LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@intel.com>
To: linux-hardening@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Kristen C Accardi" <kristen.c.accardi@intel.com>,
	Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>, Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>,
	Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	Marios Pomonis <pomonis@google.com>,
	Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>,
	Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>, Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>,
	Jesse Brandeburg <jesse.brandeburg@intel.com>,
	Lukasz Czapnik <lukasz.czapnik@intel.com>,
	"Marta A Plantykow" <marta.a.plantykow@intel.com>,
	Michal Kubiak <michal.kubiak@intel.com>,
	Michal Swiatkowski <michal.swiatkowski@intel.com>,
	Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@intel.com>,
	linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org, linux-arch@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com
Subject: [PATCH v6 kspp-next 10/22] x86/boot/compressed: Avoid duplicate malloc() implementations
Date: Tue, 31 Aug 2021 16:41:02 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210831144114.154-11-alexandr.lobakin@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210831144114.154-1-alexandr.lobakin@intel.com>

From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

The preboot malloc() (and free()) implementation in
include/linux/decompress/mm.h (which is also included by the
static decompressors) is static. This is fine when the only thing
interested in using malloc() is the decompression code, but the
x86 preboot environment uses malloc() in a couple places, leading to a
potential collision when the static copies of the available memory
region ("malloc_ptr") gets reset to the global "free_mem_ptr" value.
As it happens, the existing usage pattern happened to be safe because each
user did 1 malloc() and 1 free() before returning and were not nested:

extract_kernel() (misc.c)
	choose_random_location() (kaslr.c)
		mem_avoid_init()
			handle_mem_options()
				malloc()
				...
				free()
	...
	parse_elf() (misc.c)
		malloc()
		...
		free()

Adding FGKASLR, however, will insert additional malloc() calls local to
fgkaslr.c in the middle of parse_elf()'s malloc()/free() pair:

	parse_elf() (misc.c)
		malloc()
		if (...) {
			layout_randomized_image(output, &ehdr, phdrs);
				malloc() <- boom
				...
		else
			layout_image(output, &ehdr, phdrs);
		free()

To avoid collisions, there must be a single implementation of malloc().
Adjust include/linux/decompress/mm.h so that visibility can be
controlled, provide prototypes in misc.h, and implement the functions in
misc.c. This also results in a small size savings:

$ size vmlinux.before vmlinux.after
   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
8842314     468  178320 9021102  89a6ae vmlinux.before
8842240     468  178320 9021028  89a664 vmlinux.after

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c |  4 ----
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c  |  3 +++
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h  |  2 ++
 include/linux/decompress/mm.h    | 12 ++++++++++--
 4 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
index e36690778497..7d94f95c84dd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
@@ -32,10 +32,6 @@
 #include <generated/utsrelease.h>
 #include <asm/efi.h>
 
-/* Macros used by the included decompressor code below. */
-#define STATIC
-#include <linux/decompress/mm.h>
-
 #define _SETUP
 #include <asm/setup.h>	/* For COMMAND_LINE_SIZE */
 #undef _SETUP
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index 743f13ea25c1..a4339cb2d247 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -28,6 +28,9 @@
 
 /* Macros used by the included decompressor code below. */
 #define STATIC		static
+/* Define an externally visible malloc()/free(). */
+#define MALLOC_VISIBLE
+#include <linux/decompress/mm.h>
 
 /*
  * Provide definitions of memzero and memmove as some of the decompressors will
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
index 31139256859f..1a2e422dc357 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.h
@@ -44,6 +44,8 @@ extern char _head[], _end[];
 /* misc.c */
 extern memptr free_mem_ptr;
 extern memptr free_mem_end_ptr;
+extern void *malloc(int size);
+extern void free(void *where);
 extern struct boot_params *boot_params;
 void __putstr(const char *s);
 void __puthex(unsigned long value);
diff --git a/include/linux/decompress/mm.h b/include/linux/decompress/mm.h
index 868e9eacd69e..9192986b1a73 100644
--- a/include/linux/decompress/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/decompress/mm.h
@@ -25,13 +25,21 @@
 #define STATIC_RW_DATA static
 #endif
 
+/*
+ * When an architecture needs to share the malloc()/free() implementation
+ * between compilation units, it needs to have non-local visibility.
+ */
+#ifndef MALLOC_VISIBLE
+#define MALLOC_VISIBLE static
+#endif
+
 /* A trivial malloc implementation, adapted from
  *  malloc by Hannu Savolainen 1993 and Matthias Urlichs 1994
  */
 STATIC_RW_DATA unsigned long malloc_ptr;
 STATIC_RW_DATA int malloc_count;
 
-static void *malloc(int size)
+MALLOC_VISIBLE void *malloc(int size)
 {
 	void *p;
 
@@ -52,7 +60,7 @@ static void *malloc(int size)
 	return p;
 }
 
-static void free(void *where)
+MALLOC_VISIBLE void free(void *where)
 {
 	malloc_count--;
 	if (!malloc_count)
-- 
2.31.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-31 14:42 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 29+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-31 14:40 [PATCH v6 kspp-next 00/22] Function Granular KASLR Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 01/22] kbuild: Fix TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS with LTO_CLANG Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 02/22] kbuild: merge vmlinux_link() between the ordinary link and Clang LTO Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 03/22] kbuild: do not remove 'linux' link in scripts/link-vmlinux.sh Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 04/22] kbuild: merge vmlinux_link() between ARCH=um and other architectures Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 05/22] x86: tools/relocs: Support >64K section headers Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 06/22] x86/boot: Allow a "silent" kaslr random byte fetch Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:40 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 07/22] x86: Makefile: Add build and config option for CONFIG_FG_KASLR Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 08/22] Make sure ORC lookup covers the entire _etext - _stext Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 09/22] x86/tools: Add relative relocs for randomized functions Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` Alexander Lobakin [this message]
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 11/22] x86: Add support for function granular KASLR Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 12/22] linkage: add macros for putting ASM functions into own sections Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 13/22] x86: conditionally place regular ASM functions into separate sections Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 14/22] FG-KASLR: use a scripted approach to handle .text.* sections Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 15/22] kallsyms: Hide layout Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 16/22] livepatch: only match unique symbols when using fgkaslr Alexander Lobakin
2021-09-09 11:53   ` Miroslav Benes
2021-09-10 12:29     ` Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 17/22] x86/boot: allow FG-KASLR to be selected Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 18/22] arm64/crypto: conditionally place ASM functions into separate sections Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 19/22] module: Reorder functions Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 20/22] module: use a scripted approach for FG-KASLR Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 21/22] Documentation: add a documentation " Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 22/22] maintainers: add MAINTAINERS entry " Alexander Lobakin
2021-08-31 17:27 ` [PATCH v6 kspp-next 00/22] Function Granular KASLR Kees Cook
2021-09-01 10:36   ` Alexander Lobakin
2021-09-02  1:36     ` Kees Cook
2021-09-03 11:19       ` Alexander Lobakin

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20210831144114.154-11-alexandr.lobakin@intel.com \
    --to=alexandr.lobakin@intel.com \
    --cc=ardb@kernel.org \
    --cc=clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com \
    --cc=hpa@zytor.com \
    --cc=jesse.brandeburg@intel.com \
    --cc=jeyu@kernel.org \
    --cc=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=kristen.c.accardi@intel.com \
    --cc=kristen@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=linux-arch@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-hardening@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=lukasz.czapnik@intel.com \
    --cc=marta.a.plantykow@intel.com \
    --cc=masahiroy@kernel.org \
    --cc=michal.kubiak@intel.com \
    --cc=michal.swiatkowski@intel.com \
    --cc=nathan@kernel.org \
    --cc=ndesaulniers@google.com \
    --cc=pomonis@google.com \
    --cc=samitolvanen@google.com \
    --cc=tony.luck@intel.com \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v6 kspp-next 10/22] x86/boot/compressed: Avoid duplicate malloc() implementations' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).