LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Daeho Jeong <daeho43@gmail.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net, kernel-team@android.com
Cc: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option
Date: Wed, 25 Aug 2021 11:57:47 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210825185747.1627497-1-daeho43@gmail.com> (raw)

From: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>

Added two options into "mode=" mount option to make it possible for
developers to make the filesystem fragmented or simulate filesystem
fragmentation/after-GC situation itself. The developers use these modes
to understand filesystem fragmentation/after-GC condition well,
and eventually get some insights to handle them better.

"fragment:segment": f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom position.
                    With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
"fragment:block"  : We can scatter block allocation with
                    "fragment_chunk_max" and "fragment_hole_max" sysfs
                    nodes. f2fs will allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_max>
                    blocks in a chunk and make a hole in the length of
                    1..<fragment_hole_max> by turns in a newly allocated
                    free segment.

Signed-off-by: Daeho Jeong <daehojeong@google.com>
---
v2: changed mode name and added sysfs nodes to control the fragmentation
    pattern.
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst      | 16 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/f2fs.h                          | 16 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/gc.c                            |  5 ++++-
 fs/f2fs/segment.c                       | 17 +++++++++++++++--
 fs/f2fs/super.c                         | 11 +++++++++++
 fs/f2fs/sysfs.c                         | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
index f627e705e663..dba3997895ef 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-fs-f2fs
@@ -512,3 +512,21 @@ Date:		July 2021
 Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
 Description:	You can	control the multiplier value of	bdi device readahead window size
 		between 2 (default) and 256 for POSIX_FADV_SEQUENTIAL advise option.
+
+What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_chunk_max
+Date:		August 2021
+Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
+Description:	With "mode=fragment:block" mount option, we can scatter block allocation.
+		Using this node, f2fs will allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_max> blocks in a chunk
+		and make a hole in the length of 1..<fragment_hole_max> by turns in a newly
+		allocated free segment. This value can be set between 1..512 and the default
+		value is 4.
+
+What:		/sys/fs/f2fs/<disk>/fragment_hole_max
+Date:		August 2021
+Contact:	"Daeho Jeong" <daehojeong@google.com>
+Description:	With "mode=fragment:block" mount option, we can scatter block allocation.
+		Using this node, f2fs will allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_max> blocks in a chunk
+		and make a hole in the length of 1..<fragment_hole_max> by turns in a newly
+		allocated free segment. This value can be set between 1..512 and the default
+		value is 4.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
index 09de6ebbbdfa..d2ddc1273f67 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/f2fs.rst
@@ -201,6 +201,22 @@ fault_type=%d		 Support configuring fault injection type, should be
 mode=%s			 Control block allocation mode which supports "adaptive"
 			 and "lfs". In "lfs" mode, there should be no random
 			 writes towards main area.
+			 "fragment:segment" and "fragment:block" are newly added here.
+			 These are developer options for experiments to make the filesystem
+			 fragmented or simulate filesystem fragmentation/after-GC situation
+			 itself. The developers use these modes to understand filesystem
+			 fragmentation/after-GC condition well, and eventually get some
+			 insights to handle them better.
+			 In "fragment:segment", f2fs allocates a new segment in ramdom
+			 position. With this, we can simulate the after-GC condition.
+			 In "fragment:block", we can scatter block allocation with
+			 "fragment_chunk_max" and "fragment_hole_max" sysfs nodes. f2fs will
+			 allocate 1..<fragment_chunk_max> blocks in a chunk and make
+			 a hole in the length of 1..<fragment_hole_max> by turns in a newly
+			 allocated free segment. With this, the newly allocated blocks will
+			 be scattered throughout the whole partition. Please, use these
+			 options for your experiments and we strongly recommend to re-format
+			 the filesystem after using these options.
 io_bits=%u		 Set the bit size of write IO requests. It should be set
 			 with "mode=lfs".
 usrquota		 Enable plain user disk quota accounting.
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index c24f03e054cb..4e591fc75ee7 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -1287,6 +1287,8 @@ enum {
 enum {
 	FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE,	/* use both lfs/ssr allocation */
 	FS_MODE_LFS,		/* use lfs allocation only */
+	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG,	/* segment fragmentation mode */
+	FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_BLK,	/* block fragmentation mode */
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -1757,6 +1759,10 @@ struct f2fs_sb_info {
 
 	unsigned long seq_file_ra_mul;		/* multiplier for ra_pages of seq. files in fadvise */
 
+	int fragment_chunk_max;		/* the maximum chunk size for fragment:block allocation mode */
+	int fragment_hole_max;		/* the maximum hole size for fragment:block allocation mode */
+	int fragment_remained_chunk;	/* remained size to make a full chunk */
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_F2FS_FS_COMPRESSION
 	struct kmem_cache *page_array_slab;	/* page array entry */
 	unsigned int page_array_slab_size;	/* default page array slab size */
@@ -3517,6 +3523,16 @@ unsigned int f2fs_usable_segs_in_sec(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 unsigned int f2fs_usable_blks_in_seg(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 			unsigned int segno);
 
+#define DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE	4
+#define MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE	1
+#define MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE	512
+
+static inline bool f2fs_fragment_mode(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
+{
+	return F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG ||
+		F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_BLK;
+}
+
 /*
  * checkpoint.c
  */
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/gc.c b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
index 2c18443972b6..14046fb19a20 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/gc.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/gc.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #include <linux/delay.h>
 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
 
 #include "f2fs.h"
 #include "node.h"
@@ -257,7 +258,9 @@ static void select_policy(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int gc_type,
 		p->max_search = sbi->max_victim_search;
 
 	/* let's select beginning hot/small space first in no_heap mode*/
-	if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
+	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))
+		p->offset = prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
+	else if (test_opt(sbi, NOHEAP) &&
 		(type == CURSEG_HOT_DATA || IS_NODESEG(type)))
 		p->offset = 0;
 	else
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
index a135d2247415..0063c8ce18ac 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
 #include <linux/timer.h>
 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
 
 #include "f2fs.h"
 #include "segment.h"
@@ -2630,6 +2631,8 @@ static unsigned int __get_next_segno(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type)
 	unsigned short seg_type = curseg->seg_type;
 
 	sanity_check_seg_type(sbi, seg_type);
+	if (f2fs_fragment_mode(sbi))
+		return prandom_u32() % (MAIN_SECS(sbi) * sbi->segs_per_sec);
 
 	/* if segs_per_sec is large than 1, we need to keep original policy. */
 	if (__is_large_section(sbi))
@@ -2707,12 +2710,22 @@ static int __next_free_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 static void __refresh_next_blkoff(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
 				struct curseg_info *seg)
 {
-	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR)
+	if (seg->alloc_type == SSR) {
 		seg->next_blkoff =
 			__next_free_blkoff(sbi, seg->segno,
 						seg->next_blkoff + 1);
-	else
+	} else {
 		seg->next_blkoff++;
+		/* To allocate block chunks in different sizes, use random number */
+		if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_BLK) {
+			if (--sbi->fragment_remained_chunk <= 0) {
+				sbi->fragment_remained_chunk =
+				    prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_chunk_max + 1;
+				seg->next_blkoff +=
+				    prandom_u32() % sbi->fragment_hole_max + 1;
+			}
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 bool f2fs_segment_has_free_slot(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int segno)
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 49e153fd8183..112b50bed186 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -817,6 +817,10 @@ static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, bool is_remount)
 				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_ADAPTIVE;
 			} else if (!strcmp(name, "lfs")) {
 				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_LFS;
+			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:segment")) {
+				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG;
+			} else if (!strcmp(name, "fragment:block")) {
+				F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode = FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_BLK;
 			} else {
 				kfree(name);
 				return -EINVAL;
@@ -1897,6 +1901,10 @@ static int f2fs_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
 		seq_puts(seq, "adaptive");
 	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_LFS)
 		seq_puts(seq, "lfs");
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_SEG)
+		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:segment");
+	else if (F2FS_OPTION(sbi).fs_mode == FS_MODE_FRAGMENT_BLK)
+		seq_puts(seq, "fragment:block");
 	seq_printf(seq, ",active_logs=%u", F2FS_OPTION(sbi).active_logs);
 	if (test_opt(sbi, RESERVE_ROOT))
 		seq_printf(seq, ",reserve_root=%u,resuid=%u,resgid=%u",
@@ -3515,6 +3523,9 @@ static void init_sb_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
 	sbi->max_victim_search = DEF_MAX_VICTIM_SEARCH;
 	sbi->migration_granularity = sbi->segs_per_sec;
 	sbi->seq_file_ra_mul = MIN_RA_MUL;
+	sbi->fragment_chunk_max = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
+	sbi->fragment_hole_max = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
+	sbi->fragment_remained_chunk = DEF_FRAGMENT_SIZE;
 
 	sbi->dir_level = DEF_DIR_LEVEL;
 	sbi->interval_time[CP_TIME] = DEF_CP_INTERVAL;
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
index a1a3e0f6d658..42c41efd21d3 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/sysfs.c
@@ -551,6 +551,22 @@ static ssize_t __sbi_store(struct f2fs_attr *a,
 		return count;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_chunk_max")) {
+		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
+			sbi->fragment_chunk_max = t;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+		return count;
+	}
+
+	if (!strcmp(a->attr.name, "fragment_hole_max")) {
+		if (t >= MIN_FRAGMENT_SIZE && t <= MAX_FRAGMENT_SIZE)
+			sbi->fragment_hole_max = t;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+		return count;
+	}
+
 	*ui = (unsigned int)t;
 
 	return count;
@@ -781,6 +797,8 @@ F2FS_RW_ATTR(ATGC_INFO, atgc_management, atgc_age_threshold, age_threshold);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, seq_file_ra_mul, seq_file_ra_mul);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_segment_mode, gc_segment_mode);
 F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, gc_reclaimed_segments, gc_reclaimed_segs);
+F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_chunk_max, fragment_chunk_max);
+F2FS_RW_ATTR(F2FS_SBI, f2fs_sb_info, fragment_hole_max, fragment_hole_max);
 
 #define ATTR_LIST(name) (&f2fs_attr_##name.attr)
 static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
@@ -859,6 +877,8 @@ static struct attribute *f2fs_attrs[] = {
 	ATTR_LIST(seq_file_ra_mul),
 	ATTR_LIST(gc_segment_mode),
 	ATTR_LIST(gc_reclaimed_segments),
+	ATTR_LIST(fragment_chunk_max),
+	ATTR_LIST(fragment_hole_max),
 	NULL,
 };
 ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(f2fs);
-- 
2.33.0.259.gc128427fd7-goog


             reply	other threads:[~2021-08-25 18:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-25 18:57 Daeho Jeong [this message]
2021-08-27  5:26 ` [f2fs-dev] " Chao Yu
2021-08-27 15:22   ` Daeho Jeong
2021-08-28  0:43     ` Chao Yu
2021-08-30 17:27       ` Daeho Jeong

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20210825185747.1627497-1-daeho43@gmail.com \
    --to=daeho43@gmail.com \
    --cc=daehojeong@google.com \
    --cc=kernel-team@android.com \
    --cc=linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v2] f2fs: introduce fragment allocation mode mount option' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).