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From: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
To: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>,
	page-reclaim@google.com, Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>,
	Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
Subject: [PATCH v4 09/11] mm: multigenerational lru: user interface
Date: Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:31:05 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210818063107.2696454-10-yuzhao@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210818063107.2696454-1-yuzhao@google.com>

Add /sys/kernel/mm/lru_gen/enabled to enable and disable the
multigenerational lru at runtime.

Add /sys/kernel/mm/lru_gen/min_ttl_ms to protect the working set of a
given number of milliseconds. The OOM killer is invoked if this
working set cannot be kept in memory.

Add /sys/kernel/debug/lru_gen to monitor the multigenerational lru and
invoke the aging and the eviction. This file has the following output:
  memcg  memcg_id  memcg_path
    node  node_id
      min_gen  birth_time  anon_size  file_size
      ...
      max_gen  birth_time  anon_size  file_size

min_gen is the oldest generation number and max_gen is the youngest
generation number. birth_time is in milliseconds. anon_size and
file_size are in pages.

This file takes the following input:
  + memcg_id node_id max_gen [swappiness]
  - memcg_id node_id min_gen [swappiness] [nr_to_reclaim]

The first command line invokes the aging, which scans PTEs for
accessed pages and then creates the next generation max_gen+1. A swap
file and a non-zero swappiness, which overrides vm.swappiness, are
required to scan PTEs mapping anon pages. The second command line
invokes the eviction, which evicts generations less than or equal to
min_gen. min_gen should be less than max_gen-1 as max_gen and
max_gen-1 are not fully aged and therefore cannot be evicted.
nr_to_reclaim can be used to limit the number of pages to evict.
Multiple command lines are supported, as is concatenation with
delimiters "," and ";".

Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Tested-by: Konstantin Kharlamov <Hi-Angel@yandex.ru>
---
 include/linux/nodemask.h |   1 +
 mm/vmscan.c              | 412 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 413 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/nodemask.h b/include/linux/nodemask.h
index 567c3ddba2c4..90840c459abc 100644
--- a/include/linux/nodemask.h
+++ b/include/linux/nodemask.h
@@ -486,6 +486,7 @@ static inline int num_node_state(enum node_states state)
 #define first_online_node	0
 #define first_memory_node	0
 #define next_online_node(nid)	(MAX_NUMNODES)
+#define next_memory_node(nid)	(MAX_NUMNODES)
 #define nr_node_ids		1U
 #define nr_online_nodes		1U
 
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 2f1fffbd2d61..c6d539a73d00 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -52,6 +52,8 @@
 #include <linux/memory.h>
 #include <linux/pagewalk.h>
 #include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
 
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 #include <asm/div64.h>
@@ -4732,6 +4734,410 @@ static int __meminit __maybe_unused mem_notifier(struct notifier_block *self,
 	return NOTIFY_DONE;
 }
 
+/******************************************************************************
+ *                          sysfs interface
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+static ssize_t show_min_ttl(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", jiffies_to_msecs(READ_ONCE(lru_gen_min_ttl)));
+}
+
+static ssize_t store_min_ttl(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+			     const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	unsigned int msecs;
+
+	if (kstrtouint(buf, 10, &msecs))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	WRITE_ONCE(lru_gen_min_ttl, msecs_to_jiffies(msecs));
+
+	return len;
+}
+
+static struct kobj_attribute lru_gen_min_ttl_attr = __ATTR(
+	min_ttl_ms, 0644, show_min_ttl, store_min_ttl
+);
+
+static ssize_t show_enable(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", lru_gen_enabled());
+}
+
+static ssize_t store_enable(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
+			    const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	int enable;
+
+	if (kstrtoint(buf, 10, &enable))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	lru_gen_set_state(enable, true, false);
+
+	return len;
+}
+
+static struct kobj_attribute lru_gen_enabled_attr = __ATTR(
+	enabled, 0644, show_enable, store_enable
+);
+
+static struct attribute *lru_gen_attrs[] = {
+	&lru_gen_min_ttl_attr.attr,
+	&lru_gen_enabled_attr.attr,
+	NULL
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group lru_gen_attr_group = {
+	.name = "lru_gen",
+	.attrs = lru_gen_attrs,
+};
+
+/******************************************************************************
+ *                          debugfs interface
+ ******************************************************************************/
+
+static void *lru_gen_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+	loff_t nr_to_skip = *pos;
+
+	m->private = kvmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!m->private)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	do {
+		int nid;
+
+		for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) {
+			if (!nr_to_skip--)
+				return mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, NODE_DATA(nid));
+		}
+	} while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL)));
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void lru_gen_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(v))
+		mem_cgroup_iter_break(NULL, lruvec_memcg(v));
+
+	kvfree(m->private);
+	m->private = NULL;
+}
+
+static void *lru_gen_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	int nid = lruvec_pgdat(v)->node_id;
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = lruvec_memcg(v);
+
+	++*pos;
+
+	nid = next_memory_node(nid);
+	if (nid == MAX_NUMNODES) {
+		memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL);
+		if (!memcg)
+			return NULL;
+
+		nid = first_memory_node;
+	}
+
+	return mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, NODE_DATA(nid));
+}
+
+static void lru_gen_seq_show_full(struct seq_file *m, struct lruvec *lruvec,
+				  unsigned long max_seq, unsigned long *min_seq,
+				  unsigned long seq)
+{
+	int i;
+	int type, tier;
+	int hist = lru_hist_from_seq(seq);
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+	int nid = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)->node_id;
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = lruvec_memcg(lruvec);
+	struct lru_gen_mm_list *mm_list = get_mm_list(memcg);
+
+	for (tier = 0; tier < MAX_NR_TIERS; tier++) {
+		seq_printf(m, "            %10d", tier);
+		for (type = 0; type < ANON_AND_FILE; type++) {
+			unsigned long n[3] = {};
+
+			if (seq == max_seq) {
+				n[0] = READ_ONCE(lrugen->avg_refaulted[type][tier]);
+				n[1] = READ_ONCE(lrugen->avg_total[type][tier]);
+
+				seq_printf(m, " %10luR %10luT %10lu ", n[0], n[1], n[2]);
+			} else if (seq == min_seq[type] || NR_STAT_GENS > 1) {
+				n[0] = atomic_long_read(&lrugen->refaulted[hist][type][tier]);
+				n[1] = atomic_long_read(&lrugen->evicted[hist][type][tier]);
+				if (tier)
+					n[2] = READ_ONCE(lrugen->protected[hist][type][tier - 1]);
+
+				seq_printf(m, " %10lur %10lue %10lup", n[0], n[1], n[2]);
+			} else
+				seq_puts(m, "          0           0           0 ");
+		}
+		seq_putc(m, '\n');
+	}
+
+	seq_puts(m, "                      ");
+	for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_STATS; i++) {
+		if (i == 6)
+			seq_puts(m, "\n                      ");
+
+		if (seq == max_seq && NR_STAT_GENS == 1)
+			seq_printf(m, " %10lu%c", READ_ONCE(mm_list->nodes[nid].stats[hist][i]),
+				   toupper(MM_STAT_CODES[i]));
+		else if (seq != max_seq && NR_STAT_GENS > 1)
+			seq_printf(m, " %10lu%c", READ_ONCE(mm_list->nodes[nid].stats[hist][i]),
+				   MM_STAT_CODES[i]);
+		else
+			seq_puts(m, "          0 ");
+	}
+	seq_putc(m, '\n');
+}
+
+static int lru_gen_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	unsigned long seq;
+	bool full = !debugfs_real_fops(m->file)->write;
+	struct lruvec *lruvec = v;
+	struct lrugen *lrugen = &lruvec->evictable;
+	int nid = lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)->node_id;
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = lruvec_memcg(lruvec);
+	DEFINE_MAX_SEQ(lruvec);
+	DEFINE_MIN_SEQ(lruvec);
+
+	if (nid == first_memory_node) {
+		const char *path = memcg ? m->private : "";
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+		if (memcg)
+			cgroup_path(memcg->css.cgroup, m->private, PATH_MAX);
+#endif
+		seq_printf(m, "memcg %5hu %s\n", mem_cgroup_id(memcg), path);
+	}
+
+	seq_printf(m, " node %5d\n", nid);
+
+	if (!full)
+		seq = min(min_seq[0], min_seq[1]);
+	else if (max_seq >= MAX_NR_GENS)
+		seq = max_seq - MAX_NR_GENS + 1;
+	else
+		seq = 0;
+
+	for (; seq <= max_seq; seq++) {
+		int gen, type, zone;
+		unsigned int msecs;
+
+		gen = lru_gen_from_seq(seq);
+		msecs = jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - READ_ONCE(lrugen->timestamps[gen]));
+
+		seq_printf(m, " %10lu %10u", seq, msecs);
+
+		for (type = 0; type < ANON_AND_FILE; type++) {
+			long size = 0;
+
+			if (seq < min_seq[type]) {
+				seq_puts(m, "         -0 ");
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			for (zone = 0; zone < MAX_NR_ZONES; zone++)
+				size += READ_ONCE(lrugen->sizes[gen][type][zone]);
+
+			seq_printf(m, " %10lu ", max(size, 0L));
+		}
+
+		seq_putc(m, '\n');
+
+		if (full)
+			lru_gen_seq_show_full(m, lruvec, max_seq, min_seq, seq);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations lru_gen_seq_ops = {
+	.start = lru_gen_seq_start,
+	.stop = lru_gen_seq_stop,
+	.next = lru_gen_seq_next,
+	.show = lru_gen_seq_show,
+};
+
+static int run_aging(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long seq, int swappiness)
+{
+	struct scan_control sc = {};
+	DEFINE_MAX_SEQ(lruvec);
+
+	if (seq == max_seq)
+		try_to_inc_max_seq(lruvec, max_seq, &sc, swappiness);
+
+	return seq > max_seq ? -EINVAL : 0;
+}
+
+static int run_eviction(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long seq, int swappiness,
+			unsigned long nr_to_reclaim)
+{
+	unsigned int flags;
+	struct blk_plug plug;
+	int err = -EINTR;
+	long nr_to_scan = LONG_MAX;
+	struct scan_control sc = {
+		.nr_to_reclaim = nr_to_reclaim,
+		.may_writepage = 1,
+		.may_unmap = 1,
+		.may_swap = 1,
+		.reclaim_idx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1,
+		.gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
+	};
+	DEFINE_MAX_SEQ(lruvec);
+
+	if (seq >= max_seq - 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	flags = memalloc_noreclaim_save();
+
+	blk_start_plug(&plug);
+
+	while (!signal_pending(current)) {
+		DEFINE_MIN_SEQ(lruvec);
+
+		if (seq < min(min_seq[!swappiness], min_seq[swappiness < 200]) ||
+		    !evict_pages(lruvec, &sc, swappiness, &nr_to_scan)) {
+			err = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		cond_resched();
+	}
+
+	blk_finish_plug(&plug);
+
+	memalloc_noreclaim_restore(flags);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+static int run_cmd(char cmd, int memcg_id, int nid, unsigned long seq,
+		   int swappiness, unsigned long nr_to_reclaim)
+{
+	struct lruvec *lruvec;
+	int err = -EINVAL;
+	struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL;
+
+	if (!mem_cgroup_disabled()) {
+		rcu_read_lock();
+		memcg = mem_cgroup_from_id(memcg_id);
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+		if (memcg && !css_tryget(&memcg->css))
+			memcg = NULL;
+#endif
+		rcu_read_unlock();
+
+		if (!memcg)
+			goto done;
+	}
+	if (memcg_id != mem_cgroup_id(memcg))
+		goto done;
+
+	if (nid < 0 || nid >= MAX_NUMNODES || !node_state(nid, N_MEMORY))
+		goto done;
+
+	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, NODE_DATA(nid));
+
+	if (swappiness == -1)
+		swappiness = get_swappiness(memcg);
+	else if (swappiness > 200U)
+		goto done;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case '+':
+		err = run_aging(lruvec, seq, swappiness);
+		break;
+	case '-':
+		err = run_eviction(lruvec, seq, swappiness, nr_to_reclaim);
+		break;
+	}
+done:
+	mem_cgroup_put(memcg);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+static ssize_t lru_gen_seq_write(struct file *file, const char __user *src,
+				 size_t len, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	void *buf;
+	char *cur, *next;
+	int err = 0;
+
+	buf = kvmalloc(len + 1, GFP_USER);
+	if (!buf)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	if (copy_from_user(buf, src, len)) {
+		kvfree(buf);
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	next = buf;
+	next[len] = '\0';
+
+	while ((cur = strsep(&next, ",;\n"))) {
+		int n;
+		int end;
+		char cmd;
+		unsigned int memcg_id;
+		unsigned int nid;
+		unsigned long seq;
+		unsigned int swappiness = -1;
+		unsigned long nr_to_reclaim = -1;
+
+		cur = skip_spaces(cur);
+		if (!*cur)
+			continue;
+
+		n = sscanf(cur, "%c %u %u %lu %n %u %n %lu %n", &cmd, &memcg_id, &nid,
+			   &seq, &end, &swappiness, &end, &nr_to_reclaim, &end);
+		if (n < 4 || cur[end]) {
+			err = -EINVAL;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		err = run_cmd(cmd, memcg_id, nid, seq, swappiness, nr_to_reclaim);
+		if (err)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	kvfree(buf);
+
+	return err ? : len;
+}
+
+static int lru_gen_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	return seq_open(file, &lru_gen_seq_ops);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations lru_gen_rw_fops = {
+	.open = lru_gen_seq_open,
+	.read = seq_read,
+	.write = lru_gen_seq_write,
+	.llseek = seq_lseek,
+	.release = seq_release,
+};
+
+static const struct file_operations lru_gen_ro_fops = {
+	.open = lru_gen_seq_open,
+	.read = seq_read,
+	.llseek = seq_lseek,
+	.release = seq_release,
+};
+
 /******************************************************************************
  *                          initialization
  ******************************************************************************/
@@ -4772,6 +5178,12 @@ static int __init init_lru_gen(void)
 	if (hotplug_memory_notifier(mem_notifier, 0))
 		pr_err("lru_gen: failed to subscribe hotplug notifications\n");
 
+	if (sysfs_create_group(mm_kobj, &lru_gen_attr_group))
+		pr_err("lru_gen: failed to create sysfs group\n");
+
+	debugfs_create_file("lru_gen", 0644, NULL, NULL, &lru_gen_rw_fops);
+	debugfs_create_file("lru_gen_full", 0444, NULL, NULL, &lru_gen_ro_fops);
+
 	return 0;
 };
 /*
-- 
2.33.0.rc1.237.g0d66db33f3-goog


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-18  6:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-18  6:30 [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 01/11] mm: x86, arm64: add arch_has_hw_pte_young() Yu Zhao
2021-08-19  9:19   ` Will Deacon
2021-08-19 21:23     ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 02/11] mm: x86: add CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 03/11] mm/vmscan.c: refactor shrink_node() Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 04/11] mm: multigenerational lru: groundwork Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 05/11] mm: multigenerational lru: protection Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 06/11] mm: multigenerational lru: mm_struct list Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 07/11] mm: multigenerational lru: aging Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 08/11] mm: multigenerational lru: eviction Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` Yu Zhao [this message]
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 10/11] mm: multigenerational lru: Kconfig Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 11/11] mm: multigenerational lru: documentation Yu Zhao
2021-10-09  5:43 ` [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework bot
2021-10-21 19:41 ` bot
2021-11-02  0:20 ` bot
2021-11-09  2:13 ` bot

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