LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Maxim Devaev <mdevaev@gmail.com>
To: balbi@kernel.org
Cc: stern@rowland.harvard.edu, gregkh@linuxfoundation.org,
	mdevaev@gmail.com, ruslan.bilovol@gmail.com,
	mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com, maze@google.com,
	jj251510319013@gmail.com, linux-usb@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v2] usb: gadget: f_hid: optional SETUP/SET_REPORT mode
Date: Sat, 14 Aug 2021 06:12:32 +0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210814031231.32125-1-mdevaev@gmail.com> (raw)

f_hid provides the OUT Endpoint as only way for receiving reports
from the host. SETUP/SET_REPORT method is not supported, and this causes
a number of compatibility problems with various host drivers, especially
in the case of keyboard emulation using f_hid.

- Some hosts do not support the OUT Endpoint and ignore it,
  so it becomes impossible for the gadget to receive a report
  from the host. In the case of a keyboard, the gadget loses the ability
  to get the status of the LEDs.

- Some BIOSes/UEFIs can't work with HID with the OUT Endpoint at all.
  This may be due to their bugs or incomplete implementation
  of the HID standard.
  For example, absolutely all Apple UEFIs can't handle the OUT Endpoint
  if it goes after IN Endpoint in the descriptor and require the reverse
  order (OUT, IN) which is a violation of the standard.
  Other hosts either do not initialize gadgets with a descriptor
  containing the OUT Endpoint completely (like some HP and DELL BIOSes
  and embedded firmwares like on KVM switches), or initialize them,
  but will not poll.

This patch adds option no_out_endpoint=1 to disable the OUT Endpoint
and allow f_hid to receive reports from the host via SETUP/SET_REPORT.

Previously, there was such a feature in f_hid, but it was replaced
by the OUT Endpoint [1] in the commit 99c515005857 ("usb: gadget: hidg:
register OUT INT endpoint for SET_REPORT"). So this patch actually returns
the removed functionality making it optional. For backward compatibility
reasons, the OUT Endpoint mode remains the default behaviour.

- The OUT Endpoint mode provides the report queue and reduces USB overhead
  (eliminating SETUP routine) on transmitting a report from the host.

- If the SETUP/SET_REPORT mode is used, there is no report queue,
  so the userspace will only read the last report. For classic HID
  devices like keyboard this is not a problem, since it is intended
  to transmit the status of the LEDs and only the last report
  is important. This mode provides better compatibility with strange
  and buggy host drivers.

Both modes passed USBCV tests. Checking with the USB protocol analyzer
also confirmed that everything is working as it should and the new mode
ensures operability in all of the described cases.

Signed-off-by: Maxim Devaev <mdevaev@gmail.com>
Link: https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-usb/msg65494.html [1]
---
 drivers/usb/gadget/function/f_hid.c | 217 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 drivers/usb/gadget/function/u_hid.h |   1 +
 2 files changed, 185 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/function/f_hid.c b/drivers/usb/gadget/function/f_hid.c
index bb476e121eae..e3fb73ed696d 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/function/f_hid.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/function/f_hid.c
@@ -45,12 +45,17 @@ struct f_hidg {
 	unsigned short			report_desc_length;
 	char				*report_desc;
 	unsigned short			report_length;
+	bool				use_out_ep;
 
 	/* recv report */
-	struct list_head		completed_out_req;
 	spinlock_t			read_spinlock;
 	wait_queue_head_t		read_queue;
+	/* recv report - interrupt out only (use_out_ep == 1) */
+	struct list_head		completed_out_req;
 	unsigned int			qlen;
+	/* recv report - setup set_report only (use_out_ep == 0) */
+	char				*set_report_buf;
+	unsigned int			set_report_length;
 
 	/* send report */
 	spinlock_t			write_spinlock;
@@ -79,7 +84,7 @@ static struct usb_interface_descriptor hidg_interface_desc = {
 	.bDescriptorType	= USB_DT_INTERFACE,
 	/* .bInterfaceNumber	= DYNAMIC */
 	.bAlternateSetting	= 0,
-	.bNumEndpoints		= 2,
+	/* .bNumEndpoints	= DYNAMIC */
 	.bInterfaceClass	= USB_CLASS_HID,
 	/* .bInterfaceSubClass	= DYNAMIC */
 	/* .bInterfaceProtocol	= DYNAMIC */
@@ -140,7 +145,7 @@ static struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor hidg_ss_out_comp_desc = {
 	/* .wBytesPerInterval   = DYNAMIC */
 };
 
-static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_ss_descriptors[] = {
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_ss_descriptors_intout[] = {
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_ss_in_ep_desc,
@@ -150,6 +155,14 @@ static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_ss_descriptors[] = {
 	NULL,
 };
 
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_ss_descriptors_ssreport[] = {
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_ss_in_ep_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_ss_in_comp_desc,
+	NULL,
+};
+
 /* High-Speed Support */
 
 static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor hidg_hs_in_ep_desc = {
@@ -176,7 +189,7 @@ static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor hidg_hs_out_ep_desc = {
 				      */
 };
 
-static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_hs_descriptors[] = {
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_hs_descriptors_intout[] = {
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_hs_in_ep_desc,
@@ -184,6 +197,13 @@ static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_hs_descriptors[] = {
 	NULL,
 };
 
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_hs_descriptors_ssreport[] = {
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_hs_in_ep_desc,
+	NULL,
+};
+
 /* Full-Speed Support */
 
 static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor hidg_fs_in_ep_desc = {
@@ -210,7 +230,7 @@ static struct usb_endpoint_descriptor hidg_fs_out_ep_desc = {
 				       */
 };
 
-static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_fs_descriptors[] = {
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_fs_descriptors_intout[] = {
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
 	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_fs_in_ep_desc,
@@ -218,6 +238,13 @@ static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_fs_descriptors[] = {
 	NULL,
 };
 
+static struct usb_descriptor_header *hidg_fs_descriptors_ssreport[] = {
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_interface_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_desc,
+	(struct usb_descriptor_header *)&hidg_fs_in_ep_desc,
+	NULL,
+};
+
 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 /*                                 Strings                                 */
 
@@ -241,9 +268,11 @@ static struct usb_gadget_strings *ct_func_strings[] = {
 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 /*                              Char Device                                */
 
-static ssize_t f_hidg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
-			size_t count, loff_t *ptr)
+static ssize_t f_hidg_intout_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
+				  size_t count, loff_t *ptr)
 {
+	/* used only if the OUT endpoint is configured */
+
 	struct f_hidg *hidg = file->private_data;
 	struct f_hidg_req_list *list;
 	struct usb_request *req;
@@ -255,15 +284,15 @@ static ssize_t f_hidg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
 
-#define READ_COND (!list_empty(&hidg->completed_out_req))
+#define READ_COND_INTOUT (!list_empty(&hidg->completed_out_req))
 
 	/* wait for at least one buffer to complete */
-	while (!READ_COND) {
+	while (!READ_COND_INTOUT) {
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
 		if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
 			return -EAGAIN;
 
-		if (wait_event_interruptible(hidg->read_queue, READ_COND))
+		if (wait_event_interruptible(hidg->read_queue, READ_COND_INTOUT))
 			return -ERESTARTSYS;
 
 		spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
@@ -313,6 +342,62 @@ static ssize_t f_hidg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
 	return count;
 }
 
+#define READ_COND_SSREPORT (hidg->set_report_buf != NULL)
+
+static ssize_t f_hidg_ssreport_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
+				    size_t count, loff_t *ptr)
+{
+	/* used only if the OUT endpoint is NOT configured */
+
+	struct f_hidg *hidg = file->private_data;
+	char *tmp_buf = NULL;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!count)
+		return 0;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+
+	while (!READ_COND_SSREPORT) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+		if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
+			return -EAGAIN;
+
+		if (wait_event_interruptible(hidg->read_queue, READ_COND_SSREPORT))
+			return -ERESTARTSYS;
+
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+	}
+
+	count = min_t(unsigned int, count, hidg->set_report_length);
+	tmp_buf = hidg->set_report_buf;
+	hidg->set_report_buf = NULL;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+
+	if (tmp_buf != NULL) {
+		count -= copy_to_user(buffer, tmp_buf, count);
+		kfree(tmp_buf);
+	} else {
+		count = -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	wake_up(&hidg->read_queue);
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t f_hidg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
+			   size_t count, loff_t *ptr)
+{
+	struct f_hidg *hidg = file->private_data;
+
+	if (hidg->use_out_ep)
+		return f_hidg_intout_read(file, buffer, count, ptr);
+	else
+		return f_hidg_ssreport_read(file, buffer, count, ptr);
+}
+
 static void f_hidg_req_complete(struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
 {
 	struct f_hidg *hidg = (struct f_hidg *)ep->driver_data;
@@ -433,14 +518,20 @@ static __poll_t f_hidg_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
 	if (WRITE_COND)
 		ret |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM;
 
-	if (READ_COND)
-		ret |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
+	if (hidg->use_out_ep) {
+		if (READ_COND_INTOUT)
+			ret |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
+	} else {
+		if (READ_COND_SSREPORT)
+			ret |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
+	}
 
 	return ret;
 }
 
 #undef WRITE_COND
-#undef READ_COND
+#undef READ_COND_SSREPORT
+#undef READ_COND_INTOUT
 
 static int f_hidg_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *fd)
 {
@@ -467,8 +558,10 @@ static inline struct usb_request *hidg_alloc_ep_req(struct usb_ep *ep,
 	return alloc_ep_req(ep, length);
 }
 
-static void hidg_set_report_complete(struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
+static void hidg_intout_complete(struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
 {
+	/* used only if the OUT endpoint is configured */
+
 	struct f_hidg *hidg = (struct f_hidg *) req->context;
 	struct usb_composite_dev *cdev = hidg->func.config->cdev;
 	struct f_hidg_req_list *req_list;
@@ -502,6 +595,39 @@ static void hidg_set_report_complete(struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
 	}
 }
 
+static void hidg_ssreport_complete(struct usb_ep *ep, struct usb_request *req)
+{
+	/* used only if the OUT endpoint is NOT configured */
+
+	struct f_hidg *hidg = (struct f_hidg *)req->context;
+	struct usb_composite_dev *cdev = hidg->func.config->cdev;
+	char *new_buf = NULL;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (req->status != 0 || req->buf == NULL || req->actual == 0) {
+		ERROR(cdev,
+		      "%s FAILED: status=%d, buf=%p, actual=%d\n",
+		      __func__, req->status, req->buf, req->actual);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+
+	new_buf = krealloc(hidg->set_report_buf, req->actual, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (new_buf == NULL) {
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+		return;
+	}
+	hidg->set_report_buf = new_buf;
+
+	hidg->set_report_length = req->actual;
+	memcpy(hidg->set_report_buf, req->buf, req->actual);
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+
+	wake_up(&hidg->read_queue);
+}
+
 static int hidg_setup(struct usb_function *f,
 		const struct usb_ctrlrequest *ctrl)
 {
@@ -549,7 +675,11 @@ static int hidg_setup(struct usb_function *f,
 	case ((USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE) << 8
 		  | HID_REQ_SET_REPORT):
 		VDBG(cdev, "set_report | wLength=%d\n", ctrl->wLength);
-		goto stall;
+		if (hidg->use_out_ep)
+			goto stall;
+		req->complete = hidg_ssreport_complete;
+		req->context  = hidg;
+		goto respond;
 		break;
 
 	case ((USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE) << 8
@@ -637,15 +767,18 @@ static void hidg_disable(struct usb_function *f)
 	unsigned long flags;
 
 	usb_ep_disable(hidg->in_ep);
-	usb_ep_disable(hidg->out_ep);
 
-	spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
-	list_for_each_entry_safe(list, next, &hidg->completed_out_req, list) {
-		free_ep_req(hidg->out_ep, list->req);
-		list_del(&list->list);
-		kfree(list);
+	if (hidg->out_ep) {
+		usb_ep_disable(hidg->out_ep);
+
+		spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
+		list_for_each_entry_safe(list, next, &hidg->completed_out_req, list) {
+			free_ep_req(hidg->out_ep, list->req);
+			list_del(&list->list);
+			kfree(list);
+		}
+		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
 	}
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hidg->read_spinlock, flags);
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&hidg->write_spinlock, flags);
 	if (!hidg->write_pending) {
@@ -691,8 +824,7 @@ static int hidg_set_alt(struct usb_function *f, unsigned intf, unsigned alt)
 		}
 	}
 
-
-	if (hidg->out_ep != NULL) {
+	if (hidg->use_out_ep && hidg->out_ep != NULL) {
 		/* restart endpoint */
 		usb_ep_disable(hidg->out_ep);
 
@@ -717,7 +849,7 @@ static int hidg_set_alt(struct usb_function *f, unsigned intf, unsigned alt)
 					hidg_alloc_ep_req(hidg->out_ep,
 							  hidg->report_length);
 			if (req) {
-				req->complete = hidg_set_report_complete;
+				req->complete = hidg_intout_complete;
 				req->context  = hidg;
 				status = usb_ep_queue(hidg->out_ep, req,
 						      GFP_ATOMIC);
@@ -743,7 +875,8 @@ static int hidg_set_alt(struct usb_function *f, unsigned intf, unsigned alt)
 	}
 	return 0;
 disable_out_ep:
-	usb_ep_disable(hidg->out_ep);
+	if (hidg->out_ep)
+		usb_ep_disable(hidg->out_ep);
 free_req_in:
 	if (req_in)
 		free_ep_req(hidg->in_ep, req_in);
@@ -795,14 +928,21 @@ static int hidg_bind(struct usb_configuration *c, struct usb_function *f)
 		goto fail;
 	hidg->in_ep = ep;
 
-	ep = usb_ep_autoconfig(c->cdev->gadget, &hidg_fs_out_ep_desc);
-	if (!ep)
-		goto fail;
-	hidg->out_ep = ep;
+	hidg->out_ep = NULL;
+	if (hidg->use_out_ep) {
+		ep = usb_ep_autoconfig(c->cdev->gadget, &hidg_fs_out_ep_desc);
+		if (!ep)
+			goto fail;
+		hidg->out_ep = ep;
+	}
+
+	/* used only if use_out_ep == 1 */
+	hidg->set_report_buf = NULL;
 
 	/* set descriptor dynamic values */
 	hidg_interface_desc.bInterfaceSubClass = hidg->bInterfaceSubClass;
 	hidg_interface_desc.bInterfaceProtocol = hidg->bInterfaceProtocol;
+	hidg_interface_desc.bNumEndpoints = hidg->use_out_ep ? 2 : 1;
 	hidg->protocol = HID_REPORT_PROTOCOL;
 	hidg->idle = 1;
 	hidg_ss_in_ep_desc.wMaxPacketSize = cpu_to_le16(hidg->report_length);
@@ -833,12 +973,19 @@ static int hidg_bind(struct usb_configuration *c, struct usb_function *f)
 	hidg_ss_out_ep_desc.bEndpointAddress =
 		hidg_fs_out_ep_desc.bEndpointAddress;
 
-	status = usb_assign_descriptors(f, hidg_fs_descriptors,
-			hidg_hs_descriptors, hidg_ss_descriptors,
-			hidg_ss_descriptors);
+#define CHOOSE_DESC(prefix)	\
+	(hidg->use_out_ep ? prefix##_intout : prefix##_ssreport)
+
+	status = usb_assign_descriptors(f,
+		CHOOSE_DESC(hidg_fs_descriptors),
+		CHOOSE_DESC(hidg_hs_descriptors),
+		CHOOSE_DESC(hidg_ss_descriptors),
+		CHOOSE_DESC(hidg_ss_descriptors));
 	if (status)
 		goto fail;
 
+#undef CHOOSE_DESC
+
 	spin_lock_init(&hidg->write_spinlock);
 	hidg->write_pending = 1;
 	hidg->req = NULL;
@@ -950,6 +1097,7 @@ CONFIGFS_ATTR(f_hid_opts_, name)
 
 F_HID_OPT(subclass, 8, 255);
 F_HID_OPT(protocol, 8, 255);
+F_HID_OPT(no_out_endpoint, 8, 1);
 F_HID_OPT(report_length, 16, 65535);
 
 static ssize_t f_hid_opts_report_desc_show(struct config_item *item, char *page)
@@ -1009,6 +1157,7 @@ CONFIGFS_ATTR_RO(f_hid_opts_, dev);
 static struct configfs_attribute *hid_attrs[] = {
 	&f_hid_opts_attr_subclass,
 	&f_hid_opts_attr_protocol,
+	&f_hid_opts_attr_no_out_endpoint,
 	&f_hid_opts_attr_report_length,
 	&f_hid_opts_attr_report_desc,
 	&f_hid_opts_attr_dev,
@@ -1093,6 +1242,7 @@ static void hidg_free(struct usb_function *f)
 	hidg = func_to_hidg(f);
 	opts = container_of(f->fi, struct f_hid_opts, func_inst);
 	kfree(hidg->report_desc);
+	kfree(hidg->set_report_buf);
 	kfree(hidg);
 	mutex_lock(&opts->lock);
 	--opts->refcnt;
@@ -1139,6 +1289,7 @@ static struct usb_function *hidg_alloc(struct usb_function_instance *fi)
 			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 		}
 	}
+	hidg->use_out_ep = !opts->no_out_endpoint;
 
 	mutex_unlock(&opts->lock);
 
diff --git a/drivers/usb/gadget/function/u_hid.h b/drivers/usb/gadget/function/u_hid.h
index 98d6af558c03..84bb70292855 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/gadget/function/u_hid.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/gadget/function/u_hid.h
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ struct f_hid_opts {
 	int				minor;
 	unsigned char			subclass;
 	unsigned char			protocol;
+	unsigned char			no_out_endpoint;
 	unsigned short			report_length;
 	unsigned short			report_desc_length;
 	unsigned char			*report_desc;
-- 
2.32.0


             reply	other threads:[~2021-08-14  3:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-14  3:12 Maxim Devaev [this message]
2021-08-19 21:13 ` Maciej Żenczykowski
2021-08-20 14:36   ` Maxim Devaev

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20210814031231.32125-1-mdevaev@gmail.com \
    --to=mdevaev@gmail.com \
    --cc=balbi@kernel.org \
    --cc=gregkh@linuxfoundation.org \
    --cc=jj251510319013@gmail.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-usb@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=maze@google.com \
    --cc=mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=ruslan.bilovol@gmail.com \
    --cc=stern@rowland.harvard.edu \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v2] usb: gadget: f_hid: optional SETUP/SET_REPORT mode' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).