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From: bot@edi.works
To: yuzhao@google.com
Cc: hdanton@sina.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, page-reclaim@google.com, corbet@lwn.net,
	michael@michaellarabel.com, sofia.trinh@edi.works
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework
Date: Mon,  8 Nov 2021 18:13:46 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20211109021346.50266-1-bot@edi.works> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210818063107.2696454-1-yuzhao@google.com>

Kernel / MongoDB benchmark with MGLRU

TLDR
====
With the MGLRU, MongoDB achieved 95% CIs [2.23, 3.44]%, [6.97, 9.73]%
and [2.16, 3.55]% more operations per second (OPS) respectively for
exponential (distribution) access, random access and Zipfian access,
when underutizling memory; 95% CIs [8.83, 10.03]%, [21.12, 23.14]%
and [5.53, 6.46]% more OPS respectively for exponential access,
random access and Zipfian access, when slightly overcommitting memory.

Background
==========
Memory overcommit can increase utilization and, if carried out
properly, can also increase throughput. The challenges are to improve
working set estimation and to optimize page reclaim. The risks are
performance degradation and OOM kills. Short of overcoming the
challenges, the only way to reduce the risks is to underutilize
memory.

MongoDB is one of the most popular open-source NoSQL databases. YCSB
is the leading open-source NoSQL database benchmarking software that
supports multiple access distributions.

Matrix
======
Kernels: version [+ patchset]
* Baseline: 5.14
* Patched: 5.14 + MGLRU

Memory utilization: % of memory size
* Underutilizing: ~15% on inactive file list
* Overcommitting: ~5% swapped out

Concurrency: average # of users per CPU
* Medium: 2

Access distributions (1kB objects, 20% update):
* Exponential
* Uniform random
* Zipfian

Total configurations: 12
Data points per configuration: 10
Total run duration (minutes) per data point: ~20

Note that MongoDB reached the peak performance with the concurrency
for this benchmark, i.e., its performance degraded with fewer or more
users for this benchmark.

Procedure
=========
The latest MGLRU patchset for the 5.14 kernel is available at
git fetch https://linux-mm.googlesource.com/page-reclaim \
    refs/changes/30/1430/1

Baseline and patched 5.14 kernel images are available at
https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1eMkQleAFGkP2vzM_JyRA21oKE0ESHBqp

<install and configure OS>
ycsb_load.sh
systemctl stop mongod
e2image <backup /mnt/data>

<for each kernel>
    grub2-set-default <baseline, patched>
    <for each memory utilization>
        <update /etc/mongod.conf>
        <for each access distribution>
            <update ycsb_run.sh>
            <for each data point>
                systemctl stop mongod
                e2image <restore /mnt/data>
                reboot
                ycsb_run.sh
                <collect OPS>

Hardware
========
Memory (GB): 64
CPU (total #): 32
NVMe SSD (GB): 1024

OS
==
$ cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux release 8.4 (Ootpa)

$ cat /proc/swaps
Filename          Type          Size          Used     Priority
/dev/nvme0n1p3    partition     32970748      0        -2

$ cat /proc/cmdline
<existing parameters> systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=1

$ cat /sys/fs/cgroup/user.slice/memory.min
4294967296

$ cat /proc/sys/vm/overcommit_memory
1

$ cat /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled
always madvise [never]

MongoDB
=======
$ mongod --version
db version v5.0.3
Build Info: {
    "version": "5.0.3",
    "gitVersion": "657fea5a61a74d7a79df7aff8e4bcf0bc742b748",
    "openSSLVersion": "OpenSSL 1.1.1g FIPS  21 Apr 2020",
    "modules": [],
    "allocator": "tcmalloc",
    "environment": {
        "distmod": "rhel80",
        "distarch": "x86_64",
        "target_arch": "x86_64"
    }
}

$ cat /etc/mongod.conf
# mongod.conf
<existing parameters>

# Where and how to store data.
storage:
  dbPath: /mnt/data
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      cacheSizeGB: <50, 60>

<existing parameters>

YCSB
====
$ git log
commit ce3eb9ce51c84ee9e236998cdd2cefaeb96798a8 (HEAD -> master,
origin/master, origin/HEAD)
Author: Ivan <john.koepi@gmail.com>
Date:   Tue Feb 16 17:38:00 2021 +0200

    [scylla] enable token aware LB by default, improve the docs (#1507)

$ cat ycsb_load.sh
# load objects
ycsb load mongodb -s -threads 16 \
    -p mongodb.url=mongodb://%2Ftmp%2Fmongodb-27017.sock \
    -p workload=site.ycsb.workloads.CoreWorkload \
    -p recordcount=80000000

$ cat ycsb_run.sh
# run benchmark
ycsb run mongodb -s -threads 64 \
    -p mongodb.url=mongodb://%2Ftmp%2Fmongodb-27017.sock \
    -p workload=site.ycsb.workloads.CoreWorkload \
    -p recordcount=80000000 -p operationcount=80000000 \
    -p readproportion=0.8 -p updateproportion=0.2 \
    -p requestdistribution=<exponential, uniform, zipfian>

Results
=======
Comparing the patched with the baseline kernel, MongoDB achieved 95%
CIs [2.23, 3.44]%, [6.97, 9.73]% and [2.16, 3.55]% more OPS
respectively for exponential access, random access and Zipfian
access, when underutizling memory; 95% CIs [8.83, 10.03]%, [21.12,
23.14]% and [5.53, 6.46]% more OPS respectively for exponential
access, random access and Zipfian access, when slightly
overcommitting memory.

+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Mean OPS [95% CI]  | Underutilizing memory | Overcommitting memory |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Exponential access | 76615.56 / 78788.76   | 73984.90 / 80961.66   |
|                    | [1708.76, 2637.62]    | [6533.94, 7419.58]    |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Random access      | 62093.40 / 67276.01   | 55990.56 / 68379.91   |
|                    | [4324.96, 6040.25]    | [11824.09, 12954.62]  |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Zipfian access     | 92532.25 / 95174.43   | 93545.62 / 99151.12   |
|                    | [1997.20, 3287.17]    | [5171.27, 6039.72]    |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
Table 1. Comparison between the baseline and patched kernels

Comparing overcommitting with underutilizing memory, MongoDB achieved
95% CIs [-4.10, -2.77]%, [-11.20, -8.46]% and [0.36, 1.83]% more OPS
respectively for exponential access, random access and Zipfian
access, when using the baseline kernel; 95% CIs [2.27, 3.25]%, [0.78,
2.50]% and [3.81, 4.54]% more OPS respectively for exponential
access, random access and Zipfian access, when using the patched
kernel.

+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Mean OPS [95% CI]  | Baseline kernel       |  Patched kernel       |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Exponential access | 76615.56 / 73984.90   | 78788.76 / 80961.66   |
|                    | [-3139.12, -2122.20]  | [1786.70, 2559.09]    |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Random access      | 62093.40 / 55990.56   | 67276.01 / 68379.91   |
|                    | [-6953.44, -5252.23]  | [525.42, 1682.38]     |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
| Zipfian access     | 92532.25 / 93545.62   | 95174.43 / 99151.12   |
|                    | [330.99, 1695.75]     | [3628.31, 4325.06]    |
+--------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+
Table 2. Comparison between underutilizing and overcommitting memory

Metrics collected during each run are available at
https://github.com/ediworks/KernelPerf/tree/master/mglru/mongodb/5.14

Appendix
========
$ cat raw_data_mongodb.r
v <- c(
    # baseline 50g exp
    75814.86, 75884.91, 76052.71, 76621.01, 76641.19, 76661.24, 76870.15, 77017.79, 77289.08, 77302.67,
    # baseline 50g uni
    60638.17, 60968.91, 61128.61, 61548.40, 61779.30, 61917.58, 62152.28, 63440.15, 63625.47, 63735.11,
    # baseline 50g zip
    91271.16, 91482.41, 91524.17, 92467.16, 92585.62, 92843.29, 92885.65, 93229.98, 93408.94, 93624.08,
    # baseline 60g exp
    73183.67, 73191.30, 73527.58, 73831.79, 74047.95, 74056.24, 74401.23, 74418.53, 74547.58, 74643.08,
    # baseline 60g uni
    55175.76, 55477.42, 55605.52, 55680.21, 55903.39, 56171.05, 56375.06, 56380.43, 56509.94, 56626.78,
    # baseline 60g zip
    92653.82, 92775.02, 93100.44, 93290.21, 93593.74, 93775.64, 93868.72, 93915.12, 94194.77, 94288.69,
    # patched 50g exp
    78349.95, 78385.64, 78392.33, 78419.91, 78726.59, 78738.68, 78930.72, 78948.25, 79404.38, 79591.14,
    # patched 50g uni
    66622.91, 66667.33, 66951.43, 67104.80, 67117.30, 67196.90, 67389.75, 67406.62, 68131.43, 68171.61,
    # patched 50g zip
    94261.14, 94822.34, 94914.70, 95114.89, 95156.75, 95205.90, 95383.78, 95612.00, 95624.00, 95648.81,
    # patched 60g exp
    80272.04, 80612.33, 80679.23, 80717.74, 81011.18, 81029.64, 81146.68, 81371.84, 81379.13, 81396.76,
    # patched 60g uni
    67559.52, 67600.11, 67718.90, 68062.57, 68278.78, 68446.56, 68452.82, 68853.86, 69278.34, 69547.67,
    # patched 60g zip
    98706.81, 98864.41, 98903.77, 99044.10, 99155.68, 99162.94, 99165.64, 99482.31, 99484.91, 99540.62
)

a <- array(v, dim = c(10, 3, 2, 2))

# baseline vs patched
for (mem in 1:2) {
    for (dist in 1:3) {
        r <- t.test(a[, dist, mem, 1], a[, dist, mem, 2])
        print(r)

        p <- r$conf.int * 100 / r$estimate[1]
        if ((p[1] > 0 && p[2] < 0) || (p[1] < 0 && p[2] > 0)) {
            s <- sprintf("mem%d dist%d: no significance", mem, dist)
        } else {
            s <- sprintf("mem%d dist%d: [%.2f, %.2f]%%", mem, dist, -p[2], -p[1])
        }
        print(s)
    }
}

# 50g vs 60g
for (kern in 1:2) {
    for (dist in 1:3) {
        r <- t.test(a[, dist, 1, kern], a[, dist, 2, kern])
        print(r)

p <- r$conf.int * 100 / r$estimate[1]
        if ((p[1] > 0 && p[2] < 0) || (p[1] < 0 && p[2] > 0)) {
            s <- sprintf("kern%d dist%d: no significance", kern, dist)
        } else {
            s <- sprintf("kern%d dist%d: [%.2f, %.2f]%%", kern, dist, -p[2], -p[1])
        }
        print(s)
    }
}

$ R -q -s -f raw_data_mongodb.r

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -9.8624, df = 17.23, p-value = 1.671e-08
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -2637.627 -1708.769
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 76615.56  78788.76

[1] "mem1 dist1: [2.23, 3.44]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -13.081, df = 12.744, p-value = 9.287e-09
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -6040.256 -4324.964
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 62093.40  67276.01

[1] "mem1 dist2: [6.97, 9.73]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -8.8194, df = 13.459, p-value = 5.833e-07
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -3287.17 -1997.20
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 92532.25  95174.43

[1] "mem1 dist3: [2.16, 3.55]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -33.368, df = 16.192, p-value = 2.329e-16
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -7419.582 -6533.942
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 73984.90  80961.66

[1] "mem2 dist1: [8.83, 10.03]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -46.386, df = 16.338, p-value < 2.2e-16
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -12954.62 -11824.09
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 55990.56  68379.91

[1] "mem2 dist2: [21.12, 23.14]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, mem, 1] and a[, dist, mem, 2]
t = -27.844, df = 13.209, p-value = 4.049e-13
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -6039.729 -5171.275
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 93545.62  99151.12

[1] "mem2 dist3: [5.53, 6.46]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = 10.87, df = 18, p-value = 2.439e-09
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 2122.207 3139.125
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 76615.56  73984.90

[1] "kern1 dist1: [-4.10, -2.77]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = 15.593, df = 12.276, p-value = 1.847e-09
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 5252.237 6953.447
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 62093.40  55990.56

[1] "kern1 dist2: [-11.20, -8.46]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = -3.1512, df = 15.811, p-value = 0.006252
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -1695.7509  -330.9911
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 92532.25  93545.62

[1] "kern1 dist3: [0.36, 1.83]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = -11.836, df = 17.672, p-value = 7.84e-10
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -2559.092 -1786.704
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 78788.76  80961.66

[1] "kern2 dist1: [2.27, 3.25]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = -4.0276, df = 16.921, p-value = 0.0008807
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -1682.3864  -525.4236
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 67276.01  68379.91

[1] "kern2 dist2: [0.78, 2.50]%"

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data:  a[, dist, 1, kern] and a[, dist, 2, kern]
t = -24.26, df = 15.517, p-value = 9.257e-14
alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
 -4325.062 -3628.314
sample estimates:
mean of x mean of y
 95174.43  99151.12

[1] "kern2 dist3: [3.81, 4.54]%"

      parent reply	other threads:[~2021-11-09  2:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-18  6:30 Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 01/11] mm: x86, arm64: add arch_has_hw_pte_young() Yu Zhao
2021-08-19  9:19   ` Will Deacon
2021-08-19 21:23     ` Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 02/11] mm: x86: add CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NONLEAF_PMD_YOUNG Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:30 ` [PATCH v4 03/11] mm/vmscan.c: refactor shrink_node() Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 04/11] mm: multigenerational lru: groundwork Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 05/11] mm: multigenerational lru: protection Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 06/11] mm: multigenerational lru: mm_struct list Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 07/11] mm: multigenerational lru: aging Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 08/11] mm: multigenerational lru: eviction Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 09/11] mm: multigenerational lru: user interface Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 10/11] mm: multigenerational lru: Kconfig Yu Zhao
2021-08-18  6:31 ` [PATCH v4 11/11] mm: multigenerational lru: documentation Yu Zhao
2021-10-09  5:43 ` [PATCH v4 00/11] Multigenerational LRU Framework bot
2021-10-21 19:41 ` bot
2021-11-02  0:20 ` bot
2021-11-09  2:13 ` bot [this message]

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