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* [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page
@ 2021-08-19  6:58 Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] mm: hugetlb: free " Muchun Song
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Muchun Song @ 2021-08-19  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mike.kravetz, akpm, osalvador, mhocko, song.bao.hua, david,
	chenhuang5, bodeddub, corbet, willy
  Cc: duanxiongchun, fam.zheng, smuchun, zhengqi.arch, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, linux-mm, Muchun Song

After the feature of "Free sonme vmemmap pages of HugeTLB page" is enabled,
the mapping of the vmemmap addresses associated with a 2MB HugeTLB page
becomes the figure below.

     HugeTLB                  struct pages(8 pages)         page frame(8 pages)
 +-----------+ ---virt_to_page---> +-----------+   mapping to   +-----------+---> PG_head
 |           |                     |     0     | -------------> |     0     |
 |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
 |           |                     |     1     | -------------> |     1     |
 |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
 |           |                     |     2     | ----------------^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
 |           |                     +-----------+                   | | | | |
 |           |                     |     3     | ------------------+ | | | |
 |           |                     +-----------+                     | | | |
 |           |                     |     4     | --------------------+ | | |
 |    2MB    |                     +-----------+                       | | |
 |           |                     |     5     | ----------------------+ | |
 |           |                     +-----------+                         | |
 |           |                     |     6     | ------------------------+ |
 |           |                     +-----------+                           |
 |           |                     |     7     | --------------------------+
 |           |                     +-----------+
 |           |
 |           |
 |           |
 +-----------+

As we can see, the 2nd vmemmap page frame (indexed by 1) is reused and remaped.
However, the 2nd vmemmap page frame is also can be freed to the buddy allocator,
then we can change the mapping from the figure above to the figure below.

    HugeTLB                  struct pages(8 pages)         page frame(8 pages)
 +-----------+ ---virt_to_page---> +-----------+   mapping to   +-----------+---> PG_head
 |           |                     |     0     | -------------> |     0     |
 |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
 |           |                     |     1     | ---------------^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
 |           |                     +-----------+                  | | | | | |
 |           |                     |     2     | -----------------+ | | | | |
 |           |                     +-----------+                    | | | | |
 |           |                     |     3     | -------------------+ | | | |
 |           |                     +-----------+                      | | | |
 |           |                     |     4     | ---------------------+ | | |
 |    2MB    |                     +-----------+                        | | |
 |           |                     |     5     | -----------------------+ | |
 |           |                     +-----------+                          | |
 |           |                     |     6     | -------------------------+ |
 |           |                     +-----------+                            |
 |           |                     |     7     | ---------------------------+
 |           |                     +-----------+
 |           |
 |           |
 |           |
 +-----------+

After we do this, all tail vmemmap pages (1-7) are mapped to the head vmemmap
page frame (0). In other words, there are more than one page struct with
PG_head associated with each HugeTLB page.  We __know__ that there is only one
head page struct, the tail page structs with PG_head are fake head page structs.
We need an approach to distinguish between those two different types of page
structs so that compound_head(), PageHead() and PageTail() can work properly
if the parameter is the tail page struct but with PG_head.

The following code snippet describes how to distinguish between real and fake
head page struct.

	if (test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags)) {
		unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page[1].compound_head);

		if (head & 1) {
			if (head == (unsigned long)page + 1)
				==> head page struct
			else
				==> tail page struct
		} else
			==> head page struct
	}

We can safely access the field of the @page[1] with PG_head because the @page
is a compound page composed with at least two contiguous pages. The main
implementation is in the patch 1.

In our server, we can save extra 2GB memory with this patchset applied if there
are 1 TB HugeTLB (2 MB) pages. If the size of the HugeTLB page is 1 GB, it only
can save 4MB. For 2 MB HugeTLB page, it is a nice gain.

Changlogs in v2:
  1. Drop two patches of introducing PAGEFLAGS_MASK from this series.
  2. Let page_head_if_fake() return page instead of NULL.
  3. Add a selftest to check if PageHead or PageTail work well.

Muchun Song (4):
  mm: hugetlb: free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB
    page
  mm: hugetlb: replace hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled with a static_key
  mm: sparsemem: use page table lock to protect kernel pmd operations
  selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case

 Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt |   2 +-
 include/linux/hugetlb.h                         |   6 +-
 include/linux/page-flags.h                      |  77 ++++++++++++-
 mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c                            |  64 ++++++-----
 mm/ptdump.c                                     |  16 ++-
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c                             |  70 +++++++++---
 tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c    | 139 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 320 insertions(+), 54 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c

-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 1/4] mm: hugetlb: free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page
  2021-08-19  6:58 [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
@ 2021-08-19  6:58 ` Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] mm: hugetlb: replace hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled with a static_key Muchun Song
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Muchun Song @ 2021-08-19  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mike.kravetz, akpm, osalvador, mhocko, song.bao.hua, david,
	chenhuang5, bodeddub, corbet, willy
  Cc: duanxiongchun, fam.zheng, smuchun, zhengqi.arch, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, linux-mm, Muchun Song

Currently, we only free 6 vmemmap pages associated with a 2MB HugeTLB
page. However, we can remap all tail vmemmap pages to the page frame
mapped to with the head vmemmap page. Finally, we can free 7 vmemmap
pages for a 2MB HugeTLB page. It is a fine gain (e.g. we can save
extra 2GB memory when there is 1TB HugeTLB pages in the system
compared with the current implementation).

But the head vmemmap page is not freed to the buddy allocator and all
tail vmemmap pages are mapped to the head vmemmap page frame. So we
can see more than one struct page struct with PG_head (e.g. 8 per 2 MB
HugeTLB page) associated with each HugeTLB page. We should adjust
compound_head() to make it returns the real head struct page when the
parameter is the tail struct page but with PG_head flag.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
---
 Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt |  2 +-
 include/linux/page-flags.h                      | 75 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
 mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c                            | 60 +++++++++++---------
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c                             | 21 +++++++
 4 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index bdb22006f713..a154a7b3b9a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1606,7 +1606,7 @@
 			[KNL] Reguires CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
 			enabled.
 			Allows heavy hugetlb users to free up some more
-			memory (6 * PAGE_SIZE for each 2MB hugetlb page).
+			memory (7 * PAGE_SIZE for each 2MB hugetlb page).
 			Format: { on | off (default) }
 
 			on:  enable the feature
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 8e1d97d8f3bd..7b1a918ebd43 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -184,13 +184,64 @@ enum pageflags {
 
 #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
+extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+
+/*
+ * If the feature of freeing some vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB
+ * page is enabled, the head vmemmap page frame is reused and all of the tail
+ * vmemmap addresses map to the head vmemmap page frame (furture details can
+ * refer to the figure at the head of the mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c).  In other
+ * word, there are more than one page struct with PG_head associated with each
+ * HugeTLB page.  We __know__ that there is only one head page struct, the tail
+ * page structs with PG_head are fake head page structs.  We need an approach
+ * to distinguish between those two different types of page structs so that
+ * compound_head() can return the real head page struct when the parameter is
+ * the tail page struct but with PG_head.
+ *
+ * The page_head_if_fake() returns the real head page struct iff the @page may
+ * be fake, otherwise, returns the @page if it cannot be a fake page struct.
+ */
+static __always_inline const struct page *page_head_if_fake(const struct page *page)
+{
+	if (!hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled)
+		return page;
+
+	/*
+	 * Only addresses aligned with PAGE_SIZE of struct page may be fake head
+	 * struct page. The alignment check aims to avoid access the fields (
+	 * e.g. compound_head) of the @page[1]. It can avoid touch a (possibly)
+	 * cold cacheline in some cases.
+	 */
+	if (IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)page, PAGE_SIZE) &&
+	    test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags)) {
+		/*
+		 * We can safely access the field of the @page[1] with PG_head
+		 * because the @page is a compound page composed with at least
+		 * two contiguous pages.
+		 */
+		unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page[1].compound_head);
+
+		if (likely(head & 1))
+			return (const struct page *)(head - 1);
+	}
+
+	return page;
+}
+#else
+static __always_inline const struct page *page_head_if_fake(const struct page *page)
+{
+	return page;
+}
+#endif
+
 static inline unsigned long _compound_head(const struct page *page)
 {
 	unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page->compound_head);
 
 	if (unlikely(head & 1))
 		return head - 1;
-	return (unsigned long)page;
+	return (unsigned long)page_head_if_fake(page);
 }
 
 #define compound_head(page)	((typeof(page))_compound_head(page))
@@ -225,12 +276,14 @@ static inline unsigned long _compound_head(const struct page *page)
 
 static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page)
 {
-	return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1;
+	return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1 ||
+	       page_head_if_fake(page) != page;
 }
 
 static __always_inline int PageCompound(struct page *page)
 {
-	return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) || PageTail(page);
+	return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) ||
+	       READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1;
 }
 
 #define	PAGE_POISON_PATTERN	-1l
@@ -675,7 +728,21 @@ static inline bool test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page)
 	return set_page_writeback(page);
 }
 
-__PAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY)
+static __always_inline bool folio_test_head(struct folio *folio)
+{
+	return test_bit(PG_head, folio_flags(folio, FOLIO_PF_ANY));
+}
+
+static __always_inline int PageHead(struct page *page)
+{
+	PF_POISONED_CHECK(page);
+	return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) &&
+	       page_head_if_fake(page) == page;
+}
+
+__SETPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY)
+__CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY)
+CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY)
 
 /* Whether there are one or multiple pages in a folio */
 static inline bool folio_single(struct folio *folio)
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
index c540c21e26f5..527bcaa44a48 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
@@ -124,9 +124,9 @@
  * page of page structs (page 0) associated with the HugeTLB page contains the 4
  * page structs necessary to describe the HugeTLB. The only use of the remaining
  * pages of page structs (page 1 to page 7) is to point to page->compound_head.
- * Therefore, we can remap pages 2 to 7 to page 1. Only 2 pages of page structs
+ * Therefore, we can remap pages 1 to 7 to page 0. Only 1 pages of page structs
  * will be used for each HugeTLB page. This will allow us to free the remaining
- * 6 pages to the buddy allocator.
+ * 7 pages to the buddy allocator.
  *
  * Here is how things look after remapping.
  *
@@ -134,30 +134,30 @@
  * +-----------+ ---virt_to_page---> +-----------+   mapping to   +-----------+
  * |           |                     |     0     | -------------> |     0     |
  * |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
- * |           |                     |     1     | -------------> |     1     |
- * |           |                     +-----------+                +-----------+
- * |           |                     |     2     | ----------------^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
- * |           |                     +-----------+                   | | | | |
- * |           |                     |     3     | ------------------+ | | | |
- * |           |                     +-----------+                     | | | |
- * |           |                     |     4     | --------------------+ | | |
- * |    PMD    |                     +-----------+                       | | |
- * |   level   |                     |     5     | ----------------------+ | |
- * |  mapping  |                     +-----------+                         | |
- * |           |                     |     6     | ------------------------+ |
- * |           |                     +-----------+                           |
- * |           |                     |     7     | --------------------------+
+ * |           |                     |     1     | ---------------^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
+ * |           |                     +-----------+                  | | | | | |
+ * |           |                     |     2     | -----------------+ | | | | |
+ * |           |                     +-----------+                    | | | | |
+ * |           |                     |     3     | -------------------+ | | | |
+ * |           |                     +-----------+                      | | | |
+ * |           |                     |     4     | ---------------------+ | | |
+ * |    PMD    |                     +-----------+                        | | |
+ * |   level   |                     |     5     | -----------------------+ | |
+ * |  mapping  |                     +-----------+                          | |
+ * |           |                     |     6     | -------------------------+ |
+ * |           |                     +-----------+                            |
+ * |           |                     |     7     | ---------------------------+
  * |           |                     +-----------+
  * |           |
  * |           |
  * |           |
  * +-----------+
  *
- * When a HugeTLB is freed to the buddy system, we should allocate 6 pages for
+ * When a HugeTLB is freed to the buddy system, we should allocate 7 pages for
  * vmemmap pages and restore the previous mapping relationship.
  *
  * For the HugeTLB page of the pud level mapping. It is similar to the former.
- * We also can use this approach to free (PAGE_SIZE - 2) vmemmap pages.
+ * We also can use this approach to free (PAGE_SIZE - 1) vmemmap pages.
  *
  * Apart from the HugeTLB page of the pmd/pud level mapping, some architectures
  * (e.g. aarch64) provides a contiguous bit in the translation table entries
@@ -166,7 +166,13 @@
  *
  * The contiguous bit is used to increase the mapping size at the pmd and pte
  * (last) level. So this type of HugeTLB page can be optimized only when its
- * size of the struct page structs is greater than 2 pages.
+ * size of the struct page structs is greater than 1 pages.
+ *
+ * Notice: The head vmemmap page is not freed to the buddy allocator and all
+ * tail vmemmap pages are mapped to the head vmemmap page frame. So we can see
+ * more than one struct page struct with PG_head (e.g. 8 per 2 MB HugeTLB page)
+ * associated with each HugeTLB page. The compound_head() can handle this
+ * correctly (more details refer to the comment above compound_head()).
  */
 #define pr_fmt(fmt)	"HugeTLB: " fmt
 
@@ -175,14 +181,16 @@
 /*
  * There are a lot of struct page structures associated with each HugeTLB page.
  * For tail pages, the value of compound_head is the same. So we can reuse first
- * page of tail page structures. We map the virtual addresses of the remaining
- * pages of tail page structures to the first tail page struct, and then free
- * these page frames. Therefore, we need to reserve two pages as vmemmap areas.
+ * page of head page structures. We map the virtual addresses of all the pages
+ * of tail page structures to the head page struct, and then free these page
+ * frames. Therefore, we need to reserve one pages as vmemmap areas.
  */
-#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR		2U
+#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR		1U
 #define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_SIZE		(RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR << PAGE_SHIFT)
 
-bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON);
+bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled __read_mostly =
+	IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled);
 
 static int __init early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param(char *buf)
 {
@@ -236,7 +244,6 @@ int alloc_huge_page_vmemmap(struct hstate *h, struct page *head)
 	 */
 	ret = vmemmap_remap_alloc(vmemmap_addr, vmemmap_end, vmemmap_reuse,
 				  GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_THISNODE);
-
 	if (!ret)
 		ClearHPageVmemmapOptimized(head);
 
@@ -282,9 +289,8 @@ void __init hugetlb_vmemmap_init(struct hstate *h)
 
 	vmemmap_pages = (nr_pages * sizeof(struct page)) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	/*
-	 * The head page and the first tail page are not to be freed to buddy
-	 * allocator, the other pages will map to the first tail page, so they
-	 * can be freed.
+	 * The head page is not to be freed to buddy allocator, the other tail
+	 * pages will map to the head page, so they can be freed.
 	 *
 	 * Could RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR be greater than @vmemmap_pages? It is true
 	 * on some architectures (e.g. aarch64). See Documentation/arm64/
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index bdce883f9286..62e3d20648ce 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -53,6 +53,17 @@ struct vmemmap_remap_walk {
 	struct list_head *vmemmap_pages;
 };
 
+/*
+ * How many struct page structs need to be reset. When we reuse the head
+ * struct page, the special metadata (e.g. page->flags or page->mapping)
+ * cannot copy to the tail struct page structs. The invalid value will be
+ * checked in the free_tail_pages_check(). In order to avoid the message
+ * of "corrupted mapping in tail page". We need to reset at least 3 (one
+ * head struct page struct and two tail struct page structs) struct page
+ * structs.
+ */
+#define NR_RESET_STRUCT_PAGE		3
+
 static int split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start,
 				  struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
 {
@@ -245,6 +256,15 @@ static void vmemmap_remap_pte(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
 	set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, entry);
 }
 
+static inline void reset_struct_pages(struct page *start)
+{
+	int i;
+	struct page *from = start + NR_RESET_STRUCT_PAGE;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < NR_RESET_STRUCT_PAGE; i++)
+		memcpy(start + i, from, sizeof(*from));
+}
+
 static void vmemmap_restore_pte(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
 				struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
 {
@@ -258,6 +278,7 @@ static void vmemmap_restore_pte(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
 	list_del(&page->lru);
 	to = page_to_virt(page);
 	copy_page(to, (void *)walk->reuse_addr);
+	reset_struct_pages(to);
 
 	set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, pgprot));
 }
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 2/4] mm: hugetlb: replace hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled with a static_key
  2021-08-19  6:58 [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] mm: hugetlb: free " Muchun Song
@ 2021-08-19  6:58 ` Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] mm: sparsemem: use page table lock to protect kernel pmd operations Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case Muchun Song
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Muchun Song @ 2021-08-19  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mike.kravetz, akpm, osalvador, mhocko, song.bao.hua, david,
	chenhuang5, bodeddub, corbet, willy
  Cc: duanxiongchun, fam.zheng, smuchun, zhengqi.arch, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, linux-mm, Muchun Song

The page_head_if_fake() is used throughout memory management and the
conditional check requires checking a global variable, although the
overhead of this check may be small, it increases when the memory
cache comes under pressure. Also, the global variable will not be
modified after system boot, so it is very appropriate to use static
key machanism.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
---
 include/linux/hugetlb.h    |  6 +++++-
 include/linux/page-flags.h |  6 ++++--
 mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c       | 10 +++++-----
 3 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index f7ca1a3870ea..ee3ddf3d12cf 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -1057,7 +1057,11 @@ static inline void set_huge_swap_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr
 #endif	/* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
-extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_MAYBE(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON,
+			 hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
+#define hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled					 \
+	static_key_enabled(&hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key)
+
 #else
 #define hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled	false
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 7b1a918ebd43..d68d2cf30d76 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -185,7 +185,8 @@ enum pageflags {
 #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
-extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_MAYBE(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON,
+			 hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
 
 /*
  * If the feature of freeing some vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB
@@ -204,7 +205,8 @@ extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
  */
 static __always_inline const struct page *page_head_if_fake(const struct page *page)
 {
-	if (!hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled)
+	if (!static_branch_maybe(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON,
+				 &hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key))
 		return page;
 
 	/*
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
index 527bcaa44a48..5b80129c684c 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
@@ -188,9 +188,9 @@
 #define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR		1U
 #define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_SIZE		(RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR << PAGE_SHIFT)
 
-bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled __read_mostly =
-	IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON);
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled);
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_MAYBE(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP_DEFAULT_ON,
+			hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
 
 static int __init early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param(char *buf)
 {
@@ -204,9 +204,9 @@ static int __init early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param(char *buf)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (!strcmp(buf, "on"))
-		hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled = true;
+		static_branch_enable(&hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
 	else if (!strcmp(buf, "off"))
-		hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled = false;
+		static_branch_disable(&hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled_key);
 	else
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 3/4] mm: sparsemem: use page table lock to protect kernel pmd operations
  2021-08-19  6:58 [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] mm: hugetlb: free " Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] mm: hugetlb: replace hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled with a static_key Muchun Song
@ 2021-08-19  6:58 ` Muchun Song
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case Muchun Song
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Muchun Song @ 2021-08-19  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mike.kravetz, akpm, osalvador, mhocko, song.bao.hua, david,
	chenhuang5, bodeddub, corbet, willy
  Cc: duanxiongchun, fam.zheng, smuchun, zhengqi.arch, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, linux-mm, Muchun Song

The init_mm.page_table_lock is used to protect kernel page tables, we
can use it to serialize splitting vmemmap PMD mappings instead of mmap
write lock, which can increase the concurrency of vmemmap_remap_free().

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
---
 mm/ptdump.c         | 16 ++++++++++++----
 mm/sparse-vmemmap.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/ptdump.c b/mm/ptdump.c
index da751448d0e4..eea3d28d173c 100644
--- a/mm/ptdump.c
+++ b/mm/ptdump.c
@@ -40,8 +40,10 @@ static int ptdump_pgd_entry(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
 	if (st->effective_prot)
 		st->effective_prot(st, 0, pgd_val(val));
 
-	if (pgd_leaf(val))
+	if (pgd_leaf(val)) {
 		st->note_page(st, addr, 0, pgd_val(val));
+		walk->action = ACTION_CONTINUE;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -61,8 +63,10 @@ static int ptdump_p4d_entry(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
 	if (st->effective_prot)
 		st->effective_prot(st, 1, p4d_val(val));
 
-	if (p4d_leaf(val))
+	if (p4d_leaf(val)) {
 		st->note_page(st, addr, 1, p4d_val(val));
+		walk->action = ACTION_CONTINUE;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -82,8 +86,10 @@ static int ptdump_pud_entry(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
 	if (st->effective_prot)
 		st->effective_prot(st, 2, pud_val(val));
 
-	if (pud_leaf(val))
+	if (pud_leaf(val)) {
 		st->note_page(st, addr, 2, pud_val(val));
+		walk->action = ACTION_CONTINUE;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -101,8 +107,10 @@ static int ptdump_pmd_entry(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
 
 	if (st->effective_prot)
 		st->effective_prot(st, 3, pmd_val(val));
-	if (pmd_leaf(val))
+	if (pmd_leaf(val)) {
 		st->note_page(st, addr, 3, pmd_val(val));
+		walk->action = ACTION_CONTINUE;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index 62e3d20648ce..e636943ccfc4 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -64,8 +64,8 @@ struct vmemmap_remap_walk {
  */
 #define NR_RESET_STRUCT_PAGE		3
 
-static int split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start,
-				  struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
+static int __split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start,
+				    struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
 {
 	pmd_t __pmd;
 	int i;
@@ -87,15 +87,37 @@ static int split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start,
 		set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, pte, entry);
 	}
 
-	/* Make pte visible before pmd. See comment in __pte_alloc(). */
-	smp_wmb();
-	pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, pgtable);
+	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	if (likely(pmd_leaf(*pmd))) {
+		/* Make pte visible before pmd. See comment in __pte_alloc(). */
+		smp_wmb();
+		pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, pgtable);
+		flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, start + PMD_SIZE);
+		spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 
-	flush_tlb_kernel_range(start, start + PMD_SIZE);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, pgtable);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start,
+				  struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+	ret = pmd_leaf(*pmd);
+	spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+
+	if (ret)
+		ret = __split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd, start, walk);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static void vmemmap_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
 			      unsigned long end,
 			      struct vmemmap_remap_walk *walk)
@@ -132,13 +154,12 @@ static int vmemmap_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
 
 	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
 	do {
-		if (pmd_leaf(*pmd)) {
-			int ret;
+		int ret;
+
+		ret = split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd, addr & PMD_MASK, walk);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
 
-			ret = split_vmemmap_huge_pmd(pmd, addr & PMD_MASK, walk);
-			if (ret)
-				return ret;
-		}
 		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
 		vmemmap_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, walk);
 	} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
@@ -321,10 +342,8 @@ int vmemmap_remap_free(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
 	 */
 	BUG_ON(start - reuse != PAGE_SIZE);
 
-	mmap_write_lock(&init_mm);
+	mmap_read_lock(&init_mm);
 	ret = vmemmap_remap_range(reuse, end, &walk);
-	mmap_write_downgrade(&init_mm);
-
 	if (ret && walk.nr_walked) {
 		end = reuse + walk.nr_walked * PAGE_SIZE;
 		/*
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 4/4] selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case
  2021-08-19  6:58 [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] mm: sparsemem: use page table lock to protect kernel pmd operations Muchun Song
@ 2021-08-19  6:58 ` Muchun Song
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 5+ messages in thread
From: Muchun Song @ 2021-08-19  6:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mike.kravetz, akpm, osalvador, mhocko, song.bao.hua, david,
	chenhuang5, bodeddub, corbet, willy
  Cc: duanxiongchun, fam.zheng, smuchun, zhengqi.arch, linux-doc,
	linux-kernel, linux-mm, Muchun Song

Since the head vmemmap page frame associated with each HugeTLB page is
reused, we should hide the PG_head flag of tail struct page from the
user. Add a tese case to check whether it is work properly.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c | 139 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 139 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b6e945bf4053
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/vmemmap_hugetlb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * A test case of using hugepage memory in a user application using the
+ * mmap system call with MAP_HUGETLB flag.  Before running this program
+ * make sure the administrator has allocated enough default sized huge
+ * pages to cover the 2 MB allocation.
+ *
+ * For ia64 architecture, Linux kernel reserves Region number 4 for hugepages.
+ * That means the addresses starting with 0x800000... will need to be
+ * specified.  Specifying a fixed address is not required on ppc64, i386
+ * or x86_64.
+ */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+
+#define MAP_LENGTH		(2UL * 1024 * 1024)
+
+#ifndef MAP_HUGETLB
+#define MAP_HUGETLB		0x40000	/* arch specific */
+#endif
+
+#define PAGE_SIZE		4096
+
+#define PAGE_COMPOUND_HEAD	(1UL << 15)
+#define PAGE_COMPOUND_TAIL	(1UL << 16)
+#define PAGE_HUGE		(1UL << 17)
+
+#define HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS		(PAGE_COMPOUND_HEAD | PAGE_HUGE)
+#define TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS		(PAGE_COMPOUND_TAIL | PAGE_HUGE)
+
+#define PM_PFRAME_BITS		55
+#define PM_PFRAME_MASK		~((1UL << PM_PFRAME_BITS) - 1)
+
+/* Only ia64 requires this */
+#ifdef __ia64__
+#define MAP_ADDR		(void *)(0x8000000000000000UL)
+#define MAP_FLAGS		(MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB | MAP_FIXED)
+#else
+#define MAP_ADDR		NULL
+#define MAP_FLAGS		(MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_HUGETLB)
+#endif
+
+static void write_bytes(char *addr, size_t length)
+{
+	unsigned long i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < length; i++)
+		*(addr + i) = (char)i;
+}
+
+static unsigned long virt_to_pfn(void *addr)
+{
+	int fd;
+	unsigned long pagemap;
+
+	fd = open("/proc/self/pagemap", O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return -1UL;
+
+	lseek(fd, (unsigned long)addr / PAGE_SIZE * sizeof(pagemap), SEEK_SET);
+	read(fd, &pagemap, sizeof(pagemap));
+	close(fd);
+
+	return pagemap & ~PM_PFRAME_MASK;
+}
+
+static int check_page_flags(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	int fd, i;
+	unsigned long pageflags;
+
+	fd = open("/proc/kpageflags", O_RDONLY);
+	if (fd < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	lseek(fd, pfn * sizeof(pageflags), SEEK_SET);
+
+	read(fd, &pageflags, sizeof(pageflags));
+	if ((pageflags & HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) != HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) {
+		close(fd);
+		printf("Head page flags (%lx) is invalid\n", pageflags);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 1; i < MAP_LENGTH / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
+		read(fd, &pageflags, sizeof(pageflags));
+		if ((pageflags & TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS) != TAIL_PAGE_FLAGS ||
+		    (pageflags & HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) == HEAD_PAGE_FLAGS) {
+			close(fd);
+			printf("Tail page flags (%lx) is invalid\n", pageflags);
+			return -1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	close(fd);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	void *addr;
+	unsigned long pfn;
+
+	addr = mmap(MAP_ADDR, MAP_LENGTH, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_FLAGS, -1, 0);
+	if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
+		perror("mmap");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	/* Trigger allocation of HugeTLB page. */
+	write_bytes(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+
+	pfn = virt_to_pfn(addr);
+	if (pfn == -1UL) {
+		munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+		perror("virt_to_pfn");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	printf("Returned address is %p whose pfn is %lx\n", addr, pfn);
+
+	if (check_page_flags(pfn) < 0) {
+		munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH);
+		perror("check_page_flags");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	/* munmap() length of MAP_HUGETLB memory must be hugepage aligned */
+	if (munmap(addr, MAP_LENGTH)) {
+		perror("munmap");
+		exit(1);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 5+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-08-19  7:01 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-08-19  6:58 [PATCH v2 0/4] Free the 2nd vmemmap page associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] mm: hugetlb: free " Muchun Song
2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] mm: hugetlb: replace hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled with a static_key Muchun Song
2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] mm: sparsemem: use page table lock to protect kernel pmd operations Muchun Song
2021-08-19  6:58 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] selftests: vm: add a hugetlb test case Muchun Song

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