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From: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
To: William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>
Cc: linux-stm32@st-md-mailman.stormreply.com, kernel@pengutronix.de,
	a.fatoum@pengutronix.de, kamel.bouhara@bootlin.com,
	gwendal@chromium.org, alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com,
	david@lechnology.com, linux-iio@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, syednwaris@gmail.com,
	patrick.havelange@essensium.com, fabrice.gasnier@st.com,
	mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com, alexandre.torgue@st.com,
	o.rempel@pengutronix.de, jarkko.nikula@linux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v16 08/14] docs: counter: Document character device interface
Date: Sun, 12 Sep 2021 17:18:02 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210912171802.0bd97f26@jic23-huawei> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <532bd59e88d9bc6e4d1c323744b78ce137ff5c6a.1630031207.git.vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>

On Fri, 27 Aug 2021 12:47:52 +0900
William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com> wrote:

> This patch adds high-level documentation about the Counter subsystem
> character device interface.
> 
> Signed-off-by: William Breathitt Gray <vilhelm.gray@gmail.com>
One trivial suggestion inline.  This document is very good.

Jonathan

> ---
>  Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst  | 177 ++++++++++++++----
>  .../userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst      |   1 +
>  2 files changed, 137 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> index f6397218aa4c..6ecb5d1942c7 100644
> --- a/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/driver-api/generic-counter.rst
> @@ -223,19 +223,6 @@ whether an input line is differential or single-ended) and instead focus
>  on the core idea of what the data and process represent (e.g. position
>  as interpreted from quadrature encoding data).
>  
> -Userspace Interface
> -===================
> -
> -Several sysfs attributes are generated by the Generic Counter interface,
> -and reside under the /sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX directory, where
> -counterX refers to the respective counter device. Please see
> -Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter for detailed
> -information on each Generic Counter interface sysfs attribute.
> -
> -Through these sysfs attributes, programs and scripts may interact with
> -the Generic Counter paradigm Counts, Signals, and Synapses of respective
> -counter devices.
> -
>  Driver API
>  ==========
>  
> @@ -388,16 +375,16 @@ userspace interface components::
>                          / driver callbacks /
>                          -------------------
>                                  |
> -                +---------------+
> -                |
> -                V
> -        +--------------------+
> -        | Counter sysfs      |
> -        +--------------------+
> -        | Translates to the  |
> -        | standard Counter   |
> -        | sysfs output       |
> -        +--------------------+
> +                +---------------+---------------+
> +                |                               |
> +                V                               V
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
> +        | Counter sysfs      |          | Counter chrdev      |
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
> +        | Translates to the  |          | Translates to the   |
> +        | standard Counter   |          | standard Counter    |
> +        | sysfs output       |          | character device    |
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
>  
>  Thereafter, data can be transferred directly between the Counter device
>  driver and Counter userspace interface::
> @@ -428,23 +415,30 @@ driver and Counter userspace interface::
>                          / u64     /
>                          ----------
>                                  |
> -                +---------------+
> -                |
> -                V
> -        +--------------------+
> -        | Counter sysfs      |
> -        +--------------------+
> -        | Translates to the  |
> -        | standard Counter   |
> -        | sysfs output       |
> -        |--------------------|
> -        | Type: const char * |
> -        | Value: "42"        |
> -        +--------------------+
> -                |
> -         ---------------
> -        / const char * /
> -        ---------------
> +                +---------------+---------------+
> +                |                               |
> +                V                               V
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
> +        | Counter sysfs      |          | Counter chrdev      |
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
> +        | Translates to the  |          | Translates to the   |
> +        | standard Counter   |          | standard Counter    |
> +        | sysfs output       |          | character device    |
> +        |--------------------|          |---------------------|
> +        | Type: const char * |          | Type: u64           |
> +        | Value: "42"        |          | Value: 42           |
> +        +--------------------+          +---------------------+
> +                |                               |
> +         ---------------                 -----------------------
> +        / const char * /                / struct counter_event /
> +        ---------------                 -----------------------
> +                |                               |
> +                |                               V
> +                |                       +-----------+
> +                |                       | read      |
> +                |                       +-----------+
> +                |                       \ Count: 42 /
> +                |                        -----------
>                  |
>                  V
>          +--------------------------------------------------+
> @@ -453,7 +447,7 @@ driver and Counter userspace interface::
>          \ Count: "42"                                      /
>           --------------------------------------------------
>  
> -There are three primary components involved:
> +There are four primary components involved:
>  
>  Counter device driver
>  ---------------------
> @@ -473,3 +467,104 @@ and vice versa.
>  Please refer to the ``Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter`` file
>  for a detailed breakdown of the available Generic Counter interface
>  sysfs attributes.
> +
> +Counter chrdev
> +--------------
> +Translates counter data to the standard Counter character device; data

Whilst it is clear when you read on, perhaps change "data" to "Counter
events" here.

> +is transferred via standard character device read calls, while Counter
> +events are configured via ioctl calls.
> +
> +Sysfs Interface
> +===============
> +
> +Several sysfs attributes are generated by the Generic Counter interface,
> +and reside under the ``/sys/bus/counter/devices/counterX`` directory,
> +where ``X`` is to the respective counter device id. Please see
> +``Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-counter`` for detailed information
> +on each Generic Counter interface sysfs attribute.
> +
> +Through these sysfs attributes, programs and scripts may interact with
> +the Generic Counter paradigm Counts, Signals, and Synapses of respective
> +counter devices.
> +
> +Counter Character Device
> +========================
> +
> +Counter character device nodes are created under the ``/dev`` directory
> +as ``counterX``, where ``X`` is the respective counter device id.
> +Defines for the standard Counter data types are exposed via the
> +userspace ``include/uapi/linux/counter.h`` file.
> +
> +Counter events
> +--------------
> +Counter device drivers can support Counter events by utilizing the
> +``counter_push_event`` function::
> +
> +        void counter_push_event(struct counter_device *const counter, const u8 event,
> +                                const u8 channel);
> +
> +The event id is specified by the ``event`` parameter; the event channel
> +id is specified by the ``channel`` parameter. When this function is
> +called, the Counter data associated with the respective event is
> +gathered, and a ``struct counter_event`` is generated for each datum and
> +pushed to userspace.
> +
> +Counter events can be configured by users to report various Counter
> +data of interest. This can be conceptualized as a list of Counter
> +component read calls to perform. For example:
> +
> +        +------------------------+------------------------+
> +        | COUNTER_EVENT_OVERFLOW | COUNTER_EVENT_INDEX    |
> +        +========================+========================+
> +        | Channel 0              | Channel 0              |
> +        +------------------------+------------------------+
> +        | * Count 0              | * Signal 0             |
> +        | * Count 1              | * Signal 0 Extension 0 |
> +        | * Signal 3             | * Extension 4          |
> +        | * Count 4 Extension 2  +------------------------+
> +        | * Signal 5 Extension 0 | Channel 1              |
> +        |                        +------------------------+
> +        |                        | * Signal 4             |
> +        |                        | * Signal 4 Extension 0 |
> +        |                        | * Count 7              |
> +        +------------------------+------------------------+
> +
> +When ``counter_push_event(counter, COUNTER_EVENT_INDEX, 1)`` is called
> +for example, it will go down the list for the ``COUNTER_EVENT_INDEX``
> +event channel 1 and execute the read callbacks for Signal 4, Signal 4
> +Extension 0, and Count 7 -- the data returned for each is pushed to a
> +kfifo as a ``struct counter_event``, which userspace can retrieve via a
> +standard read operation on the respective character device node.
> +
> +Userspace
> +---------
> +Userspace applications can configure Counter events via ioctl operations
> +on the Counter character device node. There following ioctl codes are
> +supported and provided by the ``linux/counter.h`` userspace header file:
> +
> +* :c:macro:`COUNTER_ADD_WATCH_IOCTL`
> +
> +* :c:macro:`COUNTER_ENABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL`
> +
> +* :c:macro:`COUNTER_DISABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL`
> +
> +To configure events to gather Counter data, users first populate a
> +``struct counter_watch`` with the relevant event id, event channel id,
> +and the information for the desired Counter component from which to
> +read, and then pass it via the ``COUNTER_ADD_WATCH_IOCTL`` ioctl
> +command.
> +
> +Note that an event can be watched without gathering Counter data by
> +setting the ``component.type`` member equal to
> +``COUNTER_COMPONENT_NONE``. With this configuration the Counter
> +character device will simply populate the event timestamps for those
> +respective ``struct counter_event`` elements and ignore the component
> +value.
> +
> +The ``COUNTER_ADD_WATCH_IOCTL`` command will buffer these Counter
> +watches. When ready, the ``COUNTER_ENABLE_EVENTS_IOCTL`` ioctl command
> +may be used to activate these Counter watches.
> +
> +Userspace applications can then execute a ``read`` operation (optionally
> +calling ``poll`` first) on the Counter character device node to retrieve
> +``struct counter_event`` elements with the desired data.
> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> index 1409e40e6345..fc4ccc79b1b8 100644
> --- a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> @@ -88,6 +88,7 @@ Code  Seq#    Include File                                           Comments
>                                                                       <http://infiniband.sourceforge.net/>
>  0x20  all    drivers/cdrom/cm206.h
>  0x22  all    scsi/sg.h
> +0x3E  00-0F  linux/counter.h                                         <mailto:linux-iio@vger.kernel.org>
>  '!'   00-1F  uapi/linux/seccomp.h
>  '#'   00-3F                                                          IEEE 1394 Subsystem
>                                                                       Block for the entire subsystem


  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-12 16:14 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 35+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-27  3:47 [PATCH v16 00/14] Introduce the Counter " William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 01/14] counter: stm32-lptimer-cnt: Provide defines for clock polarities William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:38   ` Fabrice Gasnier
2021-09-08 17:31     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 02/14] counter: stm32-timer-cnt: Provide defines for slave mode selection William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:40   ` Fabrice Gasnier
2021-09-08 17:31     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 03/14] counter: Internalize sysfs interface code William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 13:44   ` [Linux-stm32] " Fabrice Gasnier
2021-08-31 14:16     ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-31 14:55       ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:44     ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 04/14] counter: Update counter.h comments to reflect sysfs internalization William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:46   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 05/14] docs: counter: Update " William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-08 17:48   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 06/14] counter: Move counter enums to uapi header William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 07/14] counter: Add character device interface William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:18   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-20 10:09     ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-26 15:15       ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-27 10:21         ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-27 11:20           ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-27 11:33             ` William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 08/14] docs: counter: Document " William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:18   ` Jonathan Cameron [this message]
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 09/14] tools/counter: Create Counter tools William Breathitt Gray
2021-09-12 16:26   ` Jonathan Cameron
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 10/14] counter: Implement signalZ_action_component_id sysfs attribute William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 11/14] counter: Implement *_component_id sysfs attributes William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 12/14] counter: Implement events_queue_size sysfs attribute William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 13/14] counter: 104-quad-8: Replace mutex with spinlock William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-27  3:47 ` [PATCH v16 14/14] counter: 104-quad-8: Add IRQ support for the ACCES 104-QUAD-8 William Breathitt Gray
2021-08-30 17:17 ` [PATCH v16 00/14] Introduce the Counter character device interface Jonathan Cameron
2021-09-12 16:36   ` Jonathan Cameron

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