.PP
+An OverlayFS mount point consists of upper and lower layers.
+These layers are combined in a merge directory, result of the mount point.
+This merge hierarchy may include files from the upper and lower layers,
+but modifications performed on the merge hierarchy
+only reflect on the upper layer.
+From a Landlock policy point of view,
+each OverlayFS layers and merge hierarchies are standalone and contain
+their own set of files and directories,
+which is different from bind mounts.
+A policy restricting an OverlayFS layer will not restrict the resulted
+merged hierarchy, and vice versa.
+Landlock users should then only think about file hierarchies they want to
+allow access to, regardless of the underlying filesystem.
+.\"
+.SS Inheritance
+Every new thread resulting from a
+.BR clone (2)
+inherits Landlock domain restrictions from its parent.
+This is similar to the
+.BR seccomp (2)
+inheritance or any other LSM dealing with tasks'
+.BR credentials (7).
+For instance, one process's thread may apply Landlock rules to itself,
+but they will not be automatically applied to other sibling threads
+(unlike POSIX thread credential changes, cf.
+.BR nptl (7)).
+.PP
+When a thread sandboxes itself,
+we have the guarantee that the related security policy
+will stay enforced on all this thread's descendants.
+This allows creating standalone and modular security policies
+per application,
+which will automatically be composed between themselves
+according to their runtime parent policies.
+.\"
+.SS Ptrace restrictions
+A sandboxed process has less privileges than a non-sandboxed process and
+must then be subject to additional restrictions
+when manipulating another process.
+To be allowed to use
+.BR ptrace (2)
+and related syscalls on a target process,
+a sandboxed process should have a subset of the target process rules,
+which means the tracee must be in a sub-domain of the tracer.
+.SH VERSIONS
+Landlock was added in Linux 5.13.
+.SH NOTES
+Landlock is enabled by
+.BR CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK .
+The
+.I lsm=lsm1,...,lsmN
+command line parameter controls the sequence of the initialization of
+Linux Security Modules.
+It must contain the string
+.I landlock
+to enable Landlock.
+If the command line parameter is not specified,
+the initialization falls back to the value of the deprecated
+.I security=
+command line parameter and further to the value of CONFIG_LSM.
+We can check that Landlock is enabled by looking for
+.I landlock: Up and running.
+in kernel logs.
+.PP
+It is currently not possible to restrict some file-related actions
+accessible through these system call families:
+.BR chdir (2),
+.BR truncate (2),
+.BR stat (2),
+.BR flock (2),
+.BR chmod (2),
+.BR chown (2),
+.BR setxattr (2),
+.BR utime (2),
+.BR ioctl (2),
+.BR fcntl (2),
+.BR access (2).
+Future Landlock evolutions will enable to restrict them.
+.SH EXAMPLES
+We first need to create the ruleset that will contain our rules.
+For this example,
+the ruleset will contain rules that only allow read actions,
+but write actions will be denied.
+The ruleset then needs to handle both of these kind of actions.
+See below for the description of filesystem actions.
+.PP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+int ruleset_fd;
+struct landlock_ruleset_attr ruleset_attr = {
+    .handled_access_fs =
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_EXECUTE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_WRITE_FILE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_FILE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_DIR |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_REMOVE_DIR |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_REMOVE_FILE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_CHAR |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_DIR |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_REG |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_SOCK |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_FIFO |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_BLOCK |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_MAKE_SYM,
+};
+
+ruleset_fd = landlock_create_ruleset(&ruleset_attr, sizeof(ruleset_attr), 0);
+if (ruleset_fd < 0) {
+    perror("Failed to create a ruleset");
+    return 1;
+}
+.EE
+.in
+.PP
+We can now add a new rule to this ruleset thanks to the returned file
+descriptor referring to this ruleset.
+The rule will only allow reading the file hierarchy
+.IR /usr .
+Without another rule, write actions would then be denied by the ruleset.
+To add
+.I /usr
+to the ruleset, we open it with the
+.I O_PATH
+flag and fill the
+.I struct landlock_path_beneath_attr
+with this file descriptor.
+.PP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+int err;
+struct landlock_path_beneath_attr path_beneath = {
+    .allowed_access =
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_EXECUTE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_FILE |
+        LANDLOCK_ACCESS_FS_READ_DIR,
+};
+
+path_beneath.parent_fd = open("/usr", O_PATH | O_CLOEXEC);
+if (path_beneath.parent_fd < 0) {
+    perror("Failed to open file");
+    close(ruleset_fd);
+    return 1;
+}
+err = landlock_add_rule(ruleset_fd, LANDLOCK_RULE_PATH_BENEATH,
+                        &path_beneath, 0);
+close(path_beneath.parent_fd);
+if (err) {
+    perror("Failed to update ruleset");
+    close(ruleset_fd);
+    return 1;
+}
+.EE
+.in
+.PP
+We now have a ruleset with one rule allowing read access to
+.I /usr
+while denying all other handled accesses for the filesystem.
+The next step is to restrict the current thread from gaining more
+privileges
+(e.g., thanks to a set-user-ID binary).
+.PP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+if (prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 1, 0, 0, 0)) {
+    perror("Failed to restrict privileges");
+    close(ruleset_fd);
+    return 1;
+}
+.EE
+.in
+.PP
+The current thread is now ready to sandbox itself with the ruleset.
+.PP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+if (landlock_restrict_self(ruleset_fd, 0)) {
+    perror("Failed to enforce ruleset");
+    close(ruleset_fd);
+    return 1;
+}
+close(ruleset_fd);
+.EE
+.in
+.PP
+If the
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2)
+system call succeeds, the current thread is now restricted and this policy
+will be enforced on all its subsequently created children as well.
+Once a thread is landlocked, there is no way to remove its security policy;
+only adding more restrictions is allowed.
+These threads are now in a new Landlock domain,
+merge of their parent one (if any) with the new ruleset.
+.PP
+Full working code can be found in
+.UR https://git.kernel.org\:/pub\:/scm\:/linux\:/kernel\:/git\:/stable\:/linux.git\:/tree\:/samples\:/landlock\:/sandboxer.c
+.UE
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2),
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2),
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2)
+.PP
+.UR https://landlock.io\:/
+.UE
-- 
2.32.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 2/4] landlock_create_ruleset.2: Document new syscall
  2021-07-30 14:41 [PATCH v3 0/4] Add Landlock man pages Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 1/4] landlock.7: Add a new page to introduce Landlock Mickaël Salaün
@ 2021-07-30 14:41 ` Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 3/4] landlock_add_rule.2: " Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 4/4] landlock_restrict_self.2: " Mickaël Salaün
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Mickaël Salaün @ 2021-07-30 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alejandro Colomar, Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: Mickaël Salaün, Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook,
	Randy Dunlap, Vincent Dagonneau, landlock, linux-kernel,
	linux-man, linux-security-module, Mickaël Salaün

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

This is an adaptation of
https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.13/userspace-api/landlock.html

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210730144116.332091-3-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v2:
* Fix syscall signature (attr pointer).
* Add an EXAMPLES section referring to landlock(7).
* Change list order in the SEE ALSO section.
* Fix .IR and .BR use as explained by Alejandro Colomar.

Changes since v1:
* Replace all ".I" with ".IR", except when used for titles.
* Append punctuation to ".IR" and ".BR" when it makes sense (requested
  by Alejandro Colomar).
* Cut lines according to the semantic newline rules (requested by
  Alejandro Colomar).
* Remove roman style from ".TP" section titles (requested by Alejandro
  Colomar).
* Add comma after "i.e." and "e.g.".
* Add a "CONFORMING TO" section.
* Replace "(2)" with "()" for the described syscall name.
---
 man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2 | 139 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 139 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2

diff --git a/man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2 b/man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e1ca4bcf8c86
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/landlock_create_ruleset.2
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@
+.\" Copyright © 2017-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+.\" Copyright © 2019-2020 ANSSI
+.\" Copyright © 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH LANDLOCK_CREATE_RULESET 2 2021-06-27 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+landlock_create_ruleset \- create a new Landlock ruleset
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.BR "#include <linux/landlock.h>" "  /* Definition of " LANDLOCK_* " constants */"
+.BR "#include <sys/syscall.h>" "     /* Definition of " SYS_* " constants */"
+.PP
+.BI "int syscall(SYS_landlock_create_ruleset,
+.BI "            const struct landlock_ruleset_attr *" attr ,
+.BI "            size_t " size " , __u32 " flags );
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+A Landlock ruleset identifies a set of rules (i.e., actions on objects).
+This
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset ()
+system call enables creating a new file descriptor identifying a ruleset.
+This file descriptor can then be used by
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2)
+and
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2).
+See
+.BR landlock (7)
+for a global overview.
+.PP
+.I attr
+specifies the properties of the new ruleset.
+It points to the following structure:
+.IP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+struct landlock_ruleset_attr {
+	__u64 handled_access_fs;
+};
+.EE
+.in
+.IP
+.I handled_access_fs
+is a bitmask of actions that is handled by this ruleset and should then be
+forbidden if no rule explicitly allow them
+(see
+.B Filesystem actions
+in
+.BR landlock (7)).
+This enables simply restricting ambient rights
+(e.g., global filesystem access) and is needed for compatibility reasons.
+.PP
+.I size
+must be specified as
+.I sizeof(struct landlock_ruleset_attr)
+for compatibility reasons.
+.PP
+.I flags
+must be 0 if
+.I attr
+is used.
+Otherwise,
+.I flags
+can be set to:
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_CREATE_RULESET_VERSION
+If
+.I attr
+is NULL and
+.I size
+is 0, then the returned value is the highest supported Landlock ABI version
+(starting at 1).
+This version can be used for a best-effort security approach,
+which is encouraged when user space is not pinned to a specific kernel
+version.
+All features documented in these man pages are available with the version
+1.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success,
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset ()
+returns a new Landlock ruleset file descriptor, or a Landlock ABI version
+according to
+.IR flags .
+.SH ERRORS
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset ()
+can failed for the following reasons:
+.TP
+.B EOPNOTSUPP
+Landlock is supported by the kernel but disabled at boot time.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+Unknown
+.IR flags ,
+or unknown access, or too small
+.IR size .
+.TP
+.B E2BIG
+.I size
+is too big.
+.TP
+.B EFAULT
+.I attr
+was not a valid address.
+.TP
+.B ENOMSG
+Empty accesses (i.e.,
+.I attr->handled_access_fs
+is 0).
+.SH VERSIONS
+Landlock was added in Linux 5.13.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+This system call is Linux-specific.
+.SH EXAMPLES
+See
+.BR landlock (7).
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2),
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2),
+.BR landlock (7)
-- 
2.32.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 3/4] landlock_add_rule.2: Document new syscall
  2021-07-30 14:41 [PATCH v3 0/4] Add Landlock man pages Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 1/4] landlock.7: Add a new page to introduce Landlock Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 2/4] landlock_create_ruleset.2: Document new syscall Mickaël Salaün
@ 2021-07-30 14:41 ` Mickaël Salaün
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 4/4] landlock_restrict_self.2: " Mickaël Salaün
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Mickaël Salaün @ 2021-07-30 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alejandro Colomar, Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: Mickaël Salaün, Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook,
	Randy Dunlap, Vincent Dagonneau, landlock, linux-kernel,
	linux-man, linux-security-module, Mickaël Salaün

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

This is an adaptation of
https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.13/userspace-api/landlock.html

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210730144116.332091-4-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v2:
* Fix syscall's rule_attr pointer.
* Add an EXAMPLES section referring to landlock(7).
* Change list order in the SEE ALSO section.
* Fix .IR and .BR use as explained by Alejandro Colomar.

Changes since v1:
* Replace all ".I" with ".IR", except when used for titles.
* Append punctuation to ".IR" and ".BR" when it makes sense (requested
  by Alejandro Colomar).
* Cut lines according to the semantic newline rules (requested by
  Alejandro Colomar).
* Remove roman style from ".TP" section titles (requested by Alejandro
  Colomar).
* Add comma after "i.e." and "e.g.".
* Add a "CONFORMING TO" section.
* Replace "(2)" with "()" for the described syscall name.
---
 man2/landlock_add_rule.2 | 144 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 144 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_add_rule.2

diff --git a/man2/landlock_add_rule.2 b/man2/landlock_add_rule.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..eafb8f8201b7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/landlock_add_rule.2
@@ -0,0 +1,144 @@
+.\" Copyright © 2017-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+.\" Copyright © 2019-2020 ANSSI
+.\" Copyright © 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH LANDLOCK_ADD_RULE 2 2021-06-27 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+landlock_add_rule \- add a new Landlock rule to a ruleset
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.BR "#include <linux/landlock.h>" "  /* Definition of " LANDLOCK_* " constants */"
+.BR "#include <sys/syscall.h>" "     /* Definition of " SYS_* " constants */"
+.PP
+.BI "int syscall(SYS_landlock_add_rule, int " ruleset_fd ,
+.BI "            enum landlock_rule_type " rule_type ,
+.BI "            const void *" rule_attr ", __u32 " flags );
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+A Landlock rule describes an action on an object.
+An object is currently a file hierarchy, and the related filesystem actions
+are defined with a set of access rights.
+This
+.BR landlock_add_rule ()
+system call enables adding a new Landlock rule to an existing ruleset
+created with
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2).
+See
+.BR landlock (7)
+for a global overview.
+.PP
+.I ruleset_fd
+is a Landlock ruleset file descriptor obtained with
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2).
+.PP
+.I rule_type
+identifies the structure type pointed to by
+.IR rule_attr .
+Currently, Linux supports the following
+.I rule_type
+value:
+.TP
+.B LANDLOCK_RULE_PATH_BENEATH
+This defines the object type as a file hierarchy.
+In this case,
+.I rule_attr
+points to the following structure:
+.IP
+.in +4n
+.EX
+struct landlock_path_beneath_attr {
+    __u64 allowed_access;
+    __s32 parent_fd;
+} __attribute__((packed));
+.EE
+.in
+.IP
+.I allowed_access
+contains a bitmask of allowed filesystem actions for this file hierarchy
+(see
+.B Filesystem actions
+in
+.BR landlock (7)).
+.IP
+.I parent_fd
+is an opened file descriptor, preferably with the
+.I O_PATH
+flag,
+which identifies the parent directory of the file hierarchy or
+just a file.
+.PP
+.I flags
+must be 0.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success,
+.BR landlock_add_rule ()
+returns 0.
+.SH ERRORS
+.BR landlock_add_rule ()
+can failed for the following reasons:
+.TP
+.B EOPNOTSUPP
+Landlock is supported by the kernel but disabled at boot time.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I flags
+is not 0, or the rule accesses are inconsistent (i.e.,
+.I rule_attr->allowed_access
+is not a subset of the ruleset handled accesses).
+.TP
+.B ENOMSG
+Empty accesses (i.e.,
+.I rule_attr->allowed_access
+is 0).
+.TP
+.B EBADF
+.I ruleset_fd
+is not a file descriptor for the current thread, or a member of
+.I rule_attr
+is not a file descriptor as expected.
+.TP
+.B EBADFD
+.I ruleset_fd
+is not a ruleset file descriptor, or a member of
+.I rule_attr
+is not the expected file descriptor type.
+.TP
+.B EPERM
+.I ruleset_fd
+has no write access to the underlying ruleset.
+.TP
+.B EFAULT
+.I rule_attr
+was not a valid address.
+.SH VERSIONS
+Landlock was added in Linux 5.13.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+This system call is Linux-specific.
+.SH EXAMPLES
+See
+.BR landlock (7).
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2),
+.BR landlock_restrict_self (2),
+.BR landlock (7)
-- 
2.32.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 4/4] landlock_restrict_self.2: Document new syscall
  2021-07-30 14:41 [PATCH v3 0/4] Add Landlock man pages Mickaël Salaün
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 3/4] landlock_add_rule.2: " Mickaël Salaün
@ 2021-07-30 14:41 ` Mickaël Salaün
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Mickaël Salaün @ 2021-07-30 14:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alejandro Colomar, Michael Kerrisk
  Cc: Mickaël Salaün, Jann Horn, Jonathan Corbet, Kees Cook,
	Randy Dunlap, Vincent Dagonneau, landlock, linux-kernel,
	linux-man, linux-security-module, Mickaël Salaün

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

This is an adaptation of
https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.13/userspace-api/landlock.html

Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210730144116.332091-5-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v2:
* Add an EXAMPLES section referring to landlock(7).
* Change list order in the SEE ALSO section.
* Fix .IR and .BR use as explained by Alejandro Colomar.

Changes since v1:
* Replace all ".I" with ".IR", except when used for titles.
* Append punctuation to ".IR" and ".BR" when it makes sense (requested
  by Alejandro Colomar).
* Cut lines according to the semantic newline rules (requested by
  Alejandro Colomar).
* Remove roman style from ".TP" section titles (requested by Alejandro
  Colomar).
* Add comma after "i.e." and "e.g.".
* Add a "CONFORMING TO" section.
* Replace "(2)" with "()" for the described syscall name.
---
 man2/landlock_restrict_self.2 | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 133 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 man2/landlock_restrict_self.2

diff --git a/man2/landlock_restrict_self.2 b/man2/landlock_restrict_self.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4b10997e2fb6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/landlock_restrict_self.2
@@ -0,0 +1,133 @@
+.\" Copyright © 2017-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+.\" Copyright © 2019-2020 ANSSI
+.\" Copyright © 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date.  The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein.  The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH LANDLOCK_RESTRICT_SELF 2 2021-06-27 Linux "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+landlock_restrict_self \- enforce a Landlock ruleset
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.BR "#include <linux/landlock.h>" "  /* Definition of " LANDLOCK_* " constants */"
+.BR "#include <sys/syscall.h>" "     /* Definition of " SYS_* " constants */"
+.PP
+.BI "int syscall(SYS_landlock_restrict_self, int " ruleset_fd ,
+.BI "            __u32 " flags );
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+Once a Landlock ruleset is populated with the desired rules, the
+.BR landlock_restrict_self ()
+system call enables enforcing this ruleset on the calling thread.
+See
+.BR landlock (7)
+for a global overview.
+.PP
+A thread can be restricted with multiple rulesets that are then composed
+together to form the thread's Landlock domain.
+This can be seen as a stack of rulesets but it is implemented in a more
+efficient way.
+A domain can only be updated in such a way that the constraints of each
+past and future composed rulesets will restrict the thread and its future
+children for their entire life.
+It is then possible to gradually enforce tailored access control policies
+with multiple independant rulesets coming from different sources
+(e.g., init system configuration, user session policy,
+built-in application policy).
+However, most applications should only need one call to
+.BR landlock_restrict_self ()
+and they should avoid arbitrary numbers of such calls because of the
+composed rulesets limit.
+Instead, developers are encouraged to build a tailored ruleset thanks to
+multiple calls to
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2).
+.PP
+In order to enforce a ruleset, either the caller must have the
+.B CAP_SYS_ADMIN
+capability in its user namespace, or the thread must already have the
+.I no_new_privs
+bit set.
+As for
+.BR seccomp (2),
+this avoids scenarios where unprivileged processes can affect the behavior
+of privileged children (e.g., because of set-user-ID binaries).
+If that bit was not already set by an ancestor of this thread,
+the thread must make the following call:
+.IP
+.EX
+prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 1, 0, 0, 0);
+.EE
+.PP
+.I ruleset_fd
+is a Landlock ruleset file descriptor obtained with
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2)
+and fully populated with a set of calls to
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2).
+.PP
+.I flags
+must be 0.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success,
+.BR landlock_restrict_self ()
+returns 0.
+.SH ERRORS
+.BR landlock_restrict_self ()
+can failed for the following reasons:
+.TP
+.B EOPNOTSUPP
+Landlock is supported by the kernel but disabled at boot time.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I flags
+is not 0.
+.TP
+.B EBADF
+.I ruleset_fd
+is not a file descriptor for the current thread.
+.TP
+.B EBADFD
+.I ruleset_fd
+is not a ruleset file descriptor.
+.TP
+.B EPERM
+.I ruleset_fd
+has no read access to the underlying ruleset,
+or the calling thread is not running with
+.IR no_new_privs ,
+or it doesn't have the
+.B CAP_SYS_ADMIN
+in its user namespace.
+.TP
+.B E2BIG
+The maximum number of composed rulesets is reached for the calling thread.
+This limit is currently 64.
+.SH VERSIONS
+Landlock was added in Linux 5.13.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+This system call is Linux-specific.
+.SH EXAMPLES
+See
+.BR landlock (7).
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR landlock_create_ruleset (2),
+.BR landlock_add_rule (2),
+.BR landlock (7)
-- 
2.32.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

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2021-07-30 14:41 ` [PATCH v3 2/4] landlock_create_ruleset.2: Document new syscall Mickaël Salaün
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