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From: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
To: William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>
Cc: linux-stm32@st-md-mailman.stormreply.com, kernel@pengutronix.de,
	a.fatoum@pengutronix.de, kamel.bouhara@bootlin.com,
	gwendal@chromium.org, alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com,
	david@lechnology.com, linux-iio@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, syednwaris@gmail.com,
	patrick.havelange@essensium.com, fabrice.gasnier@st.com,
	mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com, alexandre.torgue@st.com,
	o.rempel@pengutronix.de, jarkko.nikula@linux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v16 05/14] docs: counter: Update to reflect sysfs internalization
Date: Wed, 8 Sep 2021 18:48:00 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210908184800.7b8f6754@jic23-huawei> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <91cded13c0145c0d3d0acfe765a2ccb6c9af7c3b.1630031207.git.vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>

On Fri, 27 Aug 2021 12:47:49 +0900
William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com> wrote:

> The Counter subsystem architecture and driver implementations have
> changed in order to handle Counter sysfs interactions in a more
> consistent way. This patch updates the Generic Counter interface
> documentation to reflect the changes.
> 
> Reviewed-by: David Lechner <david@lechnology.com>
> Signed-off-by: William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>
Applied.

I'm going to pause at this point.  We are early in the cycle anyway
so there is no rush and I'd like to take another look at the remainder
of the series + leave a little longer for others to take a look at it!

Thanks,

Jonathan

> ---
>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter  |   9 +-
>  Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst | 243 ++++++++++++++-----
>  2 files changed, 185 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter
> index 20fe5afd4f9e..dee79b606847 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter
> @@ -286,7 +286,14 @@ What:		/sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/signalY/signal
>  KernelVersion:	5.2
>  Contact:	linux-iio@vger.kernel.org
>  Description:
> -		Signal data of Signal Y represented as a string.
> +		Signal level state of Signal Y. The following signal level
> +		states are available:
> +
> +		low:
> +			Low level state.
> +
> +		high:
> +			High level state.
>  
>  What:		/sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/signalY/synchronous_mode
>  KernelVersion:	5.2
> diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> index 64fe7db080e5..f6397218aa4c 100644
> --- a/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> @@ -250,8 +250,8 @@ for defining a counter device.
>  .. kernel-doc:: drivers/counter/counter.c
>     :export:
>  
> -Implementation
> -==============
> +Driver Implementation
> +=====================
>  
>  To support a counter device, a driver must first allocate the available
>  Counter Signals via counter_signal structures. These Signals should
> @@ -267,25 +267,61 @@ respective counter_count structure. These counter_count structures are
>  set to the counts array member of an allocated counter_device structure
>  before the Counter is registered to the system.
>  
> -Driver callbacks should be provided to the counter_device structure via
> -a constant counter_ops structure in order to communicate with the
> -device: to read and write various Signals and Counts, and to set and get
> -the "action mode" and "function mode" for various Synapses and Counts
> -respectively.
> +Driver callbacks must be provided to the counter_device structure in
> +order to communicate with the device: to read and write various Signals
> +and Counts, and to set and get the "action mode" and "function mode" for
> +various Synapses and Counts respectively.
>  
>  A defined counter_device structure may be registered to the system by
>  passing it to the counter_register function, and unregistered by passing
>  it to the counter_unregister function. Similarly, the
> -devm_counter_register and devm_counter_unregister functions may be used
> -if device memory-managed registration is desired.
> -
> -Extension sysfs attributes can be created for auxiliary functionality
> -and data by passing in defined counter_device_ext, counter_count_ext,
> -and counter_signal_ext structures. In these cases, the
> -counter_device_ext structure is used for global/miscellaneous exposure
> -and configuration of the respective Counter device, while the
> -counter_count_ext and counter_signal_ext structures allow for auxiliary
> -exposure and configuration of a specific Count or Signal respectively.
> +devm_counter_register function may be used if device memory-managed
> +registration is desired.
> +
> +The struct counter_comp structure is used to define counter extensions
> +for Signals, Synapses, and Counts.
> +
> +The "type" member specifies the type of high-level data (e.g. BOOL,
> +COUNT_DIRECTION, etc.) handled by this extension. The "``*_read``" and
> +"``*_write``" members can then be set by the counter device driver with
> +callbacks to handle that data using native C data types (i.e. u8, u64,
> +etc.).
> +
> +Convenience macros such as ``COUNTER_COMP_COUNT_U64`` are provided for
> +use by driver authors. In particular, driver authors are expected to use
> +the provided macros for standard Counter subsystem attributes in order
> +to maintain a consistent interface for userspace. For example, a counter
> +device driver may define several standard attributes like so::
> +
> +        struct counter_comp count_ext[] = {
> +                COUNTER_COMP_DIRECTION(count_direction_read),
> +                COUNTER_COMP_ENABLE(count_enable_read, count_enable_write),
> +                COUNTER_COMP_CEILING(count_ceiling_read, count_ceiling_write),
> +        };
> +
> +This makes it simple to see, add, and modify the attributes that are
> +supported by this driver ("direction", "enable", and "ceiling") and to
> +maintain this code without getting lost in a web of struct braces.
> +
> +Callbacks must match the function type expected for the respective
> +component or extension. These function types are defined in the struct
> +counter_comp structure as the "``*_read``" and "``*_write``" union
> +members.
> +
> +The corresponding callback prototypes for the extensions mentioned in
> +the previous example above would be::
> +
> +        int count_direction_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> +                                 struct counter_count *count,
> +                                 enum counter_count_direction *direction);
> +        int count_enable_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> +                              struct counter_count *count, u8 *enable);
> +        int count_enable_write(struct counter_device *counter,
> +                               struct counter_count *count, u8 enable);
> +        int count_ceiling_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> +                               struct counter_count *count, u64 *ceiling);
> +        int count_ceiling_write(struct counter_device *counter,
> +                                struct counter_count *count, u64 ceiling);
>  
>  Determining the type of extension to create is a matter of scope.
>  
> @@ -313,52 +349,127 @@ Determining the type of extension to create is a matter of scope.
>    chip overheated via a device extension called "error_overtemp":
>    /sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/error_overtemp
>  
> -Architecture
> -============
> -
> -When the Generic Counter interface counter module is loaded, the
> -counter_init function is called which registers a bus_type named
> -"counter" to the system. Subsequently, when the module is unloaded, the
> -counter_exit function is called which unregisters the bus_type named
> -"counter" from the system.
> -
> -Counter devices are registered to the system via the counter_register
> -function, and later removed via the counter_unregister function. The
> -counter_register function establishes a unique ID for the Counter
> -device and creates a respective sysfs directory, where X is the
> -mentioned unique ID:
> -
> -    /sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX
> -
> -Sysfs attributes are created within the counterX directory to expose
> -functionality, configurations, and data relating to the Counts, Signals,
> -and Synapses of the Counter device, as well as options and information
> -for the Counter device itself.
> -
> -Each Signal has a directory created to house its relevant sysfs
> -attributes, where Y is the unique ID of the respective Signal:
> -
> -    /sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/signalY
> -
> -Similarly, each Count has a directory created to house its relevant
> -sysfs attributes, where Y is the unique ID of the respective Count:
> -
> -    /sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/countY
> -
> -For a more detailed breakdown of the available Generic Counter interface
> -sysfs attributes, please refer to the
> -Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter file.
> -
> -The Signals and Counts associated with the Counter device are registered
> -to the system as well by the counter_register function. The
> -signal_read/signal_write driver callbacks are associated with their
> -respective Signal attributes, while the count_read/count_write and
> -function_get/function_set driver callbacks are associated with their
> -respective Count attributes; similarly, the same is true for the
> -action_get/action_set driver callbacks and their respective Synapse
> -attributes. If a driver callback is left undefined, then the respective
> -read/write permission is left disabled for the relevant attributes.
> -
> -Similarly, extension sysfs attributes are created for the defined
> -counter_device_ext, counter_count_ext, and counter_signal_ext
> -structures that are passed in.
> +Subsystem Architecture
> +======================
> +
> +Counter drivers pass and take data natively (i.e. ``u8``, ``u64``, etc.)
> +and the shared counter module handles the translation between the sysfs
> +interface. This guarantees a standard userspace interface for all
> +counter drivers, and enables a Generic Counter chrdev interface via a
> +generalized device driver ABI.
> +
> +A high-level view of how a count value is passed down from a counter
> +driver is exemplified by the following. The driver callbacks are first
> +registered to the Counter core component for use by the Counter
> +userspace interface components::
> +
> +        Driver callbacks registration:
> +        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                        | Counter device driver      |
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                        | Processes data from device |
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                                |
> +                         -------------------
> +                        / driver callbacks /
> +                        -------------------
> +                                |
> +                                V
> +                        +----------------------+
> +                        | Counter core         |
> +                        +----------------------+
> +                        | Routes device driver |
> +                        | callbacks to the     |
> +                        | userspace interfaces |
> +                        +----------------------+
> +                                |
> +                         -------------------
> +                        / driver callbacks /
> +                        -------------------
> +                                |
> +                +---------------+
> +                |
> +                V
> +        +--------------------+
> +        | Counter sysfs      |
> +        +--------------------+
> +        | Translates to the  |
> +        | standard Counter   |
> +        | sysfs output       |
> +        +--------------------+
> +
> +Thereafter, data can be transferred directly between the Counter device
> +driver and Counter userspace interface::
> +
> +        Count data request:
> +        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +                         ----------------------
> +                        / Counter device       \
> +                        +----------------------+
> +                        | Count register: 0x28 |
> +                        +----------------------+
> +                                |
> +                         -----------------
> +                        / raw count data /
> +                        -----------------
> +                                |
> +                                V
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                        | Counter device driver      |
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                        | Processes data from device |
> +                        |----------------------------|
> +                        | Type: u64                  |
> +                        | Value: 42                  |
> +                        +----------------------------+
> +                                |
> +                         ----------
> +                        / u64     /
> +                        ----------
> +                                |
> +                +---------------+
> +                |
> +                V
> +        +--------------------+
> +        | Counter sysfs      |
> +        +--------------------+
> +        | Translates to the  |
> +        | standard Counter   |
> +        | sysfs output       |
> +        |--------------------|
> +        | Type: const char * |
> +        | Value: "42"        |
> +        +--------------------+
> +                |
> +         ---------------
> +        / const char * /
> +        ---------------
> +                |
> +                V
> +        +--------------------------------------------------+
> +        | `/sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX/countY/count` |
> +        +--------------------------------------------------+
> +        \ Count: "42"                                      /
> +         --------------------------------------------------
> +
> +There are three primary components involved:
> +
> +Counter device driver
> +---------------------
> +Communicates with the hardware device to read/write data; e.g. counter
> +drivers for quadrature encoders, timers, etc.
> +
> +Counter core
> +------------
> +Registers the counter device driver to the system so that the respective
> +callbacks are called during userspace interaction.
> +
> +Counter sysfs
> +-------------
> +Translates counter data to the standard Counter sysfs interface format
> +and vice versa.
> +
> +Please refer to the ``Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter`` file
> +for a detailed breakdown of the available Generic Counter interface
> +sysfs attributes.


  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-08 17:44 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 35+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-27  3:47 [PATCH v16 00/14] Introduce the Counter character device interface William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 01/14] counter: stm32-lptimer-cnt: Provide defines for clock polarities William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:38   ` Fabrice Gasnier
2021-09-08 17:31     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 02/14] counter: stm32-timer-cnt: Provide defines for slave mode selection William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:40   ` Fabrice Gasnier
2021-09-08 17:31     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 03/14] counter: Internalize sysfs interface code William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:44   ` [Linux-stm32] " Fabrice Gasnier
2021-08-31 14:16     ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 14:55       ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:44     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 04/14] counter: Update counter.h comments to reflect sysfs internalization William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:46   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 05/14] docs: counter: Update " William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:48   ` Jonathan Cameron [this message]
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 06/14] counter: Move counter enums to uapi header William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 07/14] counter: Add character device interface William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:18   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-20 10:09     ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-26 15:15       ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-27 10:21         ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-27 11:20           ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-27 11:33             ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 08/14] docs: counter: Document " William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:18   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 09/14] tools/counter: Create Counter tools William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:26   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 10/14] counter: Implement signalZ_action_component_id sysfs attribute William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 11/14] counter: Implement *_component_id sysfs attributes William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 12/14] counter: Implement events_queue_size sysfs attribute William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 13/14] counter: 104-quad-8: Replace mutex with spinlock William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 14/14] counter: 104-quad-8: Add IRQ support for the ACCES 104-QUAD-8 William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-30 17:17 ` [PATCH v16 00/14] Introduce the Counter character device interface Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-12 16:36   ` Jonathan Cameron

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